Military Review

Not one step back. The feat of commander Madoyana and the liberation of Rostov

20
75 years ago, 8-13 February 1943 of the year, in Rostov-on-Don, there were fierce battles between the Red Army units, which began the operation to liberate the city, and the Nazi troops who occupied Rostov in July 1942. Rostov-on-Don, the “gateway of the Caucasus”, a major economic center and a major transportation hub, was of tremendous strategic importance for the Nazis. Therefore, the command of the Wehrmacht was not going to lose control of Rostov and was set up for fierce resistance to the advancing units of the Red Army.


The offensive of the Southern Front troops in the Rostov direction began as early as January 1, 1943, and three weeks later, units of the 28 Army commanded by Lieutenant General Vasily Gerasimenko reached the shores of the Don. Bataysk had to be occupied, and then, advancing from the left bank of the Don, Rostov was also to be liberated. In the area of ​​the city center, the Don XXUMX Infantry Brigade of Lieutenant Colonel A.I. Bulgakov. In the evening of February 159, the 7 of the 1943 Rifle Brigade formed an assault squad which consisted of fighters from three brigade rifle battalions. They were faced with a very responsible and difficult task - to cross the Don River over the ice, to sneak into the city unnoticed and to seize the Rostov-on-Don railway station.

At approximately 01:30 on February 8, 1943, the Red Army of the 159th Brigade began to cross the Don. The reconnaissance detachment of Lieutenant Nikolai Lupandin shot the German sentries on duty on the banks of the Don. Two machine-gun crews of the Germans on the bridge and the control room were also destroyed. Having penetrated the city, the Red Army men occupied a site in the area of ​​Bratsky lane, not far from the station. However, despite the night darkness, the Nazi patrols nevertheless saw Soviet soldiers crossing the Don. 200 Hitler’s machine gunners were raised by alarm, 4 German were sent to the embankment area tank. A battle ensued in which the commanders of two rifle battalions who were part of the assault group were seriously wounded - the commander of the 1st battalion, major M.Z. Diablo and the commander of the 4th battalion, captain P.Z. Derevyanchenko, many Red Army soldiers were killed or seriously injured. Soon Major Diablo received secondary injuries in the face and chest, and the deputy commander of the battalion A.F. was shocked. Kryukov, the company commander of submachine gunners N.Sh. Ipkaev, other brigade officers were injured.

- The station building in February 1943.

The only commander remaining in the ranks was Senior Lieutenant Gukas Madoyan, who commanded the 4 rifle battalion of the 159 rifle brigade. He took command of the assault detachment, more precisely, what was left of him after the battle in the city center. Under the authority of Madoyan, there were about 800 people - soldiers, sergeants and officers of three battalions. With these forces the battalion commander had to seize the railway station, waiting for the approach of the main forces of the Red Army. Thus began the heroic feat of Senior Lieutenant Madoyan and his subordinates, who even now, after 75 years after the liberation of Rostov-on-Don, the city residents remember with delight and gratitude.

Gukas Karapetovich Madoyan was not a Rostov citizen, but entered into history cities as a symbolic figure, the personification of the liberation of the "Gate of the Caucasus" from the Nazi invaders. He was born on January 15 1906, in the village of Kers, Kara region. Gukas' parents, Armenian peasants, died during the famous tragic events in Ottoman Turkey. But Gukasu was lucky to survive. After moving to Soviet Armenia, he received an incomplete secondary education, and in 15-year-old age he volunteered for the Red Army. Gukas Madoyan participated in the battles of the Civil War in Armenia and Georgia, and then, in 1924, he graduated from an infantry school. But soon Gukas left the Red Army and got a job as a head of the production department in a workers' cooperative.

Not one step back. The feat of commander Madoyana and the liberation of Rostov


Zhil Madoyan in Yerevan, where he worked in the sphere of national economy right up to 1940. In 1933-1937 He headed the Yerevan Department of Trade weapons, and in 1937-1940. was the head of the department in the grocery store of Yerevan. It seemed that Gukas Karapetovich would work in positions in the sphere of trade for the rest of his life. But in 1940, Madoyan again had to return to the system. The 34-year-old lieutenant was retrained in the “Shot” commanding courses, and when the Great Patriotic War began, he was appointed commander of the company of the mountain rifle regiment. 19 November 1942. Senior Lieutenant Madoyan was appointed commander of the 3 Infantry Battalion 159 Infantry Brigade of the 28 Army. He participated in the great battle of Stalingrad, in the battles for the liberation of Elista and other settlements.

Early in the morning of February 8, Soviet units attacked the entire right bank of the Don, occupied by Rostov-on-Don and its suburbs. Units of the 34 Guards Rifle Division and the 6 Panzer Division attacked the stanitsa of Nizhne-Gnilovskaya, the 152-Rifle Brigade fought in the area of ​​Kirovsky Avenue, 156-Rifle Brigade on the Green Island, in the area of ​​Aleksandrovka and Aksai - XNUM part Guards Mechanized Corps. In the meantime, the German command, realizing that the main task was to save trains with cargo and deliver them to Taganrog, decided to block the 3 battalions of the rifle brigade in the area of ​​the suburban and main railway stations, which involved tanks and artillery.

In the lead of a squad of 800 Red Army soldiers of three rifle battalions, Senior Lieutenant Madoyan did not lose his head and ordered his subordinates to rush to the building of the railway station. As a result of a fierce battle, the Red Army soldiers were able to seize the station building and rich trophies - seven German trains, which were loaded with ammunition, several cars, and four artillery pieces. Naturally, the Nazis could not allow the advanced detachment of the Red Army to gain a foothold at the station. Immediately, attempts began to repel a strategically important position.

In turn, the commander of the 159 Brigade Bulgakov, realizing that it was necessary to urgently rescue colleagues fighting in the station area, formed a consolidated detachment of up to the battalion, commanded by the Chief of Staff 159 of the brigade Major TI Venison, and sent it to help. But the detachment of Major Olenin did not manage to get through to the station building. The brigade chief of staff himself was wounded, the battalion suffered heavy losses of personnel. The enemy fired intensive machine-gun fire, hit artillery shells, preventing the Red Army soldiers, who were in a hurry to get to the station area, to force the Don. Only in the area of ​​the slate factory, the fighters of the 6 tank tank brigade were able to capture the position, and the fighters of the 248 division occupied several houses in the Upper Gnilovsky settlement. The Red Army soldiers who fought in the area of ​​the station turned out to be in complete surroundings, cut off from their colleagues, without medical assistance and the delivery of ammunition. Fortunately, there was no need for food - among the cargoes of German echelons captured by the people of Madoyan, there was a variety of food, including expensive sausages, cheese, brandy, intended for the needs of the German command.



The defense of the Rostov railway station is an amazing example of the resilience of Soviet soldiers. For six days, the fighters of Gukas Madoyan defended the station, repelling the attacks of superior enemy forces. During this time, the Nazis went on the attack 43 (!) Times. In just one day 10 February 1943, the Germans attempted twenty times to dislodge the Red Army men from the station. Artillery guns and tanks conducted regular shelling of the station square, and then the Nazi command simply set an ultimatum: either free the territory of the station, or you will be destroyed. 11 February, after the bombing of the area from the air, the buildings located on it, as well as the coal warehouse, caught fire. When the fire started, the fighters of Madoyan began to move to the premises of the foundry of the Rostov plant to them. IN AND. Lenin (former Main workshops of the Vladikavkaz Railway). Having established themselves on the territory of Lenzavod, the Red Army soldiers continued to fire at the station square and the station building, and in the evening of February 13 launched an attack and again seized the station. The Nazis could no longer beat him again - Rostov was stormed by the Red Army units.

The defense of the station entered history as an example of the real courage and military skill of Soviet soldiers. Madoyan’s detachment managed not only to defend the station, but also to destroy about 300 Nazi soldiers and officers, to disable the 1 tank, 35 cars and 10 motorcycles of the Nazis. As a result of the defense of the station, the Red Army captured 89 locomotives and over 3000 railcars, with Hitlerite trains carrying a large amount of ammunition and other goods in the hands of Madoyanovtsy.

Near 02: 00 14 February 1943, units of the Red Army broke into Rostov-on-Don. The resistance of the Nazis, who remained in the city, was crushed. Rostov-on-Don was liberated, and on February 14 of every year, residents of the city now celebrate the Day of Liberation from the Nazi invaders. The surviving soldiers of Gukas Madoyan lined up and moved from the railway station building towards the city center, where the soldiers of the 51 Army of the Southern Front were already located. The meeting of the heroes-liberators took place on the corner of Prospect Budennovsky and Engels Street (now Bolshaya Sadovaya). The news of the heroism of the soldiers who had defended the station for six days instantly reached the high command. Cars with generals, Colonel-General Rodion Malinovsky, commander of the Southern Front, commanded by Lieutenant-General Vasily Gerasimenko, commander of the 28 army, and Nikita Khrushchev, a member of the Southern Front military council, approached the soldiers of Madoyan.



March 31 March 1943 Gukas Karapetovich Madoyan The decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. But the war for Madoyan on the liberation of Rostov did not end. He was sent to the Military Academy MV Frunze, and after its completion he was appointed commander of the 1194 Infantry Regiment of the 359 Infantry Division of the 38 Army, which was part of the 1 Ukrainian Front. In October, 1944, when Soviet troops stormed the Polish city of Dębice, the commander of the regiment, Madoyan, was seriously wounded. 38-year-old lieutenant colonel had to be demobilized from the ranks of the Red Army for health reasons.

It is interesting that Gukas Madoyan became one of twenty Soviet servicemen who were awarded with the medal “For Distinguished Service” by the American Army. Even the president of the United States of America Franklin Roosevelt found out about the feat of the Soviet officer and his subordinates who had been defending the station in the center of the city occupied by the enemy for almost a week. It is quite possible that if it were not for the injury, Madoyan’s military career would have been very successful and he could have reached the ranks of the generals.

However, on the “citizen” career of the Hero of the Soviet Union Madoyan after demobilization from the armed forces was very successful. In 1945, he returned to Yerevan and headed the department in the Yerevan City Council of People’s Deputies. In 1946, 40-year-old Gukas Madoyan took the post of Deputy Minister of Commerce of the Armenian SSR, and in 1948 he was appointed Deputy Minister of Social Security of the Armenian SSR. In 1946-1963 he was elected a deputy of 2 - 5 convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR, and in 1952-1961. He served as Minister of Social Security of the Armenian SSR. Since 1961, Mr. Madoyan was an adviser to the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Armenian SSR. The merits of Gukas Karapetovich, as we see, were appreciated by his countrymen.

But even in Rostov-on-Don, with the release of which Senior Lieutenant Madoyan distinguished himself so much, he is remembered and appreciated to this day. In 1968, Gukas Karapetovich Madoyan was awarded the title of honorary citizen of the city of Rostov-on-Don. He regularly came to Rostov for ceremonial events dedicated to military dates. In honor of Gukas Madoyan, they named a wide street in the Zheleznodorozhny district of Rostov-on-Don, which used to be called Locksmith Street. Soldiers of the detachment of Gukas Madoyan erected a monument on the territory of Lenzavod. Gukas Karapetovich Madoyan died in 1975, at the age of 69. His feat was an amazing example of the unity of the Soviet people, regardless of nationality, in the fight against the "brown plague". Until now, when carrying out construction work in the area of ​​the station, traces of those terrible battles are found. So, in 2007, the search engines discovered the remains of three fighters from the battalion defending the station.

The liberation of Rostov-on-Don on the night of 13 on 14 in February of 1943 was a major victory for the Red Army. The key city of the North Caucasus, an important transportation hub, was liberated from the occupiers. And a significant contribution to this release was made by Senior Lieutenant Gukas Madoyan and his fearless fighters, who held the station and the station square for 6 days.
Author:
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  1. Albatroz
    Albatroz 13 February 2018 07: 30
    +3
    Demonstrative battle episode
    Father-in-command on the cutting edge
    1. Bouncer
      Bouncer 13 February 2018 11: 59
      +17
      Everything keeps on good battalions
  2. XII Legion
    XII Legion 13 February 2018 08: 05
    +17
    Fortitude of our warriors, especially in defense
    Their business card
    How many such strong points were there on the whole front?
    Honor and glory to the heroes of the Second World War and personally G. Madoyan
    1. Seal
      Seal 15 February 2019 11: 40
      +1
      Glory is of course glory. But somehow something in this feat is not very ... Some kind of wormhole.
      From a study of search engine restorers.
      https://mius-front.livejournal.com/8161.html
      From the main station, which was caught in the fire, on the afternoon of February 11, with the help of guides - train drivers, the survivors (I would say that those who were not left alive, but those who were not seriously injured) were fighters of the Madoyan group (not all fighters, part - submachine gunners Ipkaeva N.Sh., remained in the Prigorodniy station) crossed the foundry and tender shops of the steam engine repair plant. Beyond the strong walls of the imperial building, a circular defense was quickly organized. The infantrymen counted every grenade, cherished every cartridge. Having hardly beaten off yet another attack of German submachine gunners and flamethrowers, our soldiers decide to make a breakthrough on the night of February 12. Hiding the seriously wounded workshops in the deep basements, collecting all the available ammunition at dawn, the 159th fighters went on the attack in full growth. Ahead of his comrades, Lieutenant Madoyan was walking with an automatic rifle in his hands, nearby was the deputy commander, the agitator of the brigade’s political department captain Shundenko. (in fact, deputy head of the political department of the brigade)


      Beautifully written. But the expression “Hiding the seriously wounded in the deep basements of the workshops” in fact means that those fighters who “decided to make a breakthrough” simply abandoned their seriously wounded comrades and commanders as well.
      In the morning, with heavy losses, Madoyan’s squad managed to break through the river Temernik to Bratsky Lane and gain a foothold in the territory of bakery No. 1. The fighters did not have any strength or ammunition to move on. But the soldiers of the squad were lucky. From the area st. The port scouts of the 248th Division made their way to the rescue. At the last moment, they hit the enemy and pulled out brigade fighters from the encirclement.

      But what about the steam engine plant? And there, at the engine building, the battle continued. He was led by those who could not break through. And most likely those who did not want to leave their seriously wounded comrades, whom, including Major Diablo, deputy. battalion A.F. Kryukov, captain P.Z. Derevyanchenko.
      Therefore, for a long time, shots did not subside in the workshops of the steam engine repair plant. Enemies of flamethrowers burned the last pockets of resistance in the factory. Captured brigade soldiers did not give up. Until now, in the closed workshops of the steam engine repair plant, the smell of burning is felt, the taste of powder gases is felt. The walls of the buildings are pitted with fragments and bullets of various calibers. Time there seems to have stopped forever. It stopped among the explosions and mines and shells, the screams of the wounded and burning alive in February 1943. In 2007, a search team conducted a survey of the plant’s workshops. One day, among the spent cartridges, under a thick layer of broken brick, rusty reinforcement, smoked pieces of concrete, the remains of three heroes, soldiers of the 159th separate rifle brigade, were discovered.


      Separately, machine gunners fought, cut off in the building of a suburban station. Judging by the fact that Ipkaev N.Sh. deputy the commander of the machine gun battalion for this battle was presented to the Order of the Red Star, and later became a major - he and his people remained alive. Automatics Ipkaeva N.Sh. haven’t gone anywhere. And they waited for help where they were defending. But the reward is just the Order of the Red Star.

      Some of the fighters led by Madoyan left. The award is the Order of Lenin and the Gold Star Medal.

      The documents of the site Memory of the People indicate that Major M.Z. Diablo was killed on 11.02.1943/XNUMX/XNUMX. But most likely, he was alive for at least another day. For this battle for rewarding (posthumously) was not presented.

      About Captain Derevyanchenko P.Z. No information was found on the site Memory of the People. Apparently captain Derevyanchenko P.Z. burned down by the fire of German flamethrowers in the "deep basements of the workshops of the steam engine plant), where Madoyan" hid it ". About representation (posthumously) to rewarding for this fight was not presented. Well, or introduced himself, but did not pass. There is no information. Generally.
      1. Seal
        Seal 15 February 2019 11: 47
        +1
        And some more thoughts.
        This award “Hero of the USSR” was the first among Lieutenant Madoyan. Prior to this, despite his generally impressive battle path, from the very beginning of the war .., and as they say in his biography
        From the first days of the beginning of World War II, Gukas Madoyan was in the army — in the position of company commander of a mountain rifle regiment. On November 19, 1942, Senior Lieutenant Madoyan was appointed to the post of commander of the 3rd battalion of the 159th separate rifle brigade, which was part of the 28th army. Gukas Madoyan proved himself during the Battle of Stalingrad, as well as during the liberation of Elista (now the capital of the Republic of Kalmykia).
        G. Madoyan fought from the first days of the war - he was neither awarded nor increased in rank.
        According to his biography, Madoyan graduated from an infantry school in 1924 (the graduation was at least an analogue to the rank of lieutenant), and in 1940 he graduated from the Shot courses (after them he was promoted in rank one step, that is, Madoyan had to meet at least this most senior lieutenant). And nevertheless, by the time of the liberation of Rostov-on-Don, being in the position of battalion commander (third, not fourth), Madoyan was still a senior lieutenant. While his colleagues, the commanders of neighboring battalions are majors and captains. And he ? A member of the party since 1925, behind him is an infantry school and the most famous courses in the USSR "Shot", which he took in the full pre-war program in 1940, allegedly fights from the very beginning of the war, showed himself in Stalingrad, showed himself during the liberation of Elista - and no awards, no promotion. Despite, I repeat once again, the rather high position of the battalion commander.
        But after his "valiant exit" (by the way, what about "Not a step back ????") and his first award at once with the Order of Lenin and the Medal "Gold Star", everything was flooded with him. This is what it means to survive in time, stay alive and get out of the environment. "By hiding the seriously wounded in the deep basements of the workshops."
        1. Seal
          Seal 16 February 2019 16: 13
          +1
          So, what served as the basis for such a high and honestly speaking, clearly not deserved award of Gukas Madoyan?
          It turns out- POLICY !!!
          As far back as June 1942, the Propaganda and Agitation Department of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks issued a memorandum on the shortcomings of party political work in the Red Army, in which the old leadership of GlavPUR (LZ Mehlis) was accused of "not enough "attention was paid to educational and propaganda work in those parts where there are a significant number of fighters from national republics." On September 17, 1942, the Main Political Administration of the Red Army issued a directive "On educational work with the Red Army and junior commanders of non-Russian nationality." Agitators who speak national languages ​​were seconded to military units, and political and fiction literature in national languages ​​was mass-circulated. In 1942–1943 In the army, 50 newspapers were published in national languages. Warriors of Russian nationality were constantly called on "to strengthen friendship with the Red Army of non-Russian nationality" 29.
          Work to strengthen the friendship of peoples in the army required constant attention, since "poor work with non-Russian soldiers" continued to be noted after the publication of the aforementioned directive of GlavPUR (in particular, in December 1942 on the Transcaucasian Front30). The disadvantages were “ignoring national characteristics, customs”, “great-power chauvinism”, “insufficient nomination of non-Russian cadres”, “weak propaganda of the leading role of the Russian people”. These shortcomings were mainly eliminated by the beginning of 1943. Among the forms of work that showed the greatest efficiency were “peoples’ friendship nights ”, organization of national amateur performances, meetings of newly called up fighters with“ experienced ”fighters of their nationality.
          Literature also served to promote the friendship of peoples in the army. In particular, according to the direction of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, 200 thousand copies published in circulation were widely distributed in the army. A. Korneichuk’s play “The Front”, in which one of the main places was occupied by a scene in the trench, where four soldiers, all of different nationalities, fought shoulder to shoulder, demonstrating the real embodiment of the friendship of peoples.
          As a result, in the winter campaign of 1943, soldiers of non-Russian nationality showed higher fighting qualities, the number of defectors significantly decreased. The patriotic education of non-Russian national draftees was improved, which was aimed at by the directive of the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks issued on August 10, 1943, aimed at the Central Committee of the parties of the Union republics.
          A characteristic technology of Soviet propaganda, designed to strengthen recognition of the leading role of the Russian people, in the second period of the war were the so-called "letters of the peoples", the first of which was the "Letter of the Uzbek people to Uzbek fighters", published in October 1942. From February to August 1943, a significant number of such “letters” were issued that expressed “love for the great Russian people”, gratitude for his help, recognized him as “elder brother” and “coveted brother”, appealed to the historical “military friendship” with the Russians, argued that the threat to the "Great Russian Land" "has always been a threat to us." In the "Letter to the Tajik Fighters" M.V. Frunze was called the "Russian commander" (not "Soviet"). This form of propaganda work was also used as letters from soldiers of a certain nationality addressed to Stalin.
          1. Seal
            Seal 16 February 2019 16: 14
            +1
            A characteristic feature of the “letters” was that in the overwhelming majority of “letters of the peoples” among the names of the persons who signed them were the names of representatives of not only “titular” peoples, but also Russian and other peoples (for example, in Armenia - Armenian). Thus, perhaps, hypothetical accusations of "national narrow-mindedness" of the content of these letters were averted. Propaganda attached to the "letters of the peoples" a large role in ideological work. The text of each letter was approved by the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks. Draft letters that did not meet the objectives of ideology were rejected, as was the case in December 1943 with the draft letter "Ukrainian people to the great Russian people." This letter was deemed unfit due to ignoring the “existence of a multinational family of the peoples of the Soviet Union” and denying the role of the Russian people as their only “elder brother” (the authors of the letter claimed that “the two peoples are the leading peoples in the Soviet Union - Russian and Ukrainian”)
            So, the letter of command of the Armenian people to their sons fighting in the war, to whom 335316 people signed, was published just in February 1943 as a separate pamphlet with thousands of copies in Armenian and Russian languages ​​and distributed on all fronts.
            It was also published in the newspapers Pravda, Izvestia, and Komsomolskaya Pravda and in the pages of many central, republican, and front-line newspapers.
            Accordingly, the soldiers at the front had to respond to the letter and perform more and more exploits. The fact that the feats should be performed precisely by fighters of Armenian nationality, I believe, certain political instances gave specific instructions and, as is usual with us, demanded to report on the exploits committed by the Armenian soldiers. Most likely, as is customary with us, it was necessary to report as soon as possible.
            And here the scouts bring to our location a whole column of essentially fugitives from the battlefield, led by with an Armenian. What a happiness !!! As a result, instead of giving Gukas Madoyan to the tribunal for:
            - failure to comply with the order (the station left it, went for the Temernik rivulet to the building of the Bakery No. 1 named after the 15th Party Congress, which was located at Rostov Bratsky lane 4).
            - for the fact that G. Madoyan left the Germans his seriously wounded comrades in the cellars of the locomotive plant, of which no one survived.

            ... of this type represent the title Hero of the USSR ???
            Hmm, the wrong nationality turned out to be the heroic commander of machine gunners Ipkaev N.Sh.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 13 February 2018 08: 25
    +2
    He participated in the great battle of Stalingrad
    ...Invaluable experience..
    1. Alex1117
      Alex1117 15 February 2019 20: 56
      +1
      ...Invaluable experience
      in what? How to leave the wounded comrades to the Germans and leave?
      Judging by the materials presented, the title of Hero should have been received by senior lieutenant Madoyan who did not leave with his combined detachment, but captain Naum Ipkaev who remained with machine gunners and did not retreat anywhere from the Prigorodny station.
  4. BAI
    BAI 13 February 2018 10: 19
    +2
    It is good that he accomplished his feat in Rostov, and not in Ukraine. No one dares to cheat.
    1. Alex1117
      Alex1117 17 February 2019 17: 39
      +1
      In the light of the analysis presented, what exactly was the feat?
  5. bubalik
    bubalik 13 February 2018 11: 09
    +3
    8 February 1943 year. The soldiers break through to the station of Rostov-on-Don


    Same place today
    1. Bouncer
      Bouncer 13 February 2018 12: 00
      +15
      Changed a bit)
  6. bubalik
    bubalik 13 February 2018 12: 03
    0
    The defense of the Rostov railway station is an amazing example of the endurance of Soviet soldiers. For six days, the soldiers of Gukas Madoyan defended the station, reflecting the attacks of superior enemy forces. During this time, the Nazis went on the attack 43 (!) times. Only in one day February 10 1943


    ,,, I do not belittle the merits of Gukas Madoyan and all the fighters, but the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Council indicates that he repelled 8 enemy counterattacks.
    1. Alex1117
      Alex1117 15 February 2019 18: 20
      +1
      Yes, it’s a bit strange. Madoyan has 800 fighters. Settled behind the strong walls of the royal buildings. The Germans go to endless attacks. And from the fire 800 fighters lose 300 of their soldiers and officers, and some round numbers of cars and motorcyclists. And one tank.
      Then they throw their wounded and go to the mill, across the river.
  7. bubalik
    bubalik 13 February 2018 14: 32
    0


    (February 14 of 1943 in the liberated Rostov. Commander of the Southern Front Colonel General R. Ya. Malinovsky is first on the left) and member of the Military Council N. Khrushchev is second on the left) they talk with Senior Lieutenant G.K. Madoyan on the right). No epaulette yet ...
  8. Lexus
    Lexus 13 February 2018 15: 02
    +1
    What were PEOPLE! hi
  9. Seal
    Seal 14 February 2019 17: 23
    +1
    Read here:
    On the evening of February 7, 1943, an assault detachment was formed in the 159th Infantry Brigade, which included soldiers from three infantry battalions of the brigade.
    A battle ensued in which the commanders of two rifle battalions who were part of the assault group — the commander of the 1st battalion, major M.Z., were seriously wounded. Diablo and commander of the 4th battalion, captain P.Z. Derevyanchenko, many Red Army soldiers were killed or seriously injured. Soon Major Diablo received secondary injuries in the face and chest, and the deputy commander of the battalion A.F. was shocked. Kryukov, the company commander of submachine gunners N.Sh. Ipkaev, other brigade officers were injured.

    And read here:
    The only commander who remained in service was Senior Lieutenant Ghukas Madoyan, commanded the 4th infantry battalion 159th Infantry Brigade.

    So who was Senior Lieutenant Madoyan? The full-time commander of the 4th battalion or still the full-time commander of the 4th battalion was captain P.Z. Derevyanchenko, and senior lieutenant Madoyan, who happily was not even lightly wounded, took command so to speak "upon the departure of the regular battalion commander"? Then I would like to understand what Madoyan commanded in the 4th battalion before the commander of the 4th battalion, Captain P.Z. Derevyanchenko?
    And further. I would like to know at what exact moment Madoyan headed all. After all, a second wound in the face and chest is Major Diablo, a shell-shock deputy. battalion A.F. Kryukov, and numerous shrapnel wounds, the commander of machine gunners N.Sh. Ipkaev (for some reason, the rank is not indicated) was received either on the night of February 9 to 10, or in the morning or afternoon of February 10.
    And further.
    Having hardly beaten off yet another attack of German submachine gunners and flamethrowers, our soldiers decide to make a breakthrough on the night of February 12. Hiding the seriously wounded workshops in the deep basements, collecting all the available ammunition at dawn, the 159th fighters went on the attack in full growth. Ahead of his comrades, Lieutenant Madoyan was walking with an automatic rifle in his hands, and a deputy commander, an agitator of the brigade’s political department captain Shundenko.

    It turns out there was one more senior officer. But apparently, so that no one had doubts about who exactly commanded, for Captain Shundenko, recognizing his courage (he walked ahead of his comrades with machine guns in his hands), they indicated not his staff position, but some kind of social and political load "agitator of the political department of the brigade ".
    1. Alex1117
      Alex1117 17 February 2019 17: 40
      +1
      Just a mistake in the article. You need to read The Third Battalion.
      1. Seal
        Seal 18 February 2019 08: 25
        +1
        Quote: Alex1117
        Just a mistake in the article. You need to read The Third Battalion.

        I got what you mean. Only editing time has expired.