Military Review

The pilot who exceeded the speed of sound for the first time passed away

46

Charles Elwood Yeager was born on February 13, 1923 in West Virginia.

After graduating from high school in June 1941, he was drafted into the United States Air Force with the training of an aircraft mechanic. After the entry of the United States into World War II in December 1941 and the change in the standards of the United States Air Force, thanks to the pilot's natural talent and unusually keen eyesight, he was accepted for flight training.

Charles Yeager is a World War II veteran. In June 1943, he arrived at Leiston, RAF, as a fighter pilot with the 357th Fighter Group of the United States Air Force. During the fighting, he replaced three P-51 Mustang fighters, each of which named Glamorous Glen - in honor of his girlfriend Glennis. (in February 1945 she became his wife). On March 5, 1944, during his eighth sortie, he was shot down over the territory of occupied France, fought in the ranks of the French Resistance, fled to Spain and returned to Great Britain, obtained permission to participate in battles from the commander-in-chief of the Allied forces in Europe, General Dwight Eisenhower. On October 12, 1944, in one combat mission, he shot down five enemy aircraft. He flew 61 combat missions, 11 shot down enemy aircraft and one possibly shot down were officially confirmed; including the Me 262 jet fighter.

In February 1945, he returned to the United States and, as a soldier who had escaped from captivity and returned to duty, chose a duty station near his home, at Wright Field US Air Force Base (now Wright-Patterson US Space Force base), as a pilot - tester of aircraft that have undergone repair. Served in the flight test department aviation systems, graduated from the Graduate Flight School of Aviation Support, after which he accepted an offer to participate in the flight test program of experimental aircraft X-1 of the US National Aeronautics Council NACA; now NASA) at Murok Air Force Base (now Edwards Space Force Base, California).

Charles Yeager wrote his name in history conquering the sky, performing on October 14, 1947, a flight on an experimental Bell X-1 Glamorous Glennis rocket plane, during which for the first time in history it exceeded the speed of sound (Mach 1,05).

On December 12, 1953, on an experimental Bell X-1A rocket plane, Yeager set a new flight speed record - Mach 2,44.

On May 18, 1953, Yeager flew the Saber 3 escort, piloted by Jacqueline "Jackie" Cochran, who became the world's first woman to break the sound barrier on this flight.

Yeager commanded several squadrons and wings of the United States Air Force in the United States, West Germany, France, Spain, Republic of Korea. Member of the Vietnam War, flew 127 combat missions. In 1962, he became head of the US Air Force Test Pilot School, where future astronauts were trained - civil (for NASA) and the military (for the US Air Force). Yeager himself could not become an astronaut, since he had only a secondary education.

In 1975 he retired with the rank of brigadier general of the US Air Force, from time to time he continued flights to the US Air Force and NASA as a consultant. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, he set several records in the class of light aircraft for speed, range and endurance. Repeated his record flight in the F-15D Eagle Glamorous Glennis III on October 14, 1997. This flight was to be his last for the US Air Force. However, in 2000 he was called back, and he continued to fly until the end of 2012. Yeager made one of his last flights at the age of 89 on October 14, 2012, once again breaking the sound barrier over Nellis Air Force Base as co-pilot of the McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle.

In 1986, US President Ronald Reagan appointed Yeager to serve on the Rogers Commission to investigate the January 28, 1986 disaster of the Space Shuttle and the Challenger spacecraft.

Charles Yeager became one of the main characters in Tom Wolfe's book The Right Stuff ("The Right Stuff", 1979), which told about experimental rocket aviation, the creation of NASA and the manned program Mercury. In 1983, based on the book, a film of the same name was staged (in Russian translation "Guys What You Need"), where Samuel Shepard played Charles Yeager, and Yeager himself played Fred, the bartender from Pancho Place.

Charles Yeager was a technical consultant for three flight simulation video games for Electronic Arts. Chuck Yeager's Advanced Flight Trainer, which made extensive use of his character and voice, became Electronic Arts' best-selling game in 1987.

He was awarded many medals and insignia of the United States and other countries, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the Silver Star medal with bronze oak leaves (the Aces medal), the Bronze Star medal with the bronze coat of arms of valor (for helping to save a comrade pilot from occupied France), a medal for victory in World War II. His name is inducted into the National Aeronautics Hall of Fame and the International Aeronautics and Astronautics Hall of Fame. Many times he was recognized as one of the greatest pilots of all time.
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  1. tasha
    tasha 10 December 2020 06: 43
    +22
    Clear skies for you, pilot Charles Yeager in the new world!
    Yes, it's a man ...
    1. Finches
      Finches 10 December 2020 06: 46
      +16
      I will give military honors to this Anglo-Saxon! soldier
      1. Aerodrome
        Aerodrome 10 December 2020 06: 56
        +10
        Eternal Flight Charles Yeager soldier
        1. Profiler
          Profiler 10 December 2020 07: 12
          +14
          Quote: Aerodrome
          Eternal Flight Charles Yeager soldier

          Perhaps I will join your last parting words to the Pilot.
          And I will add that I was somewhat surprised that Chuck Yeager was still alive, because it seems that a whole ETERNITY has passed since the first tests to overcome the "sound barrier" with his participation took place ...
          And he lived, almost 98 years, and not a small part of his life, more than 60 years (!!!) - as a pilot, front-line soldier (11 shot down Luftwaffe aircraft, one of which is the jet Me-262 "Schwalbe" / Swallow), this is for him belongs to the famous phrase - "When I first saw a jet plane, I shot it down." , and as an outstanding test pilot.


          Bell X-1

          1. beeper
            beeper 10 December 2020 10: 59
            +2
            Somewhere, it seems in the magazine "Aviation and Time", in the late 90s and early 2000s I saw a photo of Chuck Jaeger next to our MiG-15 captured by the Americans in Korea.
            It was C. Yeger who was the first to test this Soviet jet fighter at a US airbase.
            1. Profiler
              Profiler 11 December 2020 07: 01
              +3
              Quote: pishchak
              Somewhere, it seems in the magazine "Aviation and Time", in the late 90s and early 2000s I saw a photo of Chuck Jaeger next to our MiG-15 captured by the Americans in Korea.
              It was C. Yeger who was the first to test this Soviet jet fighter at a US airbase.

              The MiG-15 was hijacked to South Korea by a North Korean defector.
              And the plane was really tested by Yeager, and even came across information (I don't know how much she can be trusted) that he initially refused to "fly around" the Soviet car, but by order he had to agree.
              1. beeper
                beeper 11 December 2020 09: 11
                0
                Quote: Profiler
                Quote: pishchak
                Somewhere, it seems in the magazine "Aviation and Time", in the late 90s and early 2000s I saw a photo of Chuck Jaeger next to our MiG-15 captured by the Americans in Korea.
                It was C. Yeger who was the first to test this Soviet jet fighter at a US airbase.

                The MiG-15 was hijacked to South Korea by a North Korean defector.
                And the plane was really tested by Yeager, and even came across information (I don't know how much she can be trusted) that he initially refused to "fly around" the Soviet car, but by order he had to agree.

                hi Profiler, Thank you for your Feedback and Addition! good
                And in more detail this story with the capture (with the money "prize" promised by the Americans to the defector pilot) of the MiG was described in the same magazine! yes

                Well, after the years and the stresses I have experienced, I have already forgotten exactly how Yeager achieved supersonic speed - in a dive or for the first time - in horizontal flight (as far as I know, this was then, at the dawn of supersonic, it was fundamentally important, because even the Me-262, with their wing profile, with a shift in the focus of the lift at transonic speeds and stalling into an already uncontrollable dive, from a great height, it happened, they reached supersonic, for the only and last time, before meeting the ground ?!) ?! winked
                1. Profiler
                  Profiler 20 December 2020 09: 28
                  0
                  Quote: pishchak
                  Well, due to the remoteness of the years and the stresses experienced, I have already forgotten how exactly Yeager achieved supersonic speed - in a dive or for the first time in horizontal flight

                  But on this device - Bell X-1, photo above, in my comments.
                  1. beeper
                    beeper 22 December 2020 10: 12
                    0
                    hi Plus did not understand from me who and for what minus! what
                    Thanks for your answer, Profiler! yes
                    I was not interested in the plane itself, but in horizontal flight or in a dive (after all, the British and Americans, since 1943, have experimented with reaching transonic speeds, steeply diving from a great height on Spitfires and Mustangs, thus reaching even 0,85 ÷ 0,92M! ) supersonic speed has been reached!
                    So, who is also interested - Chuck Yeager for the first time exceeded the speed of sound, the conditional Mach number, precisely in a gentle dive!
      2. 210ox
        210ox 10 December 2020 08: 28
        +7
        The man has lived a long and glorious life. Worth respect.
      3. Private-K
        Private-K 10 December 2020 09: 31
        +3
        Yes.
        Only judging by the last name he is a German from the first or second generation of immigrants born in the United States.
        Clarified: the father is an ethnic German, the mother is an English American.
  2. Uncle lee
    Uncle lee 10 December 2020 06: 47
    +15
    What can I say - American Valery Chkalov! hi Ace!
    1. Pete mitchell
      Pete mitchell 10 December 2020 11: 20
      +4
      A person served his country with dignity, respect and memory
  3. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 10 December 2020 06: 52
    +10
    Bright memory! The great pilot has gone to heaven forever! Thanks for the Victory, our ally!
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 10 December 2020 07: 00
    +9
    Each country has its own honored people and heroes, which it is proud of.
  5. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 10 December 2020 07: 01
    +16
    Legendary person. No impurities. As if a nuclear reactor is built into it ... What energy.
    Veteran! Rest in peace.
  6. Thrifty
    Thrifty 10 December 2020 07: 13
    +6
    I have lived not just a long but also a rich, useful, if I may say so, life! hi
  7. Doccor18
    Doccor18 10 December 2020 07: 14
    +8
    Eternal memory to the conquerors of heaven ...

    On October 12, 1944, in one combat mission, he shot down five enemy aircraft.

    I wonder what kind of planes they were, and who sat at the controls of these planes ..?
    five! in one flight ..
    We remember Burnet and Horovets, the greatest were Ases!
  8. Private SA
    Private SA 10 December 2020 07: 18
    +4
    "To give the honor."
    1. Profiler
      Profiler 10 December 2020 08: 23
      +7
      Quote: Private SA
      "To give the honor."

      stop No. No. No. - Pay homage!
  9. Bshkaus
    Bshkaus 10 December 2020 07: 20
    +8
    The fact that the man is "flint" is evidenced by the fact that even couch patriots are afraid to open their mouths and say goodness about him, although many of them first heard his name. Testers of aviation and space testers of the first generation of HEROES regardless of nationality. Yeager, Gagarin, Armstrong and many, many others are no longer people, but the world history of aviation and astronautics
    1. Quadro
      Quadro 10 December 2020 08: 37
      -6
      What does the patriots have to do with it? Master level binder.
      1. Buffet
        Buffet 10 December 2020 13: 19
        +3
        No, he's right. Because yesterday they rejoiced at the death of the American pilot. It's strange that you can't hear them here now ...
        1. Bshkaus
          Bshkaus 10 December 2020 17: 58
          0
          No, he's right. Because yesterday they rejoiced at the death of the American pilot. It's strange that you can't hear them here now ...

          Thank you for understanding
  10. RealPilot
    RealPilot 10 December 2020 07: 21
    +5
    Quote: serg.shishkov2015
    Bright memory! The great pilot has gone to heaven forever! Thanks for the Victory, our ally!

    But YES!
    Thank you for reminding me. He fought as our ally soldier
    Hooray! High sky and good luck in the eternal flight of this hero good
  11. askort154
    askort154 10 December 2020 07: 36
    +5
    A man of amazing destiny. It's hard to believe ! His life path
    fashionable to paint for dozens of people. He is truly a man of legend.
  12. anclevalico
    anclevalico 10 December 2020 07: 41
    -21%
    And why is everyone making so much noise? Well, another killer died. How many people he killed in Korea and Vietnam? The earth is glassy for him!
    1. Maximilian37
      Maximilian37 10 December 2020 07: 55
      -14%
      so the liberals got horny laughing .
    2. Private SA
      Private SA 10 December 2020 07: 59
      +20
      Quote: anclevalico
      And why is everyone making so much noise? Well, another killer died. How many people he killed in Korea and Vietnam? The earth is glassy for him!

      You still wish Kozhedub after Korea the same. A fucking humanist and a fucking patriot.
      1. Quadro
        Quadro 10 December 2020 08: 40
        -10%
        Well, that is, if a person does not care, then a patriot (which is considered an insult by the local public at the level of the echo of Moscow and the meaning of this word is altered), and if not all the same - a good elf citizen of the world? Heal ...
        1. Bshkaus
          Bshkaus 10 December 2020 18: 13
          +2
          Well, that is, if a person does not care, then a patriot (which is considered an insult by the local public at the level of the echo of Moscow and the meaning of this word is altered), and if not all the same - a good elf citizen of the world? Heal ...

          Listen, for example, I was also a researcher of aviation and space technology, and on the way from work in the car I always listen to the "echo of Moscow". Now I go to the subway and read VO. Do you have any questions? Can I burn my car for the fact that the radio is tuned to 91,2, or throw my smartphone under the train because it is defiled by the launch of the Military Review website? Sorry, but for vulgar fanaticism, it is not the content of the ideology that is important, but the zealous imposition of your point of view and blind faith in your righteousness.
          1. Looking for
            Looking for 10 December 2020 18: 40
            -3
            And is it really bad to blind faith in your innocence. The Nazis, too, called the citizens of the USSR fanatics.
            1. Bshkaus
              Bshkaus 13 December 2020 20: 25
              0
              It is not faith itself that is bad, but blind faith is bad, as you correctly said. That is why she is blind, that a person does not see and does not want to hear anything about his mistakes, and this is the path to nowhere.
      2. Profiler
        Profiler 10 December 2020 09: 08
        +9
        Quote: Private SA
        You still wish Kozhedub after Korea the same. A fucking humanist and a fucking patriot.

        Especially considering that Yeager has never been to Korea or Vietnam ...
    3. The comment was deleted.
  13. KKND
    KKND 10 December 2020 08: 30
    -1
    What is this super grandfather ?! belay Rambo and Batman are resting. yes
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 10 December 2020 08: 46
    +5
    He was a pilot, he loved the sky and his job. Honor and respect, peace to his soul!
  16. EvilLion
    EvilLion 10 December 2020 08: 55
    +5
    In fact, man is one of the symbols of the 20th century, whose life was the conquest of supersonic and space.
  17. vadimtt
    vadimtt 10 December 2020 09: 03
    +5
    The legendary man is gone!
    There were very few of those born to fly.
  18. iouris
    iouris 10 December 2020 10: 49
    -6
    This is pathos. However, let the USA be proud. There are many heroes here.
  19. Iris
    Iris 10 December 2020 11: 19
    +4
    They leave .. Those who remember the War - both with us and with them. It is all the more a pity when those who forged Victory with their own hands leave.
    To live a great human age, to reach all heights in the literal and figurative sense, and to be always connected with the sky - for the Pilot it is a happy life. Rest in Peace, Charles Elwood Yeager! Thanks ally! soldier
  20. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 10 December 2020 11: 56
    +4
    Chelovek, letchik, geroy i nastoyashchaya mirovaya legenda.
  21. ycuce234-san
    ycuce234-san 10 December 2020 15: 46
    0
    "Yeager has commanded several squadrons and wings of the United States Air Force in the United States, West Germany, France, Spain, and the Republic of Korea. Participant in the Vietnam War, flew 127 combat missions."

    In Europe and Asia, however, he is not so unambiguous biographically. If the Vietnamese, Koreans and Chinese ("Chinese volunteers") have grounded claims to him, then on the territory of Europe, only the military power of the USSR, during it, prevented Operation Unthinkable and all variants of plans for atomic bombing. And this person, judging by the biography, had a direct relationship to them as their immediate potential executor and leader, at that historical moment, at the level of the squadron and wing. Therefore, without a normal documented biography, one should not be overly enthusiastic about him - his outstanding scientific and technical achievements and records, at best, tertiary details of his main activity, throughout his life.
    In general, the true heroes of the United States are more likely to serve not in foreign theaters of military operations and overseas airbases, but serve until their final retirement in the Air Force of the US National Guard and do not take part in real wars, participating only in exercises. But they, as befits real heroes, are few in number, unknown and modest; we will not know about them soon. For example, flying on their fighters, quietly and unnoticed, they simultaneously search for those lost in the sea, desert or forest, extinguish fires and fight drug trafficking and criminal migration. Such are the things ...
    1. Fedorovich
      Fedorovich 10 December 2020 17: 38
      +2
      You know, there are enemies who deserve much more respect than other friends.
      1. ycuce234-san
        ycuce234-san 10 December 2020 23: 54
        0
        In 1954, he certainly was actively involved in the preparation of a nuclear attack: "The squadron flew F-86H Sabers and transitioned from air defense to a tactical nuclear mission while under his command." And about the Vietnamese period, he is so modest, short, like a true Spartan (for a hundred and so flights then ...): "Combat has always been the ultimate flying experience for Chuck Yeager and he finally returned to it in 1966 when he took command of the 405th Fighter Wing. With his headquarters at Clark Air Base in the Philippines, Yeager commanded five squadrons and detachments scattered across Southeast Asia: two tactical bomber squadrons flying B-57s out of Clark and Phan Rang Air Base in South Vietnam; a squadron of F-100 fighter-bombers based in Taiwan; a pair of F-102 air defense squadrons flying out of Da Nang, South Vietnam; and detached units flying a variety of aircraft, including F-4s out of places like Da Nang and Udorn and Bankok, Thailand. ".
        Quotes from his website. I think it's better to wait for the documents to be released and the work of professional biographers.
  22. Old26
    Old26 10 December 2020 18: 34
    +2
    Quote: Aerodrome
    Eternal Flight Charles Yeager soldier

    Like there in the song:
    "We, without clinking glasses, drink a hundred
    Rest in peace to you, officer "
  23. Looking for
    Looking for 10 December 2020 18: 41
    -6
    HE WAS AN ENEMY !!! And that's it.