Military Review

New US naval concept: against Russian and Chinese aggression

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John Trevithick, an American expert on naval issues, published a rather big work on the pages of The Drive entitled "A New Strategy: US Naval Forces Will React More Resolutely to Chinese and Russian Aggression."


New Strategy Says US Naval Forces Will Respond More Assertively To Chinese, Russian Aggression


The word "aggression" in the headline cannot be interpreted in any other way. And so everything becomes very interesting.

So what did John Trevithick want to convey to the American reader, and how do we look at it?

The United States Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard have released a new strategy paper on how they plan to jointly design naval power in the future.

The document focuses on how these three services plan to fight on the high seas and offshore areas adjacent to the coastline. However, there is also very important discussion about adopting a more assertive approach to responding to day-to-day challenges, especially from China and, to a lesser extent, Russia, among other potential adversaries who lack shooting.

It looks especially great that we and China “lack shooting”. I don't know if Trevithick himself invented the phrase, or so in the source, but it sounds just magical.

On December 17, 2020, the three services unveiled their new “integrated” strategy called “Advantage at Sea: Dominated by Integrated Naval Power”.

The document includes a discussion of a number of operational concepts that the trio openly discussed, such as a greater emphasis on operations using the reorganized Marine Corps using amphibious warships, increased use of drones and offshore platforms, and distributed sensor and communication networks. ...

There is also a "renewed emphasis on the struggle for control and conquest of the sea" in light of growing concerns about a potential future naval struggle against a major adversary such as China or Russia.

A potential future naval struggle with a major enemy - it sounds like it. Moreover, with a big opponent. Which will require the efforts of all three shock components of the US Navy, that is, Fleet, Marine Corps and Coastal Defense. The presence of the latter in the triad suggests that the American ships are going to reflect the Russian and Chinese ships at least in the Gulf of Mexico or near the beaches of Miami. Although, BO can operate anywhere.


“Significant technological advances and aggressive military modernization of our rivals undermine our military advantages. The proliferation of long-range precision missiles means the United States can no longer claim unhindered access to the world's oceans in times of conflict, "- quoted from a joint document signed by Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Michael Gildey, Marine Corps spokesman General David Berger and Admiral Karl Schultz from the Coast Guard.

“Our combined navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard must maintain a clear resolve to compete with, contain and defeat our adversaries, if necessary, as we accelerate the development of modernized, integrated navies across all areas in the future ".


The triumvirate, which will henceforth be called the "naval service", should be expectedly equipped so as to be able to deter and defeat a high-class enemy.

It's nice to know that in the US we are considered a "high-class enemy"

Since the beginning of the XNUMXst century, our three maritime services have watched with alarm the growing naval power of the People's Republic of China and the increasingly aggressive behavior of the Russian Federation. Our global naval forces interact daily with Chinese and Russian warships and aircraft. We witness their growing sophistication and growing aggressiveness with our own eyes. Optimism that China and Russia can become leaders contributing to global security has given way to recognition that they are strong rivals. The People's Republic of China poses the most serious long-term strategic threat.

In the past few years alone, there has been a noticeable spike in reports of clashes near borders during aggressive clashes between US Navy warships and their Chinese and Russian counterparts. China is also accused of striking American military aircraft, as well as the aircraft of its allies and partners in the Pacific region, using lasers and electronic means of suppression, non-lethal attacks, which nevertheless pose a very real danger.


Non-lethal, but nevertheless, very dangerous attacks. The threat is terrible, especially the laser pointers. In general, everything that is today called “everyday competition”. This can include blinding by lasers, and "pushing" ships into the sea, and interception of aircraft. Everything is in the order of things.

It is not entirely clear how this policy will translate into practice, but it is clear that the Navy, as well as the Marines and Coast Guard are preparing to take a more active and aggressive stance when another ship tries to "lead them astray," so to speak. or the enemy forces are otherwise attacking them with some action, such as laser blinding, which is simply not a direct threat.

Yes, it is easier to deal with laser attacks on Instagram. Let's now just look at what was given above.

In principle, nothing new. And if we start looking at all this using the good old Latin principle “Who benefits?”, Then we will not see anything new. Almost nothing. But this word "almost" also contains quite a lot.

Enemies of the United States have always been needed. The enemy is a great excuse to distribute budget funds. It was precisely the presence of a terrible enemy - the USSR - that was given an excellent reason to spend billions on the arms race. Remember, when the Soviet Union was all, the question was about the dissolution of NATO, there was no one to fight with. Well, Iran and Iraq helped, but China began to develop by leaps and bounds ...

But here we have not only the Navy plus the ILC, but also the Coast Guard, which also decided to fight with someone. Which is surprising on the whole, since the role of the BO is precisely this - the protection of the near borders, to which someone else must approach. You know, it is very doubtful that the Russian fleet, that the Chinese, near the US maritime borders ...

We remember during the Trump presidency there was an incident with North Korea (inglorious) and claims to Iran, whose small floating craft accompanied the US Navy ships in the Gulf.

The main thing, indeed, is to find the enemy. So here's another quote from the doc:

“Ships of the Navy and Coast Guard are conducting operations to ensure freedom of navigation around the world, challenging excessive and illegal maritime claims. Coast Guard boats and law enforcement units aboard Navy and Allied ships exercise unique powers to combat terrorism, proliferation weapons, transnational crime and piracy. All three services enforce sanctions through maritime interdiction operations, often as part of international task forces. ”


Considering that the Coast Guard (BO) is not (and has never been) part of the Ministry of Defense, being subordinate first to the Ministry of Transport, and then to the Ministry of National Security, the triad looks peculiar, but logical. If we also take into account that BO ships are staggering around the world, protecting, for example, the coast (more precisely, oil rigs) of Iraq, then everything is clear.

In general, BO also wants to fight against everyone. Against smugglers, terrorists and just "bad guys". Why not, if the sums for it shine?

These mentions in the text, which Trevithick emphasized, of some "unique authorities" and "additional law enforcement agencies" in relation to the Coast Guard, only emphasizes the value of this structure and the importance of integrating BO into operations conducted by the Navy and the ILC.

It is logical, by the way, because BO is 250 ships and more than 200 patrol aircraft. And the Charter does not really say which specific shores are protected by the BO. What will be ordered.

In addition, the BO has its own code, its own charter and, in principle, the service is more flexible than the naval and marine structures. It should not be disregarded that BOs have the right to poke their nose not only in safety issues, but also, for example, in fishing. That is, the triad of the Navy + KMP + BO gets the opportunity to act more flexibly in their interests.

In reality, sailors and marines cannot legally do much of what Coast Guards can. The marine environment cannot be protected. Icebreaker support cannot be carried out in the Arctic, for example. And other equally useful things.

So, preparing for the battles of the future, with "aggressive" Russia and China, the ships and personnel of the Coast Guard will not be superfluous. A serious fight is planned ... It is necessary to mobilize all reserves in terms of preparation!

Overall, the document is interesting. In it, one can quite clearly trace both the desire to expand operations, let's say, of a traditional nature, and something new. What, in fact, is the need for a more flexible Coast Guard structure.

“Effective competition maintains a rule-based order, denies our competitors' use of gradual coercion, and creates space for American diplomatic, political, economic, and technological advantages to prevail over the long term. Working together with our allies and partners, our operations, exercises and warfare must create the conditions for a future in which our rivals will be deterred from harmful behavior and aggression — and, if deterrence fails, a future in which they will be defeated. ”

In general, it is reasonable. The new naval strategy, coupled with preparations for future major conflicts, if the American side is seriously considering participation in such conflicts, can lead to certain results.

However, how effective the leadership of the triad will be is an open question. It is clear that the BO can be transferred, if necessary, under the command of the Ministry of Defense, but how quickly will new control chains be developed?

And the last thing. Probably the most important thing.

Aggressive China and aggressive Russia towards the United States, starting a new war. Here is the US fleet, which is going to restore order somewhere to the shores of North Korea or China, I can imagine. But the Russian one somewhere ... Yes, anywhere, we will have to collect ships from all fleets for six months only in one pile to get something more or less meaningful and striking. And you get a very conditional shock.

In general, of course, new concepts and tactics are good. But, as it seems to me from Trevithick's words, it is about conditional opponents and unconditional money. Moreover, unconditional money for training, testing, etc. is much more important than the existence of a real threat from China and Russia. Moreover, the real threat is not particularly needed. It is enough to draw beautifully, and then on the knurled one.

In general, presidents change, the essence of American politics remains. Spend money on confronting a virtual enemy. But at least they will work out how the Coast Guard icebreakers will conduct ships in Arctic waters. Why, I don't know, but it will look very, very meaningful.
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 23 December 2020 05: 02
    +2
    At one time, very serious ships of 1135 projects were put into operation at the sea border guards (the KGB in general). Will our country get an adequate response to the current maritime claims of the YUSovtsev coast guard?
    1. New Year day
      New Year day 23 December 2020 05: 08
      +6
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      serious ships 1135

      The petrel was good for those times, even scared the bulk of the Americans. In the border version, he remained in the Ukraine - Sagaidachny, in the naval version on the Black Sea Fleet - Smetlivy. On the basis of their hulls, frigates are made.
      Logically, the border ship does not need a super-duper weapon.
      1. Luty
        Luty 23 December 2020 08: 04
        +4
        Sharp is the project BOD 61. But the Petrels at the Black Sea Fleet are Ladny and Pytlivy. The 1135 project itself is very successful and quite budgetary.
        1. New Year day
          New Year day 23 December 2020 08: 08
          +1
          Quote: Luty
          Inquisitive

          Exactly, forgot
      2. Machito
        Machito 23 December 2020 10: 47
        +5
        The aggressive fleets of Russia and China prevent "peaceful" American destroyers armed with long-range cruise missiles from entering their hostile territorial waters. The deceit of American gangsters knows no bounds. No Coastal Defense will stop it.
        1. Starover_Z
          Starover_Z 23 December 2020 18: 29
          0
          In the past few years alone, there has been a noticeable spike in messages about collisions near borders during aggressive clashes between US Navy warships and their Chinese and Russian counterparts

          And it was weak to clarify in which seas and near whose borders do US ships "collide" with Russian or Chinese ships ?!
        2. lucul
          lucul 23 December 2020 20: 03
          -5
          The aggressive fleets of Russia and China prevent "peaceful" American destroyers armed with long-range cruise missiles from entering their hostile territorial waters. The deceit of American gangsters knows no bounds. No Coastal Defense will stop it.

          That's for sure . Skomorokhov could not ignore such a topic.)))
          Notice how few comments under the article, where they sneer at the "employer" of many bots on VO.
          But as soon as an article appears that haunts Russia, 200-300 comments of dirt on Russia immediately from below.)))
          That's how we live ))))
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          1. Volder
            Volder 23 December 2020 11: 35
            +3
            Quote: Civil
            It is squalor to become an enemy of a powerful enemy without having the money and support of the population for this.
            Sorry, but making the US an enemy is not our choice. It is the United States that is persistently trying to become an enemy of Russia. We have to somehow respond to this ... Defense-response actions of the Russian Federation will always be supported by patriotic Russians. In 1941, the citizens and leadership of the USSR were convinced that Germany was not threatening us. I am already silent about the attack of the French in 1812. History lessons learned ...
            1. Civil
              Civil 23 December 2020 12: 10
              +1
              Quote: Volder
              In 1941, the citizens and leadership of the USSR were sure that Germany was not threatening us

              The USSR was a socialist country, not a private shop as it is now. Citizens defended primarily the socialist system, not private oil rigs.
              1. Usher
                Usher 25 December 2020 02: 40
                0
                Quote: Civil
                Quote: Volder
                In 1941, the citizens and leadership of the USSR were sure that Germany was not threatening us

                The USSR was a socialist country, not a private shop as it is now. Citizens defended primarily the socialist system, not private oil rigs.

                And that apart from private property there is nothing in Russia? For you, the Motherland is a private oil rig? Strange logic.
                1. Civil
                  Civil 25 December 2020 07: 17
                  0
                  Quote: Usher
                  And that apart from private property there is nothing in Russia? For you, the Motherland is a private oil rig? Strange logic.

                  What is there? Fairness, equality? What is left of the achievements of the Revolution? Everything is more or less valuable, but private.
                  1. Usher
                    Usher 26 December 2020 02: 59
                    -1
                    Have you fallen from the moon? We have been like a market economy for 30 years. What are the achievements of the Revolution? They lost everything in the 80s and 90s, everyone wanted jeans and gum. Receive and sign. Or forgot Tsoi's songs of "change"? Here they are, then! It's too late to drink Borjomi when the kidneys fail.
              2. Volder
                Volder 26 December 2020 13: 08
                -2
                Quote: Civil
                Citizens defended primarily the socialist system, not private oil rigs.
                If you ask any surviving WWII veteran what he defended in 1941-45, you will be surprised to find that the "socialist system" will not be mentioned by them. But it will mention something from which you are too far mentally, spiritually, and mentally ...
                1. Civil
                  Civil 26 December 2020 13: 13
                  0
                  Quote: Volder
                  If you ask any surviving WWII veteran what he defended in 1941-45,

                  A veteran like you will spit in the face for what people like you did to the Motherland, but for all this they definitely did not fight.
                  1. Volder
                    Volder 26 December 2020 14: 22
                    -2
                    Quote: Civil
                    A veteran like you will spit in the face for what people like you did to the Motherland, but for all this they definitely did not fight.
                    Veterans fought for the lives of people (including for future generations), for their native land (Motherland), for world peace. And certainly not for what your unwise head thinks about. Accordingly, if a war breaks out today, the citizens of the Russian Federation will go to fight again for the same thing. Although you probably think they won't. Your right to think so. You can go and surrender now.
  2. New Year day
    New Year day 23 December 2020 05: 02
    +6
    ... In general, presidents change, the essence of American politics remains.

    American politics is like an aircraft carrier that follows its own course regardless of who is in command of the bridge. Therefore, it is predictable.
    A strong state is strong because it can do what it wants and it won't get anything for it. Alas, this is so.
    And if they also pay for it!
    Nothing changes in this world. They respect and fear strength, beat the weak.
    1. Uncle lee
      Uncle lee 23 December 2020 05: 24
      +9
      Quote: Silvestr
      American politics is like an aircraft carrier

      Who rushes to the Spanish lighthouse and orders him to get out of his way! angry
      1. New Year day
        New Year day 23 December 2020 05: 28
        +2
        Quote: Uncle Lee
        Who rushes to the Spanish lighthouse and orders him to get out of his way!

        Zadornov is good, no words. But not only they have duremars, they are everywhere. In general, their fleet is not so bad. Respect the enemy
        1. Uncle lee
          Uncle lee 23 December 2020 05: 54
          +5
          Quote: Silvestr
          Respect the enemy

          I agree .... Svyatoslav used to say to the enemies: I'm going for you!
        2. Usher
          Usher 25 December 2020 02: 41
          0
          Quote: Silvestr
          Quote: Uncle Lee
          Who rushes to the Spanish lighthouse and orders him to get out of his way!

          Zadornov is good, no words. But not only they have duremars, they are everywhere. In general, their fleet is not so bad. Respect the enemy

          For what to respect that? Respect for deeds, not show-off.
  3. Lipchanin
    Lipchanin 23 December 2020 05: 33
    -1
    Everything is clear and not new
  4. Runway
    Runway 23 December 2020 05: 51
    +1
    The author is not familiar with the concept of operational subordination? Yankees broadcast to the domestic "market" of patriots. The leitmotif at the "crossroads" of two presidents (glory to God and the Constitution - we have the only laughing ) - obvious = budget-s.
  5. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 23 December 2020 06: 26
    +4
    New strategy: US naval forces will respond more decisively to Chinese and Russian aggression
    The "new strategy" does not contain anything new; everything is old from the Cold War times only more aggressive. But then, at least a little, they adhered to some unspoken rules, which are completely forgotten today.
    1. WapentakeLokki
      WapentakeLokki 23 December 2020 21: 53
      0
      Yes, they were simply afraid of the totalitarian USSR (they were afraid without a bulldozer), but democratic Russia does not cause such an effect in them. MAX can be drowned in Chihara like Kursk ..
  6. Mykhalych
    Mykhalych 23 December 2020 06: 43
    -1
    "... through the substitution of the SolarWind product code installed on 18 thousand computers, unknown cybercriminals have gained access to data since March State Department, Pentagon, ministries of trade, justice, finance, internal security and a number of others. In total, according to Microsoft, more than 40 structures were attacked - 80% of them are American, and the rest are Canadian, Israeli, British and from other countries. "- so that Russia knew everything about that New (for Americans, "the US naval concept. winked
  7. Land defence
    Land defence 23 December 2020 07: 00
    +11
    Looks like they started to suspect something ... lol
  8. Lex_is
    Lex_is 23 December 2020 08: 14
    +4
    It is a pity that Roman, as usual, read the title and rushed off into the jungle of his strange fantasies.
    The document is very interesting and, in general terms, describes what exactly the United States plans to do in the time preceding the conflict, in conditions of conflict and in conditions of hostilities. Where they are going to do it he also describes:
    In the coming decades, the Arctic region will undergo changes that will have a significant impact on the global economy, given its rich natural resources and strategic location.

    How and why is the United States and the Arctic in the first place:
    China views the region as a critical link in its Belt and Road Initiative.


    Those who speak the language and the brain highly recommend reading the original.
  9. parusnik
    parusnik 23 December 2020 08: 20
    +2
    Overall, the document is interesting
    ..No droplets. The general meaning, give money and give. Any military industrial complex in the world, without money, will die, and no one will let him die, it is too much tied to it.
  10. Peaceful SEO
    Peaceful SEO 23 December 2020 14: 12
    0
    In the past few years alone, there has been a noticeable spike in reports of clashes near borders during aggressive clashes between US Navy warships and their Chinese and Russian counterparts.

    Handsome men, what can I say. Why did you forget to mention that all these "aggressive" clashes were at the borders of Russia and China, and not at the borders of the United States?
  11. zenion
    zenion 23 December 2020 15: 33
    -2
    They are building ships in America, they are of dual purpose. If a missile or a projectile hits the ship, it immediately turns into a submarine. To lull the enemy, the ship immediately lies down on the ground, with the entire crew.
  12. ratcatcher
    ratcatcher 23 December 2020 20: 17
    +1
    All the same, it is worth referring to the source, and not just the clumsy translation.
    "Not enough shooting" - original full phrase: However, there is also a very important underlying discussion about adopting a more assertive approach to responding to day-to-day challenges, especially from China, and to a lesser extent, Russia, among other potential adversaries, that are short of a shooting war.

    In my opinion, the immediate meaning is challenges .... that are short of a shooting war in this case, "challenges that .... reduce the possibility of waging war."
  13. Machete
    Machete 24 December 2020 12: 00
    0
    A war on two fronts with enemies equal to you and in some way superior to you is delirium and suicide.
  14. VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK
    VLADIMIR VLADIVOSTOK 3 January 2021 07: 19
    0
    Why discuss Napoleon's speech from the psychiatric hospital!