Military Review

The choice of immortality. The tragic death of Prince Peter Bagration

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The choice of immortality. The tragic death of Prince Peter Bagration

Prince Bagration. Source: ar.culture.ru


Causes of tragedy


As mentioned in the first partOn September 7, 1812, Prince Peter Bagration received a fragmentary wound on the left leg in the Borodino field with damage to the tibia or fibula, which led to blood loss and traumatic shock. The next few days, the circumstances were not for the wounded man in the best way - he had to constantly retreat in front of the enemy. Of the 17 days lived after being wounded, the prince spent on the road. This did not allow to conduct all medical procedures in a timely manner, and the constant shaking along the way exhausted Bagration a lot. However in historical There is an opinion among the environment that the main culprits are doctors with their unprofessional actions.

It is worth moving to the 1944st Belorussian Front in February 1, where Army General Nikolai Fedorovich Vatutin received a gunshot wound to his right thigh with bone damage. In principle, this was not a mortal wound for the middle of the 15th century; the injured could have been returned to duty in the event of a favorable combination of circumstances. In addition, the arsenal of military doctors of the Red Army already had antiseptics, methods of blood transfusion, coupled with local and general anesthesia. But, despite the fact that Stalin himself monitored the treatment, and the chief surgeon Nikolai Burdenko supervised the medical management, Vatutin died on April 10, XNUMX days after amputation. Will there be a fair reproach to the physicians of the beginning of the XNUMXth century who could not convince Bagration in time of the need for amputation and even just surgical intervention?


Nikolai Fedorovich Vatutin. Source: xfiles.ru

Serious psycho-emotional experiences were imposed on the general physical condition of the prince, associated not only with the forced abandonment of Moscow by the Russian army. Bagration was saddened by the fact that his foe Mikhail Barclay de Tolly actually saved his 2nd army. In addition, after being wounded, the commander of the army was first appointed General Miloradovich, and later Tormasov. At the same time, the order included the definition “to the highest decree”, that is, Bagration was not particularly expected after recovery. As it turned out, the prince was not in good relations with Emperor Alexander I, and following the results of the battle of Borodino, the ruler granted him only fifty thousand rubles. For comparison: Kutuzov after the battle became a general-marshal and received one hundred thousand rubles. And Prince Bagration did not even receive the money due, with his death, the emperor’s decree was abolished. Moreover, Alexander I behaved inappropriately when he actually forbade the burial of the military leader in St. Petersburg - relatives had to make a modest burial in the village of Simy.

Way east


Let us return to the moment when the wounded Prince Bagration was taken from the battlefield and evacuated to Mozhaisk under the blows of the advancing French. However, it was dangerous to stay here. The prince calls to himself the senior doctor of the Life Guards of the Lithuanian Regiment, Yakov Govorov, who gave him first aid on the battlefield and who will be destined to stay with Bagration until the end of his days. After a couple of years, Govorov will publish, based on the events of those days, the book "The Last Days of the Life of Prince Peter Ivanovich Bagration." It is noteworthy that in it the most characteristic moments will be extinct by the censor. Already on September 9-10, doctors using the prince during the Mozhaysk-Moscow transition discover unpleasant signs of an inflammatory process. At the same time, Yakov Govorov could not fully examine the prince’s wound - the wagon had to move quickly, the stops were short. The main danger was getting such a high-ranking military officer in French captivity. What would happen under such circumstances? Napoleon would do his best to save the wounded prince and would attract his best military doctor Dominic Larrey. This adherent of amputation of everything and everyone would surely deprive Bagration of his leg. In this state, Bagration would have come to some kind of festive reception at Napoleon, where he would have been awarded an honorary sword or saber. By the way, this already happened - in the case of the capture of Major General Pyotr Gavrilovich Likhachev. But do we know now who the general of the Russian army is Likhachev?


The grave of Bagration on the Borodino field. Source: wikipedia.org

On September 12, the wagon with Bagration enters Moscow, where Governor-General Rostopchin meets the prince himself, at the request of whom he inspects another luminary of Russian medicine, Count Fedor Andreevich Guildenbrandt. He was a very experienced doctor who graduated from the school of military medicine in infantry battalions, and then served as chief surgeon at the Moscow Military Hospital. At the time of World War II, Fedor Andreevich was both a professor at Moscow University and a surgeon at the Main Military Hospital. After examining the wound, Guildenbrandt told the prince that “the wounds and health of your excellency are ordinary,” and he told those accompanying him: “... although the tibia of his leg was broken, but in Moscow the wound was very good and promised the salvation of a priceless military leader.”

At that time, for reasons beyond the control of the doctors, 48 ​​hours had already been missed, during which it was necessary to conduct a thorough cleaning of the wound. It is from this moment that the infection begins to damage, and in this case, relying on the internal resources of the body was reckless.

In total, three doctors at once (there was still the chief physician of the 2nd Army I.I. Gangart) monitored the state of Bagration, to which the wounded addressed with a characteristic speech:

“I have no doubt in the art of my masters of doctors, but it is desirable for me that you all use me together. "I wish in my current state it is better to rely on three skilled doctors than two."

At the same time, Bagration did not leave his service and managed to accept many people, giving them instructions. Governor-General Rostopchin, who visited the prince in those difficult days, recalled that one of the reasons for refusing amputation could be Bagration's age - 50 years. It was believed in those days that blood was already spoiled by this age, the risks of surgery are very high. In addition, in the two days that the wounded general spent in Moscow, the flow of visitors was great and this did not allow him to choose the time to prepare for the operation. When they learned about the surrender of Moscow,

"His wound in the dressing presented a very quantitative suppuration and a deep cavity hiding beneath it, from which a stinking pus was squeezed out."

But, by and large, such a state of affairs should not cause panic among doctors — in the period before the antiseptic, all wounds healed through intense suppuration. As history has shown, not in this case ...

Last days in Sims


Bagration with his retinue and doctors leaves Moscow on a carriage on September 14 and heading for the Vladimir province in the village of Simy. This paradoxical fact still does not find a clear explanation. The whole army, along with Mikhail Kutuzov, retreated to the planned lines in the Ryazan province, where there were hospitals, and the seriously wounded prince decided to go the other way. Is he afraid of captivity? Severe depression and excruciating pain clouded the mind? Be that as it may, the next day the wound acquires signs frightening to doctors: the strong stench of separating pus or, as they used to say, “rotten fever”. In accordance with the rules adopted in those days, doctors again and with great zeal began to insist on amputation. We instructed Govorov, who spoke out:
“Until now, all the methods of treatment we have used have been of little use to Your Grace, and therefore, in our general judgment of your illness, we have set out to take such a means that would destroy your suffering in the shortest possible time.”

Bagration refused. He was offered to at least give the go-ahead for the expansion of the wound for rehabilitation, but here they heard:

"Operation? I already know very well this remedy that you resort to when you do not know how to overcome the disease with medicines. ”
.
As a result, General Bagration ordered the treatment of rapidly developing sepsis with medication. In fact, this was limited only to the intake of ethereal tinctures of mauna with the Hoffmann anodine to soothe. All this led to the fact that already on September 16-17 the unfortunate passed the “point of no return”. Now, intoxication and infection of the body was not possible to stop even by amputation. Only on September 20 did Bagration succeed in persuading him to expand the wound, which, however, was already useless and only added suffering. At that time, the delayed surgical intervention caused osteomyelitis, sepsis and the development of anaerobic process. Over the next days, “Anton-fire spots with a lot of stench pus” appeared on the leg, and two days before his death Govorov observed worms in the wound.

“I noticed during this state,” Yakov Govorov wrote about the last days of the hero, “a gloomy longing that spreads across his face. Eyes gradually lost their last vigor, lips covered with blue, and sunken and withered cheeks with deadly pallor ... By evening, intensified nervous attacks with heavy breathing, wheezing and occasionally hiccups foretold the end of this great man. "

Surgeon Gangart was also under Prince Bagration, leaving his memories:

“Throughout the illness, until the last hour, day and night, I was at his bed. He felt severe pain, terrible anguish from the wound and suffered other painful seizures, but he did not utter the slightest complaint about his fate and suffering, demolishing them as a true hero; not terrified of death, he expected her approach with the same calm of spirit with which he was ready to meet her in the midst of the fury of battle ”

On September 24, 1812, General Peter Bagration died, having forever inscribed his name in the immortal regiment of the Fatherland.
Author:
Articles from this series:
"Better to die than to remain crippled." Mortal Wound of Prince Bagration
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  1. Svarog51
    Svarog51 22 March 2020 06: 15 New
    10
    That's how life turns! I happened to visit Sims in the fall of 1982, but I did not know that Bagration rested there. Would definitely visit.
    1. v4zawto
      v4zawto 22 March 2020 07: 24 New
      +8
      “In 1839, at the initiative of the partisan poet D.V. Davydov, the ashes of Prince Bagration were transferred to the Borodino field.

      “The monument has no historical, architectural and artistic significance,” the Bolsheviks decided in 1932. The monument on Raevsky’s battery was blown up, pieces of cast iron from which the monument was cast were put on industrial needs of the young Soviet country. At the same time, they opened and plundered the grave of Bagration, a henchman of rotten tsarism. For many years the commander’s bones lay around - there is no other word for it - among the garbage and debris of the old monument.

      In 1985-1987, the monument was restored, fragments of the bones of Bagration were found among the debris, which were then reburied. The buttons and fragments of the commander’s uniform became exhibits of the State Borodino Military-Historical Museum-Reserve. ”
      1. Olgovich
        Olgovich 22 March 2020 07: 51 New
        +3
        Quote: v4zawto
        In 1932 ... Bagration’s grave was destroyed, and his remains are thrown away.

        Blown up the grave - together with the main monument of Borodino - it was The main monument to Russian soldiers.
        Special cynicism is that it was done in ... 120-year anniversary OB.
        Quote: v4zawto
        In 1985-1987, the monument was restored, fragments of the bones of Bagration were found among the debris, which were then reburied.

        Whose are these fragments, nobody knows, the examination was denied - "no money." And the official leader of the reburial Laptev said: “The coffin was absolutely empty!"
        Quote: v4zawto
        “In 1839, at the initiative of the partisan poet D.V. Davydov, the ashes of Prince Bagration were transferred to the Borodino field

        By order of Nicholas 1, the ashes were transferred to the Borodino field and solemnly buried in the presence of HUNDRED THOUSAND soldiers and officers The Russian army and the Emperor himself with his retinue, as a sign of deep gratitude to Russia for her Hero
        1. v4zawto
          v4zawto 22 March 2020 08: 17 New
          +5
          An interesting point. On the one hand, the destruction of the monument and the desecration and ruin of the grave, on the other hand, is called the offensive in the Second World War.

          ,, The code name "Bagration" was the Belarusian operation (1944) of the Soviet army in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-45, during which the territory of Belarus was liberated. ,,

          Probably, after all, the war changed the minds of many, including the Communists and Stalin himself.
          1. vladcub
            vladcub 22 March 2020 09: 19 New
            +2
            "The war changed the consciousness of many, the Communists and Stalin himself" In fact, Stalin, unlike most members of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, knew and loved Russian history and culture well.
            On 3.07/41/XNUMX he addressed: "brothers and sisters", thereby emphasizing that in conditions of war, one should forget about differences.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 22 March 2020 10: 18 New
              0
              Another 3.07 he addressed: "brothers and sisters",

              Yes, when the smell of fried, everyone immediately became brothers and sisters, and after May 9, the 45th year, everything again returned to normal. Si la vie, Svyatoslav. request
              1. Olgovich
                Olgovich 23 March 2020 10: 38 New
                +3
                Quote: Sea Cat
                Another 3.07 he addressed: "brothers and sisters",

                Yes, when the smell is fried, all at once became brothers and sisters

                That's right!

                And there wasn’t at all ANY ONE word for the people after the terrible tragedy of 32-33, when there was more MORE from starvation per day than died during World War II .....
          2. Catfish
            Catfish 22 March 2020 09: 19 New
            +7
            If you believe the film "Liberation", then the initiative with the name of the operation belonged to I.V. Stalin: "I propose to call this operation after the great Russian commander Bagration."
            Objections, of course, were not, and indeed they were useless.
            As for the demolition of the monument, Shukshin had a very good story about the destruction of an old church in the village and about the Herostratic psychology, but unfortunately I do not remember the name.
            1. apro
              apro 22 March 2020 12: 34 New
              -4
              Quote: Sea Cat
              the destruction of an old church in the village

              But is it just the psychology of the Russian people? Or was nobody needed the temple? And it did not work to keep it at the expense of the parish ...
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 22 March 2020 12: 40 New
                +7
                And this is exactly the psychology of the Russian people

                You said that, not me.
                I did not say a word about the psychology of the RUSSIAN people, but I was about internationally.
                Read Shukshin if you haven’t.
                1. apro
                  apro 22 March 2020 12: 44 New
                  -3
                  Shukshin had a chance to read. Not an unambiguous writer. And if this group, as you say, solves important issues of society. And the rest of society accepts this. Then you need to put an equal sign with the rest of society.
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 22 March 2020 13: 35 New
                    +5
                    ... and if this group as you say. solves important issues of society ...

                    Please, give a line from my post where I wrote at least something like that. These are your words and your conclusions, and they should not be attributed to someone else.
                    ... and the rest of society accept it. then here you need to put an equal sign with the rest of society.

                    And it is you, and not I, who put an equal sign between all people and some, in your opinion, the leading leadership.
                    Will you continue to attribute your thoughts to me?
              2. Olgovich
                Olgovich 23 March 2020 10: 31 New
                0
                Quote: apro
                or was nobody needed the temple? and it didn’t work to keep it on the means of the parish ...

                Yeah, a thousand years (before the thieves) were needed, after them, needed, and during the thieves .... not needed. lol

                Read on Ismmat-HOW people defended their churches from the so-called anti-people "power and WHAT did they do with them for this.

                And Shpakovsky about this on the VO material was
                1. apro
                  apro 23 March 2020 14: 44 New
                  -1
                  Quote: Olgovich
                  from the so-called anti-people "power

                  You dear, here is this attack justify pzhlsta.and especially the so-called "power". As I understand it, Soviet power is not exactly power?
                  1. Olgovich
                    Olgovich 23 March 2020 15: 07 New
                    0
                    Quote: apro
                    You justify this attack justify pzhlst

                    belay
                    How many more times ?! belay
                    no one (people), never, never chose her anywhere!
                    1. apro
                      apro 23 March 2020 15: 12 New
                      0
                      But this one (the people) fought for Soviet power. He defended and died on the fronts of the civil and Great Patriotic War. He built. Tailed. He is somehow connected with those who did not choose Soviet power?
                      1. Olgovich
                        Olgovich 23 March 2020 15: 42 New
                        0
                        Quote: apro
                        But this one (the people) fought for Soviet power. He defended and died on the fronts of the civil and Great Patriotic War. He built. Tailed. He is somehow connected with those who did not choose Soviet power?

                        The people for the MOTHERLAND, for the FATHERLAND have been fighting, FOR THOUSAND YEARS, it built and restored it for a thousand years.

                        And for the "people's" power, when it was necessary to stand up for it in 1991, no one stood up, incl. her "vanguard" and you.

                        There have never been elections under that power, for she was AFRAID of them to death — it's just fact.
                      2. apro
                        apro 23 March 2020 16: 09 New
                        -3
                        Has or not to do?
                        Fatherland. Homeland and the USSR is the same thing?
                      3. Olgovich
                        Olgovich 23 March 2020 16: 28 New
                        0
                        Quote: apro
                        Fatherland. Homeland and the USSR is the same thing?

                        Our Fatherland and Homeland were called at different times in different ways, mainly RUSSIA, and during the short period of time the USSR.
                      4. apro
                        apro 23 March 2020 17: 20 New
                        -1
                        Does it relate or not?
                        And all the same, explain anti-nationality ...
                      5. Olgovich
                        Olgovich 24 March 2020 07: 51 New
                        -1
                        Quote: apro
                        Does it relate or not?

                        answered
                        Quote: apro
                        And all the same, explain anti-nationality ...

                        answered, but with satisfaction I repeat: no one (people), never, never chose her anywhere!
                      6. apro
                        apro 24 March 2020 08: 03 New
                        -1
                        In general, I understood your thoughts as follows: the Soviet government was aninational because all its actions and aspirations were directed towards the destruction and degradation of the Russian people. It deprived them of a better life. And the Russian people have nothing to do with the Soviet people and they were in hostile relations. Let it be so .
                      7. Olgovich
                        Olgovich 24 March 2020 08: 17 New
                        -2
                        Quote: apro
                        In general, I understand your fabrications So the Soviet government is ani-national because all its actions and aspirationsruled for the destruction and degradation of the Russian people. deprived him of a better life.

                        1. Not fabrications, but facts
                        2. They wanted, theoretically, "the best", but it turned out (due to inability) exactly that.
                        Quote: apro
                        Russian people have no Soviet no relation to the people

                        1. I do not understand, the RUSSIAN people in those days, where did it go? belay
                        2. The Russian people were, are, and, God forbid, be.
                        But the other is dumb, request
                      8. apro
                        apro 24 March 2020 08: 21 New
                        -1
                        Quote: Olgovich
                        I do not understand, the RUSSIAN people in those days, WHERE gone?
                        2. The Russian people were, are, and, God forbid, be.
                        And here ...,

                        Nowhere has gone. The Russian people have nothing to do with the Soviet. From the word at all.
                      9. Olgovich
                        Olgovich 24 March 2020 09: 39 New
                        -2
                        Quote: apro
                        .Russian people are not related to the Soviet. From the word at all.

                        The Russian people were, are, and, God forbid, be.
                        But the other is dumb.
                        It's just a fact.
  • vladcub
    vladcub 22 March 2020 08: 51 New
    +6
    One hundred thousand to give both the officers of the Russian army and the Emperor himself “now, as it happens: Alexander 1 for some personal reasons does not allow burying Bagration in the capital, and his brother brought 100 army to the reburial of the famous general.
    In this case, the emperor’s deed deserves respect.
    I don’t know another such case in our history
    1. Sunstorm
      Sunstorm 23 March 2020 06: 30 New
      0
      according to rumors, the Grand Duchess was breathing unevenly to Bagration ... maybe this caused such a sediment in Alexander ...
  • Serg koma
    Serg koma 23 March 2020 01: 21 New
    0
    Quote: Olgovich
    By order of Nicholas 1, the ashes were transferred to the Borodino field and solemnly buried in the presence of HUNDRED THOUSAND soldiers and officers The Russian army and the Emperor himself with his retinue, as a sign of deep gratitude to Russia for her Hero

    Something I strongly doubt that it was possible to bring a hundred thousandth army to the funeral (and it is advisable). In some sources, even more -
    "The first burial of Bagration on the Borodino field took place in 1839 on the personal instructions of Emperor Nicholas I. The autocrat along with a large retinue and a 120th army was present at the opening ceremony of the monument over the crypt, where the remains of the "miracle hero of the Russian army" were solemnly transferred from Sima. "

    The Russo-Turkish War of 1828–1829 -
    In theaters of war, Russia had the 95th Danube army under the command of General Count P.H. Wittgenstein and the 25th Separate Caucasian Corps under the command of General I.F. Paskevich.
    In the battle of Borodino (according to various sources), 110 to 155 thousand people of the Russian army took part ...
    Fake about the hundred thousandth army present at Bagration’s funeral apparently went from the words of Archbishop Parfeny of Vladimir, who, on the morning of July 5, 1839, with a huge gathering of people, performing the liturgy over the ashes, before sending the ceremony with the ashes of the general from Sima to the Borodino field, addressing the deceased, said:
    On the day of the bloody battle, for the glory of the heroes who laid down their lives on the Borodinsky field, a triumphal celebration will take place, more than one hundred thousand Russian troops will be fully armed, will unfurl banners, repeat the lesson of memorable battle ... You will witness how the fateful place will turn to the place of glory, as a magnificent monument will be unveiled, how it will silently and eloquently bequeath and inspire posterity: “Soldiers of Russia! Valiant Bagration, Kutaisov, Tuchkov and thousands of heroes fell here, fell for honor, for saving the Fatherland, they knew how to win, but they knew how to sacrifice their lives as well ”

    those. the archbishop allegorically expressed himself about the size of the Russian army participating in the battle of Borodino, which takes its hero to the last journey ...
    Under the escort of the Kiev hussar regiment, the ashes of the hero were transported through Yuryev-Polskaya, Alexandrov, Sergiev Posad, Dmitrov, Voskresensk (Istra), Ruza, Mozhaisk to the village of Borodino. After the solemn memorial service that the famous Moscow Metropolitan Filaret (Drozdov) performed in the church of the village of Borodino, the coffin with the remains was buried in a crypt, over which a tombstone was laid, cast from captured weapons. The ceremonial reburial ceremony on July 24, 1839, at the place where the blood of Bagration was shed and most of his 2nd army was laid down, was attended by many prominent statesmen and military figures, including Emperor Nicholas I.
    On August 26, 1839, near the grave of Bagration, the Main Monument was opened to the heroes of Borodin.
    Epigraph of the book of Prince Nikolai Borisovich Golitsyn (orderly P.I. Bagration and a distant relative of his mother), dedicated to the transfer of the body of Bagration from Sima to the village of Semenovskaya: “Dust is glory everywhere”
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 23 March 2020 10: 26 New
      +1
      Quote: Serg Koma
      Fake about the hundred thousandth army present at the funeral of Bagration apparently went from the words of Archbishop Parthenius of Vladimir

      1. Why are you distributing your fakes?

      To belittle the scale of the wild crime of the Bolsheviks against the memory and glory of the Russian people?

      Ridiculous and ridiculous attempts ....
      1. Serg koma
        Serg koma 23 March 2020 13: 42 New
        +1
        Quote: Olgovich
        To belittle the scale of the wild crime of the Bolsheviks against the memory and glory of the Russian people?
        Olgovich, why do you see the machinations of the Bolsheviks everywhere? Sorry, but this is mania!
        You are spreading a fake about the XNUMXth army present at Bagration’s funeral - the Bolsheviks are to blame wassat Your arguments confirming the presence of such an army -
        At the funeral was attended by the Kiev Hussar Regiment, who at that time was stationed in Yuryevsky Uyezd, the number of the regiment could in no way be even about ten thousand people, and you claim a hundred thousand
        light cavalry regiment from December 1812
        There were 1432 combat horses in the regiment in peacetime, and 1582 in the military (excluding breeder-officer horses and horses for military officials).
        The staff of one squadron at that time was as follows: 7 chief officers, 13 non-commissioned officers, 148 privates (12 of them remained on foot), 3 trumpeters, 6 non-combatants and 143 combat horses.

        The entire military rite (the manager of the funeral) was entrusted to the regiment commander - Colonel Z. A. Kensky

        9th Hussar Kiev Field Marshal Prince Nikolai Repnin Regiment
        Seniority: 30.08.1668/XNUMX/XNUMX.

        December 14, 1806 - Distinguished himself in defending the crossing of the river. Narew at Pultusk.
        He participated in the battles of Heilsberg and Friedland.
        1809 - Participated in the Galician campaign as part of the Golitsin corps.
        1812 - As part of the 2nd Western Army, with fights, retreated from Volkovysk to Smolensk.
        August 24, 1812 - Shevardin attacked the Poles twice and knocked them over, losing the regiment’s chief wounded.
        Under Borodin he was appointed to the reserve of the 2nd Army, participated in several attacks.
        Participated in the battles of Maloyaroslavets, Vyazma and Red.
        1813 - As part of the corps of Baron Korf (Silesian Army), he participated in the battles of Lutsen and Bauzen, in the battles of Helmdorf, Levenberg (captured 6 guns and 714 prisoners) and Katzbach.
        At the battle of Leipzig, a frontal attack overturned the French cavalry and captured 7 guns. On October 7, the first to break into the city and capture 2 generals, 26 officers and an infantry battalion. The chief of the regiment, Emmanuel with 14 dragoons, personally captured the corps commander Loriston.
        1814 - Participated in the battles of Reims, Trilpore and Mo.
        Marks of Excellence
        August 30, 1814 - The St. George Standards with the inscription "For Distinction against the Enemy in the Battle of Katzbach on August 14, 1813" and signs on hats with the inscription "For Distinction" were most highly awarded.

        July 5, 1839 - The regiment participated in the ceremonial reburial of the remains of P.I. Bagration.

        At the battle of Alma in 1854, the Kiev Hussar Regiment unsuccessfully attacked the British and retreated. Enraged, Nicholas I ordered the entire regiment to take off the spurs from his right leg, and only after his death the hussars obtained a “pardon” from the new king.

        Please provide data on other units of the army (even if the regiment counted at 10 thousand people) who were on the Borodino field on July 24, 1839 - you are 90 thousand people, or a confession about a thrown fake
        1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Serg koma
        Serg koma 23 March 2020 14: 46 New
        +1
        Quote: Olgovich
        Why do you distribute their fakes ?

        Fake? Are you sure about that? If so, all claims in fakemetry to Prince Galitsyn, and not to me -
        In 1812, Nikolai Borisovich voluntarily returned to the army. In the Patriotic War of 1812, in foreign campaigns of 1813-1814, he fought as part of the Yelets Infantry Regiment. Prince Golitsyn heroically proved himself in battles on the Borodino field, during the capture of Paris, was repeatedly wounded, awarded the orders of St. Anne and St. Vladimir of the 4th degree, a sword with a golden hilt. In the years 1826-1831 he participated in the war in the Caucasus.
        In military service, N. B. Golitsyn was intermittently until 1832 (in 1825 he was a lieutenant colonel, since 1825 he was an officer on duty under generals A. P. Ermolov and I. F. Paskevich). In 1832-1835 he was an official of the Ministry of Finance. After the resignation from 1835 he lived in a village. Bogorodsky Novooskolsky district of the Kursk province, was engaged in musical and literary activities.
        During the Crimean War of 1854-1855, the 60-year-old prince commanded the Novooskolsky militia squad in Sevastopol.


        Russian State Library (on-line)
        Author Golitsyn, Nikolai Borisovich
        Title Transfer of the body of Prince Bagration to the Borodino field /
        Statement of responsibility [Kn. Nikolai Golitsyn]
        Imprint Moscow: type. A. Seeds at Imp. Honey. surgeon. Acad., 1839

        PSminusat for historical information - probably indecent ....
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 23 March 2020 15: 18 New
          0
          Quote: Serg Koma
          Fake? Are you sure about that? If so, all claims in fakemetry to Prince Galitsyn,

          My comment, unfortunately, was deleted: there was an excerpt of an article devoted specifically to Celebrating the Battle of Borodino in 1839 when it was in ACCURACY reproduced-with all the maneuvers of troops, battery fire, etc. (a million shots).

          From the official site MUSEUMS OF RUSSIA :
          Member of the Battle of Borodino and celebrations of 1839 V.A. Zhukovsky wrote: “Morning of the Borodino holiday
          it was as clear as the morning of the battle of Borodino. Then autumn freshness was sensitive; now warm
          filled the air, and from the long-term drought there was terrible dust everywhere, which at the slightest breeze
          rose by pillars. The troops ... were brought early in the morning to the places assigned to them; they stood in columns
          the slope of the slopes, surrounding on three sides that elevation on which the Borodinsky monument now stands. One
          a look could be cast fifty thousandth dense army
          columns ..
          from there:
          The Borodino celebrations of 1839 were attended not only by the royal family, the court suite, ministers,
          generals, clergy, but also more than 200 participants in the Battle of Borodino, 150 thousand troops foreign guests.


          Claims (minuses) - to Museums of Russia
          1. Serg koma
            Serg koma 23 March 2020 22: 38 New
            0
            Quote: Olgovich
            Claims (cons) to the Museums of Russia

            Claims to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation laughing August 26 1839 The grand opening of the monument on the Borodino field took place. In the morning for all battalions, divisions and batteries was read
            order signed by the emperor in the camp at Borodin: “Guys! Before you is a monument testifying to the glorious feat of your comrades!
            Here, on this very spot, 27 years before the sim, the arrogant enemy dreamed of defeating the Russian army behind Vera, Tsar and the Fatherland! God punished the reckless: from Moscow to the Neman the bones of impudent aliens were swept away - and we entered Paris ... "(Mosk. Vedomosti. 1839. No. 71.)
            After reading the order, the troops began to take their places around the monument in accordance with the highest command. Numerous spectators could see the ceremony. Throughout August, newspapers reported on residents of St. Petersburg, Moscow, and other cities who had left for Borodino.
            The audience was told "not to enter the location of the troops and not to approach the monument", but to "be out of the line of location
            troops: in Borodino, Gorki and other high places ", exception
            was made for retired generals, headquarters and chief officers who participated in the Battle of Borodino, who were to “stand at the monument inside
            lattice ”(, The highest command to find faces at the opening of the monument
            in memory of the Battle of Borodino // GARF. F. 678. Op. 1 D. 344 (1). L. 74–74 rev.) There were more than 300 of them, “hastened by the minute of this
            events from different countries of Russia, despising summers and wounds ”(Skobelev I.N. A letter from Borodin from armless to legless disabled person. M., 1839. P. 6.)“ Grouped
            around the monument, as one of its best decorations, they seemed to be at the same
            time was his support ”(6 Note by Prince Golitsyn“ Borodino and Moscow in 1839 ”// Rus. Antiquity. 1891. T. 69. No. 1. St. Petersburg., 1891. P. 107.)
            At 8 a.m. the emperor arrived at the troops. Having met the procession
            he ordered the guard. “Music played and drumming continued throughout the procession until the clergy ascended to the heights
            to the monument ... His Grace Moscow Metropolitan Filaret
            a litigation with a knee was performed ... eternal was proclaimed
            memory of Emperor Alexander I and all warriors, belly on the battlefield
            put it; and finally, many years to the brave Russian army. At that moment, all the troops saluted, and the artillery produced 792
            shots. At the end of the service, the spiritual procession returned
            the previous order in the church; troops lined up for ceremonial
            to the march. His Majesty deigned to ride in the head of all the troops, and saluting
            to the monument, stopped beside it ”(Mosk. Vedomosti. 1839. No. 72; St. Petersburg. Vedomosti. 1839. No. 201 ..) The parade began, in which it took
            the participation of 119 908 warriors.


            August 29 1839 a great maneuver was made "by the same number of troops
            and in the same places that were occupied by our troops during
            Borodino battle ... 2nd and 6th infantry corps took up positions
            from the village of Gorki, through Semenovskoye, to the old Smolensk road. General reserve made up of the Reserve Division of the 2nd Infantry Corps, the Guards and Grenadier Reserve Brigades and the 3rd Reserve Cavalry
            corps with a composite cuirassier regiment, was placed behind the right flank of the general arrangement, near the village of Gorok cavalry to the right, and the infantry
            to the left of the big Mozhaisk road, and finally the 2nd and 3rd Consolidated cavalry regiments with three batteries of horse artillery were placed
            v. Maslovka ”(Mosk. Vedomosti. 1839. No. 72; St. Petersburg. Vedomosti. 1839. No. 202.)
            The maneuver took place from seven in the morning until four in the afternoon.
            The following “main minutes” were included in the reconstruction
            Borodino battle: "I. Viceroy’s attack on Borodino and the bridge, and the first attempt on the mountain of the monument ”; "II. Ponyatovsky’s attack in the forest, attack
            I’m against the left flank ”; "III. The attack of Ney and the continuation of the attack of Davout ”;
            "IV. The first cavalry attacks on the center "; "V. Continuation of Ney's attacks
            and I will "; "VI. The second attack of the Viceroy on the mountain of the monument "; "VII. The offensive of General Uvarov’s corps. ” Each stage of the reconstruction was divided into episodes and had to be accompanied by certain actions
            military units "(Proposal and disposition for the great Borodino maneuver on the 29th
            August 1839 // GARF. F. 678. Op. 1 D. 344 (1). L. 4–7. )
            Let us leave further (exaggerated by the Museum of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation and V. A. Zhukovsky) celebrations alone. Back to the fakes.
            The celebrations began on August 15, 1839. August 15 from Tsarskoye Selo to the troops gathered at Borodin, left the emperor and the heir to the prince. There, "in vast space
            about 120 Russian soldiers were concentrated, consisting of 000 battalions and 128 squadrons with 167 artillery batteries of 33 cannons ”(Modern History: Chronicle of events for August 264 // Son of the Fatherland. T. 1839. 10. Dep. V. S. 1839.)
            The funeral of Peter Ivanovich Bagration on the Borodino field took place 24 July 1839 year, and I did not find references to the 100 thousandth army present at the funeral.
    2. vladcub
      vladcub 23 March 2020 16: 20 New
      0
      "including Emperor Nicholas I" I do not remember such an emperor in the history of Russia. Perhaps you wanted to say: Nikolai and his entourage?
  • ABM
    ABM 22 March 2020 06: 26 New
    +4
    How many thousands of wounded were after the Borodino battle and how many of them survived, returned to duty? No such statistics?
    1. Doctor
      Doctor 22 March 2020 11: 29 New
      +3
      How many thousands of wounded were after the Borodino battle and how many of them survived, returned to duty? No such statistics?

      Here the overall picture is not bad.
      https://wladim82.livejournal.com/1175.html

      Some of the wounded survived on the field for a month, they were found by the French during the return retreat:

      “On this abandoned soil,” continues de Segur, “there were about thirty thousand half-gnawed corpses. Above all this towered several skeletons stuck on one of the collapsed hills. It seemed that death itself had established its kingdom here: the Emperor rode quickly. None of us stopped: cold, hunger and the enemy drove us forward. "

      In the retreating army, rumors were spread with horror that not all those lying in this field were dead. The soldiers of one of the units, moving past this ominous place, suddenly heard groans. The wounded Russian soldier was still alive. During the battle, both of his legs were torn off, he found himself in a ravine among the dead, and was forgotten there. From the cold, he hid in the corpse of a horse, the entrails of which were torn out by an exploding grenade. He quenched his thirst and washed his wounds with muddy water that had accumulated in puddles at the bottom of the ravine. "
    2. Serg koma
      Serg koma 23 March 2020 01: 44 New
      0
      Quote: ABM
      How many thousands of wounded were after the battle of Borodino

      The exact number of those participating in the battle is not known, the exact number of losses is not known, and this is on both sides. According to, as you understand, unverified data
      according to the testimony of the captain of the 30th line regiment, S. Francois, in the Kolotsky monastery, where the main military hospital of the French army was located, 10/3 of the wounded died in the 4 days following the battle
  • Aleksandr72
    Aleksandr72 22 March 2020 06: 34 New
    +4
    It is worth moving to the 1944st Belorussian Front in February 1, where Army General Nikolai Fedorovich Vatutin received a gunshot wound to his right thigh with bone damage. In principle, this was not a mortal wound for the middle of the 15th century; the victim could have been returned to duty in the event of a favorable set of circumstances. In addition, the arsenal of military doctors of the Red Army already had antiseptics, methods of blood transfusion, coupled with local and general anesthesia. But, despite the fact that Stalin himself monitored the treatment, and the chief surgeon Nikolay Burdenko carried out the medical management, Vatutin died on April 10, XNUMX days after amputation.

    As far as I know about the death of Nikolai Fedorovich, there are two versions: according to one of them he did not have time to amputate the leg, according to the second - amputation did not help, because late with the operation. But in both cases, it all boils down to the fact that Vatutin himself refused amputation before it was too late. In fact, a direct analogy with Prince Bagration. But gas gangrene is such a thing that in the XNUMXth century, that in the XNUMXth century only timely amputation of the affected limb could save the patient.
  • Mikhail Drabkin
    Mikhail Drabkin 22 March 2020 07: 43 New
    +3
    Thanks to Evgeny Fedorov for the vast scope of the heroic theme, the Russian language without foreign language, the bulge of facts.
    Author +++!
  • svp67
    svp67 22 March 2020 08: 57 New
    +8
    His soldiers called "God rati He" ...
    And the Soviet Order of Glory was originally Bagration
    1. Looking for
      Looking for 22 March 2020 16: 45 New
      -4
      Enough to fantasize-tired.
      1. svp67
        svp67 22 March 2020 16: 50 New
        +3
        Quote: Seeker
        Enough to fantasize-tired.

        So what’s the matter, if you’re tired then DO NOT DREAM
    2. cost
      cost 22 March 2020 18: 36 New
      +3
      svp67 (Sergey) : And the Soviet Order of Glory was originally Bagration

      Good comment. In the best traditions of VO. You always learn something new. For which I like the "History" section. At first I began to doubt. I read the history of the creation of the Order of Glory. You were absolutely right. I did not know such details before your comment.
      Thank. Yours faithfully
      Dmitriy