Military Review

An opponent to be reckoned with. Self-propelled air defense systems IRIS-T SLM

25

While news Sections of numerous domestic news agencies and military analytical portals continue to dazzle with reports of episodes of successful combat use of the Pantsir-C1 anti-aircraft missile and cannon systems of the Russian Aerospace Forces and the Syrian Air Defense Forces against artisanal kamikaze drones used by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham militants from "Idlib gadyushnik", as well as Israeli stealth long-range tactical missiles Delilah-AL, details of the program for the development of a promising self-propelled medium-range air defense system IRIS-T-SLM Mk III, designed by engineers of the German military-industrial company Diehl Defense in close cooperation with specialists, remain almost unnoticed Australian company CEA Technologies.


Having carried out a cursory acquaintance with the main tactical and technical parameters of this promising anti-aircraft missile system (the maximum range of the targeted target is about 30 km, the interception height is 20 km, the speed of the missile defense system during the burnout period of the dual-mode solid propellant rocket charge is 3150 km / h), which is being prepared for the acquisition of operational combat readiness at the end of 2022 - beginning of 2023, one can come to the erroneous conclusion that in the course of repelling massive missileaviation enemy strikes IRIS-T SLM Mk III is not able to demonstrate the presence of any out of the ordinary advantages in comparison with our modernized ZRPK "Pantsir-SM / S2" and "Tor-M2U", which confirmed the highest anti-missile potential in the course of repelling the MRAU OVVS western the Syrian Army Strategic Infrastructure Coalition on April 7, 2017.

The visible potential of the promising IRIS-T SLM air defense systems gives particular urgency to the issue of developing and retrofitting the Tor-M2U air defense missile system and the Pantsir-SM / C2 air defense missile system with promising missiles with active radar and infrared seeker, as well as advanced anti-jamming AFAR guidance radars


Meanwhile, a detailed assessment of the design features and electronic architecture of the multifunctional detection / targeting radars CEAFAR assigned to the IRIS-T SLM Mk III complexes, as well as an analysis of the guidance and control systems of the IRIS-T missile interceptors, can literally overnight save us from biased and partly cheers. patriotic stereotypes about the total technological lag of promising air defense systems of Western European and American / Australian design from domestic self-propelled anti-aircraft missile and anti-aircraft missile-gun systems.


Radar architecture of the antenna post of the shipborne MRLS CEAFAR

In particular, the ground (self-propelled) modification of the CEAFAR shipborne multifunctional target designation / illumination radar system designed by the specialists of the Australian company CEA Technologies (despite the absence of rectangular AFAR X-band illumination modules CEAMOUNT X-band Illuminator, used exclusively for illumination of targets for anti-aircraft missiles RIM- 162A ESSM Block I with semi-active radar seeker) still has a 6-sided active phased array S-band of decimeter waves, which provides accurate target designation with medium-wave infrared seeker type IIR of short and medium-range IRIS-T air-to-air missiles in anti-aircraft modification.

In addition to the impressive throughput, both in terms of the number of targets tracked "on the way" (100-200 or more enemy air weapons), and simultaneously aimed at them IRIS-T missiles-interceptors (can reach 16-24 or more units), the six-sided antenna architecture The post of 6 symmetrically located AFAR canvases provides the CEAFAR radar with increased survivability in the "star raids" of anti-radar or long-range tactical missiles of the enemy.

This feature can be realized due to the partial 30-degree overlapping of the 90-degree azimuth sectors of the view of each of the 6 antenna sheets with the directional patterns of two "adjacent" AFAR-sheets.

As a result, in the event of a critical damage to the transceiver modules of one or two APARs, the directional patterns of neighboring APARs partially compensate for the azimuth scanning zones "lost" by the CEAFAR radar.

As for our "Pantsirey-SM / S2", absolutely any, even minor, damage to the transmitting or receiving arrays of PFAR guidance radars 1PC2-1E "Shlem" / 1PC3-E and radar detectors RLM SOTS (in the event of missile fragments hitting , PRLR and other SVN) is capable of disabling the radar guidance system of the air defense missile system, after which all hope will remain on the 10ES1-E multispectral optical-electronic sighting system, which has certain limitations when operating in difficult meteorological conditions.

A similar alignment can be observed in relation to the self-propelled military air defense system "Tor-M2U", which has a single-module low-element PFAR X-band guidance radar.


Mobile antenna post of CEAFAR radar in ground modification for target designation of missile-guided interceptors IRIS-T SL / SLM (without radar-"searchlights" illumination СEAMOUNT X-band Illuminator)

An equally significant range of tactical and technical advantages of the IRIS-T SLM Mk III air defense system is provided by the use of the anti-aircraft version of the short- and medium-range IRIS-T air-to-air missile.

With a gas-jet thrust vector deflection system in the nozzle compartment of the control module, a dual-mode solid propellant engine, and a decent design safety margin, the IRIS-T SL / SLM SAM interceptor is capable of overloads of the order of 60-65 G, providing interception of targets carrying out anti-aircraft maneuvers with overloads 27 –30 units.

The promising 9M338K anti-aircraft missiles of the Tor-M2U / M2KM complexes and the two-stage bicaliber missiles 57E6E of the Pantsir-S1 / SM complexes, equipped only with aerodynamic controls, provide the ability to perform maneuvers with overloads of 30–35 units. and 20-25 units. respectively, which allows you to intercept targets maneuvering with overloads of 15 and 10 G.

And this is not to mention the presence in the element base of the guidance systems of the IRIS-T SL / SLM missiles of medium-wave (3-5 microns) interference-proof infrared seeker, capable of selecting infrared signatures of targets against the background of infrared traps and optical-electronic countermeasures used, as well as intercepting warm-contrast objects hiding behind natural objects of the terrain.

To our great regret, the preservation of the traditional radio command guidance method (without the use of active radar and IKGSN) by the engineers of the Tula KBP and IEMZ "Kupol" in the weapons control systems "Pantsirey-SM" and "Torov-M2", firstly, excludes the possibility of using missiles 9М338К and 57E6E on targets hiding "behind the screen" of the terrain, and secondly, it limits the target data channel of the SAM / ZRPK 4 simultaneously intercepted air objects.
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  1. prior
    prior April 28 2021 12: 14
    -6
    I don’t understand, are we already starting to surrender? belay recourse
    In general, with such an outflow of engineering and scientific personnel from abroad, is it any wonder that someone is able to develop a decent air defense system.
    This is quite expected.
    1. Asad
      Asad April 28 2021 12: 18
      +7
      Well, I can't read this author! How hard everything is stated, I will wait for the comments, in them everything will be written easier and better!
      1. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik April 28 2021 12: 53
        +11
        The Germans and Australians are making a really cool short-to-medium-range air defense object system. The radars have 2 ranges X and S and several modules, missiles with AGSN and IKGSN capable of withstanding very large overloads. What makes this system truly capable of fighting modern missiles and glide bombs.
        On the other hand, the author points to the lag of the Pantsir and Tor complexes from modern realities, in particular, the radio command guidance method, aerodynamic missile controls and single-module radars. Their inability to deal with the means of destruction. Also, an extremely low opportunity to work in conditions of opposition and electronic warfare.

        I agree with the author's conclusion. Thor and Carapace stopped responding to modern threats. We need a deep modernization or the creation of new complexes.
        1. lucul
          lucul April 28 2021 23: 10
          0
          I agree with the author's conclusion. Thor and Carapace stopped responding to modern threats. We need a deep modernization or the creation of new complexes.

          They just stopped))))
          The whole difference:
          six-sided architecture of the antenna post of 6 symmetrically located AFAR canvases

          This is at IRIS-T SLM
          И
          SAM "Tor-M2U", which has a single-module low-element PFAR-X-band guidance radar.

          Which is still enough for the eyes.
          It's all about the secrets of the algorithms - the Germans took the path of physically increasing the power of the radars, and ours squeezed all the potential out of one module.
          The German air defense system will be several times more expensive than the Thor.
          Second feature
          SAM-interceptor IRIS-T SL / SLM is capable of realizing overloads of the order of 60-65 G, providing interception of targets carrying out anti-aircraft maneuvers with overloads of 27-30 units.

          And our
          ZUR 57E6E complexes "Pantsir-S1 / CM", provide the ability to perform maneuvers with overloads of 30-35 units. and 20-25 units. respectively, which allows you to intercept targets maneuvering with overloads of 15 and 10 G.

          What goals are there - for that weapon and sharpened, I do not see any problems for Russia to increase the power of our air defense systems. Everything is solvable.
          So far, this IRIS-T SLM is going gold in price, and it will not appear soon.
        2. Tonev
          Tonev April 29 2021 00: 42
          +1
          Quote: OgnennyiKotik
          I agree with the author's conclusion. Thor and Carapace stopped responding to modern threats. We need a deep modernization or the creation of new complexes.

          This is your invention and the author, due to ignorance of the characteristics of the PANTSIR-SM and Buk-M3 air defense systems.
    2. Tonev
      Tonev April 28 2021 19: 06
      -2
      Quote: prior
      In general, with such an outflow of engineering and scientific personnel from abroad, is it any wonder that someone is able to develop a decent air defense system.

      And why is Pantsir, Buk-M3 unworthy? They are far superior to the IRIS-T SLM air defense system.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh April 28 2021 20: 10
        +4
        Shell missiles do not have an active seeker.
        Only radio guidance from ground-based radar. Moreover, very weak.
        Buk-M is better.
        1. Tonev
          Tonev April 28 2021 20: 30
          0
          Quote: voyaka uh
          Shell missiles do not have an active seeker.
          Only radio guidance from ground-based radar. Moreover, very weak.
          Buk-M is better.

          Pantsir-SM parameters are classified. The detection radar detects targets with an RCS of 0,0002 square meters. This speaks of the power of the radar, since it detects such miniature targets as UAVs. SAM Buk-M3 - has an incredible probability of hitting air targets, equal to one, other radars in the world cannot boast of this.
          1. Tonev
            Tonev April 28 2021 21: 10
            0
            Quote: By Evgeny Damantsev
            With a gas-jet thrust vector deflection system in the nozzle compartment of the control module, a dual-mode solid propellant engine, and a decent design safety margin, the IRIS-T SL / SLM SAM interceptor is capable of overloads of the order of 60-65 G, providing interception of targets carrying out anti-aircraft maneuvers with overloads 27 –30 units.

            Missed the target. And the new Pantsir-SM hypersonic anti-aircraft missile will be able to hit the IRIS-T SL / SLM missile interceptor. Not. Here's your answer.
          2. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh April 28 2021 21: 23
            +6
            "The parameters of Pantsir-SM are classified. Buk-M3 has an incredible probability of hitting air targets, equal to one" ///
            ----
            The parameters of the Buk-M3 are classified. bully
            But according to the data I have, INCREDIBLE PROBABILITY
            destruction of air targets
            Buk-M3 doubled the unit laughing
            This is probably incredible!
            1. lucul
              lucul April 28 2021 23: 15
              -3
              The parameters of the Buk-M3 are classified. bully
              But according to the data I have, INCREDIBLE PROBABILITY
              destruction of air targets
              Buk-M3 doubled the unit

              Why do you all directly own "such data", and slept through the Crimea? ))))
              1. 3danimal
                3danimal 2 May 2021 03: 55
                0
                How could Israel sleep through Crimea?
          3. 3danimal
            3danimal 2 May 2021 03: 33
            0
            The method of guiding his missiles is not classified.
            Vulnerable to interference, making the whole complex vulnerable.
            For example, the SeaRAM short-range air defense system fires missiles with IR / passive radar seeker, which allows you to target the heat of cruise missiles and the radiation of their seeker.
            By firing a missile at a target at 0 ', you can turn around 90, 180' and attack targets there.
            11/21 missiles ready to fire, IR / optics / radar guidance.


            What prevents to take as a sample?
            There is a Verba MANPADS missile (9M336), equipped with an infrared tri-band optical homing head (OGS).
            We install its seeker on the "Pantsir" missile defense system and we get the implementation of the "let it go and forget it" principle.
            For very small purposes / self-defense, you can equip part of the ammunition directly with MANPADS missiles.
            Savings, unification.
            And pick up on ... his guns. Their effectiveness is still minimal, it is more to shoot at ground targets.
            The Kamaz platform deserves special "praise". With mediocre cross-country ability, a high center of gravity (there are many examples of the air defense system turning over to one side). Replace with caterpillar.
            If you need just cannon fire at air targets, then make a second vehicle, a kind of modern version of the Shilka, with a 30-mm six-barreled anti-aircraft machine gun GSh-6-30 (GSh-6-23).
            (The scheme with 2 anti-aircraft guns, spaced 2 meters apart, showed itself badly).
        2. lucul
          lucul April 28 2021 23: 13
          0
          Shell missiles do not have an active seeker.
          Only radio guidance from ground-based radar.

          It's much, much cheaper.
  2. rocket757
    rocket757 April 28 2021 12: 17
    0
    An opponent to be reckoned with. Self-propelled air defense systems IRIS-T SLM
    ... Who forgot what they forgot ... they did and will still do, serious air defense systems, for their army and for sale.
    It is problematic for barmalejs to buy such complexes, but we are not going to fight with someone who is more armed, especially according to favorable rules.
  3. knn54
    knn54 April 28 2021 12: 18
    +1
    Thor, Shell and Beech rolled into one.
    And when will the Morpheus air defense system appear?
    1. 210ox
      210ox April 28 2021 12: 49
      +4
      When the domestic element base appears at the level of modern electronics samples.
  4. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I April 28 2021 12: 53
    +9
    People! I want to share my joy! As soon as I started reading the article, something clicked and the inscription appeared on the internal display: "Yes, it's Damantsev!" Looked at the end of the article ... for sure! Damantsev! Damantsev's envious and ill-wishers say that Eugene "writes off everything from the Internet"! How can this be? After all, Eugene's articles are unwritten in the same style ... uniform and unique! Even I, seized with sclerosis of the second degree and absent-mindedness of the first category, began to recognize Zhenya by the first lines! I was ready to applaud E. Damantsev, but he began to "pour salt on the wound" ... he stepped on his "favorite mosel"! He spoke about zur with GOS and AFAR for "Pantsir" and "Torah"! Shikoko once (I apologize for my Sakhalin accent ...) I raised these questions on the pages of VO (!) ... Shikoko once mentioned crayfish in "3 re and 5 re" ... they say, let there be both others! But who have I convinced? I was "criticized" painfully and offensively! But now Zhenya Damantsev is with me! We'll tear everyone up like a hot water bottle! angry
    1. Professor
      Professor April 28 2021 12: 57
      +10
      Quote: Nikolaevich I
      People! I want to share my joy! As soon as I started reading the article, something clicked and the inscription appeared on the internal display: "Yes, it's Damantsev!"

      Slack wink I recognize him by the title of his articles. Further directly to the comments. It's more interesting to read them.
      1. Anzhey V.
        Anzhey V. April 28 2021 19: 11
        0
        I recognize him by the title of his articles. Further directly to the comments. It's more interesting to read them.


        Here is an absolutely similar situation - as soon as I see the title, I understand who is in action and right in the comments)
  5. Phoenix
    Phoenix April 28 2021 16: 05
    +2
    Damantsev ... The style is guessed from the first sentence.
    Comrade, stop "spamming" in appropriate and out of place terms. It is simply impossible to read your texts, for 5 words "about the essence", 20-25 words are superfluous ... For a long time and in no way I can not read your stories, although sometimes it is interesting what you write about there, but it is simply impossible to break through every time a stream of junk words, out of place for the terms used.
  6. Siegfried
    Siegfried April 28 2021 17: 16
    +1
    it is unclear why our friend China will not help us in matters of microelectronics. And in general, why not buy some components for weapons systems from China, like seeker missiles, communications and data transmission systems. Maybe they don't want to sell modern technologies to Russia? Then we have a problem. We can't do it ourselves, the West won't. Remains Asia and primarily China, maybe. other Asians also do not datut, or rather they will not be given.
  7. yfast
    yfast April 28 2021 19: 37
    -1
    can literally overnight save us from biased and partly hurray-patriotic stereotypes about the total technological backwardness of promising air defense systems of Western European and American / Australian development
    Our jingoistic patriots cannot be rid of stereotypes with such nonsense. Only with a face about a table.

    still has a 6-sided active phased array S-band of decimeter waves, providing accurate target designation by medium-wave infrared seeker type IIR of guided air combat missiles
    And the AFAR of the UHF range is apparently unable to provide accurate targeting to missiles without IR seeker (especially medium-wave!)
  8. 3danimal
    3danimal 2 May 2021 04: 01
    0
    ZUR 57E6E of the Pantsir-S1 / SM complexes, equipped only with aerodynamic controls, provide the ability to perform maneuvers with overloads of 30–35 units. and 20-25 units. respectively, which allows you to intercept targets maneuvering with overloads of 15 and 10 G.

    Wrong. For a rocket with 30-35 units Max target overload is 10-12 units, for a 20-25 units Max target overload will be 7,5-8,5 units.
    (For a confident defeat, the missile must be three times larger).
  9. Compasure
    Compasure 3 May 2021 15: 08
    0
    And why does the author compare IRIS with Armor and Thor, and not the S-350 Vityaz? Then the conclusions would be different.