“Hussar Ballad”: hussars, mentik and pistols - the best historical comedy film in the history of Russian cinema!

“Hussar Ballad”: hussars, mentik and pistols - the best historical comedy film in the history of Russian cinema!

Sunset invisible hand
Bless me
And a memorable willow
I rustle quietly:
No higher share in the world
Dream, love and sing
And at home freedom, freedom
Fighting, die.
(The charming woman is young. Music by T. Khrennikov, lyrics by A. Gladkov)

Military movies were always shot. Like movies on historical themes. They shot it in the USSR, as, however, they shoot it now. Moreover, even then there were stupid ministers who knew everything around the world, there was censorship and “telephone law”, there were leaders who pointed out to the directors what was good and what was bad in the film. However, despite all this, for some reason, such masterpieces of world military-historical cinema as “Alexander Nevsky”, “Peter the Great”, “Battleship“ Potemkin ”,“ Cranes are Flying ”were shot with us. But there is such a wonderful, military, patriotic, sparkling, provocative movie on this list as ... "Hussar Ballad"!

"... And in his native liberty, liberty / Fighting, die." And the music, and the words ... Done right!

Shurochka Azarov, lieutenant Rzhevsky, Kutuzov ... For fans of Soviet cinema, these were not just the characters of this movie, shot in the comedy genre, behind them were real images of the heroes of World War 1812 of the year. The brilliant play of actors, the highly professional work of the director, the magnificent screenplay all together resulted in an interesting, easy, but memorable film. Although the fate of this film was not at all simple, and how many obstacles E. Ryazanov, the director, had to overcome, the director knew, probably, only him. But first things first…

Left Guards Cossack, right Shurochka in a sheepskin coat. And yes, that was exactly the way 1812 was in the winter.

In the beginning was the play. Its author, Alexander Gladkov, to sit down at the feather pushed childhood memories. Then, in early childhood, in two winters mom read aloud to little Sasha and his brother two very serious books - “Children of Captain Grant” and “War and Peace”. The children's imagination so vividly painted the plot pictures that it sometimes seemed to Sasha that he himself participates in the events of 1812 of the year, hears the sounds of gunfire, sees the galloping horsemen and feels the smell of powder smoke. Therefore, when in the autumn of 1940, he had the idea to write a play about the 1812 war of the year, in a strange way in the imagination of Gladkov the long-standing impressions of “Children of Captain Grant” and “War and Peace” were combined into one whole. And it became clear that the play should be born, and certainly fun.

Vyushka, sewing, buttons - all reliably on all 100%!

The Revolution Theater, the first to take the play, began production only in 1943 in the city of Tashkent. Theater artist P.V. Williams managed to make magnificent sketches of the scenery for the play even before the evacuation, but in a terrible evacuation rush all the materials for the play were irretrievably lost, and in Tashkent I had to ask another artist to help with the decoration of the scenery. As Gladkov recalled, he remembered to the smallest detail all the principles of making mock-ups, but during evacuation all copies of the play that were at that time in the theater were lost.

Partisans. What are the types and models of uniforms: a Cossack with a beard on the left, a lancer on the right, a life guard hussar officer in the center ...

Meanwhile, even in 1941, in the besieged Leningrad, on the day of the celebration of the anniversary of the October Revolution, this performance was shown in the unheated theater. And the author of the play himself found out about this several days later, after reading a note in the Pravda newspaper.

And this is the Alexandria Hussar Regiment - the whole uniform is black with white embroidery. But in the feed cap, the shako is apparently lost.

Well, and Eldar Ryazanov, who became the film director of this work, first saw this production in 1944 at the Theater of the Soviet Army. And 17 years later, the young director wanted to film him. Especially since the date was approaching - 1962 year, and the dates in the USSR were taken very seriously!

Lieutenant Rzhevsky was left “in blue”, that is, judging by his uniform, he was a hussar of the Mariupol hussar regiment: yellow sewing, yellow collar. Behind him is the hussar of the Life Guards of the Hussar Regiment, as can be seen from its red mentic, blue chakchiras and eagle on a shako. In all the other hussar shelves on the shako there was a "socket".

And in the spring of 1961, Ryazanov rereads the play “Once upon a time”. Cheerful, mischievous, she just asked for a film. The occasion was quite appropriate: in September 1962, the whole country had to celebrate 150 years from the day of the Battle of Borodino. But this occasion became at the same time a serious obstacle: a great anniversary of a great historical event and suddenly a comedy film ?!

Knightguard Pelymov. How did he come to the partisans?

For Ryazanov, the “Hussar Ballad” was the first film based on historical material, and this was the first screen version of the play. At that time, the play “Once upon a time” was known to both theater-goers, and spectators, and Ryazanov had a very serious task: to make a picture no worse than the original. As conceived by the director, this was supposed to be a genre that would unite both the heroic comedy and the charming vaudeville with the transformation of the girl into the cornet, and the love story so that it was not in the last place.

Tatiana Shmyga in the role of Germon Louise: “Call me, my dear chosen one, let's forget what happened, my dear chosen one!” That's how she fooled Pelymova, and she achieved hers in the end!

Both according to the scenario and in the play itself, the role of the national commander Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov is not the main, but sign and important. Comedic actors were chosen for all the roles, and Ryazanov had no doubt that Field Marshal Kutuzov should also be a comedian. But at the same time, Kutuzov will not be funny, but will be kind and wise. And Ryazanov offered his old friend Igor Ilyinsky to play Kutuzov, but he flatly refused. There are several reasons: too small, almost episodic role, not serious for an actor of this magnitude. And yet, by age, Ilinsky was younger than the field marshal in 1812. Therefore, playing the old man, it could not be very natural. Ryazanov tried as best he could. He persuaded, and lied that the whole studio only dreams that he played this role. Finally persuaded.

"Davyd Vasilyev - commander of the partisans." Obviously, meaning the legendary hussar partisans Denis Davydov. And if so, then yes, that's right: he is wearing the uniform of the Akhtyrka hussars, in which he served: brown mentik, blue chakchirs.

Snow in some episodes of the movie was scented with ... naphthalene. Yes, yes, in the movie and it does not happen. Especially when the winter season is removed almost in the summer. And according to the scenario, the action takes place in the bitter cold! The problem, while the director called it “the hunt for the snow”, was solved like this: the courtyard of the estate, built of a dilapidated church, absolutely the whole crew was covered with the remnants of spring snow. Top it sprinkled with sawdust, then a layer of chalk and ... mothballs. The roof of the house where Shurochka Azarova lived was simply painted white. Railing overlaid with cotton wool, also sprinkled with mothballs. The works were not in vain: the illusion of a frosty, snowy winter was complete. It was more difficult with horses, equipment and pyrotechnics. The actors fought with fake wooden sabers and turned them into the excitement of battle.weapon"In a large wood pile.

“Would you like to give you a pillow? - Oh, what are you, what are you? I am not worthy of such mercy! “I embroidered it with my own hand, although the drawing is not new” - this was the way the ladies flirted with gentlemen

But everything was bathed in the main thing - by the excellent duo of Shura and lieutenant Rzhevsky. There were plenty of candidates for these roles, and these were already “movie stars”. Trying to be a lieutenant and Lazarev, and adored by Ryazanov Tikhonov, and Jurassic. And yet, Yuri Yakovlev won. And all would be fine, but when it was necessary to shoot scenes where he rides a horse ... they sat him in the saddle seven people at a time. The horse carried off the bat, and Yakovlev was just lucky that she had not dropped him on the ground.

There were also several candidates for the role of Shurochka, one more worthy than the other: Alisa Freindlich, Svetlana Nemolyaeva, Lyudmila Gurchenko. But something they all lacked. A suitable actress was a young student, a young Larisa Golubkina. The role of Shurochka Azarova was for her debut. So why did Larisa Golubkina come up for the role of Shurochka-Cornet? Thin waist, boyish-girlish become, a clear voice, and most importantly ... there is nothing yet - "neither here nor there."

"The uniform of the Navarre shooters ..." And Golubkina is also going very well. And you imagine in it Alice Friendlich of that time? One laugh, and only!

Larisa later admitted that she was terribly afraid of mice, and also to jump from a height. But, having gained courage, she nevertheless jumped from the second floor, and, unfortunately, after several takes she injured her leg. The injury made itself felt for a very long time. However, it was worth it! The picture was so successful that many perceived it as the true story of the cavalry maid Nadezhda Durova. Although there was very little in common between these two women, perhaps participation in the Patriotic War of the 1812 of the year, and personal acquaintance with Kutuzov. The uniforms and those were different. Nadezhda Durova served in the Lancers. The hussar uniform was beyond her means!

When the film was shot and a copy was sent to the Ministry of Culture, Ekaterina Furtseva, the USSR Minister of Culture, visited the studio. Ryazanov recalls: "I went to push myself into the director's dressing room, hoping to see the minister, find out if she looked at the picture and what was her opinion." Furtseva he caught the eye. Ekaterina Alekseevna was extremely dissatisfied and spoke rather harshly about Ilinsky as Kutuzov. The minister was categorically against the comedian actor who played Ogurtsov in Carnival Night, and now received the role of a great commander. Furtseva was indignant. Given that the talent of Ilyinsky was valued by the minister very highly, nevertheless, she considered it tactless that he had to play the role of the great Kutuzov. And the viewer, in her opinion, will certainly meet his appearance with a laugh.

Here it is - Igor Ilinsky in the role of Kutuzov. And what's bad?

But then it happened that in the editorial office of the newspaper "Izvestia" shortly before the anniversary date, a new picture was viewed. There was nothing strange about it. The editorial staff of each major newspaper was assigned one day a week to watch a new film, or a creative meeting was held with people of art. The editor-in-chief of the newspaper at that time was A.I. Ajubey, Nikita Khrushchev's son-in-law.

During the session, the entire editorial team laughed incessantly, and after the show, warmly applauded the filmmakers. As they say, the premiere was a success.

After a couple of days in the weekly weekly supplement to Izvestia, a small note appeared by Natella Lordkipanidze. She gave the film a rather high rating, but special words were intended for Igor Ilinsky's play. The author did not stint compliments in his honor. The Ministry of Culture responded to the Ajubeev Week Week's report immediately. Another day passed, and on the facade of the cinema "Russia" - at that time the best in the capital - put up colorful posters inviting to the premiere of "Hussar Ballad". And September 7, exactly on the anniversary of the Battle of Borodino, was held the official premiere show. Photo reporters were invited to the opening, speeches were made here and bouquets of flowers were given. On the stage were the actors, the leading actors in the film. Among them was the widely smiling "offender" Kutuzov Igor Vladimirovich Ilyinsky.

"A girl would be more beautiful!"

The picture was a resounding success. The leader of the rental 1962 of the year, who took second place in the rental by the number of viewers who watched the film - almost 49 million viewers. "Hussar Ballad" received a diploma of the jury of the International Film Festival of comedy films in Vienna in the XXX year.

There are few Frenchmen in the movie, but their uniform is well shown. On the left, a general in a silver-embroidered uniform, on the right, a Uhlan lieutenant!

Well, and this film is really a textbook on the military history of 1812, so to speak its visual embodiment. Although ... and on the "Sun there are spots." “Is your uniform Pavlov, of course?”, The lieutenant Rzhevsky asks Shurochka, bearing in mind that she is wearing the uniform of the Pavlograd hussar regiment? And he receives the answer: “Oh no, that is, yes!” And the answer is wrong! She has a beautifully stitched uniform of the Sumy Hussar Regiment - red chakchirs, gray mentik and dolman with gray vypushkami. And why not ask, and also not answer her: “You have Sumy uniform, of course? Oh, no, that is, yes! ”But, alas, then the Soviet cinema was no different in meticulousness in historical“ trifles ”. Of course, the guns in the film also do not roll back when shooting, although what is easier? I tied the cable to the carriage, dust and dust on command - r-time! - soldiers behind the screen jerk pull! But in the sky shrapnels are very naturally torn - the filmmakers have shown themselves as great!

Here it is, "duel woman" Shurochka with a capsule pistol. However, she was given the wrong gun, not just. There was a reason. The "right gun" was too cumbersome and heavy, not at all for a girl's hand!

But what gun should she shoot with! It is true, the French An 9 pistol (French cavalry flintlock pistol model An IX) is 350 mm in length and 17,1-mm in caliber, but ours were about the same! Weight 1,3 kg! See how it looks in the hand of a man 178 in height, see. For Shurochka's hand, this monster would be too big.

Barrel caliber. Not small, right? More than the DShK and PTDD.

Well, these are bullets for this gun. Such a thing will fall into you - it will not find it enough!

Well, now consider its lateral projection.

But such a gun should have been given to Shurochka when she was with the French. After all, they did not have Russian pistols ...

The film clearly shows the pistols from which Shurochka and Rzhevsky are going to shoot. But they ... caps, and in 1812, they were flint! But this is probably all! And so, of course, the film is wonderful: patriotism without pressure, heroic without excessive pathos, people are shown by people, not by poster mannequins, and they play beautifully. In short, this is how we would shoot today's movie!

And this is the “people” in the role of the charming Nikolai Kryuchkov. Well, without him? And it is important that at the end of the movie it was he who sings the following verse: “And if the enemy is in blind hope / Russia will come to conquer us again / We will chase him, as before ... / Long time ago ... Long time ago ...

P.S. French flint pistol courtesy of the Penza Museum of the Russian Army.

Fig. A.Shepsa
71 comment
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. +13
    6 February 2017 07: 17
    You think in vain

    to the hussar, the pet of glory,

    Loved only a bloody fight

    And was an apostate of love.

    Cupid is not forever a shepherd

    In the flute without interruption plays:

    He often bored with a stick

    With a hussar saber walks;

    He often bravery fire

    It feeds with a love flame -

    And he is so sweet!

    He often with a formidable drum

    The sound of love words disturbs;

    He is so for us under a crack

    Inspires atrocity and love.

    In us, the heart does not always want

    Hear a moan, see a fight, -

    And in his spring shako

    A little darling nestles around ...
    Denis Davydov
    1. Cat
      6 February 2017 11: 27
      Thank! Many thanks!! Thank you so much!!!
      I have no words to express admiration.
      I will look forward to continuing the "analysis" of the wonderful films of the past!
  2. +15
    6 February 2017 07: 34
    And so, of course, the movie is wonderful: patriotism without pressure, heroism without excessive pathos, people are shown by people, not poster mannequins, and they play beautifully. In a word, this is how we would shoot today's movie!

    A wonderful story of a wonderful movie. And a wish to modern filmmakers to the place. Thank. It was very interesting to read.
    1. +2
      6 February 2017 08: 17
      With Ryazanov’s light hand, everyone thought that Napoleon was retreating in the snowdrifts in winter and that Davydov was chasing the enemy through the snowy forests. Is it in September then? laughing
      1. +3
        6 February 2017 09: 33
        Quote: siberalt
        With Ryazanov’s light hand, everyone thought that Napoleon was retreating in the snowdrifts in winter and that Davydov was chasing the enemy through the snowy forests. Is it in September then?

        Perhaps not. Ryazanov himself was seduced. But in many paintings, including contemporaries of the events of 1812, the retreat is depicted with snow. It is clear that the artist sees so. But the winter in 1812 was early.
      2. +4
        6 February 2017 17: 47
        Quote: siberalt
        With Ryazanov’s light hand, everyone thought that Napoleon was retreating in the snowdrifts in winter and that Davydov was chasing the enemy through the snowy forests. Is it in September then? laughing

        In September - the battle of Borodino, and he retreated from Moscow in the winter, raising reserves, hungry, frozen and angry.
        1. +5
          6 February 2017 19: 23
          Quote: Igor V
          Quote: siberalt
          With Ryazanov’s light hand, everyone thought that Napoleon was retreating in the snowdrifts in winter and that Davydov was chasing the enemy through the snowy forests. Is it in September then? laughing

          In September - the battle of Borodino, and he retreated from Moscow in the winter, raising reserves, hungry, frozen and angry.

          7 (19) October the French left Moscow
          12 (24) October Maloyaroslavets
          19 (31) October Vyazma. (Kollenkur writes about the first frosts)
          2 (14) November Smolensk
          4-6 (16-18) November Battle of Red (-8-10)
          14-17 (26-29) November battle on the Berezina and crossing through it. (thaw, rare ice floes floating on the river)
          "... There is a lot of evidence that during the retreat of the Great Army the temperature did not fall below 10 degrees! Denis Davydov wrote that the enemy army, having left Moscow," had been going in good weather for about twenty days. "

          The erratic escape of the huge Napoleonic army began immediately after its defeat at Maloyaroslavets 24-26 (in the old style - 14-16 on October), when the temperature did not drop below 5 degrees of heat. General Segur, one of Napoleon’s closest associates, wrote about this battle: “20 years of continuous victories crumbled to dust ... It was 26 of October when the fateful retreat of our troops to the West began.” And on November 1, Napoleon's other ally, General de Colencourt, wrote the following: “The weather was fine. The emperor said several times that "autumn in Russia is the same as in Fontainebleau"; according to today's weather, he judged what it would be like in 10-15 days, and told Prince Neuchatelsky that "only children can be intimidated by fairy tales about Russian winter ..."

          On November 9, when the French were already in Smolensk, a cold snap occurred for three to four days (until -8С, according to the memoirs of the French general Jomini). “Further,” as Denis Davydov writes, “all the writers already agree that the cold has greatly diminished from Smolensk to Orsha, and if I am allowed to resort to my own memory, I can safely assure that then the frosts ranged from two to four degrees "..."
          1. 0
            6 February 2017 20: 46
            So everything was quite comfortable. Maybe I'm wrong, I have not studied. But some questions remain. Where did the bulk of the Napoleonic army go? And where did the notorious General Frost come from?
            1. +3
              6 February 2017 21: 14
              Quote: Igor V
              Where did the bulk of the Napoleonic army go?

              Starvation, cold, partisans ... For the sake of interest I somehow summed up their losses in all any significant battles - it turned out 170-180 thousand (out of a total loss of 580 thousand). Here is what Wikipedia says:
              “Napoleon lost about 580 thousand soldiers in Russia. According to T. Lenz’s estimates, these losses include 200 thousand killed, from 150 to 190 thousand prisoners, about 130 thousand deserters who fled to their homeland (mainly from among Prussian, Austrian , Saxon and Westphalian troops, but there were examples among French soldiers), about 60 thousand fugitives were sheltered by Russian peasants, city dwellers and noblemen. prisoners of the French brought to the "roar zskie tale "... and voila - there's your free inherited serfs! wink )
            2. +6
              6 February 2017 21: 39
              "... Everyone knows that during Napoleon’s retreat, his army was destroyed by sudden breakthrough frosts. As often happens,“ everyone knows ”what actually did not exist. There were no special cold weather!
              “The cold suddenly intensified. On the night of November 15, the thermometer fell to minus 16 - minus 18 degrees. All roads turned into solid ice, horses of cavalry and artillery perished in the hundreds and thousands every night ... We had to leave and destroy most of our guns and ammunition, ”Napoleon recalled.
              I must say, the emperor quite often, telling about the difficulties of the war, somewhat thickened, to put it mildly, colors. Remember the letter to the brother from the Polish campaign, in which he claims that 15 days did not take off his boots? But in fact, he then spent time with Maria Valevskaya - and was not at all entertained in the dugout. Apparently, in such exaggerations, his acting nature was manifested.
              But there is other evidence. Including - and from the French side. Here is what the witness of events, writer Stendhal, said:
              “It would be a mistake to think that the winter of 1812 came early; on the contrary, the weather was fine in Moscow. When we came out from there on October 19, there was only three degrees of frost and the sun was shining brightly. ”
              The legendary partisan Denis Davydov fiercely protested against the myth of "terrible Russian frosts". Of course, he was upset: the frost killed the French, and we, then, had nothing to do with it?
              Although, of course, everything is relative in the world. In today's France, the temperature minus 10 is considered a natural disaster. But during the retreat of the Napoleonic army there was not even such "terrible" cold weather. While the Great Army was dribbling from Russia, the temperature was mostly ABOVE zero.
              Sometimes people who automatically repeat the tale of frost do not even understand what they are talking about. In fact: for two weeks the frosts were around twenty, and then they came to Berezina - and she did not freeze at all. They mumble something about the "coming thaw." But after such cold weather no thaw of a quiet plain river will open. This is not the Neva with its paradoxical hydrography and equally paradoxical climate. Should such serious frosts have been mentioned, Napoleon’s soldiers would simply have crossed Berezina on the ice.
              The coldest night caught the army already near Smolensk - then frost hit in 8 degrees. That was also not sugar, especially when you consider that the army, leaving Moscow, practically did not take any warm things with it. But for Russia it’s not the temperature ...
              Frosts actually came - but later, when the army had already got out of Russia. Just Napoleon really did not want to recognize the shameful flight of his invincible army. So they came up with the version that "we were defeated by Russian nature." Although, on the other hand ... After all, they knew where they climbed?
              But in the West they believed in fairy tales about the “general frost”. Very shocking was the defeat of the great commander. The French, you see, were sad. Europeans are ashamed. They raised their paws, but the Russians didn’t want to. A special merit in the creation of this tale was made by painters. Painfully invoice was good - an invincible army dying in the snow, swept by snowstorms ... "
              You can read here ... http: //www.e-reading.club/chapter.php/100
              2278 / 53 / Scherbakov_Aleksey _-_ Napoleon._Kak_stat_v
              The analysis of losses is given there, although it is very superficial ...
              1. 0
                6 February 2017 22: 37
                Thanks for the qualified comments.
                Once I watched on TV a reconstruction of the flight of the Napoleonic army, there Moroz and Ice ruled with might and main. With a capital letter. So these reenactors really don't know anything. smile
              2. +2
                7 February 2017 00: 55
                You are completely in vain so derogatoryly write about frosts of 8 degrees. By the way, on November 18, Ney’s corps crossed the Dnieper on ice, losing 3/4 of its personnel. And the Dnieper, although not the Neva, but so simply does not freeze.
                So about eight degrees of frost.
                Cold injuries are caused by low ambient temperature, time of exposure to cold, air velocity, forced position of the body or limb, contact of the skin with metal and water. However, we are not talking about some very low temperatures.
                For an organism, cold is, first of all, a subjective sensation of a relatively low air temperature in relation to a warmer time (place) or to ordinary conditions for a given time (place). Cold fatigue is not the least psychological phenomenon.
                With a long stay outdoors, especially with high humidity and strong winds, frostbite can be obtained in autumn and spring, at air temperatures above zero. Exhausting loads, malnutrition, injuries and even more injuries are associated factors. And the French obviously did not overeat during the retreat. Large diurnal differences also increase cold fatigue.
                So the retreat of the French was by no means a walk.
                1. +2
                  7 February 2017 14: 57
                  I want to support your comment. Here in Western Belarus and frost is 5 degrees worse than in the north minus 15. Indeed, wind and humidity are always present, the sensations of comfort are disgusting. Snow can fall here in October, and then melt, turning into a slurry underfoot, and what was on the feet of the French ... Therefore, frost and temperature scale are relative concepts here, the terrain here is like that, like on a thermometer, but it feels like always worse.
  3. +6
    6 February 2017 07: 43
    Larisa later admitted that she was terribly afraid of mice
    ... "She was always afraid of mice .." (Hf Hussar ballad)
  4. +5
    6 February 2017 08: 42
    Good morning, Vyacheslav Olegovich! It turns out that film science is also in the sphere of your interests. Considering that a lot of films on military subjects were shot in the USSR, the field for creativity is wide.
    And shooting is a really interesting process. When he served in the SA, I was lucky to participate in the filming of two films. Then to attract soldiers to the crowd was commonplace.
    1. +5
      6 February 2017 08: 59
      Since I teach cultural studies, without acquaintance, even at least superficial, with cinema is impossible.
    2. +3
      6 February 2017 10: 19
      Then to attract soldiers to the crowd was commonplace.

      Mosfilm seemed to have a whole horse regiment. And in the film "Waterloo" in the closing credits is the gratitude (in English) of the Soviet Army for "participating in the battle." soldier
      1. +5
        6 February 2017 10: 40
        Now sometimes airsoft players are attracted to shoot, and you don’t need to spend money on uniforms.
        I read it with pleasure. Wonderful movie. And about weapons good
        1. +4
          6 February 2017 11: 11
          Yes, the movie quotes long ago. About attracting extras: what do you like films of the 60-80s - this is undoubtedly a battle. Both guns and we have blunders in the absence of recoil (I will not give examples of films). As far as I understand, not a single film has caused damage to mass shootings more than .. "Lord of the Rings"! It was there that high-quality computer graphics were used to create extras.
          Or, for example, the film "Captain Alatriste" - the massive battle at that time at Rockrois, it seems, shows the work of pikemen and musketeers, but somehow "does not catch", and there is no battle. As far as I understand, this film was shot with the help of reenactors. It even contains an attempt to show the tactics of the Reiters, but ... he rides a horse, waves his gun, but doesn’t shoot! I suspect that if I fired, I would have thrown off the horse too .. Poor somehow, poor .. request
          1. +7
            6 February 2017 11: 34
            Yes, battle scenes, extras, filmed on a large scale. As a child, in the cinema, she watched Ozerov’s “Liberation”, as soon as they went on the screen (there was still a queue for tickets), the film impressions for life. All the same, these films were created for cinemas, the television screen steals many of our impressions and emotions.
      2. +7
        6 February 2017 13: 23
        This regiment was not at Mosfilm.
        The 11th separate cavalry regiment is a cavalry regiment that existed in the Armed Forces of the USSR and Russia for filming in 1962-2002.
        Short name - 11th okp. Conditional name - military unit No. 55605.
        The 11th separate cavalry regiment in the Armed Forces of the USSR was formed in 1962 to participate in filming on the initiative of director Sergei Bondarchuk. The first film in which the cavalrymen starred was the famous epic “War and Peace” of 1967.

        In 1978-1980, the actor Andrey Rostotsky served in the 11th OKP. In the second half of the 1980s, Sergey Zhigunov served in it.

        Until the early 1990s, the cost of maintaining the regiment was paid by the Mosfilm film studio. But then funds for the maintenance of the military unit became sorely lacking. The regiment was reduced ten times, to 457 people and 124 horses. The costs of its maintenance were divided among themselves by the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.

        Gennady Seleznev, convinced that “disbanding the regiment would be a crime”, more than once wrote a petition to preserve the Mosfilm horses. Appealed to the President of the Russian Federation on this occasion and Nikita Mikhalkov.

        As a result, on September 2, 2002, on the basis of the 11th separate cavalry regiment, a cavalry honorary escort was formed as part of the Presidential regiment.
        Films in which the regiment participated.
        “War and Peace” (1967).
        "Prince Igor" (1969).
        Waterloo (1970).
        The White Sun of the Desert (1970).
        "Running" (1970).
        “Say the word about the poor hussar” (1980).
        The Black Arrow (1984).
        “The Battle of Moscow” (1985).
        Bagration (1985).
        The First Horse (1985).
        "Peter the Great" USA, series (1985).
        "The Barber of Siberia" (1997)
        Such is another story. My friend served there.
        1. +1
          6 February 2017 13: 52
          there is still a technical base (at least it was). But to whom is she assigned?
          1. +5
            6 February 2017 14: 20
            The military-technical film base "Mosfilm" (VTKB) exists even now.
            Consists of tank, artillery, automobile and rifle sections.
            There are more than 100 units of tanks and self-propelled artillery mounts:
            tanks and armored personnel carriers “made-up” for various samples of foreign military equipment, various types of armored personnel carriers, automobile equipment, radiotelephone equipment, camping kitchens, including horse drawn trailers,
            airplanes and aircraft layouts.
            There are several dozen pieces of artillery weapons, including foreign ones.
            All equipment is in good condition and ready for filming. Currently, there are 206 units of armored vehicles of different periods and 120 units of wheeled vehicles at the base, which is enough to shoot several pictures at once.
            The "Armory Section" of the Mosfilm Film Concern - an independent structural unit of Mosfilm - has over 3300 units of various weapons, including:
            modern, historical small arms and cold steel;
            weapons of the times of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars;
            some types of foreign-made weapons.
            1. +2
              6 February 2017 14: 47
              Yeah. T-44 fought only in the movies, in the role of stylized "tigers". The German armored personnel carriers depicted post-war copies, “Czechs,” or, as in the film “Battalions Ask for Fire,” the brutal armored personnel carriers BTR-152.
        2. +5
          6 February 2017 14: 12
          An excellent list, I just want to add a film that I watched with pleasure "Hussar of the Volatile Squadron" (1980) with Andrei Rostotsky in the title role, the shooting was during his service.
          1. +3
            6 February 2017 14: 55
            At first, my beloved did not believe that the hussar’s jacket was called a mentic. Everyone has the first associations that this is a police officer of small stature. laughing the former himself, no offensedrinks
            1. +2
              6 February 2017 15: 04
              For women, hussars are ... wink In my opinion at all times. All the same, I found an excerpt with part of the song on wonderful verses by Denis Davydov
            2. +3
              6 February 2017 20: 43
              The etymology of the word is lost somewhere in time. Ukrainian ment "women's fur short fur coat, bordered with braid", bulg. mente "sleeveless cloak, vest, sweatshirt", serbohorv. cop, slvc. mentek, mentýk "mentic". Berenker believed that from the Hungarian. mente "cloak, cloak".
              1. +1
                6 February 2017 21: 24
                Quote: Metallurg
                The etymology of the word is lost somewhere in time

                From the Greek μανδύη - “wool coat” the words “mantle”, “mantilla”, “manto” and many others come
            3. +1
              6 February 2017 21: 20
              Quote: Mikado
              Everyone has the first associations that this is a police officer of small stature.

              As surprisingly, there is such a version - that this word came to our jargon from Hungarian gypsies (since in Hungary mentions were worn not only by hussars, but also by representatives of law enforcement agencies). For the sake of simplicity: about a hundred years ago in Russia the expression "pea coat" also meant "employee".
              By the way, the mentic is not a jacket, but a short cloak: the word itself is of Greek origin (μανδύη - “wool cloak”), one root with “mantle”, “mantilla”, “manto”.
              1. +1
                6 February 2017 21: 37
                As surprisingly, there is such a version - that this word came to our jargon from Hungarian gypsies

                I think this version does not inspire confidence. But for clarifying the origin of the name of the clothes - thank you. good
                1. +1
                  7 February 2017 01: 28
                  Quote: Mikado
                  I think this version does not inspire confidence

                  And why? Do you consider it impossible to borrow in the jargon from the gypsy? What about 100% but the gypsy word "lave"?
                  1. 0
                    7 February 2017 12: 03
                    no, everything is possible. It seems to me that such words first penetrated into criminal jargon, and only then into everyday life. For example, from criminal jargon the words came to us: pea jacket, steal, boor, six, etc.
      3. +2
        7 February 2017 06: 47
        Quote: Mikado

        Mosfilm seemed to have a whole horse regiment. And in the film "Waterloo" in the closing credits is the gratitude (in English) of the Soviet Army for "participating in the battle." soldier

        He was not at Mosfilm, but in Moscow Region. 11th cavalry regiment. Now, on its base, an equestrian escort has been formed as part of the Presidential Regiment.
        It is interesting that Rostotsky and Zhigunov served precisely in him, in the 11th
  5. +2
    6 February 2017 09: 00
    “Hussar Ballad”: hussars, mentik and pistols - the best historical comedy film in the history of Russian cinema!
    forgot to add, in my opinion.

    in Russian maybe the best, but in the Soviet .....
  6. +2
    6 February 2017 09: 23
    I always watch this movie with pleasure.
    But comedies about the Second World War, the matter is very complicated. I like Sergeant Tsibuli's Summer Vacation.
    1. +7
      6 February 2017 13: 15
      Quote: igordok
      I like Sergeant Tsibuli's Summer Vacation.

      belay I can’t remember the crap film!
  7. +10
    6 February 2017 09: 24
    Well, why did Ryazanov live up to (and survived much) perestroika and didn’t actually take anything else off?
    Here you have freedom in the early 90s - do what you want.
    No, it didn’t work out. Capitalism and profit drives everyone.
    And what films he shot !!!
    We can say - the attributes of the culture of whole generations.
  8. +5
    6 February 2017 10: 36
    In the beginning there was a play. Its author, Alexander Gladkov, to sit behind a feather was prompted by childhood memories.

    Here is a dark story. Eldar Ryazanov was also a poet, he completed many scenes in the script of the film, since Gladkov evaded this.
    As for the play "Once Upon a Time", her poems, I argue, were written by an amazing poet. Awesome! But it was not Gladkov.
  9. +4
    6 February 2017 11: 14
    Ilyinsky "starred" the role is small for him, but Kryuchkov did not give up the role of a peasant. Generally a wonderful movie. It is good that Ryazanova did not enter the naval school at one time.
    There used to be a television show where Soviet films were shown by rental leaders in a given year, and before the show, they briefly talked about the creation of the film and its actors. Interesting show.
  10. Ham
    6 February 2017 11: 22
    for the sake of completeness, they forgot only to mention that the aristocracy communicated among themselves in the FRENCH language ...
    those. all these brilliant cornets and cavalry guards among themselves spoke almost exclusively in French
    1. +1
      6 February 2017 11: 44
      And where is the aristocracy? Ordinary army officers. Well, a couple of guardsmen are dating.
      1. Ham
        6 February 2017 12: 45
        "ordinary army officers"? in the hussar regiment? I beg of you...
        firstly, exclusively "noble" nobles served there - "ordinary army officers" could serve in line regiments but not in hussar
        secondly - for the nobility of that time, French was the second language - for communication among themselves like
        did you read War and Peace? and Fonvizin where he describes the provincial noblemen who speak French better than Russian?
        1. 0
          6 February 2017 12: 52
          one of the leaders of the Decembrists, Bestuzhev-Ryumin, asked the investigator to speak with him in French - they say he knows him better than Russian.
          1. 0
            6 February 2017 23: 40
            ... you ... dabbled. because he was from a fairly noble family and so went trying to show his superiority over the investigator.
            1. 0
              7 February 2017 18: 20
              I think, not kobenilsya. He was terribly afraid of death, like, evidence remained.
        2. +9
          6 February 2017 13: 19
          Durova served in the army hussar regiment (for some time), she was no "noble". Yes, and why fantasize. Fortunately, there are works on Russian officers of the 1812 era. For example, the work of Tselorungo D.G. “Officers of the Russian army are participants in the battle of Borodino (historical and sociological research)”, it means that 30% “knew” the French. And at what level is another question.
          Speaking specifically about the hussars, that is, the work of A.I. Begunova "Everyday life of the Russian hussar during the reign of Emperor Alexander I". It says, for example, about the Mariupol regiment (in which Rzhevsky served, by the way): "Another misconception concerns the level of education of hussar officers, a humanitarian education with in-depth study of foreign languages, history, geography, literature was then not accessible to all representatives of the nobility. In the form lists 30 Mariupol officers say a short one: “He can read and write Russian, which corresponds to the current elementary school program. Only graduates of the cadet corps could boast more extensive knowledge. There were six people in the Mariupol regiment in 1810: Major Dymchevich, captain-captain Gorich, Lieutenant Shishka, Cornets Bobylov, Drentel and Klebek 2nd (son of the regimental commander Colonel Klebek). "Diploma of Russian, French and German, calligraphy, arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, algebra, artillery, fortification, architecture, history, geography, drawing, sketching, military exercises, horse riding arts I learned from ", - it is written in the formulary of Osip Osipovich Shishka, a nobleman from the Lithuanian province, who spent 10 years in the Grodno cadet corps and was released immediately in March 1810 to the Mariupol Regiment as a lieutenant." And about the Alexandria Regiment (in the photo in the article the dude in the cap): “By the educational qualification, the Alexandrians were probably inferior to the Mariupolites. Of the cadet corps there were only three people: the above mentioned cornet Bibikov, who from 1796 to 1802 studied at the Page of His Imperial Majesties corps, captain Ivan Pavlinovich Danilovich, Albanian by nationality, graduated in 1792 from the Corps of foreign co-religionists, where he received very versatile knowledge: he knows how to read and write Russian, Italian and Greek, he knows arithmetic, geometry, trigonometry, geography, history, knows how to draw and dance, ”- and Lieutenant Pavel Butovich, 26 years old,“ from Little Russian nobles, a bunchuk comrade’s son ”, from the 1st cadet corps, where he studied from 1786 to 1795 and was released to the Alexandria Hussar Regiment cornet.
          Representatives of the Polish-Lithuanian gentry, of which there were 19 people in the regiment, were usually able to read and write in Russian and Polish, and sometimes even in German and French ... Count Lambert had a good education. He read and wrote in French and German and understood, as stated on his list, in Russian, which was not bad for a foreign officer ... Regimental commander Colonel Anastasiy Antonovich Priovsky, 46 years old, "from the Hungarian nation of the nobility of the Greek confession, "in addition to Russian, also knew how to write and read in two languages: Hungarian and Greek ...
          The remaining 48 Alexandrian officers in their education did not go beyond the elementary school and were only able to read and write. However, this did not prevent them from serving in good faith and being in good standing with their superiors, since it was not education that was valued by hussars at that time, but other qualities and skills. True, if the officer was also familiar with the rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division, then his form made a note: “he knows arithmetic.”
          Those. most officers of the army hussar regiments are well if they knew Russian well.
          1. 0
            6 February 2017 23: 38
            Well, it’s not in vain that Lieutenant Rzhevsky became a dumb hero of a lot of dumb and vulgar Soldafon jokes.
          2. 0
            7 February 2017 07: 01
            Everything is correct. You can add "The everyday life of a Russian officer of the 1812 era." http://www.razlib.ru/istorija/povsednevnaja_zhizn
            _russkogo_oficera_yepohi_1812_goda / p2.php
            The study and military career of the omnipotent Arakcheev is especially indicative
        3. 0
          6 February 2017 23: 50
          Quote: Ham
          and Fonvizin where he describes the provincial noblemen who speak French better than Russian?

          And "Our everything"? Tatyana, I remember, "She spoke with difficulty in her native language," and Onegin wrote in French, and the text of the letter that allegedly in the poem is Pushkin’s "inaccurate, weak translation"!
    2. +2
      6 February 2017 13: 55
      No! Not true! Just then, it was just becoming fashionable! In the literature of that time, this is well reflected. At the very top, yes, but downstairs ... oh, everything was simple! "Gopnik" - he painted everything very well!
      1. Ham
        6 February 2017 14: 26
        "came into fashion" is still under Ekaterina! it was then that Fonvizin wrote his "Younger" ridiculing the blind imitation of foreigners among small-scale, provincial noblemen who, in turn, were drawn to "high society" ...
        it’s just after the war of 1812 when a huge number of French were captured in many provincial noble families that their “muse” appeared ...
        and the general illiteracy of officers (who were often recorded "in the regiment" in infancy) was written by many contemporaries ...
        and it’s not clear why so many letters
        1. +1
          6 February 2017 17: 08
          To the fact that the characters of the film did not speak
          Quote: Ham
          among themselves almost exclusively in French
    3. 0
      6 February 2017 18: 08
      Well, Shurochka also communicates with the French in French. After all, she ... from the shooters of the Navarra!
      1. +2
        6 February 2017 20: 57
        Right which is logical - Shurochka from a fairly wealthy family and pretends to be a “Spanish woman”, not a natural Frenchman, that is, French, too, is far from perfect in knowing, at least not without accent.
    4. +4
      6 February 2017 21: 28
      Quote: Ham
      all these brilliant cornets and cavalry guards among themselves spoke almost exclusively in French

      Inspired by ...
      Two centuries ago, all educated Russian youth knew French well ... stuck in Napoleon!
      Three quarters of a century ago, all educated Russian youth knew German well ... stuck with Hitler!
      Now all educated Russian youth know English well ... there has never before been such a wide choice! laughing
      1. +1
        7 February 2017 07: 35
        Yeah ... I was generally taught in the Soviet special school as a military translator - to interrogate, distinguish ranks and uniforms, disassemble a machine gun in English. know the armament of NATO. Well taught: "Englishwoman" and military instructor in one lesson!
  11. +3
    6 February 2017 14: 39
    Thanks so much for the article! The movie is great. Has its own place of honor on the hard drive and is periodically reviewed!
    1. +1
      6 February 2017 16: 12
      I don’t store it on disk, you can always download from the network. But if I get into the program guide on TV, I almost always watch it.
  12. +3
    6 February 2017 19: 57
    Great movie! good And I also like the "flying hussar squadron."
  13. +3
    6 February 2017 21: 18
    About the rollback of guns. In the film "Ships storm the bastions" (1954 year, it seems), the guns quite roll away like that. And in 1962, they already forgot about it.
  14. +2
    6 February 2017 22: 33
    To the left is a guards Cossack, to the right is Shurochka in a short fur coat. And - yes, that was exactly what happened in the winter of 1812. - The author is wrong. The Cossack is not a guard, an ordinary, Don officer. The guards have a scarlet chekmen, harem pants without a strip, Atamans have a blue uniform.
  15. +1
    6 February 2017 22: 35
    What a wonderful legacy Soviet art left in Russian civilization! Which films! Eh. They would create a television channel "Soviet Cinema", where, in addition to films, there would be other programs - the Travelers Club, Obvious-Incredible, Visiting a fairy tale, etc.
  16. +2
    6 February 2017 23: 29
    The all-Union premiere of "The Hussar Ballad" and the opening of the Borodinis panorama in 1962 were at the same time, on the day of Borodin.
    Both the film and the panorama had great success.
    The patriotic upsurge was sincere.
    Parents drove to this film. Classmates walked countless times. Fortunately, tickets for the daily session were 25 kopecks, for the evening - 50 kopecks.
    There were no more difficulties during the shooting than usual - the ordinary moments of the crowd were easily and with pleasure allocated to the crowd. Unless there was still a special film-cavalry regiment, created for the filming of "War and Peace", i.e. later.
    What ldo entourage and costumes. At that time, there were still alive and with memory enough people who served in the tsarist army.
    My favorite school history teacher, San Sanych Petrovsky, managed to graduate from the Cavalry Cadet School and serve as an officer in the Pavlograd hussars. He was a well-known expert on military uniforms, a military historian, and an author of books, so from the point of view of credibility and conformity he rated the film highly, immediately noticing the small blunder about which the author writes.
    The article is solid, but found nothing new in it.
  17. +1
    6 February 2017 23: 29
    At that time, our cinema lived and played according to our rules and therefore was different from foreign, unless of course we exclude outright agitation and lies. Therefore, our cinema received quite regularly not only our appreciation, but also international. Still, film art was present. Now in the foreground is only money earned in two ways: on the screen - this is an imitation of the stupid and vile American Hollywood, and in the cinema - again imitation of the American habit - this is eating popcorn. A herd of half-morons sits, and deliciously munching crunches popcorn. That's all our "cinema art". Have you noticed that in the reports about new films no one talks about the film itself, but only about how much money was earned for the first, second, third day? The last Russian "Hollywood" was concocted by Bondarchuk. How many enthusiastic cries for the true "genius" of the "artist" and no one noticed that nature rests on children. Really ingenious Bondarchuk - the elder more than once rolled over in a coffin. One vile parody of the Great Patriotic War in the form of the film "Stalingrad" is worth it! Our western “partners” didn’t even have to spend money on mud tubs: the director did all the work for them! Luminaries left, and hunchbacked dwarfs replaced them.
  18. 0
    7 February 2017 00: 14
    Wonderful movie! Watched it in childhood. Immediately after the premiere. And still watch with great pleasure! Thanks to colleagues, experts in uniform. I learned a lot of interesting things in the article and in the comments.
  19. +1
    7 February 2017 00: 18
    Quote: valerei
    dumb and nasty american hollywood

    Modern Hollywood is a dull guano. However, I review old Hollywood with pleasure. 60s years. There were then great films. "My fair lady," for example.
  20. 0
    7 February 2017 19: 28
    Correct me, but it seems to me that Yakovlev is too big for a hussar, because in hussars and ulans they got stunted. And those who are higher in cavalry guards and cuirassiers. Here Andrey Rostotsky was ideally suited for the role of Denis Davydov.
  21. 0
    8 February 2017 01: 49
    Quote: andrewkor
    Correct me, but it seems to me that Yakovlev is too big for a hussar

    Yes, with his 187 centimeters you won’t call him
    1. 0
      10 February 2017 11: 53
      He took it and moved, because of "private needs" to the regiment, he lodged closer to the estate. That's all!
  22. 0
    14 October 2017 22: 04
    The article has a small mistake: the hero Kryuchkova sings a verse:
    "Years will pass, but from a distance
    Past days, past days one thing will flash:
    How our grandfathers fought
    "A long, long, long, long time ago!"
    And about the enemy "in blind hope" sings the whole detachment ....

    And our grandfathers have always fought gloriously, because "Russia stands - does not swing, and stays for centuries - does not move!"