Military Review

Battle of the River Snov - Russian Rematch

15



By the middle of the XI century, the nomadic Turkic-speaking people of the Polovtsi closely approached the eastern and southern borders of the ancient Russian state.

The first contact between the Russians and the Polovtsi was peaceful, the Kiev prince Vsevolod, the son of Yaroslav the Wise, made an alliance with them against the common enemy of the Torks.

After the victory over the Torks, the Allies fell out, and, starting with 1061, an armed confrontation began between them. If the first clashes were considered by the parties as a border conflict, then later they turned into a real war.

In September, 1068, in the battle on the Alta River, the combined Russian squads suffered a defeat from Khan Sharukan. This defeat led to a complication of the domestic political situation in the principality of Kiev. The Kievans, who suffered a lot from the Polovtsian raids, were still ready to defend their land, and they turned to Izyaslav with the request:
"Here are the Polovtsians being ruled in our land ... So let me, prince, to us weapon and horses, and we will fight them again! ”

Due to Izyaslav's refusal to organize a new campaign against the nomads, an uprising broke out, during which the Polotsk prince Vseslav Bryachislavich, who was languishing at that moment in Kiev captivity, was brought to power.

Vseslav, whom popular rumor endowed with extraordinary abilities, however, could not solve the Polovtsian problem. The nomads continued to make devastating raids on the Russian principalities.
In order to secure the southern frontiers of Russia, the Chernigov prince Svyatoslav spoke against the Polovtsy with a large, three thousand troops. He was the third son of Yaroslav the Wise, and together with his two brothers was one of the three persons of the Triumvirate of Yaroslavich.

The forces of the enemy, according to Nestor the chronicler, were 12 thousands of people, i.e. outnumbered Russian four times. Before the battle, Svyatoslav Yaroslavich addressed the soldiers with the call: “Let's fight! We have nowhere to go! ”

The battle took place on November 1 1068 of the year on the river Snov, near the town of Chernigovsky inheritance Snovsk (now Sednev). The Russians struck first, broke the Polovtsy, many of whom drowned in the river during their flight. The Polovtsian Khan himself was taken prisoner, Nestor the Chronicler does not name him, and the Novgorod First Chronicle says that it was Sharukan.

The Russian revenge was the first known victory over the Polovtsy, the threat looming over Russia after the defeat at Alta, was eliminated.
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http://rusplt.ru/wins/bitve-reke-snov-31291.html
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  1. Settlement Oparyshev
    Settlement Oparyshev 11 November 2017 09: 18
    +3
    Kiryusha! There were no land roads then. There were rivers, settlements and future cities formed at the mouths and other convenient places. Fishermen and pirates, here is the main population. Do not get excited with horses either. At leisure, take a look at the fotos of Mongolian horses, without tears you don’t look at how small it is. No thoroughbred horses have been brought yet. A massive transplantation on horses took place in the 1770 years of Kiryush, teach History.
    1. igordok
      igordok 11 November 2017 09: 25
      +8
      Quote: p-k Oparyshev
      There were no land roads then.

      Well, it began ...
    2. Vend
      13 November 2017 10: 37
      +2
      Quote: pp to Oparyshev
      Kiryusha! There were no land roads then. There were rivers, settlements and future cities formed at the mouths and other convenient places. Fishermen and pirates, here is the main population. Do not get excited with horses either. At leisure, take a look at the fotos of Mongolian horses, without tears you don’t look at how small it is. No thoroughbred horses have been brought yet. A massive transplantation on horses took place in the 1770 years of Kiryush, teach History.

      I would like to know, what do you smoke? Read the chronographs, at least the Byzantine ones about the battles near Dorostol.
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 11 November 2017 11: 11
    +4
    One of the first victories over the Polovtsy ... A powerful attack of the heavy Russian cavalry scattered the Polovtsian riders ... Subsequently, Vladimir Monomakh changed tactics, opposed the Polovtsian attack with a wedge, the deep formation of foot soldiers, covered with large shields, armed with long spears, and the heavy cavalry completed the rout ...
    1. Settlement Oparyshev
      Settlement Oparyshev 11 November 2017 11: 24
      0
      The words Russian, Russia, were introduced by Peter the Great along with his invasion through Petersburg from Europe.
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 11 November 2017 11: 46
        +3
        Thank you for the kindly provided letters ...
        1. Settlement Oparyshev
          Settlement Oparyshev 11 November 2017 12: 10
          0
          I admire you! It turns out you can all your life, read only letters, without delving into the meaning and can already be considered a historian. So keep it up.
          1. Cartalon
            Cartalon 11 November 2017 12: 14
            +6
            There is not a single historian here besides you, although you are probably not a historian, but an eyewitness.
            1. Settlement Oparyshev
              Settlement Oparyshev 11 November 2017 12: 19
              0
              Well, then you can’t determine who is closer to the truth. You are only letters and that's it ..
              1. Cartalon
                Cartalon 11 November 2017 12: 35
                +4
                Of course, we are letters and historians who studied the annals all our life letters and archaeologists letters, but the mathematician who did not achieve recognition and decided to cut the dough for a ball is yes Svetoch.
                1. Alex1117
                  Alex1117 16 November 2017 06: 19
                  +1
                  Well, actually there is a question. Letters (their spelling) have changed repeatedly over time. How they were pronounced, and even more so, as the words made up of letters were pronounced - no one will ever recognize her, since there were no phonographs or tape recorders. Well, or we are waiting for the invention of the "time machine". Historians study not chronicles, but those materials that are included in such a printed work as PSRL - a complete collection of Russian chronicles, the first edition of which was published at the beginning of the reign of Nicholas the First. It seemed that what was wrong with that, well, they collected all the annals and published them from a distance. If not one but. And what prevented them from being published earlier? Why didn’t Karamzin publish them at the time of writing his multi-volume work? Why did this happen only during the reign of Nicholas the First, who was so indignant at the ugliness regarding our ancient documents that he now instructed laziness to look for someone, but from memory - Count Bludov: "Bring all our ancient documentation to a uniform look."
                  So, mathematicians with their mathematical apparatus in history are not superfluous. Actually, on the basis of mathematical statistics, all anti-plagiarism programs now work.
    2. Settlement Oparyshev
      Settlement Oparyshev 11 November 2017 12: 59
      +1
      "Powerful attack of the heavy Russian cavalry", find three historical errors in this sentence.
    3. Alex1117
      Alex1117 17 November 2017 22: 25
      +1
      And what prevented from subsequently dispersing the notorious camel-dolphins as effectively? Ugh, Mongol Tatars?
  3. Curious
    Curious 11 November 2017 12: 01
    +2
    "Because of Izyaslav’s refusal to organize a new campaign against the nomads, an uprising broke out during which the Polotsk prince Vseslav Bryachislavich was brought to power, languishing at that moment in Kiev captivity."
    After this paragraph, the author has a significant gap.
    Izyaslav Yaroslavich rushed to Poland to King Boleslav II, sat there, and when the Polovtsian problem was resolved, he returned with the Polish army to pick up the Kiev table “back”.
  4. Antares
    Antares 12 November 2017 15: 13
    0
    In September 1068, in a battle on the Alta River, the combined Russian squads were defeated by Khan Sharukan.

    interestingly constructed proposal. Better word-suffered. Defeated.
    This era of princeless lawlessness was not only Polovtsy, but there was little order.