Military Review

Type 99 Chinese tank vs American M1 Abrams: main advantages

42

In China, convinced of the superiority of their tank Type 99 over most other modern tanks, including the M1 Abrams, the main battle tank of the U.S. Army. But is there any real reason for the Chinese press to extol the PLA war machine like that?


Like many other types of military equipment and weapons made in China, the Type 99 (ZTZ-99) tank is based on technologies developed and tested in the Soviet Union. Chinese designers took over the experience of Soviet tank building, creatively approaching the development of one of the most massive Soviet T-72 tanks. At the same time, experts call Type 99 a truly breakthrough product of the Chinese military industry.

The tank entered serial production in 1998, after three years having entered service with tank units of the People's Liberation Army of China. The Type 99 tank is armed with a ZPT-98 smoothbore gun, which is actually a copy of the Soviet 2A46. An electromechanical automatic loader is used, which also resembles a Soviet prototype.

The rate of fire of the gun is 8 rounds per minute, the ammunition load is 22 rounds in the automatic loader (41 rounds of separate-shell loading). Used armor-piercing shells with a detachable pallet, cumulative, high-explosive fragmentation ammunition, anti-tank guided missiles.

In addition, the tank is armed with a 7,62 mm Type 98 machine gun mounted to the right of the gun and controlled remotely, and a 12,7 mm anti-aircraft machine gun, which can be used both for air targets with a range of up to 1,5 km, and on ground targets with a range of 1,6 km. The armament of the tank includes 10 smoke grenades.

Fire control is carried out using the periscope sight of the gunner with a thermal imager, an integrated laser range finder. The tank commander uses a periscope sight, and both the gunner and the tank commander can control the fire. The crew of the tank, as with all vehicles with automatic loaders, has 3 people - the tank commander, driver and gunner.

The Type 99 tank is armed with a 125 mm cannon, unlike most NATO countries armed with 120 mm cannons. Type 99 has a 125 mm cannon with a carousel. Ammunition with a tungsten core allows to penetrate the frontal armor of the American tank M1 Abrams. In the future, the Chinese military command expects to equip the new tank modifications with a 140-mm cannon.

Automatic loading allows you to reduce the crew to 3 people. Western tanks with 4 crew members, of course, are larger and heavier than those tanks in which there are 3 crew members, since an extra tanker also needs extra space inside the car.

In addition, the Type 99 weighs about 55 tons with the weight of the main battle tank of the US Army M1 Abrams in more than 70 tons. This fact also increases the maneuverability and mobility of the Chinese combat vehicle. The speed of the Type 99 tank is up to 80 km / h, while the Abrams can only reach speeds of 68 km / h.

A separate point is the excellent Type 99 electronics, for example, a search-tracking infrared system. The presence of a laser complex of active counteraction allows the commander to know that the tank is irradiated by the enemy’s laser beam and to order the driver to remove the tank from the danger zone. It also improves tank survival during combat operations.

According to some reports, the Chinese tank also uses a powerful quantum generator, blinding laser-guided laser-guided missiles with a laser beam and incapacitating enemy sights. Such a generator is capable of hitting the organs of vision of the operators of enemy guns.

As for the safety of the tank during attacks by enemy guns, the Type 99 is protected by composite armor, and has dynamic protection in the form of blocks that undermine flying projectiles. The Type 99A2 modification uses a multi-layer defense system, using a radar system to undermine elements of active-reactive armor before the enemy’s shell weapons hit the tank.

No wonder the American expert Sebastien Roblin of The National Interest writes that the Type 99 tank, even though it was never used in battle, arouses respect among the Western military. Moreover, in a number of parameters it surpasses the American tank M1 Abrams, although the latter was still repeatedly tested in a variety of military campaigns.
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  1. Usher
    Usher April 15 2020 13: 37 New
    +7
    Just copy-paste. For those who do not understand what a tank is.
    1. Kostyar
      Kostyar April 15 2020 13: 39 New
      +2
      Nevertheless, they are well done!
      Trying to try, and eventually achieve the result!
      1. Grandfather
        Grandfather April 15 2020 13: 58 New
        +5
        Chinese tank, starts above the geese, before that, it seems ours.
      2. Usher
        Usher April 16 2020 10: 26 New
        +3
        Quote: Bone
        Nevertheless, they are well done!
        Trying to try, and eventually achieve the result!

        I'm not talking about the Chinese, but about the article. Idiotic style. And so everyone knows what kind of tank, why repeat the same thing.
    2. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z April 15 2020 16: 33 New
      0
      China is convinced that its Type 99 tank is superior to most other modern tanks, including the M1 Abrams, the main battle tank of the U.S. Army

      Well, they waited! The Chinese before this military equipment of almost all countries exceeded their own, now they have reached the American. M1 Abrams - defeated, we are waiting for victorious publications about specific models of shipbuilding and aviation!
  2. Doccor18
    Doccor18 April 15 2020 13: 42 New
    +5
    "China is convinced of the superiority of its Type 99 over most other modern tanks .."

    In China, they are convinced in many respects, but the facts say that the combat vehicle shows the real possibilities on the battlefield.
  3. Professor
    Professor April 15 2020 13: 42 New
    +7
    No wonder the American expert Sebastien Roblin of The National Interest writes that ...

    American? From the national interest? We do not read further.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather April 15 2020 14: 00 New
      +5
      Quote: Professor
      No wonder the American expert Sebastien Roblin of The National Interest writes that ...

      American? From the national interest? We do not read further.

      Dave Majumdar, number two?
    2. Lara Croft
      Lara Croft April 16 2020 00: 34 New
      +1
      Quote: Professor
      No wonder the American expert Sébastien Robin from The National Interest writes that ...

      American? From the national interest? We do not read further.

      Do you think he is a Mexican villain? You are just jealous ...
  4. smaug78
    smaug78 April 15 2020 13: 45 New
    +9
    Again Polonsky, again disgraced. He’s probably a masochist laughing
    1. Amateur
      Amateur April 15 2020 14: 30 New
      11
      Well, a person does not know English or Chinese well, therefore, uses machine translation. And he does not understand tanks. Phrase
      powerful laser-dazzling quantum generator
      evokes emotion, because a quantum generator and a laser are one and the same. But everyone needs money. So the man is trying. In general - a "swift jack".
      And we have something to do in "self-isolation". They laughed at the man, sprinkled bile on the keyboard - and ... GOOD! drinks
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov April 15 2020 15: 13 New
        +3
        Quote: Amateur
        causes emotion, because a quantum generator and a laser are one and the same.

        It's about a system for detecting and suppressing optics.
        one, low-power, scans the terrain, the other blinds / suppresses the detected.
        1. Amateur
          Amateur April 15 2020 15: 18 New
          0
          Respected! Do you want to translate Polonsky’s words into an understandable language or doubt that the laser is a quantum generator? what
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov April 15 2020 15: 20 New
            +2
            I explain what is at stake.
            1. Amateur
              Amateur April 15 2020 15: 29 New
              0
              Don't you play preference? There is a good saying:
              "Do not meddle, advisor, to the players, or you will get in the teeth"
              Mr. Polonsky needs to write his articles more literally. Then they did not have to be translated again. My comment was about this, but about a Chinese tank. drinks
              1. Lopatov
                Lopatov April 15 2020 15: 34 New
                +2
                Quote: Amateur
                Don't you play preference? There is a good saying:
                "Do not meddle, advisor, to the players, or you will get in the teeth"

                Create a blog in LJ, and you can control other people's posts there.
                And here is your opinion about what you can write and what not, deep purple
                1. Amateur
                  Amateur April 15 2020 15: 35 New
                  0
                  and what is not, deep purple

                  Mutually!
                  1. Lopatov
                    Lopatov April 15 2020 15: 41 New
                    +1
                    Quote: Amateur
                    Mutually!

                    Since it is violet, why did they start hysteria and puff up in the style of "penpal boxing"?
                    laughing
                    Coming soon to call yourself "All-Conquering Teeth Striker"?
                    laughing laughing laughing
  5. bar
    bar April 15 2020 13: 46 New
    +6
    China is convinced of the superiority of its Type 99 tank over most other modern tanks

    Xsperds from the "Sohu resource" won't lie laughing
  6. 川 建国
    川 建国 April 15 2020 13: 55 New
    0
    The 99A Chinese Tank Rating System won. This means that the tank as a whole has exceptional efficiency and does not aim at the polar poles of one of the sides. And in the future, the function of the tank as a military information node will be even more noticeable, as well as the function 99A.
    1. smaug78
      smaug78 April 15 2020 16: 29 New
      +1
      Great non-Russian nonsense.
  7. V.I.P.
    V.I.P. April 15 2020 13: 59 New
    -1
    Same as T-72/90. One weapon, the same projectile for armor penetration. Electronics and a laser counter-installation are better than ours ..... Neither our nor Chinese BOPS can penetrate the front armor of SepV3 ... Chinese is comparable with our tanks, which means it cannot be the best in the world)))
    1. Peter is not the first
      Peter is not the first April 15 2020 14: 16 New
      0
      Since in electronics of counter-action and finding a target it is better than our serial tanks, and also in the presence of KAZ, then, at the moment, it is better than ours. And taking into account the fact that in the articles on VO and in the discussions our tanks are the best, it again turns out that the Chinese tank is fantastic! wink
  8. DMB 75
    DMB 75 April 15 2020 14: 08 New
    10
    An article as a handout of the Chinese defense industry.
    Type 99 Chinese tank vs American M1 Abrams

    So they would compare two tanks, and not sing praises to one.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather April 15 2020 14: 52 New
      +3
      Here's how to compare that? "72 ka" does not leave the war, but "TYPE" remains a "type", untested.
  9. knn54
    knn54 April 15 2020 14: 12 New
    +1
    The turret of the T-99 looks more like a "leopard" one.
    -Tank Type 99 is armed with a smoothbore gun ZPT-98, which is actually a copy of the Soviet 2A46.
    It is possible to launch anti-tank missiles through the gun’s barrel, which M1 cannot.
    Serious argument "Abrams" - armor-piercing shells with a core of depleted uranium,
    Essentially prohibited.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather April 15 2020 14: 58 New
      +3
      Quote: knn54
      Serious argument "Abrams" - armor-piercing shells with a core of depleted uranium,
      Essentially prohibited.

      we also have them, and Israel, France, England, Germany ... the owners of these shells. But China does not know, but if not, they will be soon, I have no doubt.
      1. Lara Croft
        Lara Croft April 16 2020 00: 39 New
        0
        Quote: Dead Day
        Quote: knn54
        Serious argument "Abrams" - armor-piercing shells with a core of depleted uranium,
        Essentially prohibited.

        we have them too

        we kind of tungsten ... no?
  10. Grading
    Grading April 15 2020 14: 17 New
    +4
    Quote: smaug78
    Again Polonsky, again disgraced. He’s probably a masochist laughing

  11. ximkim
    ximkim April 15 2020 14: 29 New
    +1
    Each frog praises its swamp.
  12. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal April 15 2020 14: 43 New
    +1
    [quote] Type 99 tank, even though it has never been used in battle, is respected by the western military. [/ quote
    In the place of the Chinese comrades, I would be on my guard and rush to look for "what the Western gentlemen liked" and where did the capitalists "inflame with respect" for the new tank .... The West has never respected anyone except itself, loved and the smartest !!!!
  13. Altona
    Altona April 15 2020 14: 55 New
    +3
    Something somehow went heap, the second day about Abrams. About Abrams and fighters of the 5th generation, who are thicker, wider and sweeter. And on the second day, I can only say one thing, that any tank and aircraft has an important thing as a crew. Because, for example, don't give an Arab tanker any tank, he will go forward, singing "tyldr-myldr, mine is going to the best tank." Then bang-bang, it is knocked out by the Houthis with an old ATGM or the Jews with a new ATGM, and the mood of the Arab tanker changes to the opposite "woo, shit shaitan-arba, it's time to make a leg-arm" (I'm talking about the current Saudi tankers and the old Egyptian ones). We have seen this many times. In addition, there are frequent battles between the T-55 and more modern armored vehicles. And in the magazines idle experts write, this is a good tank, how powerful, how perfect. Let them go to the landfill and live, as they say, cut.
  14. A.TOR
    A.TOR April 15 2020 17: 35 New
    +2
    Ammunition with a tungsten core allows to penetrate the frontal armor of the American tank M1 Abrams

    Did someone (somewhere once) see Abrams's broken frontal armor?
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. stoqn477
      stoqn477 April 15 2020 19: 04 New
      +2
      Quote: A.TOR

      Did someone (somewhere once) see Abrams's broken frontal armor?

      In someone's dream ...
    3. BREAKTHROUGH READY
      BREAKTHROUGH READY April 15 2020 21: 58 New
      +2
      Are you talking about this? So this hole was left by the 300mm cumulative warhead of the tactical missile AGM-65 "Mavarik".
      1. A.TOR
        A.TOR April 16 2020 17: 25 New
        +1
        Yes, but Maverick did it, not the other side
  15. Kostya Lavinyukov
    Kostya Lavinyukov April 15 2020 19: 15 New
    0
    And where is he interested in gaining 10 extra tons?
  16. German Titov
    German Titov April 15 2020 22: 04 New
    0
    Quote: Amateur
    Well, a person does not know English or Chinese well, therefore, uses machine translation. And he does not understand tanks. Phrase
    powerful laser-dazzling quantum generator
    evokes emotion, because a quantum generator and a laser are one and the same. But everyone needs money. So the man is trying. In general - a "swift jack".
    And we have something to do in "self-isolation". They laughed at the man, sprinkled bile on the keyboard - and ... GOOD! drinks

    Like "I have a wife, children. Chamois, children from Chamois" (close to the text "Golden Calf"). The 100th anniversary is approaching us, motorists with a "swift jack"
  17. German Titov
    German Titov April 15 2020 22: 04 New
    0
    Quote: Amateur
    Well, a person does not know English or Chinese well, therefore, uses machine translation. And he does not understand tanks. Phrase
    powerful laser-dazzling quantum generator
    evokes emotion, because a quantum generator and a laser are one and the same. But everyone needs money. So the man is trying. In general - a "swift jack".
    And we have something to do in "self-isolation". They laughed at the man, sprinkled bile on the keyboard - and ... GOOD! drinks

    Like "I have a wife, children. Chamois, children from Chamois" (close to the text "Golden Calf"). The 100th anniversary is approaching us, motorists with a "swift jack"
  18. Grading
    Grading April 16 2020 12: 00 New
    +1
    Quote: BREAKTHROUGH READY
    Are you talking about this? So this hole was left by the 300mm cumulative warhead of the tactical missile AGM-65 "Mavarik".

    April 5, 2003 - M1A1 "Cojone Eh", Company C, 1st Battalion, 64th Panzer Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division
    The most famous tank of the Iraqi war. Lost during the first thunder run in the southern suburbs of Baghdad.
    Captain Jason Conroy, C Company Commander: "Approximately twenty minutes after the start of the raid we were approaching a bridge over the road when I saw something fly out of some residential buildings to the right of the road and explode at the tank's [side] screen. Diaz. At first I thought it was an RPG, but the smoke cloud after hitting it looked much larger than the RPG. "
    Colonel David Perkins, 2nd Brigade Commander, 3rd Infantry Division: “... on the 5th, when we attacked all the way to this intersection, which became the [7th] Curley target, one of our tanks was immobilized. whether an RPG grenade, or a recoilless gun shot went under a ballistic shield on the side of the tank and pierced the fuel tank, and it began to burn. "

    Lieutenant Colonel Eric Schwartz, commander of the 1st battalion, 64th tank regiment: "The longest 18 minutes in my life."
    After the defeat, the tank's engine caught fire. The crew got out and tried to put it out. Fire extinguishers from several other tanks were used, and then ordinary water from the containers transported outside was used, but the fire either extinguished or flared up again. While the tank was burning, they did not risk towing it. The column stopped. For about 20 minutes, there was a fruitless fight with fire under sporadic enemy fire, and, surprisingly, none of the tankers participating in the extinguishing was wounded. Finally, the battalion commander gave the order to abandon "Cojone Eh", as the resulting hitch posed a threat to the progress of the operation (Lt. Col. Schwartz: "The most difficult order I have ever had to give"). They took everything they could from the tank - weapons and personal belongings of the crew, maps, night vision devices. Incendiary grenades were thrown inside to destroy the interior. To detonate the ammunition in the stern of the turret, a sub-caliber projectile was fired from the cannon of another Abrams (one of the photographs shows that the Cojone Eh's knockout panels worked).
    The abandoned tank was shown by the world's largest TV channels, became a great attraction for the Iraqis and was actively used for propaganda purposes, which is why the Americans tried to additionally damage it in order to make it unpresentable: the aircraft fired two AGM-65 Maverick anti-tank missiles at it. hitting the starboard side and forehead of the turret, and dropped a JDAM corrected aerial bomb that exploded near the left side (it was not a direct hit). The Iraqis tried to tow "Cojone Eh" somewhere, which ended with the destruction of the involved ARV. After the capture of Baghdad, the tank was put on the sidelines, where it remained for some time - at least until the end of April. His further fate is unknown.
    The Cojone Eh's crew was not injured, but the driver was seriously injured later in the raid.
  19. Goshan
    Goshan April 16 2020 13: 57 New
    0
    And the big guys seem to be the best tank "Oplot"
  20. steelmaker
    steelmaker April 18 2020 11: 10 New
    -1
    Better to fight in a tank biathlon than in a real battle. And may the strongest win!