21 February 2007, the initiative of the deputies was approved by the Federation Council. And 28 February 2007 of the year was approved by President of the Russian Federation V.Putin (Federal Law No. 22 of 28.02.2007 of the year “On Amendments to the Federal Law“ On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia ”.
Until 1917, the feast of St. George Cavaliers was celebrated in Russia on the feast day of St. George, back in 1769, the Russian Empress Catherine II established the Imperial military order of St. George the Great Martyr and Conqueror - the empire's highest military award. This order was awarded to the military, who showed bravery, valor and courage in battle. The Order had 4 degrees of distinction, of which the first was the highest. It is known that all 4 people have become gentlemen of all four degrees, including the great Russian generals: M.I. Kutuzov and M.B. Barclay de Tolly.
After the 1917 revolution, the holiday was canceled and the order itself was abolished as a state award. Only in 2000, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 4463 “On the approval of the status of the Order of St. George, the provision on the insignia - St. George's Cross”, his order was returned to his status - the status of a state military award. Now and the Russian Federation.
Appearance of the Order of St. George I degree
The first Knight of St. George in the Russian Federation was Colonel-General Sergey Makarov. The award found the hero in August 2008 of the year. At that time, he commanded the troops of the North Caucasus Military District. The date itself speaks about what is connected with the reward of Sergey Makarov. It is connected with the successful operation to force Georgia to peace.
Order with award book:
In the USSR, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, established in April 1934, was a high degree of distinction. The first (20 of April 1934 of the year) were awarded this title by pilots who saved members of the Arctic expedition in the Chukchi Sea and the crew of the Chelyuskin icebreaker (M. Vodopyanov, I. Doronin, N. Kamanin, S. Levanevsky, A. Lyapidevsky, V. Molokov , M. Slepnev).
For all the existence of the USSR, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 12772 man. The last Hero of the country, which ceased to exist in December 1991 of the year, was the captain of the third rank, Anatoly Solodkov, who dived to a depth of 120 meters in the course of scientific experiments. It was a new record. By the award, Anatoly Solodkov was presented in the fall of 1991.
Since 1992, one of the main state awards is the title of Hero of the Russian Federation (Law of the Russian Federation of 20.03.1992).
The first to be awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation was Major General aviation Sulambek Oskanov, during his flight mission on the MiG-29 aircraft, equipment failure occurred (flight horizon failure), and General Oskanov, at the cost of his life, prevented the plane from falling to the village of Hvorostyanka, Lipetsk Region. His high rank was awarded posthumously on April 11, 1992. The first Hero of the Russian Federation was buried in his native village Plievo (Republic of Ingushetia).
Now, for the second year, the Russian military are taking part in the fight against terrorist groups in Syria. Some of them for courage, bravery and dedication, shown during the performance of military duty, were awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation (Vadim Vladimirovich Baikulov - colonel, officer of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Alexander Vladimirovich Dvornikov - Colonel-General, Chief of Staff - First Deputy Commander Central Military District, Andrei Alexandrovich Dyachenko - Major, Deputy Commander of the Aviation Squadron of the 47 th Mixed Aviation Regiment of the 105 Guards Mixed Aviation Division of the 6 Th Army of the Air Force and Air Defense, Victor Mikhailovich Romanov - Colonel, Senior Test Pilot of the Flight Test Center 929 of GLITS, Oleg Anatolyevich Peshkov (posthumously) - Lieutenant Colonel, crew commander of the Su-24 aircraft from the aviation group of the Air Force of Russia, Alexander Alexandrovich Prokhorenko (posthumously) - Senior Lieutenant , serviceman of the Special Operations Forces of the Russian Armed Forces).
Alexander Prokhorenko, who died during the liberation from the ISIS militants (forbidden in the Russian Federation) of ancient Palmyra, having caused the fire of aviation on himself, became not only a Russian, but also truly international, hero. Alexander's family says that condolences continue to come from many different countries around the world in connection with the loss of a boy whose courage is worthy of respect. Alexander Prokhorenko is one of the symbols of the heroic struggle against international terrorism.
Every year in December in the St. George Hall of the Kremlin a solemn reception is held, to which Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, Holders of the Order of Glory and Holders of the Order of Saint George, members of the Russian government, members of the Federation Council and the State Duma, as well as representatives of public associations, cultural figures are invited. , science and art. Reception is conducted by the President of Russia, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
The holiday is widely celebrated throughout the country with the active assistance of various public organizations, including military-patriotic clubs. Various cultural institutions hold rallies, solemn gatherings, arrange thematic exhibitions and festive performances in parks and concert venues. The holiday is aimed at once again to say a huge thank you to all citizens who showed heroism not only in the military field, but also in the field of saving people, while contributing to the development of national science and technology. One of the main tasks is connected with the indispensable improvement of the system of patriotic education in modern Russia.