Military Review

85 years ago there was a plane crash "Maxim Gorky" over Moscow

53

Exactly 85 years ago, the flagship of the Soviet civil aviation Ant-20 "Maxim Gorky" crashed. At that time, the whole country was following the success of domestic aviation, so the disaster received a huge response.


"Maxim Gorky" was a real miracle of technology. It had a wingspan of 63 meters, and its height was 11 meters. A number of innovations were introduced in it, some of them for the first time not only in the USSR, but also in the world. Most often it was used for propaganda purposes.

On May 18, 1935, the Ant-20 flew over Moscow, accompanied by a two-seater R-5 aircraft, where the film crew was located, and a single-seat I-5 fighter under the control of Nikolai Blagin. On board were 11 crew members and 37 passengers, including six children.

The fighter performed a "dead loop" and at the top point over the "Maxim Gorky" lost control, crashed onto the Ant-20. The latter fell to pieces in the air, and then an explosion rang out on the ground. The I-5 pilot Blagin and all who were aboard Maxim Gorky died.

It is believed that Blagin was forced to perform a dangerous element by those who planned to make a spectacular shoot, film workers Ryazhsky and Pullin. They told the pilot that this was the order of the Air Force command. They were later arrested and convicted.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/http://www.oldmos.ru/photo/view/39092
53 comments
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  1. tanki-tanki
    tanki-tanki 18 May 2020 14: 54 New
    -25
    So, the accident was not due to the design of the Ant-20, but because of inexperienced driving. And why blame the design of the Ant-20?
    1. alone
      alone 18 May 2020 14: 59 New
      29
      Quote: tanki-tanki
      And why blame the design of the Ant-20?

      Did anyone blame the ANT-20 design there?
    2. Piramidon
      Piramidon 18 May 2020 18: 09 New
      +1
      Quote: tanki-tanki
      And why blame the design of the Ant-20?

      Can you quote from an article with these charges?
      1. tanki-tanki
        tanki-tanki 18 May 2020 18: 20 New
        -4
        At that time, the whole country was following the success of domestic aviation, so the disaster received a huge response.

        Well, not blame.
  2. alone
    alone 18 May 2020 14: 55 New
    +3
    well ... because of the whims of two deceased, such a tragedy ..
    1. Sergey Valov
      Sergey Valov 18 May 2020 15: 30 New
      +7
      And here are two insane? The bully Blagin himself died and killed a lot of people. No one could ever give him a crazy order to turn around Maxim Gorky, and to blame the mythical requests of filmmakers, this is babble.
      1. alone
        alone 18 May 2020 15: 34 New
        +4
        Quote: Sergey Valov
        And here are two insane? The bully Blagin himself died and killed a lot of people.

        And for what then they condemned these two, since this is babble .. So the conversation about the linden order still took place. The same pilot of the R-5 could be a witness ..
        1. Rostislav
          Rostislav 18 May 2020 16: 47 New
          10
          When was this military order transmitted through filmmakers?
          1. alone
            alone 18 May 2020 17: 02 New
            +1
            Quote: Rostislav
            When was this military order transmitted through filmmakers?

            Well, how can I tell you ... The fighter pilot died .. 2 filmmakers remain, who were also tried by the pilot of the r-5 ..
            There are three options:
            1) the fighter pilot turned out to be a dumbass (you are right, orders are not transmitted to the military through filmmakers), believing filmmakers
            2) the one who gave the order to the pilot decided to admit giving the order and slander the filmmakers, which was confirmed by the P-5 pilot ..
            3) The fighter pilot did this on his own initiative, which proved his stupidity in two times.
            Now, if there were protocols of interrogations and a court stereogram from the archives, it would be possible to make a final analysis of the guilt of someone specifically .. but, unfortunately, there are no such materials
    2. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 18 May 2020 15: 33 New
      10
      Sometimes I give in disputes the example of Maxim Gorky, as a counterargument - I think too often pilots and sailors make dangerous maneuvers in the immediate vicinity of foreign and airborne ships. Usually cheers-patriots have no choice but to put a minus ...
      1. user
        user 19 May 2020 14: 33 New
        0
        Sometimes I give in disputes the example of “Maxim Gorky” as a counterargument - I think too often pilots and sailors make dangerous maneuvers in the immediate vicinity of foreign and aircraft.


        May I have a question?
        What kind of pilots and sailors are we talking about, or again are all good sailors and pilots against all bad sailors and pilots of foreign ships?
        In this matter, the main word is foreign.
        1. The leader of the Redskins
          The leader of the Redskins 19 May 2020 14: 58 New
          -3
          Can. The defendant is also possible - it is EVERYONE to me in what language the stupid idea “cut” or something else appears in my head. Not only that, I don’t care what region is in the room of the fool who is doing such fortunes on the road.
          Do you need only two colors? Black and white? Paint me black right away! I have a father in Ukraine and I do not consider the word liberal abusive. Forum users know this.
  3. Bashkirkhan
    Bashkirkhan 18 May 2020 15: 05 New
    +3
    The cause of the death of the plane is dementia and courage.
    1. orionvitt
      orionvitt 18 May 2020 16: 22 New
      +7
      Quote: Bashkirkhan
      bravery and stupidity

      Courage has never been associated with dementia. Courage, yes, but not courage. In a word, "show-offs" are never brought to good.
  4. The comment was deleted.
    1. Albert1988
      Albert1988 18 May 2020 16: 00 New
      -3
      That is, finally decided to make a normal plane instead of a hodgepodge of imported imported parts ...
      1. Sky strike fighter
        Sky strike fighter 18 May 2020 17: 08 New
        +1
        Life still taught that communicating with partners is more expensive.
        1. Albert1988
          Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 10 New
          -9
          Quote: Sky Strike fighter
          Life still taught that communicating with partners is more expensive.

          Of course, it is better late than never, but how much of this slag with wings has already come and ruined people?

          Moreover, the main cut in the design of this aircraft was, therefore, it was simply grabbed the cheapest components available on the market and blinded ... Something slightly digestible happened, it looked a little like an airplane ...
          1. Sky strike fighter
            Sky strike fighter 18 May 2020 17: 15 New
            -7
            We will assume that the first pancake came out lumpy, and then they will take into account mistakes and do everything wisely. Someone had to fill up the bumps to understand what was happening. Let's hope for success. We need to revive the production of our civil aviation, taking into account its glorious traditions. Walking will overpower the road. The main thing that took up.
            1. Albert1988
              Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 17 New
              -3
              Quote: Sky Strike fighter
              We assume that the first pancake came out lumpy, and then they will take into account the mistakes and do everything wisely.

              I really hope so!
              Quote: Sky Strike fighter
              Someone had to fill up cones to understand what was happening.

              It’s only a pity that some people didn’t understand at one time, and then they filled the cones - others ...
              Quote: Sky Strike fighter
              We need to revive the production of our civil aviation, taking into account its glorious traditions. The road will be overpowered by the going one. The main thing is that they got down to business.

              Yes, it is generally needed as air! MS-21 so far only pleased in this area, but, thanks to the sanctions, they also took up this project! I hope to start developing more serious machines later!
              1. Sky strike fighter
                Sky strike fighter 18 May 2020 17: 23 New
                -3
                I hope to start developing more serious machines later!

                Do you mean the IL-96-400M? It would be nice to create a modification of this aircraft with two PD-35s, but for objective reasons, until the engine does not think about it early. An interesting topic is the GHS (supersonic civilian aircraft). It’s a pity that it will not be too soon. And I would like the theme of supersonic civilian aircraft to revive in a new quality, so to speak. fellow Oh dreams, dreams.
                1. Albert1988
                  Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 27 New
                  -1
                  Quote: Sky Strike fighter
                  Do you mean IL-96-400M?

                  And him too.
                  Quote: Sky Strike fighter
                  It would be nice to create a modification of this aircraft with two PD-35s, but for objective reasons, until the engine makes it early to think about it.

                  Well, engines are generally a big topic for us, so let's hope that there are positive changes in this direction.
                  Quote: Sky Strike fighter
                  An interesting topic is the GHS (supersonic civilian aircraft).

                  In our case, alas, this is still a matter of a very distant future.
                  1. Sky strike fighter
                    Sky strike fighter 18 May 2020 17: 37 New
                    -1
                    What priorities would you identify in terms of the further development of civil aviation? What do we need to develop in the first place at a given time?
                    1. Albert1988
                      Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 42 New
                      +2
                      Quote: Sky Strike fighter
                      What priorities would you identify in terms of the further development of civil aviation? What do we need to develop in the first place at a given time?

                      Well, you’re asking such questions directly, as if I were either the chief designer or the minister laughing
                      My purely amateurish point of view - we now need cars like air primarily for domestic flights - with our territory this is already obtained as short-haul cars. But their medium-range aircraft also need to be developed. One must think about long-haul ones too. but the question is whether the industry is ready ...
                      1. Sky strike fighter
                        Sky strike fighter 18 May 2020 17: 51 New
                        +1
                        I see. IL-114-300, MS-21, and SSJ 100 are import-substituted. I think it’s all real. Later, the IL-96-400M with two PD-35. wink
                      2. Albert1988
                        Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 52 New
                        0
                        Quote: Sky Strike fighter
                        I see. IL-114-300, MS-21, and SSJ 100 are import-substituted. I think it’s all real. Later, the IL-96-400M with two PD-35.

                        And so let's hope that all this will be realized)))
                    2. Aviator_
                      Aviator_ 18 May 2020 22: 09 New
                      +1
                      The long-range project is now being done by us together with the Chinese
                2. Aviator_
                  Aviator_ 18 May 2020 22: 08 New
                  +1
                  The GHS program is international, Russia is participating in it. I can’t pull my program, not those times.
                  1. Rzzz
                    Rzzz 19 May 2020 11: 39 New
                    +1
                    It seems that the supersonic program was covered up, it was counted - there isn’t much sense in it. Although I could be wrong.
                    1. Aviator_
                      Aviator_ 19 May 2020 18: 50 New
                      0
                      In the summer and autumn was still, and now the virus
        2. loki565
          loki565 18 May 2020 17: 46 New
          0
          Well, in electronics and automation this is our best aircraft, in some respects it surpasses even Boeing.
          1. Albert1988
            Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 48 New
            -4
            Quote: loki565
            Well, in electronics and automation this is our best aircraft, in some respects it surpasses even Boeing.

            The problem is that it is so roughly coarse that it is almost incapable of flying without breakdowns and emergency situations, and very serious ones. This opinion is not mine - at one time our pilot talked - in his words - no one likes superjets from pilots, and most of them cannot stand it for the very poor technical part.
            1. loki565
              loki565 18 May 2020 17: 50 New
              +3
              According to statistics, all his accidents are caused by pilots; in electronics, he is similar to a watermelon.
              1. Albert1988
                Albert1988 18 May 2020 17: 54 New
                -7
                Quote: loki565
                According to statistics, all of his accidents caused by pilots

                Well, how can I say - the pilot’s fault is that his landing gear is not designed to support his own weight? So do you have to plant it with shamanistic dances? Or does he have regular engine problems?
                1. loki565
                  loki565 18 May 2020 18: 05 New
                  +4
                  Well, how can I say - the pilot’s fault is that his landing gear is not designed to support his own weight? So do you have to plant it with shamanistic dances? Or does he have regular engine problems?

                  The pilot’s fault is that he allowed a "scam" with overloads that are not designed for more than one aircraft in the world.
                  What do you mean about shamanistic dances? He can land completely automatically even with a strong crosswind, and the girls pilots are quite coping))) It looks like you just do not own the full information ...

                  1. Albert1988
                    Albert1988 18 May 2020 18: 57 New
                    -3
                    Quote: loki565
                    The pilot’s fault is that he allowed a "scam" with overloads that are not designed for more than one aircraft in the world.
                    What do you mean about shamanistic dances? He can land completely automatically even with a strong crosswind, and the girls pilots are quite coping))) It looks like you just do not own the full information ...

                    Respected! I was lucky to talk with a professional pilot, who, among other things, piloted and a superjet. So in his words - the car is very unsuccessful, it can sit in the automatic mode, just don’t have to do it - otherwise the landing gears may bend after a couple of flights and when exactly they will do it, even the designers of this miracle cannot predict. There was this conversation for a long time - about 5 years ago, maybe since that time there have been some radical improvements in the design, I do not know ...
                    1. loki565
                      loki565 18 May 2020 19: 08 New
                      +2
                      Respected! I was lucky to talk with a professional pilot, who, among other things, piloted and a superjet. So in his words - the car is very unsuccessful, it can sit in the automatic mode, just don’t have to do it - otherwise the landing gears may bend after a couple of flights and when exactly they will do it, even the designers of this miracle cannot predict. There was this conversation for a long time - about 5 years ago, maybe since that time there have been some radical improvements in the design, I do not know ...

                      Do you have data on how much the chassis bent over the entire operation period, maybe a professional pilot told me? And then if after a couple of flights the chassis is changed as consumables, this is not enough money)))
                    2. Albert1988
                      Albert1988 18 May 2020 19: 10 New
                      -3
                      Quote: loki565
                      Do you have data on how much the chassis bent over the entire operation period, maybe a professional pilot told me? And then if after a couple of flights the chassis is changed as consumables, this is not enough money)))

                      after a couple of times, of course not, but after a year or two of operation, there is already a big risk of painfully “tripping” when landing ...
                  2. Pavlik K.
                    Pavlik K. 18 May 2020 23: 07 New
                    +3
                    "Sit in auto mode" .... Yes, it’s okay, but it’s not fate to sit down yourself? Who are you - a pilot or operator? !! In the course when the LU GA (higher) work out (whether) the Exercise - “Correction of errors on landing” (in which the same (the whiter-progressing)? In the second year (from FIVE), on the plane of the initial training, and then every year on flights it is repeated (and already on a reactive, basic technique). There is a pilot error. Medical fact. It happens that the second one did not hedge, we all have a sin .... The plane has nothing to do with it, forget it ...
                  3. Pavlik K.
                    Pavlik K. 18 May 2020 23: 10 New
                    +1
                    ... "may bend." Do not disgrace the forum, what such a "professional pilot" could tell you such nonsense, give me the phone, it's just interesting where they taught him ....
                  4. Albert1988
                    Albert1988 18 May 2020 23: 54 New
                    -3
                    Quote: Pavlik K.
                    give the phone, just wondering where he was taught ....

                    Firstly, you can’t give foreign phones without permission, and secondly, even if I wanted to, I wouldn’t give it because I don’t have it. As for the rest - a person flies on civil aviation for a very decent time. It was the father of my graduate student, when I hinted at his presence about the superjet - he was a very well-mannered man, except for obscene words about this one, as he put it in three obscene words - a kind of airplane, he could not say ...
                    So ...
                  5. loki565
                    loki565 19 May 2020 01: 23 New
                    +1
                    Pilots very often scold technology and not always justified. So those who fly on watermelons scold the Boeing for primitiveness (in fact, the Boeing flies all the time in direct mode) and one feature associated with the elevator. And those who fly on a Boeing blamed the airbus for shared systics, etc. .. Someone Tu154 is the best aircraft in the world. Here is an interesting video of the pilot - Boeing 737 instructor
              2. Rzzz
                Rzzz 19 May 2020 11: 46 New
                +1
                Denis Okan, well-known in online circles, spoke very positively about the superjet.
                As for that accident, it’s visible on the video that his chassis didn’t break down, but because of the prohibitive overload (more than 5G), he had seams on the wing, and fuel from the caisson tanks surged out.
        3. Pavlik K.
          Pavlik K. 18 May 2020 23: 19 New
          +1
          People forget (they simply don’t know, they don’t want to understand), progressive is already a phenomenon confirming the strength standards of technology (already at the second touch (this is the point of difference from a simple goat), overload is prohibitive for RLE, but not for the strength stock of designers).
    2. The comment was deleted.
  • Pavlik K.
    Pavlik K. 18 May 2020 22: 59 New
    -1
    Everything is much simpler. "Put the industry on its feet" ... Which one? Civil Aircraft? She is ? Further. Aviation is too complicated for the current system of Kremlin menagers. In the glorious Soviet years (he wrote a lot about this) - there is one big question - engines ... There were none, no, I'm afraid there will not be (all the more, the Ukrainians merged. And they had the likeness of trying to catch up with the West in the State Customs Office. The same Be you mentioned with the Ukrainians 136th). There are two patients with a question - T ("we are 200-300 K behind the temperature of the gases behind the turbine" - the phrase of the 1990s in all departments of blood pressure), and the shoulder blades .... Now the question is Who (how, when, at whose expense - after) will be engaged in this? Given that ANY civil aviation is unprofitable in essence, Western hangs on cheap money, and our Kremlin goggles with brains have a pipe, and with aplomb (well, all former three-member Komsomol members are essentially like that) - give money now a lot, otherwise ....
  • Free wind
    Free wind 18 May 2020 15: 18 New
    10
    To a pilot, a tankman, an infantryman, or even a field kitchen kosher, an order can only be given by a commander or higher on command. Yeah, two pretzels come up to the pilot: there, this one, ordered the general, not a field marshal, you show me something. What a home for the insane. I decided this ...... to show its steepness and showed well. And whoever blames the design, nowhere and never has there been a word about it, or someone knows the isopian language. Stalin IV, suppressed such tricks tough and inexorably. With Chkalov B, then removed all ranks and awards, for hooliganism, for the passage under the bridge. Do you want to take a chance? scatter and beat your head against the wall.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 18 May 2020 15: 24 New
      +8
      Quote: Free Wind
      there you have this, ordered the general

      No one ordered the pilot, the NKVD understood, it was a personal initiative of the pilot himself, at the request of his fellow journalists.
  • knn54
    knn54 18 May 2020 15: 20 New
    +5
    In 1938, the ANT-20 bis was built, equipped with new, more powerful M-34FRNV engines. This reduced the number of engines from eight to six.
    The aircraft was named PS-124 (passenger aircraft 124 of the plant), its tests were successfully completed in 1939.
    On December 14, 1942, the plane crashed 90 km from Tashkent due to violations by the crew of flight operation rules.
  • 75 Sergey
    75 Sergey 18 May 2020 16: 44 New
    -3
    Now, all the filmmakers fell
  • reservist
    reservist 18 May 2020 17: 50 New
    +3
    The I-5 pilot Blagin and all who were aboard Maxim Gorky died.

    dead in a plane crash buried in Novodevichy cemetery
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 18 May 2020 18: 31 New
    -1
    Quote: lonely
    well ... because of the whims of two deceased, such a tragedy ..

    Perhaps they made a fool of the head of the type commander: it will be a spectacular sight, for propaganda purposes, etc.
  • Mwg
    Mwg 18 May 2020 19: 16 New
    +2
    Here is a vivid example of how the media through their actions harm people
  • viktor_ui
    viktor_ui 19 May 2020 09: 14 New
    0
    the workers of the film factory Ryazhsky and Pullin ... who were they, if they could give an order directly to the I-5 pilot? It is a pity that N. Blagin did not send them on a long erotic journey.
  • lvov_aleksey
    lvov_aleksey 19 May 2020 20: 59 New
    0
    how can such an article be admitted to publication !!! Some mistakes (spelling, syntax) !!!
    rate:
    “On May 18, 1935, the Ant-20 flew over Moscow, accompanied by a two-seater R-5 aircraft, where the crew was located, and a single-seat fighter I-5 under the control of Nikolai Blagin. On board were 11 crew members and 37 passengers, including six children.

    The fighter performed a "dead loop" and at the top point over the "Maxim Gorky" lost control, crashed onto the Ant-20. The latter fell to pieces in the air, and then an explosion rang out on the ground. The I-5 pilot Blagin and all who were aboard "Maxim Gorky died."