Military Review

The siege and assault on the German fortress of Breslau: questions and answers on the duration of the operation

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The siege and assault on the German fortress of Breslau: questions and answers on the duration of the operation

In modern Poland, they do not like to recall that a significant part of the country's territory was obtained due to the entry of German lands into the Polish composition. And this happened after the Second World War with the active support of this idea from the Soviet Union. One of the cities that became part of Poland precisely for this reason is Wroclaw. Its German name is Breslau.


For the capture of Breslau in 1945, one of the most stubborn battles of the end of the war unfolded. Moreover, one of the few cases - the Red Army had to organize a siege of the fortress city of Breslau, the garrison of which provided really fierce resistance.

Soviet troops during the operation to capture Breslau suffered significant losses. According to official statistics, such losses are about 7 thousand killed and almost 25 thousand wounded.

The offensive on Breslau began in January 1945. It was started by the fighters of the 1st Ukrainian Front under the command of Ivan Konev. For the defense of the fortified city, the Germans involved literally all those who could hold in their hands weapon. Only on May 6, 1945 was Breslau taken. Such a long operation by many historians is explained by the fact that the command of the Red Army underestimated the enemy’s forces in this direction.

Famous historian Alexei Isaev shares his thoughts on the siege and assault on Breslau and the duration of the operation on the Tactic Media channel:

Photos used:
Wikipedia / Julo
14 comments
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  1. alone
    alone 13 June 2020 13: 37 New
    +7
    The defense of Breslau was headed by the then Gauleiter Karl Hanke .. The last Reichsführer SS .. they were surrounded by Nazi fanatics ..
    In fairness, it should be noted that the siege was mainly held by rifle divisions and several tank regiments. The Soviet command decided to use its power in the main Berlin direction .. And so the siege lasted until May 6 .. We thought strategically
  2. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 13 June 2020 13: 38 New
    0
    It is not for nothing that the Germans called Breslau "German Stalingrad".
    1. Snarkxnumx
      Snarkxnumx 13 June 2020 13: 42 New
      +6
      "It is not for nothing that the Germans called Breslau" German Stalingrad. "
      Very much in vain. The results are different ...
      1. alone
        alone 13 June 2020 13: 53 New
        +7
        Quote: Snark1876
        The results are different ...

        The results are the same .. And in Stalingrad and in Breslau they finally surrendered
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 13 June 2020 13: 59 New
        0
        Quote: Snark1876
        Very much in vain. The results are different ...

        Well, this is what they call it, it was in the memoirs of German soldiers. And on our site from September 03, 2012 there is a big article "Breslau as" German Brest "1945"
        there is still about Breslau "On fire of the Eastern Front. Memoirs of an SS volunteer"
        This is how the Germans personified the defense of Breslau and Total War in the film about the siege of Breslau.
        But it still didn’t help them, they crushed them like bugs.
        1. Snarkxnumx
          Snarkxnumx 13 June 2020 20: 43 New
          -1
          I agree. There is an analogy with Brest ...
  3. carstorm 11
    carstorm 11 13 June 2020 13: 44 New
    +1
    https://topwar.ru/18400-breslau-kak-germanskiy-brest-1945-goda.html
    For a long time, everything was more detailed here.
  4. knn54
    knn54 13 June 2020 14: 11 New
    +3
    I admit, the video did not watch. BUT:
    - A fortified city, with stone buildings, where the population plus refugees amounted to 700 ... 800 thousand, capable of holding weapons. One army besieged (60000 people), without the support of tank units. For on both sides of the river, on the third, an impenetrable swamp .
    There remains the fourth side with a powerful railway embankment, which the tanks could hardly overcome.
    The front marched on Berlin, which had to be taken before the Americans.
    PS Ternopil (the population is two / three times less) was taken by Chernyakhovsky’s army, the tank corps and the artillery corps of the RGVK.
    1. bubalik
      bubalik 13 June 2020 16: 23 New
      +1
      without the support of tank units.

      BT and MV 6 A

  5. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 13 June 2020 14: 11 New
    +2
    I was in Wroclaw / Breslau.
    The city for the assault is still difficult in that it is literally penetrated by the canals and tributaries of the Odra. This is not counting the river itself, majestically flowing through the city. Many bridges, locks, the destruction of which further complicated the task.
    By the way, the author writes in vain that the Poles do not like to recall the former German territories. They talk about it with some sort of pride. Wroclaw - Breslau, Opole - Opeln and DR.
    By the way, after the war, the restoration of Warsaw brought old brick from Wroclaw.
  6. IC
    IC 13 June 2020 16: 09 New
    +1
    Passing through Wroclaw. The city in the old part strongly resembles Koenigsberg. And military destinies are similar.
  7. Alexander Sosnitsky
    Alexander Sosnitsky 13 June 2020 17: 54 New
    +4
    Once again on the pages of topwar, my father guards Art. lieutenant, commander of the 1st assault battery of the artillery regiment 6th guards regiment. Lenin of the Rivne Division of the 13th Army was the first to cross the Oder north of Wroclaw and entered fascist Germany, not counting the breakthrough to Koenigsberg. He didn’t tell me anything about this and little about the war in general, it was hard to say. And this is a boy born in the military town of Pecs near Borisov, when my toys were cartridges. Heroes are all our warriors, eternal memory to all!
  8. vomag
    vomag 14 June 2020 06: 28 New
    +1
    So I have the impression that people gathered here who are very important to leave the comments first and let the comments be stupid and nothing but the hope for + is really real! .... watch the broadcast Durny then write ...
  9. Doctor
    Doctor 14 June 2020 07: 23 New
    +1
    Breslavl.