Military Review

The submarine component of the Black Sea Fleet has put the anti-submarine aircraft of the US Navy on the ears near Cyprus. What's happening in the Eastern Mediterranean?

41

While the subject of close attention of numerous domestic military-analytical and news portals and Telegram channels over the past few days, details of the final stage of the naval phase of the multinational naval exercises of the United NATO Navy and the naval forces of the countries - henchmen of the North Atlantic Alliance "See Breeze 2020", as well as a completely ordinary final military air exercise with the use of the P-8A Poseidon anti-submarine aircraft (AvB Sigonella, Italy), the F-16C / D Block 40 multipurpose fighter unit (Aviano Aviano, Italy), a pair of KC-135R air tankers (Moron airbase, Spain) and an attack reconnaissance The UAV MQ-9A "Reaper" (12th Aviation Base of the Polish Air Force "Miroslavets"), a much more significant event for expert analysis, took place on August 3, 2020 in neutral airspace over the Eastern Mediterranean.


From optical-electronic reconnaissance to the search for "Varshavyanka". Operators "Poseidons" had to sweat


In particular, according to the online portal for monitoring regional and global air traffic "PlaneRadar", on August 3, about 100 km from the southern air borders of Cyprus, three long-range anti-submarine aircraft P-8A "Poseidon" with functioning transponders of the A3H-type were recorded simultaneously B, two of which followed the usual route to the northwestern air borders of the Syrian Arab Republic over the provinces of Tartus and Latakia to carry out strategic optical-electronic reconnaissance of the Khmeimim airbase and its environs for tactical activity aviation the operational aviation brigade of the Russian Aerospace Forces and the probable deployment of additional anti-aircraft missile systems designed to form a more powerful echeloned anti-missile "umbrella" over the air base. Meanwhile, it is well known that the US Navy command in Europe and Africa traditionally used only one long-range anti-submarine aircraft P-720A to carry out ordinary optical-electronic reconnaissance of the military infrastructure of the Avb Khmeimim and the 8th logistical support point of the Russian Navy in Tartus. Poseidon ”, equipped with an MX-20HD multispectral optoelectronic turret.

Possessing medium-wave infrared (3-5 mm), daytime television and low-level television viewing channels with an optical zoom of about 75X (and the possibility of additional digital zoom up to 200-250X), even one MX-20HD optoelectronic complex, subject to a high meteorological visibility range, is capable of provide the Poseidon operator with comprehensive information on any changes at the reconnaissance facility (from the fact of deploying additional air defense systems to determining modifications of tactical aircraft and identifying missile and bomb weapons on their hardpoints). A completely logical question arises: what made the headquarters of the US Navy in Europe and Africa send three Poseidons simultaneously into neutral airspace over the Eastern Mediterranean?

It is quite obvious that in this case we are talking about the performance of "Poseidons" not only optical-electronic reconnaissance, but also about the use of these machines directly for their intended purpose - the implementation of hydroacoustic reconnaissance, which consists in monitoring the underwater space for the presence of submarines of a potential enemy with an ultra-small acoustic signature. One of the six low-noise diesel-electric submarines of pr. 8 "Varshavyanka" of the 636.3th separate submarine brigade of the Chernomorsky could well become the subject of interest of the sonar operators of the three P-4A "Poseidon" fleet, which in the "sneaking" mode approached the RAF Akrotiri airbase (Cyprus) to assess the efficiency of the anti-submarine defense of the NATO Naval Forces. This is evidenced by the loitering route of one of the three Poseidons, reflected on the map of the resource "PlaneRadar"

It is logical to assume that it was very difficult to calculate the location of the submarine of this project even with the help of a certain number of advanced sonar buoys ANSSQ-125 MAC, AN / SSQ-62D / E DICASS and AN / SSQ-101B ADAR directional and non-directional action, equipped with highly sensitive hydrophones and capable function in active and passive modes.

To detect Varshavyanka in the active mode, the distance between the reconnaissance submarine and the sound-emitting source (dropped from an anti-submarine aircraft by an explosive package or a sound-emitting module integrated into the buoy's radio electronic equipment) must be minimal (and this is not taking into account the factor of complex bottom relief, which makes it possible to hide the submarine from the buoy radiation) ... As for the passive direction finding mode by means of the RSL, opening the location of the diesel-electric submarine pr. 636.3, which has an acoustic noise of about 30-35 dB in the "sneaking" mode, will be obtained at a distance of about 5-7 km (in the near zone of convergence / acoustic illumination). These figures may vary depending on both the natural hydrological situation and the intensity of shipping traffic in the area of ​​the Mediterranean Sea, which is replete with spurious acoustic noise from rotating propellers (including cavitation, etc.).

As you can see, the specifics of detecting even a single ultra-low-noise diesel-electric submarine of the Varshavyanka class by means of NATO OVMS anti-submarine aircraft requires detailed and permanent monitoring of each square kilometer of the target sea area using a significant number of hydroacoustic buoys, as well as magnetic anomaly sensors located on board more than one anti-submarine patrol aircraft P-8A.
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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 6 August 2020 05: 13 New
    14
    Well, what can I say, this option is not just probable, we are watching NATO, they are trying to prevent us from doing this. So, Eugene, you probably described one of the fragments of the eternal confrontation between Russia and NATO hi
    1. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 6 August 2020 06: 01 New
      +4
      Quote: Thrifty
      you probably described one of the fragments of the eternal confrontation between Russia and NATO

      Which, alas and ah, will never end. request
      1. Imperial Technocrat
        Imperial Technocrat 6 August 2020 21: 29 New
        -3
        It will end, and very quickly. In November, a civil war will begin in the United States, after which immediately - a cascading collapse of the current world architecture. In just six months you won't recognize the world
        1. Lipchanin
          Lipchanin 6 August 2020 21: 49 New
          -3
          Quote: Imperial Technocrat
          In November, a civil war will begin in the United States, after which immediately - a cascading collapse of the current world architecture. In just six months you won't recognize the world

          belay Why are such passions frightened? belay
          1. Imperial Technocrat
            Imperial Technocrat 6 August 2020 23: 06 New
            -2
            The Rothschilds are losing this global hybrid war. It's about February 1945
            1. viktor.
              viktor. 10 August 2020 17: 33 New
              +1
              What are you Sadanul today? Yours or your neighbor's? laughing good
              Quote: Imperial Technocrat
              The Rothschilds are losing this global hybrid war. It's about February 1945
      2. andrew.strygin
        andrew.strygin 7 August 2020 00: 16 New
        -1
        Russia is the successor to the USSR. NATO was created to fight the USSR. That's no fucking ...
    2. antivirus
      antivirus 6 August 2020 08: 07 New
      +1
      finally, the United States took up their usual business - protecting democracy from the Russians
  2. 7,62h54
    7,62h54 6 August 2020 06: 13 New
    15
    Fortune telling on coffee grounds from coffee drunk early in the morning. Was Varshavyanka or not, where and why Poseidon flew.
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 6 August 2020 07: 03 New
      +9
      "Sweat" - this is how the author saw sitting in the cockpit of "Poseidon"? Or at the headquarters of the Americans? Or did he come up with it himself? "News" from the category - "and I'll wind it up, I'll get more on the event of my conjectures", that is, "we will soon defeat everyone" with no analogues "weapon", "how are we! ...." ....
      1. Pytnik
        Pytnik 6 August 2020 07: 48 New
        +1
        Everything is bad, everything is lost to you in the next branch to the river. skomorokhovu, there are all your
      2. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 6 August 2020 07: 59 New
        -10
        Snitcher, my entire site is littered with blocks of contextual advertising. And the titles are like songs --- you read it and feel joyful in your soul.
        "Calibrated greetings from the Gulf of Mexico", "The victory over Japan was won not by the atomic bomb, but by the Red Army", "Shah and Mate --- Su-57 and Armata enter the battle", and so on. At first, I was sad from such headlines, but now it's the other way around .... this kind of state agitation is very amusing, namely the state, our money is spent on such mediocre propaganda. I do not deny that there is propaganda in the existence of any country or forest tribe. This is a useful and necessary product as a whole, but how openly the current administration is screwing up, placing such arrogant cheap things. I thought it was the work of the 525th battalion of the US information war, in order to undermine our foundations with such vulgarity and tear out the main scrap. An, no, the second cousin of the Muscovite popularly explained the price of such headlines and the company pays for this wave with state capital rubles. Such are the things in the Moskovskaya Army. OS. Hehe, but for me the state employee is rather ho-ho
        1. Cop
          Cop 6 August 2020 10: 40 New
          +6
          Quote: Thunderbolt
          But, no, the second cousin of the Muscovite popularly explained the price of such headlines and the company pays for this wave with state capital rubles.
          But what is your .... knowledgeable bro ... Do not share with us .... his innermost thoughts?
        2. Johann Klassen
          Johann Klassen 7 August 2020 00: 43 New
          -1
          Have you been released from the Institute of Psychiatry long ago?
          However, you don't have to answer.
          I, as a doctor, will try to understand you ...
      3. andrew.strygin
        andrew.strygin 7 August 2020 00: 18 New
        +1
        The author is quite specific. Instead of one Poseidon raised three. Everything in the article is logical.
      4. businessv
        businessv 8 August 2020 11: 32 New
        +3
        Quote: Snail N9
        "Sweat" - this is how the author saw sitting in the cockpit of "Poseidon"? Or at the headquarters of the Americans? Or did he come up with it himself?
        Come on, colleague, why joke if instead of one plane, three are used !? Maybe I'm not so observant, but this is the first time in my memory. And it’s really interesting why and according to what scheme these scouts are working?
    2. Eldorado
      Eldorado 6 August 2020 09: 26 New
      15
      Not fortune telling. On amerovsky sites, indeed, from yesterday, there are satellite pictures of the base in Tartus. And there are no two of our "Varshavyanochki" there. And they were there! Where did that go?
      In their search and participated "Poseidons"
  3. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 6 August 2020 06: 39 New
    +1
    As you see, the specificity of detecting even a single ultra-low-noise diesel-electric submarine of the "Varshavyanka" class by means of NATO anti-submarine aviation requires detailed and permanent monitoring of every square kilometer of the target sea area using a significant number of sonar buoys, as well as magnetic anomaly sensors located on board far from one P-8A anti-submarine patrol aircraft.

    Yes, we see everything. Only Russian air defense systems are not limited to the "Verba" MANPADS. And all these Poseidons are very vulnerable (in which case).
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 6 August 2020 06: 48 New
    +6
    I read that the Poseidon operators had to sweat, read about the performance characteristics of American buoys, read the conclusion
    ... requires detailed and permanent monitoring of every square kilometer of the target sea area ...
    and finally I realized with my own little mind - to find a Russian boat you have to make a lot of effort and spend a certain amount of effort and money. Who said it would be easy?
    1. Kart
      Kart 6 August 2020 09: 50 New
      +4
      Here are some of the comrades in the comments above claiming that this is all agitation.
      That in fact the United States is divinely strong, and in Russia even propaganda is mediocre.
      Well, in general, the same song.
  5. Incompetent
    Incompetent 6 August 2020 07: 20 New
    +3
    If this infa is really true, then it is not clear from where the ovs have so much arrogance ... Like we now have so many smart buoys and robots that Russian submarines have no chance, but it turns out that the submarine can now be heard only 5-7 km away
  6. Aag
    Aag 6 August 2020 07: 49 New
    +3
    Let's hope there will be interesting comments from people who know ...
  7. Bez 310
    Bez 310 6 August 2020 09: 56 New
    +1
    "Operation" is very powerful! In general, the author picked up the headlines, and skillfully operates with them.
  8. Alexander Arkhipov
    Alexander Arkhipov 6 August 2020 10: 09 New
    +6
    Slightly differently. Varshavyanka fired a torpedo with a noise generator and lay down. And the coast watched as the NATO members were working out the search with the maximum presence of Poseidons. In general, we trained them to determine the gap and the possibility of leaving the search area.
    1. mdsr
      mdsr 6 August 2020 16: 28 New
      +2
      Quote: Alexander Arkhipov
      Slightly differently. Varshavyanka fired a torpedo with a noise generator and lay down

      These are technologies of the last century. It is just the trail of this torpedo that will indicate the direction and area of ​​the search for the submarine lying down or going at the minimum speed to the planes.
      1. Alexander Arkhipov
        Alexander Arkhipov 6 August 2020 17: 04 New
        +5
        Technologies of the new century. The torpedo has an electric drive to the engine, moves away 1.5-2 miles at low speed without a contrail and not in the direction of Varshavyanka, but leaves perpendicular or at an angle. After that, everything that should be turned on, both the noise and the main engine creating the nodal speed.
      2. Alber alber
        Alber alber 6 August 2020 23: 55 New
        +5
        Imitators already from the 90s without a trail of contrails quietly move away from mom and turn in color music, and reconnaissance fixes all the dances of Poseidons, Orions and what else happens from above and below the enemy
  9. Indifferent
    Indifferent 6 August 2020 11: 03 New
    13
    I see nothing surprising! There was a case back in 1982. In the South China Sea, we were going to dive after leaving the Singapore Strait on the surface. Orions 3C knew approximately where we would dive. And they also flew in 3 (three) pieces. One each from Okinawa, one from Australia, and one from the Philippines from Subic Bay. Arranged over the boat "carousel". We looked from the bridge - it became unpleasant. Squeezed! Nuclear boat project 670. Quite noisy by modern standards. Our commander was clever. They put a maneuvering scheme in a pencil case from an IP-46 launch briquette (who knows, and sealed), approached the civilian support ship and threw it on board for the captain. We waited for the sun to set and dived under the steamer. For eight hours we walked with low noise under the ship, then they gave the fullest and for 12 hours we shook like on bumps. We surfaced in touch ... and not a single Orion even on the horizon. Although, according to all the regulations and instructions in the US Navy, the two anti-submarine Orions should not let the nuclear submarine go.
  10. iouris
    iouris 6 August 2020 11: 18 New
    +3
    Was there a boy?
  11. bratchanin3
    bratchanin3 6 August 2020 14: 17 New
    -2
    I always read the articles of the author with interest and pleasure!
  12. Pavel57
    Pavel57 6 August 2020 16: 55 New
    0
    Where are the 6 boats from?
  13. Old26
    Old26 6 August 2020 17: 07 New
    +5
    Quote: Snail N9
    "Sweat" - this is how the author saw sitting in the cockpit of "Poseidon"? Or at the headquarters of the Americans? Or did he come up with it himself? "News" from the category - "and I'll wind it up, I'll get more on the event of my conjectures", that is, "we will soon defeat everyone" with no analogues "weapon", "how are we! ...." ....

    Well what do you want. Article by Evgeny Damantsev. That says it all.
  14. eklmn
    eklmn 6 August 2020 20: 02 New
    0
    I read on one of the Russian sites 5-6 years ago. Russian air defenses tracked the routes of America's Poseidons in the Baltic Sea. The planes flew to a certain place and turned around. Then this place moved several times. When they accidentally compared it with the route of their submarine, then where the submarine did not move there, the planes turned around. Like Is She Still There?
    1. businessv
      businessv 8 August 2020 11: 39 New
      +1
      Quote: eklmn
      When they accidentally compared it with the route of their submarine, then where the submarine did not move there, the planes turned around.

      Usually, such accidents do not happen - the coordinates of enemy reconnaissance planes are tied to the location of our military facilities automatically and it is on this basis that a command is given for their air escort.
  15. Imperial Technocrat
    Imperial Technocrat 6 August 2020 21: 28 New
    0
    Yes, our submarines are a huge problem for the foe
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            1. greenx
              greenx 7 August 2020 12: 46 New
              0
              asdasdasdasd
              1. greenx
                greenx 12 August 2020 14: 19 New
                0
                asdasd asdasd asd
                1. greenx
                  greenx 29 September 2020 10: 18 New
                  0
                  adasdadssad asdasd asdasd
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  17. kartalovkolya
    kartalovkolya 8 August 2020 08: 18 New
    0
    Quote: Thunderbolt
    Snitcher, my entire site is littered with blocks of contextual advertising. And the titles are like songs --- you read it and feel joyful in your soul.
    "Calibrated greetings from the Gulf of Mexico", "The victory over Japan was won not by the atomic bomb, but by the Red Army", "Shah and Mate --- Su-57 and Armata enter the battle", and so on. At first, I was sad from such headlines, but now it's the other way around .... this kind of state agitation is very amusing, namely the state, our money is spent on such mediocre propaganda. I do not deny that there is propaganda in the existence of any country or forest tribe. This is a useful and necessary product as a whole, but how openly the current administration is screwing up, placing such arrogant cheap things. I thought it was the work of the 525th battalion of the US information war, in order to undermine our foundations with such vulgarity and tear out the main scrap. An, no, the second cousin of the Muscovite popularly explained the price of such headlines and the company pays for this wave with state capital rubles. Such are the things in the Moskovskaya Army. OS. Hehe, but for me the state employee is rather ho-ho

    It is not shameful to be a state employee, but to be an IDIOT is shameful !!! Like: "...... my uncle saw how the master was eating ..."!
  18. businessv
    businessv 8 August 2020 11: 35 New
    0
    It is quite obvious that in this case we are talking about the performance by the Poseidons not only of optical-electronic reconnaissance, but also of the use of these machines directly for their intended purpose - the implementation of hydroacoustic reconnaissance, which consists in monitoring the underwater space for the presence of submarines of a potential enemy with an ultra-small acoustic signature.
    Eugene, thanks for the interesting information and their analysis! good
    1. Fizik M
      Fizik M 19 August 2020 03: 10 New
      0
      Quote: businessv
      thanks for the interesting information and their analysis!

      lol
      this is not an "analysis" but analyzes wassat