Military Review

American bill Caesar. Assad must leave?

37

In the near future, US President Donald Trump is expected to sign a package of laws under the general name National Defense Authorization Act, which defines the country's military policy for next year. Part of this package is the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act (Caesar Civil Protection Act). He proposes new measures on Syria aimed at combating its legitimate authorities and opposing its allied countries.


Long way to law


The Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019 (HR 31) bill, in its current form, was introduced to Congress on January 3 this year. The document was authored by almost 60 congressmen from both parties. Quickly enough, the bill passed the necessary checks, after which it was sent to the House of Representatives for voting.

On January 22, the House cast a majority of votes in favor of the draft. After that, the document was submitted to the Senate for further approval. However, at this stage, the adoption of the law slowed down. The necessary formal procedures took several months, and only in June the bill was put in the queue for voting.

The situation has not changed so far. The bill has not yet been considered by the Senate, has not received approval and remains motionless. Consideration and voting should take place this week, but its results are not yet clear. If the Senate votes for Caesar, then in the near future he will enter the National Defense Authorization Act and go to the president for signature.

Special measures


Official Washington’s opinion on the Syrian issue has long been well known. The US believes that the administration of President Bashar al-Assad should leave and give way to another government that meets American wishes and requirements. For this, the United States is ready to take various measures, including impose sanctions. Another leverage should be Caesar's law. He offers economic and political methods of pressure on Syria itself and its allies.

Section 101 of the bill provides for measures against the Central Bank of Syria. Within six months after the signing of the law, the US Treasury will have to check the Syrian Central Bank for involvement in money laundering. If such schemes are identified, sanctions must be imposed on this organization.

At the same time, it is necessary to identify foreign citizens and foreign organizations in respect of which it is also proposed to impose sanctions. It is proposed to punish for material, financial or technical support to the government and the loyalist organizations of Syria. Persons related to the Syrian operations of Russia, Iran or other foreign countries will also be punished.

The reason for the sanctions is the sale or provision of various goods, services, data, etc., which can support the Syrian mining and processing industry. The same goes for sales and transfers. aviation equipment and components for it, construction and engineering services, etc.

The bill provides for the usual set of sanctions to punish violators. It is proposed to freeze any actions with the property of the offender controlled by the United States. It also refers to the cancellation of visas and the refusal to issue new ones. It is possible to impose fines in accordance with existing legislation.


Art. 102 obliges the President of the United States within 180 days to determine the zones of Syria in which the civilian population is subjected to forced displacement, as well as to identify areas controlled by Damascus, Iran and Russia. Then it is necessary to develop a strategy for further actions aimed at protecting civilians.

The second and third chapters of “Caesar” describe measures aimed at weakening the “B. Assad regime” and supporting the civilian population. It is proposed to supplement existing laws and create new action strategies.

Art. 401 of Chapter 4 describes the conditions for suspending sanctions. Under these conditions, the US president has the right to suspend sanctions for a period of not more than 180 days. The conditions are quite simple. They directly affect the military activities of the Syrian government and relate to the Russian operation.

The bill requires Syria and Russia to stop using airspace to strike civilians. It is required to ensure the access of humanitarian missions to areas "besieged by the Syrian government", to release political prisoners and to ensure the investigation of offenses in this area. Syria, Russia and other countries should no longer carry out deliberate attacks on medical facilities, educational institutions, gathering places, etc.

Further articles of the bill stipulate the specifics of its implementation, appoint responsible, etc.

Pressure tool


The goals and objectives of the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act of 2019 (HR 31) are clear and obvious. Moreover, its authors do not even hide them. Washington has long wanted to remove B. Assad and is constantly taking various measures, although the final goal has not yet been achieved. The Caesar bill largely repeats the measures already taken, but also offers new ways to solve political problems.

Washington, in the person of both parties of the Congress, is again trying to use the theme of “the tyrant Assad, destroying his own people” and is building a new bill on its basis. Once again, sanctions are proposed against representatives of the Syrian authorities at different levels. However, for them it will not be a surprise. For a long time, the United States has been systematically using all available methods to put pressure on B. Assad and his colleagues.

Much more interesting in the bill are measures against third countries. The Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act punishes cooperation with the Assad regime in a number of areas. It is noteworthy that these measures are introduced not only for participation in military operations, but also in other contexts. So, foreign countries and organizations are threatened with sanctions to participate in infrastructure construction in Syria.

This measure is of particular interest. It is alleged that such a ban would deprive the Assad regime of funds, including from foreign investors, and will not allow him to cash in on construction. In addition, the restoration of social facilities and peaceful life in the liberated areas adds B. Assad respect among the civilian population, which is also an important factor in the political struggle.

It is curious that the authors of Caesar proposed depriving B. Assad of finances and influence on the people, but they did not specify who, how, and at what expense should restore the Syrian infrastructure. In light of this, the “law on the protection of the population” is more like a hypocritical attempt to solve its political problems, hiding behind noble slogans, and to the detriment of the real reconstruction of the country.



Work of sappers of the International Mine Action Center of the Ministry of Defense of Russia in Aleppo (Syria) /Mil.ru

It is also necessary to pay attention to the proposal for the imposition of sanctions against third countries. Who exactly will fall under the Caesar Syria Civilian Protection Act is not yet determined, but it is clear which countries it is aimed at. Iran and Russia are actively helping Damascus, and so Washington is trying to threaten them with its new bill.

Specific individuals and organizations covered by Caesar will be determined later - within 180 days after its signing by the US President. Knowing the peculiarities of Syria’s cooperation with foreign countries, one can imagine which organizations run the risk of being sanctioned. However, Washington, under any pretext corresponding to the agenda, can include anyone on the sanctions list.



Not signed yet


The “Syria Civilian Protection Act” passed the House of Representatives back in January, but then faced notable difficulties. It has not yet been considered by the Senate, although this event is expected from day to day. Only after the approval of the upper house will the bill be signed by President D. Trump.

It is necessary to recall that the bill passed through the House of Representatives without any problems. Despite the fundamental differences, both parties generally advocated a new law. The same should be expected from the Senate. In this case, there is every reason to believe that Caesar will successfully go to the White House and be certified by the presidential signature.

As a result, a new binding document will appear in the National Defense Authorization Act 2020. Due to him, the United States will receive a new instrument of pressure on third countries to achieve its goals in Syria. Will it be effective and will it solve the tasks - time will tell. However, it is now clear that it will not help a quick and simple resolution of the Syrian problem.

Bill text: https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/31/text.
Author:
Photos used:
US Army, Wikimedia Commons
37 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. gel
    gel 18 December 2019 05: 58
    +4
    Impudent sky policy. The Russian Federation should declare the USA out of an independent country you are aggressors .. You did not call.
    1. Cat Kuzya
      Cat Kuzya 18 December 2019 17: 58
      +4
      You can yell, you can roll on the floor, you can bang your head against a wall, etc. but this is out of despair - the United States, to give credit, has built the entire modern world system "for itself" - by tying the dollar, the entire world banking system and making money the main with their weapons, and now, they can calmly dictate their terms to those they see fit, and the rest (even China) will stand on the sidelines and nervously gnaw their nails.
      1. cost
        cost 19 December 2019 00: 08
        0
        Within six months after the signing of the law, the US Treasury will have to check the Syrian Central Bank for involvement in money laundering. If such schemes are identified, sanctions must be imposed on this organization.

        It would be nice to check the US Treasury for participation in money laundering. If such schemes are identified, sanctions must be imposed on this organization.
  2. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 18 December 2019 06: 02
    +4
    Very much! Syria Civilian Protection Act Caesar To name the law as some kind of operation, whether espionage, or army. Do not want to call the US presidency laws "Grand Durex" for example?
    1. bessmertniy
      bessmertniy 18 December 2019 07: 48
      +1
      Whatever it is called, but the goal of this paper is the same - not to let the internal conflict in Syria fade away. But, if it is well primed, then Trump can use it for another purpose - to wipe this Act after his physiological act.
      1. Vladimir_2U
        Vladimir_2U 18 December 2019 08: 09
        +1
        Then publish on sandpaper! I insist!
        1. asv363
          asv363 18 December 2019 08: 52
          +1
          Today, by the way, in the US House of Representatives they will vote for / against the impeachment of Trump. If the right amount is voted, the question will go higher - to the Senate. Here in the Senate you need to collect at least 2/3 of the votes of senators, which the Democrats do not shine.
    2. knn54
      knn54 18 December 2019 10: 22
      +1
      Blackmail continues.
  3. cradle
    cradle 18 December 2019 06: 38
    +8
    name the Brutus reciprocal bill. laughing
  4. parusnik
    parusnik 18 December 2019 07: 11
    +1
    We will follow the events ... In Syria at the moment, a real Gordian knot has been tied ..
  5. rocket757
    rocket757 18 December 2019 07: 35
    +2
    The second and third chapters of “Caesar” describe measures aimed at weakening the “B. Assad regime” and supporting the civilian population.

    Oh ba, it turns out that the last time the Yankees supported the CIVIL POPULATION ??? So why then this "civilian population" had to be watered "all over the world" ... everywhere ???
    1. cniza
      cniza 18 December 2019 09: 17
      +3
      This "civilian" population is their main tool around the world ...
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 18 December 2019 09: 41
        +1
        Quote: cniza
        This "civilian" population is their main tool around the world ...

        So the experience of the cousins, the British sirs, is being used to the fullest! those who have something to "learn" ... progressives, "innovators" are still those!
        You can always remember that this ... son of a dog, this is just them ... son of a dog!
        Everything is old as ... in short, old!
  6. Mytholog
    Mytholog 18 December 2019 08: 00
    0
    Gopnik country. It will become impudent until it is caught in the otvetka. And the answer will not be very soon, alas.
  7. oracul
    oracul 18 December 2019 08: 02
    +3
    This is amazing when you witness how the ruling elite of one state blows away from conceit. Well, well, the blind man said: let’s see what a global looking, losing edge is capable of. By the way, the US elite confirms with their actions that their education system is flawed because it does not understand obvious things. And those achievements that Americans love to refer to are mainly created by purchased talents from around the world. But everything will pass, this will pass.
  8. steelmaker
    steelmaker 18 December 2019 09: 13
    +7
    33% of the world economy is in the USA. Russia has less than 1%. For 30 years since the collapse of the USSR, it was possible to raise your economy, and not just build all sorts of centers. Therefore, Russia cannot give "its answer to Chamberlain!"
    1. Mountain shooter
      Mountain shooter 18 December 2019 23: 53
      +1
      Quote: steel maker
      33% of the global economy is in the United States. Russia has less than 1%.

      Uh ... not really peppered? USA -15%, Russia-3% is somehow not so scary, right?
  9. cniza
    cniza 18 December 2019 09: 15
    +3
    The US Treasury will have to check the Syrian Central Bank for participation in money laundering.


    Of course they will find who doubts ...
  10. Gardamir
    Gardamir 18 December 2019 09: 38
    +3
    All of our triple victories are not a reason. Why are people ruling the country afraid to make it great again in practice, and not in the words of Solovyov and Kiselyov? Are you afraid that partners will be offended? So they are afraid in vain if they drag this law, new sanctions are guaranteed for playing the cello in Palmyra.
    1. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 18 December 2019 15: 00
      +2
      Why are people ruling the country afraid to make it great again in practice, and not in the words of Solovyov and Kiselyov?

      The population of the USSR is 290 million, the United States - 330, Russia -140, not to mention the economy, everything is simple for you - just once, twice, and again great, but this does not happen.
      1. Gardamir
        Gardamir 18 December 2019 16: 15
        +1
        Well, why one or two. Gorbachev was preparing a Soviet house for demolition. Yeltsin demolished and laid the foundation. Putin built a new capitalist Russia. Maybe it's time to arrange a blessing?
  11. Basarev
    Basarev 18 December 2019 10: 14
    -3
    Well, what's wrong with that? Trump, as a true patriot of his country, fulfills the national interests of the United States. We would not proceed with fury against him, but take an example from him in adamanty and relentlessness. Trump said - Assad must leave - and Assad will leave. He rests only on our bayonets. And we do not need this Afghanistan at all. It would be better for us to make peace with the United States and together: first trample all the dictators of the Middle East, and then seriously tackle China. China must be poor and backward.
    1. Nastia makarova
      Nastia makarova 18 December 2019 13: 27
      -1
      better than china than usa
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 18 December 2019 17: 40
        +6
        Quote: Nastia Makarova
        better than china than usa

        No way)). The Chinese are destroyers.
        1. Nastia makarova
          Nastia makarova 19 December 2019 07: 44
          0
          whom did they destroy?
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 19 December 2019 08: 36
            +5
            Not whom, but what - the ecology of those places where they buy or build or grow. After them, or nothing grows, or pollution
            1. Nastia makarova
              Nastia makarova 19 December 2019 08: 53
              0
              this is true both in our own lands and in our Far East, although our farmers also sometimes go too far with chemicals and the land then takes a long time to recover
    2. SNEAKY
      SNEAKY 18 December 2019 13: 33
      -1
      good Powerfully enough! Only you have not fully disclosed your wishes. You then understand, and where do you propose to kiss the United States? There almost 404 languages ​​are occupied there.
    3. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 18 December 2019 14: 40
      0
      You don’t understand something.
      To make peace with the USA is to give control of our resources and industry to them - here we ourselves will quickly become poor and backward, why should the Americans share our resources with us, they have their own population.
      first trample all the dictators of the Middle East, and then seriously tackle China. China must be poor and backward.

      These dictators surrendered to you, if you stomp them together with the United States, then the United States as a stronger side will benefit from this by wiping the rest from the feeding trough, but do we need it? And indeed somewhere to climb to fight nafig did not come up.
      And why do you need a poor and backward China, why does a prosperous China not suit you? Yes, and fight for it?
  12. Ros 56
    Ros 56 18 December 2019 11: 57
    +1
    American bill Caesar. Assad must leave?

    And in my opinion, America should drown in two oceans at once, and life on Earth will improve.
    1. maden.usmanow
      maden.usmanow 18 December 2019 18: 00
      0
      Rome drowned, Europe reclined in religious ignorance.
      It was revived only by the 17th century.
      It does not apply to the States, but the modern world is built by the Americans. There will be no USA, the consequences will be such that the collapse of the Union will seem like a fairy tale.
      1. Ros 56
        Ros 56 19 December 2019 19: 19
        0
        You will tell the obvious incredible in the program. How did we live without striped, crazy? And believe me, we will live now without them, even if they all fly away in bulk to interstellar dust.
        1. maden.usmanow
          maden.usmanow 19 December 2019 21: 37
          -1
          Well, now you, through which device did you write?
          Say it in China collected?

          And who introduced, developed the chip and microcircuits of your electronic device?
          There are 90% of US patents. They can be collected in China, in other places, but were created precisely by the Americans.
          You can minus me, but the first microchips and their further implementation are the merit of the Americans.
          Nothing is taken from the air, what is now, the modern world, is designed by the Americans.
          1. Ros 56
            Ros 56 20 December 2019 12: 50
            0
            Children are made without chips; crop production and livestock farming existed without chips. Chips are a secondary thing, but I note very important in our modern life. But by and large, with what sign this thing + or - is very difficult to say, it is still unknown what role it will play in the fate of mankind. After all, all the latest means of destruction are based on the use of chips.
        2. maden.usmanow
          maden.usmanow 19 December 2019 21: 56
          0
          Well, now you, through which device did you write?
          Say it in China collected?

          And who introduced, developed the chip and microcircuits of your electronic device?
          There are 90% of US patents. They can be collected in China, in other places, but were created precisely by the Americans.
          You can minus me, but the first microchips and their further implementation are the merit of the Americans.
          Nothing is taken from the air, what is now, the modern world, is designed by the Americans.
          Even now, American inventions have firmly entered your life.
          You create a nickname, and I read it, you upload a photo to the profile, and I see it. Do you know whether American technology. Download files, display them. Who did all this for you?
          Martians?
          Moving on.

          You open a browser, with the American filling, the American program code. Go to the site thanks to the American IP protocol.
          It’s not the moon that fell to you.
          You can talk about the low value of Americans, not realizing that you are writing about it, you answered me on this site, because once the Americans did those things, gave you the opportunity, like this, to go online, put a nickname, and write comments.
  13. 1536
    1536 18 December 2019 17: 34
    0
    "Caesar" ... Americans stubbornly climb into the heirs of the Roman Empire. But, as you know, there will be no fourth Rome.
  14. NordUral
    NordUral 19 December 2019 20: 30
    0
    Fucked Anglo-Saxons. What democrats, what republicans.