Military Review

French Navy purchases E-2D Advanced Hawkeye

40

Aircraft AWACS type E-2D "Improved Hawkeye" (US Air Force photo by Airman 1st Class Dwane R. Young / www.navy.mil)


Paris continues to renew its aircraft carrier fleet aviation their own Navy. This time, the orderly outdated and worn-out carrier-based early warning and control aircraft (AWACS) E-2C Hawkeye are subject to replacement.

They will soon be replaced by a trio of modernized aircraft of this class - the E-2D "Advanced Hawkeye" aircraft, designed and manufactured by Northrop Grumman.

The contract is signed


The US State Department approved the sale of these aircraft to France in July 2020, and the final documents on this issue - the Letter of Offer and Acceptance - were signed by the French Ministry of Defense with their overseas counterparts on December 2, 2020 (the aircraft are being purchased through the US Department of Defense).

Thus, Paris became the second foreign customer of this type of aircraft - earlier, 13 units of them were purchased by the Japanese Self-Defense Forces (the contract value is about $ 3,135 billion, deliveries of the machines began in 2019).

According to the information provided in communicationposted on July 6, 2020 on the website of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA), under this contract, the French military requested permission to purchase the following weapons, military equipment and property:

- three aircraft AWACS type E-2D "Improved Hawkeye";

- 10 turboprop T-56-427A engines (six engines are installed on airplanes, plus four more - as spare);

- three sets of AN / APY-9 radar complex;

- four sets of AN / ALQ-217 electronic support system (three - on airplanes, one - spare);

- three sets of the AN / AYK-27 integrated navigation and information display system (Integrated Navigation Channels and Display Systems);

- five sets of multifunctional information distribution system MIDS-JTRS / Link-16 (three installed and two spare);

- 10 sets of integrated inertial / GPS navigation systems (Embedded GPS / INS (EGI) Devices), including six installed and four spare;

- four sets of the "friend or foe" type AN / APX-122 (A) and AN / APX-123 (A), of which three will be initially installed on the aircraft, and one will be a spare;

- one set of the Joint Mission Planning System.

In addition, within the framework of the contract, it is planned to supply two unified systems integration laboratories with the corresponding test equipment (Common Systems Integration Laboratories with / Test Equipment). One of them will be located in Melbourne, Florida, and the other in France. Plus various equipment and gear for flight and ground technical personnel, necessary auxiliary equipment and spare parts, components and assemblies, technical documentation, various training equipment, etc.

It is also planned to provide the French military with all the necessary assistance in terms of providing delivery services and technical, engineering, and logistics support - the solution of this task will be entrusted to the US government and the contractor.

"The planned delivery will support the foreign policy and national security of the United States by enhancing the security of a NATO ally, which is an essential element in ensuring political stability and economic progress in Europe,"

- emphasized in the statement of the US Defense Ministry's Agency for Military-Technical Cooperation.

“By providing naval aviation (the French Navy) with the opportunity to increase its combat potential by replacing its outdated E-2C Hawkeye aircraft, this delivery will increase France's potential to counter current and future threats. The E-2D aircraft will provide further development and capacity building of naval aviation and ensure the maintenance of compatibility with the US Navy. "

The value of the contract under consideration is announced at about $ 2 billion.

The delivery of all ordered vehicles is planned to be completed by 2028. After that, the three old Hokai in service will probably be scrapped.


The French E-2C Hawkeye, assigned to the 4F squadron of the French Navy, lands on the deck of the nuclear-powered aircraft carrier George G.W. Bush". May 11, 2018 (US Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Brooke Macchietto / www.navy.mil)

In the interest of ensuring interoperability


“The E-2 / P-2 Program Division looks forward to continuing the long-standing partnership with France and the start of a new chapter in stories E-2D programs. These purchases will enhance interoperability between the US fleet and international partners ",

- cited, in turn, the words of Captain Pete Arrobio (Capt. Pete Arrobio), head of department PMA-231, in press release United States Naval Aviation Systems Command (NAVAIR) posted on their website on January 5, 2021.

The mentioned department PMA-231 has the full original name - E-2 / C-2 Airborne Command & Control Systems Program Office. He is organizationally part of the Tactical Aviation Program Office of the United States Naval Aviation Systems Command - Program Executive Office for Tactical Aircraft Programs, PEO (T). Since September 2018, this department has been led by Rear Adm. Shane Gahagan,

This department is responsible for the full and comprehensive support of the programs of carrier-based AWACS aircraft of the types E-2C Hawkeye, E-2D “Advanced Hawkeye” and “Hawkeye 2000”, as well as carrier-based military transport aircraft C-2A “Greyhound”.

It should be noted that the words about increasing the interoperability of the fleets of the United States and their partner countries are not just a tribute to fashion, but a statement of fact: the US Navy is making active efforts to increase such compatibility and for this purpose it regularly organizes joint exercises and exchange of experience with the military maritime forces of countries considered to be allies or partners in the field of security.

So, in May 2018, the air group of naval aviation of the French Navy, consisting of several carrier-based fighters "Rafale M" (Rafale M) and AWACS aircraft E-2C "Hawkeye" carried out temporary base on the American nuclear-powered multipurpose aircraft carrier "George G.W. Bush "(USS George HW Bush, CVN-77), during which she conducted joint combat training activities with her American counterparts. From the latter, in addition to the aircraft carrier itself, the aircraft of its wing took part - the F / A-18E-F Super Hornet fighters and the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye AWACS aircraft.

Moreover, for the French in this event there was a double benefit, since at that time they were not able to fly from their own aircraft carrier - it was under repair.


French nuclear-powered multipurpose aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle and Australian diesel-electric submarine Collins (HMAS Collins, SSG 73) in the Bay of Bengal during joint exercises. May 22, 2019
(US Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class Jimmy Ong / www.navy.mil)

In conclusion, we add that the modernization of the fleet of aircraft carrier aircraft of the French Navy is carried out, including with an eye to the future.

As stated on December 8, 2020 during a visit to Framatome (one of the world leaders in the field of nuclear energy), French President Emmanuel Macron,

The country's military and political leadership made a fundamental decision to build a new generation nuclear multipurpose aircraft carrier, which at the turn of 2038 is to replace the FS Charles de Gaulle (R91) nuclear-powered ship that has been in the ranks of the French fleet for many years.

The work on the new floating airfield will be carried out within the framework of the Porte Avion Nouvelle Generation (PANG) program, which can be translated from French as "New Generation Nuclear Aircraft Carrier". The first metal cutting is scheduled for 2025 so far, and the ship's sea trials are scheduled for 2036.

Judging by the available images of the proposed appearance of the future flagship of the French carrier forces, this ship will no longer resemble the current (a kind of "intermediate") French nuclear-powered ship, but will become a classic multipurpose aircraft carrier capable of solving the widest range of tasks.


Estimated appearance of a promising French nuclear-powered multipurpose aircraft carrier under the PANG program
(Figure by Naval Group from the official account French Defense Minister Florence Parley on Twitter)

The greatest length of a promising aircraft carrier can reach 300 meters, the width of the flight deck will be about 80 meters, and the displacement should be about 70-75 thousand tons (more details about this project should be described in a separate article).

Naturally, the new aircraft carrier, which, by the way, is planned to be equipped with three electromagnetic catapults produced by the American company General Atomics, will also need new deck aircraft for various purposes. The acquired modernized "Hokai" at first are quite suitable for this.
Author:
Photos used:
www.navy.mil; https://twitter.com/florence_parly/
40 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. bad
    bad 11 January 2021 10: 12
    +14
    The French need it - they have overseas territories.
    1. Aerodrome
      Aerodrome 11 January 2021 10: 14
      +12
      Quote: malo
      The French need it - they have overseas territories.

      the aircraft carrier needs. We are fine, neither aircraft carriers nor AWACS aircraft ... no problem.
      1. bessmertniy
        bessmertniy 11 January 2021 11: 28
        -12%
        They are going to attack. Therefore, they build aircraft carriers. what Like the Britons, they are nostalgic for their former empire.
    2. Civil
      Civil 12 January 2021 09: 25
      +2
      It’s not even in a carrier-based AWACS aircraft, we do not have enough such as class. crying
  2. Doccor18
    Doccor18 11 January 2021 10: 14
    +2
    3 aircraft + 4 engines for 2 yards ... hmm ..
    USA, Britain, France ..
    India and China are building aircraft carriers with might and main, France will start soon, Japan and Korea will famously acquire them as soon as the hegemon allows.
    This is to the question of the expediency and "obsolescence of the aircraft carrier theme" ...
    1. OgnennyiKotik
      OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 10: 27
      +6
      Quote: Doccor18
      Japan and R. Korea will famously acquire them

      Japan already has light aircraft carriers, Korea has ordered from 5-7 years to be commissioned. Turkey should put its UDC / Light aircraft carrier into operation this year, the problem is only in the F35В, etc.
      1. Doccor18
        Doccor18 11 January 2021 10: 40
        -1
        Japan already has light aircraft carriers ..

        I mean full-fledged aircraft carriers.
        And then in this company you can dashingly write all the owners of the UDC ...
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 10: 46
          +7
          The Japanese do not have a UDC, but a full-fledged light-class aircraft-carrying ship, poorly disguised as “Destroyers-Helicopter Destroyers”.
          Mostadonts like Nimitz and Ford, except for the United States, can only be built by China, but "light aircraft carriers" are gaining popularity. The same "UDC" America is more of an aircraft carrier than UDC, the first ships do not have a dock chamber and up to 22 F-35Vs on board.
      2. Avior
        Avior 11 January 2021 10: 44
        +3
        The Turks will have two UDCs
        1. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 10: 49
          +2
          Erdogan promised to build a full-fledged domestic light aircraft carrier.
    2. Quadro
      Quadro 11 January 2021 13: 28
      0
      Until the age of 41, all riveted tarantaiks of the T-26 type and cut-down ships themselves. You don't have to be a herd and go after everyone.
  3. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 11 January 2021 10: 15
    0
    At least some benefit of France from NATO, it turns out to save on AWACS.
    1. Avior
      Avior 11 January 2021 11: 06
      +1
      Without American catapults, they would also have problems
      I think the finishers are American too
  4. Avior
    Avior 11 January 2021 10: 19
    +6
    Electronics shrinks and Hawkai's capabilities grow all the time.
    On the other hand, the Americans are changing the transport C-2 - the basis of the Hokai - to the Osprey tiltrotor.
    There is a very high probability of replacing Hokai with osprey, AWACS projects based on Osprey have been wandering for a long time.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 11 January 2021 10: 23
      +1
      Quote: Avior
      AWACS projects based on Osprey have been roaming for a long time

      Keel antenna like our An?
      1. Avior
        Avior 11 January 2021 10: 29
        +8
        Different options drew
        But there is no customer yet


        1. Vladimir_2U
          Vladimir_2U 11 January 2021 10: 31
          0
          ATP, I thought that the screws would not allow the antenna to be installed normally.
        2. OgnennyiKotik
          OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 10: 33
          +4
          Osprey's reputation fails, and the operation is more expensive. Over time, the pluses of this scheme will take over the minuses.
          And so the combination of F35B and Osprey refueling / AWACS provides new opportunities for light aircraft carriers.
          1. Avior
            Avior 11 January 2021 10: 42
            +5
            Reputation reputation, but Navi went to replace Greyhounds on aircraft carriers on Osprey.
            As far as I understand, the reason is that the Greyhound does not include the engine from the F-35.
            And given that the Americans love unification, Osprey has a chance. And if the Americans take it to their aircraft carriers, there will be other orders.
            Wait and see.
            1. OgnennyiKotik
              OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 11: 01
              +5
              Quote: Avior
              Reputation reputation, but Navi went to replace Greyhounds on aircraft carriers on Osprey.

              In fairness, the situation with accidents has improved, since 2017 there have been no crashes, another couple of years of accident-free service and the number of orders will increase.
              1. Avior
                Avior 11 January 2021 11: 09
                0
                I also think everyone is waiting for the reliability to be confirmed.
                There were projects and a tanker, and a strike, and a PLO - something in between an aircraft and a helicopter, closer to the aircraft.
                1. OgnennyiKotik
                  OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 11: 14
                  +4
                  I don't believe in the shock version, the engines are too vulnerable.
                  And yes, it is perfect for all auxiliary tasks. PLO, electronic warfare, tanker, AWACS, transporter, etc., etc.
                  By the way, the option with the UAV is interesting.
                  Spectacular video with osprey accompanied by fighters
                  1. Avior
                    Avior 11 January 2021 11: 22
                    +1
                    Interesting video
                    1. Black lotos
                      Black lotos 11 January 2021 17: 09
                      +1
                      Quote: Avior
                      Interesting video

                      The "ugly duckling" has gradually won the right to be a "working swan" everywhere.
    2. Revolver
      Revolver 11 January 2021 11: 17
      +6
      Quote: Avior
      AWACS projects based on Osprey have been roaming for a long time.

      Osprey is also good because he can easily board any destroyer or even a frigate, or a more or less suitable site on the shore. And not only sit down, but also then take off from there. No upgrades will teach the C-2 this.
      I wonder how they think to tune out the interference that these overgrown propellers will inevitably reflect on the radar? Unless the blades are made of radio-transparent material.
      1. OgnennyiKotik
        OgnennyiKotik 11 January 2021 11: 19
        +3
        Quote: Nagan
        overgrown screws will inevitably reflect on the radar? Unless the blades are made of radio-transparent material.

        As far as I remember, they are already radio-transparent. Stealth requirements for all vehicles are applicable in the United States.
      2. Avior
        Avior 11 January 2021 11: 22
        +1
        These are only projects so far, but I don’t think they have not thought about this problem.
        In 2015, they were quite seriously offered to India and England in the AWACS version.
    3. lucul
      lucul 11 January 2021 16: 23
      -3
      There is a very high probability of replacing Hokai with osprey, AWACS projects based on Osprey have been wandering for a long time.

      Will not take off)))
      Look at Osprey's combat radius)))
      1. Avior
        Avior 11 January 2021 18: 12
        +2
        Practical range
        at takeoff with a short takeoff - 3340 km;


        Watching Grumman C-2 Greyhound
        Practical range: 2 400 km
        1. lucul
          lucul 11 January 2021 18: 37
          -3
          Watching Grumman C-2 Greyhound

          It's just that nothing has been installed on Osprey yet))) There is only a radar station weighing more than a ton, with a lot of energy consumption. As everything is installed, Osprey will not show those performance characteristics as it is now.
          1. Avior
            Avior 11 January 2021 18: 49
            +2
            Therefore, for comparison, I took the same C-2 transport, and not Hawkeye. If the Americans were able to replace c-2 with Osprey, then the characteristics are comparable. Moreover, AWACS and refueling can be done.
            But in general, the patrol time and the range are not the same, the speed factor also matters
            1. lucul
              lucul 11 January 2021 18: 59
              -6
              If the Americans were able to replace c-2 with Osprey, then the characteristics are comparable.

              The plane flies thanks to the wings, and Osprey - the propellers, therefore, its range, other things being equal, will be less
              1. Bolt cutter
                Bolt cutter 11 January 2021 20: 07
                +1
                Osprey only takes off thanks to the propellers. Flies on the wings.
              2. Avior
                Avior 11 January 2021 20: 48
                +2
                Osprey flies thanks to its wings. Take off and land thanks to propellers, or propellers and wings
  5. Ratmir_Ryazan
    Ratmir_Ryazan 11 January 2021 11: 49
    +1
    Russia also needs such a useful light propeller aircraft AWACS.

    Economical and easier to operate compared to the A-50.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Avior
      Avior 11 January 2021 12: 16
      +5
      Use Aeroflot's services! smile
  6. businessv
    businessv 12 January 2021 20: 12
    0
    I wonder how many AWACS aircraft we have?
    1. Avior
      Avior 12 January 2021 23: 58
      +2
      Modern?
      4 A50U
      Russian Air Force - 5 A-50 and 4 A-50U, as of 2020 [7]

      1 A-100
      The second is scheduled for 2024
      https://lenta.ru/news/2020/07/09/2/
      It is assumed that the A-100 will replace the outdated A-50 and A-50U
      1. businessv
        businessv 13 January 2021 21: 30
        0
        Quote: Avior
        It is assumed that the A-100 will replace the outdated A-50 and A-50U

        Thank you colleague! Happy New Year Old Style! drinks
        1. Avior
          Avior 13 January 2021 21: 33
          +1
          Thank you! And to you the same with the unique Russian holiday Old New Year!
          drinks