100 years of the best Soviet ace

100 years of the best Soviet ace

Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub near the La-5FN


On June 8, 1920, Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub, three times future Hero of the Soviet Union, a participant in the Great Patriotic War, a famous air ace and marshal was born in the Glukhovsky district of the Chernihiv province aviation. It was Ivan Kozhedub who holds the personal record for the number of air victories among all fighter pilots of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition: 64 enemy aircraft shot down.

In school years, the ace pilot loved drawing


Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub was born on June 8, 1920 in the village of Obrazhievka, located in the Glukhovsky district of the Chernigov province, today is the territory of the Shostka district of the Sumy region of Ukraine. The parents of the future ace pilot were ordinary peasants. My father was a church leader (this is a secular position held by people in charge of church economy). From his father, who independently learned to read and write and liked to read, Ivan adopted love and a thirst for knowledge. In 1934, Kozhedub graduated from a seven-year school and continued further education, first enrolling in an evening school at the factory school (FZU), and in 1936 at a chemical-technological college located in the city of Shostka.

In Shostka, Ivan Kozhedub took his first steps into the sky. In 1938, Ivan Kozhedub came to a local flying club, and in April 1939 made his first flight. Passion for aviation forever determined the fate and life path of the famous pilot. It was from the Shostka flying club that Ivan Kozhedub went to military service, enrolling in the Chuguev Military Aviation School in 1940.

It is curious that in childhood, while still a schoolboy, and then a student at a technical school, Ivan Kozhedub was very fond of drawing. In school years, Ivan was often attracted to the creation of posters, he well displayed various slogans and took part in the design of wall newspapers. Later, already becoming a pilot, Ivan Kozhedub said that drawing helped him in the profession, which became the main thing for him for life. According to the ace pilot, his love of drawing developed a good visual memory, observation, and working with various fonts and posters became a good training for the eye, which was especially important in flight and aerial combat.


Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub, photo: state catalog.rf

Another hobby of the pilot was gymnastics. Ivan Kozhedub was the youngest, fifth child in the family. From childhood, the boy was not particularly tall, but was physically fit, and his health never failed. In the future, all this was also useful in his profession. At the age of 13, the boy witnessed the arrival of circus artists in the village, especially Ivan was shocked by a strong man who freely squeezed a two-pound (32 kg) weight with one hand. Later, Kozhedub himself learned this, having achieved everything with training. The physical endurance that the future pilot developed from an early age was very useful in air battles, which exhausted the pilot's body and were accompanied by serious overloads. Even at the front, Ivan Kozhedub always tried to find free time to do exercises.

In the first sortie, the future ace pilot nearly died


In February 1940, Ivan Kozhedub, after passing a rigorous medical examination and selection, was enrolled in the Chuguev Military Aviation School. In March 1941, the status of the school was reduced to the school of pilots. This decision meant that upon graduation, the pilots received the rank of sergeants, and not lieutenants, as it was before. Despite this, Kozhedub did not write a transfer application, continuing his studies. As a cadet, Kozhedub gradually mastered the UT-2 and UTI-4 aircraft, and later the I-16 fighter.

Having appreciated the talent of the pilot, the school management decided to leave Ivan Kozhedub in the educational institution as a pilot instructor. That is how the future ace pilot met the Great Patriotic War. Kozhedub’s report on sending him to the front was not satisfied, the country needed good instructor pilots to prepare new personnel for the Air Force. Ivan Kozhedub achieved transfer to the army only in the autumn of 1942. In November of the same year, the pilot arrived in Moscow and was enrolled in the 240th fighter aviation regiment, where he underwent flight training on the new Soviet La-5 fighter. After the personnel had mastered the new combat vehicle, the regiment was sent to the Voronezh Front, where it arrived in March 1943.


Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub, photo: state catalog.rf

The first air battle almost ended for our hero with death. La-5 was seriously damaged by the line of the German fighter Me-109. From the death of Ivan Kozhedub saved the armored back, which was not pierced by an incendiary shell. Already on approaching the airfield, the damaged fighter was fired by its own anti-aircraft gunners, having achieved several hits in La-5. Despite this, the pilot managed to land the plane at the airport, however, the fighter was no longer subject to recovery. After this incident, for some time, Kozhedub flew on the “remnants”, the so-called those squadron aircraft, which for some reason were free.

In June 1943, Ivan Kozhedub was awarded the rank of officer, he became a junior lieutenant, and by August he became deputy squadron commander. The ace pilot won his first air victory during the Battle of Kursk. A grand confrontation between the two howling armies unfolded in early July 1943 on earth and in the sky. July 6, during his fortieth sortie, the pilot won his first victory, shooting down a German dive bomber Ju-87. And then - as it broke through, the very next day Kozhedub again shot down the “raptor”, and in the air battles on July 9 he wrote down the first two German fighters - Me-109, on his personal account. By the end of 1943, the ace had already 25 enemy aircraft destroyed.

Throughout the war, Ivan Kozhedub flew on Lavochkin's fighters


While another famous Soviet ace, Alexander Pokryshkin, won most of his victories on the P-39 Aerocobra Lendliz fighter, then Ivan Kozhedub flew the whole war on Soviet Lavochkin fighters: La-5, La-5FN and La-7. These fighters are rightly considered one of the best Soviet combat aircraft of the Second World War.

Kozhedub fought on the La-5 fighter from March 1943 to the end of April 1944. This single-seat fighter, created in 1942 in Gorky, was released in a large series - almost 10 thousand aircraft. The car of the designer Semyon Alekseevich Lavochkin was distinguished by very good flight performance. The maximum speed at an altitude of up to 580 km / h, the practical ceiling is 9500 meters, and the practical range is 1190 km. At the same time, the fighter was distinguished by powerful cannon armament - two 20-mm ShVAK automatic guns were installed on it.


Fighter La-7, which flew Ivan Kozhedub

From May 1944 to August 1944, Kozhedub fought on the La-5FN fighter, which was an improved version of the previous fighter with the new more powerful M-82FN engine, which produced 1460 hp (130 hp more than the M- 82 La-5 fighter). The increase in power was significant and allowed to bring the maximum speed of the fighter to 648 km / h, and the practical ceiling grew to 11 meters. It is curious that the new La-200FN fighter, on which Kozhedub fought, was built with money from the 5-year-old beekeeper Vasily Viktorovich Konev from the Bolshevik collective farm located in the Stalingrad Region. Flying on this registered plane, in a week of air battles in the Romanian sky, an ace pilot shot down 60 enemy aircraft.

Ivan Kozhedub ended the war on the La-7 fighter, which was a further development of the La-5FN, and made its first flight on January 23, 1944. This aircraft is rightfully considered one of the best front-line fighters of World War II. The aircraft had significantly improved aerodynamics, which provided the fighter with an advantage in speed, climb and practical ceiling compared to the usual La-5. At the same time, the car also received a new, more powerful engine, with it the maximum speed of the aircraft at altitude could reach 680 km / h. Flying on this fighter at the final stage of World War II, Ivan Kozhedub shot down 16 enemy aircraft. It is noteworthy that the La-7 fighter, on which the ace pilot flew, has survived to this day and today is on display at the Central Museum of the Air Force of the Russian Federation.

Ivan Kozhedub has never been shot down


Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub arrived at the front in March 1943. From that moment until the very end of the war, the ace pilot was never shot down. For several years at the front, Ivan Kozhedub made 330 sorties, having conducted 120 air battles. Of course, anything happened in the air. The hero’s plane was repeatedly pierced by lines of German machine guns and aircraft guns. But not one of the hits ended with a serious wound or death of the pilot, partly this was due to strong luck, but, of course, testified to excellent skills in air combat.


Three times Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub

At the same time, the skill of the ace pilot was especially evident in the fact that Kozhedub always managed to return the damaged fighter to the ground. He never left the plane, using a parachute. Affected by a serious level of pre-war training at the flight school and work as an instructor. The high level of piloting technology by Ivan Kozhedub has never been doubted by anyone.

List of victories of Ivan Kozhedub


During the war, the pilot, according to official Soviet historiography, shot down 62 enemy aircraft. But, as further studies have shown, for some reason, two more downed planes, which were officially confirmed and were recorded in the personal account of Ivan Kozhedub, did not enter this number. Thus, in 120 air battles, the brave pilot shot down 64 enemy vehicles: 21 Fw-190 fighters, 18 Me-109 fighters, 18 Ju-87 dive bombers, three Hs-129 attack aircraft, two He-111 bombers, one PZL P- fighter 24 (Romanian) and one Me-262 fighter jet. At the same time, Ivan Kozhedub, apparently, became the first Soviet pilot who managed to shoot down a German fighter. The ace pilot won this air victory on February 24, 1945 during a free hunt.


Ivan Kozhedub shot down a Me-262 fighter jet

Thanks to 64 air victories, Ivan Nikitovich Kozhedub became the most successful fighter pilot among all the pilots of the countries of the anti-Hitler coalition. But even this list is incomplete. It is believed that in the second half of April 1945, Ivan Kozhedub shot down two American P-51 Mustang fighters attacking him. Later, the pilot himself recalled this in his memoirs, and at the end of the war this episode of friendly fire was simply hushed up. A surviving American pilot noted that they attacked La-7 Kozhedub, mistaking him for the German Fw-190 fighter. Indeed, these two fighters in the confusion of aerial combat could be confused. At the same time, the American pilot was sincerely sure that it was the German who shot him down.
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  1. apro 8 June 2020 05: 09 New
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    Glory to the Soviet hero !!!
    1. Malyuta 8 June 2020 05: 23 New
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      Quote: apro
      Glory to the Soviet hero !!!

      A heroic country always gives birth to heroes. Here I recall ..
    2. knn54 8 June 2020 13: 33 New
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      In one of the interviews with the famous Marshal, the number 107 was heard and three American bombers (received a planer. And the Third Star only after the end of the Second World War) 15 personally shot down and 28 destroyed in a group battle. He recorded the enemy’s aircraft at the expense of his young wingmen.
      Pilots of I. Kozhedub’s division shot down 264 planes in Korea, including Mustangs, meteors and more than 200 flying fortresses. Of the eight (!) Downed MiG-15s, ALL Soviet pilots ejected.
  2. Ales 8 June 2020 05: 25 New
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    The article is very interesting!
    Last year, in the journal Aviation and Cosmonautics, I published a large article about the downed Me-262. In the regiment on planes were machine guns. Specifically, there were no photo machine guns in that battle, but the pilots of the regiment and, it seems, another regiment, at that time collided with jet planes. According to the photo, these aircraft are identified as Me-109 with two jet boosters
    1. Olgovich 8 June 2020 07: 55 New
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      Quote: Ales
      The article is very interesting!

      But not quite true: the best Soviet ace is, without a doubt Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin

      And it's not even that he has more official victories (59 + 6) versus Kozhedub 64 + 0. In addition, on account of Pokryshkin ne entered the aircraft shot down by him in 1941 g (and there are a lot of them) due to the destruction of documents of the regiment that was surrounded. And not that the Germans were yelling, warning of the danger "Akhtung !, Akhtung! Pokryshkin!"

      Alexander Ivanovich fought on the FIRST day of the war, on June 22, 41, and endured its most terrible times, when fighters were engaged, mainly, not in air battles, but attacking the advancing columns enemy in an attempt to stop them.

      And he carried out such attacks HUNDREDS - on an unprotected aircraft MIG or YAK, when all the trunks of the attacked shot at him. Thus, he destroyed a lot of equipment and soldiers of the enemy.

      In addition, he made many successful flights as a reconnaissance aircraft, developed new fighter tactics and became a competent leader.

      Kozhedub in this sense was somewhat lucky: he came to the front almost two years later, when there was already more order and easier. which, of course, does not detract from its glory by one iota.
      1. tihonmarine 8 June 2020 10: 08 New
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        Quote: Olgovich
        But not quite true: the best Soviet ace is, without a doubt, Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin

        Pokryshkin, Kozhedub and others, they are all wonderful combat pilots, wonderful children of their country, Glory to them all. And let's not equal them, who is the best of them, they did everything in their power and defeated the damned adversary.
        1. Dr. Frankenstucker 9 June 2020 10: 24 New
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          Quote: tihonmarine
          And let's not equal them, who is the best of them,


          and why, in fact, no?
      2. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 09 New
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        somewhere yes! but somewhere not! Pokryshkin flew on the “cobra” even though he, as a hero, was flown with la-5fn, and Kozhedub fought on ours ... a trifle?
        1. Olgovich 8 June 2020 11: 14 New
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          Quote: novel xnumx
          Pokryshkin and flew on the "cobra"

          He flew on the MiG "spotted", which nearly killed him several times.

          And he dragged his wrecked MiG on his assigned lorry from ENVIRONMENT to ENVIRONMENT, making his way with him in arms, like an infantryman! People tore the documents and uniform, and he - with the plane.

          And part of Cobra rearm regardless of it, they left it that way, which is logical: it’s much easier to fight on an already mastered one.

          Or what to do with Lendliz aircraft? Each batch in a new piece? And the service, base, etc.? no
          1. Nehist 8 June 2020 11: 47 New
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            Pokryshkin after meeting with Cobra in every possible way denied attempts to transfer him to our aircraft !!! Guess why?
            1. Olgovich 8 June 2020 12: 00 New
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              Quote: Nehist
              Pokryshkin after meeting with Cobra in every possible way denied attempts to transfer him to our aircraft !!! Guess why?

              His unit was rearmament on the Cobras without his choice.
              1. Nehist 8 June 2020 12: 03 New
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                Oh well. Bad You Know Pokryshkin's Biography
                1. Olgovich 8 June 2020 12: 24 New
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                  Quote: Nehist
                  Oh well. Bad You Know Pokryshkin's Biography

                  You do not know her at all:

                  Pokryshkin:
                  Our regiment, having finished retraining, some time expecting new planes. They were supposed to be delivered from Tehran by special pilot pilots. But days passed, and there were still no cars. Finally, someone decided that we ourselves could get them abroad.

                  We flew to Iran by transport LI-2. Overcoming at high altitude the mountain range separating the Kura valley and the Persian steppes, they saw a huge city with white palaces and mosques. It was Tehran.

                  "Aerocobra "pin rows in rows stood along the strip, ready to drive
                  .

                  Where is .... the election?
                  1. Train 13 June 2020 21: 38 New
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                    He was offered a sort of La-7. He refused. Once flew over. I almost didn’t scapot on landing, spat and flew back to the cobra. The habit of the front landing gear affected
                2. Looking for 8 June 2020 15: 09 New
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                  and you know her well. No, not that biography. concocted by regular biographers and scribes of the MO. and the real one. from the mouth of Pokryshkin.?
                  1. The comment was deleted.
              2. Train 13 June 2020 21: 37 New
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                He was offered La-7. And earlier Yakovlek gave him the Yak D9 he gave it, He didn’t take it. Neither one nor the other later. Why did he need a wooden plane?
                1. Olgovich 14 June 2020 08: 53 New
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                  Quote: Zug
                  He was offered La-7. And earlier Yakovlekiv gave him the Yak D9 gave-I did not take

                  The entire regiment on Cobra, he is on ... LA?

                  Where have you seen this?
            2. Dr. Frankenstucker 9 June 2020 10: 25 New
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              Quote: Nehist
              Guess why?


              so why?
            3. tihonmarine 9 June 2020 13: 35 New
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              Quote: Nehist
              Guess why?

              I don’t know, I didn’t have a chance to talk to him.
            4. Prisoner 9 June 2020 18: 50 New
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              Where does this information come from? Share, if not sorry.
            5. Train 13 June 2020 21: 35 New
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              And why? Cobras wandered upstairs. The plane dived even BF. Boom-zoom and all things.
        2. Andrey NM 9 June 2020 10: 27 New
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          I don’t remember the name of the front-line pilot, but if the question really arises, I’ll find it. From his memories. Pokryshkin was virtually unlucky with Lavochkin. Correspondents were supposed to shoot how Pokryshkin steers on Lavochkin, such as our hero should be on our equipment. Alexander Ivanovich did not fly on this type of aircraft; accordingly, there were no control skills, he did not know some subtleties. When taxiing, he turned around a little sharper than necessary, the rear dutik broke out and pulled the fuselage frame behind him, and this is no longer a breakdown, but an accident with the plane crashing. Pokryshkin cursed, said where he saw everyone with this pretense, and left. And then also the death of Klubov ...
          But Lavrinenkov, Alelukhin, Amet-Khan Sultan on La-7 moved from Cobra without problems. And in his memoirs, he recalled that they had three-gun aircraft. Specifically, when Pavel Golovachev rammed "Junkers" at high altitude due to weapon failure, the lubricant froze.
          1. novel66 9 June 2020 10: 35 New
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            Thanks, it’s very interesting, but I think the question was deeper - I already knew everything on the cobra, but then I would have had to relearn
            1. Andrey NM 9 June 2020 10: 50 New
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              Quote: novel xnumx
              then I would have to relearn

              The Lavrinenkov regiment retrained. Yes, and such an ace to relearn - a day of business. Safonov just sat in Harikeyn for 2 hours, got used to the instruments and took off. Another issue is personnel.
              1. novel66 9 June 2020 14: 34 New
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                a broken crutch - a good example .. a cobra with a front desk
                1. Andrey NM 9 June 2020 20: 45 New
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                  Quote: novel xnumx
                  a broken crutch - a good example .. a cobra with a front desk

                  Well, you know, without owning the materiel, you can not fit into the turn on the paver and turn over at speed ... :)
            2. Train 13 June 2020 21: 40 New
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              For a long time he was flying on a cobra. And there is a front pillar. However, weaned
          2. Train 13 June 2020 21: 39 New
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            There was a deal. He almost got scotched. La Pokryshkin spat and left.
      3. certero 8 June 2020 11: 55 New
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        Well, why belittle the glory of a pilot thinking up about Akhtung Akhtung. There was no such thing.
        That Pokryshkin that Kozhedub heroes and no longer need some extra pieces invented by propagandists.
        1. Olgovich 8 June 2020 13: 11 New
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          Quote: certero
          Well, why belittle the glory of a pilot thinking up about Akhtung Akhtung.

          What is ... humiliation? belay

          On the contrary, it speaks of respect for pilots even by enemies.
          Quote: certero
          they don’t need any extra things invented by propagandists.

          Do you have to tell me about "notions"?

          Grandfather told me about itwho fought directly to Taman, where Pokryshkin fought and where it was.

          And there were TWO of such warnings of the Germans: about Pokryshkin and about the pilot Glinka (their two brothers were)
          1. certero 8 June 2020 14: 41 New
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            Now there is data from the Germans, they have not recorded any such things.
            Therefore, do not invent
            1. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 12 New
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              certero do not flood warning about Pokryshkin wrote Hartman. read and raise your horizons.
              1. certero 8 June 2020 17: 13 New
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                Hartmann wrote that pilots were told who were fighting against them in the area. Therefore, increase your horizons to better perceive what you read.
              2. Dr. Frankenstucker 9 June 2020 13: 21 New
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                Quote: Cer59
                Hartman wrote about the warning about Pokryshkin. read and raise your horizons.


                so raise it yourself - Hartman wrote that the JagdGeschw-52 radio interception service was broadcasting messages from Russians tuned in to the German wave - "German pilots, attention! Russian ace Pokryshkin is in the air."
                There is a difference, right?
              3. Train 13 June 2020 21: 42 New
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                Yes, it’s easier to grind. Timin in Taman worked with the archives of the Germans. There are no Pokryshkins there at all.
            2. Olgovich 9 June 2020 07: 01 New
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              Quote: certero
              Now there is data from the Germans, they have not recorded any such things.

              What else can they say, these pathological liars? and WHERE can this be fixed?

              I brought you the words nDIRECT WITNESS events, but who believes, does not believe, I don’t give a damn. hi
              1. certero 9 June 2020 10: 43 New
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                Now more than ever, we need absolutely accurate data about that war. So as during the restructuring did not flood the shaft of shit. And any story invented, which is not confirmed by facts, will be used by enemy propaganda against the country. This is the classic "you're lying here, so lying in everything else." If you do not understand this, then to hell with you.
                I also read dohren memoirs of Soviet pilots in which they told a lot of tales. And then it turned out that many things were described in a wrong way, hence confidence fell to others.
                1. Olgovich 9 June 2020 10: 50 New
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                  Quote: certero
                  I also read dohren memoirs of Soviet pilots in which they told a lot of tales.

                  And the Germans are all .... true, yes!
                  and to them it
                  Quote: certero
                  "you're lying here, then you're lying the rest"

                  not applicable" lol

                  and yes:
                  Quote: certero
                  . If you don’t understand this, then to hell with you.

                  hi
            3. Ponchik78 9 June 2020 15: 11 New
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              Well, there’s nothing about the loss of 22 tanks in a battle with one KV-1 Kolobanov in German data either)
              1. Train 13 June 2020 21: 45 New
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                Duck was also in the convoy that he had shot tanks. On the other two roads that KV they fought. All burned down. Kolobanov heard on the flanks how the battle was going on. There were three roads. He "saddled" one of three
                1. Ponchik78 14 June 2020 10: 14 New
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                  Oh, this alternative story))) You are not here with this, but to the Beard website.
          2. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 10 New
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            do not flood. Well, you don’t know the story of his victories so don’t sniff tired of it. there was an order. sat down. flew and beat. and how much he will overcome such stupid but officials like you? he was bowed for flights by a couple. for scissors, for whatnot. for the mass departure to cover the Crimean. for shot down over the sea u-52, you never know what, and our heroes are not so thick! for new tactics.
            if we take down the number of sorties, then Safronov from the Northern Fleet No. 1 with us.
            grandfathers fought, but can we?
            1. certero 8 June 2020 17: 14 New
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              Try to learn how to punctuate and write sentences with a capital letter. It is possible, then someone will be able to understand what you generally wanted to say.
          3. Dr. Frankenstucker 9 June 2020 10: 26 New
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            Quote: Olgovich
            This was told to me by my grandfather, who fought directly on Taman, where Pokryshkin fought and where it was.


            and who did the grandfather learn from? Or did he personally listen to the negotiations of the Germans?
      4. Oleg Zorin 8 June 2020 18: 46 New
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        Once upon a time, Eugene Rein asked Brodsky who is the best poet, Pushkin or Lermontov? Brodsky replied that at this level there is no longer a hierarchy.
        1. novel66 9 June 2020 10: 32 New
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          surely !! and there is!!
        2. certero 9 June 2020 10: 43 New
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          Please here it will be the same correct answer
      5. Train 13 June 2020 21: 33 New
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        No one there "yelled" Achtung! Bullshit is
        a gray mare. And that and other intelligence could still know the commander of squadrons. And then with a stretch or which comm. regiment is in charge there. Who cares what the Germans were for Pokryshkin’s flying there. It's just propaganda. Not more than that.
        The rest is true. If Kozhedub had flown since 41, then 90 percent he would not have reached Kursk. And do not forget that Pokryshkin was 41 years old and his regiment near Iasi was based. So to say, the elite and its raid were far from 50 hours. Plus- minus
  3. Egoza 8 June 2020 05: 35 New
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    Thanks to the author for reminding us of the glorious date! SOVIET AC - really AC!
    1. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 12 New
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      By the way - and the count of the shot down, ours is no worse than the vaunted Germans, somewhere the same 1 shot down for 2 air battles, but ours were taught by youth, rising in ranks, which is much more important
  4. Tritebemalo 8 June 2020 05: 53 New
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    About his participation in the Korean War would be worth mentioning.
    Here personally, Ivan Nikitich somehow disposes to me-read about him, ruffy, sharp and direct. The character is still that — his bosses did not like.
    And another question, who knows, in the photo the fighter LA-7 I.N. Kozheduba in the original coloring? Was that what fighters painted at the end of the war? Well-made remake in my opinion. Or for already three times Hero tried individually.
    1. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 12 New
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      it’s in the Moninsky Museum, and who painted it - God knows, they didn’t fly into the war like that
  5. Gato 8 June 2020 05: 53 New
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    Grandfather said that at one time in the flying environment there were tales that Ivan Nikitovich was supposedly talking and came from a family of characterists, whom neither saber nor bullet took - which was clearly hinted by the surname. Well it is, fables and stories ...
    They also believed that there were much more actually shot down than officially recorded.
    1. Mik13 8 June 2020 08: 53 New
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      Quote: Gato
      Grandfather said that at one time in the flying environment there were tales that Ivan Nikitovich was supposedly talking and came from a family of characterists, whom neither saber nor bullet took - which was clearly hinted by the surname.

      His surname is peasant. More precisely, artisan.
      Characteristic (a word from the Cossack household, we would say "sorcerer") - by definition, a Cossack. War mage, speaking the language of modern computer games. And the surname (nickname) he would have been Cossack. For example, Podprigora, Vyrviglaz, Khmara ...
      1. Tuzik 8 June 2020 21: 43 New
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        Battle Mage smile. That sounds!
    2. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 13 New
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      there were much more shot down than officially recorded.

      and it was like that for everyone
  6. Lech from Android. 8 June 2020 06: 09 New
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    I read several times the book of Kozhedub ... the person was lucky to go through such a fate ... lucky.
  7. The leader of the Redskins 8 June 2020 06: 18 New
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    Thank you for the article.
    I was thinking ... Soviet time, the present ... But there is no monograph film about Kozhedub. Nor is there about Pokryshkin, other heroes. In individual epics are indicated, as well as about Kalashnikov, Mil, Yashin, Kharlamov ... No! Where are the directors watching? Or is it just profitable for them to shoot "fighter" type of nonsense, yes, "Are the dawns here quiet" three times to shoot ?!
    1. mr.ZinGer 8 June 2020 06: 34 New
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      At the current level of cinema, it’s better not to
    2. Gato 8 June 2020 06: 39 New
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      Indeed, it is strange ... I found only one documentary, "Secrets of the Century. Two Wars of Ivan Kozhedub." And it's all!
      On the other hand, knowing the current cinema-graphic artists - it may be for the better, although they will not spoil and pervert.
    3. parusnik 8 June 2020 07: 46 New
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      How can I make a film about Kozhedub ... according to today's version, he flew on "coffins", he couldn’t prepare such a number of enemy planes, he couldn’t shoot like a Soviet man, he was born in Chernihiv ... you have to shoot like about the Ukrainian, and this is pouring water into the enemy’s mill .. laughing It’s how it is being explained to us that the victory in the Great Patriotic War was not won by the Soviet people (Russians, Belorussians, Georgians, Kazakhs, Ukrainians, Tuvans, etc.), but each nation individually mobilized in the Red Army / SA ... And now in the territory of the former USSR, each celebrates his Victory.
      1. Same lech 8 June 2020 11: 00 New
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        you can’t shoot like a Soviet man, he was born in Chernihiv ... you need to shoot like a Ukrainian, and this is pouring water on the enemy’s mill ..

        And who is the enemy in Ukraine ... those who seized power in modern Ukraine or Kozhedub
        and the memory of him ... because modern Ukraine denies the Soviet past.
    4. Crimean partisan 1974 8 June 2020 09: 02 New
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      nonsense like "fighters" ..... really complete bullshit, I really don’t understand how such a director could come to mind
      1. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 15 New
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        There are flaws in the film, especially the confrontation with the special agent. this simply could not be. nonsense from the tales of Solzhenitsin deserter and coward. but mostly truthfully, everything was.
        1. Crimean partisan 1974 8 June 2020 17: 58 New
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          but basically it was true, it was all ......... the film is a complete flaw .. starting from the way parachute parachute riders hang between their legs and ending with a baunt that would be the commander of a fighter regiment, one case is known when there was such a moment. this is a female fighter aviation regiment, but even in this case, Kazarina did not stay long. because having lost their 60 fighters they shot down only 35. and even this account is very controversial. because in this aviation regiment the most productive female fighters passed. who had been lousy in other aviation regiments before. namely Litvak (11 downed) and Budanov (10 downed) with what they were led in these other regiments. and with the followers, the leaders shared the shot down. so make your own conclusions
    5. svp67 8 June 2020 09: 40 New
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      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      Nor is there about Pokryshkin, other heroes. In individual epics are indicated, as well as about Kalashnikov, Mil, Yashin, Kharlamov ... No!

      But there are a lot of documentary and semi-game films.
      Do you remember the episode in the movie "Someone Goes to the Battle", when the Maestro comesque, signing the Romeo report put the latter into the football goal and scored a goal ... then the Maestro behaved like Pokryshkin, waved his hand sharply and cut off : "Slack!" ....
    6. BAI
      BAI 8 June 2020 10: 44 New
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      And there is no monograph film about Kozhedub. Nor is there about Pokryshkin, other heroes.
      There are no airplanes, but there will be a disgrace with mock-ups.
      1. user1212 9 June 2020 04: 09 New
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        Quote: BAI
        There are no airplanes, but there will be a disgrace with mock-ups.

        Well I do not know...
    7. Oleg Zorin 8 June 2020 18: 54 New
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      I agree with you. In the history of the Great Patriotic War, hundreds, if not thousands, of real, ingenious feats of Soviet people. But they still shoot science fiction.
    8. user1212 9 June 2020 04: 06 New
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      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      Where are the directors watching? Or is it just profitable for them to shoot "fighter" type of nonsense, yes, "Are the dawns here quiet" three times to shoot ?!

      It would be better if the current krivoruky "directors" (not all, of course, but many) do not touch this topic. Keep away from sin. Then we are tormented to wash before the younger generations the names of the glorified heroes of the Great Patriotic War from the crap attributed to them by "our creative" (read mediocre) filmmakers
  8. Free wind 8 June 2020 06: 25 New
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    A pilot from God, knew how to fly. Honor and glory!!!
  9. Gato 8 June 2020 06: 51 New
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    It is still interesting whether I.N. Kozhedub made combat sorties in Korea during the command of 324 IAD? As far as I know, officially - no. But I doubt very much that I did not commit ..
    1. AU Ivanov. 8 June 2020 08: 52 New
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      Pokryshkin was also forbidden, in due time, to fly into the air. However, he flew, according to the memoirs of his colleagues, and wrote down those shot down as a fellow soldier. It seems that Kozhedub also made sorties in Korea. Such an ace could not fly.
    2. tihonmarine 8 June 2020 10: 11 New
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      Quote: Gato
      As far as I know, officially - no.

      He shot down, and he was shot down.
      1. Tuzik 8 June 2020 21: 48 New
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        May I have more details? or link
        1. tihonmarine 9 June 2020 09: 19 New
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          Quote: Tuzik
          May I have more details? or link

          Yes, what a link, then there was still no Internet, but there were memories of Kozhedub himself. Although I think you will find in the internet. And in short, he was knocked out at one departure, sat down on a forced territory of another, they saved him in the last seconds in front of the enemy. Look, I don’t remember, maybe Two Life of Kozhedub.
          1. Tuzik 9 June 2020 16: 09 New
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            Yes, for sure, I looked, there, at the end, without details. Good filmets. Only two wars, not life, are called.
  10. Gato 8 June 2020 07: 04 New
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    they attacked Kozhedub La-7, mistaking him for the German Fw-190 fighter

    On the other hand, the Mustang could also be confused, for example, with the FW-190D-9, especially since we had nothing similar to the silhouettes of the Mustangs.
    1. mr.ZinGer 8 June 2020 08: 40 New
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      Yes, and there are wings, a propeller and a tail.
      Well, if you strain, you can find more similarities.
    2. Crimean partisan 1974 8 June 2020 08: 55 New
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      On the other hand, the “Mustang” could also be confused, for example ..... yes, Nikitych didn’t confuse anything, his followers Mukhin mustangs got it, and therefore the incident happened. at the expense of 38 parallels ... well, there is a topic that flew out and more than once. but he definitely didn’t take part in celestial battles
    3. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 16 New
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      he did not confuse anything - not that person! attack you - catch the answer! and there mustangs .. zebras or Przewalski’s horses ...
  11. bober1982 8 June 2020 07: 35 New
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    At the funeral of our illustrious ace was attended by no more than 25 people.
    The country slid into the abyss, and only a few weeks remained before the final collapse.
  12. lucul 8 June 2020 07: 55 New
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    then Ivan Kozhedub flew the whole war on Soviet fighters Lavochkin: La-5,

    The legendary “Bench” is a weapon of Victory. It was this aircraft, with its appearance in 1943, that allowed our pilots to gain dominance in the sky ....
    1. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 17 New
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      and Pokryshkin did not transfer to him .. and they drove him with a specialist ..
      1. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 18 New
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        at the time of receiving aero cobras, Pokryshkin had no choice. order on the shelf. and he didn’t get La - 5 because of the mess. waited a day or two and then spat and flew to the front. read "Sky of War"
        1. novel66 8 June 2020 18: 40 New
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          read it yourself - he got it. but flew on a cobra
          1. Eug
            Eug 9 June 2020 09: 29 New
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            On La-7, Kapotoviruyuschih Clubs, and Pokryshkin for this reason refused to rearm. I don’t know, Pokryshkin’s division flew on Cobra until the end of the war or still moved to La-7, but in April 1945 Ivan Babak (regiment commander in Pokryshkin’s division) was shot down by an anti-aircraft gun on Cobra.
            1. novel66 9 June 2020 09: 32 New
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              yes the question is not in re-equipment - personally Pokryshkin was sent, but he remained faithful to the “cobra”, maybe he is right. already mastered the plane in battle more familiar .. certainly not for me to judge .. only at a stand "quietly" stand with such and such people
    2. Train 13 June 2020 21: 58 New
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      Nobody “conquered” La-43 in heaven in 5 year; it was good only on paper.
      1. lucul 14 June 2020 14: 44 New
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        Nobody “conquered” La-43 in heaven in 5 year; it was good only on paper.

        Long smeyalso)))
        1. Train 14 June 2020 14: 45 New
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          Well, laugh on. Oh. This was a dull throat. Moreover, in an extremely small amount. Especially with the dvigl ASh82. And they didn’t do another until the end of the war
          1. lucul 14 June 2020 14: 50 New
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            The threshing floor was dull.

            Read the test pilot Hans-Werner Lerche - it was he who got the opportunity to test the trophy La-5FN in Rechlin in 1943, and what he wrote about him in the report)))
            And why, on the Kursk Bulge, it was the Fokkers, not Messers, who were thrown to confront La-5FN)))
            1. Train 14 June 2020 14: 58 New
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              Yes, I read it while still at school. Sit on LA5 and I on G6-I’ll wash you on the 3rd turn. And you won’t do anything to me. FN? But they were soooooo .... and capricious. Kozheduba look what he says- can the aircraft catch up with FV190. And here is his answer: He will leave, slowly, but he will leave. And you will catch him, even at the ground
              1. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 14 New
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                Yes, I read it while still at school. Sit on LA5 and I on G6-I will wash you on the 3rd turn. And you will not do anything to me. FN?

                Laughed like a horse)))))
                Read and understand - in general, two big differences))))
                I quote Hans-Werner Lerche:
                "The effectiveness of the ailerons (La-5FN) is outstanding. At a speed of 450 km / h, a full revolution is performed in less than 4 seconds."
                For those who are in the tank - I chew)))
                Ailerons are responsible for the roll. A complete revolution is such an aerobatics figure as a Barrel (360 degrees rotation around its longitudinal axis). So, La-5FN performed a barrel for less than 4 seconds at a speed of 450 km / h - a completely unrealistic result for Messer, whose ailerons were already tanned at speeds of up to 400 km / h, but could not be heard at 600 km / h. Therefore, Me.109, starting with Gustav - at speeds over 600 km / h were flying uncontrolled logs, incapable of anything but diving.
                And the roll speed is the most important indicator of the controllability of the aircraft, if that. Therefore, Gustav could not oppose Lavka to anything but dive speed - which was what the war proved.
                1. Train 14 June 2020 15: 18 New
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                  Yes, yes, for the “specialists” of the yellow newspaper, it’s off. Read on. A wooden plane with a carburetor against a duralumin with a turbine and with methanol injection. Nobody will enter into battle with you, why? I’ll go upstairs until your hilak dies later I will kill you like a kuru.
                  1. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 23 New
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                    Wooden plane with a carburetor against dural with a turbine and methanol injection.

                    Laughed like a horse))))
                    For those who have read the propaganda of the 90s, I chew - La-5FN - with direct fuel injection, if that. Secondly, the La-5FN thrust ratio was better than Messer. Pure 1850 hp at 3.3 tons of weight versus 1500l.s with 3.4 tons of methanol injection from Messer. Bench corny on the dynamics of speed set was better than Messer)))
                    1. Train 14 June 2020 15: 28 New
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                      It’s good for horses. LA-7 FN-This is an exceptional option. Exclusive. There were very few such motors and they didn’t live very long. So you only write technical specifications. Before they are real to the moon. Go to the site- "I I remember "and honor fighter veterans. There they will explain what it costs. Who was worth what. Here, according to the veterans. They were always faster, the motors more powerful. They climbed up and waited and we couldn’t do anything with them. Because the characteristics from the backwater and the “field” are different things
                      1. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 40 New
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                        This is good for horses. LA-7 FN-This is an exceptional option. Exclusive.

                        You have some kind of porridge)))
                        Look how much La-5FN was released)))
                        Go to the site “I Remember” and read fighter veterans

                        What are you))))
                        I quote:
                        "
                        Was La-5FN speed and rate suitable for you?

                        Yes, although much depends on the engine in these characteristics. In terms of rate of climb, the La-5FN was superior to the Messerschmidt, not to mention the Fokker. If the "mass" was trying to get up from us, they were catching up. And the steeper the Messer went up, the easier it was to catch up with him. The Fokker was heavier than the Messer, so it was even faster. The horizontal speed of the La-5FN was slightly faster than the Messer, and the advantage of La in speed over the Fokker was even greater. In a horizontal flight, neither the Messer nor the Fokker could leave La-5FN. If the German pilots did not have the opportunity to dive, then we, sooner or later, caught up with them. "
                        Link
                        https://airpages.ru/ru/aleks.shtml
                      2. Train 14 June 2020 15: 43 New
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                        You will find Kozheduba-interview. And look impudently / viciously about La and FV. He himself says something about it. Sit on any Red Army fighter — I’ll wash you on any German.
                      3. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 56 New
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                        You will find Kozheduba-interview. And look impudently \ about La and FV

                        And where is this interview? ))))
                        Don’t give a reference? )))
                      4. Train 14 June 2020 16: 31 New
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                        But this is themselves))))
          2. Train 14 June 2020 15: 21 New
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            In the year 43, the Luftwaffe took three out of 7 squadrons to the west. Why? Enough. And they didn’t bomb either Leningrad or Kiev or Sevastopol. They mined. LA-7s weren’t bad planes, but even KI-84 Japanese would do them like a turtle
            1. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 30 New
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              In the year 43, the Luftwaffe took three out of 7 squadrons to the west. Why? Enough. And they didn’t bomb either Leningrad or Kiev or Sevastopol. They mined. LA-7s weren’t bad planes, but even KI-84 Japanese would do them like a turtle

              Circus - you can write a dissertation - a template on a template.))))
              The losses of the Germans on the East Front in airplanes always exceeded the losses on the West.
              For Japanese planes - they could not oppose anything to the Shop in principle, because the roll speed on Japanese planes was generally the lowest in World War II. The same Zero performed a barrel in 8 seconds at a speed of 400 km / h, and over 500 km / h did not listen to ailerons at all. Ki-84 is not far from him left)))
              1. Train 14 June 2020 15: 34 New
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                And how poor they flew without ailerons? Against Nakajima you can’t do anything even on La7 with 71 dviglom. You will become a corpse and that's it
                1. lucul 14 June 2020 15: 53 New
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                  And how poor they were without ailerons then flying?

                  You hike sooooo far from aviation)))
                  In order for an airplane to enter a bend, it first needs to perform a roll, and it depends on the angular speed of the roll how quickly you enter the bend)))
                  Fokker as he threw Spitfire off the tail - at first he made a half-turn in one direction, then instantly in the opposite direction and that’s all - due to the better roll speed Fokker threw off Spit from the tail)))
                2. Train 14 June 2020 15: 58 New
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                  Foker never Sleeps from the tail will not take off. This is heresy. If your opponent and an experienced bend on your tail doesn’t help you, even having carried out BF109K4. -you corpse. And the BF will leave, it’s diving speed is greater, and if the height allows it, it will leave. And if not, it’s a corpse
                3. koevoet1984 15 June 2020 12: 08 New
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                  And why do I hear “IL-2 ZBS” (or something after 4.11m ???) and “War Thunder” - you hear “ace” to me? A real one, condo, with a bill for a hundred)))
                  The first option you definitely had in life was, you compare it)))
                  And by the way, why did you go with G6, and not with G2 / 10? Not with the "1941" campaign for the JG took place? )))
    3. Alexey Ustelentsev 14 June 2020 16: 30 New
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      Zug! You did not fight on the "Front Sky"?
  • 2112vda 8 June 2020 08: 01 New
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    I read the message of the North Koreans. Ivan Nikitovich still participated in the battles in North Korea and shot down 18 American aircraft. He was shot down, landed in a neutral zone, he was saved from captivity by an attack on the position of the South Koreans. My mother-in-law, the kingdom of heaven to her, lived next door to the family of Ivan Nikitovich.
    1. novel66 9 June 2020 09: 33 New
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      it would be strange if I had stayed away. not that person. lucky mother-in-law ..
  • Driver 8 June 2020 08: 16 New
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    Here, one commentator argued that, in addition to the Mustangs, Kozhedub allegedly shot down 4 B-17s ... To my objection that the ammunition would not have been enough, he referred to allegedly some memoirs. On the internet, I found a story unknown to anyone that Kozhedub shot down 2 “flying fortresses” that flew to bomb the target on “our” territory and did not obey warnings. Can anyone have more information on this?
    1. Octopus 8 June 2020 08: 57 New
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      Well, so you would find out from this commentator. He has his own opinion on history, apparently.
    2. bubalik 8 June 2020 09: 56 New
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      ,,,, there are no American planes in the award.



      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Driver 8 June 2020 16: 44 New
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        For the shot down Mustangs there are shots of machine guns and the surviving Negro pilot who wasn’t from the Red Tails incident?)) - there are no questions here, but about the B-17 I strongly doubt whether it is classified or at the level of rumors.
    3. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 22 New
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      the reason for the banana, the Americans wanted to put themselves above ours and constantly raided ours. Well, they ran into Liu, in Yugoslavia they also bombed ours. this is widely known. but the second attempt was thwarted extremely hard. the Mustangs hrenched off, and the bombers went back.
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker 9 June 2020 10: 56 New
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        Quote: Cer59
        Americans wanted to put themselves above ours and constantly raided ours.


        stop raving. Friendly fire happened, this is the cost of air war. The British “Swordfish" their own "Sheffield" almost torpedoed, mistaking for Bismarck.
        Do you know in general who was Pokryshkin’s first victim, say? Soviet Su-2.
        GSS Romanenko died from the fire of our own anti-aircraft guns. About
        constantly raided our
        more?
        1. Train 13 June 2020 22: 04 New
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          Yes, my dear. And by land and by air, the Americans tried on our teeth more than once. My father had a boyfriend and he had a grandfather. He told us that the Americans gave us on the flank. Many people were killed. Already in Germany there was a case. According to them, they knew that they were shooting in Russian. So, just like my father told me, the old man told him that they gave our order to me in response to the amers’s teeth. They drove the fluff away. Then they said, We thought the Germans ... In the air we were attacked by lightings and mustangs constantly. Allegedly by "mistake"
  • Viktor Sergeev 8 June 2020 08: 22 New
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    The word "best" does not fit, rather, "one of the best." The fact that he shot down does not mean that he is "the best". If Pokryshkin had not been put in command and actually limited his flights (forbidden), he would have shot down much more, and he fought mainly in the years when the Germans were not the same as Kozhedub.
    Asses were those who during the war could have shot down 1-2 planes, but flew to cover silts and Pe2, for them the main thing was not to shoot down, but to protect. Flying like Kozhedub for free hunting at high speed is one thing, and dragging on Il2 and meeting the enemy without speed is another.
  • Krasnoyarsk 8 June 2020 08: 56 New
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    = From May 1944 to August 1944, Kozhedub fought on the La-5FN fighter, =

    = Ivan Kozhedub ended the war on the La-7 fighter, which was a further development of the La-5FN, and made its first flight on January 23, 1944. =
    Maybe on La-7 since January 1945?
  • "To whom the fire? - ME? !!" Kozhedub’s response to the Americans on the Mustangs ...
  • Octopus 8 June 2020 09: 15 New
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    The author still screwed both Runet Murzilka.
    one Me-262 fighter jet

    I didn’t knock it down. Presumably it was 109th with TTU, the Germans in the 45th year did not indulge in any nonsense.
    shot down two American fighter P-51 Mustang attacking him. Later, the pilot himself recalled this in his memoirs

    But slandering the deceased is not good. Kozhedub never told a story about Mustangs. By his "memoirs" is meant the posthumous biography of the authorship of N. Bodrikhin, who introduced this story into Runet’s circulation. During the life of Kozhedub, and he died in the 91st, there was no such garbage.
    1. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 20 New
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      about 262 in the book of Ivan Nikitovich himself, I still read at school what kind of Internet ?? was not in sight
      1. Octopus 8 June 2020 10: 31 New
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        Quote: novel xnumx
        about 262 in the book of Ivan Nikitovich himself, I read at school,

        1. novel66 8 June 2020 10: 32 New
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          no, here
          1. Octopus 8 June 2020 10: 40 New
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            Vidosik look from the 34th minute, there is not long.
        2. Train 13 June 2020 22: 10 New
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          An excellent special on Lavochkin. I looked through everything but ... This one I did not see. Thank you!
          1. Octopus 13 June 2020 22: 29 New
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            Not at all.

            By the way, it seems that in this video Serov says that in the 45th in the applications for the shot down, frames suddenly started to appear, which were actually F-5, a reconnaissance version of Lightning. This is to the fact that you should not repeat nonsense about who wanted to probe whom.

            We would like to probe - comrade. Stalin would have seen the F-13 above his head.
            1. Train 14 June 2020 12: 05 New
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              Yes, it’s unlikely. The Americans reached their goals, threw bags of dollars in France and all of Europe. Here Churchill in my opinion, he wanted to "touch".
              1. Octopus 14 June 2020 19: 31 New
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                Quote: Zug
                The Americans reached their goals-threw bags of dollars France and all of Europe

                You have some alternatively gifted Americans. That is, they were alternatively gifted, but not in this sense. No, they didn’t fight for the purpose of throwing dollars at someone like a grandfather frost.

                They threw in dollars to replay the results of the war squeaked by the beak.
                Quote: Zug
                Here Churchill in my opinion, he wanted to "feel".

                Churchill at the end realized that the USSR was not at war with Germany, but with a hostile imperialist environment, and comrade. Stalin did not care about details; Hitler surrounded him there or, for example, Sikorsky.

                That is, Churchill understood this before, but in the 41st he began to lie and lie, for joy, the USSR became an old drunk with the allies of Britain. In 45 he came to his senses, but late, too late, when Roosevelt was completely crazy, and nothing could be changed.
                1. Train 18 June 2020 08: 00 New
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                  Well, that’s who didn’t “flush” the war. These are just the Americans.
                  1. Octopus 18 June 2020 08: 22 New
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                    Quote: Zug
                    that’s who didn’t “flush” the war. These are just the Americans.

                    Yes, the Americans then lied a lot about their victory, because 15 years after the war the country was ruled by people who surrendered their victory with their own hands. The actions of Americans in the years 44-45 in their crime are comparable to Molotov-Ribentropp (not to be confused with Munich), and in terms of the scale of betrayal including their people - with Brest-Litovsk.

                    The reality is that as a result of the WWII, the United States immensely strengthened the country with which the pre-war situation began in the 48th, in the 50th - a war that did not hide its preparations for the war, including with the United States since its appearance on the map, and immeasurably weakened a NATO member since 1955.
                    1. Train 18 June 2020 08: 38 New
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                      And what is wrong with the Molotov Pact? Criminal things were done there? If you are talking about the criminal content of the pact, then call the article. What criminal acts are described there?
                      1. Octopus 18 June 2020 08: 46 New
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                        As in the 39th, the Great Powers surrendered small countries to each other without any regard for their interests.

                        Unlike the 39th year, the American side did not surrender to the USSR its opponents (the pro-British countries of Eastern Europe were enemies for both the contracting parties of the 39th year), including their allies, members of the anti-Hitler coalition. Poland and Czechoslovakia.

                        Unlike the 39th year, when both mustached geopolitics built empires, which, if poorly educated, can be considered an achievement, the actions of the United States were determined solely by the private, departmental interests of the State Department and had nothing to do with reality.
                      2. Train 18 June 2020 08: 47 New
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                        And whom did the USSR “surrender”? In the year 39?
                      3. Octopus 18 June 2020 08: 57 New
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                        Quote: Zug
                        THE USSR? In the year 39?

                        Apparently this needs to be explained.

                        The crime of MR is not that someone “surrendered” someone, but that large countries gathered gathered divided small ones.

                        Yes, this is bad in itself.
                      4. Train 18 June 2020 09: 00 New
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                        Were they going to share or divide? Or just discussed the spheres of influence in these countries? By definition, the USSR could not hand over anyone because no agreements on mutual assistance, etc., were concluded with them. Not with the Baltic states, especially Finland (though offered and tried) So "surrender and betrayal" is just heresy
                      5. Octopus 18 June 2020 10: 03 New
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                        Gathered And divided.
                        Quote: Zug
                        So "surrender and betrayal" is just heresy

                        Roosevelt and Churchill handed over and betrayed. But Comrade Stalin simply took that he was lying badly; he was true to himself in this regard from a young age.
                      6. Train 18 June 2020 10: 05 New
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                        He took what would make the state stronger. For "criminal" agreements, this has no ortho
                      7. Octopus 18 June 2020 11: 09 New
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                        Quote: Zug
                        For "criminal" agreements, it has no ortho

                        It has.
                        Quote: Zug
                        He took what will make the state stronger

                        His empire began to fall apart even during his lifetime (the bandit Tito, China). And in the 80s under the USSR, the dug up comrade rushed Stalin mine in the Baltic states, this is, in addition to all other mines.
                      8. Train 18 June 2020 11: 12 New
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                        Duck, what kind of attacks take place in the pact of 39 years? I still do not understand.
                      9. Octopus 18 June 2020 11: 40 New
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                        Quote: Zug
                        What attacks take place in the 39-year pact?

                        More carefully, please.
                        Quote: Octopus
                        Apparently this needs to be explained.

                        The crime of MR is not that someone “surrendered” someone, but that large countries gathered gathered divided small ones.

                        Yes, this is bad in itself.
                      10. Train 18 June 2020 12: 07 New
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                        They could not "divide" by definition. It was not their property. They could only determine the spheres of influence. Not more.
                      11. Octopus 18 June 2020 12: 19 New
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                        Quote: Zug
                        This was not their property.

                        She was not in the summer of the 39th, and then, as you should know, she completely became.
                      12. Train 18 June 2020 12: 23 New
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                        Of course it has become. This is politics. So they did, do and will do. And this has nothing to do with the "criminal" treaty. At Versailles they "shoveled" the borders of the states at their discretion as they wanted and in their interests.
                      13. Octopus 18 June 2020 12: 52 New
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                        Quote: Zug
                        Versailles "shoveled" the borders of states at its discretion

                        The Treaty of Versailles is a monstrous tragedy and a monstrous crime. Most likely more than the PMV itself.
                        Quote: Zug
                        They did it, they do it and they will do it

                        Of course not. Just like the USSR, no one did, except Japan. Compare the Anglo-American occupation of Iceland, the German occupation of Denmark and what the USSR arranged in the Baltic countries.
                      14. Train 18 June 2020 13: 11 New
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                        He didn’t do anything there. Everything happened by agreement.
  • BAI
    BAI 8 June 2020 10: 42 New
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    1.
    In the first sortie, the future ace pilot nearly died

    The title is absolutely wrong. 1,5 months after arriving at the front, Kozhedub carried out combat sorties without meeting the enemy. The first air battle is another matter.
    2. Speaking of Kozhedub, one should tell how he commanded the air division in North Korea. For him, the Great Patriotic War was not the last war.
  • dgonni 8 June 2020 10: 52 New
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    Question to the author! And WHAT a new and more powerful engine did the La-7 get compared to the La-5FN?
    1. Train 18 June 2020 11: 21 New
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      Which was not))))))
  • Free wind 8 June 2020 10: 56 New
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    The hero’s plane was repeatedly pierced by enemy bullets and shells, but he was never killed ???
    1. novel66 8 June 2020 12: 26 New
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      not, well, he was killed a couple of times, but he returned to the front
  • Ruby 8 June 2020 11: 07 New
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    In the reprinted memoirs there is information on the shooting down of 2 mustangs. They recorded them as 2 FV-190. He himself describes this as an attempt to help repel the Germans attack on the fortress system. But the Americans mistook him for a German and began to attack him. As a result, they had to be knocked down so that they themselves would not pile him. A surviving American pilot said that he was hit by a red-nosed fokker. And by the way, in the book there are shots of the Kozhedub photo machine gun, where the silhouette of the Mustang is clearly visible. History was hushed up at that time, but I'm talking about a version of the memoirs that were released after the collapse of the Union.
    1. Octopus 8 June 2020 11: 17 New
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      Quote: Yakut
      version of the memoirs released after the collapse of the Union.

      Yes. After the collapse of the Union and after the death of Kozhedub, when you no longer ask him.
      Quote: Yakut
      in the book by the way there are shots of a machine gun

      German. If Bodrikhin did not drag this FKP, then something else could be discussed, but in this form - 100% fake.
      1. Cer59 8 June 2020 17: 25 New
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        ours, we also stood there.
        1. Octopus 8 June 2020 17: 33 New
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          The brand of the device and the film, EMNIP, is printed there. No, the American FKP was on Kozhedub’s plane, not German.
  • Eug
    Eug 8 June 2020 17: 40 New
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    The 1941 issue of the Chuguevsky VVAUL was 53 Heroes of the Soviet Union, 8 Heroes twice and Heroes three times ... Kozhedub very well endured overloads. And for some reason, the article does not say a word about the war in Korea, where Soviet pilots flew under his command. There are different opinions about his flights in Korea, but, as for me, he could not help flying, despite the ban ...
    1. Disant 9 June 2020 02: 07 New
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      He flew, despite the ban. His fellow pilot told me
  • Andrei Nikolaevich 8 June 2020 21: 08 New
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    Eternal memory to the Hero! Betrayed by chubaty Ivan Nikitich ...
    1. Cristall 9 June 2020 10: 17 New
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      Quote: Andrey Nikolaevich
      Eternal memory to the Hero! Betrayed by chubaty Ivan Nikitich ...

      Iron generation.
      Soviet people. These have not been done for a long time.
      And in Ukraine they honor Three times the Hero of the USSR.

      Three times Hero of the Soviet Union Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv National Air Force University is the largest higher military educational institution engaged in training personnel for the Air Force of the Armed Forces of Ukraine
      1. Andrei Nikolaevich 9 June 2020 11: 56 New
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        Not yet renamed? Amazing .. Nothing .. Five years later and this inscription will be erased. Keep this photo for yourself. There will be something to remember...(
  • meandr51 8 June 2020 23: 01 New
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    According to one American author, Kozhedub has no equal in the world in the ratio of battles and downed vehicles, as well as in the fact of invincibility.