Military Review

The weak does not give up, the strong wants to put up. Features of the intervention in Yemen

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One of the districts of the city of Sana'a, damaged during the fighting, 2015. Photo by Wikimedia Commons


Since February 2015, troops of several countries of the coalition led by Saudi Arabia have been fighting in the territory of independent Yemen. The Arab coalition and a part of the Yemeni army loyal to it confronts the large militarized group Ansar Allah (its fighters are known by the common nickname Husits), part of the armed forces of Yemen and small formations. The official goal is to restore legitimate authority.

Viral Truce


The fighting continued with varying success since the beginning of 2015, but the tasks were never resolved. The interventionists won several notable victories, but each successful battle had its own setbacks. As a result, despite the continuation of battles in different regions of Yemen, the general situation is far from the complete victory of one of the parties.

On April 8, 2020, the Arab coalition announced a two-week truce. The reason for the cessation of fighting called the current epidemic COVID-19. On April 25, the coalition extended the truce. At the request of the UN, hostilities will not resume for a few more weeks. This decision is explained by the desire "to alleviate the suffering of the fraternal Yemeni people" and to prevent the spread of infection in the holy month of Ramadan.

However, the fire did not stop, and various skirmishes still continue. In addition, new full-blown strikes took place. Whether the parties will be able to agree on a real cessation of hostilities is a big question.

Official and actual


Given the activities of the coalition for all the years of the operation, it is difficult to suspect Riyadh of being kind to the "fraternal people of Yemen." In solving their military-political problems, the Arabian and other armies did not embarrass themselves in methods or in choosing targets for strikes. In fact, in a few years, a significant part of the civilian infrastructure was destroyed, which led to known fatal consequences for the population.


Houthis Promising Arms Exhibition, 2019 Iranian designs are widely represented. Photo Imp-navigator.livejournal.com

Despite all efforts and the most brutal measures, the main task of the operation has not yet been resolved. The coalition was not able to defeat the Hussites in five years and probably will never cope with them. At the same time, the Arab armies continue to spend money, as well as lose people and equipment. And recent events in the energy market and the decline in income of the "oil powers" of the Middle East are becoming an additional threat to their interests.

Given all this, it can be assumed that Saudi Arabia declared a “viral truce” in connection with the desire to get out of the expensive and useless conflict, but at the same time “save face” as much as possible. Other members of the coalition, experiencing similar problems, may come out of Riyadh from the war.

Army against the militia


Probably, the command of the Arab coalition initially did not see any threats to itself in the Yemeni intervention. For 2014-15. the rebels of Ansar Allah were a fairly large, but not too well armed and trained force. The maximum number of Hussites, according to various estimates, did not exceed 150-200 thousand people, collected mainly in infantry detachments.

By 2015, a part of the armed forces of Yemen crossed the side of the rebels, due to which the militia was strengthened by significant quantities of equipment, including armored, weapons, etc. Also, the materiel was able to beat off in battles with the loyalists, but even after that the Ansar Allah squads looked a little like the modern army. However, the Hussites managed to take control of the country's capital, Sana'a.


Saudi tank M1A2S Abrams and BREM M88A1, which became the Hussite trophies in September 2015. Photo by Lostarmour.info

According to various reports, almost from the very beginning of the fighting - even before the coalition arrived - the Iranian structures and Hezbollah helped the Hussites. They supplied the allies with weapons and equipment, ammunition and medicines, and also sent military advisers, supplied intelligence, etc. However, officially both Iran and Hezbollah deny their involvement in the conflict.

Since the beginning of 2015, the coalition sent a rather large contingent to Yemen, represented by various branches of the armed forces. At different times, the group included up to 150-170 thousand troops from different countries. They had hundreds of land combat vehicles, artillery, aviation etc. In separate operations, ships of the naval forces were used.

Lost benefits


The coalition had every reason to consider the outcome of the intervention predetermined. Several armies gathered a large interspecific group with modern equipment, which was opposed by hastily trained rebels. However, such forecasts did not materialize, and no easy walk came out. Quickly enough, it became clear that the Hussites with alleged foreign support were able to withstand not only the weak Yemeni army, but also the foreign coalition.

According to the interventionists, over the course of five years of fighting, several tens of thousands of rebels were destroyed, but it is not entirely clear how true this information is. Human losses of the coalition can reach 5-7 thousand people, however, official data and estimates on this subject are very different.


So far, a whole tank Leclerc UAE army. This car was destroyed on January 23, 2017. Photo by Lostarmour.info

The situation with armored vehicles looks very interesting. Fighting vehicles of different classes repeatedly changed owners or died on the battlefield. In addition, it is customary for the Hussites to destroy some trophy specimens exponentially - to improve their image and damage the enemy’s reputation.

Prior to the intervention, the Yemeni army had approximately 450 tanks T-54/55, 200 with newer T-62s and several hundred other vehicles, from T-34-85 to M60A1 and T-80BV. There were samples of all other classes. During the fighting, hundreds of tanks and other military vehicles changed owners and became the property of Ansar Allah.

The Lost Armor database reports that in five years of fighting, all parties to the conflict lost more than 290 tanks of various types. More than a third of this number falls on the technique of loyalists from the Yemeni army. A similar amount of equipment was lost by the Hussite rebels. OK. 50 tanks lost the army of Saudi Arabia. Enemy tanks were destroyed by all available means, from mines to aircraft.

If in the case of the army and rebels of Yemen, the most part of the losses were obsolete T-54/55, then the interventionists suffered more annoying losses. The Saudi army was left without 15-20 main tanks M1A2S Abrams. Since 2015, the United Arab Emirates Army has lost three Leclerc tanks.


Results of Yemeni UAV raid on Saudi Aramco objects at Abkaik field, September 14, 2019. Satellite image of Digital Globe

It is also necessary to note the notable losses of the coalition in other ground equipment, aircraft, helicopters, UAVs, weapons, etc. Particularly interesting are several incidents involving the defeat and destruction of warships and auxiliary vessels. The “poor and poorly trained” Hussites even coped with such goals.

Moreover, not without the support of third countries, Ansar Allah regularly conducts rocket attacks on remote targets, including in the territory of enemy countries. Of particular interest is the attack of September 14, 2019, when the Hussite UAVs attacked Saudi Aramco's oil infrastructure facilities in Arabian territory. This operation showed the potential of the Hussites, and also hit the enemy’s economy.

Strong versus weak


Having certain information about the main events of the current war, one can understand why the Arab coalition, at least, cannot defeat the Yemenite Hussites, and in some cases is defeated. These phenomena can be found several explanations affecting both sides of the conflict.

The strength of coalition armies is the presence of modern foreign materiel and support from developed states. At the same time, weapons do not always meet current challenges, and its operators cannot boast of good training and skills. This leads to excessive losses when ambushed, to the inability to repel a UAV attack, etc.


The results of the Hussite attack on a coalition column near the Saudi-Yemeni border, September 2019. A lot of other broken equipment remained behind the scenes. Photo Imp-navigator.livejournal.com

The Ansar Allah units are lagging behind in terms of equipment, and even supplies from third countries cannot fundamentally change the situation. At the same time, the Hussites are well aware of the area and enjoy the support of the population. They also learn quickly, take into account the mistakes of the enemy and actively use the help of military advisers. As practice has shown, it is extremely difficult to combat such a force.

On the threshold of peace?


Over the past five years, the Arab coalition has spent tremendous amounts on the war in Yemen. Losses of personnel, weapons and other equipment continue. The risk of new enemy attacks on critical objects remains. At the same time, the military-political tasks set have not been solved - and the possibility of their solution is doubtful. Amid all this, the "oil powers" are suffering losses due to falling prices for their main commodity.

The coalition is directly interested in ending useless battles, leading to senseless losses and unjustified risks. The April armistice, announced for two weeks, and then extended for another month, could be the first step out of the war. However, now Riyadh and its allies need to convince the Hussites from Sana'a to sit at the negotiating table and determine the conditions for ending the war and the post-war structure.

So far, none of the belligerents has been able to completely solve all their tasks, and the enemy is directly preventing the obtaining of the desired results. However, practice has already shown that even poorly equipped Hussites are quite capable of defeating the well-armed armies of the interventionists. The latter should take this into account - and draw the right conclusions, providing for the withdrawal from Yemen and the cessation of fighting. Only this will protect them from new losses, as well as provide real help to the "fraternal people."
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 14 May 2020 05: 22 New
    -2
    The weak does not give up, the strong wants to put up.
    Whether the weak wants the world and on what conditions the world. Stop shooting, return to the borders of the states, or else .... reign lards for restoration? repeat
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 14 May 2020 05: 42 New
    +6
    Of particular interest is the attack of September 14, 2019, when the Hussite UAVs attacked Saudi Aramco's oil infrastructure facilities in Arabian territory.

    Yes, of course ... from the point of view of organizing a diversion, this attack was planned and carried out perfectly ... the Hussites took into account all the shortcomings of the Saudi air defense ... the time and place were chosen successfully ... the only thing that lubricates this success is the limited impact on one object .. .small ... it was necessary to sober up the Saudis in a big way.
    1. Nyrobsky
      Nyrobsky 14 May 2020 23: 07 New
      +1
      Quote: The same Lech
      Of particular interest is the attack of September 14, 2019, when the Hussite UAVs attacked Saudi Aramco's oil infrastructure facilities in Arabian territory.

      Yes, of course ... from the point of view of organizing a diversion, this attack was planned and carried out perfectly ... the Hussites took into account all the shortcomings of the air defense of the Saudis ... the time and place were chosen successfully ..The only thing that lubricates this success is the limited impact on one object ... small ... it was necessary to sober up the Saudis on a large scale.
      In principle, the Houthis walked through normally, given that the strike was delivered over a distance of more than 1000 km. and the Saudi air defense could not intercept their missiles and drones, and as a result of hitting the refinery, oil production in the SA, albeit for a short time, fell by almost 50%, moreover, the Houthis, under the threat of another attack on the infrastructure facilities of oil production and processing, forced the Saudis to refuse from striking with the use of aviation. And this object is far from being isolated. Prior to that, the Houthis had reached Saudi international airports a couple of times. They also have the fact that in March (or April) 2019 they contracted the Patriot missile launcher, after which they struck at the coalition's manpower accumulation, causing no small damage. Dotted, but accurate.
      PS Now the mattresses seem to have made a decision to withdraw their Patriots from S. Arabia, which in light of the experience of successful "arrivals" from the Houthis does not add optimism to Salman.
  3. svp67
    svp67 14 May 2020 05: 46 New
    +8
    Judging by the huge number of "dead" military equipment of the allies, the coronavirus has clearly "mutated" into some new form)))
  4. Fevralsk. Morev
    Fevralsk. Morev 14 May 2020 05: 53 New
    -3
    Confirmation of the rule "it is not the technique that is fighting, the fighter is fighting." The moral incentive has always been dominant over the material one. The Houthis know what they are dying for, like Soviet soldiers during the Second World War. Is this possible in modern Russia? Do Russians have an incentive, a willingness to sacrifice themselves? What will the Russian soldier think about before the battle?
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 14 May 2020 06: 09 New
      +4
      Do Russians have an incentive, a willingness to sacrifice themselves? What will the Russian soldier think about before the battle?

      Of course there is ... in Syria it has been vividly demonstrated.
    2. Plate
      Plate 14 May 2020 09: 20 New
      +4
      it’s not fighting technology, a fighter is fighting

      The economy is at war. Well, and demography. The first will give you equipment, the second will fighters. And the motivation to fight can be everywhere, there is already information support, correctly delivered propaganda.
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 14 May 2020 09: 41 New
      +2
      Quote: Fevralsk. Morev
      Confirmation of the rule "it is not the technique that is fighting, the fighter is fighting." The moral incentive has always been dominant over the material one. The Houthis know what they are dying for, like Soviet soldiers during the Second World War. Is this possible in modern Russia? Do Russians have an incentive, a willingness to sacrifice themselves? What will the Russian soldier think about before the battle?

      About a friend to his left and right
      1. Fevralsk. Morev
        Fevralsk. Morev 14 May 2020 10: 27 New
        +3
        Do you think that on the left will be the son of Rogozin, and on the right the son of Patrushev?
        About information support and correctly delivered propaganda, when the picture from the TV does not match the contents of the refrigerator, then the propaganda is annoying.
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 14 May 2020 10: 56 New
          +5
          I don’t think so. Moreover, at leisure, the soldier will think about the fundamental differences between Trotskyism and Maoism, and lying in an ambush mentally refute the main points of Milton Friedman’s theory of monetarism, thinking - what kind of crap is this Chicago School of Economics))
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 14 May 2020 11: 59 New
            +2
            Quote: Krasnodar
            Moreover, at leisure, the soldier will think about the fundamental differences between Trotskyism and Maoism,

            Ahem ... but it’s better to be careful. And then everything will end badly - Let us turn the imperialist war into a civil war.
            Let him think better of psychoanalysis and hermeneutics. smile
            Quote: Krasnodar
            and lying in an ambush mentally refute the main theses of the theory of monetarism by Milton Friedman, thinking - what all the same sucks is the Chicago School of Economics

            Comrade Private, don’t you see that drops of molten tin fall to your comrade by the collar?
            © smile
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 14 May 2020 12: 41 New
              0
              Like eid sheli, says he’s going to get out of here as soon as possible, but doesn’t allow the alter ego? soldier ))
        2. Jager
          Jager 14 May 2020 14: 10 New
          0
          On the Maidan there were enough pictures from the TV
          1. Driver d
            Driver d 17 May 2020 19: 20 New
            0
            First, Yanukovoshch brought the country to the Maidan, and then washed off to Rostov, leaving the country to be torn to pieces by external and internal enemies.
    4. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 14 May 2020 11: 53 New
      +4
      Quote: Fevralsk. Morev
      Confirmation of the rule "it is not the technique that is fighting, the fighter is fighting." The moral incentive has always been dominant over the material one.

      You tell the Japanese. smile
      Highly motivated and highly spiritual Japanese soldiers, ready to die to fulfill their duty, simply had to defeat the soulless and effeminate nation of Mickey Mouse and Coca-Cola. But no, it did not grow together.
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 14 May 2020 12: 43 New
        -1
        This is because they believed in the divinity of Hirohito, and not in the prophet Ali (Peace be upon him) recourse
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 14 May 2020 06: 18 New
    +4
    And what is wrong with the overturned armored personnel carrier. The whole suspension, the whole rubber, no evidence of an explosion. Most likely the driver was used to riding camels, and the armored personnel carrier itself turned over. Yes, and let them fight, I somehow do not care about them.
  6. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 14 May 2020 06: 59 New
    +5
    The Arab coalition and the loyal part of the Yemeni army ...
    The Saudis assumed that in sparkling armor and with a long sword (technical equipment, supposedly international support), you just have to wave your finger and everyone will stand in frune with a desire to obey. But stumbled not only on stiff resistance, but also began to sensitively receive in the teeth. Conclusion: not all that glitters is gold.
    1. tarabar
      tarabar 14 May 2020 15: 02 New
      +3
      It's the same as on the river sometimes, New Russian fishermen come on a lifted Kruzak, a boat with a motor on a trailer, all in haute couture camouflage, super-lightweight Japanese fishing rods and reels, awesome tackle, bait echo sounders, three-room tents. In short, the fish itself must go out and surrender, there is noise, fuss on the shore, but there is no result, at the end everyone will get drunk, the fishing rods will be broken, the boat will be drowned, the Kruzak will be planted in the mud. And a hundred meters away, meanwhile, some "Philip Filipovich" in a tarpaulin raincoat and in bogs, pitching a cigarette, calmly pulls half a bucket of karasks onto a bamboo zipper and rides a bike along a country road to his home. Here is exactly the same ratio of form and content.
  7. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 14 May 2020 07: 01 New
    +8
    and its operators cannot boast of good preparation and skills
    "I bought a car, I bought a license, I didn't buy a drive." And the richest countries are unlikely to save on training, it really seems to be a matter of "laying between the seat and the steering wheel."
  8. Doccor18
    Doccor18 14 May 2020 07: 10 New
    +7
    Why does the strong want to make peace with the weak? "Strong" is not that strong.
    Wealthy boys from SA, UAE and others have little desire to die in Yemen. And "weak" is not that weak.
    A hundred thousand poor, but stubborn wars on their land, which are also helped with weapons, is not so easy to defeat.
  9. knn54
    knn54 14 May 2020 07: 22 New
    +2
    The question is, does the strong want to put up, or did he take a break?
    There is also IS with its own "interests".
  10. Dmitry Makarov
    Dmitry Makarov 14 May 2020 08: 46 New
    +2
    Have you seen how migrant workers are fighting?
    Look at the war in Yemen
    - this is the same as love in a harem.
  11. Threaded screw
    Threaded screw 14 May 2020 12: 06 New
    +2
    After the IRGC and Hezbollah joined, coalitions could put out the lights and put out the candles. IRGC, Hezbollah are bold wars worthy of respect, unlike many in BV. Long live IRG and Hezbollah, more victories, less losses!
  12. Fevralsk. Morev
    Fevralsk. Morev 14 May 2020 16: 48 New
    0
    Quote: Alexey RA
    You tell the Japanese.
    Highly motivated and highly spiritual Japanese soldiers, ready to die to fulfill their duty, simply had to defeat the soulless and effeminate nation of Mickey Mouse and Coca-Cola. But no, it did not grow together.

    Is it not the Americans themselves who calculated how much it will cost (number of corpses) when they begin military operations on the land of Japan? The bill went to the million dead and 2 years of war. It could grow into honorable surrender.
    The Saudis, what does not grow together? The war is not the first year.
  13. Suraikin.Aleksandr
    Suraikin.Aleksandr 14 May 2020 22: 24 New
    +2
    The Ansar Allah or Husita movement is a paramilitary group of Shiite Zaydites living in northern Yemen. Not one of the former regions of South Yemen is controlled by the Hussites, and it is unlikely that they will be able to get the support of the local population there, so it is unlikely to win back all of Yemen from the Hussites. By the way, southerners are actively promoting the idea of ​​reconstructing South Yemen.
  14. Virus-free crown
    Virus-free crown 14 May 2020 22: 28 New
    0
    “War is the continuation of politics by other means” (c) (K. Clausewitz)

    99 percent of all modern military conflicts can be resolved at the negotiating table - free of charge and without sacrifices ... It would be if you would like to SOLVE problems ... problems do not appear from scratch after all ...
  15. APASUS
    APASUS 14 May 2020 22: 43 New
    0
    So far, none of the warring parties has been able to completely solve all their tasks,

    The Hussites have completed more than half of their tasks, and the SA practically signed for their defeat, accepting a truce
  16. Ham
    Ham 20 May 2020 23: 05 New
    0
    who is "weak" and who is "strong" we still need to figure it out ...
    according to all the canons, the one who is weak is the one who asked me sorry ...