Military Review

The first is poisonous. Part of 2. Not one step back

Now it was the turn of the onslaught of the German infantry, which, like Ypres, was counting on the success of its offensive, because the gas strike was supposed to shake the defenses of the Russian troops.

Infantry attacks.

Attack of 1.

At about 4 hours, the enemy’s artillery from the Bolimov and Skierniewitz forest opened fire on a section of the height. 45,8 - Folv. Mogels - moreover, shells with a burst emitted suffocating gases.

With the support of chemical artillery fire, the Germans attacked - the 5 th reserve division at the front of Zakrzhev - Suha (55 th Siberian Rifle Regiment) and 49 th reserve division against Will Shidlovskaya (217 th Infantry Regiment).

German infantry before the attack.

Despite the failure of three quarters of the 1 th defensive line personnel, the German attack on the 5 watch was repelled - with accurate and strong fire from the fighters remaining in the ranks. Artillery fire (both enemy batteries and attacking infantry) completed the success of the defenders.

Despite the fact that the suffocating gases, spreading through the trenches of the first line and the reserve, reached artillery positions and incapacitated every minute more and more fighters, the latter, overcoming agony and barely keeping their feet, remained in the ranks and, with the support of 1 th and 3 light batteries of the 55 artillery brigade, 1 of the Warsaw fortress battery, acting on the flank of the enemy advancing in the direction of Will-Shidlow, and 2 of the Warsaw fortress battery acting on the enemy batteries, met the advancing delving into heavy fire and forced him to withdraw with heavy losses in their trenches.

In the 5 hours of 30 minutes, a battalion of the 55 th Siberian Rifle Regiment was moved to support the 56 of the Siberian Rifle Regiment.

Attack of 2.

In the sixth hour, an enemy accumulated at Voly-Shydlouska distillery, and then the Germans launched an offensive on the 217 Infantry Regiment - north of the Bolimov-Medniewice route and on Will Shidlovskaya. The attacks, despite the difficult conditions in which the Russian fighters had to fight, were also repulsed.

Despite the fact that the sufferings of the fighters and the casualties reached their apogee, the defenders of the front line, together with the artillery, met the enemy with honor and repulsed the attack for the second time - around 6 in the morning.

At about 6 hours the battalion of the 219 Infantry Regiment was moved from the reserve to the command of the combat unit.

Attack of 3.

Around 7 hours under the cover of hurricane artillery fire, the Germans launched an offensive in the sector of the 14-th Siberian rifle division. The accurate fire of the Russian machine-gunners and artillerymen stopped the enemy offensive, forcing the enemy soldiers to lie down.

The offensive began and on the right flank of the 218 Infantry Regiment of the 55 Division - it was also beaten off, and the Germans with large losses retreated to their original positions.

Despite the great losses of this sector from the suffocating gases, the enemy’s attack was met with hurricane rifle and machine-gun fire and was beaten off - and the enemy not only withdrew with great losses, he was dispersed.

Attack of 4.

In 14, the hours before the battalion of the German infantry, with the support of artillery, went on the offensive south of Volya Shidlovskaya - in the area of ​​the 217 infantry regiment. The remaining fighters reinforced by the 4 Battalion of the 217 Regiment, together with the support of the artillery, unanimously repulsed the attack, forcing the Germans to 14 45 minutes with heavy losses to retreat to their original lines.

Attacks 5-I and 6-I.

Attacks on 14 hours 50 minutes and 15 hours 45 minutes were also repulsed.
The first was conducted on the site of the 217 Infantry Regiment north of Volya-Shidlovskaya - and was repulsed to 15 45 minutes.

Attack of 7.

About 19 hours opposite der. Humin, as well as on the right flank of the 55 of the Siberian Rifle Regiment, repeated attempts of the enemy offensive were reflected - the latter with artillery fire thrown at Bzura. Captives were taken.

Attack of 8.

In 22 hours of 30 minutes, the Germans again attacked the site of the 217 Infantry Regiment south of Will Shidlovskaya - after 15 minutes the offensive was also stopped by fire, and the enemy retreated to his trenches.

Attack of 9.

Finally, around 24 hours, the Germans launched another attack - on the site of the 55 Siberian Rifle Regiment. She also managed to fight off artillery and machine gun fire.

By the end of the day, the sector was reinforced by additional troops.

The total losses of the Russian troops during the first gas attack of the Germans amounted to more than 9000 people (of which 1183 people died).

Including the 55 Infantry Division, lost 26 officers and 3077 soldiers (34 soldier killed, officer and 70 soldier killed, officer died, 2 officer and 290 soldier, poisoned and evacuated 23 officer and 2683 soldier -201-y -Y -X -Y-X-NUMX soldier, 217 officer and 2163 soldier-Y -Y-218 soldier, poisoned and evacuated 903 officer and 219 soldier) The Kovrov Regiment lost 220 man, and the XNUMX Infantry Regiment of the Gorbatovsky Regiment lost the XNUMX Man, the rest were artillerymen and fighters of the XNUMX and XNUMX Infantry Regiments.

The 14 Siberian Rifle Division lost up to 6000 people (including 3127 - 53 Siberian Riflemen and 2625 - 55 Siberian Rifle Regiments) - including 891 people who have died.

Conducting a tremendous work on organizing a gas balloon attack on a broad front, the Germans, like Ypres, could not achieve a breakthrough of operational scale. Moreover, in the case of the Russian troops, they were not able to achieve even tactical success (with the exception of causing great losses to the Russian troops). The stubbornness of the German infantry attacks committed after a gas strike and with the support of artillery using chemical ammunition was broken by the stubborn resistance of the Russian troops, who had time to close the breakthrough that had begun to form. Greater stamina and a greater moral boost than the infantry and the Siberian arrows of 18 in May of 1915 showed, it was impossible to show. The spirit of panic caused by the realization of helplessness was absent in parts. The troops, acting without gas masks, repulsed the enemy's 9 attacks, remaining in advanced trenches, and despite huge losses (such as in the 217 regiment), continued to occupy their sections until the shift that occurred on 25. there is a week later). Both individual fighters and the commanding staff took all possible and affordable measures in a timely manner - and control, despite the unexpected effect of the gas strike, remained in the hands of the commanders.

Of particular importance for repelling chemical attacks was the presence of reserves - and the actions of the Russian reserves, and in a difficult situation, played a crucial role in repelling the enemy's massive gas attack. And if the defenders Osovets had at least some protective equipment (so-called "protective dressings" - dressings made of gauze soaked in hyposulphite and glycerin; besides them, each fighter had with him a small tin of water to wet the gauze; had to breathe through gauze, and a small amount of anti-gas impregnation available in it, quickly spent, and such a bandage- "gas mask" lost its value) and on the basis of the first experience, the first elements of the chemical discipline of the troops began to appear, then 18 of May 1915 of the mask and gas masks were missing. The 18 gas attack of May was reflected without gas masks - that is, defenseless troops, "in the open." The Russian troops could not oppose the technical countermeasures to the enemy - by opposing their courage, firepower and competent tactics.

The first is poisonous. Part of 2. Not one step back

Counterattack of the Russian infantry

Documents mark the feat and call the names of some of the heroes who distinguished themselves on that difficult day. AT stories The 55 of the Siberian rifle regiment, the 18 day of May, was considered an outstanding feat when “the Germans released poisonous-asphyxating gases before the attack. Despite the fact that the regiment did not have gas masks, the 1 day of the lower ranks was out of order in 2500, the regiment repulsed several enemy attacks and held the position. ” [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op.1. D.63. L. 169]. And the 217 Infantry Regiment of the Kovrov Regiment "18 of May 1915, when the Germans attacked the regiment with the help of choking gases, despite the poisoning, the attack was repulsed and the enemy could not take possession of a single inch of the land." The officers awarded for him with the crosses of St. George of 4 degree are especially distinguished: the regiment commander Colonel Osipov, the staff captain Antonov and the second lieutenant of Krishtops, and the lower ranks awarded with St. George crosses of the 4 and 3-th degree, and George's crosses, and the ranks for the number of people who have received the crosses of St. George's XNUMX and XNUMX and the St. George's crosses. , Ivan Shandov, Ivan Titov, Mikhail Larin, Ivan Panfilov, Ivan Golunov, Mikhail Potapov, Nikolai Voronov, senior non-commissioned officers Dmitry Ponomarev, Mikhail Zelenkov, Alex Trinkunov, Mikhail Veselov, Ivan Kopysov, Fyodor Danilenko, Illarion Lopashev, Georgiy Pe seizures, Dorofey Krivenko, junior non-commissioned officers Ivan Dinischuk, Ignatius Sorokin, Ivan Gorshkov, corporal Platon Svistunov, Ivan Pisling, Afanasy Maximov, Fyodor Mikhailov and many others [RGVIA. F. 16180. Op. 1. D. 63. L. 279 - 279 Rev.].

First exposed to the blow of the newest weaponsand then a whole series of Germans infantry attacks, Russian troops without chemical protection (!) resisted. In contrast to the situation under Ypres 22 on April of the same year, when the German troops managed to seize a significant part of the Ipres projection, the Russians did not surrender a single inch of land to the Germans. Only the Russian army could probably fight without any means of chemical protection and at the same time survive.

The Russian command for the month that had passed since the attack of the Ipris attempted to take some kind of protective measures (the order of masks and gas masks), and in the course of the battle used fire weapons and skillfully maneuvered reserves.

We named the names of only some of the heroes who committed a massive feat during the reflection of the first chemical strike in the history of the Russian army - and they should be written in golden letters in the chronicle of the exploits of the Russian officer and soldier.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 15 December 2017 07: 51
    Probably, only the Russian army could fight without chemical protection means at the same time and survive.
    ....Yes, it's true....
    1. Same lech
      Same lech 15 December 2017 08: 05
      The Germans still have to repent before us for the inhuman methods of warfare ...
      A chemical attack is a crime against humanity and I have never heard the repentance of the German government and the German Bundestag to RUSSIA.
  2. Serge72
    Serge72 15 December 2017 09: 48
    massive feat during the reflection of the first chemical strike in the history of the Russian army

    And thanks to the author for analyzing archival documents, establishing the names of some of the defendants in this feat.
    Gas and 9 infantry attacks!
    Not an inch of land under the blow of a new weapon!
    Osovets was not the only one on the Russian front.
    The eastern front consisted of many such Osovtsi! good
  3. XII Legion
    XII Legion 15 December 2017 10: 12
    Russian troops could not oppose the enemy with technical countermeasures - opposing him with their courage, firepower and competent tactics.

    And opposed
    Neither the command nor the lower ranks were confused
    We acted in harmony
    Thank you
    1. Blue cop
      Blue cop 15 December 2017 11: 09
      Proof of the highest morale, training and excellent stamina RIA.
      The Anglo-French fled, and the RIA soldiers did not.
      Moreover, the secondary regiments.
      Although the natural desire of a suffocating person is to leave the affected area
  4. Some kind of compote
    Some kind of compote 15 December 2017 12: 29
    Well done Siberians and foot soldiers.
    Especially machine gunners. It was not in vain (I read) that whole sectors were fired from machine guns when positional defense was engaged. And even with heavy losses l / s firepower allowed to repel the attacks of enemy infantry.
    Fine good
  5. soldier
    soldier 15 December 2017 15: 41
    This combat episode is somewhat "obscured" by other events.
    But really - this is a feat in pure form.
    Without protection, it is even difficult to be poisonous. Not like fighting. Moreover, to maintain positions and stay on them for 5 days - until the shift.
    Such a feat deserves a full immortalization - perhaps even in the form of a monument.
      BRONEVIK 15 December 2017 16: 30
      the feat deserves a full immortalization - perhaps even in the form of a monument.

      But not in the Will of Shidlovskaya
      Given the attitude of the Poles to our monuments
      1. soldier
        soldier 15 December 2017 16: 34
        In Will Shidlovskaya and need
        The wedge is kicked out with a wedge - the Poles are encroaching on the monuments, and we are defending the old and petitioning for new ones).
        But you can put in the homeland of the formation of the "heroines" of the battle - the 14th SSD and 55th PD
      2. Mart14
        Mart14 3 January 2018 22: 21
        However, every year at the scene of the battle, the military-historical festival "Bolimov" is held, with an imitation of a gas attack. Pretty significant. Military-historical clubs are gathering (including from Russia) many spectators come. The network walks video and photo reports from the event. So there is a miraculous monument.
  6. soldier
    soldier 15 December 2017 17: 43
    The 55th Infantry Division was commanded by Lieutenant General Pyotr Matveyevich Zakharov

    And here is his photo taken by the English correspondent in the chapter on the 1915 campaign in Poland.

    Chevalier of St. George's Arms
    In the future - an employee of the Academy of the General Staff of the Red Army.
    The 55th division defended during the Lodz operation of Lovic. Although it was then freshly baked second priority compound. And then she fought at Will Shydlovskaya - conducting heavy firing and bayonet battles.
    Volya Shidlovskaya - Golgotha ​​and the place of military glory of the 55th PD (distinguished itself not only in May, but also before that - during the heavy January battles).
  7. soldier
    soldier 15 December 2017 17: 52
    The 14th Siberian Rifle Division was commanded by Lieutenant General Konstantin Romanovich Dovbor-Musnitsky

    The division was formed in Tomsk, Novonikolaevsk, Omsk.
    As part of the 6th Siberian Army Corps (SAK), the compound fought in the одódз operation and then at Will Shidlovskaya. The soldiers of the 14th SSD defended the river. Bzura and defended the path to Warsaw.
  8. Rotmistr
    Rotmistr 15 December 2017 19: 22
    The exploits of units of the Russian army and its soldiers are an extremely interesting topic.
    It should be developed as much as possible, remembering forgotten names and exploits good
    Nobody should be forgotten, nothing should be forgotten hi
    1. Horseman without a head
      Horseman without a head 15 December 2017 19: 54
      I fully support
      1. OAV09081974
        15 December 2017 20: 20
        Be sure to deal with this issue - in the very near future hi
  9. kipage
    kipage 16 December 2017 16: 03
    Still about gas masks to read
    Our kind was the coolest ...
    1. Mart14
      Mart14 22 January 2018 22: 21
      It depends on what. It is known that, in circumvention of the Zelensky gas mask, the army purchased in huge quantities masks that were actually unsuitable for use as gas masks.
      1. kipage
        kipage 24 January 2018 19: 20
        Zelinsky of course meant
        Not - Mountain Institute