Military Review

Birds over Moscow. Spy Animals at the CIA

37

Source: express-k.kz


Live drones


“Animal Partners” - this is the name of the CIA program for the use of animals for intelligence purposes. This became especially true after the destruction in 1960 in the sky above Sverdlovsk of the winged spy U-2. Before the era of satellite intelligence was still far away, so the solution was found in the use of avifauna. This has become one of the areas of work for the Animal Partners project. Now it’s quite difficult to talk about the effectiveness of American espionage endeavors, but the CIA decided to declassify the project only in September last year.

Birds over Moscow. Spy Animals at the CIA

Spy pigeon in battle vestment. The CIA Museum in Langley. Source: cia.gov

Birds could be used not only as carriers of photo and video recording equipment, but also as living bio-indicators. Thus, US intelligence hoped to get into the hands of pigeons and other birds that migrate seasonally to the area of ​​the Saratov training ground in Shihan. Here, according to the Americans, the Russians tested the chemical weapons and all living creatures nearby had to bear the traces of it. It only remained to catch the birds that had flown away for the winter from Shihan and take detailed biochemistry analyzes. By such indirect indicators, it was theoretically possible to judge the features of chemical weapons tests in the USSR. Whether the CIA planned to expose the leadership of the Soviet Union, if successful, is unknown, but it is unlikely that someone in their right mind could accept as evidence the presence of traces of sarin or other OM in pigeon droppings or blood.

The second case in the Animal Partners portfolio was the Tacana project, designed to use birds as live reconnaissance drones. Closed to prying eyes, the museum in Langley stores samples of miniature cameras that were mounted on pigeons and other winged animals. I must say, the Americans did their best - the 200-frame cameras weighed only 35 g, and the flight of the bird was not particularly hindered. They cost about 2 thousand dollars. The developers focused primarily on pigeons, as they are one of the few who found their way home from the most remote places. One of the main objects of observation should have been Moscow and Leningrad - important and most important large-scale objects, saturated with interesting objects for the CIA. The Americans obtained a part of the project’s achievements from the UK, whose intelligence services during the Second World War actively used pigeons to communicate with intelligence on the other side of the English Channel. The first Tacana experiments were conducted in the USA in the vicinity of Washington and were not particularly successful. Even for the multi-million dollar budget of the program, this turned out to be wasteful - some of the birds disappeared without a trace or returned without expensive equipment. The developers, obviously, did not take into account that the pigeon burdened by the camera, although it does not lose its ability to fly, is dodging predators somewhat worse. As a result, hawks quite successfully attacked part of the experimental birds, forever taking away valuable equipment from the CIA. Sometimes in this counterintelligence role an ordinary cat could play.


Layout of special equipment inside the cat and outside. Project Acoustic Kitty. Source: en.wikipedia.org

Speaking of cats. Even before the declassification of Animal Partners, the media in 2001 became aware of the CIA's work on the Acoustic Kitty project. The essence of the work is to use a cat as a carrier of listening and relaying equipment. For this, a microphone, a transmitter and a thin antenna laid along the spine were implanted into the ear canals and the skull of the unfortunate animal. Such a “modified” cat had no unmasking signs and could quietly eavesdrop on secret conversations. However, the problem was the intractability of the equipment carrier itself - the cat was constantly distracted and retreated from the original plan of the operation. They say that even during the “performance of official duties” one of them even shot down a car to death. Be that as it may, feline trained poorly at training, and the dubious project was closed in 1967, wasting several million dollars.

Pigeons, dogs and dolphins


But back to the spy pigeons. The second reason the CIA was skeptical of the results was the possibility of valuable intelligence equipment falling into the hands of KGB officers. It was enough for such a pigeon to walk in front of caring townspeople so that the whole plan of the operation was revealed. During training in the sky over Washington, it turned out that half of the pictures that the equipment took were of quite acceptable quality and were much better than satellite ones. As a result, the CIA decided to take a chance and in 1976 they issued a test espionage operation in the USSR. It was supposed to let pigeon spies out from under his coat, through a special hole in the floor of ambassadorial cars, and even while the car was moving through the window. One of the goals was the shipyards of Leningrad. There should have been live reconnaissance drones in the sky of Moscow. About whether this was actually carried out, история silent: declassified documents break off at the most interesting place.


Artificial intelligence bird of the Project Aquiline program. Source: ainonline.com

According to the Tacana project, it is also known about attracting ravens as suppliers of listening equipment, for example, to the windowsill of an object of observation. There is information that the Americans even managed to throw bugs in such a way somewhere in Europe a couple of times, however, in an experimental manner. Owls, cockatoos, vultures and hawks have also been tried at different times for the role of winged scouts in the CIA. The real apotheosis of ornithological intelligence in the United States was Project Aquiline. Under this name is the development of an experimental winged drone disguised as an eagle, capable of flying deep into the territory of the USSR and returning with a detailed photo report. They created a flying scarecrow, it even flew, but the management problem was not solved, which led to the premature closure of the topic.

In addition to the above partner animals, US intelligence also tried to attract dogs. Everything with training was much easier here, so the CIA decided to learn how to control animals from a distance. To do this, control electrodes with transmitters and receivers were implanted into the animal’s brain. Some of the information in this area is still not fully declassified by the Americans, so there is no reason to talk about the closure of the project or effectiveness.


Illustration of the principle of working with dolphins. Source: cia.gov

But the CIA worked with dolphins quite actively, although to no avail. These amazingly intelligent marine mammals readily responded to the requests of Americans. The scouts asked about installing listening equipment on enemy submarines and escorting Soviet naval convoys with a detailed record of the noise signatures of ships and submarines. Dolphin-mounted sensors could detect radioactive radiation from ships and even the effects of biological weapons tests. It was hoped that the dolphins would be equipped with small-sized mines for hidden installation on ships, and sometimes a banal suicide bombing. Dolphins could act in a seemingly innocuous role of a hidden vehicle for small loads. For example, animals were taught to transport valuable documents from the coast to ships remote at sea. “Oxygas” and “Chirilogy” - these were the names of dolphin programs (based in Florida, Key West), which also ended in nothing for the CIA. The percentage of successfully completed marine animals tasks was too small to speak of success. However, the US Navy is still actively working with dolphins.




Outfit for dolphins. Source: cia.gov

The fact that the topic of using marine animals as scouts is alive not only in the United States, says the latest find of Norwegian fishermen. On April 25, a beluga whale swam up to them, apparently in search of food, on which was a belt for equipping the animal with some specific equipment such as a GoPro camera. So, at least, the Norwegian side declares. They also mention a label that says: “Equipment of St. Petersburg "(" Equipment of St. Petersburg "), which" unambiguously "speaks of Russian provocation off the coast of Norway. In general, it remains only to be sure to leave a feedback phone.
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 12 May 2020 05: 18 New
    0
    Birds over Moscow. Spy Animals at the CIA
    I didn’t think about it, but it’s so obvious. repeat they think. angry
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 12 May 2020 08: 44 New
      -2
      Spy Animals at the CIA
      and the Pentagon
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      I didn’t think about it, but it’s so obvious. they think.

      A very interesting picture appears. A company of Yankees flees on the offensive, and among them every third gorilla with a grenade launcher or a chimpanzee with a grenade, or a sumer with a spade. This is the army.
  2. Free wind
    Free wind 12 May 2020 05: 27 New
    +2
    I do not know the truth or not, but the dolphins were very sick from killing people. There is one.
    1. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 20: 23 New
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      I do not know the truth or not, but the dolphins were very sick from killing people. There is one.
      говорят, что и некоторые люди испытывают - "угрызения совести" .. ?! belay but is it ?! what request
      1. Shurik70
        Shurik70 12 May 2020 23: 15 New
        0
        Quote: Nemchinov Vl
        говорят, что и некоторые люди испытывают - "угрызения совести" .. ?! belay but is it ?! what request

        Empathy is a natural reaction of a person.
        But among people live the inhuman masquerade as people. They can be identified by the lack of empathy. It is they who poison a cat to a neighbor, pay for a ticket to dog fights, it is they who rape, kill, make fake drugs.
  3. viktor_ui
    viktor_ui 12 May 2020 05: 40 New
    -8
    Now it’s all about the fight against spy-birds and sabotage animals in the country of Muscovy ... and in the sewers of the worms, do not forget to check for loyalty, otherwise you never know. And it is necessary, MANDATORY, to allocate funds for this from the budget. wassat Your heads weren’t baked there for an hour with spring exacerbation in parallel? Yes, let Chubais release his nanobots from his pocket nano-valley.
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 12 May 2020 05: 58 New
      +5
      Now it’s all about the fight against spy-birds and saboteur animals in the Muscovite country ...

      It will not help ... the engineers have already learned how to make completely believable artificial birds and insects ... if you put them into mass production, your mother will not cry for humanity.
      Imagine a mass of robotic locusts or bats controlled from the CIA ... the prospects are very interesting and alluring.
      1. Same lech
        Same lech 12 May 2020 06: 02 New
        +1
        If such a horror flies into your bed you can and have a heart attack.
        1. viktor_ui
          viktor_ui 12 May 2020 06: 21 New
          +2
          Aleksey, they will be bio-locust for us, and we will also purchase bio-chickens from the Chinese for foreign invasion, because our Chinese chickens are invincible ... I’m wondering, bioengineering is one of the priorities in the development of a technically developed country all over the world, and a lot of it is embodied in existing serial technical samples. In what phase this process is with us, it seems that the horse did not roll around or the rudimentary level.
          Let him try the current in bed ... I know for sure what I’ll do with her drinks
          Yes, artificial biobots are still far from the original in terms of motor behavior ... it seems, but no more.
          1. lelik613
            lelik613 29 July 2020 07: 51 New
            0
            Send a herd of flying biocores to Washington ...
      2. Ros 56
        Ros 56 12 May 2020 08: 49 New
        0
        But what if the FSB intercepts control? Well, what nonsense about the omnipotent CIA, where their strength is 17 secret services, if they didn’t get a damn about our cartoons, until we showed them ourselves and now they scratch their turnips.
        1. Same lech
          Same lech 12 May 2020 09: 01 New
          +1

          But what if the FSB intercepts control? Well what nonsense about the omnipotent CIA,

          And who said that these toys will be used against the FSB smile
          The TSRUs are also not stupid conclusions for themselves ... they’ll come up with some other muck ... I’m more afraid of the possibility of the appearance in the ranks of the FSB of a new Bakatin, Vadim Viktorovich, who passed the secrets of our bugs to the Americans.
          1. Ros 56
            Ros 56 12 May 2020 09: 12 New
            0
            And where I said that it was against the FSB, I said that the FSB would intercept, which they repeatedly proved.
            You are an adult, do you really think that Bakatin voluntarily did this. Have you forgotten the three-fingered drunk? Our leadership still has a lot to analyze and evaluate and, as they say, give earrings to all sisters.
      3. not main
        not main 13 May 2020 00: 04 New
        +2
        Quote: The same Lech
        Now it’s all about the fight against spy-birds and saboteur animals in the Muscovite country ...

        It will not help ... the engineers have already learned how to make completely believable artificial birds and insects ... if you put them into mass production, your mother will not cry for humanity.
        Imagine a mass of robotic locusts or bats controlled from the CIA ... the prospects are very interesting and alluring.

        While a cat, a kitten and a dog live in my house, this does not threaten me! And they will ensure my safety! It is necessary to see how they destroy everything that can pose a threat to their life and mine!
    2. knn54
      knn54 12 May 2020 07: 03 New
      0
      Spy fauna, however.
      1. viktor_ui
        viktor_ui 12 May 2020 07: 09 New
        +1
        "Шпионская фауна,однако."....вместе с флорой и принцем Флоризелем до кучи. Кстати, эффективность роя ещё великий Артур Кларк , в своём научно-фантастическом произведении "НЕПОБЕДИМЫЙ" довольно точно описал в деталях.
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 12 May 2020 11: 14 New
          +2
          ещё великий Артур Кларк , в своём научно-фантастическом произведении "НЕПОБЕДИМЫЙ"

          Ошибаетесь, "Непобедимый" - это Станислав Лем
          1. viktor_ui
            viktor_ui 16 May 2020 16: 23 New
            +1
            Вы правы... СТАНИСЛАВ ЛЕМ...вместе с "Дневниками Ийона Тихого" drinks
    3. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 12 May 2020 07: 42 New
      0
      It would be better if they experimented immediately with ostriches - they could immediately listen to the underground bunker!)) laughing
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 12 May 2020 06: 43 New
    -1
    Even for a multi-million dollar program budget, this turned out to be wasteful - some birds disappeared without a trace or returned without expensive equipment.

    our archives haven’t opened it yet with reports on the successful use of the Russian slingshot yes

    By the way, I think that experiments with birds can continue today, because today's cameras do not weigh 35 grams, but milligrams, and a living drone has an inexhaustible source of energy compared to an artificial one.

    although there are many disadvantages, of course ...
  5. sav
    sav 12 May 2020 08: 11 New
    +5
    они упоминают о ярлыке с надписью: «Equipment of St. Petersburg" ("Оборудование Санкт-Петербурга"), что "однозначно" говорит о российской провокации у берегов Норвегии. В общем, осталось только для верности телефон обратной связи оставить

    Norway also clamped budenovka laughing
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 12 May 2020 08: 36 New
      +3
      Quote: sav
      Norway also clamped budenovka

      And a picture of Putin in a cap.
  6. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 12 May 2020 08: 35 New
    -3
    What wild animals, nonhumans need to be beaten to make animals be killers. God, how low America has fallen.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 12 May 2020 11: 29 New
      +6
      Quote: tihonmarine
      What wild animals, nonhumans need to be beaten to make animals be killers.

      Princess Olga looks at your post with disapproval. smile
    2. val43
      val43 12 May 2020 16: 51 New
      +2
      Do you recall dogs with attached anti-tank mines?
    3. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 20: 21 New
      0
      Quote: tihonmarine
      What wild animals, nonhumans need to be beaten to make animals be killers. God, how low America has fallen.
      belay
      Quote: Alexey RA
      Princess Olga looks at your post with disapproval.
      on the mournful trisne of Drevlyan yes (+)
      Quote: val43
      Do you recall dogs with attached anti-tank mines?
      winked Is it worth it to upset a person ?! what
      Quote: Galleon
      Nobody flies over the Kremlin: birds of prey are kept there for this. Under the USSR, one could see a raven and pigeons, now it’s empty.
      those. saw through the Enemies ?! what belay
  7. fn34440
    fn34440 12 May 2020 08: 51 New
    +1
    Our Russian patriotic gray crows will not allow trained spy pigeons to fly over the Kremlin and other especially secret objects of the capital.
    1. Galleon
      Galleon 12 May 2020 10: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: fn34440
      Our Russian patriotic gray crows will not allow trained spy pigeons to fly over the Kremlin

      Nobody flies over the Kremlin: birds of prey are kept there for this. Under the USSR, one could see a raven and pigeons, now it’s empty.
      1. your1970
        your1970 18 May 2020 22: 45 New
        -1
        Quote: Galleon
        Nobody flies over the Kremlin: birds of prey are kept there for this. Under the USSR, one could see a raven and pigeons, now it’s empty.
        - even when the Soviet Union began to drive, so that architectural monuments do not wash later
  8. depressant
    depressant 12 May 2020 11: 30 New
    +1
    From the window of my kitchen you can see the building, which was once a radar research institute. Pigeons with their carcasses humiliate wires. Muzzles to the institute. The skill of spying was inherited. There is no institute, but there are spies. And how they crap on the cars below! Abundantly crap.
    But seriously, before the New Year I saw a movie with an artificial bird, it cannot be distinguished from the real one. Flying inside a huge pavilion, I consciously dodged obstacles to myself without operator intervention. The audience was delighted. Without realizing that you can follow anyone right now. The bird is not an obvious drone, passers-by will not catch or shoot it, because we are all humanists. Somehow this is uncomfortable.
    1. Nemchinov Vl
      Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 20: 17 New
      +1
      Quote: depressant
      The bird is not an obvious drone, passers-by will not catch it or shoot it down, because we are all humanists. Somehow this is uncomfortable.
      but it’s not amenable to programming, but instincts easily ... smile
      1. depressant
        depressant 12 May 2020 20: 43 New
        0
        Colleague, I appreciated your joke wassat
        1. Nemchinov Vl
          Nemchinov Vl 12 May 2020 21: 14 New
          +2
          Quote: depressant
          Colleague, I appreciated your joke
          Always happy fellow and he himself would be delighted with your sarcasm, -
          Quote: depressant
          From the window of my kitchen you can see the building, which was once a radar research institute. Pigeons with their carcasses humiliate wires. Muzzles to the institute. The skill of spying was inherited. There is no institute, but there are spies
          belay Yes, and the simplicity of the author of the article I like ... laughing but somehow I have to (part of performance), studied cynology ... And it’s not easy with dogs, if you want to teach sensibly ... yes I admit that with dolphins ... what but you can ... with cats recourse , well, only if you believe Kuklachev ... repeat but with the birds belay ?! Let's say pigeons, and as the basis of the main training methods, - "пищевой инстинкт" (on the promotion of a treat)but ... request
          You launched a dove near the object video / photo fixation (option one), lens flare / glare of the camera lens over the guarded object (this is when you are near the area of ​​the facility to run), and you with the returning dove / target indication / are detained by the FSB ?! It's a failure ?! Or (option two), you are a couple of blocks from the object of obtaining information ... The dove is launched towards the goal (but how can he explain what exactly the goal is?), and on the way to her, an ugly schoolboy scattered seeds (and even worse, an elderly senile feeds bread wild / yard pigeons)?! He had not even reached yet, but decided to feast on, and then, the cat of the old woman, who did not know about the secret special task of the bird ...?! It's a failure ?! recourse how to trust these mysterious to animals / birds ?! request
          1. depressant
            depressant 12 May 2020 22: 04 New
            0
            Replace with artificial ones! wassat A natural prohibit walking on the street. Has appeared? Trapping! At the same time, we will get rid of a raid of civilization, humanely suspecting a regular intelligence officer in every stray animal)))
  9. vladcub
    vladcub 12 May 2020 21: 10 New
    +2
    Dolphins used for military purposes, have long been tried. Allegedly, in him, on the orders of Emperor Nicholas 2, work began under Sevastopol. It was supposed to use dolphins to search for mines. After the revolution and intervention, our development was used by all and sundry.
    В одной из серий:"Морских дьяволов" есть серия про дельфина-убийцу. По фильму: в лихие 90-е Ираку продали несколько обученных дельфинов,а они их приучали убивать аквалангистов-диверсантов. И"Багира"одного дельфина" разооружила".
    Кстати по поводу фильма, в фильме очень много натяжка и"клюквы",как и в любом худфильме,но это один из немногих б.м хороших фильмов
  10. rruvim
    rruvim 13 May 2020 14: 35 New
    0

    My Spy Cats. smile
  11. Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 13 May 2020 15: 31 New
    0
    Surgically Modified Spy Kitten


    This kitten has his left eye and entire right brain removed.
    A half-hidden video camera (in the form of a glass eye), a microphone and a transmission device are implanted in the skull.
    The principle of operation of the power source is unknown. Radio frequencies are unknown. Laboratory research in conjunction with the AOR AR8600 device did not give any intelligible results.
    Surgical removal of a part of the brain led to a lot of side effects by which you can recognize a spy kitten:
    - The kitten does not feel hunger until he sees the food (if you do not show food, he can starve to death without even mewing).
    - Completely deaf in the left ear.
    - The entire right side of the body is insensitive to pain.
    - He has a pathological interest in any pyrotechnic products containing sulfur compounds.
    - Does not have binocular vision (eye removed). Always misses when jumping and hunting, which greatly affects his appearance and self-esteem.
    - The kitten is not able to distinguish between blue and violet. As a result, the Fyushinger test always fails.
    - During rumbling, extraneous sounds are clearly audible (checked by a medical stethoscope).
    Principle of work: In the laboratory, kittens undergo special sorting. Only kittens are sent for modification that, with their appearance, invoke an irresistible feeling of pity and compassion in more than 95% of people.
    The modified kitten is thrown to the recipient or transmitted from “acquaintances” or “friends”.
    Under the influence of mercy, the recipient takes the kitten to his home and thus for a long time is under the supervision of a special service.
    For obvious reasons, photos of the opening of a kitten are not published.