Military Review

Joachim Murat. Hero who became a traitor

108
In a previous article, dubbed "Two" Gasconades "of Joachim Murat", we talked a little about this Napoleonic marshal and his exploits during the 1805 military campaign. The fearless warrior, the “genius of cavalry attacks”, was the youngest and eleventh child in a poor provincial family (his mother gave birth to him at the age of 45 years). Apparently, the poverty of the first years of life left a certain imprint on his character, and the love of luxurious outfits was a kind of compensatory reaction.


Joachim Murat. Hero who became a traitor

Murat even attached his favorite white feather plume to the Polish Confederate



Joachim Murat in the Confederate


This passion became especially noticeable after the Egyptian campaign, where Murat suddenly found himself in the fabulous world of oriental luxury. Since then, he has fallen in love with leopard skins and various products from them once and for all: in the campaign against Russia in 1812 he took as many 20 leopard blankets.

For his overly pompous and "theatrical" appearance, Murat was condemned not only by enemies, but also by people who treated him with sympathy. The stigma of the narcissistic fanfaron tightly stuck to him, and therefore it is now customary to even regard the real royal title he received from Napoleon as an operetta. Some compared this situation with the well-known episode of Cervantes' novel, when a bored duke appointed Sancho Panza the ruler of a certain "island" - with the difference that Napoleon did not appoint a squire, but Don Quixote, who played the role of this duke.

But, oddly enough, many historians assess Murat’s rule in Naples as a whole, positively. This was not the result of some special administrative talent of the Gascon, but he had the mind not to meddle in matters in which he did not understand, but to trust the professionals.


King Joachim. Naples, Palazzo Reale, 1888



Commemorative medal with the image of King Joachim Murat


But how did Murat end up on the throne, and how did his short (less than seven years) rule in Naples end?

Joachim Murat: the beginning of a long journey


That great era in France opened up many talented and even brilliant people who, under the Old regime, did not have the slightest chance of such an exaltation. Murat, who began his military career in 1787 with the rank of rank-and-file cavalryman in a horse-jaeger regiment, already in 1792 we see him as a sub-lieutenant, in 1794 - as a captain. And this despite the fact that in 1789, for violation of discipline and disrespect for his superiors, he was expelled from service for two years.


Sub-lieutenant of the 12-th Horse-Jaeger Regiment I. Murat. 1792 year


The real takeoff was awaiting him after meeting with the young General Bonaparte, to whom he, during the royalist rebellion (October1795), managed to deliver 40 guns. Having under the command of all 200 cavalrymen, Murat not only literally crawled through the crowds of rebels, but also did not lose his precious train, which was perceived by many as a real miracle.


Napoleon Bonaparte commands the suppression of a popular uprising in October 1795. Engraving. XVIII century


Well versed in people, Napoleon brought close to him a promising Gascon. And he for many years justified the trust of his patron - the general, first consul, emperor.

During the famous Italian campaign, Colonel Murat, at the head of the cavalry units, took part in almost all battles. The blow of the three cavalry regiments under his command put Piedmont's army to flight. Commanding the vanguard units, he occupied the important Tuscan port of Livorno. As a result, at the age of 29, he became a brigadier general. In that year, an interesting motto appeared on his saber: “Honor and Ladies”.

In 1798, Murat commanded the French cavalry during the Egyptian campaign of Napoleon, was part of the so-called Syrian army during the campaign in Palestine, participated in the assault on Gaza, captured the march camp of Damascus and the huge city of Tiberias. food supplies. Then he distinguished himself in the assault on the fortress of Saint-Jean-d'Acre, and especially in the battle with the Turkish landing at Abukir. During the latter, despite his wound, he personally captured the Turkish commander in chief, Said Mustafa Pasha. Soon after, Murat was awarded the following military rank - the division general. It is not surprising that Murat was one of the few who accompanied Napoleon during his return from Egypt to France.


Murat in the form of a general of the Republic


In November 1799 (19 brumaire according to the revolutionary calendar), Murat rendered Napoleon a truly invaluable service, leading the grenadiers who literally kicked out of the conference room of the deputies of the “500 Council”. But Napoleon himself, the same people before this, nearly fainted with their indignant cries and threats to declare him illegal. Unaware of fear on the battlefield, Bonaparte was suddenly confused and left parliament almost in prostration, and Murat confidently ordered the soldiers: “Throw all this audience out!”

And recently, such brave and formidable deputies ran to the race - many not even through the doors, but through the windows they break.


Murat accelerates “500 Council”



English caricature of the 19 Brummer event


In April 1800, Murat commanded the cavalry during Napoleon's new campaign in Italy. He managed to capture Milan and Piacenza, to expel the army of the Kingdom of Naples from the Papal States. And, of course, he fought at Marengo.

Bonaparte's son-in-law


But Murat’s career was particularly accelerated by his marriage to Bonaparte’s sister Caroline (20 of January 1800 of the year): Napoleon, like any Corsican of those years, was kind to family ties and finding a suitable crown for his beloved sister (and at the same time for her husband) was for him, as they say, a matter of honor.

In fact, at first Napoleon categorically objected to this marriage:
«
in the position where fate has lifted me, I simply cannot allow my family to become related with such mediocrity. ”


However, after the events of 19 Brummer, he slightly corrected his position:
"Its origin is such that no one will accuse me of pride and the search for a brilliant relationship."



Murat's sword with the profile of his wife Carolina



Jean-Louis Ducis. Caroline Murat, Queen of Naples 1810


This marriage was concluded for love, and when the first impulse of passion passed, the couple, despite numerous mutual infidelities, maintained a good relationship for a long time.

It was in the family of Joachim and Carolina that the first boy of the Bonaparte clan (Achille-Charles-Napoleon) was born, and before Napoleon adopted the children of Josephine Bogarne, he was the first contender for the imperial throne. And then a son was born to Napoleon himself, so that the son of Joachim and Carolina could be forgotten about the imperial crown forever.

In total, the Murat family had four children.


Francois Gerard. Carolina Murat with children (the eldest son is dressed in a suit, similar to the uniform of Napoleon himself, so that everyone can understand who is his real heir!). Around 1808 year


Carolina was perhaps the most ambitious of Napoleon’s sisters, and she promoted her husband with all her might, jealously watching that he was not inadvertently circumvented in awards and honors, as well as in cash bonuses. By the way, she bought one of them for herself the Champs Elysees - the current residence of the presidents of France.

In 1804, Murat became the governor of Paris and the Marshal of France, in 1805 - "Prince of the French", the Grand Admiral of the Empire and the Grand Duke of Berg and Cleves. The capital of his possessions was Dusseldorf.


Duchy of Berg and Cleve on the map


New exploits of the frantic Gascon


Murat’s "Gascons" during the 1805 campaign were already described in a previous article. During the war with Prussia in 1806, he completed the rout of the Prussian army in the battle of Jena and drove its remains for a long time.


Murat in the battle of Jena


And then with some cavalrymen he captured the hometown of Catherine II - Stettin. On this occasion, Napoleon wrote to Murat:
“If our light cavalry takes fortified cities in this way, I will have to dismantle the engineering troops and send our guns for re-melting.”



The series "Napoleon". Claudio Amendola as Murat. To the left of the emperor


The following year, at the Battle of Preisisch Eilau, Murat led a massive attack by the French cavalry (“80 squadron attack”), which the British historian Chandler called “one of the greatest cavalry attacks in stories". The first wave of the French, led by Dahlman, scattered the Russian cavalry, the second, which was already led by Murat himself, broke through two infantry lines. And this attack took place because, at 500 meters from himself, Napoleon suddenly saw the Russians breaking through French positions. And he turned to Murat: “Will you really let them gobble us up ?!”

Murat did not allow it.


Napoleon and Murat before the "attack of 80 squadrons"


This episode is often called the peak of Murat’s entire military career. In Tilsit, the impressed Alexander I awarded him the Order of St. Andrew the First-Called.

In the 1808 year, Murat fought in Spain, first capturing Madrid (March 23), and then crushing the rebellion in it (May 2). From Escorial, he took and sent to France the sword of Francis I, with whom he was captured at the Battle of Pavia.

By the way, after the victory over Prussia in 1806, Napoleon also brought home some souvenirs: the sword and watches of Frederick the Great. And even after renunciation, he did not give them away - he took with him to the island of St. Helena.

But back from 1806 year to 1808. Murat’s victory went to the emperor’s brother, Joseph. Many historians are sure that this appointment was Napoleon's mistake, believing that an experienced in military affairs Murat would have acted in Spain much more successfully and would have brought more benefits. However, the emperor decided differently: in troubled, literally boiling, Spain, his brother, not shining with talents, went, and the active warrior-Murat 1 of August of that year was put at the head of a completely peaceful Neapolitan kingdom.

By the way, few people know that Murat then changed his name - he began to call himself Joachim Napoleon (but he once wanted to take the name of the dead Charlotte Cord Marat).


Kingdom of neapolitan



Coat of arms of Murat, king of Naples



Coin of King Joachim


King of Naples Joachim


How did our hero rule his kingdom? Oddly enough, pretty reasonable. He relied on local cadres in everything, did not impose or promote aliens from outside, and even made some attempts to abandon the role of a weak-willed puppet of the powerful emperor of the French. Political criminals, many of whom were Napoleon's enemies, he immediately pardoned. He defiantly went to bow to the relics of the patron saint of Naples - St. Januarius. Then he knocked out the British from the island of Capri belonging to his kingdom. In 1810, he tried to capture Sicily, but did not succeed. Murat’s further steps give reason to suspect timid attempts to follow the path of another French marshal - Bernadotte. But Bernadotte was the ruler of a no-but independent state, while Murat was on the throne of a country dependent on France and its emperor. Even these awkward attempts to show independence, Napoleon apparently suffered only because he did not want to deprive his sister of the crown.

So, for starters, Murat tried to get rid of the French parts in his kingdom. Napoleon naturally refused to withdraw his troops, and then Murat demanded that the French officials of the kingdom become subjects of Naples. Carolina fully supported her husband in this intrigue against her brother, moreover, they believe that she was the initiator of such unfriendly actions. Napoleon said that all subjects of the Kingdom of Naples are citizens of his empire, and therefore there is no need for the reassignment of bureaucrats. Quiet confrontation with the dictates of the emperor continued. In response to the introduction of a double duty on the import of silk from Naples, a retaliatory blow follows - a complete ban on its import into France, which is extremely worried for both Parisian fashionistas and Napoleon.

Napoleon, by the way, understood well who was in charge of this pair. “The queen’s little finger has more energy than her husband’s entire personality,” he said then.

But Murat gradually began to realize that he was turning into a purely nominal figure, and there was a discord in relations between the spouses, exacerbated by the turbulent novels of both. But this did not prevent the founding of a military school in Naples, engineering, polytechnic, artillery, and maritime schools, the construction of new roads and bridges. At the same time, they built an observatory and expanded the botanical garden.


Patrick Courcelles and Jacques Girbal. Murat in Naples in 1813


1812 year


In 1812, Murat was forced to leave Naples and join the Great Army of his overlord. He commanded the cavalry units of the Great Army (4 corps with a total number of 28 thousand people), pursued the Russians - and could not catch up with them. In a battle near Ostrovno, he personally participated in an equestrian battle with the Cossacks.


Richard Knotel. Cavalry battle


He became one of the heroes of the battle of Borodino (in one of the attacks of Semyonovsky flashes a horse was killed under him) and one of the first to enter Moscow. If you believe L.N. Tolstoy, his appearance made a great impression on the Muscovites remaining in the city:

“All with timid bewilderment looked at the strange, adorned with feathers and gold long-haired chief.
“Well, is that himself, perhaps, their king?” Nothing! “Quiet voices were heard.”

(The novel "War and Peace.")

It was the Murat cavalrymen who discovered the camp of the retreating Kutuzov. Moreover, according to Marbo,
“Murat, proud of his high growth, his courage, always wore very strange, shiny costumes, attracted the attention of the enemy. He liked to negotiate with the Russians, so he exchanged gifts with the Cossack commanders. Kutuzov took advantage of these meetings to support the false hopes for peace in the French. ”


But soon Murat himself became convinced of the intransigence of the Russians.

The vanguard of the Great Army, under his command of about 20-22 of thousands of people, stood on the Chernyshna River with 12 (24) on September. The Russian army received a replenishment, despondency that gripped everyone after leaving Moscow, gave way to indignation and a desire for revenge. The subordinates demanded decisive action from Kutuzov, and the separately standing French units seemed an ideal target. Alas, the famous Tarutino battle, although it was the first victory of the Russian army, still did not lead to the complete defeat of the French. The main reason for this was the uncoordinated actions of the Russian generals, many of whom were openly at odds for a long time, and therefore did not seek too much to support their rivals and mutual assistance. As a result, on the appointed day, the Russian divisions did not take up the positions prescribed by them, and many infantry units did not appear the next day. On this occasion, Kutuzov said to Miloradovich:
“You have everything in the language to attack, but don’t see that we don’t know how to do complex maneuvers.


But the Russian strike was unexpected for the French, and the chances of their complete defeat were very high. Murat himself was then wounded in the thigh by a lance. L.N. Tolstoy described this attack of the Cossack and cavalry regiments of Orlov-Denisov in the novel War and Peace:
“One desperate, frightened cry of the first Frenchman who saw the Cossacks, and everything that was in the camp, naked, awake, threw guns, guns, horses, and ran anywhere. If the Cossacks had pursued the French, not paying attention to what was behind and around them, they would have taken Murat and all that was there. The bosses wanted this. But it was impossible to budge the Cossacks when they got to the prey and the prisoners. ”


The pace of the attack was lost, the French who came to their senses lined up for battle and managed to repulse the advance of the approaching Russian jaeger regiments, which retreated, having lost several hundred people killed, including General Baggovut. Bennigsen asked Kutuzov for reinforcements for a new attack by the retreating French, but received an answer:
“They didn’t know how to take Murat alive in the morning and arrive on time in place, now there’s nothing to do.”


It was after Tarutinscoro’s battle that Napoleon realized that there would be no peace proposal and decided to leave Moscow.


A.S. Chagadaev. Offensive after Tarutino


During the "great retreat" Murat was only a shadow of himself and gave the impression of an absolutely depressed and morally broken man. Perhaps this was a consequence of the death before his eyes of the magnificent cavalry of the Napoleonic army. At Berezina, he “became famous” for the offer to save the command staff, giving soldiers the opportunity to deal with the advancing enemy themselves. Especially strange seems the decision of Napoleon to appoint Murat as his successor as commander of the remnants of the army.

In Prussia, Murat, who had completely lost his head, gathered a council of war on which he hinted to his comrades that Napoleon was crazy, and therefore they all - kings, princes, dukes, should enter into negotiations with the enemy with the aim of securing crowns and thrones for themselves and their descendants. Marshal Davout, the Duke of Auerstedt and Prince Ekmulsky answered him that, unlike the Prussian king and the Austrian emperor, they are not “monarchs by the grace of God” and can retain their possessions only by remaining faithful to Napoleon and France. And it is not clear what is more in these words: offended honor or pragmatism.


Unknown artist. Marshal Davout. Lithography. Around 1840


Having found no understanding among the other commanders, Murat said that he was suffering from fever and jaundice, transferred the command to Eugene Beauharnais and hurriedly went to his capital, Naples. He spent only two weeks on the road, earning a stinging compliment from Evgeny Beauharnais: "Not bad for a seriously ill patient."

Traitor's way


In 1812, Mr. Murat should apparently have died in one of the battles, having forever remained in the memory of the descendants the faithful paladin of France, the fearless knight of cavalry attacks. But Murat remained alive, and all his subsequent existence was a shameful agony of a man who could earn the title of a hero, but could not stay them until the end.

Napoleon in Paris gathered a new army, the number of which in three months reached 400 thousand people. And Joachim and his wife at this time entered into negotiations with Metternich (who had once been Carolina's lover for a whole year). Murat was already ready to betray his emperor, and the Austrians were inclined to keep power in Naples behind him - in exchange for help in the war against France. But they were late with their proposal, and Murat went to Napoleon to head the cavalry of his new army.

There is a version that a courier with Austrian proposals (which was supported by Alexander I) met Murat on the way, but the letter with important information was not decrypted and read. And the most convenient moment for betrayal was lost.

In August 1813, near Dresden, Murat won his last victory, overthrowing the Austrian troops of Schwarzenberg.

But already in October, 7 days after the battle of Leipzig, Murat left the emperor, who, understanding everything, nevertheless, friendly hugged him goodbye. He still hoped at least for the neutrality of his old ally and son-in-law. But already on the way to Naples, Murat sent a letter to Vienna with a promise to join the anti-French coalition. At home, Carolina fully supported him: in her opinion, his brother was already doomed, and you could still try to save the royal power.

On the 17 of January of the 1814 of the year the appeal "To the peoples of the Apennine Peninsula" was published, which was actually a declaration of war on the "French Emperor."

And in an appeal to the soldiers, Murat said:
“There are only two banners in Europe. On one you will read: religion, morality, justice, moderation and tolerance. On the other are false promises, violence, tyranny, persecution of the weak, war and mourning in every family! Choose you! "


Thus, the Kingdom of Naples joined the VI Anti-French Coalition.

Napoleon, oddly enough, then did not blame Murat, but his own sister, for betrayal:
“Murat! No, It is Immpossible! No. The reason for this betrayal is his wife. Yes, this is Carolina! She completely subdued him. ”


After the abdication of Napoleon, all his relatives lost their thrones - except for Murat and Carolina. However, the new allies of the four Murats did not intend to endure them on the throne for a long time: the principles of legitimism proclaimed by the victors demanded a return to the situation that existed on 1 of January 1792 of the year. And therefore, the right to the crown of Naples had only King Napoleon expelled by Ferdinand from the Bourbon dynasty. Joachim and Carolina tried to maneuver between Austria and France, entering into negotiations with both Metternich and Talleyrand. But the whole "game" was mixed by Napoleon's return from the island of Elba and his enthusiastic meeting in France. Murat’s throne staggered, and his nerves could not stand it. He ventured once more to believe in Bonaparte's “star”, and, contrary to Carolina’s advice, declared war on Austria. He did not know that Napoleon was no longer going to fight the whole world, and sent the most peace-loving messages to all the monarchs of Europe.

On 2-3 on May 1815, Murat’s army was defeated in a battle on the Tolentino River.

“Madame, do not be surprised to see me alive, I did everything I could to die,” he said, returning, to Carolina.

As a result, Murat fled from the country to Cannes, from where he wrote Napoleon a letter offering his services as commander of the cavalry, and the Austrians from Naples were taken away to Carolina to Trieste.

The emperor did not answer Murat and afterwards regretted it. “Still, he could bring us victory. We really missed him at some moments of that day. To break through three or four English squares - Murat was created for this, ”he said on St. Helena.

After Waterloo, Murat fled again - now to Corsica. The Austrians, in exchange for voluntary abdication, offered him a county in Bohemia, but Murat by that time seemed to have lost his adequacy and sense of reality.

Murat's death


In September 1815, on six ships with 250 soldiers on board, he went to Naples, hoping to repeat Napoleon's triumphant return. A storm swept these ships, and only at the beginning of October 1815, Murat, at the head of all 28 soldiers, was able to land near the small town of Pizzo in Calabria. Apparently, hoping to impress his former subjects, he was dressed in a ceremonial uniform, strewn with jewelry and orders. According to some reports, the city residents met the former king extremely unfriendly: so much so that he had to run away from them, throwing money into the crowd (in the hope of distracting the pursuers).

One way or another, but Murat was detained by local gendarmes. During interrogation, he stated that he had no intention of organizing an uprising, but found appropriate proclamations in his things.

On 3 on October 1815, a military court sentenced Murat to be shot with immediate execution. In the last letter to Carolina, he wrote that he regrets that he is dying away from her and the children. He told the priest that he did not want to confess, "because he had not committed sin."

Murat refused to turn his back on the soldiers, and did not allow him to blindfold. Before the formation, he kissed the portrait of his wife and children, which was kept in his medallion, and gave the last order in his life: “Do your duty. Aim for the heart, save my face. The fire!"


Friedrich Kamp. The shooting of Murat in Naples 3 October 1815 year, engraving


Murat’s burial site is unknown. According to some reports, his body was buried in the nearest church, but no signs were placed above the grave, and therefore it was not possible to find it later. Others claimed that his remains "were dismembered and mixed with the remains of thousands of people in the dungeons of the church of St. George the Martyr in Pizzo so that it was impossible to identify them."

Carolina did not observe mourning for long. In the year 1817, she secretly married Francesco MacDonald, the former Minister of King Joachim.

In 1830, when Louis Philippe came to power in France, Carolina turned to him for a pension (as the widow of the Marshal of France) and received it.


The grave of Carolina Murat at Pere La Chez cemetery in Paris. On the tombstone there is a profile of Murat
Author:
Articles from this series:
Ryzhov V.A. Two "Gasconades" by Joachim Murat
Ryzhov V.A. Field Marshal Kutuzov in 1812 year
Ryzhov V.A. Field Marshal Kutuzov in the 1812 year. The ending
Ryzhov V.A. Napoleon's first abdication
108 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. midshipman
    midshipman 24 October 2019 06: 15
    +6
    Dear Vasily Alekseevich, you have missed an interesting detail in the biography of Murat. He studied with our future Hero and Savior of Russia Miloradovich. After the Battle of Borodino, Miloradovich managed to conclude a truce for two days with Murat. Kutuzov’s army managed to leave Moscow, take up new positions and receive reinforcements (60 Cossack regiments from the reserve army). The reserve army of Russia was formed in 1812 by Miloradovich.
    At my request, including in 1915, a monument was erected to Miloradovich in St. Petersburg. And at one time in Russia Miloradovich was considered the Savior of Russia for this feat.
    1. Alexander Trebuntsev
      Alexander Trebuntsev 24 October 2019 06: 48
      +2
      Sorry I did not understand. On your "petition in 1915"? How old are you?
      1. midshipman
        midshipman 24 October 2019 06: 54
        +8
        Alexander, I'm 81 years old.
        But I'm working. The scientific secretary of one of the research institutes and the chairman of the special dissertation council in this research institute. This year I have published in Singapore my 7 monographs on improving the flight safety of aircraft; they are sold in 192 countries
        1. vladcub
          vladcub 24 October 2019 18: 38
          +2
          I am sure that you have done a serious job
      2. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 12: 24
        +12
        Sorry I did not understand. On your "petition in 1915"?

        Alexander, of course, Yuri Grigoryevich meant the year 2015. hi
        Here is his article on our site about the opening of the monument:
        https://topwar.ru/87858-pamyatnik-ma-miloradovichu-otkryt-v-sankt-peterburge.html
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 24 October 2019 12: 31
          +4
          Hi Nikolay! Yes, I, too, were initially somewhat questioned by the dates here. Yes, and even sleepyness could not get it, I think: we have only ten years of difference and how it turns out ... In short, I turned off everything and went to drink coffee. Well, now it’s finally over. Although not a giraffe, but a cat, the neck is somehow long today. laughing
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 12: 47
            +5
            In short, turned off everything and went to drink coffee. Well, now it’s finally over.

            Early in the morning until it's dark
            It's dark, it's dark
            Early in the morning until it's dark
            The world is still in bed.
            To understand where to go,
            To understand why to go,
            Take one hundred grams without hesitation
            And you will reach the goal!
            wink
            (Grebenshchikov!) drinks Anton with Sergey-Korsar and Sergey-Bubalik will come, they will add, I think. Poems will be added, in the sense of laughing
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 13: 10
              +3
              "I'll get up before dawn today,
              On a wide pass field
              Something with my memory has become
              I remember what was not with me ... "(C).

              PS Dedicated to the unforgettable "Broken-bearer in the dark". drinks
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 24 October 2019 14: 48
                +3
                "I'll get up before dawn today,
                All those glasses that I broke, I will insert "
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 24 October 2019 14: 53
                  +2
                  M-yes ... for a long time it is necessary to repair all points ... laughing
                  1. 3x3zsave
                    3x3zsave 24 October 2019 16: 35
                    +3
                    Here cats like to spoil the soul! The last points cost me 13 tyrov!
                    1. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 41
                      +5
                      Here cats like to spoil the soul!

                      from our table to yours. fellow Please! soldier so to speak, than we can ... repeat
                      1. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 24 October 2019 16: 48
                        +3
                        Here, Chesslovo, the next day I will fulfill the threat and give you a puppy! Moreover, I know who will be in solidarity with me.
                      2. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 59
                        +5
                        Minus you for The last points cost me 13 tyrov! I did not sculpt! stop This is Gremlin Herostratus! belay Anton, what immediately broke up ?! laughing
                        But I know who definitely will not be in solidarity .... No.

                        "We meow-meow, we threw off the bag, we got into it and mur-mur-mur!" yes
                      3. vladcub
                        vladcub 24 October 2019 18: 31
                        +5
                        The cat is cute. Looks like my Chapaya. My, when I was little, I loved to climb into the galosh and only my head sticks out
                      4. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 18: 34
                        +6
                        The cat is cute. Looks like my Chapaya.

                        ah, this Emperor of Japan (I'm talking about a cat) loves to sleep on a pizza box most of all laughing and he took off a bag a couple of weeks ago, which was hanging next to the door handle, and now prefers to sleep on it. And he doesn’t want to give! So funny - here, I climbed completely yesterday. fellow
                      5. Phil77
                        Phil77 24 October 2019 18: 59
                        +5
                        And my Filka is very good. and very good she’s afraid of cellophane bags. My friend, when he was little, came from the store, unloaded everything from the bag, and the empty bag accidentally fell on the cat and everything, stress. There is still a psychological trauma. fellow
                      6. vladcub
                        vladcub 24 October 2019 18: 59
                        +7
                        Your cat's name is: Mikado? In this case, you must give in to him, because the Japanese emperors trace their lineage from the sun goddess. It seems that even the conversion was: the sun is face?
                      7. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 25 October 2019 09: 09
                        +2
                        Your cat's name is: Mikado?

                        Yes. Own gray person! drinks
          2. vladcub
            vladcub 24 October 2019 18: 50
            +6
            Anton, file a lawsuit: "Anton against cats," and that in the Middle Ages people sued animals. There is a known case when the inhabitants of one village were suing mice. And you will sue the cats. I already know the cats lawyer, who is yours?
          3. Catfish
            Catfish 24 October 2019 19: 38
            +4
            That's why she is the soul, and we are always there. laughing
      3. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 59
        +5
        "I'll get up before dawn today,
        All those glasses that I broke, I will insert "

        The main thing is not to break the trees laughing joke! harmless! stop drinks otherwise it could be the same, if one does not break the glass in moderation. laughing
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 24 October 2019 16: 38
          +5
          "Drunk drunk like a baboon,
          I didn’t reach my pocket for a word,
          There was a man, he became a bully! "(C)
    2. vladcub
      vladcub 24 October 2019 18: 23
      +2
      Cat, these are words from a song performed by Muslim Magamayev. As a child, I heard a conversation in adults about one of my friends: he always cried when he heard this song. I was then surprised: why is an adult and cries songs
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 24 October 2019 19: 46
        +2
        Only I put in a little different words, the song was changed after the release of "Small Land".
  2. Korsar4
    Korsar4 24 October 2019 19: 27
    +4
    “Don't drink wine, Gertrude,
    Drinking does not color ladies ”(c).
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 24 October 2019 19: 49
      +2
      "Let the wine splash
      About the walls of the glass
      I drink, everything is not enough for me
      I have already become drunk ... "(C).

      Hum - how, as they say. request
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 24 October 2019 19: 51
      +4
      "But he is in love with these women,
      And, from his point of view, he is right "(c)
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 24 October 2019 20: 21
        +2
        "Maiden's camp, captured by silks,
        Fire moves in misty "(c).
  • Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 12: 57
    +5
    Oh yes, I forgot. laughing There, the BG in this song has words specifically for Sea Cats and other pirates:
    If the device breaks,
    Become a pirate and be glad
    I’ll drink the battleship without hesitation,
    But the fleet will not disgrace!
    drinks
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 24 October 2019 13: 16
      +6
      "By the way, about the birds, when our priest from the bell tower ..." No, not that ... Ah, that's what surfaced, and, by the way, just about the battleships: the battleship Marat was, and the battleship Murat was not present ... request
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 13: 39
        +4
        "Speaking of birds, when our pop from the bell tower ..."

        "when our father drunk from the bell tower .... " repeat
        And, here's what surfaced, and, by the way, just about the battleships: the battleship Marat was, but the battleship Murat was not present.

        if Murat were a revolutionary, the cavalry division in Budenny Konarmia would be named after him! fellow
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 24 October 2019 13: 44
          +5
          No, that's unlikely. Semyon Mikhailovich would not tolerate the names of a competitor next to his name.

          "On the steppe with the hot sun,
          Among the tall feathers
          Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny
          He rode on a red mare E. "(C). fellow
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 13: 53
            +3
            "On the steppe with the hot sun,
            Among the tall feathers
            Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny
            He rode on a red mare E. "(C).

            Reminded of something, a kind of road movie:
            Under the palm trees of Brazil, tired of the heat,
            A gray-haired Basilio walks, a Brazilian postman ....
            wink
            I’m interested in something else, Konstantin! what from "To Each His Own":
            Joseph Foucher warned Moreau that Murat had slandered Bonaparte all the time. Moreau replied:
            - I am guilty of Murat only because I was not born in a tavern among wine barrels and mugs. He was surrounded by the cries of drunkards, and I heard the sounds of the lute that my mother played ... No, I have not forgotten the time when Murat, seized with a fever of novelty, remade his last name. He changed the letter “u” to the letter “a” in his last name and was written “Marat”! Murat-Marat was and will remain for me a chameleon.
            - Murat wants to be second after Bonaparte, but as long as you remain second, he will pursue you ...

            Was this episode with Murat-Marat true or did Pikul invent everything about changing his name? hi what do you think?
            1. VLR
              24 October 2019 14: 12
              +6
              Murat was going to change his name to Marat, but did not have time before 9 thermidor, which he was very happy about later.
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 30
                +5
                Murat was going to change his name to Marat, but did not have time before 9 thermidor, which he was very happy about later.

                Yes, there was something to be happy about, otherwise I would have driven to the guillotine after Robespierre and other "friends of the people"! belay oh, Valery, here, once again, I bow to you, Mr. Kohanka! yes
                I remember exactly that there is some kind of art television movie (not for movie theaters), filmed already in the 90s-2000s about the young Bonaparte. How does he participate in the siege of Toulon. Just there they show their commander, a non-military man, who also changed his name in the wake of the Revolution. That is, it was fashionable! yes (let's say - not only with them, but also with us, remember Shvonder with "Clarochka and Rosette". or the emergence of the name "Vladlen" - no offense! drinks ) Well, and, of course, such a comrade cannot and cannot command. request I forgot the name of the movie! sad
              2. Astra wild
                Astra wild 24 October 2019 21: 27
                +2
                Does he get out of weathervanes?
              3. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 25 October 2019 09: 07
                +3
                Does he get out of weathervanes?

                as one Good Doctor says: "Pereobulsya in the air" drinks
          2. Catfish
            Catfish 24 October 2019 14: 27
            +5
            Valentin Savich invented a lot of things, but he seems to be excusable, the novelist is not a historian. Unfortunately, some are still trying to refer to it as a reliable source.
            And about Basilio pleased, thanks, immediately imagined the legendary Cat emigrated from Europe, along with his accomplice Aliska. smile
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 35
              +3
              the legendary Cat with the accomplice Aliska.

              Aliska is dancing salsa! fellow I think in the evening nearby on the beach of Copacabana, rumbling with a motor, sooner or later a tropical tank with merry mulattos on their armor will appear ... wink
            2. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 14: 51
              +2
              By all means and something like that. fellow
            3. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 53
              +3
              By all means and something like that.

              "Alice! Get me a tank ..." repeat
            4. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 15: 52
              +1
              Oh, some hamster appeared with his minuses, probably of a non-traditional orientation, since he doesn’t like women. laughing
            5. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 15: 54
              +3
              Oh, some hamster appeared with his minuses, probably of a non-traditional orientation, since he doesn’t like women.

              You wrote at the same time that I wanted to do this. Infofield! drinks Anton says gremlins. Prudish gremlins! wink
            6. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 15: 57
              +4
              Anton knows what he is saying, only he doesn’t get to the hamsters. They are unprofitable. drinks
            7. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 11
              +5
              Ahaha, he continues to sculpt minus! laughing all, Konstantin, have shamed you in karma, but at the same time in a bowl and in a tray! laughing drinks
            8. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 16: 17
              +6
              The hamster is an animal brainless and irresponsible, and also cowardly, and it will continue to quietly shit in bowls, because the concept of a toilet bowl is not familiar to him. laughing drinks
            9. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 21
              +6
              I propose to give the gremlin the nickname "Herostratus", and forget him. How the ancient Greeks acted. yes I explain for those on horseback: It was a punishment to a young man named Herostratus, who burned the temple of Artemis in Ephesus for the sake of likes and media glory. bully His name was sentenced to oblivion. However, it has survived! request
            10. Catfish
              Catfish 24 October 2019 16: 29
              +5
              Nikolay, I do not agree. My deceased cat was called Herostratus, and he did not deserve a comparison with gremlins. Maybe we’ll choose Proh Hindey as an alternative? drinks laughing
            11. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 35
              +6
              My deceased cat was called Herostratus, and he did not deserve a comparison with gremlins.

              Stunned .. belay It turns out that I was not very original, in search of a name for a kitten, I took Turnbull's book about samurai from the shelf, and clutched at the word "Mikado" ??request Have you taken the "History of Ancient Greece"? wink however, we ask forgiveness, lady kohanka! three times "ku"! drinks
        2. Astra wild
          Astra wild 24 October 2019 21: 24
          +4
          A sea cat, this is Viktor Nikolaevich, we have a negative attitude towards hamsters, and now you have infected with a dislike for hamsters?
        3. Catfish
          Catfish 25 October 2019 01: 46
          +1
          I didn’t get infected; they were always disgusting to me in life. By the way, from those present, here and now, there are no lovers of these rodents. Dogs, cats, even mulattos - please, but hamsters, excuse me, no way. request
        4. bubalik
          bubalik 25 October 2019 13: 11
          +3
          Dogs, cats, even mulattos - please
          ... Konstantin, do you think that mulattos what belong to the squad predatory bully
        5. Catfish
          Catfish 25 October 2019 13: 58
          +1
          Seryozha, they are women in general ... regardless of skin color. Specifically, the mulattos, this is simply the belonging of Antonov Tank, so to speak. smile
  • The comment was deleted.
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 24 October 2019 16: 51
    +2
    There were no mulattos on the tank! And you, Nikolai, were not there! At this time, you were tyrannizing the animal, with this, like him, a furminator!
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 24 October 2019 14: 51
    +3
    "He was in a leather jacket,
    He was in leather pants
    And sang the folk song "Murka"
    He with tears in his eyes "
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 57
      +5
      He was in a leather jacket,
      He was in leather pants

      People's biker? about the surgeon? bully
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 24 October 2019 15: 55
        +2
        No, about the commander.
        "And in the line where this Murka
        Was already dead
        His jacket was wet,
        A mare sobbed beneath him. " crying
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 24 October 2019 17: 03
        +5
        Absolutely right! I feel like a differential of generations.
      3. Catfish
        Catfish 24 October 2019 19: 39
        +2
        I had a differential on the tank ... suggestive. recourse
  • Phil77
    Phil77 24 October 2019 16: 30
    +3
    I greet the noble meeting! In, today it’s a very pleasant atmosphere of communication! It’s nice, damn it, as Vyacheslav Olegovich says! Yesterday, when discussing the Life Guards of the Hussar Regiment, the passions simply went wild. lol
  • Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 16: 45
    +4
    I greet the noble meeting! In, today a very pleasant atmosphere of communication! It's nice, damn it, as Vyacheslav Olegovich says!

    Sergey, I'm glad! drinks .... Duc, there is also an article by Vyacheslav Olegovich on "opinions" came out, but I can’t switch my attention. crying Do not tear it up! request oh, colleagues, this is such a chatter under good articles, with good people - yes it's just some kind of holiday! good
  • Phil77
    Phil77 24 October 2019 18: 38
    +3
    Nikolay! Two articles! Another about helmets (and in passing about the movie!). goodWhile the discussion is taking place within the framework of socialist rule of law, quietly, peacefully, magnificently!
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 24 October 2019 17: 00
    +2
    Konstantin commented!
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 24 October 2019 19: 31
    +2
    "Cap-Cap-Cap-Cap
    From the clear eyes of Marousi ”(c).
    1. Astra wild
      Astra wild 24 October 2019 22: 07
      +2
      Ivan Vasilievich is changing the profession. From there song
  • Phil77
    Phil77 24 October 2019 06: 48
    +8
    Good morning everyone! Thank you Valery for the article! How is Bulgakov doing? * Oh, soldier! You started well, but you ended badly ... * Approximately, of course. But he certainly received a dignified death, brave man!
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 10: 51
      +6
      And this attack took place because 500 meters away Napoleon suddenly saw Russians breaking through French positions. And he turned to Murat: “Will you really let them gobble us up ?!”

      Dokhturov led the cavalry directly to the cemetery.
      - There he is! - and with a broadsword pointed to the emperor.
      Napoleon saw beside him the splashing waves of broadswords shredding his "grumblers", he looked around bewilderedly:
      - Berthier, what is it? This is not a fight ... massacre!
      Murat, saving the brother-in-law, dropped an avalanche of valiant cavalry. He overturned the ranks of the Russian infantry, but achieved nothing and went back, for the first time finding out that against the storm of his frantic sabers the Russians are able to put stingings of bayonets, they knock out riders from saddles, rip open bellies of horses. But on the other side of the Preisisch-Eilau cemetery, Prince Peter Bagration hit with his cavalry, a horse had already been brought to Napoleon, he saw the guard soldiers running, urging them:
      - Do not lose the banners ... take care of my eagles!
      A dying Cossack blew past him in the saddle, who, already blinded by death, carried away just the imperial eagle, flapping its shiny wings.

      (VS Pikul, "To Each His Own"). I must say that this French cavalry attack is shown in the TV series "Napoleon" too pompous. what
      To the author - Valery, I bow! Shshshikaaaarno! good drinks
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 24 October 2019 13: 25
      +5
      I remembered something else from the sumptuous "Hussar Ballad":

      "Murat went around, he wants to surround us.
      Field Marshal ordered us to retreat. " soldier

      And another fragment:

      "I am a lieutenant from the Murat corps, my regiment was defeated long ago,
      With whom to drink vodka, now I don't care! " drinks
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 14: 39
        +2
        I am a lieutenant from Murat’s corps, my regiment has been defeated for a long time,
        With whom to drink vodka, now I do not care!

        He was from the Navarre shooters, EMNIP? moreover, Spaniard? Now, another question for those who know, I’m just wondering: was such a unit in general in the reserve cavalry corps? drinks
        1. VLR
          24 October 2019 15: 06
          +3
          In total, in the reserve cavalry of the Great Army in 1812 (excluding the seconded ones) there were: 205 squadrons, 13,5 horse artillery companies and batteries with an artillery convoy.
          Until September 7 they were joined by:
          IV Cavalry Corps: 27 squadrons and 4 horse artillery batteries
          2 I Light Cavalry Division: 24 Squadron
          17 Light Cavalry Brigade of the 3 Light Cavalry Division of the III Cavalry Corps: 10 Squadrons
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 15: 07
            +3
            good and the Spanish comrades were among them, Valery? so that whole units?
            1. VLR
              24 October 2019 15: 42
              +4
              National units were. Spaniards 4800 people, Murat Neapolitans - 11 thousands. Even Switzerland 12 thousand sent. But most of all - the Poles - there were about 100 thousands of them.
              By the way, the name "reserve cavalry" confuses some - what is it? Tyloviks, or what? Each French corps was a small army - with cavalry units, artillery. And Murat's reserve cavalry is like a fire brigade, where a massive strike is required to inflict or pursue the leaving enemy.
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 15: 51
                +2
                And Murat’s reserve cavalry - like a fire brigade - to where a massive blow is required to inflict or pursue an outgoing enemy.

                removed from the tongue! yes, something like a mighty "rolling link"! yes
                But most of all - Poles - there were about 100 thousand of them.

                Yeah, Poniatowski gotten into trouble. fellow Even the heir to the Kokhankin castles, Dominic Radziwill, formed his own Lancers regiment. Well, what both wanted, then they got .... negative
              2. sivuch
                sivuch 24 October 2019 16: 29
                +1
                As far as I remember, the Poles Napoleon shuffled in different buildings. Abbot de Pradt then wrote - an army of 100 (?) Thousand people was made invisible.
            2. kalibr
              kalibr 24 October 2019 18: 24
              +1
              "Tunic of Navarre Riflemen" - "Hussar Ballad"
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 18: 31
                +2
                "Tunic of Navarre Riflemen" - "Hussar Ballad"

                yes, Vyacheslav Olegovich! I was just wondering if such a unit existed in the Murat corps at all. hi
                1. Phil77
                  Phil77 24 October 2019 19: 12
                  +2
                  Well, since no one answered you, I will take the liberty of myself. As such a unit * of the Navarre riflemen * in the army of Napoleon was not, but ... The natives of there most likely were.
      2. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 24 October 2019 17: 07
        +5
        "And a bitterly avaricious tear fell,
        Into a glass of unfinished Dom Perignon a (c) crying laughing
  • andrewkor
    andrewkor 24 October 2019 07: 05
    +5
    And how good the illustrations, especially the cavalry ones!
    Thanks to the author for the selection.
  • kalibr
    kalibr 24 October 2019 08: 04
    +4
    Well Ryzhov writes, damn it. I read and enjoy!
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 24 October 2019 08: 07
      +5
      Statement of fact? Damn it! laughing Good morning Vyacheslav Olegovich!
      1. kalibr
        kalibr 24 October 2019 08: 10
        +4
        Good morning to you too! Damn it - the degree of delight!
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 24 October 2019 08: 15
          +4
          So am I about that. And the illustrations are amazingly good, as Andrewkor rightly noted above. However, it is time for a plow, horns blow.
          1. kalibr
            kalibr 24 October 2019 08: 19
            +3
            Yes. It is very difficult to choose illustrations so that they complement the text in a natural and logical way. Here it succeeded!
  • Olgovich
    Olgovich 24 October 2019 08: 23
    +1
    Good warrior. but no politician ...
    The wife was clearly smarter than her husband ......
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 24 October 2019 12: 06
      +3
      The wife was clearly smarter than her husband ......


      He would have listened to it less, would surely have died his death. request
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 24 October 2019 19: 34
        +3
        “Do not marry the widow - the old husband will come.
        Do not marry a smart girl - she will roll her head ”(c).
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 24 October 2019 19: 51
          +2
          "... Peace of mind is more important,
          And women are the last thing! "(C).
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 24 October 2019 20: 15
            +3
            "For every spouse
            Angrier than any spouse "(c).
  • sivuch
    sivuch 24 October 2019 08: 42
    +4
    Now it is clear to everyone that all the troubles are from women? laughing
    By the way, it was said that the Austrians themselves provoked the last escapade of Murat
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 11: 06
      +8
      Now it is clear to everyone that all the troubles are from women?

      "All women are witches! And those that are older are certainly witches! " (N.V. Gogol) wink
      In August 1813, near Dresden, Murat won his last victory, overthrowing the Austrian troops of Schwarzenberg.

      The cuirassier division of General Bordesul faced the Austrian division built in the square. Bordesul invited the Austrians to surrender, which was rejected by the Austrian general. Then Bordesul told the general that not one of his guns could shoot (it was raining - approx. Panet Kohanku). To this, the Austrian general objected that his people would fight back with bayonets, and the French horses bogged in the mud on their hooves and could not crush with pressure.
      “I'll smash your square with artillery.”
      “But you don't have her.” The guns are stuck in the mud.
      “Well, if I show you the tools behind my regiment, will you give up?”
      - I will have no other choice, because I can not defend myself.
      Then the French general brought down 6 guns, their attendants held burning wicks, preparing for the opening of fire. Only then did the Austrian division lay down its arms.


      such kind of gentlemanly relations! request lol
    2. Astra wild
      Astra wild 24 October 2019 22: 00
      0
      Yes, there’s a whole bunch of misogynists: Vladkub, V.O.Vy. joke
  • gorenina91
    gorenina91 24 October 2019 09: 25
    +4
    The following year, at the Battle of Preisis Eilau, Murat led a massive attack by the French cavalry (“attack 80 squadrons”), which the British historian Chandler called “one of the greatest cavalry attacks in history”


    -It wasn’t all that easy for the French at Preisis Eilau ... -there was Napoleon’s military talent ...- almost then Napoleon himself was almost captured ... -and only at the very last moment, literally by a miracle. ..- Murat managed to recapture Napoleon from the Cossacks ...
  • Catfish
    Catfish 24 October 2019 12: 11
    +5
    Valery, thanks for the delicious and beautiful material. You are, as always, on top and gladden us sinners. smile good
    I had a legitimate question here, and Olga Voynich, incidentally, did not write off the execution of her hero Gadfly from the execution of Murat? Well, not verbatim, of course, but it hurts too much ...
    “Do your duty. Aim for the heart, save my face. Fire!"
    1. AK1972
      AK1972 24 October 2019 13: 13
      +7
      Quote: Sea Cat
      I had a legitimate question here, and Olga Voynich, incidentally, did not write off the execution of her hero Gadfly from the execution of Murat?

      If sclerosis does not change me, Voynich was called Ethel Lilian. And what I wrote off is very likely very similar scenes.
  • kalibr
    kalibr 24 October 2019 18: 21
    +1
    Quote: AK1972
    And what I wrote off is very likely very similar scenes.

    They only shot at Ovoda three times ...
    Quote: Pane Kohanku
    there is also an article by Vyacheslav Olegovich

    Three articles ... three domestic tape recorders, and three jackets ... suede with fur!
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 24 October 2019 18: 38
      +2
      Three articles ... three domestic tape recorders, and three jackets ... suede with fur!

      Yes, I saw that I also came out about helmets. You are on stage all evening tonight! wink I’ll get home, I’ll take a look. yes
    2. vladcub
      vladcub 24 October 2019 19: 33
      +2
      V.O. Have you remembered the film "Ivan Vasilievich Changes His Profession"?
  • vladcub
    vladcub 24 October 2019 19: 10
    +3
    However, the family was about Napoleon: "the reason for his betrayal is in his wife" in his own sister Carolina! It is also believed that the Corsicans honor family ties.
    Than having such "relatives" is better to be an orphan
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 24 October 2019 21: 15
    +1
    Quote: Pan Kohanku
    Here cats like to spoil the soul!

    from our table to yours. fellow Please! soldier so to speak, than we can ... repeat

    More points to break? Just kidding
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 25 October 2019 09: 15
      +3
      More points to break? Just kidding

      yeah, smash him. what Anton himself will beat anyone he likes, he has the costs of the profession - to be in good shape. request we will act differently, like cats - quietly, in sneakers, sir .... wink
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 24 October 2019 21: 55
    +2
    Valery, I am glad that you did not leave us without your work for a long time.
    Excuse me, but I have two comments about your illustrations.
    The first is not so much for the illustration as for the signature: "" Napoleon Bonoparte commands the suppression of the popular uprising "as I remember from history: the nobles staged an armed rebellion against the government in 1795. Napoleon then distinguished himself by not being at a loss and shooting the rebels from cannons. Royalists are also not all the people, although the royalists were very popular in the south of France, so some part of the people supported the royalists?
    Second remark: have the suicide bombers been offered a chair? I understand that you are not to blame for this illustration, you are not its author, and therefore this is more likely not a remark, but bewilderment
    1. VLR
      24 October 2019 23: 01
      +2
      The signature to the engraving of the suppression of the mutiny is by its author, in the text of the article I use the word "mutiny". Well, and the chair next to the executed Murat - this is how the artist saw this scene. Maybe he used some eyewitness stories, maybe he speculated.
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 24 October 2019 22: 10
    +2
    Quote: Korsar4
    "For every spouse
    Angrier than any spouse "(c).

    It seems I read something similar from Kipling, but maybe I'm wrong?
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 25 October 2019 05: 30
      +1
      Of course, this is Kipling.
      1. Igorpl
        Igorpl 27 October 2019 23: 53
        0
        R. Kipling seems like that scum - the gate of a hundred sorrows.
  • Igorpl
    Igorpl 27 October 2019 23: 47
    +1
    Interesting article, thank you.