Military Review

The opinion of the American historian: Why is Russia confident of its exclusivity

75
America is not the only country that positions itself as an exceptional “power of good”, without which the world cannot do. Russia is doing something similar. This is due to the struggle against invaders who have attacked Russia for centuries. History It also determines the strategy of Moscow’s behavior in its increasingly tense relations with NATO and the West.


The opinion of the American historian: Why is Russia confident of its exclusivity


Origin of Russian Exclusivity

Russia's national identity is built on its victory over fascist Germany in World War II. However, Russia believed in its destination as a savior of the world from the villains long before the Second World War.

In 1812, Napoleon - a tyrant who raved about the idea of ​​world domination - invaded Russia, as a result of which he lost his army. It was a great Russian victory. weaponsand the country led a coalition of allies to free Europe from invaders. The campaign ended in 1814, the coalition forces took Paris. Napoleon suffered a final defeat in the 1815 year at the Battle of Waterloo, and Russia insists that it was she who inflicted the fatal wound.

After the Napoleonic Wars, a wave of patriotism arose in Russian society. The reason for this was the view that Russia saved Europe. Moreover, no other country was able to repel Napoleon's invasion or crush his army, which was once considered invincible. In Western Europe, Russians were considered savages or barbarians, and Russia was able to improve its reputation and found a reason for pride.

In this regard, many writers and intellectuals of the XIX century turned to history to find more evidence of exclusivity.

List of invaders

The search led to the XIII century, in which the Mongols invaded Europe. The Beach of God did not advance further than Eastern Europe, and many centuries later it allowed Russia to claim that the Russians had shed their blood, saving Europe from a serious threat.

Intellectuals used subsequent invasions to reinforce the idea of ​​exclusivity. In the 16th century the Crimean Tatars went north and left only ashes from Moscow. Poles did the same in the XVII century, overthrew the tsar and killed the head of the Russian church. Peter I defeated the Swedes in the XVIII century.

After the invasion of Napoleon in the XIX century, the view on the exceptional importance of Russia was strengthened. Everything, from the conservative Dostoevsky to the revolutionaries Chernyshevsky and Lenin, agreed that Russia historically serves as a shield protecting the civilization.

The military accepted this idea for dogma, which is not surprising.

Hitler’s attack, the most dangerous threat Russia faced, increased faith in exclusivity. No country could do as much to protect others from aggressors as Russia, and no country so often became the target of this aggression.

The modern meaning of war

The military experience of Russia to a great extent influenced her worldview and self-image. This country uses legacy for many purposes.

To the past, Russia turns, when they want to make an aggressor out of it. This is the presumption of innocence, which works regardless of the actions taken. Defensive shade is acquired even by the aggressive campaigns of Russia, thanks to which by the end of the XIX century the country turned into a huge empire occupying one sixth of the land.

The “defensive expansionism” includes the annexation of the Crimea, which happened twice. The first was in the 18th century, and its goal was to prevent the threat from the Crimean Tatars, who had attacked Russia for centuries. The second happened in 2014, and Moscow claimed that it was protecting the Russians from the hostile government of Ukraine.

The legacy also justifies the suspicion with which Russia treats other countries. It is appropriate to recall again the Mongol invasion: at that time, the Western neighbors did not think of anything better than to attack Russia for the company.

Moreover, entire coalitions often attacked the country, and there was a suspicion that the West was plotting a plot against Moscow. Among others, Poles, Italians and Germans served in Napoleon’s army, and Hungarians, Romanians and other nations fought on Hitler’s side. That is why Russia is experiencing deja vu in connection with the appearance of NATO troops near its borders - this is similar to another conspiracy. Not for nothing in Russia is the popular statement of Alexander III about Russia's allies, of which there are only two: the army and the navy.

Turning to the past also helps the Kremlin centralize power. Against the background of patriotic sentiment, the opposition can be blamed for treason, and foreigners on Russian soil can be recorded as spies.

The memory of the two great victories of the Russian people is the best way to strengthen the authority of the authorities.

The feeling of patriotism unites people under the omnipotent power, and turning to the difficult and bloody thousand-year history allows us to position Russia as a victim of foreign aggression. This high-octane fuel for the machine of Russian nationalism today runs through the veins of culture and society. The roots of the phenomenon go deep into the ages, and it gets support.

It was the war that convinced Russia that in the abyss of world events the Russians always stand on the side of good and win. Nothing else strengthens ideology in the same way as the desire to restore Russia's former power after the collapse of the USSR.

“We are creating history,” said popular historian Vladimir Medinsky shortly before he became Minister of Culture. In the case of Russia, this is exactly what happens.
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https://theconversation.com/why-russia-thinks-its-exceptional-85240
75 comments
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  1. Basil50
    Basil50 22 October 2017 07: 05 New
    24
    An American professor would also have to go through the history of England or France, or at least the history of the United States. But no, he is only enough to instruct others, and only to those whom he was allowed to. In the United States, pretty quickly deal with the dissatisfied. Not for nothing that the statistics of those killed under the car or accidentally robbed are only growing. That’s why the opposition is so timid and not aggressive.
    I have always been struck by US policy by allowing themselves to go to war, coup or kill the rulers of other countries, in general, anything, and at the same time they must take the pose of a moral evaluator in other countries.
    1. Esoteric
      Esoteric 22 October 2017 07: 10 New
      +2
      The opinion of the American historian: Why is Russia confident of its exclusivity

      fool
      Look at your US globe and the one that represents the globe on a smaller scale ... You’ll see everything ...
      1. DEPARTMENT
        DEPARTMENT 22 October 2017 14: 07 New
        +7
        The exclusivity of our people in this I think ...
        Just listen to the sound and vibration in the shower ..

        This is all in our souls at the genetic level ... God forbid!
        If you bring the gentlemen ... Do not ask for mercy! soldier
        1. Vanko
          Vanko 25 October 2017 20: 04 New
          +1
          The men went back and forth on the Volga, dragged barges. And they didn’t think at all that their scrap song would become so famous request
    2. Antianglosax
      Antianglosax 23 October 2017 12: 41 New
      +3
      Yes, there is a topic for the whole dissertation, and the author is using some castrated squeezes. Fluid, superficial, misunderstanding of history and realities.
  2. andrewkor
    andrewkor 22 October 2017 07: 10 New
    +6
    American historians, British scientists - one field of berries, Anglo-Saxon "God-chosen" Twa-i !?
    1. stas
      stas 22 October 2017 14: 45 New
      0
      And what remains to be done as striped as soon as the tongue threshes nonsense.
      Do not bother idiots to grind nonsense. Their nonsense will lead them into the swamp.
      We would have to deal with the Russian economy and the political arrangement and put an end to the fascist market economy.
      But apparently our Tsar is not capable of this. A victory in Syria is good, but not enough for Russia to become Great.
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 22 October 2017 15: 21 New
        0
        Quote: stas
        And what remains to be done as striped as soon as the tongue threshes nonsense.
        Do not bother idiots to grind nonsense. Their nonsense will lead them into the swamp.
        We would have to deal with the Russian economy and the political arrangement and put an end to the fascist market economy.
        But apparently our Tsar is not capable of this. A victory in Syria is good, but not enough for Russia to become Great.

        A market economy is good. If only everything was honest ...
    2. Normal ok
      Normal ok 22 October 2017 15: 47 New
      +3
      Quote: andrewkor
      American historians, British scientists - one field of berries, Anglo-Saxon "God-chosen" Twa-i !?

      And what is the reason for this reaction? The article is quite adequate, with clear respect for the history of Russia.
      1. Standard
        Standard 23 October 2017 17: 44 New
        0
        Quote: Normal ok
        And what is the reason for this reaction?

        The electorate K. Sobchak: whatever you propose, we are against it.
        Intelligentsia...:)
  3. 210ox
    210ox 22 October 2017 07: 11 New
    25
    Yes, we are exceptional! And we will be them. Only this is at home. And we, with our "exclusivity", do not climb around the world and do not intervene where we are not asked.
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 22 October 2017 11: 19 New
      12
      Quote: 210ox
      Yes, we are exceptional! And we will be them.

      Nooooo ... * Exceptional * - those who are EXCLUDED! They are not needed in the total mass equal to you ...
      A RUSSIAN - God's chosen people! Under the auspices of the Mother of God - the Virgin.
      It is on this key issue that the Jews who sold Christ the Savior do not like us. That is why Catholics cannot forgive us Orthodox ...
      But the Amy cannot call themselves * God's chosen * because, well, who can take rabble from all over the world for full-fledged people? Therefore, they are "exceptional", because they can’t even think about God's chosenness!
      This follows from the views of the Russian philosophers of the Silver Age. I think they are right.
      IMHO.
      1. To be or not to be
        To be or not to be 22 October 2017 13: 04 New
        +4
        "Exceptional" - this is not for the Russian hearing and character
        Better are its synonyms:

        -unique, extraordinary, special, non-trivial, extraordinary, unique, special, unusual, extraordinary, rare ...
        1. Normal ok
          Normal ok 22 October 2017 15: 45 New
          +1
          Quote: To be or not to be
          "Exceptional" - this is not for the Russian hearing and character
          Better are its synonyms:

          -unique, extraordinary, special, non-trivial, extraordinary, unique, special, unusual, extraordinary, rare ...

          I’ll add a more recent synonym: those without world analogs!
          1. Setrac
            Setrac 22 October 2017 23: 14 New
            +2
            Quote: Normal ok
            I’ll add a more recent synonym: those without world analogs!

            Do Russians have an analog in the world?
      2. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 22 October 2017 22: 52 New
        +2
        "A RUSSIAN - God's chosen people!" ////

        We, too! drinks Only some chose the pope ("God the Creator"), and others - his son ("Son of God")
        Already two God's chosen people have counted. But, I suspect that if representatives of other nations read this, then our regiment (God's chosen ones) will arrive.
        1. Setrac
          Setrac 22 October 2017 23: 16 New
          +1
          Quote: voyaka uh
          We, too! Only some chose the pope ("God the Creator"), and others - his son ("Son of God")

          But but but!!! We are the children of God, that is, theoretically - we are all Jesus.
          1. voyaka uh
            voyaka uh 23 October 2017 12: 56 New
            +1
            Christians say: "In the name of 1) the Father, 2) the Son, 3) the Holy Spirit" (Holy Trinity).
            And the Jews: "In the name of the Creator God" (the Father). And that’s all.
            Therefore, the Jews seem to consider themselves sons of the Creator God,
            and Christians themselves are sons of the Son of God. That is, as though Christians are the grandchildren of God the Father.
            So it turns out from the Bible what to do ... fellow
            1. Setrac
              Setrac 23 October 2017 14: 03 New
              +1
              Quote: voyaka uh
              Christians say: "In the name of 1) the Father, 2) the Son, 3) the Holy Spirit" (Holy Trinity).

              The Holy Trinity is only among the Orthodox, the Catholics have no Trinity, they do not have the concept of "holy spirit".
              Quote: voyaka uh
              And the Jews: "In the name of the Creator God" (the Father). And that’s all.

              These are your speculations, God the Creator, but not the father, you are not Christians!
              1. Gransasso
                Gransasso 23 October 2017 14: 14 New
                0
                Quote: Setrac
                The Holy Trinity is only among the Orthodox, Catholics have no Trinity, they



                Who told you such nonsense? ...
                1. Setrac
                  Setrac 23 October 2017 14: 55 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Gransasso
                  Who told you such nonsense? ...

                  Do not believe me - the pope.
      3. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 22 October 2017 23: 18 New
        +1
        "It is on this key issue that the Jews do not like us" ///

        It is not true. Jews treat the Russian people very well. Which of the Christians is God's chosen, Jews are not at all interested. Not our topic, so to speak.
        And in everyday and historical terms - the image of the Russians, in general, is good.
      4. Standard
        Standard 23 October 2017 17: 44 New
        0
        Original. The only ones.
      5. fider
        fider 24 October 2017 18: 23 New
        0
        Boa kaa
        A RUSSIAN - God's chosen people!
        You are mistaken, dear. These are the God-chosen Jews, because God gave them the Torah
        .A Russians are impostors.
        1. jonht
          jonht 25 October 2017 04: 21 New
          +1
          And it seems to me that you are not an elected people, but stepsons, even though God the Father ....
          I think you will find examples .... wassat
    2. You Vlad
      You Vlad 22 October 2017 14: 23 New
      +2
      Quote: 210ox
      Yes, we are exceptional!

      The Americans are exceptional now, the Germans were exceptional to them! We do not need such happiness! We are just Russians with a great history! With a great sense of justice repeat
      1. Setrac
        Setrac 22 October 2017 23: 17 New
        +1
        Quote: you Vlad
        The Americans are exceptional now, the Germans were exceptional before them!

        You need to know history, Germans are not "exceptional", Germans are "perfect", "superior"
    3. fider
      fider 24 October 2017 18: 12 New
      0
      210ox
      Yes, we are exceptional! And we will be them. Only this is at home. And we, with our "exclusivity", do not climb around the world and do not intervene where we are not asked.

      And don’t you climb? You forgot Finland, the Baltic states, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary. This is by and large. And more on the little things.
      1. Paranoid50
        Paranoid50 25 October 2017 20: 44 New
        +1
        Quote: fider
        And we, with our "exclusivity", do not climb around the world and do not intervene where we are not asked.

        laughing laughing laughing wassat wassat wassat From the heart ... Hey-bo, the evening was a success. yes
  4. Jingibi
    Jingibi 22 October 2017 07: 11 New
    +2
    The Americans are sharp guys. They, like no one, understand the principle - winners are not judged.
  5. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 22 October 2017 07: 32 New
    23
    Surprisingly, the American historian is right. If American politicians had well studied history and not been obsessed with their "exclusivity" and permissiveness, then perhaps something would have been understood. The main thing - do not go to war in Russia and do not "wake a sleeping bear", it’s more expensive for yourself.
    The GDP in Valdai correctly said: "Our mistake is that we trusted you (the West) and you deceived. Yours is that you mistook confidence for our weakness."
    1. Stas157
      Stas157 22 October 2017 09: 07 New
      +7
      Quote: rotmistr60
      GDP in Valdai: "Our mistake is that we trusted you (the West), and you deceived. Yours is that you took trust for our weakness."

      How naive it sounds! And it is strange to hear this from the president of a great country. Has the West not deceived us throughout our long history? Isn't that what Soviet propaganda warned about? And suddenly hear from a Soviet intelligence officer that he was deceived ?? This is a recognition of their own incompetence.
      1. esaul
        esaul 22 October 2017 12: 41 New
        +7
        Quote: Stas157
        How naive it sounds! And it’s strange to hear it from the president of a great country

        Your interpretation of Putin’s words is very strange. He told the collective West in person that they are a swindler who has no place to put a stamp on, and you are talking about weakness. no
        1. Stas157
          Stas157 22 October 2017 15: 59 New
          +6
          Quote: esaul
          Your interpretation of Putin’s words is very strange. He told the collective West in person that they are a swindler who has nowhere to stamp

          You are the one who interprets Putin’s words, not me! In what place did Putin say about Julie and the Stigma ??
          GDP in Valdai: "Our mistake is that we trusted you (the West), and you deceived. Yours is that you took trust for our weakness."
          Our president complains. Offended by partners. And he throws it not in the face of the West, but in the depths of Russia, on Valdai. This is the very crook Putin calls partners, but not crooks! Give you links?
          1. You Vlad
            You Vlad 22 October 2017 16: 57 New
            +1
            Quote: Stas157
            Our president complains.

            You won’t get bored with your juggling, your imagination goes wild fellow
            Quote: Stas157
            And he throws it not in the face of the West, but in the depths of Russia, on Valdai.
            He was giving an interview to a journalist!
            And here is what he told them (the West) in person:


            Quote: Stas157
            This is the very scam Putin calls partners

            He is a politician, for this he is forced to say so!
            And so it’s not beautiful at all. Stas157 you distort the words of the President of Russia!
            It’s not you there with such a hairstyle fellow? It looks like the same thoughts broadcast.
            1. Stas157
              Stas157 22 October 2017 20: 03 New
              +5
              Quote: you Vlad
              You won’t get bored with your juggling, your imagination goes wild

              Yes, you show me at least one of my distortion! I’m not distorting the speech of our president.
              Quote: you Vlad
              And here is what he told them (the West) in person:

              So this is not Valdai speech! And a speech a decade ago. However, indicate where it is in the face of the West stated:
              He told the collective West in person that they are a swindler who has nowhere to stamp


              Quote: you Vlad
              He is a politician, for this he is forced to say so!

              So you agree with me, what Putin calls swindlers partners? Then what are we arguing about?
              1. Golovan Jack
                Golovan Jack 22 October 2017 20: 27 New
                +9
                Quote: Stas157
                Quote: you Vlad
                He is a politician, for this he is forced to say so!
                So you agree with me, what Putin calls swindlers partners? Then what are we arguing about?

                Stas, don’t be stupid. There is such a thing - an analogy, and now I will give you this:
                Let's say one of your colleagues is a rare hoopoe. But at the same time, you, at work, never refer to him that way. Ethics ...
                The same is true in politics. The appeal is accepted - "partner", then partner ... and the fact that he is a swindler at the same time, it seems to be implied.
                See how simple it really is? wink
              2. Humungus
                Humungus 23 October 2017 00: 09 New
                +1
                Calm down, miserable, no one should prove anything to you. crooks and thieves in your apartment, catch everyone.
              3. You Vlad
                You Vlad 23 October 2017 02: 55 New
                +1
                Quote: Stas157
                And suddenly hear from a Soviet intelligence officer that he was deceived ?? This is a recognition of their own incompetence.

                Quote: Stas157
                Yes, you show me at least one of my distortion! I’m not distorting the speech of our president.

                So who did the West throw? Gorbachev or GDP? And he does not complain, how do you put it here, but only says that they are not a lot of how you say, crooks! And here the question is drawn, how can you negotiate with the crooks (translation specially for Stas with diplomatic) He talked about this ...
          2. Humungus
            Humungus 22 October 2017 20: 42 New
            0
            In your opinion, he should have got a knife from his legs and rushed to cut them all for deception? How old are you? Everyone understood everything, and about knives too!
      2. Standard
        Standard 23 October 2017 17: 46 New
        0
        Quote: Stas157
        This is a recognition of their own incompetence.

        Why "how"?
        1. turbris
          turbris 25 October 2017 12: 07 New
          +1
          Well do not like Stas157 president, is not it clear? Probably Navalny and Sobchak are better suited to throw a glove in the face of the West and they are more competent in all matters.
  6. midshipman
    midshipman 22 October 2017 07: 45 New
    10
    The article missed the victory of our country over Japan. This victory was associated with the liberation of China and our Far Eastern territories, captured by the Japanese earlier. I have the honor.
    1. Rurikovich
      Rurikovich 22 October 2017 08: 25 New
      0
      Quote: midshipman
      The article missed the victory of our country over Japan

      Grigoryevich, we got in there apassly of when the main enemy, Germany, was defeated. Most of the work in Japan was really done by the United States. Therefore, to say that we defeated Japan is equivalent to the fact that the United States defeated Germany request Let's not be like the West in distorting the facts. We just accelerated the fall of Japan (namely, its land component) and liberated a number of occupied territories. Exactly what the USA did in Europe when we were already moving towards Victory yes soldier hi
      1. ML-334
        ML-334 22 October 2017 08: 40 New
        +7
        I fundamentally disagree with you in the assessment of the "land component." The ridge was broken precisely by our army.
      2. akims
        akims 22 October 2017 13: 36 New
        +2
        Oh well, what about the fact that the Stalinist falcons fought in China against the Yaps since 1936?
        Plus advisers and gun assistance
      3. Humungus
        Humungus 22 October 2017 21: 15 New
        +3
        Is the Quantum Army "nothing" for you? And this is more than a million of the army of Japan, and the battles there were far from "childish".
        The best generals, the best troops, the most trained commanders were sent to fight them. Malinovsky, Shaposhnikov, a quick breakthrough and cutting all the available ways of supplying the Japanese army, this is a triumph of tactics and strategy. No one expected such successes at all, even ours. Americans knocked out small garrisons from the Ostrava for 3 years, but did not closely meddle on the mainland.
        Because to fight, do not trade.
        Bombs only, on the country that had already surrendered, dirty tricks took revenge ... did not hesitate to "brand new" to rush to the cities where there were not even military factories, because there was no sense in anti-aircraft artillery.
      4. Standard
        Standard 23 October 2017 17: 47 New
        +2
        Quote: Rurikovich
        we climbed in there with the apostles of when the main enemy was defeated - Germany

        We got into it under the Treaty with the USA.
        And the main bloody work was done by our troops.
    2. Jingibi
      Jingibi 22 October 2017 08: 48 New
      +5
      There is a small historical fact that after the defeat of the Kwantung Army, Soviet troops left China only in 1954. Foresight was Koba, did not allow younger brothers to develop
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 22 October 2017 15: 25 New
      +3
      Quote: midshipman
      The article missed the victory of our country over Japan. This victory was associated with the liberation of China and our Far Eastern territories, captured by the Japanese earlier. I have the honor.

      Absolutely.
      Hirohito was scared of the Red Army, not nuclear bombing. He counted on unacceptable US losses in the event of an invasion of Japan, as a factor in bargaining for peace on conditions less acceptable to the Japanese. In the case of a Russian landing, he would simply be hanged. Therefore, he insisted on surrender.
    4. Setrac
      Setrac 22 October 2017 23: 25 New
      0
      Quote: midshipman
      I have the honor.

      Is it in a sexual sense?
      1. jonht
        jonht 25 October 2017 04: 28 New
        0
        This is for those who have it (Honor).
        Forum of perverts on other sites look .....
        1. Setrac
          Setrac 25 October 2017 09: 05 New
          0
          Quote: jonht
          Forum of perverts on other sites look .....

          But isn’t I “having honor”?
          1. jonht
            jonht 25 October 2017 23: 56 New
            0
            You have a perverted concept of the word "HAVE", read Dahl's explanatory dictionary .....
            And if for you to "have" only a type of relationship, then as they say that is, then "have" ....
            1. Setrac
              Setrac 26 October 2017 14: 22 New
              0
              Quote: jonht
              You have a perverted concept of the word "HAVE", read Dahl's explanatory dictionary .....

              Exactly, read Dahl’s dictionary, they’re not just “honored”, the phrase is taken out of context and therefore sounds so ambiguous in idiotic terms.
              For example, "I have the honor to do this or that (or imagine this or that)."
  7. The comment was deleted.
    1. turbris
      turbris 27 October 2017 10: 59 New
      0
      Quote: VadimSt
      In other words, although Russia is not able to compete with the United States and NATO in terms of direct military force, it can still have a strategic advantage: it can destabilize a country or a coalition that can resist it. Understanding this practice of achieving power by other means presents Russia's latest initiatives in a slightly different light.

      Have you forgotten about strategic arms parity? The number of nuclear warheads is approximately the same for Russia and the United States, Russia is the only country in the world capable of inflicting irreparable damage to the United States.
      Quote: VadimSt
      Its annexation of Crimea and eastern Ukraine means that it will never be able to join NATO. Blind bombing in Syria exacerbates the migration crisis, which is becoming a threat to the unity of the European Union. Explains the goal and Russian support for ultra-right parties across the continent.

      It’s a pity for the author of this set of stamps from the Western media. You can not talk about annexation, if you have not visited the Crimea, go, talk with the population and this term will disappear from your head. Blind bombing in Syria, it is precisely the coalition led by the United States, which no one has invited to Syria and it is acting illegally there, the ultra-right parties have received support because of Merkel's migration policy, do not shift from good to bad. In general, the author would like to wish to start thinking with his own head, and not set forth the stamps of the Western media here.
  8. samarin1969
    samarin1969 22 October 2017 08: 29 New
    +1
    Many began to appear on the tapes of RUSSIAN resources of "analytics" from American and British "scientists." Their essence lies in the technological breakthrough of the Russian army and the growth of "imperial ambitions." Both are exaggeration.

    These articles are for "internal Russian use": "The right course - the enemies are afraid" ...
  9. Jingibi
    Jingibi 22 October 2017 09: 03 New
    +1
    American reasoning is correct. States - position their right to decide for others "unfading democratic values." The Russian Empire - the historical mission of the humanization and protection of peoples entering or included in its orbit. But only small nations no one asks if they want democracy to appear or to humanize.
  10. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 22 October 2017 09: 07 New
    +8
    I love Western analysts. In fact - one trifle is missing. Turkey. Which methodically grind European countries one after another. Possessing developed metallurgy, that is, powerful siege cannons, the Turks took castle after castle, region after region, country after country ...
    Until the moment when Ivan the Terrible for his (clear business) reasons did not lure the huge Turkish army into our territory, with all its guns (and metallurgists.) It was customary - you cast the gun, you shoot from it, you will tear to pieces, if cast poorly) and destroyed. Under Molody, the usual military victory was not achieved, the troops of the Turks and Tatars were precisely destroyed completely. The conquest of Europe has ceased ...
    According to the conclusions. Well, lovely! European coalitions attacked Russia. At every slightest opportunity, the Europeans rushed to kill, rob, rape, burn us in a single impulse. And Russians suspected that these were conspiracies! Ekary babai ... A man caught a "friend" on his wife. And he had suspicions that his wife was hiding something from him, and a friend, it seems, did not tell him everything ...
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 22 October 2017 15: 39 New
      0
      Quote: Mikhail3
      I love Western analysts. In fact - one trifle is missing. Turkey. Which methodically grind European countries one after another. Possessing developed metallurgy, that is, powerful siege cannons, the Turks took castle after castle, region after region, country after country ...
      Until the moment when Ivan the Terrible for his (clear business) reasons did not lure the huge Turkish army into our territory, with all its guns (and metallurgists.) It was customary - you cast the gun, you shoot from it, you will tear to pieces, if cast poorly) and destroyed. Under Molody, the usual military victory was not achieved, the troops of the Turks and Tatars were precisely destroyed completely. The conquest of Europe has ceased ...
      According to the conclusions. Well, lovely! European coalitions attacked Russia. At every slightest opportunity, the Europeans rushed to kill, rob, rape, burn us in a single impulse. And Russians suspected that these were conspiracies! Ekary babai ... A man caught a "friend" on his wife. And he had suspicions that his wife was hiding something from him, and a friend, it seems, did not tell him everything ...

      Hungarians saved Europe from the Turks. Unsuccessful assault on Vienna, etc.
      1. Setrac
        Setrac 22 October 2017 23: 31 New
        +1
        Quote: Krasnodar
        Hungarians saved Europe from the Turks. Unsuccessful assault on Vienna, etc.

        Isn't Vienna Austria? So who is the savior?
    2. Humungus
      Humungus 22 October 2017 23: 39 New
      +1
      "with all its guns (and metallurgists. It was so accepted - you cast the gun, you shoot from it, you will tear it to pieces if it was poorly cast)."

      And where did you read such a fuck ... Casters were worth their weight in gold! Well, the cannon was torn apart ... which was rare, all of them (guns) were fired, weapons tests were at their best. No one would go into battle with a "not fired" cannon that they could "tear apart."
      That’s you, test these guns ....
      They loaded the 2nd amount of gunpowder there, then they shot, mind you, aunt didn’t put on the barrel!
    3. Humungus
      Humungus 22 October 2017 23: 57 New
      +1
      Yeah, they rob and kill us. Why are these Russians suspicious?
  11. Captain Nemo
    Captain Nemo 22 October 2017 09: 38 New
    +1
    Damn, if in the West they pay money for such articles, then I will also start, perhaps, to pee with them
    1. VadimSt
      VadimSt 22 October 2017 09: 43 New
      +1
      Pee on them? They may misunderstand! laughing wassat
  12. grandfather Mih
    grandfather Mih 22 October 2017 09: 51 New
    +5
    Preamble.
    “Rabinovich, were you visiting us yesterday? "-" It was! "-" So after your departure, silver spoons disappeared! "-" But I did not take them, I am a decent person! "-" But the spoons still disappeared! So don’t come to visit us anymore !. . Rabinovich, spoons were found! ” “So, can I come to visit?” "-" Uh, no spoons were found, but the sediment remained! "
    If you call a spade a spade, then the "sediment" actually means a spot that the hero of this old joke accidentally put on a reputation. However, the virtuality of this spot does not at all preclude serious psychological and material damage, which to inflict consciously will not be difficult for competitors or manipulators ”(as in the original). (Alexey Khoroshev 7 years ago).
    Quote:
    "America is not the only country that positions itself as an exceptional" power of goodness ", without which the world cannot do."
    Justified. Attention is focused on "exclusivity." And there- kagal, clan, gurt- already formed an opinion. Nah yes. Correct their own reputation at the expense of others .... It’s rude and visible: the elf pig’s “ears” stick out from the article. With money. "The power of good." Yeah.
  13. sabakina
    sabakina 22 October 2017 10: 24 New
    +4
    I wonder why the author did not remember about the Entente? Was it a shame?
  14. X
    X Y Z 22 October 2017 11: 20 New
    +4
    Even the aggressive campaigns of Russia gain a defensive hue, thanks to which by the end of the XNUMXth century the country had turned into a huge empire, occupying one sixth of the land.


    Well, here the expert either forgot or bashfully kept silent about the fact that the "aggressive" wars, unlike the colonial wars of the collective "West", were accompanied, in the future, by the construction of schools, roads, factories, hospitals, etc., and not total robbery and export to the metropolis of all at least a little valuable. Russia did not live and grow rich in robberies, but in wise imperial politics, educating and educating peoples, preparing them for entry into a civilized society. To confirm this thesis, it is enough to recall the state in which these peoples were before entering the Russian Empire, starting from the Baltic states and to Central Asia.
  15. _Jack_
    _Jack_ 22 October 2017 12: 46 New
    +1
    Well, if we discard emotions, then, in principle, everything is correctly written. But this does not in any way detract from all these victories.
  16. Standard
    Standard 22 October 2017 14: 22 New
    0
    Well, essentially he's right. The more Americans learn about Russian identities, the easier it will become for us.
  17. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 22 October 2017 21: 00 New
    0
    What broke off the chain? Well Amer, the same ordinary person, only exceptional. And he suspects that we are the same:
    America is not the only country that positions itself as an exceptional "power of good", without which the world cannot do. Russia is also engaged in something similar.
    And as a historian he tried to get to the roots of "our exclusivity." By the way, I recommend looking at the article’s diver, there are many interesting links.
  18. 16112014nk
    16112014nk 22 October 2017 21: 03 New
    +3
    "Russia is ruled directly by the Lord God. Otherwise, it is impossible to imagine how this state still exists" ©
    Minih - Field Marshal
  19. Drako
    Drako 23 October 2017 22: 46 New
    +1
    Posted by Gregory Carleton, American historian, professor at Tufts University
    Well, that is, so that you understand, everything was written, or rather, translated from the one written by a person who is familiar with history only by hearsay, and then, most likely, only in its American edition, because it does not pretend to be more, the article is mediocre, for the American layman. Spread it here, but does it make sense? Pure for neighing?
    Well, humor could have been added, according to Zadornov, and so, - nah .. ya?
  20. turbris
    turbris 24 October 2017 12: 42 New
    0
    And I think that the people living in Russia are the most normal people on this earth, who have built up their exclusivity in numerous wars and revolutions.
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