This memorable date is set by the federal law of February 28 of 2007 "On Amendment to the 1.1 Article of the Federal Law" On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia. "On this day, Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia, holders of the Orders of Glory and St. George are honored. Date is timed for the holiday of the Russian Empire - the Day of the St. George Cavaliers, which was celebrated from 1769 to 1917.
16 April 1934, by the decree of the CEC of the USSR, introduced the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, it was awarded "for personal or collective merit to the state related to the accomplishment of a heroic deed." The Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded the Gold Star Medal. This title was first awarded to 20 on April 1934 of seven pilots for rescuing the polar expedition and the crew of the Chelyuskin icebreaker. In total, more than 12 thousand 770 people were awarded the title, of which more than 11 thousand 600 people during the Great Patriotic War, in 1991, the title was abolished together with the USSR award system.
On March 20, 1992, the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation established the title of Hero of the Russian Federation and the insignia - the Golden Star medal. This highest award of the country is awarded "for services to the state and people associated with the commission of a heroic feat." The first Hero of the Russian Federation (posthumously) was the head of the Lipetsk center for combat training and retraining of flight personnel Major General aviation Sulambek Oskanov, who died during a night flight. At the cost of his life, he prevented the crash of an airplane on the village of Hvorostyanka in the Lipetsk region.