Military Review

December 24 - Day of the capture of the Turkish fortress Izmail by Russian troops

59

In 1790, Russian troops under the command of General-in-Chief Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov besieged the Turkish fortress of Izmail. Now this town is known not as a formidable Ottoman fortress, but as a small regional center about 200 kilometers from Odessa.


The siege of Ishmael ended with a successful assault, which took place over the course of one day - December 22, in a new style. This event became a key moment of the Russian-Turkish war, which began in 1787 and ended in 1791. The fall of the fortress led to the loss of the entire Northern Black Sea region by the Ottomans from the mouth of the Danube to the Kuban.

The very fact of a quick capture with minimal losses of the fortress was equated by many with a miracle. To a large extent, this happened thanks to the military leadership talent of Suvorov, for which he is honored, praised and our deepest bows. This event became one of the most glorious pages stories our country.


The Turkish fortress Izmail was surrounded by powerful fortifications on three sides, and the Danube flowed on the fourth side. The besiegers were not allowed to enter the citadel by an earthen rampart with a height of 6 to 8 meters, a ditch 12 meters wide and 6-10 meters deep, and a 35-strong garrison. The last assault on the fortress was not the only one, it was preceded by several unsuccessful attempts. The Izmail garrison was commanded by the experienced Turkish commander Mehmet Pasha, known for his response to Suvorov's ultimatum demanding the surrender of the fortress:

Rather, the Danube will flow backwards and the sky will fall to the ground than Ishmael will surrender.

Subsequently, it turned out that the commander of the garrison was deeply mistaken.

The attackers were fewer than the defenders, but they had an advantage in artillery, which bombarded the fortress for 16 hours on the eve of the assault. Having begun to storm Izmail in the early morning, Russian troops captured it by 26 o'clock, having lost about two thousand killed and three thousand wounded. During the assault, 9 thousand Turkish defenders of the fortress were killed, and the remaining XNUMX thousand were taken prisoner.

In modern Russia, the date of the capture of Izmail by the Russian army is considered the Day of Military Glory, officially established by the corresponding Federal Law on March 13, 1995. According to the old Julian calendar, this happened on December 11. But since the difference between the Julian and Gregorian calendars was 11 days in the 20th century, and 13 days in the 22th, the date of the assault according to the new style to the last century shifted from 24 to XNUMX December.

Therefore, in the Russian Federation, the Day of Military Glory in honor of the capture of the Turkish fortress of Izmail by Russian troops under the command of Suvorov is celebrated on December 24.

Today the editorial board of Voennoye Obozreniye calls on readers to remember this glorious day in our history, which brought unfading glory to the Russian arms.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, S. Schiflyar, Государственный исторический музей, Grevedon
59 comments
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  1. sergo1914
    sergo1914 24 December 2020 09: 03
    -12%
    Russian troops took the Turkish fortress, which is the cultural heritage of the Ukrainians.
    1. svp67
      svp67 24 December 2020 09: 09
      +5
      Quote: sergo1914
      Russian troops took the Turkish fortress, which is the cultural heritage of the Ukrainians.

      And what is it for the Turks?
      Even in the media sources of the city of Izmail, Odessa region, there is NOTHING about this event today, what kind of "historical heritage" for Ukrainians can we talk about now? Although they took an active part, and on both sides in this battle
      1. sergo1914
        sergo1914 24 December 2020 09: 14
        -14%
        Quote: svp67
        Quote: sergo1914
        Russian troops took the Turkish fortress, which is the cultural heritage of the Ukrainians.

        And what is it for the Turks?


        And for the Russians? Difficult question. I have to ask historians.
        1. Machito
          Machito 24 December 2020 09: 21
          +15
          Alexander Vasilyevich knew how to negotiate with partners of Russia, he did not express concerns, but cut out sworn friends like rams.
          1. il-z
            il-z 24 December 2020 13: 33
            +3
            You should not raise the level of sworn friends to the level of rams), I think so).
          2. Nychego
            Nychego 24 December 2020 14: 08
            +3
            Quote: Bearded
            and cut out sworn friends like rams

            He shot with buckshot mainly during the subgee event, but this is already a technology cost.
            The assault was as wonderful as an operation: ripping through the defense by assault columns from different directions with constant shelling (at the first stage) by artillery and pressure by the Cossacks. The enemy lost control of the troops and turned from a certain moment into a heap of meat, partly snarling, but already doomed, rushing about only to eventually catch a buckshot or rifle bullet, or even be simply stabbed with a bayonet.
            1. Seal
              Seal 29 December 2020 13: 24
              +2
              Nice analysis here
              https://www.shukach.com/ru/node/54004
              And the plan of the fortress
              1. Nychego
                Nychego 30 December 2020 16: 03
                +1
                Quote: Seal
                Nice analysis here

                There is a good description of the stages of construction. There is little and indistinct about the assault.
                As for the "30 thousand janissaries" in the garrison, it is completely nonsense - there were less than half of the regulars out of the 36 (at the beginning of the siege) besieged, and only the janissaries of them would be fine if there were 000-7 thousand.
                1. Seal
                  Seal 13 January 2021 12: 07
                  0
                  I agree. And the janissaries were no longer the same janissaries. So, one tinsel from the previous ones.
        2. Insurgent
          Insurgent 24 December 2020 09: 26
          +3
          December 24 - Day of the capture of the Turkish fortress Izmail by Russian troops

          A memorable date, a great event in the military and political history of Russia.

          It is only sad that we remember them against the background of Turkey's attempts to return at least to Transcaucasia. There, from where the bayonets of Russian soldiers pushed her out several centuries ago.
          And having in mind the theory of Pan-Turkism extending interests in the Caucasus, through the South of Russia, the Volga region and Central Asia, up to Yakutia ...
          1. Vladimir_2U
            Vladimir_2U 24 December 2020 09: 29
            +3
            Quote: Insurgent
            And having in mind the theory of Pan-Turkism extending interests in the Caucasus, through the Volga region and Central Asia up to Yakutia ...
            I remember the Buryat-Turkish Lyceum in Ulan-Ude, and how the local idiots, fortunately few in number, were happy about it.
            1. Civil
              Civil 24 December 2020 10: 12
              +4
              If there are no victories now, one should be proud of the victories of the past, especially if its results do not mean anything now.
              1. The comment was deleted.
          2. svp67
            svp67 24 December 2020 10: 23
            +2
            Quote: Insurgent
            It is only sad that we remember them against the background of Turkey's attempts to return at least to Transcaucasia.

            Yes, we must already say frankly that they want to return many territories that now belong to Ukraine and Russia. And having trained in Georgia, she may well do this, peacefully, as if not changing the borders ...
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent 24 December 2020 10: 54
              +1
              Quote: svp67
              Yes, we must already say frankly that they want to return many territories that now belong to Ukraine and Russia.

              What is the use of talking about it (for me in general), if the persons who determine the policy of Russia are silent about it?
          3. Serg koma
            Serg koma 24 December 2020 11: 03
            +3
            Quote: Insurgent
            December 24 - Day of the capture of the Turkish fortress Izmail by Russian troops

            Gregorian date: 1700 - 1800, the difference with the "new style" - 11 days.
            Officer's cross "For courage in the capture of Ishmael"
            On the cross the date is December 11, 1790, therefore, adding 11 days, we get the date 22 December (according to the "new style") 1790 years.
            "Thank you" for such errors in the dates to our "respected" deputies. which all dates "combed with one comb".
            The holiday was established by Federal Law No. 32-FZ of March 13, 1995 "On the days of military glory (victory days) in Russia."

            For your information:
            Gregorian calendar - the difference "new style"
            1582, 15.10 - 1700, 28.02 10 days difference
            1700, 1.03 - 1800, 28.02 11 days difference
            1800, 1.03 - 1900, 28.02 12 days difference
            1900, 1.03 - 2100, 28.02 13 days difference
            In Europe, starting in 1582, the Gregorian calendar gradually spread. In the year of the introduction of the new calendar, 10 days were skipped (instead of October 5, they began to count October 15). Subsequently, the new calendar skipped leap years in years ending in "00", except for those cases when the first two digits of such a year form a multiple of "4".
            In the Russian state, the Gregorian calendar was introduced on February 1, 1918, which began to be considered February 14 "according to the new style."

            https://azbyka.ru/shemy/staryj-i-novyj-kalendarnye-stili.shtml
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent 24 December 2020 11: 14
              -1
              Quote: Serg Koma
              Gregorian date: 1700 - 1800, the difference with the "new style" - 11 days.


              In 45 BC, the Julian calendar was introduced and spread throughout Europe. It laid down the duration of the Earth's revolution around the Sun 365 days + 6 hours. These 6 hours were summed up, and an additional day appeared every four years - February 29.

              But over time, when calculating Christian holidays, it became obvious that this calendar is not very accurate. And on October 5, 1592, Pope Gregory XIII issued a bull that this day should be considered October 15.
              Then the calculated difference between the dates of the Julian / old / calendar and / new /, Gregorian calendar was 10 days.

              In the Russian Empire, the Julian calendar continued to be used until January 31, 1918, when after January 31 came immediately February 14. At this time, the difference between the two calendars was already 13 days.

              To compare dates, remember that:

              -in the 16th and 17th centuries, the difference was 10 days;
              - in the 18th century - 11 days;
              - in the 19th century - 12 days;
              -in the 20th and 21st centuries - 13 days;
              - in the 22nd century will be 14 days;
              - in the 23rd century - 15 days.
              1. Serg koma
                Serg koma 24 December 2020 12: 16
                +1
                Quote: Insurgent
                To compare dates, remember that:

                -in the 16th and 17th centuries, the difference was 10 days;
                - in the 18th century - 11 days;
                - in the 19th century - 12 days;
                -in the 20th and 21st centuries - 13 days;

                Quite right. Only the dates, thanks to the deputies, do not match. For example:
                June 24-26 (July 5-7) 1770 - July 7 Day of the victory of the Russian fleet over the Turkish fleet in the Battle of Chesme (here in the days of the battle "hit", fortunately, not one day);
                27th of June (July 8) 1709 - July 10 - Day of victory of the Russian army under the command of Peter the Great over the Swedes in the Battle of Poltava
                July 27 (7 August) 1714 - 9 August victories of the Russian fleet under the command of Peter the Great over the Swedes at Cape Gangut
                and so on
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 24 December 2020 09: 44
        0
        Quote: svp67
        And what is it for the Turks?

        " Baghdad on the Danube"they called him and emphasize (like their common brothers) on the extermination and expulsion of the population ..

        This was the third assault on the fortress by Russian troops.

        What is offensive is that the next year the fortress was returned to the Turks.

        And then there was another assault.
      3. Catfish
        Catfish 24 December 2020 10: 04
        +7
        What's the difference, the Russians took it. "It was yours - it is ours."
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 24 December 2020 10: 58
          -1
          Quote: Sea Cat
          What's the difference, the Russians took it. "It was yours - it is ours."

          Sorry, but at the moment, by analogy with Crimea, you will not ask your opponent - "Whose Ishmael?"
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 24 December 2020 11: 16
            +2
            And I'm just about "that" moment, not about "this". Who knows where this or that will be in fifty years.
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent 24 December 2020 11: 19
              -1
              Quote: Sea Cat
              And I'm just talking about "that" moment, not about "this" one.

              Well, we can only remember and be proud of that moment, but we have to live with the weight of the “given” ...
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 24 December 2020 11: 33
                +3
                Well, Crimea is still a bright "spot" against the background of everything else, and we ourselves have profiled the present "givenness".
                Remember the movie "His Excellency's Adjutant"?
                At the restaurant, Captain Volin was invited to say a toast, to which he replied:
                "We in Russia have always talked too much and now we have what we have. I will drink in silence."
                What can I say, a statement for all time, for us, at least.
                1. Insurgent
                  Insurgent 24 December 2020 11: 39
                  -1
                  Quote: Sea Cat
                  Crimea is still a bright spot against the background of everything else

                  I would say - broken link.
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 24 December 2020 12: 09
                    +3
                    It is possible and so, the essence remains the same.
                2. Whirlwind
                  Whirlwind 24 December 2020 18: 16
                  -2
                  Putin put the glass down altogether. He said that it is too early to drink until we put an end to the war ...
                  And he put it. And he drank with the Dagestanis.
    2. tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
      tovarich-andrey.62goncharov 24 December 2020 10: 07
      +1
      They have inherited too much, don't you think? It's time to do something about it ...
    3. halpat
      halpat 24 December 2020 11: 07
      0
      Quote: sergo1914
      Russian troops took the Turkish fortress, which is the cultural heritage of the Ukrainians.

      In general, Izmail was then and is now on the territory of the Odessa region laughing
      And there the Cossacks (no doubt all were citizens of Ukraine) won everything on seagulls, and not some Suvorov with an incomprehensible Kutuzov. laughing
      According to the latest "research" nezalezhnyh Svidomo historians.
      Now they think how to apologize to Erdogan.
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 24 December 2020 11: 42
        -1
        Quote: Halpat
        there the Cossacks (no doubt all were citizens of Ukraine) won everything on seagulls, and not some Suvorov with an incomprehensible Kutuzov

        The most incomprehensible was Deribas / Jose de Ribas ... (sho for a Cossack request , z yak kuren, yak ataman) ...
    4. sergo1914
      sergo1914 24 December 2020 11: 26
      -1
      Quote: sergo1914
      Russian troops took the Turkish fortress, which is the cultural heritage of the Ukrainians.


      It's strange. Gentlemen minus, what is not true in the message? What made you so angry?
  2. Artavazdych
    Artavazdych 24 December 2020 09: 16
    +7
    Well, for the victory! drinks
    And then I think - for what to drink after the shift, yes in one mug
    1. serg.shishkov2015
      serg.shishkov2015 24 December 2020 09: 22
      +1
      When in my student dorm they could not find a reason for drinking, Insect Protection Day was announced!
  3. Crowe
    Crowe 24 December 2020 09: 18
    +23
    The day when the sky fell to earth and the Danube flowed back ... Suvorov later wrote that
    "You can only dare to storm an assault equal to Izmail."

    Children flinch from explosions
    And the women in the chador cry
    The soldiers are praying in the mosque
    Dogs bark in the yard.
    The reconnaissance has already passed
    Destroy a fortress of stones
    Artillery preparation goes on all night
    Out of two dozen batteries.

    Now we will show the enemy forces
    Join the bayonets, but hurry,
    I am also here near Ishmael!
    Among the Livonian huntsmen.

    On the storming of Turkish bastions-
    To take the fortress for sure
    Let's go grenadiers
    From the Absheron regiment.
    And this sea is knee-deep
    Under a shower of bullets they storm the shaft
    Climbing stairs to walls
    Not respecting the interval.

    I will not disgrace the honor of the uniform!
    Chilly December morning
    I'm going to the attack of Ishmael
    Through a barrage of buckshot and fire.

    My column is storming the moat,
    We climb from the west wall
    Where the remains of the garrison are
    They are full of fierce rage towards us.
    About a third of the ammunition
    The citadel will fall on us
    Cannon fodder for breakfast
    They make shrapnel of us here.

    With the Tatar cavalry ranked
    Under the horse stomp at dawn
    Was thrown into battle at Ishmael
    A reserve built in a square.

    Fires are burning in the fortress-
    A fight broke out on the walls
    The janissaries crossed sabers,
    They are not the first time to fight to the death.
    From shoulder to ear to ear
    Cossacks cut them with a saber,
    Slit the belly of someone
    Guts crawled out.

    I got a bullet in the neck
    At the very fortress gates
    I am mortally wounded near Ishmael!
    But a passage was cut through.

    The infantry burst into the citadel
    Swearing with a three-layer mat
    It remains to open the gate
    So that the cavalry rush in.
    There's an earthquake all around
    The whole moat is strewn with corpses,
    The Ottoman Empire trembles
    Under the Russian onslaught of bayonets.

    The end of the sultans and emirs
    No wonder I shed my blood,
    May I be killed at Ishmael!
    The impregnable Ishmael fell.
  4. carstorm 11
    carstorm 11 24 December 2020 09: 29
    +1
    Judging by the Ukrainian edition, the Ukrainians took it))) just the other day I came across)))
    1. aszzz888
      aszzz888 24 December 2020 09: 34
      +1

      carstorm 11 (Dmitry)
      Today, 09: 29
      NEW
      +1
      Judging by the Ukrainian edition Ukrainians took him))) just the other day I came across)))
      Those such, those who want to take)), especially the language! wink
      1. carstorm 11
        carstorm 11 24 December 2020 10: 09
        +2
        https://inosmi-ru.turbopages.org/inosmi.ru/s/social/20201222/248810699.html
        To whom the hunt will laugh will understand)
    2. Gardamir
      Gardamir 24 December 2020 10: 05
      +3
      Judging by the Ukrainian edition, the Ukrainians took it)))
      By the way, just at the time of the liberation of Ishmael, Prince Potemkin created Novorossiya, which is by no means Vkraina.
  5. yfast
    yfast 24 December 2020 09: 32
    0
    Quote: carstorm 11
    Judging by the Ukrainian edition, the Ukrainians took it))) just the other day I came across)))

    These and America discovered, now they are nostalgic. Why is the loss ratio 1:14 for the attackers?
  6. Ros 56
    Ros 56 24 December 2020 09: 34
    0
    And how are the Banderlogs doing in Russian Izmail, or were they pretending to be Turks then?
  7. 7,62x54
    7,62x54 24 December 2020 09: 34
    +9
    Had such Suvorov appeared now, the Kremlinites themselves would have blamed him for being too patriotic, for destroying pragmatic relations with his brother Erdo.
  8. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 24 December 2020 09: 57
    +2
    So it turns out that 200 years ago Bulgaria did not exist? One wall of Izmail was taken by soldiers under the leadership of Kutuzov!
  9. 1536
    1536 24 December 2020 10: 00
    +8
    The battle for Ishmael took place within the framework of the Russian-Turkish war of 1787-1791. In July 1787, Turkey delivered an ultimatum to Russia demanding the return of Crimea and renunciation of the defense of Georgia. Moreover, the Turks decided to inspect Russian merchant ships passing through the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. In Russia, of course, the Turkish ultimatum was sent back to the Turks, I don't know exactly with or without comments, but as a result, in August 1787, Turkey, supported by Britain, declared war on Russia.
    The Izmail Fortress, located on the left bank of the Danube at the intersection of trade routes from Romania, Transnistria, and the Black Sea region, was of great strategic importance.
    The great Russian commander A.V. Suvorov took the impregnable fortress by storm. Russia established itself for a long time in the Northern Black Sea region, began to develop this territory, and freed it up for free trade.
    Memorable military dates in Russian history today should remind of one thing: you cannot leave, lose or transfer to someone territories that were watered with Russian blood, which were recaptured or liberated at the cost of hundreds of thousands, or even millions of Russian lives.
  10. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 24 December 2020 10: 54
    +2
    Glory to Russian weapons !!!!
  11. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 24 December 2020 11: 02
    0
    Everything is lying! Ishmael was taken by the "troops of independent Ukraine" Commander of these "troops" - commander SuvorovCHUK- "VElykiy commander of the times of independent Ukraine"
  12. 41st region
    41st region 24 December 2020 11: 44
    -1
    Alexander Vasilyevich could conduct "constructive negotiations". 35 (in words - ONE) person left the 1 thousandth garrison.
  13. anjey
    anjey 24 December 2020 14: 37
    0
    Great Kraintsy didn't rename Suvorov Avenue in Izmail ???
  14. iouris
    iouris 24 December 2020 15: 40
    -1
    And on what date in what year did the Russians surrender Ishmael?
    1. anjey
      anjey 24 December 2020 17: 08
      0
      We will be back laughing
      1. Kushka
        Kushka 24 December 2020 21: 01
        0
        Yeah, we'll come back - what's again without shoulder straps, as in the Crimea?
        Suvorov with Kutuzov, Platov with Orlov, and in a bad dream
        this could not be imagined. Can you imagine - Borodino
        and Russian officers without shoulder straps?
        Yes, shoulder straps from a Russian officer can only be removed from the head!
        So it was at all times, and now "ichtamnet". Shame.
        1. anjey
          anjey 24 December 2020 21: 12
          0
          Shoulder straps are beautiful, shocking, but too idealistic and a little archaic for our timelaughing
          1. Kushka
            Kushka 24 December 2020 22: 21
            0
            Not convincing.
            The creators of the world we live in (for now)
            great romantics, architects, sculptors, painters,
            composers and singers, writers and cinematographers, religions,
            always aimed for the ramp, halls flooded with light, demonstrations
            their achievements, works of the widest audience,
            all over the world. Soviet artists went to the front, to BAM,
            Anyone who does dark deeds, hides from the light, from publicity,
            changes outfits, erases footprints, changes disguises, avoids calling himself,
            strive so that no one knows anything about him and about his affairs.
            Light and darkness. Good and evil. Eternal questions.
            I'm going to YOU! The only decent answer. And it was spoken by a Russian.
            The rest is from the evil one.
  15. Kushka
    Kushka 24 December 2020 17: 16
    -3
    Alternative version:
    Exactly 230 years ago, the Turkish fortress of Izmail fell on December 22, 1790 (December 11, old style). And who took it?
    According to Russian historians, this was done by Suvorov and Kutuzov according to the recipe "a bullet-stupid bayonet well done."
    In fact, it was the Ukrainian Cossacks who broke through the Turkish defenses and were the first to break into the Izmail fortress, which in Russia in the 18th century they knew very well, and now they are modestly silent.
    According to modern stories, a quarter of the Russian troops were Cossacks (which is true), but they, they say, were armed only with pikes (which is a lie). Although the pikes were the weapon of the assault detachments, where the Ukrainian Cossacks made up the striking force in all three columns that attacked Izmail from the Danube.
    In the first column of brigadier Arsenyev there were 2000 Cossacks, in the second, central column under the leadership of Ataman Chepiga - 1000, in the third, led by Major Markov, 1000 Cossacks. There were 767 Cossacks in the vanguard. Together with the Cossack sailors (1500 Black Sea paratroopers attacked on "seagulls"), the active Ukrainian Cossack army was about 7000 soldiers.
    Most importantly, the Cossacks were the main combat unit of the Liman flotilla. Opposite Ishmael on the island of Sulin, the Turks placed a battery that did not allow them to approach the fortress. First, the Cossack fleet under the command of Golovaty took Sulina by storm and allowed the artillery to be placed there. Then, in two battles, the Turkish fleet was sunk, about 300 Turkish ships were destroyed. Without these Cossack achievements, Izmail would have easily resisted, because the Russian command was already going to lift the siege.
    On the day of the assault, 100 Cossack ships attacked Ishmael from the Danube and, under a hail of cannonballs and buckshot, landed the Cossacks to storm the fortress. It was the Cossacks who were the first to enter the fortress. In the battle for Izmail, the Ukrainian Cossacks took 26 Ottoman banners and dozens of guns. Thus, it was the actions of the flotilla of the Cossack "admiral" A. Golovaty that opened the way to Ishmael from the Danube and decided the issue of taking the fortress. Suvorov personally noted in his report to Potemkin "Colonel and Chevalier Golovaty, who, with excellent courage, work and constant diligence, not only set an example for his army, but also acted fearlessly."
    For the assault on Izmail, Anton Golovaty received the Order of St. Vladimir, and all the Cossacks - silver medals "For excellent bravery in the capture of Izmail on December 11, 1790".
    And what was the scale of the participation of Ukrainian Cossacks in the conquest of southern cities? Even earlier, the joyful Potemkin reported to Petersburg: “out of 200 small ships, each of them has 60 Cossacks .... These ships are controlled by the Cossacks, of which there are now twenty thousand ". That is, the Zaporizhzhya Sich has not existed for almost 15 years, but the Cossacks were! Also, the Ukrainian Cossacks took a decisive role in the capture of the fortresses of Ochakov, the islands of Berezan, Bendery, Tulcha, Isakcha, Akkerman, as well as Khadzhibey (Odessa), where six regiments of Black Sea Cossacks participated (three cavalry regiments and three infantry with a total number of 3000 people) under under the command of Ataman S. Chepiga and the general leadership of de Ribas, with a simultaneous assault on the amphibious assault of the flotilla under the command of Anton Holovaty. Even earlier, in 1788, in the Liman battle, which changed the course of the war, Koshevoy Sidor Bely perished.
    What did the Ukrainian Cossacks get for all these victories? The Cossacks fought, hoping for promises to give the conquered lands to them. In particular, they were directly promised to give land between the Southern Bug and the Dniester and even the Danube. But after the victory, as always, they deceived and said: "Thank you all, everyone is free." That is, whoever wants to have at least some freedom, go ... to the Kuban, there, they say, there is still someone to fight with.
    1. anjey
      anjey 24 December 2020 17: 42
      +2
      Quote: Kushka
      What did the Ukrainian Cossacks get for all these victories? The Cossacks fought, hoping for promises to give the conquered lands to them.
      Well, you are naive, you have to come up with such a thing, give up the land laughing Whose citizenship did the Ukrainian Cossacks in Cherkassy take in 1648? In the Russian army there were Tatars, Bashkirs, Cheremis, Kalmyks, it was easier to name whom it was not, but the Jews are unlikely, they were not taken into military service, then it was necessary, according to your logic, to give away the southern lands to everyone involved laughing
      1. Kushka
        Kushka 24 December 2020 20: 42
        +1
        I just drew attention to the alternative version
        this Paliy, allegedly a Ukrainian historian.
        I would very much like to get acquainted with the Turkish version -
        Can you imagine how interesting it would be? And where can I get it?
        And I disagree about the land. In the Cherkassy area,
        towards Nikolaev (today these are Zlatopol and Novomirgorod),
        people still say New Serbia - the queen rewarded
        Serbs who served the Russian Empire, lands in this
        terrain (and this is the southern lands)
        ... Although you are right - the Serbs were not subjects of Russia, and the mentioned
        You are representatives of the peoples of Russia, including the Ukrainian Cossacks,
        were Russian soldiers. Therefore, the defense of Sevastopol, the capture of Azov
        and the capture of Izmail is a glorious victory of Russian weapons.
        1. anjey
          anjey 24 December 2020 21: 02
          +1
          In principle, the Tsaritsa and Tsars of Russia on the borderlands encouraged settlement and allocated rich allotments and paid for the service of the Cossacks, Donskoy, Kuban, Kalmyks, which is why they were most loyal to the tsarism and many took the revolution with hostility ... The Zaporozhye Cossacks also enjoyed many liberties from Tsars of Russia ...
    2. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 24 December 2020 21: 14
      +1
      Quote: Kushka
      "Thank you all, everyone is free." That is, whoever wants to have at least some freedom, go ... to the Kuban, there, they say, there is still someone to fight with.
      Anatoly remember the Transdanubian Sich ...
      After the abolition of the Zaporozhye Sich, part of the Cossacks (about 5) went over to the side of Turkey. They settled in the Danube Delta near the settlements of the Nekrasov Cossacks (who settled there after the Bulavin uprising of 000-1707). Because of the dispute "whose fish - and who catches it", a war began between the "Nekrasovites" and "Zaporozhians" in 1708-1794 - they practically did not take prisoners ... "Zaporozhians" worked for Turkey as a punitive detachment - they suppressed the uprisings (Greek 1814) and other riots. Over time, some "Cossacks" (during the next Russian-Turkish war) went over to the side of Russia ... In 1820 there were three Cossack villages in Turkey - Eski Kazaklar (returned to the USSR in 1927), Yeni Kazaklar (left Turkey in 1962) and Cossack - left for the USA. "Zaporozhye Cossacks" in the service of the Sultan is a fact of history, please do not be offended ...
      1. Kushka
        Kushka 24 December 2020 22: 32
        +1
        Thank you (what insults!) I read about the participation of the Cossacks in
        30-year war in Europe (for money) is equally on the side
        French, then on the side of the Spaniards, then the Austrians (attack
        to Champagne, for example) And B. Khmelnitsky collaborated with the Crimean
        khan against Poland, until he matured for an alliance with Russia.
        But I didn't know about 1927 (USSR!). Thanks again.
  16. Alex Justice
    Alex Justice 24 December 2020 18: 44
    0
    During the assault, 26 thousand Turkish defenders of the fortress were killed, and the remaining 9 thousand were taken prisoner.

    Not a single one wounded?
  17. Whirlwind
    Whirlwind 24 December 2020 19: 17
    0
    Interesting facts about the capture of Izmail are described in his book "Two Capitals" by the Soviet writer N. A. Ravich.
    "... The most terrible battle took place along the fortress walls from the Bendery Gate to the new fortress, descending in ledges to the Danube. Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov, who commanded the sixth column, seized the rampart and ranges of the new fortress near the Danube, but Platov's fifth column and the fourth, located to the right of it Orlova, who consisted entirely of Cossacks, could not take possession of the wall.The ditch was very deep, they hardly climbed the stairs, armed with only pikes.

    The janissaries easily cut the shafts of the peak with their crooked sabers and threw the Cossacks down. It was in vain that Major General Bezborodko, the chancellor's brother, being one of the first to climb the rampart, ran in full view of the enemy, encouraging the Cossacks. They were overturned, Bezborodko himself, wounded, fell into the ditch. Kutuzov, attentively observing the course of the battle, sent a battalion of Bug rangers from himself. The Cossacks, led by the huntsmen, again attacked and were again thrown into the ditch. Both columns, consisting of Cossacks, were separated by the Bendery Gate.
    Suddenly the gates opened, and a detachment of ten thousand janissaries rushed out. Among them were many armed women and mullahs, who fueled their rage with terrible screams. The Turks were divided into detachments, and they were commanded by experienced pashas.

    ... Now the Phanagorians were sent to the aid of the Cossacks to the Bendery Gate. They walked in a line of platoon columns, as if in a parade, all accelerating their pace and approaching the place of the terrible carnage. Huge drums thundered, flutes whistled, officers walked in front with drawn swords on their shoulders.

    Finally the drummers stepped aside, the soldiers took their guns in their arms and ran shouting "Hurray!" rushed to the attack. With a terrible blow, the Turks were knocked together and pushed to the gate. The gates opened, but slammed immediately. The Cossacks entered into a battle with the Janissaries. In the predawn gloom, shouts of "hurray" and "il-Allah" were heard. Sabers and bayonets flashed. Shots were almost not heard, as the hand-to-hand combat went close, face to face. The ditch was littered with corpses, the water in it turned red with blood. Kutuzov, who continued to hold the captured part of the rampart, sent one battalion of the Bug regiment to help the Cossacks, and they managed to climb the wall. But they could not advance further - a crushing wave of Turks from the fortress overturned them, and a fight ensued.

    The Bender Gates opened again, and from there flew out several thousand horse spagos [81] on fine Arab horses. Behind each horseman sat a janissary, holding a crooked knife in his teeth.
    Approaching the Russian camp, the Janissaries dismounted and went on the attack. But already four Don cavalry regiments were galloping towards them in a semicircle. Janissaries tried to stab the Cossack horses, but fell under saber blows. The spags were cut desperately, but could not stand it and turned back. Two squadrons of Voronezh hussars led by Colonel Volkov were already rushing across them. The hussars scattered the spags across the field and chopped them one by one. A few minutes later, the horses without riders were racing in front of the fortress walls ... The Bug huntsmen climbed the rampart and finally captured the Bendery Gate.

    In Ishmael, booty was taken, amounting to tens of millions of gold piastres, 232 serviceable cannons, 345 banners and 10 thousand blood horses.

    When Suvorov was persuaded to take at least a horse as a souvenir, he, who had never taken part in the division of the spoils, replied: "I came on a Don horse, and I will leave here on it."

    A week later, Alexander Vasilyevich left for Galati with his Fanagoria regiment, which lost about 400 people, and left Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov as the commandant of the fortress. Suvorov wrote about Kutuzov in his report: "He walked on my left flank, but he was my right hand."

    The capture of Ishmael made such an impression all over the world that the European conference, which gathered in Chistov to support Turkey and form a hostile coalition against Russia, stopped its meetings! "

    Now in the village of Kistysh, Vladimir region, in the former estate of Generalissimo Suvorov, the Temple built by him is being restored, a museum is being organized and a monument to the great Russian commander Alexander Vasilyevich Suvorov is erected. Thus, a cultural and historical complex is being created around the name of Suvorov.
    Everyone can contribute to this good cause by sending donations
    http://www.omofor.ru/index.php?m=single&al=alias2094 .