Military Review

Lockheed's response to the deployment of the S-300V4 and the Knights. Do advanced anti-aircraft missiles from the Almaz-Antey Concern VKO fend off the threat?

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As you know, the acquisition of operational combat readiness by the promising medium and long-range air defense systems S-300V4 and S-350 "Vityaz" with their further intercession on combat duty as part of anti-aircraft missile regiments and brigades of air defense missile systems of the Aerospace Forces and Air Defense Forces of the Ground Forces, covering strategically important objects The Russian Armed Forces on the most missile-hazardous Baltic and Black Sea air routes, forced the expert communities in the US defense department, as well as specialists in the US command in Europe and the headquarters of the 6th operational fleet The US Navy will once again doubt the strike potential of both the aerospace attack weapons already deployed in the European conventional theater of operations, and promising high-precision missile models that are at various stages of development. weapons.


Thus, the integration into the S-300V4 and S-350 Vityaz ammunition sets of the latest 9M82MV and 9M96E2 / DM missile interceptors equipped with active radar seeker of the Slanets family (which do not need continuous illumination by means of centimeter continuous radiation radars located on the 9A82 / 83M4, as well as multi-functional radar 50N6A), provided the ability to confidently intercept ultra-low-altitude air attack weapons, the trajectories of which lie behind the "screen" of the radio horizon, or behind the "screen" of natural terrain objects relative to the above-mentioned divisional illumination / target designation radars (at a distance of 45-100 km and more and heights of the order of 20–35 m).

In this case, the target designation (coordinates of over-the-horizon objects) into the inertial navigation units (with subsequent loading into the on-board computer for controlling the active RGSN) of the 9M82MV and 9M96D anti-aircraft missiles will be issued either by third-party sources of radio-technical / optical-electronic reconnaissance, or by ground-based AWACS radars or on-board tactical radars fighters through protected radio channels of a two-way asynchronous data exchange line.

Anti-aircraft missile systems S-300V4 and S-350 "Vityaz" destroyed the stereotypes about the implementation of classical aerospace offensive operations, developed by the Pentagon and the NATO Joint Armed Forces


This tactical and technical advantage of the above anti-aircraft missiles (in contrast to the 48N6E / E2 missiles with semi-active RGSN complexes of the S-300PM1 / 2) will finally deprive the "outfits" of hundreds of "Tomahawks", stealth long-range tactical missiles AGM-158B JASSM-ER, and also Western European tactical missiles of the KEPD 350 TAURUS family of the possibility of hypothetical overcoming of the Crimean, Leningrad and Kaliningrad air defense zones A2 / AD due to the use of tactics of operating outside the sectors of view of divisional guidance radars (in low-altitude obscure areas of our airspace).

Equipping the 9M96E2 / DM super-maneuverable anti-aircraft guided missiles with "gas-dynamic belts" of transverse control engines will make it possible to level the key software algorithm for overcoming missile defense, which will be loaded into the INS of the advanced hypersonic operational-tactical ballistic missiles "Deep Strike" (brainchild of the "Raytheon" corporation) in the implementation of intensive anti-aircraft maneuvers at the terminal section of the trajectory with overloads of the order of 25-30G.

After all, the "gas-dynamic belts" of the moment-acting DPU allow the 96M6DM interceptor missile to maneuver with overloads of 65-70G during interception. Which is quite enough for effective counteraction to most of the known aerodynamic and ballistic aerospace objects.

In light of the above advantages of the S-300V4 and S-350 Vityaz anti-aircraft missile systems in general and the 9M96DM and 9M82MV missiles in particular, the information on the active training of the military-industrial giant Lockheed Martin published on the militaryparitet.com portal the day before (with the assistance of such subcontractors as Northrop Grumman, Dynetics and Electronic Concepts & Engineering) to the third stage of the development program for a promising two-stage OTBR with a hypersonic gliding unit ("equipment") "OpFires" does not cause a bit of concern either in the domestic expert circles nor in the reviewing communities.

And this is not surprising at all.

After all, the energy potential of the improved radars of the 9S19M4 "Ginger" program review (assigned to the S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile brigades) and the 50N6A multifunctional radars (the key element of the "Vityaz" air defense missile system), as well as the flight performance parameters of the 9M82MV and 9M96D missiles provide detection, "linking »And interception of hypersonic elements of high-precision weapons with a minimum effective scattering surface of the order of 0,01–0,02 sq. m and maneuvering with overloads from 15 to 25G.

The OpFires project challenges the Russian Aerospace Forces


Meanwhile, it is not so much the electrodynamic (EPR / EOP) and flight performance parameters of the hypersonic gliding unit (which is in an integral configuration only on the marching leg of the trajectory), but the type, speed and EPR, high-precision submunitions for individual guidance, to be used as cluster "equipment" OTBR "OpFires".

Considering the fact that, in accordance with the requirements of the US Department of Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the US Armed Forces, specified in one of the clauses of the 58 millionth contract for the development of OPFires between DARPA and Lockheed, the geometric configuration of the intra-hull compartment of the hypersonic glider block must ensure the integration of the widest range of combat elements.

In this case, we can talk not only about standard high-explosive fragmentation and cluster warheads with standard fragmentation submunitions (typical for the "equipment" of the ATACMS family of ATACMS) type M74 APAM or self-aiming BE P31 BAT, but also about alternative 60-mm planning small-sized guided ammunition type "Hatchet" (or their analogues).

As you know, the latter were developed by the American company "Alliant Techsystems" as part of the program for updating the ammunition of the MQ-1C "Gray Eagle" and MQ-9 "Reaper" strike and reconnaissance UAVs and boast an ultra-small effective reflective surface in thousandths of a square meter, not subject to reception -transmitting paths of multifunctional radars of most modern air defense systems (including S-300V4 and S-350 "Vityaz").

In the case of adaptation of Hatchets to use from the upper layers of the stratosphere and mesosphere at hypersonic flight speeds of 4,5-5M (thanks to the equipment with heat-resistant stabilizers / wings of high aspect ratio and fairings made of composite materials), their gliding range can exceed 200 km or more, while one gliding unit (2nd combat stage) "OpFires" can deliver about 300 SPBE "Hatchet" (or similar combat elements) to the final segment of the marching section of the trajectory.

Given the complete discrepancy between the target channel and the firing performance of the S-300V4 and S-350 "Vityaz" air defense systems, the number of attacking combat elements launched by the "OpFires" gliding unit (not to mention their negligible RCS), the priority task will be the early interception of the hypersonic glider block "OpFires" until the activation of the squibs and the beginning of the dispersion of self-aiming combat elements.

Its success will directly depend on the capabilities of the promising high-potential "Sky-M" radar systems, given to mixed anti-aircraft missile brigades as key sources of target designation, and on the capabilities of the 9М82МВ and 77Н6-1 long-range anti-aircraft missiles, representing the ammunition sets of the S-300В4 air defense systems and promising SAM S-500 "Prometheus".
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  1. Lech from Android.
    Lech from Android. 13 January 2021 05: 06
    10
    The eternal struggle of sword and shield. The Americans are constantly striving for their impunity in attempts to shoot the enemy at long distances without the possibility of retaliation. The United States must not be allowed to become an exclusive country. At what stage is this development of DARPA? Perhaps this is another attempt by the Americans to drag us into an arms race ... Intelligence must find out.
    Thanks to the author for the article.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 13 January 2021 05: 17
      10
      Quote: Lech from Android.
      The Americans are constantly striving for their impunity in attempts to shoot the enemy at long distances without the possibility of retaliation.

      Not the stupidest ambition.

      Quote: Lech from Android.
      At what stage is this development of DARPA? Perhaps this is another attempt by the Americans to drag us into an arms race.
      In our time, defense is much more complicated and more expensive than an attack, so a reasonable balance between air defense and strike aircraft / means is needed, and the "partners" should know that the "response" will surely arrive.
      1. NDR-791
        NDR-791 13 January 2021 06: 27
        +3
        "partners" should know that the "response" will definitely arrive.
        It is worth remembering the main thing - EVERYTHING !!! our troops in Kaliningrad are designed for only one purpose - to provide an attack on European command centers. Then, most likely, the remaining ones were given the task of making their way along the shortest path towards the advancing troops. No matter how we twist and be indignant here, but by and large we must admit that the majority of the group will be destroyed.
        1. Pilat2009
          Pilat2009 18 January 2021 09: 56
          +2
          Quote: NDR-791
          "partners" should know that the "response" will definitely arrive.
          It is worth remembering the main thing - EVERYTHING !!! our troops in Kaliningrad are designed for only one purpose - to provide an attack on European command centers. Then, most likely, the remaining ones were given the task of making their way along the shortest path towards the advancing troops. No matter how we twist and be indignant here, but by and large we must admit that the majority of the group will be destroyed.

          If you have the courage to use tactical yao, then everything is not clear. The enemy must know from the beginning that yao will be used
    2. Alex777
      Alex777 13 January 2021 14: 35
      0
      their planning range can exceed 200 km and more, while one gliding unit (2nd combat stage) "OpFires" can deliver about 300 SPBE "Hatchet" (or similar combat elements) to the final section of the marching section of the trajectory.

      Sounds ominous.
      The question is, how will these 300 SPEBs be guided?
      And the question is - how much will this pleasure cost?
  2. Jacket in stock
    Jacket in stock 13 January 2021 05: 11
    19
    Oh, this Damantsev.
    The whole brain will break down until you understand among this verbal husk what he was writing about.
    As I understand it, the author's idea is that it will not be possible to intercept "bullets" with heavy and expensive missiles, it is necessary to shoot down missiles with cluster warheads before the cassettes are deployed. And with a "bullet" range of 200 km, our anti-aircraft missiles need to be made even more (and even more expensive, respectively).
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 13 January 2021 06: 23
      0
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      Oh, this Damantsev.
      The whole brain will break down until you understand among this verbal husk what he was writing about.

      the devil knows how to wrap up the intrigue ... laughing
    2. URAL72
      URAL72 13 January 2021 09: 15
      +3
      What does the author think of dumping cassettes at Mach 4-5? Simpler and cheaper missiles with cluster warheads. They have been around for a long time.
    3. pmkemcity
      pmkemcity 13 January 2021 12: 39
      +3
      Quote: Jacket in stock
      Oh, this Damantsev.
      The whole brain will break down until you understand among this verbal husk what he was writing about.
      As I understand it, the author's idea is that it will not be possible to intercept "bullets" with heavy and expensive missiles, it is necessary to shoot down missiles with cluster warheads before the cassettes are deployed. And with a "bullet" range of 200 km, our anti-aircraft missiles need to be made even more (and even more expensive, respectively).

      "Mini Damantsev"!
  3. Thrifty
    Thrifty 13 January 2021 05: 12
    +4
    For that I respect Domantsev, his articles keep everyone in suspense, you read and think, what if the adversary will show up right now at 5 08 am Rostov time! It's time to run to the recruiting office, but I still haven't finished my coffee am lol No, seriously, a person knows how to present material in such a way that you understand that it is generally criminal to break up now, we can get our own "Karabakh" ...
    1. Lech from Android.
      Lech from Android. 13 January 2021 05: 37
      -7
      He fulfills his task of bringing knowledge to the masses with interest. hi
      1. Aerodrome
        Aerodrome 13 January 2021 06: 25
        10
        Quote: Lech from Android.
        He fulfills his task of bringing knowledge to the masses with interest. hi

        only knowledge is presented at the level of "Princeton" ... for the layman, almost indigestible material!
        1. novel66
          novel66 13 January 2021 07: 32
          0
          but it is necessary to read correctly!
        2. zwlad
          zwlad 14 January 2021 18: 58
          0
          Everything is digested normally.
    2. Vsepomni
      Vsepomni 18 January 2021 19: 06
      0
      Karabakh won't work. Russia is too strong and serious. It's always easier to defend
  4. Turist1996
    Turist1996 13 January 2021 05: 35
    12
    Having read only the title, I argue that the author is Evgeny Damantsev ?!
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 13 January 2021 06: 24
      +5
      Quote: Turist1996
      Having read only the title, I argue that the author is Evgeny Damantsev ?!

      ha ... it will be recognized once! yes
  5. storm
    storm 13 January 2021 06: 04
    +2
    It is written beautifully, but as always, everything rests on an insufficient number of S-300V4 anti-aircraft missile brigades, which exist one per military district, and the S-350 complex was adopted by the only air defense regiment in the Eastern Military District.
    1. Toucan
      Toucan 14 January 2021 07: 33
      +3
      The S-350 complex was adopted by the only air defense regiment in the Eastern Military District.

      The only incomplete set of S-350 air defense systems is located in the air defense training center in Gatchina.
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 13 January 2021 06: 18
    +1
    "competition", which in real life is not destined to take place, for objective, vigorous, reasons .... although, maybe, as before, somewhere on the side, at minor "Olympiads" ???
  7. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 13 January 2021 06: 51
    +6
    destroyed stereotypes about the implementation of the classic aerospace offensive operations developed by the Pentagon and the NATO Allied Forces
    It may be strange for some, but in recent years Russia has been destroying stereotypes not only of the Pentagon, but also of the American political establishment.
    Damantsev is good to read when the degree has not yet exceeded the norm and it suddenly seemed to you that you were beginning to think at the level of the great Greek philosophers.
  8. magdama
    magdama 13 January 2021 07: 10
    10
    Big request to the author Do not be overly smart! Your first sentence took up a whole not sickly paragraph! This is not accepted in Russian.
  9. mark1
    mark1 13 January 2021 07: 33
    0
    Recently, various publications have increasingly mentioned "Morpheus", to the extent that it was adopted (the sources are really dubious). Maybe someone knows something (from public information), but I missed something? I ask not as a spy, but for the sake of curiosity.
    1. storm
      storm 13 January 2021 07: 54
      +5
      Short-range anti-aircraft missile system "Morpheus"

      Its radius of action is 5-6 kilometers. The maximum target interception height is 3 kilometers.

      The ammunition load consists of 36 missiles.
      1. mark1
        mark1 13 January 2021 08: 31
        +1
        Thanks buddy. But I was then interested in the plan - is the project alive or dead. It was officially covered for an indefinite period, but then suddenly there appeared a photo of the supposedly "Morpheus" at the Khmeimim base, then a stuffing about its acceptance into service (muddy source), then a note about its installation on "Nakhimov" (the same turbidity), and the official there is no clarity.
        1. storm
          storm 13 January 2021 20: 45
          +2
          Sailors use the MORPHEUS air defense system during the modernization of Nakhimov ...

          I don't hear about the landings ...
  10. bad
    bad 13 January 2021 09: 15
    18
    Why fight with us? Resources management already sells.
  11. Undecim
    Undecim 13 January 2021 10: 54
    +7
    forced the expert communities in the US defense department, as well as specialists in the command of the US Armed Forces in Europe and the headquarters of the 6th operational fleet of the US Navy, once again to doubt the strike potential of both the aerospace attack assets already deployed in the European conventional theater of operations, and at various stages of development of promising high-precision missile weapons.
    I wonder how the author found out about these next doubts? Did Lisa Franchetti personally tell me, they say, vague doubts torment me, Mr. Damantsev ...
  12. Pavel57
    Pavel57 13 January 2021 11: 25
    +1
    It is not said at what range the submunitions are separated.
    And the author relies too much on an external target designation system for missiles with ARGS. In real conditions, it may not exist.
  13. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 13 January 2021 15: 41
    +9
    The whole article is only 15 sentences.
    But what offers! Each is a winding maze. belay
    And somewhere in the depths the meaning is hidden ...
    1. SovAr238A
      SovAr238A 13 January 2021 18: 14
      +4
      Quote: voyaka uh
      The whole article is only 15 sentences.
      But what offers! Each is a winding maze. belay
      And somewhere in the depths the meaning is hidden ...

      Don't look for a black cat in a dark room - she's not there!
  14. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 13 January 2021 15: 55
    +5
    Who else can express himself in 10 line sentences with a loss of meaning somewhere in the middle - Eugene ...
  15. SovAr238A
    SovAr238A 13 January 2021 18: 11
    +6
    In this case, the target designation (coordinates of over-the-horizon objects) into the inertial navigation units (with subsequent loading into the on-board computer for controlling the active RGSN) of the 9M82MV and 9M96D anti-aircraft missiles will be issued either by third-party sources of radio-technical / optical-electronic reconnaissance, or by ground-based AWACS radars or on-board tactical radars fighters through protected radio channels of a two-way asynchronous data exchange line.

    Where did the author find out about this?
    Or did he come up with something that does not exist?


    This tactical and technical advantage of the above anti-aircraft missiles (in contrast to the 48N6E / E2 missiles with semi-active RGSN complexes of the S-300PM1 / 2) will finally deprive the "outfits" of hundreds of "Tomahawks", stealth long-range tactical missiles AGM-158B JASSM-ER, and also Western European tactical missiles of the KEPD 350 TAURUS family of the possibility of hypothetical overcoming of the Crimean, Leningrad and Kaliningrad air defense zones A2 / AD due to the use of tactics of operating outside the sectors of view of divisional guidance radars (in low-altitude obscure areas of our airspace).

    How can the presence of active seeker in missiles help dozens of missiles to defend themselves against hundreds of missiles? If the CD is simply many times larger than the SAM?
    1. Toucan
      Toucan 14 January 2021 07: 37
      +1
      Where did the author find out about this?
      Or did he come up with something that does not exist?

      Not so long ago it turned out that the author does not know what "radio command guidance of the second kind" is. wassat And this is the basics ...
  16. yfast
    yfast 13 January 2021 18: 12
    +3
    The author is recognized from the first note (sentence). You can't be so predictable.
  17. Cool but not Igor
    Cool but not Igor 13 January 2021 18: 31
    -3
    Excellent article, I understood everything. I probably know that it will be able to withstand small-sized gliding ammunition, possibly the Morpheus air defense system being developed with 36 missiles and something like Peresvet that can quickly burn out such small targets.
  18. egsp
    egsp 13 January 2021 22: 45
    0
    "60-mm gliding small-sized guided munitions like" Hatchet "", how can you control and still hit something significant? and at that speed?
  19. Volga073
    Volga073 14 January 2021 07: 20
    -2
    When will the Israeli military airfields be bombed?
    1. SovAr238A
      SovAr238A 14 January 2021 20: 20
      0
      Quote: Volga073
      When will the Israeli military airfields be bombed?

      Not in this universe ...
  20. Evgeny Seleznev
    Evgeny Seleznev 14 January 2021 22: 24
    0
    Air defense means of protecting the area. Any air defense area can be pushed through. There was an article on equipping the Polish Air Force with anti-radar missiles to open the Kaliningrad region. As the variability of the situation, there is overloading and pushing air defense. SAM ammunition and price + - means of destruction. As an example of Syria, there is a kind of air defense, but there is no sense.