Military Review

Fedor Ushakov - the holy admiral

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Fedor Fedorovich Ushakov, the future great Russian naval commander and admiral, was born (13) 24 in February 1744, in the village of Burnakovo in an impoverished noble family. In 1766, Fedor graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps and went to serve in the Baltic.


A native of Yaroslavl Province, Fedor Fedorovich Ushakov remained in stories The Russian empire was a brilliant naval commander, a devoted servant of his homeland and a righteous Christian. The future admiral was born two hundred and sixty-seven years ago in the distant 1745 year. His birthday on modern calculus falls on February 24. To this memorable date, we propose to recall all the merits of this brilliant naval commander, who did not lose a single vessel for the entire period of his leadership and did not surrender a single seaman.



The memory of this amazing person still lives in the Fatherland. Awards are named after him, magnificent sea vessels, and also an interesting film was made about such an amazing life of the admiral. An asteroid is named after Fedor Ushakov, and the Orthodox Church canonized him as the patron saint of the naval forces.

The father of the brilliant admiral was dismissed from service from the Life Guard with the rank of sergeant of the Preobrazhensky regiment and to the fleet had no relationship. Ushakov’s remarkable relative was his uncle Fedor Sanaksarsky, with whom he was often confused. However, in reality they are completely different personalities. Admiral Ushakov from his uncle inherited unlimited faith in God, as well as the ability to humbly endure all life changes, not even the most successful ones. The Ushakov family was distinguished by strict observance of Orthodox customs, and Fedor Fedorovich himself was characterized by a meek and modest man.

Ushakov spent his childhood and youth in his father's village, Burnakovo, and received his primary education at the Church of the Epiphany on the Island. The conditions of his upbringing were distinguished by a special austerity and modesty of life, since the family adhered to high moral principles and was not rich at all. In addition to Fedor Fedorovich, three more brothers grew up in the family: Semyon, Gavrila and Ivan. Daily prayer and regular fasting remained forever in the life of the admiral. However, despite the meek disposition and modesty, Fedor Fedorovich was distinguished by his bravery and already in his youth he went with the elder to the forest to hunt, including the bear.

As soon as the boy turned 16 years, he was sent to the Sea Szlachiet corps of cadets, where he distinguished himself by successes in the field of history and military sciences. Fedor Fedorovich graduated from St. Petersburg corps fourth in academic performance. In 1763, Ushakov became a midshipman, and a year later a corporal. Already in 1766, the young youth is a midshipman and with 1767 he embarks on his first voyage on a ship called Nargin. Acquaintance with the open sea on the way from Kronstadt to Arkhangelsk marked the beginning of Ushakov’s brilliant military career. Rounding Scandinavia, the young and inexperienced Fyodor Ushakov received the most valuable knowledge and comprehended the science of navigation. A flexible, sharp mind and good memory allowed him to become one of the best on the ship and earn the respect of his comrades.

In 1768, Ushakov served under the command of Captain Greig on the Three Hierarchs and, after sailing the Gulf of Finland, was sent under the command of Senyavin to the Azov fleet. It was under the command of Senyavin Fedor Fedorovich for the first time able to practice maneuvering and shooting. Basically, the task of the Azov flotilla was to protect water spaces and the coastal zone in order to prevent the landing of the enemy assault. After the Russian-Turkish war was over, the Russian Empire had the opportunity to deploy its fleet on the Black Sea. For the first time, Ushakov became the captain of the ships of the sailing "Hector" and then a bot called "Courier". Each new position allowed the future admiral to accumulate invaluable experience, which was so useful to him in the future. Walked Ushakov and on the improved ship "Morea", as well as on the ship "Modon". Each new ship became the next stage of honing the skills of the young commander, and the tasks were performed at the highest level.

In 1780, the young Ushakov opens up the prospect of a successful secular career and is given the opportunity to approach the mercies of the imperial court. He is appointed captain of the imperial yacht. However, such an appointment was perceived by Fedor Fedorovich without much enthusiasm, and after a short period of time he was sent to the Sukhotin squadron. In the 1776 year, being in the rank of lieutenant commander, Ushakov commanded the "Northern Eagle", and then the frigate "St. Paul." When serving in the Sukhotin squadron, Fedor Fedorovich gains additional experience and deserves the respect of commanders for their courage and love of their subordinates. It must be said that throughout the entire service in the navy of the empire, Ushakov did not change his way of life and strictly adhered to Orthodox canons. It was a caring, but fair and stern commander. What distinguished the future admiral was that he never regretted himself, and did not throw the subordinates ashore and did not throw into rash enterprises. Each action associated with a risk to people was measured and calculated to the smallest detail.

Fedor Fedorovich introduced his significant contribution to the construction of impregnable Sevastopol. According to the testimony of his contemporaries, Ushakov so selflessly joined in the work that sometimes with a lack of funds he transferred his own salary and savings to pay for certain works. Upon arrival at the fortress, Catherine the Great noted Ushakov among the most distinguished officers.

However, a decisive rise in the career ladder began with the entry into the war with Turkey from 1787 to 1789. In the battle of Snake Island (otherwise called Fidonisi) in 1787, thanks to the resourceful actions of 4's frigates commanded by Ushakov, Turkish ships, superior Russian forces several times, suffered a crushing defeat and were forced to flee. The tactics of the talented captain of the brigadier rank were quite simple: do not let the ring around the Russian ships; impose battle on the Turkish flagship, appointed to lead the entire course of the attack. The ability to unravel the intentions of the enemy only on certain grounds of construction and maneuvers, instantly make a competent decision, and also amazing courage and abandonment of standard methods and methods became a special feature that distinguished Ushakov from a number of other officers.



However, the brilliant actions of the promising Ushakov became the basis for the conflict with the commander of Voinovich. Fyodor Fedorovich's career was saved by the timely intervention of Potemkin. In his address to the Empress, Voinovich was completely incapable of organizing successful operations of the Black Sea Fleet, while at the same time he focused on the merits of promising Ushakov. Potemkin expressed his admiration for the sharpness of mind and the abilities of Fedor Fedorovich, comparing it with the unlucky Voinovich. The result was not long in coming, already in 1789 he was given the rank of Rear Admiral.

Personal relations Potemkin and Ushakov evolved very well. Two talented and devoted commanders of Russia understood and respected each other. Fyodor Fedorovich, due to his active nature, could not tolerate various kinds of bureaucratic delays and administrative routine, so he was released from its execution by order of Potemkin.

After the defeat at Fidonisi, Turkish commanders were instructed to take revenge. The ships of Ushak Pasha, and that is how the Turks called Ushakov, was ordered to be defeated. However, a series of clashes with the gaining strength of the Russian fleet showed Ushakov's superiority. Even the superior opponent could not stand against the lightning fast and unconventional decisions of the commander in chief. The advantage of rear admiral was the rejection of habitual and stereotypical actions and moves. The Turks could not foresee the plans of Fedor Fedorovich and inevitably suffered a defeat. The name Ushak Pasha rattled not only within Russia, Turkish commanders were frankly afraid of it. Even excellence in gunshot weapons could not save the enemy from defeat, since Ushakov skillfully fought at very close ranges and used all possible artillery and guns.

Battleship in the Kerch Strait 8 July 1790


In the 1790 year, at the meeting of the Russian fleet, speaking in the direction of Sevastopol, with the stronger and equipped ships of the Kapudan-Pasha Gussein, the victory was won again. This clash can be called a fight very arbitrarily, because when the Ushakov forces were discovered, the Turks quickly and unorganized began to retreat. Fedor Fedorovich had only to go on the offensive and smash the enemy ships. 1791 the year was marked by the brilliant victory of the Russians at the cape named Kaliakria, after which peace was concluded on favorable terms for the Empire, and the successful commander was given the rank of vice admiral.

After the death of the empress, Ushakov was appointed commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean fleet. Here Fedor Fedorovich, who became hardly a world celebrity, was entrusted with the promotion of the anti-French coalition. Former opponents became allies. The Turkish government instructed its commanders not only to obey a talented commander, but also to diligently learn from him.

Battle at Cape Kaliakria 31 July 1791


Good luck did not leave Ushakov in the Mediterranean. For a short time, the Russian forces, together with the Turkish fleet, liberated the Ionian Islands from the French presence. During the actions, not only the vice admiral's leadership skills, but also diplomatic talent were revealed. For example, the impregnable fortress of Corfu was helped by the locals to take over the commander-in-chief, whom he addressed on the eve of the attack. At 1799, the flotilla successfully occupied cities on the Italian coast, while Suvorov scored brilliant victories on land. Thanks to Suvorov and Ushakov, the authority of the Russian military forces soared to an unattainable height. In 1799, Fedor Fedorovich was finally given the rank of admiral. However, already in 1800 the Russian ships were recalled to Sevastopol, due to the deterioration of relations between the allies.

When Alexander I came to power, the value of the fleet fell, since the new emperor did not consider it significant for the country in this period. In 1806, Ushakov was recalled from the service and his knowledge, experience and abilities ceased to be used. Fedor Fedorovich adequately accepted this fact. At all times, his service was a belief in God and high moral principles guided the behavior of the admiral. Graciousness, modesty and self-sacrifice instilled from youth, together with devotion to the Fatherland and the sovereign, allowed Ushakov to accept such a turn of fate calmly. Back in 1804, he wrote a report on his service for the good of the Motherland, in which it was said that during the entire period of his command the enemy could not sink any of the ships entrusted to him, and also take prisoners. The brilliant career of an amazing person was over.

In December 2000 of the Year, His Holiness Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia Alexy II blessed to glorify Admiral of the Russian Fleet Theodore Ushakov in the countenance of the righteous local honored saints of the Saransk diocese. And in August 2006, the only temple in the world dedicated to the holy sailor was consecrated in Saransk.


A huge number of orders, awards, titles, memorable gifts - all this was in possession of the famous commander. Despite the opportunity to remain in a secular society, where he was respected and appreciated by all, and the young men simply bowed to him, Ushakov preferred to retire in his village. His life in old age was more like a monastic. Fedor Fedorovich was never married, and he spent all his savings on charity. He made large contributions for the benefit of the church, participated in the fate of the unfortunate and disadvantaged, took care of orphaned nephews. The terrible admiral of the Russian fleet lived in modesty and even in poverty, since he considered it worthy of a real Christian. He prayed a lot and lived for a long time in the monastery, idle for hours in the church for worship services.

In 1812, Fedor Fedorovich was elected commander of the militia assembled in the Tambov province to resist Napoleon's troops, but Ushakov could not accept this honor, because he was already weak and sick. However, righteous and selfless, the admiral organized a hospital for the wounded, and also donated large sums, both for the militia and for other needs. In 2001, the Orthodox Church canonized Ushakov and ranked him among the righteous, which he certainly deserved.
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  1. Reks
    Reks 24 February 2012 08: 18
    +8
    Thanks to Suvorov and Ushakov, the authority of the Russian military forces soared to an unattainable height ............. !!!! drinks good I kneel, Russia always kept such people (But I didn’t know shame for the episode with the joint campaign with the Turks against the French)
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 24 February 2012 09: 23
      +7
      In fact, the films "Admiral Ushakov" and "Ships Storm the Bastions" were repeatedly shown on TV - how did you manage not to watch them? Every holiday has been shown over the past years ... laughing
      1. Reks
        Reks 24 February 2012 09: 31
        +1
        Quote: Brother Sarich
        For each holiday show

        repeat I admit, I realized the brake .... laughing The wimp did not vtyuhal topic ... I brake! Hello Brother Sarych!
      2. Kibb
        Kibb 24 February 2012 16: 43
        +2
        Well, I also never got what to do ((
        But about F.F. There is much to say about Ushakov. The British believed that a tantalous naval commander in character needed four aces (let's say this is Nelson and we will compare with him), so Ushakov had five roofing felts, a joker roofing felts, but if you compare similar situations (there are absolutely no similar Ushakov will rightly be a cut above. You can argue about the decisions of Sinyavin, Nakhimov, Kornilov, Makarov .... this list can be continued by great enough people from other countries, but USAKOV
        Quote: Minesweeper
        More to the army and navy of such people as Ushakov and Suvorov
        1. Brother Sarych
          Brother Sarych 24 February 2012 21: 21
          +5
          More people would be able to understand that next to them are Ushakovs and Suvorovs! Potemkin saw Ushakov’s talent - otherwise we would not have known his name ...
  2. Sapper
    Sapper 24 February 2012 09: 53
    +3
    If there were more people and army such as Ushakov and Suvorov, then we would have the best army in the world.
    1. Regul
      Regul 24 February 2012 10: 08
      +3
      It is a pity that such people are not born often, and in our time, born leaders, in principle, able to become as great, most often choose a different path in life, a person in the army is not financially secure in our time, and the prestige of the army is still to be raised and lift up.
  3. Dimka off
    Dimka off 24 February 2012 10: 31
    +4
    yes, we really need these people now ... really. Then the Army will rise to its feet and will be strong and invincible.
  4. nokki
    nokki 24 February 2012 10: 52
    +4
    We, in Voronezh, in the Admiralty Church, have an icon of the holy righteous Theodore Ushakov, as well as the Andreevsky flag and memorial plaques in memory of the dead submariners on the Komsomolets and Kursk. Here, under the vaults of the Temple, on May 13, 1696, the Russian navy, before the Azov campaign, received its first blessing to serve the Fatherland.
  5. Magadan
    Magadan 24 February 2012 11: 08
    +6
    Almost everything that Russia can be proud of was done by the Orthodox Church and its saints, like Fedor Ushakov, Alexander Nevsky, Dmitry Donskoy, Ilya Muromets. Suvorov, although not ranked among the saints, but in his troops the Orthodox faith was also the main core.
    Russia just needs to return to its true values. Even if a person is not Orthodox, he should value family, traditions, collegiality and loyalty to the motherland above all. Then the new Ushakovs will appear.

    Here is what they write about the day of his glorification:
    “At the beginning the day was cloudy, it seemed, it was about to break out in the rain, Metropolitan Kirill came to the chapel where the holy remains of the admiral were to pray, together with the admirals to carry the coffin on their shoulders. I stood at the entrance. The metropolitan and admirals should were to leave the chapel into the gloomy pre-rain world, but the moment they took their first steps, the clouds opened up and literally a column of sparkling, white sunlight burst from heaven and illuminated the procession. Several thousand pilgrims gasped. Miracle! Yes, miracle. The sky is swift cleared, and the writer Vadim Arefiev managed to remove the clear crosses of white light in the thickness of the diverging clouds ... Miracle! "
    "Well, the next day, the convoy of cars moved to the city of Baltiysk, the base of the Baltic Fleet. A car with an icon and particles of relics was driving ahead. It was gloomy, windy and foggy. Then the prayer of Metropolitan Kirill. Vladyka lifts up the icon of the holy admiral and, oh, a miracle! The clouds began to disperse and twenty minutes later over the Baltic there was a clear, clear, blue sky. Vladyka Barsanuphius turned to me and joyfully exclaimed: “Well, how then!” Yes, as then in Sanaksar, the sun miraculously illuminated the arrival of Ushakov's relics to the Baltic Fleet. Then the miracle continued. The clouds parted to the horizon. And on the first boat the commander, the Metropolitan, the priests and several journalists moved along the line of ships. "
    1. Dimka off
      Dimka off 24 February 2012 14: 00
      0
      all right said! if it could be a pluson several times)))
      1. Kibb
        Kibb 24 February 2012 20: 03
        +2
        Quote: Dimka off
        all right said! if it could be a pluson several times)))

        But I would not agree, rightly said below
        Quote: Brother Sarych
        Everything. what Russia is proud of made by its people, the church is secondary, the people themselves tried to transform the church for themselves! Therefore, the Russian Orthodox Church is so different from the rest, even Orthodox ...
        While the church with the people, reflects its aspirations - it will succeed, breaks away from the people - flies to the sidelines of history ...
    2. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 24 February 2012 16: 31
      +5
      Everything. what Russia is proud of made by its people, the church is secondary, the people themselves tried to transform the church for themselves! Therefore, the Russian Orthodox Church is so different from the rest, even Orthodox ...
      While the church with the people, reflects its aspirations - it will succeed, breaks away from the people - flies to the sidelines of history ...
  6. Focker
    Focker 24 February 2012 13: 20
    +6
    Yes, he’s known to me since childhood) From this book I first found out about him, maybe someone read it too)

  7. papss
    papss 24 February 2012 16: 06
    +6
    Eternal memory to him. Together with Suvorov, Kutuzov, Nevsky, Zhukov, Minin, Pozharsky, you will not list everyone. By deed and truth serving the fatherland. Inexhaustible source of patriotism and valor.
  8. Deniska999
    Deniska999 24 February 2012 18: 07
    +1
    thanks for the interesting article
  9. ikrut
    ikrut 24 February 2012 21: 15
    +4
    Great note. Good memory to Fedor Fedorovich and Happy Birthday. Admiral!
    This is unthinkable: "... for the entire period of his command, the enemy could not sink any of the ships entrusted to him, and also take prisoners .."
    A worthy and great son of Russia.
  10. Magadan
    Magadan 24 February 2012 23: 38
    -1
    Quote: Kibb
    Everything. what Russia is proud of made by its people, the church is secondary, the people themselves tried to transform the church for themselves! Therefore, the Russian Orthodox Church is so different from the rest, even Orthodox ...
    While the church with the people, reflects its aspirations - it will succeed, breaks away from the people - flies to the sidelines of history ...

    And when did the Church come off the people? Or flew to the sidelines of history? In the 30 years, perhaps? And how did it end? The fact that Stalin in the 1941 allowed to open churches, returned priests from the fronts, and portraits of Kutuzov, Suvorov, Ushakov began to be hung in general offices (before that they had time to name them and oppressors of the people and ruin their museums). And then, in general, the Red Army strings were replaced by royal shoulder straps, and the commissars were dispersed at Stalingrad.
    So no, this people flies to the sidelines of history, not the Church, and if you do not think it over, it completely disappears.
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 25 February 2012 00: 00
      +3
      But at the end of the 19th century, what happened - if not the gap? And then she finally broke away from the people, and flew to the sidelines of history, and still on the sidelines, and to be there until she changes her mind ...
      I don’t need to repeat nonsense about special religiosity - the Russian people have always lived according to concepts, but not bandit ones. and according to the concepts of goodness and justice, as soon as the church began to violate these concepts, rejection happened ...
      Stupid imposition will not bring to good ...
  11. Nilf-gaard
    Nilf-gaard 25 February 2012 03: 24
    -1
    Magadan,
    Let me subscribe.

    Thank you so much for the article. Let people know about holy warriors, and not be fooled by the fantasies of Canadian dissidents ..

    Brother Sarych,

    the concepts of goodness and justice, --- And where did these concepts come from? Did the church bring them?
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 25 February 2012 12: 06
      +1
      These concepts existed much earlier, in this attitude almost every cult tried to appropriate them ...
      And they were present in the Moral Code of the builders of communism, as soon as the word and deed were divided, so the people began to doubt with the subsequent sad result ...
  12. Magadan
    Magadan 25 February 2012 04: 02
    -1
    Quote: Brother Sarich
    And at the end of the 19 century, what was - if not the very gap? Then she finally broke away from the people, and flew to the sidelines of history

    N-yes, a curious opinion ... winked And in what expression "the departure of the Church to the sidelines of history" can be specified? The country and the people are clear how they flew out - the revolution - the destruction of the elite - the murder of millions by Lenin - the Germans reach the Volga - the collapse of the country of the Soviets, which lived only 70 years - the rejection of lands collected for centuries (the fall of the "republics") - the fall in morals skirting boards. And you can go on and on.
    And now the history of the Orthodox Church: persecution - martyrs for faith - return to the people who called it in 1941-1945 - again persecution - the spread of Orthodoxy through former emigrants (during the revolution) - transfer of Catholic churches to Orthodox churches - mass restoration of Orthodoxy in Russia- reunification of the Russian and Foreign Orthodox Church. I can add that it is necessary to take the queue to the relics of St. Matrona of Moscow from 5 in the morning in order to get to it by 1 of the day.
    So who was hurt in the end? A church without a people falling from it? Or all the people, having fallen from the Church?
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 25 February 2012 12: 15
      +1
      Your position is very clear, I do not see any reason to dissuade you, but ...
      In your view, the world is not only black and white, but everything is also indicated by rough strokes, in reality, the world not only has many colors, but also shades in addition, and not a stroke. and halftone ...
      It is only clear that you were not at all interested in the history of the Russian Orthodox Church properly, and this is really very interesting ...
  13. Georg Shep
    Georg Shep 25 February 2012 12: 28
    +4
    Suvorov and Ushakov are the unfading names of Russian heroes and the glories of Russia. Well, how not to be proud of our homeland.
  14. Nilf-gaard
    Nilf-gaard 25 February 2012 12: 41
    -1
    Brother Sarych,
    almost any cult tried to appropriate them.

    The moral code of the builders of communism --- True, you did not mention what it was written on the basis of!)) And it was written from the words of the authors on the basis of the Gospel. This is easy to verify since this information is available.
    1. Brother Sarych
      Brother Sarych 25 February 2012 16: 49
      +1
      Why write so frank nonsense?
      Do you want to say that the Gospel is the primary source, and before this book there was never anything at all?
  15. Rodver
    Rodver 25 February 2012 14: 19
    +2
    Glory to the Russian Army and Navy and our Russian heroes!
  16. Nilf-gaard
    Nilf-gaard 25 February 2012 19: 48
    0
    Brother Sarych,

    (Suddenly) The New Testament established the current moral law, as well as the number of days in a week). This is not stupidity, it is a fact. And before discussing anything, please read the subject of the dispute. And most importantly, take an interest on the basis of what was written Code of the builder of communism.
    Want to know how you lived before the New Testament? Read the Old Testament.
  17. Veteran
    Veteran 25 February 2012 22: 42
    +6
    Well done Elena, for a reminder of Ushakov.
    I will add. Firstly, FF Ushakov was an innovator of combat operations in "fleet against fleet" operations. In the 1790th century. linear tactics prevailed in all fleets. Ushakov was the founder and creator of the new - maneuverable tactics of the Russian fleet, abandoning the canons of linear tactics and introducing decisive maneuvering into the battle process. The tactics were based on the principle of optimal use of the combat and maneuvering capabilities of ships (a combination of aimed fire and maneuvering by ships) to achieve decisive results by engaging in battle on the move, cutting through the enemy's formation, concentrating efforts on the main direction and disabling, first of all, the flagships the enemy as control centers, quick response to changes in the operational and tactical situation, the desire to destroy the enemy in parts, pursuit him for complete defeat. The first naval battle of the Russian fleet under the leadership of Ushakov, characteristic of this tactics, was the Battle of Kerch in 1787 (amendment to the text of the article: the Russian-Turkish war was fought in the period 1791 - XNUMX).
    It was only in the English fleet at the same time that the methods of new maneuverable tactics of the fleet, based on the work of D. Clerk "Movement of the Fleets" (published in England in 1782-91), began to be applied for the first time. The first to use her techniques were D. Rodod in 1782 (the Dominican battle), but then D. Jervis (1797, Saint Vincent) and G. Nelson (1798, Aboukir, 1805, Trafalgar) were in the English fleet. ... The Russian naval commanders practically did not know about the content of D. Clerk's work until 1803 (before the transfer of Yu. Lisyansky), and the development of the maneuverable tactics of the Russian fleet went on its own independent path (under Abukir, Nelson repeated Ushakov's method at Kaliakria).
    Secondly, F.Ushakov showed innovation in operations in "fleet against coast" operations. The unique operation to seize the French coastal fortress of Corfu without the participation of large special forces of infantry landing delighted A. Suvorov ("... Why wasn't I at least a midshipman in Corfu?"). And it was not the locals who decided the matter, but an excellent analysis of the key defensive structures and the correct choice by Ushakov of the directions of the main attacks and the concentration of forces during the assault (Nelson did not dare to storm Malta). This also includes the landing operations of the detachments of the sailors of the Ushakovsk squadron to capture southern Italy - Naples and Rome. Here, not only tactical, but also operational and strategic talents of Ushakov manifested themselves, who could turn a private tactical success in one of the directions into a general offensive to achieve a strategic goal. In this he was a cut above Admiral Nelson, who had not risen to this level.
    Thirdly, F. Ushakov turned out to be a talented administrator and diplomat. On the Ionian Islands he liberated, he authorized the establishment of a republican form of government (Republic of the Seven Islands) and the de facto independence of the republic. The gratitude of the islanders knew no bounds. (Nelson will soon flood Naples with the blood of its inhabitants).
    Fourth, perhaps for the first time in the fleet, Ushakov, as commander, showed humanity, ease of communication, accessibility with subordinates, and he was modest in his personal life and disinterested. At the same time, he was personally exclusively brave, had a strong character and great will to achieve his goals. He was able to inspire sailors and officers to overcome any difficulties and achieve victory over an enemy superior in strength.
    Fifth, Ushakov was a Patriot and a man with a capital letter. He turned all his considerable values ​​(awards) into donations to the defense of the Fatherland, to war invalids, wounded and other needy.
    Amazing man and holy righteous warrior! Pride of Russia!
  18. Veteran
    Veteran 25 February 2012 23: 06
    +6
    The maneuverable tactics of F.F. Ushakov were improved by his student, Admiral D.N. Senyavin. According to the originality of the design, the novelty and the perfection of the tactical techniques used by Senyavin, the reliability of the squadron management divided into tactical groups can be called the peak of the tactical art of the sailing fleet. All the main tactical methods of naval maneuver combat are concentrated and thought out by the Russian flagship in it.
  19. Kibb
    Kibb 26 February 2012 00: 00
    0
    I also read Dotsenko, and nevertheless you have a plus. I just don’t understand, as soon as the conversation about the Great Russians is presented, everyone is silent, but when the heroes need to be sucked out of the finger, the crowd immediately comes running?
    1. Kibb
      Kibb 26 February 2012 00: 24
      +1
      I don’t know how the saints are, but only for Corfu, Ushakov should be in all the textbooks of all the fleets of the world, but no one could do this.
      Although most likely Kolchak could still
      1. DimanC
        DimanC 1 September 2017 03: 53
        0
        Kolchak could not - he was a careerist. Listen to Boris Yulin, his review of the film "Admiral", there are a lot of interesting things about the character of Kolchak
  20. Veteran
    Veteran 26 February 2012 17: 57
    +5
    The times of Ushakov and Kolchak are too different: the conditions under which they conduct military operations, the capabilities of naval weapons, and, incidentally, the combat missions facing the naval commanders, are very different.
    During the Mediterranean campaign of Ushakov’s squadron, Turkey was an ally of Russia, and the passage through the Bosphorus was open to Russian ships. Corfu, after all, was not the Bosphorus fortifications; there was no powerful coastal artillery from the time of the 1 World War; there were no mine weapons or submarines. Therefore, with the competent and talented use of his forces, Ushakov had two battalions of the Marine Corps to capture the fortress.
    Kolchak was given the task of capturing the northern Bosphorus fortifications of the Turks, and here it was simply necessary to have not only strike and transport ships, but also large forces of the infantry landing (remember the catastrophic failure of the British in the Dardanelles landing operation 1915). Such a formation was formed at the end of 1916 in the form of a Separate Black Sea Naval Division, which was to become the first - strike troop echelon. But the readiness for the operation was first interrupted by the transfer of troops to the Romanian front (due to the complete disruption of the Romanian army, the newly-minted ally), then the Bosphorus landing operation was planned for April 1917, but the February revolution completely thwarted this plan. Thus, Kolchak was not given the historical opportunity to carry out the operation.
  21. Kibb
    Kibb 27 February 2012 17: 52
    0
    Yes, I generally agree with you. I had in mind the taking of land fortifications by the fleet, and could not fail to mention Kolchak
  22. Altergo
    Altergo 29 March 2012 00: 36
    0
    An entertaining person, recently there was a desire to learn more about Ushakov.
  23. chistii20
    chistii20 April 1 2012 17: 08
    0
    I have no words, I admire
  24. Vitalievich
    Vitalievich 27 August 2012 13: 12
    0
    "Do not despair - these formidable storms will turn to the glory of Russia"
    how these words are now needed !!!
    I was a crest, but never when did I separate Ukraine from Russia in my soul!