Military Review

Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War: For Faith and Fatherland!

17
The theme of the participation of the Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War continues to be the basis for many speculations and speculations based on outright lies. Falsifiers stories, like parasites, multiplied on the body of the dead Soviet empire, taking advantage of a certain impunity and fulfilling a clear political order of their foreign masters, they conducted and still continue to conduct their disinformational subversive activities, distorting the fundamental tenets of the history of the Great Patriotic War, blackening the memory of her fighters who fought against global evil, the personification of which in the first half of 20 century was German Nazism. Falsifiers of the history of the Fatherland actively exploit the theme of the participation of the Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War on the side of Germany. Numerous online publications and materials of some mass media devoted to this really difficult and insufficiently studied topic emphasize that the transfer of the Cossacks to the enemy was massive, and the number of Cossacks who fought on the Wehrmacht side significantly exceeded the number of Cossacks who swore allegiance to the Red Army - pseudo-scientific works actively replicated both mechanically and deliberately, in pursuit of "sensations" and "revelations." The material of publications devoted to this issue is presented one-sidedly and clearly biased, which makes it possible to call them not only pseudoscientific, but simply frankly deceitful, serving the goals of the information war being waged not only against the Cossacks, but also against Russia and its citizens. The official Soviet historiography contributed to the possibility of distorting the facts related to the participation of the Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War, which assigned the Cossacks a worthy place only in the pre-revolutionary history of Russia and did not recognize the mistakes made by the Soviet authorities in connection with the story.


Cossacks in the Great Patriotic War: For Faith and Fatherland!


We will state from the very beginning that the statement about the mass character of the transfer of the Cossacks to the side of the German army in World War II is a lie! In fact, only a few of the atamans turned to the side of the enemy, and on the side of the Red Army fought Cossack cavalry divisions, 40 Cossack cavalry regiments, 5 tank regiments, 8 mortar regiments and divisions, 2 anti-aircraft regiments and a number of other units, fully equipped with Cossacks of all troops. With the money of the Cossacks, several tank columns were built - "Kooperator Don", "Don Cossack" and "Osoaviakhimovets Don".

It should be said that the fate of the Cossacks after the upheavals of the 1917 year and the fratricidal distemper that followed them simply could not develop simply and unequivocally. Cossacks from time immemorial were at the forefront of any armed struggle, and their love of freedom and devotion to his ideals, of course, went against the policy of the Soviet state on the story and other repression against the age-old opera of the Russian state - the Cossacks. The storytelling and theomachism painfully struck these freedom-loving people, some of whom chose to betray the continuation of their main business - the defense of the Fatherland from an external enemy. The absolute majority of the Cossacks, despite all the insults that the Soviet government inflicted on them, faithfully kept their oath of allegiance and simply defended Russia, its people and the Holy Faith of Christ. The shame of the traitors, who are committed to oblivion, is endless, and there is no excuse for it, and the glory of the faithful to the oath and the truth of the Victors will live for centuries!

Cossacks entered the fight with the enemy from the first hours of the war. The first Cossacks who entered into battle with the German units on the Western Front were the Cossacks of the 94-Beloglinsky regiment. The fighters of this unit fought with the enemy, advancing in the direction of Lomza, in the hours of general confusion that reigned around - early morning 22 June 1941.

24 June 1941 of the year in the village of Veshenskaya hosted a large detachment of Cossacks. The writer Mikhail Sholokhov addressed the Cossacks with a parting word: “We are sure that you will continue the glorious military traditions and will beat the enemy, as your ancestors beat Napoleon, as your fathers were Germanic Kaiser troops”.

Voluntary hundreds were actively forming in the villages. Cossacks came to assembly points by families with their own uniforms. For example, the Cossack PS Kurkin led the militia detachment of Donts of forty people.

Along with the cavalry of the Kuban and Territories were formed Plastun Cossack Division.

In the summer of 1941, the Don Cossack Cavalry Division commanded by N. V. Mikhailov-Berezovsky was launched in the Rostov Region. The militia formed the Azov Don Cossack Cavalry Regiment (later the 257 Don Cossack Cavalry Regiment). Another 116 th Don Cavalry Division, commanded by a hereditary Don Cossack, a veteran of the First Cavalry Army, Colonel Peter Yakovlevich Strepukhov, included the 258 and 259 th Don Cossack cavalry regiments.

By the beginning of the autumn 1941 of the Orenburg Cossacks of the Chkalov region were formed 89-I (subsequently renamed the 11-th cavalry division named after F. Morozov) and 91-I cavalry Cossack divisions. By the beginning of winter 1941, the 15-I special Don Cossack Cavalry Division was formed.



The heroism shown by the Cossacks in the Battle of Moscow is especially remembered. The squadron of the 37 regiment from the Caucasian group of L. M. Dovator led by lieutenant Vladimir Krasilnikov led a desperate battle with the advancing infantry and the Nazi tanks. In two hours, the valiant Cossacks repulsed three violent attacks of the enemy, destroyed 5 tanks and around 100 fascist infantry. In that battle only seven Cossacks survived.

At the beginning of 1942, the Cossack volunteer divisions were enlisted in the personnel of the Soviet armed forces and put on full state support. In March 1942, as a result of the unification of two Don and two Kuban divisions, the 17 Cossack Cavalry Corps was formed, under the command of the most experienced military leader, veteran of the First World and Civil War, Major General N. Ya. Kirichenko. 2 August 1942, under the village of Kushchevskaya, the fighters of this Cossack unit, which was part of the 12-th Terek-Kuban, 13-th Kuban and 116-th Don Cossack Divisions, stopped the German attack on Krasnodar from Rostov. The Cossacks destroyed about 1800 the Nazis, took 300 prisoners, captured 18 guns and 25 mortars.

In 1943, the formation of horse-mechanized groups began. The groups had excellent mobility, because the horse was still used for transitions, and during the battle, so as not to be an easy target for rifle and artillery weapons the enemy, the cavalry dismounted and acted like ordinary infantry. Cossacks skillfully used their traditional skills in the changed conditions of combat.
The Cossack units played a huge role in the liberation of Europe and in the decisive Berlin operation - it was not the first time for the Cossacks to liberate Europe.

With the transition of the strategic initiative to the Red Army and the beginning of its advance to the west, the role of the Cossacks continued to increase. As part of the 1 of the Byelorussian Front, the Cossacks of the 7 Guards Cavalry Corps, Lieutenant General Konstantinov and 3 Guards Cavalry Corps, Lieutenant General Oslikovsky were driving the enemy to the West. Having fought 250 for kilometers, defeated the famous Fascist division “Hermann Goering” and three more Nazi divisions and captured more than 14 000 soldiers and officers of the enemy, the Cossack 3 Guards Cossack Corps captured the German Lenten region and the Lentsen district and captured the Lenten district and the Lenten region. Elba, where Soviet troops first established a direct connection with the forces of the Anglo-American allies. It is not by chance that in the famous song of Caesar Solodar “Cossacks in Berlin”, written in May 1945, the following words are heard: “... it’s not for the first time for us to drink Cossack horses from a foreign river”!



7 Guards Cavalry Corps was tasked to seize the area Sandhausen, Oranienburg and thereby prepare the attack of Soviet troops on Berlin from the north. By 22 on April, the combat mission assigned to the corps was completed, and in the occupied territories about 35000 prisoners were freed from concentration camps.

For their accomplishments and heroism, shown in battles with the enemy, thousands of Cossacks were awarded military orders and medals, and 262 Cossacks became Heroes of the Soviet Union.

I would like to believe that the memory of the contribution of the Cossacks to the victory over fascism will be carefully preserved by descendants, and the falsification of history, blackening the image of the Russian Cossack and questioning the enormous role of the Cossacks in the defense of the Fatherland, will have no place in our information space.

Prepared based on the sites:
http://kazakwow.ru
http://www.kazakirossii.ru/
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  1. kuzmich
    kuzmich 3 July 2012 09: 59
    +5
    Cossacks gained their fame in heroic battles, it is not possible to denigrate this glory. Even if the Cossacks are reborn, the memory of their exploits and benefits for the Russian people will live forever!
    Every plowman, every warrior.
  2. hauptmannzimermann
    hauptmannzimermann 3 July 2012 11: 07
    +6
    Cossack family, no translation.
    1. Ross
      Ross 3 July 2012 19: 16
      +2
      hauptmannzimermann,
      Right! A plus.
      http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=U_MGXFNo7Rk&feature=related
  3. aksai61
    aksai61 3 July 2012 12: 13
    +5
    Cossacks have always been wars! From the Aksai yurt 11 heroes of the Soviet Union. Gulaev N.D.- twice !! These are pilots, marines, sappers, mortars, all kinds of troops ... They fought for their homeland !!!!!
  4. sichevik
    sichevik 3 July 2012 12: 32
    +4
    It has always been that way. Where the Cossacks are, there is valor and heroism. And it cannot be otherwise, because the Cossacks are the most ancient military class of the Slavs, which have glorified themselves for centuries. It is not for nothing that the Cossacks, and not only the Cossacks, but all the Cossacks, going into the attack, shouted: "GLORY !!!".
  5. The centurion
    The centurion 3 July 2012 14: 18
    +2
    On 20 on April 1936, the Central Executive Committee of the USSR adopted a resolution abolishing restrictions on the service of Cossacks in the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army. This decision received great support in Cossack circles. In accordance with the order of the People's Commissar of Defense K. E. Voroshilov N 67 from 23 on April 1936, some cavalry divisions received Cossack status. In the Don and the North Caucasus, territorial Cossack cavalry divisions began to be created. Among others, in February 1937 in the North Caucasus Military District, the Consolidated Cavalry Division was formed as part of the Don, Kuban, Terek-Stavropol Cossack regiments and a regiment of highlanders. This division participated in a military parade on Red Square in Moscow on 1 on May 1937. All those present were amazed at the high training of the Cossacks, who galloped twice over the wet paving stones of the square. Cossacks have shown that they are ready, as before, to defend the Motherland with their breasts.
    The special act restored the wearing of the previously forbidden Cossack uniform. In 1936, a ceremonial uniform for Cossack units was approved. In this form, the Cossacks marched in the military parade 1 on May 1937 and on the Victory Parade 24 on June 1945 on Red Square.
  6. Brother Sarych
    Brother Sarych 3 July 2012 14: 35
    -1
    That's how it is, but you won’t erase the words from the song - there were quite a few Cossacks on the other side too!
    Something I don’t really like the title - for what kind of faith did our Cossacks fight? For the Motherland - I agree, but somehow it’s not worth it to drag in the faith ...
    Have you forgotten these?

    The 4th Guards Kuban Cossack Cavalry Corps (4th Guards Kk.) - cavalry formation of the Red Army cavalry in the Armed Forces of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War.
    On January 1, 1942, by order of the Supreme High Command Headquarters, the 17th Cossack Cavalry Corps was formed in the North Caucasus Military District in the Krasnodar Territory. The formation took place on Cossack funds from the Kuban Cossack volunteers. For military services on August 27, 1942 he was renamed the 4th Guards. Tens of thousands of his soldiers were awarded orders and medals, the 22nd was awarded the knowledge of the Hero of the Soviet Union.
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 3 July 2012 22: 51
      0
      I must add that not only Cossacks fought in the Soviet Cossack units. as usual, people often fell into military units on a routine basis. they recorded the former carpenter in the cavalry - he is in the cavalry and serves, although he would be the sappers - that’s it.

      but on the other side less fought. all Cossacks were brought together in a single corps under the command of von Panwitz. many who fought in Panwitz’s corps were from emigrant circles. how many Soviet citizens fought in the corps remains to be seen.
      1. The centurion
        The centurion 4 July 2012 08: 13
        +2
        Quote: Zynaps
        but on the other side less fought. all Cossacks were brought together in a single corps under the command of von Panwitz. many who fought in Panwitz’s corps were from emigrant circles. how many Soviet citizens fought in the corps remains to be seen.

        Most of the Cossacks who found themselves in exile were opponents of fascism, many Cossacks fought in the Allied forces and participated in resistance movements of various countries. But the Hitler regime made quite successful attempts to use some of the Cossacks in the interests of fascism. During the war, the command of the German army began to create "Cossack units" for use at the front and for the fight against partisans. Conductors of this idea were the former Don Ataman General Krasnov and the Kuban Cossack General Shkuro. In the summer of 1942, Mr. Krasnov published an appeal to the Cossacks of the Don, Kuban and Terek, in which he urged them to fight against the Soviet regime on the side of Germany. Krasnov declared that the Cossacks would not fight against Russia, but against the Communists for the liberation of the Cossacks from the "Soviet yoke." In October 1942 in Novocherkassk occupied by German troops, with the permission of German authorities, a Cossack gathering took place, at which the headquarters of the Don Army was elected. The organization of Cossack formations as part of the Wehrmacht begins, both in the occupied territories and in the emigrant environment.
        Despite active propaganda and promises by the beginning of 1943, Krasnov managed to assemble only two small regiments of a three-squadron composition. They mainly performed security functions and fought against partisans in the Don, and then in Belarus and Ukraine.
        In November 1942, the German cavalry colonel von Panwitz was instructed to form a cavalry corps of Kuban and Terek Cossacks to protect the communications of the German army and fight against partisans. The corps was mainly formed of captured Red Army soldiers from camps located in the Kuban. In April 1943, Mr. Panwitz was able to create a division of two brigades, which was called the "Cossack". In September 1943, in view of the numerous cases of the transfer of Cossacks from German units to the side of the Red Army or partisans, the German command decided to remove the Cossacks from the Soviet-German front and transfer them to other theaters of war.
        In March 1944, as the special administrative and political body to attract the Cossacks to their side and control the Cossack units by the Germans, the "Main Directorate of Cossack Troops" was formed, headed by Krasnov. In the summer of the same year, Panwitz’s division was subordinated to the SS leadership and was named the “15th SS Cossack Corps”. After the unification of most Cossack units, the total number of corps reached up to 25 000 soldiers and officers, including from 3000 to 5000 Germans. The 15th Cossack Cavalry Corps of the SS fought in the territory of the Independent State of Croatia against the People's Liberation Army of Yugoslavia. The Cossacks took an active part in the suppression of the Warsaw Uprising in August 1944. He took over the corps and took a direct part in the operations against the Red Army: in December 1944, the 15-th Cossack Cavalry Corps SS fought with the Soviet units on the Drava River.
        In addition, at the final stage of the war, the 15 Cossack Corps included such formations as the Kalmyk Regiment (up to 5000 people), the Caucasian cavalry division, the Ukrainian SS battalion and a group of ROA tankers. Given these formations, G. von Panwitz was 1 — 1945 thousand people under the command of the lieutenant general and groupführer of the SS troops (from February 30 February 35 years).
        Pictured is Skuro and von Panwitz.
  7. Yemelya
    Yemelya 3 July 2012 20: 57
    0
    On this topic I recommend: P. Krikunov "Cossacks. Between Hitler and Stalin".
    1. Zynaps
      Zynaps 3 July 2012 23: 08
      0
      usually books with the titles "Z between X and Y" have a content value equal to the value of spoiled toilet paper. for the conflict between the Cossacks and the Russian state should be considered approximately from the beginning of the XNUMXth century, when the authorities (Kuropatkin in particular) wanted to severely curtail Cossack liberties, but first the Russian-Japanese war, and then WWI prevented. The Donets did not support either the Kornilov Ice Campaign or the “democrat” Alekseev at all, because both had plans to redistribute the lands of the Great Don Army, which had long since turned into a huge offshore. the showdown between the Bolsheviks and the Don Cossacks is just a continuation of the old conflict.
      1. The centurion
        The centurion 4 July 2012 07: 53
        0
        Quote: Zynaps
        The Donets did not support either the Kornilov Ice Campaign or the “democrat” Alekseev at all, because both had plans to redistribute the lands of the Great Don Army, which had long since turned into a huge offshore. the showdown between the Bolsheviks and the Don Cossacks is just a continuation of the old conflict.

        The true truth. The tale was started by the tsarist government, the Bolshevik-Trotskyists forced it. Caused by the pre-war reforms and the failures of the First World War, the indifference of the Cossacks to the tsarist regime gave a respite and an opportunity for the Bolsheviks to gain a foothold in power and the opportunity to win the civil war. On the sidelines of the outbreak of civil war, the white Cossacks of Shkuro fought with the red Cossacks of Budenny, the red Cossacks of Mironov fought with the white Cossacks of Mamontov, the white Cossacks of Dutov fought with the red Cossacks of Kashirin, and so on ... At the same time, on this and the other side were the best sons of Don, the Kuban Ural, etc. A bloody whirlwind swept over the Cossack lands. My deceased grandmother said: "They divided into white and red and let each other chop for the joy of the Jewish commissars."
        1. bashir141
          bashir141 5 August 2013 20: 11
          0
          "According to the documented materials of the Special Investigative Commission for the Investigation of the Atrocities of the Bolsheviks, the number of people shot by the Reds in the second half of 1918-1919 on the territory of the troops of the Don, Kuban and Stavropol Territory amounted to 5 598 people, of which 3 442 people were shot on the Don, 2 142 people - on At the same time, the historian L. Futoryansky notes that the numbers contained in the materials of the commission are exaggerated, and in the same period, during the White Terror, carried out under the Krasnov regime, according to various sources, from 25 to 40 thousand Cossacks were destroyed. On the same issue, Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Pavel Golub gives the following data: "... in total during the Krasnovshchina, that is, from May 1918 to February 1919, at least 45 thousand supporters of Soviet power on the Don were brutally exterminated"
        2. lexe
          lexe 5 August 2013 21: 09
          +1
          The tale was started by the tsarist government, its Bolsheviks-Trotskyists forced. Caused by the pre-war reforms and the failures of the First World War, the indifference of the Cossacks to the tsarist regime gave a respite and an opportunity for the Bolsheviks to gain a foothold in power and the opportunity to win the civil war.

          FORCED! ???Yes, you are clearly delirious ...
          Who accelerated the color revolution of 1905?
          So the tsar began and Trotsky deepened and Stalin added so what?
          The first world Russian people won de facto. But this war was already mobilization and mass. If the monarchy lasted and along with it the Russian peasant in the village grew stronger and didn’t notice, the oversight functions of the Cossacks would partially disappear. it won’t work ... The horse lost its former role in the battle.
          However, the king did not want to lose his loyal subjects, with a persistent fighting spirit.
          Rather, the question was how to give the Cossacks a worthwhile job, this delay in the response time and pleased the Cossacks. I am sure the monarchy would find an answer to this question. Quality as a freemen under 500 million Russian strong people by the middle of the 20th century. the monarchy was hardly scared. But with a much smaller population in the USSR, it was a threat to atheist power.
          And with the well-known leaders, a wormhole of enmity between the Cossack and the people aroused, they say, we will pay you back for everything for your whips. They divided and dominated.
          So do not look for the connection between the common work of the tsar and the commissar of Trotsky, she is not.
  8. Magadan
    Magadan 4 July 2012 05: 20
    0
    We have laws against libel only for the benefit of thieves and bureaucrats working. There, if anything, they start yelling about "black PR". And the fact that they pour slop on our ancestors and our history is so please. I believe that if at least someone in the media expressed their thoughts, insulting my ancestors, then let him bring convincing evidence of this, and, if necessary, in court. When these liars start hitting the wallet, then, I hope, there will be less diarrhea from them.
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 5 July 2012 00: 55
      0
      We have laws against libel only for the benefit of thieves and bureaucrats.
      --
      We are discussing the Cossacks in the Second World War. Not a word on the topic. But the whole post is about the "thief and bureaucrats". Maybe you made a mistake with the site?
  9. eSid
    eSid 5 July 2012 11: 50
    0





















    Konstantin Iosifovich Nedoruboin (May 21, 1889 - December 13, 1978) - Hero of the Soviet Union, full St. George Knight, squadron commander, guard captain.

    Awards
    Soviet state awards:
    Gold Star Medal No. 1302 Hero of the Soviet Union (October 26, 1943)
    2 Orders of Lenin (October 26, 1943, ???)
    Order of the Red Banner (September 6, 1942)
    medals, including:
    Medal "For the Defense of the Caucasus"
    medal "For the victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
    medal "50 years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
    State Awards of the Russian Empire:
    Full St. George's bow

    Actually, that’s it.
  10. Amalek
    Amalek 8 July 2012 21: 48
    0
    The falsifiers of history, like parasites that have multiplied in the body of the deceased Soviet empire, taking advantage of the well-known impunity and carrying out a clear political order of their foreign masters, have conducted and still continue to conduct their misinformation subversive activities, distorting the fundamental postulates of the history of the Great Patriotic War, vilifying the memory of its fighters, struggling with world evil, the personification of which in the first half of the 20th century was German Nazism.

    The proposal of the authors of the appeal to the president on replacing the stars on the Kremlin towers with the double-headed eagle is antihistorical, anti-state and anti-Orthodox ", in his opinion, the stars on the Kremlin towers are" not only a confirmation of the statement of the Russian Federation about its succession with the Soviet Union, but these stars are also perceived all as a symbol of our Victory in the Great Patriotic War, as well as a symbol of modern Russian statehood.
    laughing
  11. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 7 May 2015 10: 24
    +1
    Glory and Honor to the Grandfathers and Great-Grandfathers of the Cossacks! bow to the earth! Do not shame your honor!