Military Review

Weekend reading. The myth of the prohibition of the celebration of Easter during the Great Patriotic War

44
One of the myths about the times of the Soviet power is the steady myth that Soviet citizens were not allowed to a cannon shot to the temples even on the largest Orthodox holidays, including the feast of the Resurrection of Christ. In the materials of liberal historians, you can find outright testimony that the outfits of the NKVD and other competent bodies literally drove the believing citizens from the churches, as is now customary to be expressed in certain circles, “at gunpoint”.


Another myth that has nothing in common with reality is supposedly a total ban on visiting temples during the years of the Great Patriotic War. The myth is complemented by misinformation that the overwhelming majority of citizens of the USSR, who only gathered to visit the churches, allegedly did not just take a pencil by the law enforcement officers, but later came under criminal prosecution with a general result in the form of “Stalin’s camps”.

Certain excesses, of course, happened - as they say, there were enough blockheads on the ground. However, most of the facts, including declassified archival documents and eyewitness and participant testimonies, say that “история»A complete ban on visiting temples, to put it mildly, is greatly exaggerated.

One of the documentary evidence is an information note from the head of the NKVD department in Moscow and the Moscow region of St. Major (then the title) Mikhail Zhuravlyov No. 1730 from April 5 of 1942 of the year. Based on the document, it can be concluded that Easter on the night of Christ’s Resurrection in the churches of the Moscow region was visited by about 85 thousand people and in Moscow itself - about 75 thousand. These are mostly women over the age of 40 years.

From the document:
The number of believers who visited the churches of Moscow ranged from about 1000 to 2500, except for individual churches, such as:
1. The Church of the Epiphany (Yelokhovskaya Square) - 6,5 thousand people
2. Church of the Sign (Pereslavskaya St.) - 4 thousand people
3. Church of Ilya Obydenny (2-th Obydensky Lane) - 4 thousand people
4. Church of the Transfiguration Cemetery (Preobrazhenskaya Square) - 4 thousand people
5. Church of the ordination - 3 thousand people
6. Church of the Resurrection (Rusakovskaya Street) - 3,5 thousand people
Moscow region:
1. Church of Zagorje (Kolomna) - 2,5 thousand people
2. Church in the village of Zhelezho-Nikolovskoye, Vysokovsky District - 2,2 thousand people
3. Church in the village of Zyatkovo, Taldomsky region - 2 thousand people
4. Church in the city of Podolsk - 1,7 thousand people
5. Church in the village of Zachatie, Lopasnensky district - 1,7 thousand people
6. Church of Akim and Anna (Mozhaisk) - 1,7 thousand people
7. Church in Kashira - 2 thousand people.


From the material of Major Zhuravlev:
The believing population and the clergy in connection with the religious holiday of Easter, as well as the permission received by the unimpeded circulation of the population of Moscow and districts of the Moscow region, reacted positively on the night of 4 to 5 in April.

Chief
NKVD Office
Moscow and Moscow region
Art. Major State Security Zhuravlev
Archive of FGC of the Russian Federation. Certified copy.


Weekend reading. The myth of the prohibition of the celebration of Easter during the Great Patriotic War

M. Zhuravlev. Post-war years


In total, on Easter Day 1942, in the Moscow region, the doors of the 124 temples in effect at that time were opened.

From eyewitness accounts:
In the church on Yelokhovskaya Square (...) the premises of the cathedral were crowded with people, it was difficult for believers to raise a hand for prayer. Stood all squeezed, so closely. There were men in the church, a lot of young people. Even the military were and also listened to the speech of the archpriest.




Professor G. Georgievsky:
Orthodox Muscovites living in siege conditions, acutely experienced insecurity in the traditional solemnity of the midnight service. Suddenly, at 6 on Saturday morning, 4, April morning, the radio unexpectedly began for everyone with a message from the commandant of Moscow, allowing free movement in Moscow on the night of April, there was no end to the raptures of Orthodox Muscovites.


The attendance of churches in Leningrad increased significantly after the beginning of the blockade of the city. At the same time, the Easter holiday of 1942 in the city on the Neva was overshadowed by a massive raid of enemy aviation. The bombing began at 17:00 on Great Saturday, lasted with small interruptions almost all night. At the same time, eyewitnesses say that the Nazis beat the existing temples. The festive service was rescheduled at 6 a.m., which helped to avoid a large number of victims.

Most of all, on Easter night 1942, Prince-Vladimirsky Cathedral suffered. The rector of the cathedral from February to July 1942 was Archpriest Nikolai Lomakin. In his testimony at the Nuremberg trial, he describes those events as follows: “In 17 hours 30 mines in the evening in the south-western part of the Prince-Vladimirsky Cathedral fell 2 bombs. People at this time approached the Holy Shroud. There was a huge line of believers who wanted to fulfill their Christian duty. I saw a man near 30 lying on the porch of the wounded. These wounded were in different places near the temple ... A terrible picture of confusion occurred. People who did not have time to enter the temple, hurriedly began to run away into the near trenches, and the other part, which entered the temple, huddled along the walls of the temple, awaiting their death in horror, because the shaking of the temple was so strong that it was continuous for some time. , glass fell, pieces of plaster ... German air raids lasted until the very morning, the whole Easter night. The night of love, the night of Christian joy, the night of resurrection was turned by the Germans into the night of blood, the night of the destruction and suffering of innocent people. ”

In the Easter message to the people of Leningrad, the then Metropolitan Alexy wrote: "... the enemy is powerless against our truth and our unlimited will to win, which no temporary setbacks can break, and no matter how short-term success of the enemy, because we know that by the word of the Wise:" arrogance "(...) We all must firmly remember that as in times of whether sv. Alexander Nevsky or Dimitri Donskoy, on the ice of Lake Peipsi, on the banks of the Don and on the Kulikovo field, a great dispute of truth and untruth was resolved, and now - in a different situation, in an unreasonably more formidable clash - we are resolving the dispute of advancing Germanism against the defending Slavic world and the significance of it personally for us, the Russian people, expands and grows to the destinies of the world of our people and our Fatherland. Each of us, Russian patriots, should understand this, and be above the comparatively small deprivations and personal disasters that one has to endure in this turbulent time. And more than ever keep vigor and strength of mind, remembering the words of the Apostle Paul: "Be awake, stand in faith, take courage, be strengthened." Our city is in especially difficult conditions, but we firmly believe that it is kept and preserved by the cover of the Mother of God and the heavenly intercession of his heavenly patron, St. Alexander Nevsky ".
Photos used:
ulyanovbib.blogspot.ru, Wikipedia
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  1. 210ox
    210ox April 8 2018 17: 11
    +7
    The lie is unconditional ... I certainly do not understand the priests of the Pskov mission and consider them to be collaborators ... But the overwhelming majority of the Russian clergy took part in their "bloody battle with the dark forces of fascism" ... And the authorities supported them ..
    1. ARES623
      ARES623 April 8 2018 17: 57
      +6
      Quote: 210ox
      And the authorities supported them ..

      When impatient, it supported. And without war, in the early 80s at VU, my kitchen outfit was removed on Easter night because someone threw onion husks into a cauldron with eggs and they all stained. The people ate everything normally, we got a spoiled day, while we took it off, while we replaced it came a legal shift. The school attendant, according to rumors, also got from the general. so if there was a myth, then not from scratch.
      1. 210ox
        210ox April 8 2018 18: 07
        +3
        At all times there were "initiative" ... And that was the most interesting thing on the ground ... In our unit, by the way, for Easter, 83 and 84 years old. Eggs were given out for dinner (though not dyed) and oh Miracle! Cutlets. Once a year. In different ways it was all ..
        Quote: ARES623
        Quote: 210ox
        And the authorities supported them ..

        When impatient, it supported. And without war, in the early 80s at VU, my kitchen outfit was removed on Easter night because someone threw onion husks into a cauldron with eggs and they all stained. The people ate everything normally, we got a spoiled day, while we took it off, while we replaced it came a legal shift. The school attendant, according to rumors, also got from the general. so if there was a myth, then not from scratch.
        1. ARES623
          ARES623 April 8 2018 18: 15
          +1
          Quote: 210ox
          In our unit, by the way, on Easter, 83 and 84. For lunch they gave out eggs (though not dyed) and oh Miracle! Cutlets. Once a year. It was all different for different reasons ..

          I remember that we, as the future elite of the SA, were given knives with forks in the dining room for the only time, and then when they met the cadets from the GDR ... I don’t even stutter about dancing training. There is nothing superfluous - combat training according to plan, a shovel, a trench in full profile, three floors of a mat and a sports festival on Sundays. Cutlets in memory did not settle .... laughing
          1. 210ox
            210ox April 8 2018 18: 32
            +2
            Well, I'm not in the elite, but served as a simple soldier ... But these meatballs and eggs were remembered only because until now we were trembling as we were eating everyday army food .. Yes, even as we were eating! Not boiled cabbage, "stone" pea porridge ..Yes actually it’s not a matter of food .. Theme about Easter in the Great Patriotic War .. Yes, and how could we say at the front to send a cult? Everyone is already here .... who believed, he simply prayed. Who did not believe, maybe before everyone By the battle of all the devils, he added up .. In the rear, unconditionally, there were divine services in the operating churches. And about "when he was impatient, they supported him" ... Well, it’s on the Nasvensky .. Until the thunder strikes.
            Quote: ARES623
            Quote: 210ox
            In our unit, by the way, on Easter, 83 and 84. For lunch they gave out eggs (though not dyed) and oh Miracle! Cutlets. Once a year. It was all different for different reasons ..

            I remember that we, as the future elite of the SA, were given knives with forks in the dining room for the only time, and then when they met the cadets from the GDR ... I don’t even stutter about dancing training. There is nothing superfluous - combat training according to plan, a shovel, a trench in full profile, three floors of a mat and a sports festival on Sundays. Cutlets in memory did not settle .... laughing
            1. Shurik70
              Shurik70 April 8 2018 21: 51
              +1
              I don’t know how ordinary citizens, for sure, no one there at the entrance wrote down their last names. But the Communists for visiting the church in peacetime really could take a pencil. There was one more joke

              “Vasily Petrovich, how can you, a communist, believe in God ?!”
              - I'm an atheist
              - And who in the mornings, leaving the house, is baptized? We have witnesses!
              - Yes, I'm not baptized! I’m leaving the house, and I think I’ve forgotten something. And I check - I fastened my fly, a party card in my pocket, a comb in my pocket.
          2. lance
            lance April 8 2018 18: 35
            0
            I understand how conscripts served in different armies during these years. no knives for forks were given to us, but with regards to meatballs and buckwheat with meat, I am obliged twice a week.
            1. ARES623
              ARES623 April 8 2018 18: 46
              0
              Quote: Lance
              I understand how conscripts served in different armies during these years. no knives for forks were given to us, but with regards to meatballs and buckwheat with meat, I am obliged twice a week.

              The army is one, but as 210okv noted, the most interesting thing on the ground. I went to the Zapolyarye after school, where soldiers prepared different birds (I remember the duck for sure) and condensed milk with a coffee drink ... According to the stories of the "watchmen" of the regiment, one battalion commander (cropped) decided to leave the SA in his own way. They murmured him for a long time, more than six months. They called to "work out" for the party commission. He entered, crossed without words into four corners. He was not even asked questions, and in the end they were fired "out of alignment." Maybe it’s also a myth, but I believe ... laughing
              1. BAI
                BAI April 8 2018 21: 04
                +2
                They murmured him for a long time, more than six months. They called to "work out" for the party commission.

                In our part, they joked that the most reliable and fastest way to quit the army was to get drunk on the steps of the district committee.
            2. Grim Reaper
              Grim Reaper April 8 2018 20: 59
              +2
              Quote: Lance
              I understand how conscripts served in different armies during these years. no knives for forks were given to us, but with regards to meatballs and buckwheat with meat, I am obliged twice a week.

              I have cutlets on an urgent basis, 86-88, Kustanay, I saw exactly two times. But on Saturdays there is always pilaf. Sin to say that poorly fed. But I don’t know anyone who went on a demobilization with a weight less than the draft laughing
          3. Cetron
            Cetron April 8 2018 19: 15
            +2
            In 1980, in the Far Eastern High School of Internal Affairs, porcelain and cutlery were in the dining room, and a set of cutlery was served by waitresses. Dancing was also taught.
    2. Grim Reaper
      Grim Reaper April 8 2018 21: 07
      +11
      We are all unbelievers. Until the first bullet over your head. Before the first shake in flight.
  2. Doliva63
    Doliva63 April 8 2018 17: 20
    +13
    I have not heard anything about the "worship" during the war from relatives. Not from his grandfather, who was in the Moscow militia, not from his father, who fought at the front, nor from his mother, who collected machine guns in Siberia. So for me this is news, really laughing But the "braces", they are like that - you need to shove it everywhere. According to our constitution, the state and the “faith in God” are divided; I don’t understand why to impose the “values” of 1000 years ago. Another, more real, no idea?
    1. 210ox
      210ox April 8 2018 17: 28
      +3
      A real idea? No! It is absent under the Constitution. I mean a single ideology for our entire society. And judging by your comment, you would still not know anything about worship, if not for the media ... yes
      Quote: Doliva63
      I have not heard anything about the "worship" during the war from relatives. Not from his grandfather, who was in the Moscow militia, not from his father, who fought at the front, nor from his mother, who collected machine guns in Siberia. So for me this is news, really laughing But the "braces", they are like that - you need to shove it everywhere. According to our constitution, the state and the “faith in God” are divided; I don’t understand why to impose the “values” of 1000 years ago. Another, more real, no idea?
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 April 8 2018 18: 13
        +7
        I did not know about the "cult" in the Second World War and still do not know. Believe contemporaries of events or a primitive biased media? And at the expense of ideology - here everyone chooses for himself.
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ April 8 2018 19: 11
      +4
      None of the participants in World War II, whom I knew, told me anything about religious rites. True, I talked with those who were 20-25 years old in the war, and did not speak with older people.
    3. BAI
      BAI April 8 2018 21: 10
      +3
      I have not heard anything about the "worship" during the war from relatives.

      My father went through the whole war from 1942 (before the front there were short-term courses for junior commanders). He joined the party at the front. However, when he went to the front, his mother (my grandmother) hung a cross on his neck and baptized him. Father (born in 1923 - and who understands) returned alive, even with wounds.
      1. Grim Reaper
        Grim Reaper April 8 2018 21: 53
        +2
        Quote: BAI
        I have not heard anything about the "worship" during the war from relatives.

        My father went through the whole war from 1942 (before the front there were short-term courses for junior commanders). He joined the party at the front. However, when he went to the front, his mother (my grandmother) hung a cross on his neck and baptized him. Father (born in 1923 - and who understands) returned alive, even with wounds.

        Mom, 25 R. Home front worker. Father, born 28 Kuban, occupation echelon Poland. How did he manage to escape and return in his years .... Mom is a deep believer, Pope is an atheist. The kingdom to them is heaven.

        Everyone chooses.
        The main thing is not to do a cult.
  3. Masya masya
    Masya masya April 8 2018 17: 39
    +10
    on the orders of Stalin on December 8 of 1941, Moscow circled over with the Tikhvin Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos .... what else can I talk about?
    love
    1. 210ox
      210ox April 8 2018 17: 47
      +3
      Marina love Christ is Risen! Everything is true, the way it was, but there will always be people with a different opinion and disbelief in God. Even in the Facts.
      Quote: Masya Masya
      on the orders of Stalin on December 8 of 1941, Moscow circled over with the Tikhvin Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos .... what else can I talk about?
      love
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ April 8 2018 19: 07
      +6
      Supreme order number possible?
    3. bubalik
      bubalik April 8 2018 21: 53
      +2
      on the orders of Stalin on December 8 of 1941, Moscow circled over with the Tikhvin Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos .... what else can I talk about?
      ,,, 5 December 1941 r began the counteroffensive of the Soviet troops near Moscow. The Germans retreated, and this was facilitated not by religion and prayers, but by the staunchness and courage of Soviet soldiers and the leadership of the Stavka.

      The Germans captured Tikhvin on 8 on November 1941, before leaving the city they took the icon to the rear and handed it over to Riga to the head of the Pskov Orthodox Mission, Metropolitan Sergius (Voskresensky). After the Nazis finally retreated, the icon left our country and returned to Russia only in the 2004 year.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ April 9 2018 22: 06
        +1
        Now it’s clear: the Germans flew around Moscow with the Tikhvin icon, but it seemed that they were flying in the wrong direction, and therefore began to retreat.
  4. ivan0vitch
    ivan0vitch April 8 2018 17: 45
    +4
    "religion is opium for the people" and the Communists had their own "opium" - the construction of communism. Why do they need competitors in brain fog? Therefore, priests for bitches, in churches warehouses. Honestly, looking at some of the current worshipers, you can understand why they were hanged - by the neck and deservedly
    1. anjey
      anjey April 8 2018 18: 31
      +4
      Sculpt humpback dear
      Tank column "Dimitri Donskoy" - a tank column, created at the initiative of the Moscow Patriarchate on donations from believers and transferred in 1944 to the tank troops of the USSR. It consisted of 19 T-34-85 tanks and 21 OT-34 flamethrower tanks [
      so religion is sometimes oil for the people laughing
      1. ivan0vitch
        ivan0vitch April 8 2018 18: 43
        +1
        well, also during the war, when there was no time before the building of communism. For the Father of Peoples, for wartime, the phrase “God is with us!” Seemed more relevant? please - that's the cult of the nut and let go, allowed to public life. The war is over, they are no longer needed, again delayed
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ April 8 2018 22: 15
          0
          "Tightened the gadgets" fighter against Stalinism, Khrushchev Kukuruzny.
      2. ivan0vitch
        ivan0vitch April 8 2018 19: 00
        +3
        I wonder what penalties were from these Easter lovers?)
    2. Weyland
      Weyland April 8 2018 19: 54
      +2
      Quote: Rossia
      "religion of opium for the people"

      In the years when Novalis called the religion "opium for the people", in Europe opium was known exclusively as pain reliever.
      1. Blackmokona
        Blackmokona April 8 2018 20: 52
        +1
        When this phrase was said, Opium had already killed the damned breakthrough of millions of Chinese and they fought with the British twice to stop the flow of drugs. Everyone knew
        The well-known comparison of religion with opium by Karl Marx has in mind the anesthetic and intoxicating properties of opium. In the context, this phrase reads: “Religion is the sigh of an oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is a spirit of soulless orders. Religion is the opium of the people. The abolition of religion, as the illusory happiness of the people, is a demand for renouncing a position that needs illusions. ”
        1. Weyland
          Weyland April 9 2018 15: 13
          0
          Quote: BlackMokona
          When this phrase was said, Opium already killed the damn breakthrough of millions of Chinese

          Young man, learn the materiel! When Kirla Myrla am repeated this phrase of Novalis hi (1772-1801) - then yes, "Opium has already killed the damn breakthrough of millions of Chinese" (The First Opium War was in 1840-1842) But not during the life of Novalis himself!
        2. YELLOWSTONE
          YELLOWSTONE April 15 2018 16: 41
          0
          Quote: Weyland
          Kirla Myrla

          he was a drug addict
          opium was a cheap drug, revolutionaries and Kerensky used more expensive substances and treated the people down
          in Ukraine, the same thing, on the Maidan, cheap hallucinogens were mixed in cookies and a drink, in the Yulina Baptists group, they themselves were cocaine
          Pansher Chocolate Contained Pervitin
          worthy followers of Teresa and Boriska are probably not without it themselves, the “BZ” which cuts out the semi-narcotic substance for four days
  5. lance
    lance April 8 2018 18: 41
    +2
    I am not a believer, but the grandfathers of both believers perished in the Second World War. According to my father (who was baptized, but not a believer), Easter was treated with trepidation, which I can confirm from my grandmother who lived with our family for more than 30 years. and I’ve never heard from her that the Bolsheviks would persecute people on Easter. they said yes, but they did not build obstacles.
    1. anjey
      anjey April 8 2018 19: 12
      +4
      These are the new Russian bourgeois liberties, they are ready for everything and everyone, in those heroic times, to slander and belittle that system, the legacy and wealth of which they have plundered and are still eating away .., I'm not a fanatic of socialism, but there was a lot of good, nothing paint the world in black and white ...
      1. BAI
        BAI April 8 2018 21: 21
        +4
        nothing to paint the world in black and white ...

        I agree, the world is diverse and the priests were different.

        1. anjey
          anjey April 9 2018 04: 52
          0
          Andrey Sheptytsky for example ...
        2. igordok
          igordok April 9 2018 07: 30
          0
          Quote: BAI
          I agree, the world is diverse and the priests were different.

          It was so.
          The distance between the places of photographing your and my photo is about 150 km.

          And it was like that.
  6. mavrus
    mavrus April 8 2018 19: 08
    +1
    Quote: ARES623
    Quote: 210ox
    And the authorities supported them ..

    When impatient, it supported. And without war, in the early 80s at VU, my kitchen outfit was removed on Easter night because someone threw onion husks into a cauldron with eggs and they all stained. The people ate everything normally, we got a spoiled day, while we took it off, while we replaced it came a legal shift. The school attendant, according to rumors, also got from the general. so if there was a myth, then not from scratch.

    Quote: ARES623
    Quote: 210ox
    And the authorities supported them ..

    When impatient, it supported. And without war, in the early 80s at VU, my kitchen outfit was removed on Easter night because someone threw onion husks into a cauldron with eggs and they all stained. The people ate everything normally, we got a spoiled day, while we took it off, while we replaced it came a legal shift. The school attendant, according to rumors, also got from the general. so if there was a myth, then not from scratch.

    Someone threw into the soldier’s cauldron it’s not known what (maybe onion peel, or maybe some kind of strekhnin), the kitchen attendant “received a spoiled day” instead of collecting, and the school attendant (and it is rumored) “got it from the general” .. Well, you had a mess, a kindergarten, not a military school. It is clear that the beginning of the 80s, everything was quiet and calm without terrorism and banditry ..
  7. mavrus
    mavrus April 8 2018 20: 23
    +1
    And what is the "vast majority" in the fuss of understanding, 40 to 60 or 49 to 51 is enough ... You would first study the issue, and then write. After the February Revolution (February !!!!), dissatisfaction with Patriarch Tikhon led to a church schism ... But Tikhon did not relent and in response to the decree separating the church from the state ... in January 18th he urged believers to fight against “godly authority” , i.e. in fact, he became the first to start calling for a civil war ... Several different church movements appeared in the Civil War, which began to fight against Tikhon, and not against the Bolsheviks .. It’s clear that in the 20s “irreconcilable opponents of the Soviet regime” inherited from this very government, with which they called to fight ... But there are practically no "reconciled" (renovationists). By the 30s, the Renovationists owned 2/3 of the temples. And by the beginning of the war, the Moscow Patriarchate had completely collapsed, there was no Patriarch, there was no way to elect him, the Holy Synod had dissolved. The "renovationist" churches (four large and a lot of small ones) also did not find a common language ... There was a complete discord in their heads. From “hallelu Hitler” to “we don’t care about worldly authorities” (by the way, in the 90s, this thesis was that there were two equal authorities on the territory of Russia during the war, German and Soviet voiced by many church leaders). Under these conditions, Stalin, with the "Bolshevik pressure", promoted
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 April 9 2018 07: 46
      0
      Quote: mavrus
      After the February Revolution (February !!!!), dissatisfaction with Patriarch Tikhon led to a church schism

      What are you talking about? Metropolitan of Moscow Tikhon was elected Patriarch after the October Revolution.
      Quote: mavrus
      But Tikhon did not relent, and in response to the decree on the separation of the church from the state ... in January 18th, he called on believers to fight against “godly authority”, i.e. in fact, he was the first to call for a civil war.

      Patriarch Tikhon anathematized the new Satanic authority after the atrocities against the Church began - the killing of clergy, laity, robbery and destruction of temples and monasteries.
      In questions (your reasoning) of the church schism, you too have a lot of confusion.
  8. mavrus
    mavrus April 8 2018 20: 35
    0
    Quote: mavrus
    And what is the "vast majority" in the fuss of understanding, 40 to 60 or 49 to 51 is enough ... You would first study the issue, and then write. After the February Revolution (February !!!!), dissatisfaction with Patriarch Tikhon led to a church schism ... But Tikhon did not relent and in response to the decree separating the church from the state ... in January 18th he urged believers to fight against “godly authority” , i.e. in fact, he became the first to start calling for a civil war ... Several different church movements appeared in the Civil War, which began to fight against Tikhon, and not against the Bolsheviks .. It’s clear that in the 20s “irreconcilable opponents of the Soviet regime” inherited from this very government, with which they called to fight ... But there are practically no "reconciled" (renovationists). By the 30s, the Renovationists owned 2/3 of the temples. And by the beginning of the war, the Moscow Patriarchate had completely collapsed, there was no Patriarch, there was no way to elect him, the Holy Synod had dissolved. The "renovationist" churches (four large and a lot of small ones) also did not find a common language ... There was a complete discord in their heads. From “hallelu Hitler” to “we don’t care about worldly authorities” (by the way, in the 90s, this thesis was that there were two equal authorities on the territory of Russia during the war, German and Soviet voiced by many church leaders). Under these conditions, Stalin, with the "Bolshevik pressure", promoted
    in short, it was only thanks to Stalin, his energy, that the Church schism was overcome in the 43rd year, and Patriarch Sergius was elected.
    PS Read for yourself, about this split, how everyone intrigued against everyone, and then write "the vast majority."
  9. BAI
    BAI April 8 2018 20: 58
    0
    1.
    Another myth that has nothing in common with reality is the supposedly complete ban on visiting churches during the Great Patriotic War.

    The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius did not close for a day during its entire existence.
    2.
    The myth is supplemented by misinformation that the vast majority of Soviet citizens who were just planning to visit churches were supposedly not just penciled by law enforcement officers,

    In 1980, on the day Lord Kilannen arrived at the Trinity-Sergius Lavra, he went to the Assumption Cathedral there. At this moment, everyone who was in the center of the hall was photographed. The flash was very noticeable, photographing in the cathedral was prohibited. But there were no consequences (for me). These are not the years of war, but still.
  10. Fedorov
    Fedorov April 8 2018 20: 59
    +1
    A myth is not a myth. But I sent to my grandmother (the blockade survived in Leningrad) the icon secretly in the package. No joke - the grandfather of the NKVD officer, the father of a major at the age of 30 received. Try the locks. Party meeting and kapets career in the Arctic Circle .. And you want to eat now.
    . Until now, the attitude to bread is special ... Even the crumbs, and those to cat dogs. And tits love fat. winked
  11. Moskovit
    Moskovit April 9 2018 03: 05
    0
    Funny numbers. Of the millions of people, 75 thousand attended the service. And then grannies who have nothing to lose. Stalin, as a pragmatic person, in order to appease the allies and incline the public opinion of the Western countries in his favor, allowed little Orthodoxy. However, this was not a lifting of the ban on religion. I think any person then knew how a visit to a church could end. So this is another myth that there was a myth ....