Military Review

Management ship "Angara": Hitler's former yacht and other myths. Part of 1

35
History the Angara ship of control is so full of myths and myths that even the original name of the future Angara, Aviso Hela or simply Hela, is still questionable. Therefore, despite all the controversies and disagreements, let's start from the beginning.


23 November (according to other data, 21, th) 1937 of the year in Hamburg shipyard "Stulken-Zon" was laid the ship control submarine forces of Germany - the floating base of submarines. And here begins the debunking of the myth of Hitler's yacht. This vessel was never intended for Hitler. The previous staff ship, upgraded from the minesweeper in 1923 year, was already outdated and did not meet the tasks and modern realities, therefore, the hull of the new ship began to grow on the stocks of Hamburg. That he will be destined to become "Angara".

28 December 1938, the new ship was launched. Freshly "manager" had the following characteristics. The hull length was 99,6 m, the width of the upper deck - 13,74 m, draft - 3,8 m (up to 4,05 m). Two diesel engines (presumably firms MAN) total power 4720 hp allowed to reach speeds up to 16 nodes, it is worthwhile to clarify that the ship was able to give the 21 a course node on tests. The cruising range with an economical course of around 15 nodes was 2000 miles.


"Hela" with a crew built on the tank. At the stern, the flag of the navy of Nazi Germany is visible

The crew, according to some sources, could reach up to 259 sailors and officers, according to others - up to 190 people. In both cases, this number of crews was explained by the presence of a large volume of radio equipment in view of the tasks assigned to the control ship. In addition, the future Angara was equipped with the most advanced navigation equipment, an echo sounder, and also carried weapons on its board - two 105-mm guns in the bow and stern, one 37-mm SKC / 30 gun and two 20-mm Flak 30 guns There were also 15 guest cabins for staff officers and even a desalination plant for the needs of the crew and submarine guests. It was originally planned to install aviation catapult for Arado reconnaissance aircraft, but even before the start of construction, this idea was abandoned.

So what is the name of the ship carrying control on your board? Extremely often, the name “Aviso Hela” appears in a variety of sources, even trustworthy ones, which are also translated as “Running on the Waves” or “Running on the Wave”. First, I could not find a language from which the name “Aviso Hela” would translate as “Running” (wherever). And, secondly, why suddenly the gloomy Teutonic genius, for whom the limit of grace is Prussian barracks and Krupp steel, hit the lyrics of Heinrich Heine?


Well visible weapons "Hela"

Most likely, there was no “Aviso Hela” at all. More precisely, the ship was, but it was called aviso "Hela". In this case, aviso (translated as “notification”) is not a popular term for the class of a ship. The advice notes were small, fairly high-speed warships that performed reconnaissance functions and, naturally, on the basis of translation, served as a kind of "messengers" performing control functions. Thus, built according to an individual project in a single copy and meeting all the characteristics of the “advice” class, “Hela” was often referred to this class.

Less than two years after the installation of all the necessary modern equipment in October 1940, Hela was incorporated into the Kriegsmarine. The first captain of the ship was Paul Schulz, the corvette captain, later Oswald Neumann replaced him in this post, who served as commander of the ship until the end of the war. The ship itself during the entire service in Germany was part of the unit commanded by Rear Admiral Leopold Siemens.

Management ship "Angara": Hitler's former yacht and other myths. Part of 1


Naturally, the service as part of the German fleet the ship was saturated, but considering that it was the estate of Dönitz himself, very little is known about this period of the “staff ”’s life. According to various legends, the first persons of the Reich - Adolf Hitler, Hermann Goering, Martin Bormann, Heinrich Himmler, Rudolf Hess, etc., boarded the Hela. Again, according to legend, Hitler himself traveled to Hela. True, the journey was short, the ship in May 1941 brought him aboard the Bismarck and after a hysterical speech Adik returned the Fuhrer to the shore. But most likely this is just a legend, because to believe that the control ship of the submariner Karl Dönitz, whose “wolf packs” fought the battle for the Atlantic, was chartered to work as a pleasure yacht even for such a high-ranking scumbag.

In 1945, slightly damaged after the Hela air raid was captured by the Allies in the port of Eckenfjord, north of Hamburg. After the defeat of Germany by the decision of the Allied Commission for the division of the Nazi fleet, the ship Hela was transferred to the Soviet Union and transferred from Kiel to Swinemunde. And again, and in this case in the history of "Hela" there is a legend. When dividing ships, the floating “headquarters” Dönitz was recorded in destroyers. When the greedy demagogy of the Allies brought Vice Admiral Gordey Levchenko to white-hot, he cut the sheets with the names of German ships and scooped them all into his cap. As a result, according to the lot, we got the control ship, Levchenko “pulled it out” from the cap.


"Hela" in "blinding" camouflage

Initially, the ship was planned to be included in the Black Sea Fleet. For this purpose, a distillation team was formed in Sevastopol, not only hearsay familiar with the German ship mechanisms and the rest. When the team arrived in the Baltic, the decision was changed and left the former “Hela” in Baltiysk. Thus, 18 December 1945, our military officially adopted the ship, and he joined the Baltic Fleet. And on January 20 1946, the Soviet Naval Flag was hoisted on the ship. In March, the command approved the staff: 14 officers, 48 foremen, 118 sailors. Total - 180 man crew. 15 April 1946 of the year “Hela” was officially renamed Angara by order of the Navy Minister. Thus began the Soviet life of the former staff ship Karl Doenitz.

From 1946 to 1949, Angara actively participated in the campaigns and exercises of the Baltic Fleet. The elegant “Angara” with its subtle hull lines even made a long transition from the Baltic to the Northern Fleet. Under the flag of the vice-admiral Lev Vladimirsky, head of the naval schools, a detachment of ships in the Angara and the training ship Neman left the Baltic, rounded Scandinavia and entered Belushya Bay on Novaya Zemlya. "Angara" in those years made a real voyage to the north with a call in Murmansk, Arkhangelsk, Gremikha and Vaenga, which was attended by cadets of the Higher Naval School named after M.V. Frunze.

In 1949, the ship was unexpectedly transferred to the Black Sea, and already on July 9 of the same year, the Angara was officially incorporated into the Black Sea Fleet. 29 August 1948, captain-lieutenant Berngald, replaced the 3 captain of the Brovkin rank in his post, and he was engaged in the transition from the Baltic to the Black Sea, or rather from Baltiysk to Sevastopol. In total, during his career, the ship was commanded by ten commanders in the Soviet fleet.


"Angara", already in the Navy of the USSR

The Black Sea service of "Angara" made the already myth-covered ship just legendary. Very soon, the Black Sea "Angara" began to be called "the royal yacht." Some gossiped that serving here was just a privilege and a sinecure, which naturally was pure myth. Firstly, since the ship was a staff building, this imposed a special responsibility on the crew. Secondly, almost immediately after the transfer to the Black Sea on the "Angara", or rather, on her team, the honorable duty to work as a representative ship and an unofficial pleasure craft of high government officials fell. I think you should not explain that the crew was required to keep the "Angar" in impeccable form. At that time, the ship had long lost its camouflage and was more like an elegant tilt of the masts towards the stern and the graceful silhouette of a snow-white hull that was a luxury yacht.

Only for 1954-55 years, USSR Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov, Defense Minister Nikolai Alexandrovich Bulganin, Chinese Defense Minister Peng Dehuai, Burma’s Prime Minister Wu, etc., boarded the Angara. Already from such a set of comrades with a characteristic “visit-effect” in any crew, the mood will wilt. For all the time, Angara met onboard Gorshkov and Vasilevsky, Suslov and Voroshilov, Khrushchev and Mikoyan, Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi, Mohammed Zahir Shah and Urho Kekkonen and so on.

To be continued ...
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  1. Ham
    Ham 16 October 2018 05: 53
    +7
    "" "because it is difficult to believe that the command ship of the submariner Karl Dönitz, whose" wolf packs "fought the battle for the Atlantic, were chartered to work as a pleasure yacht even for such a high-ranking bastard" ""
    why is it difficult? Do you think Grand Admiral Doenitz would have clamped down his own command ship for his Fuehrer? I generally think that "Adik" could "swim" on any ship, regardless of Denitz's wishes and desires ... and if that Denitz (convicted war criminal), as a p-k, did not go far from his Fuhrer
  2. Conductor
    Conductor 16 October 2018 07: 58
    +3
    for the destroyer this Westerners have certainly turned brown
    1. BAI
      BAI 16 October 2018 09: 29
      +1
      Could and auxiliary cruiser called.
      1. Conductor
        Conductor 16 October 2018 11: 08
        0
        Yes. could. pocket battleships were. so why not be. auxiliary battleship.
      2. Trilobite Master
        Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 11: 14
        +1
        Quote: BAI
        Could and auxiliary cruiser called.

        Yes, they would be allowed and would be called a battleship. smile
        And the laiba was beautiful. Still, the "gloomy Teutonic genius" is capable of generating not only heavy angular structures. The ships from the Germans turned out to be a feast for the eyes.
  3. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 16 October 2018 08: 04
    +2
    A new topic has begun. Thank.
  4. Curious
    Curious 16 October 2018 10: 58
    +7
    Most likely, there was no Aviso Hela at all. More precisely, the ship was, but it was called aviso "Hela".
    Honestly, it’s not clear where and from whom the problem is with identification, except on the Internet, where many different fables roam. All foreign directories indicate Aviso / Flottentender Hela and there is no problem.
    Moreover, in the history of Kriegsmarine, the Hela ship is considered the last of the type of advice note.
    Perhaps the confusion went from this or a similar photo.

    This is an album of ship schemes and the team’s timetable for various situations fur "Aviso Hela"..
    Perhaps this is just a technical error., Since aviso Hela / is already printed on the next sheet
    1. Curious
      Curious 16 October 2018 11: 01
      +3

      This is the second sheet of the specified album. As you can see - aviso "Hela".
      1. Curious
        Curious 16 October 2018 11: 21
        +6
        Likewise, the translation of the name as "running on the waves" can be attributed to the area of ​​exclusively Internet legends.
        The first ship with the name "Hela" appeared in the Prussian fleet in 1853. It was a wooden schooner.

        It is named after the sandy thirty-five-kilometer bar Hela, it is also sometimes called the peninsula.
        Located near present Gdansk (formerly Danzig).
        Since then, this name exists in the German fleet. The 1895 Aviso Hela built in 1895 participated in World War I and became the first German ship sunk by a British submarine.
        And the M135 minesweeper, used as an alottentender, also had the name Hela.
        Well, about Hitler. There is no legend here. On May 5, 1941, Hitler did indeed arrive at Gotenhafen aboard Hela to navigate the Bismarck raid.
    2. Trilobite Master
      Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 12: 46
      +3
      Quote: Curious
      Honestly, it is not clear where and from whom the problem with identification, except on the Internet, where many different fictions wanders.

      Nevertheless,
      http://www.kchf.ru/ship/vspomog/angara.htm
      I understand that this is the official site of the Black Sea Fleet. We read:
      Ship history:
      Trophy ship
      The German submarine command ship, the submarine base "Aviso Hela", was laid down at the Stülken-Zone shipyard in Hamburg (Germany) on November 21.11.1937, 28.12.1938. Launched on December 16.10.1940, XNUMX, entered service German Navy XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX

      So the legend, from where it would not have appeared, has already migrated to official sources.
      1. Curious
        Curious 16 October 2018 13: 01
        +9
        Alas, these are the costs of the evolution of the Vernadsky noosphere. So far, the awareness that information from the Internet and literary remodels since about the 90s of the last century needs to be double-checked has not taken root in the minds of people. Therefore, a great multitude of all kinds of nonsense wanders in the information field, giving rise to whole discussions and investigations, refutations and investigations around him.
        1. Trilobite Master
          Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 14: 52
          +6
          Quote: Curious
          Alas, these are the costs of the evolution of Vernadsky's noosphere.

          I'm afraid that we are still far away from Vernadsky's noosphere, in the form in which he imagined it ... and it's not a fact that we'll get there. Vernadsky lived at a time when books, at worst, newspapers were the main storehouse and, accordingly, the source of information. Under these conditions, the possibilities to pour out the stream of one's consciousness into the surrounding world, at the very least, one way or another, were limited at least simply by the laziness of the author or by the arbitrariness of the editor - already something. Now that these barriers have been removed and everyone with a mobile phone with a camera and access to the Internet is able to bring their mental, and often meaningless, experiments (I almost wrote "excrement") to an unlimited circle of people, the situation has changed dramatically not for the better. I think, having received comments like "Vova atstoy" or "Vofcheg is not clever" in his personal blog, as well as after "inquisitive researchers" would have found Jewish roots in him and recorded in Russophobes and Zhidomason, Vladimir Ivanovich could radically his theory revise. sad smile
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 16 October 2018 16: 03
            +4
            And what, there are still characters who write in "Albany"?
          2. Curious
            Curious 16 October 2018 16: 34
            +5
            I completely agree with you, on the one hand. On the other hand, nevertheless, modern information exchange systems and their development is only one of the processes taking place in the noosphere. Let's hope for the best.
            1. Trilobite Master
              Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 17: 18
              +5
              Quote: Curious
              modern information exchange systems and their development

              A few years ago, we argued with one friend (a civil engineer by education, by the way smile ) about what a person was able to stand out so sharply among other organisms on the planet, so it already directly affects events on a planetary scale. The starting positions were as follows: each species on the planet has some kind of "trick", peculiar only to it, an ability brought to perfection, due to which it survives. The question is: what "chip" does a person have?
              A comrade defended the point of view that a person developed his emotional component in the process of evolution, learned to experience complex and contradictory emotions, so strong that in some cases they are able to overcome even basic instincts and reflexes, which placed him above the rest of the biosphere.
              I defended the point of view according to which a person in the process of evolution improved the means of communication, that is, the means of transmitting and storing information (speech apparatus, memory, writing, etc.), thanks to which I was able to preserve the experience of previous generations not at the level of instincts and reflexes , but at a completely conscious level. This allowed him to make a leap in his development as a population, since each next generation had the opportunity to absorb the experience of the previous one in a larger volume than that of "competitors".
              Nobody, as usual, won, but the time was interesting. smile
              Looking at life from a height of years lived from that dispute, smile I can say: I would be better right. For if he is right, then mankind is clearly degrading, since the emotional spectrum of a modern person, especially a young person, according to my observations, becomes simpler, approaching primitive instincts (consumer society), while means of communication are more complicated and sophisticated.
              smile
              1. Curious
                Curious 16 October 2018 17: 41
                +3
                So Spengler was probably right, giving each culture a certain time limit from generation to decline, delimiting culture and civilization and seeing in the latter only decline, the last phase of the development of culture on the eve of its death, when creativity is replaced by imitation of innovations, their grinding?
                1. Trilobite Master
                  Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 19: 00
                  +5
                  Quote: Curious
                  So maybe Spengler was right

                  Not sure. It seems to me that he overdid it in juggling terms like "culture" and "civilization". Why assign well-known and long-used terms to newly introduced concepts? It only creates confusion. The bottom line, as far as I managed to refresh my memory (Spengler did not read, but in the course of philosophy many years ago we went through it), his concept of seeing history differs from the generally accepted one and proclaims the existence of separate "cultures" that are not related to each other and are not successive in relation to to each other. Born, developed (or not developed), died, that's it.
                  What he calls "culture" in my understanding is something closer to the concept of "civilization", the signs of which distinguish it from other civilizations are such concepts as culture, art, science, social order, religion, etc.
                  If we abstract from terms, then even in this case, the Marxist understanding of history is closer to me - the means of production, the surplus product, the socio-economic formation, the class struggle.
                  So no, Spengler is wrong. smile
                  1. Curious
                    Curious 16 October 2018 19: 16
                    +2
                    Nevertheless, there is a sound grain in this.
                  2. vladcub
                    vladcub 16 October 2018 21: 15
                    0
                    Mikhail Trilobitovich, I could confirm: yes, yes, but I won't. We were briefly read about philosophy, but we realized that Petyunya loved Socrates and memorized several sayings of Socrates and shoved him everywhere. Petyunya was pleased and at least a "fishing rod", otherwise the "chorus" was provided.
                    I remembered some names, but they didn’t read anything else to us besides ancient philosophy. Stop remembered: he still remembered Berdyaev.
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 16 October 2018 21: 49
                      +1
                      Damn, Vlad! Mikhail has already expressed his displeasure with you about the "trilobitovich"! Although I'm a punk myself, I try to respect the "status quo" of other members.
                    2. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 16 October 2018 23: 12
                      +1
                      Fine in general. Anyway, from King Solomon immediately go to Ariel Sharon. And what? Both Jews, both fought in the same region.
                      1. Trilobite Master
                        Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 23: 54
                        +2
                        Quote: 3x3zsave
                        Normal in general.

                        Well at least so. And then the majority know philosophy at the level "We also did not read everything to Schnittke" (c) V. Vishnevsky, including a complete higher education in the humanities.
                        Personally, I remember from the philosophy course most of all and Pierre Abelard seemed close, which, in general, is not surprising, since this is the 12th century. smile
        2. vladcub
          vladcub 16 October 2018 20: 54
          +2
          "generating around you whole discussions and investigations, refutations", which you are doing successfully.
          On our site, as in "Greece has everything": a specialist in the fleet, a specialist gunsmith and a living encyclopedia. Joke
          1. 3x3zsave
            3x3zsave 16 October 2018 21: 13
            +1
            Good trick.
            1. Trilobite Master
              Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 21: 32
              +2
              Quote: 3x3zsave
              Good trick.

              It's boring on the site today, even go to "Opinions". Yes, and there is not so hot - not to discuss Kokorin with Mamaev. And so they touched on the problems of anthropogenesis, Spengler was refreshed ... laughing
              1. 3x3zsave
                3x3zsave 16 October 2018 21: 53
                +1
                And you don't need to go there, the moderators themselves send you there. As Catherine of the guilty: "the highest hand inscribed" in Kem ""
  5. Serg65
    Serg65 16 October 2018 11: 14
    +6
    So what is the name of the control ship on board?

    The ship was named after Halbinsel Hela, which separates Gdansk Bay from the Baltic Sea. The armored cruiser and minesweeper bore the same name.
    April 15 1946 of the year "Hela" by the order of the Naval Minister was officially and forever renamed the "Angara"

    As far as I remember, there was Baikal between Hela and Angara.
    In 1949, the ship was unexpectedly transferred to the Black Sea, and on 9 of July of the same year, the Angara was officially included in the Black Sea Fleet

    Again, if memory serves, Angara for some time was listed in the MCH PV MGB of the USSR.
    Firstly, since the ship was headquarters, this imposed a special responsibility on the crew

    The truth is, the service on the Angara was the "blackest" in the entire KChF! The sailors rubbed bronze handrails with Goy paste 3 times a day, in the morning and in the evening they scrubbed the oak deck to white .... not life, but raspberries!
    Secondly, almost immediately after the transfer to the Black Sea to the Angara, or rather, to her team, the honorable duty fell as well as working as a representative ship and an unofficial pleasure boat

    Gorshkov, during his visits to Sevastopol, was very fond of going out to sea on the Angara. Yes, and it's better on the hangar than chasing cruisers for a walk!
  6. vladcub
    vladcub 16 October 2018 20: 15
    +2
    Quote: BAI
    of independence

    2 105 mm guns are quite suitable for the auxiliary cruiser
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 16 October 2018 22: 07
      0
      What is called: "on the birdless and the priest-nightingale"
  7. vladcub
    vladcub 16 October 2018 22: 11
    +3
    Quote: 3x3zsave
    Dönitsa

    It's just that I'm used to addressing people by name and patronymic. When I wrote for the first time, I apologized that I did not know Mikhail's middle name and so he turned.
    If such an appeal by Mikhail offends, then I apologize. Honestly, I have not seen the reaction of Michael. (Rarely look again: saving time).
    About punks. I am a villager by birth and psychology (I live in a small town), but we somehow did not welcome such a trend. That's why I'm here "layman
    1. Trilobite Master
      Trilobite Master 16 October 2018 22: 40
      +1
      Quote: vladcub
      If such an appeal by Michael touches, then I apologize.

      I really answered you in the spirit that if I wanted to be called by patronymic, I would mark him (patronymic) in profile. I was sure that you deliberately ignored that my message. In any case, apologies are accepted. smile
      By the way, about the rural origin: I myself was born, grew up and still live in rural areas ... So we are both villagers, and I am not even from the village, but purely village. smile
      Here I also have a question: Anton refers to you as "Vlad", in the profile the name Svyatoslav - how to call you correctly?
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 16 October 2018 22: 41
      0
      And what, is it difficult in a person to turn to a person and find out his middle name? Moreover, this is your need, and Michael has enough calls by name.
    3. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 16 October 2018 23: 03
      +1
      And punk is not a territorial and social affiliation, it is a state of mind and its relation to the world around us .. The first punk was Diogenes.
  8. vladcub
    vladcub 16 October 2018 22: 17
    +1
    I read, somewhere that by lot to divide the ships - it was proposed by Kuznetsov
  9. Sergei75
    Sergei75 23 December 2018 21: 19
    0
    And what happened to her, like 12 years ago she was still alive in Sevastopol ...