Military Review

Russian partisans in 1812. I. Dorokhov, D. Davydov, V. Dibich

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Russian partisans in 1812. I. Dorokhov, D. Davydov, V. Dibich

Article Russian partisans in 1812. "Flying detachments" of regular troops we began a story about partisan detachments operating in the rear of Napoleon's Great Army in 1812. We talked about Ferdinand Wintsingorod, Alexander Seslavin and Alexander Figner.


Now we will continue this story, and the heroes of our article will be other partisan commanders of that great year - I. Dorokhov, D. Davydov, V. Dibich.

Veteran of the Suvorov Wars



I. S. Dorokhov, portrait by D. Dow

Ivan Semenovich Dorokhov began to fight back in 1787. He served at Suvorov's headquarters and distinguished himself in battles with the Turks at Fokshany and Machin. During the Polish uprising of 1794, Dorokhov ended up in Warsaw (you can read about the massacre of Russians that took place in this city then in the article The Warsaw Matins of 1794). On that terrible day, April 17, Maundy Thursday of Easter week, Dorokhov led a company of soldiers. Within 36 hours, they fought off the superior forces of the rebels and managed to escape from the city. Then Dorokhov took part in the storming of the Warsaw suburb of Prague, which was led by Suvorov, who came to this city (see article The Prague Massacre of 1794).

In 1797, Dorokhov was appointed commander of the Life Guards Hussar Regiment, with which he took part in the campaign of 1806–1807. By the beginning of the Patriotic War of 1812, he was acting as the commander of the cavalry brigade of the First Russian Army and had already been awarded the Orders of St. George 4th and 3rd degrees, St. Vladimir 3rd degree, Red Eagle 1st degree. Cut off from the main troops of Barclay de Tolly, he was able to break through to the army of Bagration, in which his brigade fought at Smolensk. In the Battle of Borodino, he commanded four cavalry regiments that took part in the famous counterattack on the Bagration flushes. For his skillful actions in this battle he was promoted to lieutenant general.

In September 1812, he headed a large "flying detachment", consisting of a dragoon, hussar, three Cossack regiments and half a company of horse artillery. In one week, from September 7 to September 14, he managed to defeat 4 cavalry regiments, several infantry units, blow up an artillery depot and capture 48 officers and up to 1500 soldiers. And on September 27, his detachment captured Vereya: the French lost more than 300 people killed against 7 killed and 20 wounded by the Russians. 15 officers and 377 soldiers were taken prisoner.


Monument to I.S.Dorokhov in Verey

Later, Alexander I ordered to reward Dorokhov with a gold sword, decorated with diamonds, with the inscription: "For the release of Vereya." He never had time to get this sword. After his death in April 1815, at the request of the widow, instead of her, the family was given a sum of money equal to its value (3800 rubles).

It should be said that on October 11 Vereya was again occupied by Napoleon's troops retreating from Moscow. But to keep the city, to which the entire Napoleonic army was marching, as you understand, there was no way.

Dorokhov was the first to discover the movement of the French from Moscow. But I did not understand that the entire Great Army was on the march. Alexander Seslavin guessed about this and was able to determine the direction of its movement. Joining up with Dokhturov's corps, Dorokhov took part in the battle at Maloyaroslavets, in which he was wounded in the leg. The wound was so severe that Dorokhov never returned to duty. On April 25, 1815, he died in Tula and, according to his will, was buried in the Nativity Cathedral of Vereya.


Tomb of General I. S. Dorokhov

Hussar and poet



Much better known as a partisan commander Denis Davydov, a cousin of the famous Alexei Petrovich Ermolov. And his other cousin was the Decembrist V.L.Davydov, who was sentenced to 25 years of hard labor.

It is Denis Davydov who is considered the prototype of V. Denisov (the commander of N. Rostov in L. Tolstoy's novel "War and Peace"). From 1806 to 1831, Denis Davydov participated in 8 campaigns, but always emphasized that he was born exclusively for 1812. At the beginning of World War II, he had the rank of lieutenant colonel and was the commander of the 1st battalion of the Akhtyrsky hussar regiment.

The name of Denis Davydov is surrounded by many legends, some of which were invented by him. One of these legends says that once the estate of the Davydovs was visited by Suvorov, under whose command the elder Davydov served in the rank of brigadier. Seeing his children, the commander allegedly said that Denis would become a military man:

"I will not die yet, but he will win three victories."

And his younger brother Evdokim Suvorov allegedly predicted the career of a civilian official. But Evdokim Davydov Alexander Vasilyevich did not obey and made a good officer career, retiring with the rank of major general.


E. V. Davydov

As a lieutenant of the cavalry regiment, in the battle of Austerlitz, he received seven wounds: five saber, bayonet and bullet wounds. All European newspapers wrote about Evdokim's conversation with Napoleon in the hospital. The dialogue was as follows:

- “Combien de blessures, monsieur?
- Sept, Sire.
- Autant de marques d'honneur. "
(- “How many wounds, monsieur?
“Seven, your majesty.
- The same number of badges of honor ").

Another legend connects the sudden madness of the aged Field Marshal M.F.Kamensky, appointed commander of the Russian army in 1806, with the nighttime appearance of Denis Davydov. The drunken hussar officer urgently wanted military exploits, and he demanded from the field marshal to send him into battle.

Finally, the joke with the nose of Peter Bagration is known, which young Denis ridiculed in one of his poems, not yet knowing that he was destined to become the adjutant of this general. Bagration has not forgotten the epigrams. And in 1806, when he met, he said:

"Here is the one who made fun of my nose."

Davydov laughed it off, saying that he wrote this unfortunate poem out of envy - they say, he himself has a very small nose and is almost invisible.

Finally, the Davydov family owned the village of Borodino, in which one of the main battles of the Russian stories... But our hero did not take part in it - unlike his brother Evdokim, who was then wounded and received the Order of St. Anna, 2nd degree. Denis, on the other hand, immediately after the end of the battle for the Shevardinsky redoubt, at the head of the "flying detachment" consisting of 50 hussars of the Akhtyrka regiment and 80 Don Cossacks, separated from the army. The order on the formation of this "party" was one of the last, signed by Peter Bagration.

In 1812, the flying squads fought in different ways. Ivan Dorokhov and Alexander Seslavin, as a rule, entered open battle with enemy units. Alexander Figner either set up ambushes, in which detachments of local peasants often took part, or made dashing and always unexpected raids on the enemy camp.

Denis Davydov preferred secret raids in the rear, trying to disrupt communications and attack small groups of lagging enemy soldiers. In open battle with the enemy, he usually entered into an alliance with other partisans. An example is the famous battle at Lyakhov, in which the "parties" of Seslavin, Figner, Davydov and the Cossacks of the Orlov-Denisov raid detachment acted simultaneously. This operation was described in the previous article. The commanders of other "flying detachments" later asserted that Davydov did not like to take risks and only attacked a weaker enemy. He himself, in part, agreed with this, giving the following description of his exploits:

“Whole crowds of Frenchmen at one appearance of our small detachments on the high road hurriedly threw weapon».


L. Kratke. Retreat of the Grand Army

And here is a description of the meeting of Davydov's detachment near Krasnoye with the old guard of Napoleon, which he did not even try to attack:

“Finally, the Old Guard approached, in the midst of which was Napoleon himself ... The enemy, seeing our noisy crowds, took the trigger and proudly continued on his way, without adding a single step ... I will never forget the free tread and formidable posture of all kinds death of the threatened soldiers ... Guards with Napoleon passed in the middle of the crowd of our Cossacks, like a stop-and-go ship between fishing boats. "


V. Vereshchagin. “On the high road. Retreat, flight ... "

On December 9, 1812, Davydov's detachment occupied Grodno, on December 24, it merged with Dokhturov's corps. Following the campaign of 1812, he received two orders - St. Vladimir 3rd degree and St. George 4th degree.

During the Foreign campaign of the Russian army, Denis Davydov became the hero of a major scandal when, with three Cossack regiments, he cunningly forced the five-thousandth French garrison to leave Dresden. But, according to the agreement he concluded then, the French were able to safely leave this city. Meanwhile, the command was strictly forbidden to enter into negotiations with the commandant of the doomed Dresden and, moreover, to conclude agreements that would allow him to withdraw his troops from the city. Already known to us from a previous article, Ferdinand Vintsingerode removed Davydov from command and sent him to headquarters to await trial.

However, Alexander I repeated the aphorism of his grandmother Catherine II, slightly altering it:

"Be that as it may, but the winner is not judged."

For some time, Davydov remained with the army without a post, then was appointed commander of the Akhtyr hussar regiment, with which he took part in the "Battle of the Nations" at Leipzig.

Later he distinguished himself in the battles of Brienne and La Rotiere (here 5 horses were killed under him). In 1815, Denis Davydov again became famous throughout the army, ordering to confiscate brown cloth from the warehouses of the local Capuchin nunnery before the show in Arras: a new uniform was quickly sewn from it to replace the completely worn out old one. As a result, his regiment stood out favorably from all the others. Alexander I, who learned about this, ordered the hussars of the Akhtyrka regiment to wear uniforms of this particular color.

Immediately upon returning to his homeland, Davydov begins to write "Diary of Partisan Actions in 1812". Then he became a member of the literary society "Arzamas" (receiving the nickname "Armenian" there). In 1820 he retired. But he returned to the army in 1826-1827 (military operations in the Caucasus). And in 1831 (he participated in the suppression of another Polish uprising). He died after suffering a stroke in April 1839.

As you can see, the real exploits of Denis Davydov in no way surpass the achievements of Seslavin, Figner and Dorokhov. Which, of course, does not detract from his merits. Just remembering about Davydov, one should not forget about other heroes of the partisan war of 1812.

Russian partisan from Prussia


Lieutenant Colonel V.I.Dibich 1st (Prussian by nationality, brother of the future Field Marshal Ivan Dibich) also fought in the Smolensk region and in Belarus. In August 1812 he was

"Detached from the corps of Count Wittgenstein, where he was the commander in the front posts, to the Minister of War Barclay de Tolly in the position of a partisan."

(Peter Khristianovich Wittgenstein, commander of the First Infantry Corps, covering the St. Petersburg direction).

Initially, his squadron included a squadron of the Orenburg Dragoon regiment under the command of Major Dollerovsky (50 people), Cossacks and Tatars (140), who were joined by 210 Russian soldiers who had escaped from captivity (9 non-commissioned officers, 3 musicians and 198 privates). Then he,

"Compelled by the duty of a partisan, he created a volunteer corps under his command in the Dorogobuzh area in August from the captured prisoners."

Thus, in his flying detachment were about two hundred deserters of Napoleon's Great Army - mostly Germans:

“I was appointed the chief of the partisans and made up a volunteer corps of foreigners in order to hold back this between Duhovschina and Vyazma to prevent the enemy from cutting off the communication line between Moscow and Polotsk and thus save the provisions between our Big Army and the count's corps from his attack. Wittgenstein "

- Diebitsch wrote later.

In the end, formed

"A team of over 700 well-armed and well-equipped people."

Neighboring landowners accused Diebitsch of exaggerated requirements for food and ammunition, and his subordinates (especially foreigners) of robbery and looting. Diebitsch, in turn, reproached the Dorogobuzh nobles for collaborating with the French and "leaving food and things for the loot of the enemy." And even in the transition to the service of the enemy and espionage.

As a result, Diebitsch was nevertheless recalled and removed from command of his detachment.

It is difficult to say whether Diebitsch's "party" was really distinguished by particularly violent manners, or whether it was the greed of the nobles who did not want to share their goods not only with the French invaders, but also with the Russian liberators. It should nevertheless be said that other commanders of partisan detachments did not have such acute conflicts with representatives of the local nobility, although their subordinates in their raids were supplied with everything they needed "independently", that is, at the expense of the population. It was probably the same in the quarrelsome and quarrelsome nature of Diebitsch.

The notorious Thaddeus Bulgarin recalled him:

“He was sometimes harmed by an extraordinary irascibility and some kind of inner flame that prompted him to continuous activity. During the last Turkish war (1828–1829), the Russians jokingly nicknamed him Samovar Pasha, precisely because of this eternal boil. This nickname, not in the least offensive, vividly depicts his character. "

In addition to the detachments listed in this and the previous articles, at that time other "parties" were active in the rear of the Napoleonic army.

Among them are the detachments of Colonel N. D. Kudashev (Kutuzov's son-in-law), Major V. A. Prendel, Colonel I. M. Vadbolsky (subordinate to Dorokhov), Lieutenant M. A. Fonvizin (future general, Decembrist, sentenced to 26 years in hard labor) ), Colonel S.G. Volkonsky (also the future Decembrist) and some others.


N. D. Kudashev, portrait by D. Dow


V. Prendel, portrait by Adolf Senff


I. M. Vadbolsky, portrait by D. Dow


M.A.Fonvizin, portrait by an unknown artist


M.G. Volkonsky, portrait by D. Dow

In 1813, large "parties" went abroad, headed by Benckendorff, Levenshtern, Vorontsov, Chernyshev and some other commanders who successfully operated in the rear of Napoleon's troops.

But, as they say, one cannot grasp the immensity, especially in short and small articles.
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 20 May 2021 06: 09
    0
    Guard, not guard. But these twelve languages ​​melted all the way to the Berezina.
    Each one, with its own merits and demerits, contributed.
    And when the enemy is running - how not to pinch off a piece.
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 20 May 2021 07: 28
      +4
      . Drunk the hussar officer urgently wanted military exploits, and he demanded from the field marshal to send him into battle.


      No, not like that: the Russian officer wanted to serve the Fatherland on the battlefield. In the afternoon, it is impossible to break through the crowds of petitioners to Kamnsky, and he entered him at 4 in the morning.
      The drunken state of the officer was attested only by the author of the article.

      And the officer achieved his goal and took part in battles with the French from 1807
      In the battle of Preussisch-Eylau, he was at Bagration, who appeared with his adjutant in the most dangerous and crucial areas. One battle, according to Bagration, was won only thanks to Davydov. It by oneself rushed to a detachment of French lancers and those, pursuing him, were distracted and missed the moment of the appearance of the Russian hussars. For this battle, Denis received the Order of St. Vladimir IV degree, a burka from Bagration and a trophy horse. The bravery of Denis Davydov in the campaign of 1807 was marked with the gold Preussisch-Eylau cross, the Order of St.Anna, 2nd class, gold saber with the inscription "For Bravery" and the Prussian Order of Dignity.

      This "clearly" "testifies" that, according to the author:
      Давыдов did not like to take risks and attacked only the obviously weaker enemy.
      ..
      that with the nose of Peter Bagration, which the young Denis ridiculed in one of his rhymes.
      A joke to Bagration liked... And he often, when it was reported to him that the enemy was "on the nose," asked again:
      “On whose nose? If on mine, then you can still dine, and if on Denisov, then on horses! "


      the village of Borodino, in which one of the main battles of Russian history took place. But our hero did not take part in it

      Accepted: Shevardinsky battle, part of the Borodino battle.
      Denis Davydov preferred secret raids in the rear, trying to disrupt communications and attack small groups of lagging enemy soldiers.

      Yeah:
      In October, Davydov's detachment defeated an infantry battalion, taking 200 prisoners, captured 41 trucks with food and a transport with uniforms for a whole regiment, again attacked the enemy chasing him, destroying about 800 soldiers and officers and taking the same number of prisoners. November 3, Davydov's detachment took three generals prisoner, up to 900 soldiers, four guns and a large baggage train. On the next day, a significant convoy was again repulsed and about 500 soldiers and officers were captured. In Kopys, Davydov defeated a large French cavalry depot and sent up to 900 captured soldiers to the rear, occupied Grodno, etc.

      As you can see, the real exploits of Denis Davydov in no way exceed the achievements of Seslavin, Figner.

      as we can see, the author simply does not know that Davydov performed feats during much more wars and battles than the same Seslavin and Figner: starting to fight in 1807, he finished fighting as much in 1831 g, after the OV, he fought in the Caucasus, with Iran and with the Poles.

      Napoleon knew and hated him and adored by all of Russia.
      Peter Vyazemsky

      To the partisan poet

      Anacreon at gunpoint
      Poet, swordsman, merry fellow!
      You with a lyre, a saber or a glass
      Equally you will not be trapped.
      Wear love and tribute to Mars!
      Your union is strong with glory:
      On the day of battle - you are a lover of abuse!
      On the day of peace - you are a favorite of the muses!
      The soul, warmed by double fire,
      Can't get cold in you:
      On the poet's flaming chest
      George is nice to mature
      .
    2. Richard
      Richard 20 May 2021 07: 37
      +9
      Lieutenant Colonel V.I.Dibich 1st (Prussian by nationality)

      This is a widespread misconception. The full name of von Diebitsch-und-Narten is German. von Diebitsch und Narten.
      The author banally confuses nationality with citizenship - his father Hans-Ehrenfried (Ivan Ivanovich, 1738 - 1822) was the Grand Adjutant of the Prussian King Frederick the Great, transferred to the Russian service in 1792, took Russian citizenship and became a Major General. Hence the author's mistake
      This is not a Prussian, but a Silesian family.
      Diebitsch is a Russian and Silesian county and baronial family originating from Silesia, where their ancestor, Friedrich von Devich or Diebitsch (v. Dewitsch, Diebitsch), was the chamberlain of Duke Ludwig II of Lignitzky (1435). Nikolai Gottfried von Diebitsch received the baronial dignity of the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1732. The Dibich family was suppressed in Russia in 1838.The barons and counts of Dibich were recorded in the matrices of the nobility of Russia, Silesia and all three Baltic Russian provinces
      links:
      1. General Herbovnik of noble families of the All-Russian Empire (Herbovnik, X, 13 (St. Petersburg, 1900)
      \
      2.The nobility of Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia. Genealogical and Heraldic Collection
      3.Carl Arvid von Klingspor, Baltisches Wappenbuch
      (Coat of arms of the chivalry of Livonia, Estonia, Courland and related noble families)
      1. Astra wild2
        Astra wild2 20 May 2021 09: 04
        +4
        Sorry, but Silesia and Prussia are areas in Germany. As we have: Ryazan or Saratov regions. I am from Saratov, my brother is in Ryazan. Vera "Astra" half-Moldovan woman
        1. Richard
          Richard 20 May 2021 09: 12
          +6
          Sorry, but Silesia and Prussia are areas in Germany. As we have: Ryazan or Saratov regions

          Good morning hi
          Today, yes, but before the unification of Germany on January 8, 1871, these were different states. The author writes about 1812
          Vera "Astra" half-Moldovan woman

          So Vera is "Astra". And you, Astra wild2, what is your name?
          1. Astra wild2
            Astra wild2 20 May 2021 10: 14
            +4
            Dmitry, Astra and Astra wilde 2 I am alone. It was Katka the Piglet that climbed in again. She is very fond of materials on history, but does not want to register.
            We'll beat her!
            1. vladcub
              vladcub 20 May 2021 13: 22
              +3
              "guys, let's live together" (c)
              The site does not fade if Katka or Sanka reads without registration
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 20 May 2021 13: 26
              +1
              Good afternoon, Vera. love
              That’s why I was surprised earlier that under this nickname it was as if two different people were present. Now it is clear.
              We'll beat her!

              Beating, of course, is not pedagogical, but in other cases it is simply necessary. laughing
              1. Korsar4
                Korsar4 20 May 2021 14: 56
                +1
                This is the cost of fighting for one smartphone and one account.
                Lead to diversity.
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 20 May 2021 15: 23
                  +1
                  Who we had there was about Comrade. Janus?
                  1. Korsar4
                    Korsar4 20 May 2021 15: 34
                    +1
                    The snake of Gorynych cannot be forgotten.
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 20 May 2021 15: 36
                      +1
                      Yes, a legendary person. smile
                      1. Astra wild2
                        Astra wild2 20 May 2021 17: 56
                        +2
                        In fact, Gorynych could have up to 9 heads
                      2. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 20 May 2021 18: 57
                        +2
                        And at the Miracle Yuda and up to twelve.
                      3. hohol95
                        hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 38
                        +1
                        Up to 12, like months ...
                        I remember how Ivan and the Gray Wolf "set Kashchei's brains" in the first cartoon.
                      4. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 20 May 2021 19: 59
                        0
                        The wolf is good there. These are the ones who take the rap for everyone.
                      5. hohol95
                        hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 02
                        +1
                        Wolf. He's Gray. He - "I am the Wolf, I am the Wolf ..."
                        But sometimes Ivan could also "make a cannon" out of an opponent!
                      6. Korsar4
                        Korsar4 20 May 2021 22: 30
                        +1
                        The main thing is to set the right tasks for yourself from childhood.
                  2. Astra wild2
                    Astra wild2 20 May 2021 20: 32
                    0
                    Good evening, Alyosha. I will remind something of this cartoon
                  3. hohol95
                    hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 33
                    +1
                    Ivan Tsarevich and the Grey Wolf. From the studio "Melnitsa" in 4 parts.
          2. Korsar4
            Korsar4 20 May 2021 18: 58
            +1
            “And from them was the Three-headed Serpent
            And his servant is a vampire "(c).
          3. Catfish
            Catfish 20 May 2021 19: 04
            +2
            "And also coveted our women!" (C)
          4. Korsar4
            Korsar4 20 May 2021 19: 21
            +2
            "Koschey himself (he could have done it before - hand-to-hand)
            He dried up and withered from love for the queen ”(p).
  2. hohol95
    hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 21
    +1
    Janus is not up to the many-sided BRAHMA! There are not many faces.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 20 May 2021 19: 30
      +1
      There are not many faces.

      And there are not enough hands.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 36
        +1
        Hindus are such inventors. But the rest of the peoples did not lag behind. In the pagan pantheons, who just did not sit up! And all at the same time could turn into animals at the same time of the opposite sex. The Scandinavian Loki sinned like this. Once he turned into a mare to seduce a magic horse and from entoy love then came the stallion Sleipnir !!! About 8 hooves !!!
  3. hohol95
    hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 27
    +2
    And Madame Hecate is credited with "trinity". She was an interesting person. She was identified with the world of the dead and at the same time bestowed good luck in battle.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 20 May 2021 20: 05
      +2
      Nice girl.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 08
        +1
        The main thing is that it brings good luck to those men who worship her ...
        They write to her they sacrificed dogs.
        Not cats!
        Dogs were considered the beasts of Hecate by the Greeks!
      2. Catfish
        Catfish 20 May 2021 20: 13
        +2
        Cats cannot be sacrificed!
      3. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 15
        +1
        Again "Valerianovka on a maniac"? Or belay C2H5OH?
      4. Catfish
        Catfish 20 May 2021 20: 23
        0
        The hippopotamus seemed to be consuming vodka with a mushroom. smile drinks
      5. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 25
        +2
        drinks and he offered the ladies alcohol.
        They are like cats. Eh. Go to the yard. Catch a cat. Call him "Behemoth" and have a drink with him ... drinks Eh ...
      6. Catfish
        Catfish 20 May 2021 21: 19
        +1
        And my Lucky is hanging out somewhere in the garden, the mosquitoes to him in fig. smile drinks
      7. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 21: 21
        +1
        Thick coat probably saves.
      8. Catfish
        Catfish 20 May 2021 21: 23
        +2
        Most likely. Today, thank God, it is cooler, so it enjoys. Hunter, damn it. smile
      9. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 21: 26
        +1
        Let him walk - he is a Cat and walks wherever he pleases ...
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 20 May 2021 17: 26
    +2
    Once Zulka also left a comment. Katka is just the most impudent
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 20 May 2021 18: 57
      +1
      I won't be surprised if there are more companions.
  • Senior seaman
    Senior seaman 20 May 2021 09: 44
    +8
    Not really. At that moment, Silesia was divided into three parts. One in Prussia, the other in Austria and New Silesia as part of the Duchy of Warsaw. But the fact is that in those days the Prussian and the German were not entirely synonymous. And this difference was very clearly understood.
    1. Richard
      Richard 20 May 2021 10: 10
      +3
      Great clarification. You, Ivan, are as always on top good
    2. Astra wild2
      Astra wild2 20 May 2021 10: 33
      +5
      Sailor, in this case I agree with Katka: both Silesians and Prussians and Westphalians, they all spoke and speak the same language, but the same root. Like our appanage principalities: Ryazan, Tver or Vladimersky - one people, but for the sake of ambitions, local elites were divided
      1. Senior seaman
        Senior seaman 20 May 2021 11: 20
        +5
        Uh ... they would just call him German, no question. But they called him a Prussian. You don't call Tver citizens Muscovites, although Tver was annexed to Moscow at the end of the XNUMXth century.
    3. Astra wild2
      Astra wild2 22 July 2021 07: 17
      -1
      Initially, the Prussians were pagan Slavs, but by the will of fate they became Germanized
      1. Senior seaman
        Senior seaman 22 July 2021 08: 46
        0
        Quote: Astra wild2
        The Prussians were originally Slavs

        There is such a version, but rather all the same Balts. Relatives of modern Lithuanians, more precisely, of their ancestors.
        But it’s not that important now.
        1. Astra wild2
          Astra wild2 22 July 2021 21: 38
          0
          On TV, a few years ago, they said: a small Slavic nation "Luga (?) Sorbs" lives in Germany. Allegedly related to the Prussians.
          Zulka told me about sorbs. I once read about the Prus. And Badigin writes that they are relatives of the Lithuanians. At least that was the case in the 14th century.
  • hohol95
    hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 28
    +1
    If you want to be beautiful - go to the hussars! hi
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 20 May 2021 19: 41
      +1
      "Ah, these hussars! Mom, a thunderstorm burns my heart!
      Ah, these horses, these spurs, these eyes!
      Shine with pressure, gaze, courage full of hearts!
      Ah, these bullies, these uniforms, and shako! "(C)
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 20 May 2021 19: 59
        +1
        Every hussar is a bouncer! But not every braggart is a hussar!
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 04
          0
          "If the war, go to the marines" (C)
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 05
            +1
            And what about the rationale? Will there be more seafood in the diet or will they teach to swim?
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 08
              0
              They will teach you how to die correctly.
              1. hohol95
                hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 10
                +1
                This can be taught not only in the Marine Corps. It's a pity no one can teach you to resurrect ... crying
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 17
                  +1
                  "Our dead, we will not be left in trouble,
                  Our fallen as sentinels "(C)
                  Alexey, has something happened?
                2. hohol95
                  hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 21
                  0
                  Not. It's okay. Let's live as long as possible. And raise children.
                  Peaceful sky.
                  And then from all sorts of news "it seems" that the world is heading towards an outrageous "global nix". And the common man does not need this.
                3. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 25
                  +1
                  Not. It's okay.
                  Well and good!
                  And then from all sorts of news "it seems" that the world is heading for an outrageous "global nix"
                  And it is inevitable.
                4. hohol95
                  hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 28
                  +1
                  Here you go.
                  Stocks up again from "Sprat in Tomato Sauce" and "Instant Vermicelli".
                5. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 33
                  +1
                  Useless. The only thing that has value on this planet is pure fresh water.
                6. hohol95
                  hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 37
                  +1
                  Water ... This can be a problem. You cannot store it for a long time without a decent investment in your own well. I remember the movie "The Book of Eli". The one who owned the water in that film was in command.
                7. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 44
                  +2
                  Water ... This can be a problem.
                  They are already there.
                8. hohol95
                  hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 50
                  +1
                  They have always been. And they will.
                  Ethiopians and Egyptians quarreled over platinum. Kyrgyz with Tajiks because of the water distribution point. Etc.
                  The Middle East has been fighting for water throughout its entire history. Like Africa.
                9. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 55
                  +1
                  They have always been.
                  Once there were, once - no. But now an understanding is coming: hydrocarbons are unmeasured, and water is a finite amount.
                10. hohol95
                  hohol95 20 May 2021 21: 02
                  +1
                  I am sure that primitive people fought for springs with good water.

                  To a man without water -
                  And neither there nor syudy!
                11. Korsar4
                  Korsar4 21 May 2021 07: 02
                  +1
                  It is only interesting how the structure of energy sources is being transformed.
                12. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 21 May 2021 09: 57
                  +1
                  Probably nuclear fusion (?)
                13. Korsar4
                  Korsar4 21 May 2021 10: 21
                  +1
                  The production of hydrogen from water is now being actively promoted.
                  And a colossal number of "carbon" projects continues.
                  We will not have time to look back - the world is different.
        2. hohol95
          hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 53
          +1
          On VO there was an article about battles for water back in 2010. Sechas the search engine issued - Wars for water.
        3. Korsar4
          Korsar4 21 May 2021 07: 01
          +1
          The second daughter worked a little and even wanted to write a diploma on the problems of water shortage. Then she changed the subject.
    2. Korsar4
      Korsar4 21 May 2021 07: 00
      +1
      That is why I rejoice at every rain and every well.
  • Senior seaman
    Senior seaman 20 May 2021 22: 03
    +2
    Clever in the artillery, drunkard in the navy, dandy in the cavalry, and wow in the infantry! :)))
    1. hohol95
      hohol95 20 May 2021 22: 08
      +1
      However, the army has been keeping to the "fools" since ancient times. soldier
  • Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 22 July 2021 04: 13
    0
    Specify what period of history you are claiming?
  • Richard
    Richard 20 May 2021 08: 00
    +10
    Dear Author, unfortunately there are a lot of errors in the article

    This portrait by D. Dow, in which not Mikhail Grigorievich Volkonsky, but his brother Sergei Grigorievich
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 20 May 2021 10: 36
      +5
      This portrait by D. Dow, in which not Mikhail Grigorievich Volkonsky, but his brother Sergei Grigorievich

      It's true. hi
    2. Undecim
      Undecim 20 May 2021 10: 45
      +5
      There are really a lot of mistakes.
      It was probably the same in the quarrelsome and quarrelsome nature of Diebitsch.
      The notorious Thaddeus Bulgarin recalled him:

      Thaddeus Bulgarin remembered not about him, but about his brother, Count Ivan Ivanovich Dibich-Zabalkansky.
      The late Count I. Idibich was extremely kind-hearted, had an extraordinary mind, deep, varied knowledge, and passionately loved enlightenment, i.e. science and literature. He was sometimes harmed by an extraordinary irascibility and some kind of inner flame that prompted him to continuous activity. During the last Turkish war, which glorified his name by crossing the Balkans, the Russians jokingly nicknamed him Samovar Pasha, precisely because of this eternal boil. This nickname, not in the least offensive, vividly depicts his character. It is remarkable that this nickname is not new. Once Diebitsch, in a dispute with the meek and quiet Broglio about the Seven Years' War, inadvertently mentioned the Battle of Rosbach, in which, as you know, the French were defeated by Frederick P. Broglio, he was offended and fell silent, but in the absence of Diebitsch expressed his displeasure with Lanting. "Do not take this in a bad way," Lanting said: "Diebitsch is the kindest soul, and had no intention of offending you. But he always boils like a samovar, and you need to approach him carefully so as not to burn yourself with the spray!" Comparison of Diebitsch (short, stout, with a short neck and high shoulders) with a samovar seemed so amusing to everyone present that everyone burst out laughing, and Broglio was the most. After that, when Diebitsch's name or when I met him, I always recalled this joke, and was very surprised when I heard this comparison repeated many years later!
  • Richard
    Richard 20 May 2021 08: 05
    +7
    Under an amnesty on August 26, 1856, Volkonsky was allowed to return to European Russia (without the right to reside in capitals). At the same time, the nobility was returned, but not the princely title. Of the awards, at a special request, the military order of St. George, the Cross for Preussisch-Eylau and the commemorative medal of 1812 were returned to him (these awards he especially valued).
    a photo S.G. Volkonsky in old age (1864).

    a photo commemorative medal of 1812
  • Astra wild2
    Astra wild2 20 May 2021 08: 54
    +6
    Colleagues, good morning. Now we are starting to read Valery.
    Girlfriends take away the phone
  • Richard
    Richard 20 May 2021 09: 46
    +7
    Viktor Antonovich Prendel is generally an extremely interesting character and deserves a separate article.
    Fig. from an engraving by K.G.Geisler. 1813 g.
    "V. A. Prendel military commandant of Leipzig"

    Major General. Brave cavalryman. From 1804 to 1813, he took part in almost all major battles. A dashing partisan. SEIV Special Assignment Diplomat, who speaks Latin, French, German, Italian, Hungarian, Russian, Polish, and English. The scout for whose head Napoleon established a reward. Among his many other awards, he had the extremely rare "scarlet" Order of St. George of the 4th degree, granted to him on December 25, 1828 for the irreproachable length of service of 25 years in the officer's ranks for the good of the Fatherland (No. 4217 according to the Grigorovich-Stepanov cavalry list), worn around his neck along with the order of V. George 3rd degree.

    Prendel left behind the glory of an intelligent, dexterous, courageous partisan and political agent who despised all dangers. His head was appreciated by Napoleon and, however, he eluded the enemy everywhere. For about four years he traveled around France and other European powers conquered by Napoleon, visited Paris many times, where he often lived for a considerable time and sometimes even penetrated the palace. He often summoned the enemy in search of him and did not miss an opportunity to annoy him. So, in 1813, intercepting couriers and mails going from France to the army, he sent dispatches of insignificant content to Napoleon's main apartment, applying his own seals to them, most often - a seal depicting a Cossack with a lance and a signature in German "Privileged Cossack post office ".
    link: 1911 -1915 edited by Colonel of the General Staff V.F. Novitsky
    1. Richard
      Richard 20 May 2021 10: 24
      +1
      I apologize for the annoying omission in the link of my previous comment. Should read - link: Military Encyclopedia of Sytin 1911 -1915, edited by Colonel of the General Staff V.F. Novitsky
  • Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 20 May 2021 11: 06
    +13
    I liked the article. Restrained, dynamic, informative. Maybe not without mistakes, but that's why the commentators are going to correct the author, if anything.
    There is no doubt that all the heroes, both of this and of the previous articles, were personally brave, initiative and responsible as commanders, so that they deserved their awards and the memory of descendants in full.
    Actions in isolation from the main forces on enemy communications are a separate type of military art that requires certain qualities, the manifestation of which in a positional, "regular" war is not always appropriate. Here it is not required to "fight to the death" to the last soldier, it is not required to go into the attack under enemy fire, regardless of losses.
    Dorokhov handed over to Napoleon Verey, and Davydov let the same Napoleon through his orders - who will blame them for this? Should you have fought, putting your people in battle against superior forces, earning your own glory with someone else's blood?
    They did everything right - their task is to beat individual parts of the enemy, creating for this a temporary local advantage, primarily numerical. And, of course, the surprise of attacks, the daring in their implementation, the high level of combat skill of the partisans are also integral parts of such a war.
    The main task of a partisan or a raider is not to seize and hold territory, but to suppress his communications. If the enemy, even without losing a single person, was forced to huddle together, squeezing to strong points, abandoning any sorties, if his communication, foraging was broken, then this is the fulfillment of its task by the partisan detachment. Everything else - killed enemy soldiers, captured prisoners, liberated settlements - are nice bonuses, which why not earn, if this does not go to the detriment of the main task.
    In short, thanks to the author, memory and glory to the heroes of the article. smile
    1. SERGE ANT
      SERGE ANT 20 May 2021 11: 41
      +12
      Quote: Trilobite Master
      I liked the article. Restrained, dynamic, informative.

      Join.
      Quote: Trilobite Master
      Maybe not without mistakes, but that's why the commentators are going to correct the author, if anything.

      Already)))
      it is impossible to grasp the immensity, especially in short and small articles.
      Author:
      Ryzhov V.A.
      So you can split the material into several parts, and then write at the end of each: "to be continued ..." grand merci for your work, Valery, write more often, do not disappear.
      1. Richard
        Richard 20 May 2021 13: 04
        +9
        Nice cycle. Thank you, Valery!
        If it's not a secret, what's next?
        1. VLR
          20 May 2021 13: 40
          +9
          From sunken cities:







          I wanted to put this article after the megaliths, but then I decided to give you a "break" from this topic smile
          1. SERGE ANT
            SERGE ANT 20 May 2021 13: 57
            +9
            It will be interesting! I hope there will be not only about Heraklion, who plunged into the abyss
            but also about our Mologa, Berdsk and Kalyazin!
          2. Trilobite Master
            Trilobite Master 20 May 2021 17: 09
            +6
            Quote: VlR
            From sunken cities:

            About Kitezh will be? smile
            Otherwise I can't figure it out: according to the Kitezh chronicler, Kitezh was founded in 6673 (1165 AD) by Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich, who was born in 1188 AD. Magic, not otherwise. A sort of Russian Hogwarts. smile
            In general, Valery, maybe the next cycle can really be devoted to the legendary cities, lands ... Hyperborea, Atlantis, Avalon, Shambhala, Kitezh, Lukomorye, Buyan Island, Tule ...
            I think you are the one who will succeed in such a cycle as well as possible. hi
            1. Korsar4
              Korsar4 20 May 2021 19: 00
              +2
              Did they pass through the walls there? Did you find yourself on a horse? And argued with a self-assembled tablecloth?
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 20 May 2021 19: 13
                +2
                "So this is Kotovsky!
                The famous Bessarabian Robin Hood! "(C)
                1. Korsar4
                  Korsar4 20 May 2021 19: 26
                  +2
                  "Once, one sorcerer - a liar, a chatterbox and a giggle
                  I suggested it to her, as an expert on ladies' strings ... ”(c).
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 20 May 2021 19: 33
                    +2
                    "Your destiny, with your destiny,
                    Alas, I could not tie "(C)
                    1. Korsar4
                      Korsar4 20 May 2021 19: 37
                      +2
                      "Just wait a lot" (c).
              2. Trilobite Master
                Trilobite Master 20 May 2021 19: 50
                +3
                Quote: Korsar4
                Did they pass through the walls there?

                No, these are fairy tales.
                In Kitezh, from what is known reliably and precisely, the possibility of discrete contramotion was experimentally proved. smile
                1. Korsar4
                  Korsar4 20 May 2021 20: 02
                  +3
                  Was that where Hermione had an internship with the time flywheel?
                  1. Trilobite Master
                    Trilobite Master 20 May 2021 21: 32
                    +2
                    Quote: Korsar4
                    Hermione with the flywheel of time

                    Also fairy tales. stop These are all inventions of a crazy Englishwoman. You will still say that there are magic wands. smile
                    And the possibility of discrete countermotion was proved by Janus Poluektovich Nevstruev by conducting a corresponding experiment on himself. smile
                    1. Korsar4
                      Korsar4 20 May 2021 22: 33
                      +2
                      Umclidet, of course, is a device of a completely different nature of action.
                    2. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 20 May 2021 23: 15
                      +2
                      You will still say that there are magic wands.

                      Ask the Sea Cat, he will outline in detail! tongue He will also insert a picture ... what
                2. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 20 May 2021 20: 02
                  +3
                  Evono as it is called !!!
                  And I thought, just, "rewind the tape back" ...
                  1. Korsar4
                    Korsar4 20 May 2021 22: 33
                    +2
                    And not to sign in the Journal of Safety Engineering?
  • vladcub
    vladcub 20 May 2021 13: 07
    +10
    Comrades, happy holiday of our childhood. Happy Pioneer Day!
    Former standard-bearer of the Lena Golikov squad
    1. BAI
      BAI 20 May 2021 13: 34
      +7
      The holiday (already, of course, not for everyone) was yesterday.
      1. SERGE ANT
        SERGE ANT 20 May 2021 13: 58
        +9
        Never mind, we will get together next year, it will be an anniversary!
        1. vladcub
          vladcub 20 May 2021 20: 45
          +3
          "thumped without looking at the calendar" (c) mixed up the numbers. Old age is not a joy.
          Remembered the "bearded" anecdote
          Grandfather arrives with Bunny.
          - Old hag, why didn't she give you clean trousers?
          - From old age I completely lost my memory, what's in your hand?
    2. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 20 May 2021 23: 13
      +3
      Comrades, happy holiday of our childhood. Happy Pioneer Day!

      Svyatoslav, I didn't have time ... sad They were supposed to be adopted in the fall, and in August there was a coup ... request
      1. vladcub
        vladcub 21 May 2021 19: 22
        +2
        Nikolay, don't be sad: even if you didn't tie a tie, you were going to join, but for technical reasons it didn't work out.
        Astra with a Komsomol span may still have comrades. That they were going to become members of the Komsomol, but for "technical reasons" did not work out.
        By no means all that were pioneers or Komsomol members corresponded to the high rank: PIONEER, "KOMSOMOLETS"
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 22 May 2021 20: 23
          +1
          You were about to join, but for technical reasons it did not work out.

          Then everyone gathered, Svyatoslav ...
          That they were going to become members of the Komsomol, but for "technical reasons" did not work out.

          Well .... what can I say ... Okay. I think I had a wonderful childhood. Soviet.
          1. vladcub
            vladcub 22 May 2021 21: 23
            +2
            I AGREE. We had a wonderful childhood. However, in most cases, people believe that in childhood: "the sky was a dove, the grass is greener"
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 22 May 2021 23: 51
              +1
              However, in most cases, people believe that in childhood: "the sky was a dove, the grass is greener"

              This is yes. Children remember exactly that. The grass was greener.
              1. vladcub
                vladcub 23 May 2021 06: 24
                +1
                In some ways they are right: ecology before and ecology now are two big differences.
  • tank64rus
    tank64rus 20 May 2021 13: 44
    +5
    This is how the Russian Special Forces and Russian Partisans were born. Everything repeated in 1941-1945.
  • hohol95
    hohol95 20 May 2021 20: 31
    +2
    Dear Author! Is there any information about the actions of the sailors of the Guards crew in battles with the "Napoleonic liberators of Russian lands"?
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 20 May 2021 23: 12
      +2
      Is there any information about the actions of the sailors of the Guards crew in battles with the "Napoleonic liberators of Russian lands"?

      Alexey, how old! drinks EMNIP, the sailors participated in landings and reconnaissance in the Baltic States ... Correct if wrong.
    2. VLR
      20 May 2021 23: 13
      +2
      When retreating from Vilna, they marched in the rearguard of the 1st Army, destroying bridges behind them. During the pursuit - in the vanguard, directing the crossings. The artillery team is part of the guards artillery brigade. She distinguished herself in the Battle of Borodino.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 21 May 2021 05: 21
        +1
        It turns out that the sailors were just doing their combat work and did not make a lot of noise about it! Therefore, there is not much information about them. hi
  • Victor Tsenin
    Victor Tsenin 21 May 2021 00: 11
    +2
    > or it was the greed of the nobles who did not want to share their good not only with the French invaders, but also with the Russian liberators.

    I am absolutely sure that in this moment, there can be no other opinion.