Military Review

General Yakov Slashchev - in the service of Russia

43
General Yakov Slashchev - in the service of Russia



Slaschov managed to make war on the fronts of the First World War, to become one of the leaders of the White movement, and ended his life as a teacher of the Red Army officer courses

Yakov Aleksandrovich Slashchev, born on January 10 1886, is one of the most prominent generals of the White movement. A brilliant strategist and tactician, he was awarded seven orders of the Russian Empire, including the Order of Saint George, IV degree. These orders, Golden weapon "For bravery" and five wounds, are the outcome of the First World War for Colonel Slasheva.

In December, 1917, he joined the Volunteer Army, served under the command of General Mikhail Alekseev, then Colonel Andrei Shkuro, with whom he freed Stavropol, Nikolaev, Odessa and the entire Right-Bank Ukraine from the Reds.

In August, 1920, for the defense of the Crimea, he received the highest recognition of the Russian army. General Wrangel issued an order: “... to the dear heart of the Russian soldiers, General Slashchyov, to be called Slaschev-Krymsky in the future!”

Yakov Aleksandrovich became one of the few generals who received an honorary prefix to his last name, as was the custom in the Russian imperial army: Suvorov-Rymniksky, Muravyov-Amursky, Paskevich-Erivansky, and others. history Russia's honorary title "Crimea" was awarded to two people: Vasily Dolgorukov, who conquered the Crimea in the Russian-Turkish war of 1768 – 1774, and General Slashchev, who kept the Crimea in the Civil War for a year (we also note Grigoriy Potemkin-Tavrichesky).

The Red Army soldiers seized the Salkovsky and Perekopsky isthmuses three times, penetrated deep into the peninsula, and thrice slashed them, leading the units that were only named on the body on paper. The number of red ten times was more than the number of white, but the tactics chosen by Slashchyov gave unexpected results. The operations developed by him were carefully studied at the headquarters of the red commanders at the highest level.

After the defeat of the whites in the Crimea, Jacob Slaschov emigrated to Constantinople. But the Russian general could not live without Russia. Subsequently, he will write that "he really wanted to return to his homeland." He was at odds with Wrangel, gardening on the Turkish coast did not bring satisfaction, besides he highly appreciated Dzerzhinsky’s deed when he did not shoot his arrested spouse, but sent him to her husband. Therefore, he accepted the offer of the Reds and in November 1921, he returned to his homeland.

Slaschev led the highest rifle school of the Red Army commanding officers “Shot”. His students were the future marshals of Vasilevsky, Malinovsky and Tolbukhin. Between yesterday’s irreconcilable enemies, the office battles now flared up, turning into friendly tea parties and drinking.

But not everyone forgave Slashchev grievances. There is a case in which, during coursework during the analysis of the “Polish campaign” of the Red Army, the general revealed the mistakes of command. One of the listeners was a participant in the campaign, the legendary commander of the First Cavalry Army Semyon Budyonny. Jumping up and snatching a weapon from his holster, Budyonny began shooting at the speaker. Without flinching, Slaschev remained in the department, and when they took the weapon from the commander, he said: “As you shoot, you also fought”.

The end of his life was tragic, the former white general 11 on November 1929, was shot by Lazar Kolenberg. The official version of the investigation stated that revenge became the motive for the murder. Kolenberg revenged for his brother, who was hanged in the Crimea on the orders of Slaschova. The general very harshly prevented violations of the law.

If it were not for this death, the richest experience of Jacob Slaschov, would undoubtedly be in demand during the Great Patriotic War.
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  1. Vasya Vassin
    Vasya Vassin 14 January 2018 15: 05
    +3
    1 time I hear this name, and I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!
    1. iouris
      iouris 14 January 2018 15: 19
      11
      Quote: Vasya Vassin
      1 time I hear this surname

      Your education?
      25 years of commanding studies. Ah, write: illiterate!
    2. dzuar saubarag
      dzuar saubarag 14 January 2018 15: 31
      17
      General Slashchev became the forefather of General Khludov, who was perfectly played by Vladislav Dvorzhetsky in the film "Running". An interesting nuance: Slashov several times came into the view of the competent authorities (OGPU) - the occasion was the evening spent in his house. However, the investigative measures were discontinued due to the lack of corpus delicti: according to intelligence data, “incredible drunkenness” reigned at these evenings, which completely excluded counter-revolutionary activities. The person really was an outstanding and very competent specialist. Wrangel (who frankly did not like him) testifies to his qualities as a military leader: "A good combat officer, General Slaschev, having assembled random troops, did an excellent job of his task. He defended the Crimea with a handful of people, amid the general collapse."
    3. Basil50
      Basil50 14 January 2018 15: 55
      +2
      Vasya
      An anecdote about the shooting with M BUDENY in I A SLASCHEVA was voiced by the words of drinking companions like eyewitnesses of this action much later than the murder of I A SLASCHEV.
    4. svp67
      svp67 14 January 2018 17: 38
      11
      Quote: Vasya Vassin
      1 time I hear this name, and I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!

      That is our TROUBLE that we know Budyonny and Voroshilov perfectly, but we know very poorly the real heroes of that side, and the fact that Slashchev was just such a hero and, moreover, a true patriot of Russia, there is no doubt about that. And it is very unfortunate that his career in the Red Army was interrupted so quickly ... And by the way, Budyonny knew how to shoot, but he perfectly understood how this shot could end for him. It was not just that Slashchev was allowed to return to the USSR and, moreover, he was admitted to the RKKA FRAME, although many honored red commanders were demobilized in the same period.
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 15 January 2018 21: 32
        +5
        "... we know very poorly the real heroes of that side ..."
        On the other hand - criminals who took part in the Civil War, unleashed by the enemies of the Soviet regime, on whose conscience millions of lives. There can be no compromise. Slashchov was not killed right away just because his military education was necessary for the Soviet commanders, because, as Ilyich said, we understand that today the cook is not able to control the state. So we studied with them. And then - a well-deserved measure of social protection.
        1. svp67
          svp67 16 January 2018 03: 26
          0
          Quote: Doliva63
          On the other hand - criminals who took part in the Civil War, unleashed by the enemies of the Soviet regime, on whose conscience millions of lives.

          You have a strange vision of our history. And if I tell you that the Bolsheviks unleashed the Civil War and there is historical evidence for this, it turns out that the criminals are “red” and it’s on their conscience that the victims of that war
    5. Weyland
      Weyland 14 January 2018 18: 21
      +8
      Quote: Vasya Vassin
      1 time I hear this surname

      Your problems. One of the best commanders of that era.
      Quote: Vasya Vassin
      I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!

      he was an excellent grunt, and I won’t be surprised if he shot well from a rifle - but a completely different skill is needed for a pistol!
      1. svp67
        svp67 14 January 2018 19: 19
        +8
        Quote: Weyland
        he was an excellent grunt, and I won’t be surprised if he shot well from a rifle - but a completely different skill is needed for a pistol!

        The story of how Marshal S.M. Budyonny, who headed the selection committee, tested a helmet of the 1940 model. One of the developers of the new helmet, M. Koryukov, recalled: “Budyonny carefully examined the helmet made by the laboratory staff and ... took up the saber. Surprised by the choice of weapons, I grinned. Noticing this, Semyon Mikhailovich explained that with a checker a good cavalryman would cut the enemy from shoulder to belt - the bullet does not have such power. Of course, Budyonny was an experienced "grunt", and the blade of hardened Zlatoust steel, presented to him by the workers, was a strong test weapon in his hands. But here, so to speak, the scythe found on a stone. The air cut by the saber whistled, and the helmet tinkled immediately. Budyonny looked in surprise at the site of the strike: “Please tell him at least something!” And he took up the gun. Semyon Mikhailovich shot first from twenty-five meters, then from ten, almost point blank. After each shot, the helmet jumped, the bullets ricocheted, and I was very afraid that they would not hit Budyonny. For the fate of the helmet, I was calm and not worried. “Well done! - said the marshal, finally, “they did a good job.” The silhouette of a Russian soldier in this helmet became the image of a victorious warrior for many years.
    6. Vend
      Vend 15 January 2018 16: 34
      +4
      Dzerzhinsky’s act, when he did not shoot his arrested wife, but sent him to her husband.
      The answer to the applicants about the bloody Dzerzhinsky.
    7. kapitan281271
      kapitan281271 16 January 2018 10: 49
      0
      Quote: Vasya Vassin
      1 time I hear this name, and I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!

      But in vain !!!!!!!!! there is literature there are several docs in the public domain. watch movies do not turn yellow ................ I hope.
  2. konus
    konus 14 January 2018 15: 19
    11
    Jacob Slashchev would not be allowed to live. They would have shot as well as many other Russian generals who began to serve the Fatherland in the Red Army, back in 1937 - 1938.
    1. long in stock.
      long in stock. 14 January 2018 16: 10
      10
      are you vanging or do you have evidence?
    2. Humpty
      Humpty 14 January 2018 16: 30
      12
      You are talking nonsense. I recommend to get acquainted with the biography of Baghramyan. About Shaposhnikov and Fedorov can still for horizons.
      Quote: dzuar saubarag
      General Slashchev became the forefather of General Khludov, who was perfectly played by Vladislav Dvorzhetsky in the film "Running".

      + But unfortunately many do not read, do not look and do not recognize.
      1. svp67
        svp67 14 January 2018 17: 40
        +6
        Quote: Humpty
        I recommend to get acquainted with the biography of Baghramyan. About Shaposhnikov and Fedorov

        You can add Ignatiev and Malinowski ... Many, very many
        1. Doliva63
          Doliva63 15 January 2018 21: 34
          +5
          As far as I remember, Ignatiev did not participate in the Civil War.
        2. Sugar Honeyovich
          Sugar Honeyovich 7 March 2018 09: 09
          0
          You can add a dozen and a half generals who were in operation in 1941-45 - former white officers (two of them white generals), plus 13 people generals and officers - former white soldiers, plus half a dozen generals to civilian former officers national armies (Ukrainian, Caucasian, Baltic). The figures, of course, are not final.
    3. Weyland
      Weyland 14 January 2018 18: 22
      +4
      Quote: konus
      back in 1937 - 1938.

      as if not earlier - Tukhachevsky (who cares!) was actively getting rid of possible competitors back in the mid 30s
  3. Aeneas
    Aeneas 14 January 2018 15: 44
    +3
    it didn’t seem like Budyonny was shooting, but Comrade Redneck.
  4. long in stock.
    long in stock. 14 January 2018 16: 14
    +9
    Slashev Yakov Alexandrovich-I demand the court of society and publicity. Defense and surrender of the Crimea. lovers of crunching a loaf, I strongly advise reading. Much will open from an unexpected angle.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 14 January 2018 16: 25
    14
    To be honest, the article ..surface ..
    in addition, he praised Dzerzhinsky’s deed when he did not shoot his arrested wife, but sent him to her husband.
    ... In 1918, Slashchev met a handsome cunker Nechvolodov, who was in his orderly. It suddenly turned out that this name hides 18-year-old Nina Nechvolodova, ironically, the native niece of the head of the artillery of the Red Army. But love is stronger than kindred feelings. Three years of the Civil War, Ninochka did not leave her colonel, and then the general, was wounded several times, and only in 1920 they officially formalized their relationship. Together they returned to Soviet Russia.
    Therefore, he accepted the offer of the Reds and in November 1921 he returned to his homeland.
    ... That’s not why ... His supporters familiarize Slashchev with the text of Wrangel’s secret agreement with the Entente. It turns out that he promised Paris and London so much that only "white and undivided Russia" would have left only horns and legs if White won. And, Slashchev openly expresses his opinion: "The Reds are my enemies, but they did the main thing - my business: they revived great Russia! And as they called it, I do not care!"
  6. polpot
    polpot 14 January 2018 16: 38
    +7
    Sushchev is a legend, a military officer, a man of great courage and military talent.
  7. captain
    captain 14 January 2018 16: 45
    +3
    Thank you for the article. We must know the history of our country and its heroes.
  8. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 14 January 2018 16: 59
    +5
    About his personal courage and skillful command - the truth.
    But keep silent that since 1919 he has been constantly on morphine (as an anesthetic
    after non-healing wounds) and cocaine (as a tonic) is also impossible.
    And the mass shootings of sympathizers with red, he also periodically persisted.
    In the white army, he had a reputation as a "riotous" officer.
    1. Weyland
      Weyland 14 January 2018 18: 28
      +7
      Quote: voyaka uh
      And the mass shootings of sympathizers with red, he also periodically persisted.

      more often even hanging (which I, by the way, quite welcome). Bulgakov’s “Running” (where he was deduced under the name of Khludov) shows it perfectly - and he hints at morphine (by the way, Bulgakov was also a morphist).
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 14 January 2018 18: 34
        +3
        It’s never necessary to welcome reprisals against the population. No violence
        Chekists, I would not applaud the whites of the whites.
        Baron Wrangel, by the way, tried his best to avoid repressions and established
        contacts with workers and with all classes of the population of Crimea. Therefore Slashcheva
        did not love.
    2. long in stock.
      long in stock. 14 January 2018 23: 00
      +6
      there were many on cocaine then. this is a question for doctors of that time. they did their best to promote drugs for treating colds and keeping them in good shape ... and then they started treating cocaine-dependent heroin ... and they accused him of drunkenness too. You have to figure it out where the truth is where is the reservation.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 15 January 2018 11: 24
        +1
        I agree with you about drugs. In those years they were not considered
        dangerous, sold almost in pharmacies.
        But they acted on the body in exactly the same way as now.
        Under cocaine, a person became (for a while) fearless, super-confident
        in itself - attacks, battles, victories (if you have the skill, of course). And then - an outcast, depression, etc.
        (here and on the hangings of the arrested will pull, if they are at hand sad ).
        Therefore, drug addicts in high command positions are dangerous negative .
        (In the Red Army and in all kinds of anarcho-armies there was about the same picture).
        1. long in stock.
          long in stock. 15 January 2018 13: 34
          +3
          I’ll tell you a terrible secret ... the same thing happened in the German French and English army .. belay
      2. KVIRTU
        KVIRTU 20 January 2018 17: 42
        0
        Yes, not only in doctors it was:
        "During the First World War, the government banned the sale of vodka for civilian needs and the population turned to surrogates.

        In December 1917, the Soviet government extended this ban for a period of revolution and civil war. After the end of the Civil War and the restoration of relative order in the power structures, vodka production was allowed on August 26, 1923. "
  9. Viktor.N.Aleksandrov.
    Viktor.N.Aleksandrov. 14 January 2018 17: 34
    +3
    If only the photo was correctly placed, and not the scruff of the neck - inversion
  10. mavrus
    mavrus 14 January 2018 23: 20
    +1
    Quote: Vasya Vassin
    1 time I hear this name, and I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!

    Directly, under his last name, maybe even for the first time, General Slashchev is shown in the series Nine Lives of Nestor Makhno. But biographers and specialists in the work of Mikhail Bulgakov (unequivocally) argue that it was Slashchev who was the prototype of his general Khludov.
    By the way, in Wikipedia, in an article about Alov and Naumov’s film “Running,” it says in the roles: “Vladislav Dvorzhetsky - Roman Valeryanovich Khludov, general (prototype - General Slashchev).
  11. Dzmicer
    Dzmicer 15 January 2018 09: 26
    +3
    If it were not for this death, the richest experience of Jacob Slaschov, would undoubtedly be in demand during the Great Patriotic War.

    If it weren’t for this death, then after a long beat-out of recognition in cooperation with Polish, English, Japanese, Guinean, Somali, etc. etc. intelligence would have shot in 1937-1938, as they did with most of the "former" at that time.
    But each such death then cost us hundreds, thousands, and even tens of thousands of human lives during the years of World War II.
    1. long in stock.
      long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 30
      +1
      again treplems ... when evidence of chemical attacks then provide Mr. yap?
  12. Albatroz
    Albatroz 15 January 2018 18: 04
    +2
    Lazar Kolenberg shot.

    Their time has come - Lazarus
    And as the fates of the former show, it was better to work in a Paris taxi than to work in the service in Soviet Russia
    1. long in stock.
      long in stock. 15 January 2018 19: 58
      +2
      soon in Paris. right now. preferably running ...
    2. Looking for
      Looking for 16 January 2018 23: 38
      0
      But how do you know. What was better for them? Have you talked to them? How old are you?
      1. Albatroz
        Albatroz 19 January 2018 11: 04
        0
        Yes, almost all of them finished. I’m saying that it’s better to be a living taxi driver than to be in the Mogilev province, that is, in the next world
        1. Albatroz
          Albatroz 19 January 2018 11: 26
          0
          How old are you? Communicated with them, and maybe he lived at that time?
          Taking off my hat hi
  13. Laurus
    Laurus 15 January 2018 20: 02
    +1
    Quote: Vasya Vassin
    1 time I hear this name, and I do not believe that Budenny could not shoot!

    It’s strange. This surname is known to everyone who is at least a little interested in the civil war.
    As for Budyonny, this is more of a bike than the truth. Either the gun was taken from him before he fired, or the gun didn’t reach the gun at all.
  14. Looking for
    Looking for 16 January 2018 23: 35
    -1
    in general, by and large, Slashchev was an ersatz general, since he was not promoted to emperor by the generals. The same thing happened with an honorary prefix to his surname. Otherwise, I agree with his characterization as an outstanding Russian officer.
    1. zombirusrev
      zombirusrev 21 January 2018 19: 08
      0
      He was an officer of the imperial general staff.

      https://yandex.ru/video/search?text=%D1%81%D1%82%
      D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B8%D0%BD%20%D0%B8%20%D1%86%D0%B0%D
      1%80%D1%81%D0%BA%D0%B8%D0%B5%20%D0%B3%D0%B5%D0%BD
      %D1%88%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B8%D1%81%D1%82%D1%8B&
      amp; path = wizard & noreask = 1 & filmId = 77816674
      00846445205 & reqid = 1516551296505661-1326446363
      03340577714569-sas1-1429-V
  15. zombirusrev
    zombirusrev 21 January 2018 19: 07
    0
    "One of the listeners was a campaign participant, the legendary First Horse Army commander Semyon Budyonny. Jumping up and grabbing a weapon from his holster, Budyonny started shooting at the speaker. Without flinching, Slashchev remained in the pulpit, and when the weapon was taken from the commander, he said:" How do you shoot , so you fought. "" (c) The case is unknown, but most likely a liberal’s bike or nonsense. Semyon Mikhailovich Budenny fought during the Polish campaign effectively. We owe our failure to our homegrown Napoleon Tukhachevsky. There are no links to the source of the bike.