Military Review

Take-off and tragedy of Novorossiysk missile launchers

43
The 20s and 30s of the last century were a tough time. The country was recovering from the civil war and intervention, but the young citizens of the young Soviet Union were already looking to the future. The idols of youth were aviators. Especially loudly pilots declared themselves after the rescue of the legendary Chelyuskinites. Of course, various circles and organizations gradually began to appear, uniting enthusiasts to conquer the sky. However, the skies of Soviet youth were clearly not enough, and even then the guys thought about rocket science. Naturally, on the shores of the Black Sea, young people did not lag behind advanced trends.




Gleb Tereshchenko. Space age prophet


Space dreams of Novorossiysk are inextricably linked with the name of Gleb Tereshchenko and his comrades. Gleb Antonovich was born in Petrograd in 1921, although his father Anton Savvich was a native Novorossiysk, whom the service threw into the dank northern capital. Little Gleb’s health was poor. Doctors recommended that the family return to the south. Anton Savvich achieved a transfer to Novorossiysk and began to settle down. Gleb’s father built a house at the beginning of Deribasovskaya Street (now Chelyuskintsev Street) from local materials, crack stone and cement.

Take-off and tragedy of Novorossiysk missile launchers

Gleb Tereshchenko in Circassian family


Gleb was already desperately addicted aviation. Father, an engineer by training, encouraged these impulses by subscribing to the magazine "Airplane" for his son. In his native secondary school number 3 (the former Novorossiysk male gymnasium), Gleb was an active enthusiast in the aircraft modeling circle, becoming, in fact, the head of this modest organization. Tereshchenko also eagerly absorbed any scientific information on jet technology.


Sign of instructor for young aircraft builders


In the 30's, the enthusiasm of the young New Russians and their parents allowed the founding of a Novorossiysk flying club, located in the area of ​​the modern Cape of Love. And, of course, Gleb took a leading position in the flying club and soon in his 16 years he was approved for the position of instructor for young aircraft manufacturers, about which he had a corresponding sign from OSOAVIAHIM. Heading the flying club, Tereshchenko became one of the first Novorossiisk pilots, mastered parachuting and even joined the diving profession. He himself created the drawings of future aircraft models and developed projects for quite real aircraft, he designed parts for his brainchild and assembled models of aircraft.

First steps to the future


In the 1937 year, Gleb Tereshchenko begins the development of a jet model with a jet engine. The advanced idea was instantly picked up by other comrades in the flying club. The work was in full swing. Therefore, in the 1938 year, the director of the Palace of Pioneers, Olga Shandarova, invited Gleb and his team to head the experimental rocket aircraft modeling laboratory. In fact, it was a kind of design bureau organized by Tereshchenko, in which each led his own circle of work.

Vladimir Nogaitsev developed beam aircraft models and engines. Maria Rassadnikova led materials for lightweight models. Frida Gromova was engaged exclusively in jet engines. Pavel Fileshi was a full-time “chemist”, experimenting with various mixtures for solid fuel engines. Konstantin Mikhailov, already a student at the Moscow Aviation Institute, where he was accepted, taking into account the Novorossiysk experience, without exams, passed to fellow countrymen and colleagues all the most advanced materials on rocket science and aviation.


Gleb Tereshchenko


The "chief designer" of the laboratory was Gleb. Contemporaries familiar with the work of Novorossiisk enthusiasts stated that Tereshchenko thought at the level of the best design bureaus of the Second World War. In the 1939 year, laboratory research reached such a level that the Palace of Pioneers had to allocate additional premises to the Gleb team. The activities of the laboratory were no longer similar to youthful enthusiasm. Here is how one of the participants of the Tereshenko team, Pavel Fileshi, recalls those days:
“Near the dance floor (city park. - Approx. Aut.), On its southern side, a funnel was dug in 1940 in order to demonstrate its possible size from the explosion of a hundred-kilogram aviation bomb. "We used this funnel quite often to test the thrust of rockets ... it was necessary to test our next decision ... A lit rocket threw itself at the bottom of the funnel, in which it accelerated along the slopes and flew out."



Frida Gromova


Finally, Tereshchenko suggested embarking on the implementation of ideas, as they say, in metal. For these purposes, his team literally occupied Father Gleb’s barn. The guys spent days and nights there, erecting an experimental two-seater flea-type aircraft. Alas, it was not possible to find funds to create an engine before the war. As a result, the assembled car stood in the barn until the 1943 year, until the BM-13 missile hit the structure, i.e. Katyusha. Fate has an evil irony.

However, the construction of the "Flea" laboratory activities were by no means exhausted. After all, the guys were literally eager for "tomorrow." Just the plane did not suit them. They dreamed of a rocket plane, a future jet aircraft and a full-fledged rocket. Gleb and his team, having exhausted the possibilities of solid-fuel samples experimentally, seriously began the development of liquid-fuel engines.

The following memories were left by Tereshchenko himself in one of the press materials of those years:
“Let's build rocket planes!” My comrades and I were very interested in the rocket engine. A rocket engine aircraft can reach tremendous altitude and speed. We worked a lot on the rocket plane model. Our first models whistled into the air, but at 20 meters from the start, my model fell and crashed. This did not bother us. Worked again. Now we have already become designers of rocket aircraft models. ”



Palace of Pioneers of Novorossiysk


Decades later, one of Gleb’s comrades, Georgy Maystrenko, a veteran of the Great Patriotic War and a Hero of Socialist Labor, recalled:
“I studied with Gleb in an aircraft modeling circle. I remember how he made a rocket model, which is almost completely similar to modern two-keel Su-type fighter jets. That was his foresight. ”


All-Union Success


Having no access to foreign experience, by the 1940 year, the Novorossiysk team was able to independently develop and implement in metal one of the first flying jet aircraft models. It was an absolute innovation. In August of the 1940, the Novorossiysk went to the 14-th All-Union competition of flying aircraft models in Konstantinovka, where they made a splash, setting a number of records.

The rocket model of Vladimir Nogaitsev lasted in the air for 1 minutes 32 seconds. And the rocket fuselage model of Gleb Tereshchenko was able not only to exceed the speed of 40 m / s, but also to fly completely out of sight. By the way, in the end, after many hours of searching, she was never found.


One of the original reactive models of Tereshchenko


In those competitions, the Novorossiysk got the nickname "rocketeers." Their tent has become a kind of base for all enthusiasts of jet technology. They flocked to get background information, to exchange experiences and just out of curiosity. Colonel, a scientist in the design of aerospace systems, doctor of technical sciences, professor, and in the 30's, Oleg Aleksandrovich Chembrovsky, a member of the Moscow aircraft modeling club, recalled that in Moscow the name Tereshchenko began to sound loud after those competitions.

As a result, the organizing committee recommended that the Novorossiysk Laboratory prepare for publication a collection of articles on author's solutions to constructive issues in jet aircraft construction, but the collection, planned for the 1941 year, did not take place for well-known reasons. At the beginning of the fateful 1941, in one of the articles, Tereshchenko confidently wrote:
“Rockets are the engines of the future, and rocket flight is the problem of flying into world space.”


The dawn of the space age seemed on the verge. Having returned with success, the Novorossiysk laboratory began to create a full-fledged liquid fuel jet engine. The number of drawings and diagrams was expanding, experimental launches became commonplace, but the war broke everything.

The tragedy of the Novorossiysk missile


The Great Patriotic War will be a bloody ax on the fate of the Novorossiysk missile. Almost all of them will die in the crucible of that war. Konstantin Mikhailov, already enrolled in the Moscow Aviation Institute, will volunteer for the militia. He will die in the defense of the capital.

Frida Gromova, who designed the first jet engine models, will leave the city after the evacuated flying club. During the crossing in the region of Ust-Labinsk, she will fall under the Nazi bombing. A very young girl will die under the bombs.

In the 1941 year, Tereshchenko himself will volunteer for the front. Until the 1943 year, Gleb will fight in the vast Kuban. His life will end in February 43 when liberating the Krasnodar Territory. During the battles in the area of ​​the farms, the Greeks and the Grechanaya beam Gleb, after an unsuccessful attack by German positions, will be seriously injured and die from blood loss. He will be buried there, in a mass grave.


Notification of the death of Gleb (open data from the site "Memory of the People")


Nowadays, few people know about the daring jet take-off of the team of Novorossiysk missile launchers, before which the doors of the best institutes were opened. However, the war not only mowed down the ranks of the Tereshchenkov team, but almost buried their works and memory of them. After the complete liberation of Novorossiysk, the capital demanded of the surviving Novorossiysk returning home only one thing: the factories and the port must earn at all costs. Nobody wanted to think about any research of young scientists of the pre-war laboratory.

For the first time, enthusiasts of jet technology were remembered only in the 1977 year. In October of that year, the scientific and practical conference “40 Years of the Air Rocket Laboratory of the Novorossiysk Palace of Pioneers” was held in Novorossiysk, in which academicians of the USSR Academy of Sciences and the first rocket scientists took part. As it turned out, metropolitan scientists were familiar with the works of Tereshchenko quite well and regarded his research as serious scientific research. Moreover, venerable Soviet experts concluded that the drawings, photographs, and technical notes of the new Russian pre-war teenagers are still relevant today. Too many bold and original decisions were in the works of Tereshchenko and his team. For example, they noted the original design of a controlled stabilizer on one of the jet aircraft models.


Certificate of honor of Gleb Tereshchenko, posthumously


Later several times история Novorossiysk missile regained its life again. But alas, despite the recommendations to publish the works of children who are still of scientific interest, it did not go further, which, in my opinion, is unfair. After all, the contribution of the New Russians to the dawn of the space age was, although modest, but it was.
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 7 November 2019 05: 26 New
    29
    I read with interest. Thanks to the author. For some reason, it was recalled that the Country of Soviets made it possible to administer to such Gleb, Sergey, Ivan, Mikhail. And, most importantly, all of them were convinced that they were doing the right, good deed for the benefit of the whole people. Perhaps that is why Russia from a patriarchal, agrarian country was able to turn into an industrial power in a decade and a half.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 7 November 2019 05: 43 New
      17
      Wonderful article! The most important post-revolutionary time ----- strengthening of the USSR, the socialist generation, inventions, DOSAAF, faith in a better future.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 7 November 2019 09: 09 New
        10
        Hi Dmitry soldier
        The power of the Soviets, it was generally an unprecedented rise in folk art in our country!
        You need to know YOUR story.
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 7 November 2019 09: 27 New
          14
          Congratulations to all on the occasion! November 7th day! laughing
          It was this day, Victor, that opened up new equal opportunities in education, development, and scientific activity for many in the USSR.
          Industrialization, electrification took place, giant construction projects throughout the country --- factories, power plants, reservoirs, railways, a cultural and educational structure ... Since 1924, wonderful children's magazines regularly appeared, their numbers and names grew. Cities were being built. The cities and the whole country were being built, developed ....... Soviet skip pilots ....... Chkalov’s flight .... Chelyuskintsy ...... The deposits were developed. In Moscow, they built an amazing wonderful magical underground palace for all comers ---- Moscow Metro.
          Everywhere there was a flight of imagination, creativity, new inventions! The main thing was faith in a happy future and love, pride in the country.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 7 November 2019 09: 47 New
            +7
            All is well that ends well!
            While we are alive and REMEMBER, Nothing IS FINISHED!
            Happy Holidays!
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 7 November 2019 13: 38 New
              +5
              Quote: rocket757
              All is well

              I thought --- are you, Victor, interested in children's magazines published after the Revolution? After all, now the ARCHIVES of these magazines are being released! Their ads and crawled pages are on Ozon. There is an Archive "Murzilki" "(5th volume coming soon!)," Hedgehog "" (ie Monthly Magazine), and "Cricket" These are large, thick, beautiful books weighing ~~ 2 kg. I have an Archive "" Murzilki, "" volume 1 book 2. I read it with pleasure! A very kind educational educational magazine. First issue --- 1924. The Civil War has just ended. Brought up SOVIET PEOPLE !!!!!!!!! But I didn’t buy other issues of the Archive: I’m falling into my childhood too much, then it’s hard to come back ... Later I bought the Archive "Hedgehog" (for the pioneers).
              I bought them in order to better imagine and understand the time how, in what conditions people lived then.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 7 November 2019 14: 14 New
                +3
                I have LOTS of magazines, literature, released a long time ago ...
                I’m teaching you my own why!
                The literature is QUALITATIVE, systemic, what is needed for the boys.
                I have never met anything better ... all these sets, designers, modern, such a primitive ....
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 7 November 2019 15: 48 New
                  +4
                  It’s just great, Victor, that you have Soviet ones! Our grandmother kept 1COSTER, 1 Murzilka, 1 PIONEER.
                  Quote: rocket757
                  I have LOTS of magazines, literature, released a long time ago ...
                  I’m teaching you my own why!
                  The literature is QUALITATIVE, systemic, what is needed for the boys.
                  I have never met anything better ... all these sets, designers, modern, such a primitive ....
                  1. rocket757
                    rocket757 7 November 2019 17: 05 New
                    +1
                    We have a family of techies, so the literature, although diverse, but the theme is mainly applied, technical creativity and all that.
                    "Modeler Constructor", "Young Technician", "Do It Yourself", in chemistry, woodworking and even construction !!!
                    1. Lexus
                      Lexus 8 November 2019 00: 56 New
                      +2
                      "Modeler constructor", "Young technician", "Do it yourself"

                      Victor hi
                      + "Technology of Youth", "Science and Life". Even "Foreign military review" Dad on his word of honor brought from the unit to read. And when the library was closed in the 90s, he brought them in for good. Regarding the "Modeler-Constructor" - almost the entire subscription from the beginning to 1996 lies in a place of honor, yellowed, but periodically gets and is read.
                      We have a family of techies

                      Dad is a retired military doctor, mom is a teacher of Russian language and literature (she has already died). I don’t know who I turned into a techie.
                      1. rocket757
                        rocket757 8 November 2019 07: 10 New
                        +4
                        Greetings Alexey soldier
                        Quote: lexus
                        I don’t know who I turned into a techie.

                        PARENTS gave us everything that IS NEEDED, everything that COULD ... let's not forget that our NATIVE state gave us the opportunity to receive any knowledge !!!
                        What a person chooses is .... it happens differently!
                        Parents made an effort and I, TECHNARI, also have a musical education .... and this, given that I had to live mainly in the garrisons, over the hill too!
                        By the way, it is not useless, as it turned out ... an ear for music, a trained sense of harmony and rhythm VERY HELPS in communication / repair of various equipment !!! It is very useful to determine by sound what and where your car "hurts", and in the field of electronics, digital technology it turned out to be not superfluous.
                        PS ... the journal "Science and Life" is a STANDARD in the format of scientific and educational literature !!! And what CROSSWORDS were printed in it, class !!!
        2. Sergej1972
          Sergej1972 7 November 2019 13: 00 New
          -2
          Only the Soviets did not have power, unfortunately. At best, they were decorative consultative bodies.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 7 November 2019 13: 36 New
            +1
            Quote: Sergej1972
            Only the Soviets did not have power, unfortunately.

            The people of labor (labor collectives) had real power ... at the very beginning, before the constitutional change in 1936.From that moment, everything began to creep slowly, gradually, until the moment when the responsible, leading persons of the party leadership and control changed. .. and then "Ostap or Nikita suffered" !!! to what all \ the majority have brought us all, they felt it on their own skin.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 7 November 2019 15: 54 New
              +3
              Quote: rocket757
              ...... There was real power in the people of labor (labor collectives) ... at the very beginning, before the constitution was changed in 1936. From that moment, everything crawled slowly, gradually, until ....

              Yes, Victor. I read that at that time deputies were chosen by labor collectives, not territorial districts. In case of poor work they could have been recalled. And the deputy’s salary was somehow tied to his previous salary.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 7 November 2019 17: 45 New
                +2
                Only labor collectives, a close-knit organization is able to nominate and control the chosen one. As it was spread across the territories, everything, nothing good comes of it.
        3. Proxima
          Proxima 7 November 2019 13: 02 New
          +5
          Quote: rocket757
          The power of the Soviets, it was generally an unprecedented rise in folk art in our country!

          Korolev, Glushko, Zander - this is the visible part of the iceberg, the top, and the base of this pyramid was hundreds of enthusiasts, like the heroes of this article. And how many such heroes do we not know ?! Take, for example, Yuri Kondratyuk, the trajectory of a flight to the Moon all over the world is called "Kondratyuk's trajectory". It was this flight algorithm that NASA used in its Apollo program. Armstrong, who specially came to Novosibirsk to take soil near the house where this genius worked, said the following: "This is as valuable to me as the lunar soil!"
          Quote: rocket757
          You need to know YOUR story.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 7 November 2019 13: 48 New
            +2
            Quote: Proxima
            And how many of these heroes do we not know ?!

            Yes, we do not know, but this does not reduce their contribution to our common cause.
            Now to preserve, to convey to the younger generation, even if it is fundamental, so that they have something to begin their life path with. And then ... then it will be different, we'll see.
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 7 November 2019 10: 26 New
      +1
      Well, Gleb had plenty of opportunities.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 7 November 2019 13: 51 New
        +2
        Hi Konstantin soldier
        Everyone chooses his own path ... at the behest of the soul, of recognizing his place in the fate of his country.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 7 November 2019 14: 32 New
          +2
          Hello Victor soldier
          Yes, that's right, but it's only a pity for these guys who were prevented by the war from showing their full potential.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 7 November 2019 14: 37 New
            +3
            I don’t think that such PEOPLE would begin to regret their fate!
            We will respect their choice.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 7 November 2019 14: 53 New
              +2
              I’m not talking about this, but about the fact that having survived they brought much more benefit to their country. And about this it would be necessary to think about those who sent them to the bullets. Hammering nails with a microscope is not one of the smartest.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 7 November 2019 14: 59 New
                +6
                Quote: Sea Cat
                ponder those who sent them under the bullets.

                In principle, it is clear that they could bring more benefits by working in the rear, for example!
                Only who could keep the volunteers rushing to the front, especially during the most difficult period of the Second World War!
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 7 November 2019 15: 05 New
                  +4
                  The corresponding order from Moscow on saving valuable specialists could have been kept, but, as far as I know, there was no such order, and there was no time for that either. And what to take from the mobilization points, which did not care who to plug the "holes" at the front. This is a tragedy for both the country and the individual. And voluntariness is a sacred thing, but not always true.
                  1. rocket757
                    rocket757 7 November 2019 17: 48 New
                    +2
                    Quote: Sea Cat
                    Could hold the corresponding order of Moscow

                    There was a lack of order, control and much more!
                    It was hard for us to start a war, it was hard for it to start .... more or less settled later.
                2. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 7 November 2019 16: 13 New
                  +4
                  Victor, have you read the stories of Sofia Milyutinskaya here on the site? Previously, it was often printed here. Stunning stories, just to tears ... Their heroes --- children who fought with the Nazis? Not adults, not volunteers, but children born in the 20s and 30s.
                  Children of the USSR, brought up according to socialist rules, reading those socialist magazines
                  Quote: rocket757
                  Quote: Sea Cat
                  ponder those who sent them under the bullets.

                  In principle, it is clear that they could bring more benefits by working in the rear, for example!
                  Only who could keep the volunteers rushing to the front, especially during the most difficult period of the Second World War!

                  Now I read various Soviet books about the Second World War. There are also examples of heroism, perseverance, love for the motherland, self-sacrifice in children .... sometimes I bring them here.
                  1. rocket757
                    rocket757 7 November 2019 17: 52 New
                    +2
                    I read a lot and for a long time, not only technical literature.
                    It’s not possible to embrace everything, I have enough base and variety, I need to teach boys how to do it right.
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 7 November 2019 18: 10 New
                      +2
                      Quote: rocket757
                      I read a lot and for a long time, not only technical literature. ....
                      It is understandable! Given the previous that was earlier in life. It's just that, as I came to VO, new topics appeared. I always read a lot. But I did not think that I would read Soviet military memoirs and some other.
                      1. rocket757
                        rocket757 8 November 2019 07: 17 New
                        +2
                        Quote: Reptiloid
                        how came to VO there were new topics.

                        This is normal!
                        Not even for the argument, if necessary, to argue reasonably! Just for yourself, you have to.
                        I handed over a lot of books, Soviet, to the village library. I try to send the boys I teach there .... I myself can’t tell them everything, everything, tell me, my goal is different ... give them the right direction of development, I teach them skills and methods, and they should look for information, really deep knowledge yourself! So it is more true, more reliable.
                      2. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 8 November 2019 19: 00 New
                        +1
                        Good evening, Victor!
                        Quote: rocket757
                        Quote: Reptiloid
                        how came to VO there were new topics.

                        This is normal!
                        Not even for the argument, if necessary, to argue reasonably! Just for yourself, you need .......
                        It's not a matter of controversy, but it just became interesting what I had not thought about before.
                        And yet, Victor, write to the search engine ---- Sophia Milyutinskaya on the Military Review. Choose --- what will interest you, at least one story ...
                      3. rocket757
                        rocket757 8 November 2019 19: 09 New
                        +1
                        Lada, I'll see.
  • Amurets
    Amurets 7 November 2019 06: 00 New
    +8
    Nowadays, few people know about the daring jet take-off of the team of Novorossiysk missile launchers, before which the doors of the best institutes were opened. However, the war not only mowed down the ranks of the Tereshchenkov team, but almost buried their works and memory of them.
    The author, thanks, is very interesting. About GIRD and GDL were subsequently combined in the RNII. About the group Tereshchenko, in fact youth KB, read for the first time.
  • parusnik
    parusnik 7 November 2019 06: 36 New
    +4
    It’s a pity that it happened ... Thanks for the article ...
  • Whowhy
    Whowhy 7 November 2019 08: 15 New
    +3
    All this, of course, is great, and arouses great respect in me! It is a pity that now we can only read about it ....
  • Albatroz
    Albatroz 7 November 2019 08: 28 New
    +2
    Glory to our rocket men.
    Much has already been forgotten, as has been forgotten, and the fact that Nikolai Tikhomirov became the Russian pioneer in this matter, who began to create rockets in 1894 (on a par with Nikola Tesla!), And in 1912 he had already submitted to the naval minister a project of a rocket.
    Such here was backward Russia) In quotation marks naturally
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 7 November 2019 10: 50 New
      +3
      Quote: Albatroz
      Many have already been forgotten,
      Yes, we forgot a lot: Zasyadko, Alexander Dmitrievich. The missiles developed by him had a flight range of up to 6 meters (English Kongriv missiles - up to 000 meters). He calculated how much gunpowder would be required to fly such a rocket to the moon. For the first time in the world, he built a rocket launcher with which it was possible to launch a salvo with six missiles at once (the prototype of modern multiple launch rocket systems).
      In 1820, he led the training artillery brigade, artillery school, artillery laboratory, the St. Petersburg arsenal and the Okhta state-owned powder factory. It was during the work of Zasyadko at the Okhta plant, in 1817, the first missiles were tested at the factory.
      https://zen.yandex.ru/media/id/5a6ad2ac168a913f2ec5f617/znamenitye-otechestvennye-izobretateli-aleksandr-dmitrievich-zasiadko-5a715fd0799d9d02e5b79ec9
      Konstantin Ivanovich Konstantinov (April 6, 1818 - January 12, 1871) - Russian scientist and inventor in the field of artillery, rocket technology, instrumentation and automation, lieutenant general, artilleryman [1] [2].
      Konstantinov invented one of the first electro-ballistic devices (1844) and proposed a sight for mounted shooting from smooth-bore guns. In 1849, he was appointed head of the Okhta capsule institution, and soon - the commander of the St. Petersburg Rocket Plant. Subsequently, the activities of Konstantinov were almost exclusively devoted to improving combat missiles and various improvements in amusing pyrotechnics. He developed the project of the Nikolaev Rocket Plant and in 1859 was appointed head of this plant. Data on these pioneers in the field of battle cancer can be found on the Internet. https://zen.yandex.ru/media/vfx/bastardy-velikogo-kniazia-konstantina-5c25d4248ac44000a9930407
  • Naz
    Naz 7 November 2019 08: 37 New
    +6
    Happy November 7th! Hooray comrades!
  • Potato
    Potato 7 November 2019 08: 54 New
    +7
    The glory of our Motherland has always been based on the most important and valuable - on the talents of the Russian people - mind, ingenuity, love of life and the broad Russian soul. The Soviet Union was able to nurture the best in youth. Then ... Something went wrong, and the sons of the fatherland for the most part became traitors - the Motherland, each other, themselves. Someone will say: exchanged ideas and dreams, the desire for justice for everyone and everyone, honor and culture - for the desire for a beautiful depraved foreign life in a quick way, neglect, parasitism over those around them, in their happy land, over their fellow citizens. Man to man has become a wolf. Brutalized. For this, they will disappear from the face of history - either they will die out without leaving the drug binge, endlessly robbing and killing each other, or other peoples and cultures will dissolve them into themselves.
  • Klingon
    Klingon 7 November 2019 10: 13 New
    +3
    earlier, during the USSR, any teenager could enroll in DOSAAF or any technical creativity club, there would be a desire to do something, but now they take only elite offspring in TECHNOCENTERS and the thicker the parents ’wallet, the easier it is to get there. that's sad
    1. korwins
      korwins 7 November 2019 10: 47 New
      +1
      To Klingon: You are telling an absolute lie. I myself conduct a robotics club, which in itself is free for children, and the state buys equipment (Lego Mindstorms and others). And we have a lot of such circles in the departments of additional education (Simferopol), they don’t take any money for them. Do not confuse with commercial courses.
  • Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 7 November 2019 12: 20 New
    +3
    Thanks to the author! Even for adults, it sounds like - "We did not pass this, we were not asked this"! It's nice to read the comments. Rarely do articles about our "worthy past" appear, even less often these articles do not have a "double bottom" and it is very rare that all the comments to the article are exclusively positive - they are not interesting for those "squealing, hissing, gloating and all missing" some regulars and authors IN!
  • Klingon
    Klingon 7 November 2019 13: 16 New
    +2
    Quote: korwins
    To Klingon: You are telling an absolute lie. I myself conduct a robotics club, which in itself is free for children, and the state buys equipment (Lego Mindstorms and others). And we have a lot of such circles in the departments of additional education (Simferopol), they don’t take any money for them. Do not confuse with commercial courses.

    I don’t know, but I'm talking about Stavropol. You throw the goodies yourself know why. For an unsinkable aircraft carrier must contain someone so that * the team * does not run away
  • Elturisto
    Elturisto 8 November 2019 17: 12 New
    0
    Excellent and timely article. There is not enough emphasis on how resources in the USSR were spent on the future, including wide folk technical creativity and not yachts and horse-drawn carts ....