Military Review

Blockade of Leningrad must be recognized as genocide

37
Blockade of Leningrad must be recognized as genocide
Leningrad children, wounded during shelling of the city, in the hospital during lunch. In the foreground is four-year-old Genya Mikulinas. Fragments of a German shell wounded him in the head and left arm.


A hearing on recognizing the crimes of the war in the Leningrad region as genocide was held in the Leningrad Regional Court.

Nuremberg and the Siege of Leningrad


The Nuremberg trials were opened on November 20, 1945 by Iona Nikitchenko, Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Court of the USSR. Thus, the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition recognized the main contribution of the USSR to the Victory over Nazi Germany and the gigantic losses of our country. The hearings in the case and the issuance of a guilty verdict took 316 days, of which three days were devoted to the blockade of Leningrad (in February 1946).

The prosecution qualified the blockade of Leningrad as a war crime, the senseless destruction of the city. The legal assessment of the destruction of Leningraders with the help of famine in Nuremberg was not formulated. This was partly due to the scarcity of materials.

In Leningrad, only two official German documents of August 1941 were presented. This is an order to Army Group North, which refers to the organization of non-exit of civilians outside the encirclement. And the directive of the Chief of Staff of the Kriegsmarine (German Navy) on the destruction of Leningrad:

“The Fuhrer decided to wipe the city of Petersburg from the face of the earth. After the defeat of Soviet Russia, the continued existence of this largest settlement is of no interest.”

The orders of the German High Command showed that the Nazis were not planning to capture Leningrad. The city was planned to be destroyed along with all the inhabitants.

The Tribunal was prepared in a hurry, and not all the materials had time to be processed and prepared. Later, documents of a personal nature were presented. Diary of Tanya Savicheva:

“Everyone died. Only Tanya remained.

And the school diary of the poet Anatoly Molchanov:

"Shooting. There are no lessons."

Later Molchanov writes:

“Deafened, in a smoking jacket, having smashed my face against the panel, I am still alive, and only a briefcase remained from Yurka.”

Personal testimonies caused a great emotional response to the process, but legally the blockade of Leningrad was qualified as a war crime, and not as a crime against humanity.


Leningrad children in a bomb shelter during a German raid aviation

Should be recognized as genocide


The war in the East was fought for destruction. The war was total: with the aim of the complete destruction of the Russian (Soviet) statehood and people. Therefore, the German Nazis destroyed not only the command staff of the Red Army, political workers, representatives of the Soviet government and ordinary communists. They deliberately destroyed prisoners of war with the help of hunger, cold, lack of hygiene, traditionally shot, hanged, drowned, etc.

The Nazis also destroyed the civilian, civilian population, women, the elderly and children. The occupied regions were cleared of "Russian subhumans". Near Leningrad there were also concentration camps - in Rozhdestveno, Vyra, Siverskaya and near Gatchina. A mass grave was found on the territory of the Luga region. On the territory of Luga, the Nazis set up a transit and filtering camp "Dulag-320" for Soviet prisoners of war, it was distinguished by a very cruel regime.

But the remains of not only prisoners of war, but also women and children were found in Luga. The bodies of 15 teenagers who allegedly died in 1941 were found in the Tosnensky district. They were students of the factory school. They made their way home and were dressed in craft uniforms (overcoats). This was enough for the execution.

In the village of Nikolskoye, Gatchina District, in November 1941, more than 900 patients of the Kashchenko psychiatric hospital were killed. On the territory of the village Makaryevskaya Pustyn in January 1942, 248 disabled women were shot.

Dulag 154 operated on the territory of Gatchina - a prisoner of war camp and a concentration camp. The regime of the camp was distinguished by extreme brutality. According to official Soviet data alone, more than 80 thousand Soviet citizens, both civilians and prisoners of war, were killed in the camp.

In the period from 1941 to 1944, on the territory of the Leningrad Region, the German invaders and their accomplices exterminated more than 33 thousand civilians and over 109 thousand .prisoners of war. More than 276 thousand people were forcibly sent to forced labor in Germany and other countries.

Russia's losses during the blockade of Leningrad ranged from 600 thousand to 1,5 million people. In Nuremberg, a figure of 632 people was announced. Of these, only 253% died from airstrikes and shelling, while the remaining 3% died of starvation. The world knows almost nothing about this tragedy. But in the USSR they remembered this.

From the testimony at the Nuremberg trials of the rector of St. Nicholas Church of St. George's cemetery in Leningrad, Archpriest Nikolai Lomakin:

“On the day of my parents' Saturday, February 7, 1942, before the start of Great Lent, I came to church for the first time after my illness, and the picture that opened up to my eyes stunned me. The temple was surrounded by piles of bodies, partially blocking the entrance. These piles reached from 30 to 100 people. They were not only at the entrance to the temple, but also around the temple. I witnessed how people, exhausted by hunger, wanting to deliver the dead to the cemetery for burial, could not do this, and the exhausted themselves fell at the ashes of the deceased and immediately died. These pictures I had to watch very often.

Such terrible pictures were everyday life in besieged Leningrad.


A girl emaciated from hunger in a Leningrad hospital. 1942

Preservation of historical memory and information war


In modern Western Europe and in the Western world in general, genuine история World War II had almost completely destroyed and rewritten. For example, in Germany, the Germans do not know that England and the United States offered the USSR to divide the Third Reich into several German states.

In 1944, the Anglo-Saxons came up with the "Morgenthau Plan" - to destroy German industry, turn the country into an agrarian one, and reduce the population. So that Germany would never again threaten the Western "democratic" world. Moscow opposed these plans. But the plan in an abbreviated form was implemented in the western zone of occupation. Modern Germans are sure that the Russians are to blame for the division of Germany.

Right now Russian and Soviet monuments and cemeteries are being destroyed in Europe. Russians are deleted from the history of Europe and the world. Only various black myths are preserved and cultivated about the “natural aggressiveness of the Russian Scythians”, the “Russian empire of evil” - the Russian Empire, the USSR and the Russian Federation, and the “Russian murderous tyrants” - Ivan the Terrible and Stalin, etc. Again in the West there is a desire to solve the "Russian question" - to demilitarize and destroy Russia, to "denazify" the Russian people.

Therefore, it is important in Russia itself to preserve historical memory, its culture and history. To this end, the prosecutor's office of St. Petersburg demanded that the blockade of Leningrad be recognized as a crime against humanity, a war crime and genocide of the Soviet people. The Nazis destroyed more than 1 million Soviet citizens in Leningrad. These facts are confirmed by numerous archival documents, including photo chronicles, and the testimonies of Leningrad residents.

Recognition of the blockade as genocide will allow Russia to put forward claims against the aggressor countries. And this is not only Germany, but also Finland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway (SS volunteer legions), Spain (“Blue Division”), Latvia (Latvian punitive units). Genocide is considered a war crime without a statute of limitations.

As a result, the blockade survivors and their relatives and descendants will be able to rightfully file a claim with the government of Germany or Finland and receive compensation. For international lawsuits and for similar appeals of citizens, state bodies are responsible - the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Justice and the Prosecutor General's Office.


Victims of the first German shelling of Leningrad on Glazovskaya Street. September 1941
Author:
Photos used:
http://waralbum.ru/
37 comments
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  1. T.A.V.
    T.A.V. 22 September 2022 06: 13
    +5
    It's high time to do this. What our people experienced in that war cannot be called otherwise. Only genocide
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 22 September 2022 06: 21
      +5
      Quote: T.A.V.
      What our people experienced in that war cannot be called otherwise. Only genocide
      The last photo is so reminiscent of the current shots of Ukrainian shelling of the cities of the LDNR ... Nazi creatures do not change with time.
    2. Zakirov Damir
      Zakirov Damir 22 September 2022 15: 15
      -3
      Quote: T.A.V.
      It's high time to do this. What our people experienced in that war cannot be called otherwise. Only genocide

      The first question: "Why now? What prevented the democratic authorities of the Russian Federation from doing this earlier, immediately after the collapse of the" scoop "?

      Question two: "What prevented immediately after the "collapse of the scoop" from revealing the truth about Western Ukraine, the Baltic states and the wild number of collaborators from these territories?"

      The political moment came only in 2022, when a roasted rooster pecked at our State Duma, the Federation Council, the president?
      Good bite - everyone woke up at once!
    3. zenion
      zenion 23 September 2022 22: 02
      0
      Since the Marked One went to his underground creator, then consider that the surrender of Berlin to Germany is considered invalid. At the same time, we can consider something from the time of Tsar Tymk, when the land was thin, to return back to a country whose coat of arms is just the same as it was during the autocracy. Then it is not clear what claims this coat of arms can have and to the one with a sickle and a hammer. It can at the same time start the reckoning from the time of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, then the number of years of Russia will surpass all the countries of the planet and will reach the same level as the Jewish one. But this is not the fault of the present, but Lenin and Stalin.
  2. Nikolay Malyugin
    Nikolay Malyugin 22 September 2022 07: 00
    0
    The Soviet people knew all this very well. From books, from films. And if they continued to tell this after the 80s, we would be a different country.
    1. Plate
      Plate 22 September 2022 12: 58
      0
      Relevant information is available in history books and on the Internet. Everyone can easily find what they are looking for. Those who do not wish will not hear how you do not inform them.
      1. Xnumx vis
        Xnumx vis 22 September 2022 21: 55
        +1
        Quote: Plate
        Corresponding information found in history books and free internet access. Everyone can easily find what they are looking for. Those who do not wish will not hear how you do not inform them.

        There is a widely known story about how the famous Athenian hetaera Lamia once said to Socrates with a smile: “Admirers of your wisdom, Socrates, do not part with you. And yet I am stronger than you: after all, you cannot take my friends away from me, and I, if I want to, will lure yours to me. Socrates replied:It is quite understandable: after all, you are leading them down the mountain of vice, and I I make you climb the mountain of virtue, and this is too difficult a road».
        1. Plate
          Plate 22 September 2022 22: 10
          -1
          To be honest, I didn't understand what you were trying to say. That using freely distributed information on the Internet and materials from textbooks is the path of vice?
          1. Xnumx vis
            Xnumx vis 23 September 2022 09: 25
            +2
            Quote: Plate
            I didn't understand what you wanted to say.

            I allegorically gave you to understand that the path to the difficult to know, requiring great moral effort, enhanced brain work is not interesting to the majority of the inhabitants. . And reading any Internet crap and beautiful fairy tales about hobbits is easy and in demand ...
            1. Plate
              Plate 23 September 2022 10: 01
              -2
              Labuda and beautiful fairy tales can be found with the same success in books with films. Again - who is looking for something, he will find it.
              1. Xnumx vis
                Xnumx vis 23 September 2022 10: 16
                0
                You about Ivan, and you about the blockhead ... am You and that is wrong and that is not right ... People need to be forced to learn to think and teach morality. How children are taught to write and read at school .. Only this must be done gradually , competently , persistently and constantly . It is not possible by order.
  3. Fat
    Fat 22 September 2022 07: 30
    +7
    In Kostroma there is a monument in an old cemetery. Children who did not survive the evacuation from Leningrad besieged by the Nazis. Candles are always burning there and toys are lying there .... We have not forgotten. Recognizing the actions of the Wehrmacht as genocide is the right step. You can't forgive this.
  4. Luminman
    Luminman 22 September 2022 07: 35
    +1
    The Poles are great in this regard - they have long wanted to "skin" Germany. And they do it right. We have much more losses and destruction. We also need to give the Germans a bill and, preferably, not a small one ...
    1. Viktor Sergeev
      Viktor Sergeev 22 September 2022 07: 59
      +1
      Why are they good? Those that fool ordinary people with nonsense about payments and lands?
      1. Luminman
        Luminman 22 September 2022 08: 32
        0
        Quote: Victor Sergeev
        Why are they good?

        And the fact that they demand from the Germans what we do not demand - money!
  5. Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 22 September 2022 07: 58
    +3
    The war of Germany against the USSR is a big genocide, stop talking nonsense about Leningrad, was it not part of the USSR? Or maybe the genocide was only in Leningrad, and it didn't happen in other regions?
  6. north 2
    north 2 22 September 2022 08: 31
    0
    Of course, there was a time when the USSR could do everything to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as a genocide. But, after breaking the blockade, it was Leningraders who themselves buried those who were found dead in houses and apartments, and in the forests and on bolts throughout the Leningrad region, even after Leningrad and the Leningrad region were liberated from the Nazis, hundreds of thousands of Soviet bodies remained abandoned and not buried soldier . Couldn't the Communists in power organize the burial of hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers who died in the forests and swamps of the Leningrad Region? So they left it. And when Khrushchev around the world boasted of flying to Gagarin's Cosmos, unburied Soviet soldiers rotted in bolts and in the forests near Leningrad. And when Brezhnev hung the Stars of the Hero for himself and took care of his praise in his own book "Small Earth", the no longer buried bones of the soldiers were hidden by the earth itself under the turf, moss and humus. And what, you wanted that these communists would move themselves with troubles to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as genocide? For at least forty years they could not even bury the remains of Soviet soldiers.
    Eight ten years have passed since the siege of Leningrad, when there was no doubt about the genocide of the Soviet people. It is possible that it is better later than never to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as genocide.
    That's why they didn't recognize it before, that's the question! Although, having hung himself with the Golden Stars of the Hero, the author of "Small Earth" for the whole USSR once stated that "No one is forgotten, nothing is forgotten!" Maybe he meant himself?
    ps
    and Stalin also had plenty of time to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as genocide ...
    1. Viktor Sergeev
      Viktor Sergeev 22 September 2022 08: 37
      0
      Well recognized and what will be easier? What are the consequences of this useless act?
      1. north 2
        north 2 22 September 2022 08: 58
        +1
        my entire comment boils down to the idea that it was necessary to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as genocide much earlier. That is, immediately after the Victory, or at least in Khrushchev's or Brezhnev's time. And my words that better late than never,
        I ask you to accept it as a call to avoid comedy, because if this idea comes to someone’s mind in another eighty years, then it will really be a comedy ... Now this “concern” may not look so false, but I agree with you, about the futility of such an act. Should have done this at least XNUMX years ago.
    2. Luminman
      Luminman 22 September 2022 09: 49
      +1
      Quote: north 2
      That's why they didn't recognize it before, that's the question!

      They did not want to spoil relations with the then GDR. On the contrary, we returned the GDR back to the machine tools that were taken to the USSR immediately after the war ...
    3. Fat
      Fat 22 September 2022 13: 57
      +1
      hi Vidas. A lot of things would have had to be reconsidered by the Central Committee at that time. All the leaders of the Zhdanov convocation were repressed ... And ... yes, the allied "bombing" of Dresden would have to be recognized as a war crime. Lots of skeletons in our closets. But something is worth and pull out sad
      Be direct - not a comedy - a farce. We know and remember. It's enough.
      1. Luminman
        Luminman 22 September 2022 16: 39
        +3
        Quote: Thick
        And ... yes, the allied "bombing" of Dresden would have to be recognized as a war crime

        This was the crime. Is not it?
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 22 September 2022 08: 41
    +4
    It's time for the State Duma to decide on the genocide of the Russian people in Leningrad during the Second World War.
    My maternal grandmother's sister lived in Vyborgsky Prospekt, house 37 sq. 481 (where is the Vyborg department store), in the house there are 500 communal apartments, 3 rooms each, you can count how many people lived there. Baba Dasha survived the blockade, no more than 20 living people remained in the house. Her two brothers died, one at the Pulkovo Heights, the second near Ropsha.
    Eternal memory to the people who died in Leningrad, from the genocide of the Nazi invaders - there is no forgiveness, these children of Satan.
    1. north 2
      north 2 22 September 2022 09: 38
      0
      dear Vlad!
      the liberal Duma is now doing everything to replace the words "Russian people" with the words "Russians". And the liberal public is doing everything to replace the words "Soviet people" with the words "scoops" and "quilted jackets". Moreover, this liberal public also
      shakes and from the words "Russian people". You do not find what harmony there is between them and what unison there is between them! So the decision on the genocide of the Russian people, from these we are unlikely to wait ..
      1. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 22 September 2022 09: 47
        +2
        Quote: north 2
        So the decision on the genocide of the Russian people, from these we are unlikely to wait ..

        Yes, I also doubt that such a decision will pass, a lot of the pro-Western element is not sitting where they "should be sitting."
      2. Plate
        Plate 22 September 2022 13: 03
        0
        Quote: north 2
        And the liberal public is doing everything to replace the words "Soviet people" with the words "scoops" and "quilted jackets".

        I did not notice that in my eyes someone replaced the concept of "Soviet people" with "scoops" and "quilted jackets", honestly. And I don’t observe anything else that you describe in my personal life. Maybe there are some serious studies on this topic? What are you relying on.
  9. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 22 September 2022 09: 38
    +5
    It's high time to do this. And now the West has turned "everything on its head", showing its bestial face. History does not teach them anything, Or rather, those whom history has taught something have already died. Inhumans who have been taught have come to power in the West take revenge on us for the great year of Victory for us in 1945. It remains for us to win now. Otherwise, "all-weeds" will run around our cities and shoot, who remembers the Feat of the Fathers and Grandfathers, for the joy of the occupiers. This is already a reality in Bandera Ukraine, where Everything has been sold: the memory, conscience and honor of the People of the Victor. The enemy will be defeated and Victory will be ours! We have not been given anything else.
  10. gunnady
    gunnady 22 September 2022 09: 43
    -14
    The communists had a choice - to carry food or raw materials for factories to besieged Leningrad. We chose the second.
    1. balabol
      balabol 23 September 2022 21: 33
      +1
      There was no choice. Without the necessary raw materials, the production of military products could not continue. Everything for defense could not be brought into the besieged city. Or it was necessary to hand over your city?
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. balabol
          balabol 24 September 2022 20: 29
          0
          That is, do you agree that the outcome of the war is most important and that the decision was chosen in favor of this?
          Or do you think it's good when well-fed citizens without the ability to defend themselves would be captured and destroyed?
          About a face and a mirror explain, please in more detail.
          1. The comment was deleted.
    2. KVIRTU
      KVIRTU 24 September 2022 00: 29
      0

      Without raw materials, supplies of tools, components, how would defense enterprises work?
      1. The comment was deleted.
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. antivirus
    antivirus 22 September 2022 13: 22
    0
    I know it's not my fault that others didn't come....
  13. fiv
    fiv 22 September 2022 14: 45
    0
    Great article! I agree with every letter. But the destruction of the peoples of the USSR, and now the Russian Federation by the West, is now not considered genocide. When Victory comes, then we need to raise this issue together with the Donetsk one. Although now it is not harmful to remind from all the available mouthpieces of the Nazi coalition what they will answer for
  14. Former soldier
    Former soldier 22 September 2022 14: 47
    +1
    Quote: north 2
    my entire comment boils down to the idea that it was necessary to recognize the blockade of Leningrad as genocide much earlier. That is, immediately after the Victory, or at least in Khrushchev's or Brezhnev's time. And my words that better late than never,

    I understand why this topic did not appear either under Stalin or under Khrushchev. When the mess of war had just ended and new local wars broke out around the world, it was necessary to recover, and not make mutual claims. Claims are a small step towards a new war.
  15. place
    place 23 September 2022 14: 27
    +1
    The author's "according to various sources, from 600 thousand to 1.5 million" is a clear lie. Everything was exactly taken into account "at the time it is." Reliable data - only official - 600 thousand people. All the rest are just speculators who had no real opportunity to calculate anything. Or is there anyone here who believes in the ideological fighters for Truth among the liberals? On the number of those taken out for evacuation during the years of the blockade, more than 800 thousand people. - no gu-gu. The topic of evacuation - "not comme il faut" - is also understandable.
  16. balabol
    balabol 23 September 2022 21: 48
    +1
    "Russia's losses during the blockade of Leningrad ranged from 600 thousand to 1,5 million people."
    Let's be correct. The entire Soviet Union, the USSR, the people of the country lost up to one and a half million people during the blockade of Leningrad.
    And yet, the term "genocide" has become so often used that it has lost its significance. For Leningraders, Petersburgers, Petersburgers, the blockade is an immeasurably difficult and bitter page of life, death, and struggle. Each of them can tell his story about relatives and friends who survived.
    Maybe someone needs these legal recognitions of the genocide, but for us the blockade is much more.
  17. ivan2022
    ivan2022 24 September 2022 11: 14
    -1
    Quote: Former soldier
    .. I understand why this topic did not appear under either Stalin or Khrushchev. When the mess of war had just ended

    The thing is different. The fact that since 1998 the International Criminal Court in The Hague has been the international body of criminal justice, whose competence includes the prosecution of persons responsible for the genocide.
    Previously, there was nowhere to turn, but now formally there is where. And if they are already writing to us with might and main, then we need to write ourselves. So everything as it was before the officials do not care, the way it is today, but the situation has changed, heh ... heh ... there was a smell of The Hague in the air ........ after 80 years they suddenly remembered.