Military Review

Heroes Day of the Fatherland

17
December 9 in Russia celebrate the Day of the Heroes of the Fatherland. This memorable date was established by the State Duma of the Russian Federation 26 January 2007. The explanatory note to the document stated the following: "... we not only pay tribute to the heroic ancestors, but also honor the living Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, the gentlemen of the Order of St. George and the Order of Glory."


Heroes Day of the Fatherland


21 February 2007, the initiative of the deputies was approved by the Federation Council. And 28 February 2007 of the year was approved by President of the Russian Federation V.Putin (Federal Law No. 22 of 28.02.2007 of the year “On Amendments to the Federal Law“ On Days of Military Glory and Memorable Dates of Russia ”.

Until 1917, the feast of St. George Cavaliers was celebrated in Russia on the feast day of St. George, back in 1769, the Russian Empress Catherine II established the Imperial military order of St. George the Great Martyr and Conqueror - the empire's highest military award. This order was awarded to the military, who showed bravery, valor and courage in battle. The Order had 4 degrees of distinction, of which the first was the highest. It is known that all 4 people have become gentlemen of all four degrees, including the great Russian generals: M.I. Kutuzov and M.B. Barclay de Tolly.

After the 1917 revolution, the holiday was canceled and the order itself was abolished as a state award. Only in 2000, by decree of the President of the Russian Federation No. 4463 “On the approval of the status of the Order of St. George, the provision on the insignia - St. George's Cross”, his order was returned to his status - the status of a state military award. Now and the Russian Federation.

Appearance of the Order of St. George I degree


The first Knight of St. George in the Russian Federation was Colonel-General Sergey Makarov. The award found the hero in August 2008 of the year. At that time, he commanded the troops of the North Caucasus Military District. The date itself speaks about what is connected with the reward of Sergey Makarov. It is connected with the successful operation to force Georgia to peace.

Order with award book:


In the USSR, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union, established in April 1934, was a high degree of distinction. The first (20 of April 1934 of the year) were awarded this title by pilots who saved members of the Arctic expedition in the Chukchi Sea and the crew of the Chelyuskin icebreaker (M. Vodopyanov, I. Doronin, N. Kamanin, S. Levanevsky, A. Lyapidevsky, V. Molokov , M. Slepnev).

For all the existence of the USSR, the title of Hero of the Soviet Union was awarded to 12772 man. The last Hero of the country, which ceased to exist in December 1991 of the year, was the captain of the third rank, Anatoly Solodkov, who dived to a depth of 120 meters in the course of scientific experiments. It was a new record. By the award, Anatoly Solodkov was presented in the fall of 1991.

Since 1992, one of the main state awards is the title of Hero of the Russian Federation (Law of the Russian Federation of 20.03.1992).
The first to be awarded the title of Hero of the Russian Federation was Major General aviation Sulambek Oskanov, during his flight mission on the MiG-29 aircraft, equipment failure occurred (flight horizon failure), and General Oskanov, at the cost of his life, prevented the plane from falling to the village of Hvorostyanka, Lipetsk Region. His high rank was awarded posthumously on April 11, 1992. The first Hero of the Russian Federation was buried in his native village Plievo (Republic of Ingushetia).



Now, for the second year, the Russian military are taking part in the fight against terrorist groups in Syria. Some of them for courage, bravery and dedication, shown during the performance of military duty, were awarded the title Hero of the Russian Federation (Vadim Vladimirovich Baikulov - colonel, officer of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Alexander Vladimirovich Dvornikov - Colonel-General, Chief of Staff - First Deputy Commander Central Military District, Andrei Alexandrovich Dyachenko - Major, Deputy Commander of the Aviation Squadron of the 47 th Mixed Aviation Regiment of the 105 Guards Mixed Aviation Division of the 6 Th Army of the Air Force and Air Defense, Victor Mikhailovich Romanov - Colonel, Senior Test Pilot of the Flight Test Center 929 of GLITS, Oleg Anatolyevich Peshkov (posthumously) - Lieutenant Colonel, crew commander of the Su-24 aircraft from the aviation group of the Air Force of Russia, Alexander Alexandrovich Prokhorenko (posthumously) - Senior Lieutenant , serviceman of the Special Operations Forces of the Russian Armed Forces).

Alexander Prokhorenko, who died during the liberation from the ISIS militants (forbidden in the Russian Federation) of ancient Palmyra, having caused the fire of aviation on himself, became not only a Russian, but also truly international, hero. Alexander's family says that condolences continue to come from many different countries around the world in connection with the loss of a boy whose courage is worthy of respect. Alexander Prokhorenko is one of the symbols of the heroic struggle against international terrorism.



Every year in December in the St. George Hall of the Kremlin a solemn reception is held, to which Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, Holders of the Order of Glory and Holders of the Order of Saint George, members of the Russian government, members of the Federation Council and the State Duma, as well as representatives of public associations, cultural figures are invited. , science and art. Reception is conducted by the President of Russia, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

The holiday is widely celebrated throughout the country with the active assistance of various public organizations, including military-patriotic clubs. Various cultural institutions hold rallies, solemn gatherings, arrange thematic exhibitions and festive performances in parks and concert venues. The holiday is aimed at once again to say a huge thank you to all citizens who showed heroism not only in the military field, but also in the field of saving people, while contributing to the development of national science and technology. One of the main tasks is connected with the indispensable improvement of the system of patriotic education in modern Russia.
Photos used:
Wikipedia, 1 Channel, http://function.mil.ru
17 comments
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  1. 210ox
    210ox 9 December 2016 06: 11
    13
    Honor and glory to the Heroes who have already left us and are now living! Thank you for your glorious path.
    1. Alena Frolovna
      Alena Frolovna 9 December 2016 14: 23
      +4
      St. George Knight

      Simple gray-haired warrior
      I want to dedicate this humble verse
      Sniffed gunpowder in a war fight
      For years who have not seen relatives,

      Striving for the king and faith,
      To the glare of enemy bayonets
      Ordinary Private Chevalier
      St. George's Crosses.

      Accept, soldier, poet admiration
      For valiant and exorbitant work,
      Manifested in glorious battles
      Which people still honor.

      Not once dropping the honor of a uniform
      On the paths of difficult soldier years,
      You were dying, but you beat Ishmael
      Burned in the sand for the Bayazet fortress.

      You are thinking again there - under Perekop,
      Run forward under the regimental flag -
      Wrinkles on the face are akin to trenches,
      Whitish beard, like smoke.

      In the eyes forever frozen sketch
      Dozens of alien, foreign places,
      Where blood and tears were pierced
      Another St. George's Cross.

      How fell before your courage Plevna
      And Shipka peak bowed icy -
      So I stand kneeling
      At your feet, ordinary private.
      altay

      PS The image of a private is collective.

      And in our times there is TE about whom you can and should say:

      "Not even once dropping the honor of the uniform
      On the trails of difficult soldier years ... "
      all our glorious grandfathers and great-grandfathers would bow before you.

      Good health to all living Heroes and eternal memory to the fallen.
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 9 December 2016 15: 17
        +2
        Glory to all the Heroes of Russia of all times and all the branches of the army, who defended and protect their people, their homeland both in their native Fatherland and far from it!
        Eternal memory to the Heroes of Russia!

        December 9 - Day of the Heroes of the Fatherland

        Farewell to the Slavic - Original text of 1912
        Text writer and composer: Agapkin V.

        Stand for Faith, Russian Land!

        We packed a lot of songs in my heart,
        Singing native land.
        We loved you unselfishly,
        Our Russia is the Holy Land.

        High you head raised -
        Like the sun shone your face.
        But you became a victim of meanness -
        Those who betrayed you and sold!

        And again, hike!
        The pipe is calling us!
        We all stand in line
        And all will go to the sacred battle.

        And again, hike!
        The pipe is calling us!
        We all stand in line
        And all will go to the sacred battle.

        Stand for Faith, Russian Land!

        Waiting for the victory of Russia saints.
        Answer, Orthodox troops!
        Where is Ilya yours and where is your Dobrynia?
        The Motherland is calling the Sons.

        Under the banners we stand boldly
        The procession with a prayer let's go,
        For the Russian just cause
        We honestly spill the Russian blood.

        And again, hike!
        The pipe is calling us!
        We all stand in line
        And all will go to the sacred battle.

        And again, hike!
        The pipe is calling us!
        We all get in line
        And all will go to the sacred battle.

        Stand for Faith, Russian Land!

        We are all children of a great Power,
        We all remember the covenants of the fathers.
        For the sake of the motherland, honor and glory
        Do not feel sorry for yourself or your enemies.

        Arise, Russia, from slave captivity,
        The spirit of victory is calling: fight, it's time!
        Raise the battle banners
        For the sake of Faith, Love and Good!

        And again, hike!
        The pipe is calling us, it is calling us!
        We will stand in line, in line,
        We will stand in line, in line,
        And all will go to the sacred battle.

        We will stand in line, in line,
        We will stand in line, in line,
        And all will go to the sacred battle.
  2. Atheist 13
    Atheist 13 9 December 2016 06: 27
    13
    From the heroes of bygone times there are sometimes no names left.
    Those who have taken a difficult fight have simply become land and grass.
    Only the formidable valor of them settled in the hearts of the living.

    This eternal flame bequeathed to us and one. We keep in the chest.k / f Officers
  3. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 9 December 2016 07: 21
    +7
    Glory to the Living and Eternal Memory of the Fallen! I remember today the Great-Grandfather Lavra - Cossack - the full St. George Cavalier!
  4. Cat
    Cat 9 December 2016 07: 53
    +4
    The holiday is widely celebrated throughout the country with the active assistance of various public organizations, including military-patriotic clubs. Various cultural institutions hold rallies, solemn gatherings, arrange thematic exhibitions and festive performances in parks and concert venues. The holiday is aimed at once again to say a huge thank you to all citizens who showed heroism not only in the military field, but also in the field of saving people, while contributing to the development of national science and technology. One of the main tasks is connected with the indispensable improvement of the system of patriotic education in modern Russia.

    This is written in reports on the results of the organization of moral and psychological training with personnel and educational work in educational institutions, but really "zilch", only nice words!
    Want a result? Make it easier, without noise and waving your hands, just invite the "hero" to school, to a class at a university or military unit. Visit him, just say thank you to his parents, children, widows. It is expensive! And it will definitely be more valuable than the material posted by the author!
    As a synopsis for the WFP or BSP "÷", as an article for VO "-"! This is purely my personal opinion, no offense. They will object to me where to find a "hero", I will answer any veteran of the Great Patriotic War, or an "Avganets" who betrays you, will do more to educate the younger generation than we all have taken in a year. Do them less and less every year.
    Less pathos gentlemen, more work!
    P.s. I advise the author to go to the heading "HISTORY", today a new essay by Sophia! Compare to howl labor and her little sketch! Have you compared? What will be more valuable for the education of the "Patriot". Conclusions! Present your article to any ATS or military unit, they just stamp the reports.
    Next time we are waiting for an article from you to ....... Who are the same indicated above.
    Pss Well, I told you, only hinted to your staff about your work, they’re already standing with a flash drive, asking ...... I didn’t even finish the post. Citation of your article in the reports of schools, universities and power ministries is provided to you!
    Yours faithfully! Your cat.
    1. Des10
      Des10 9 December 2016 14: 18
      +1
      Cat, but --- the author is an anonymous author.
      1. Cat
        Cat 9 December 2016 15: 17
        0
        If serious! I read the article in the morning, a read outline of the MPP on the topic. There is information - there is no soul in the article.
        There was a feeling that this is a crib DGSK Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. Called do not admit. But they leaked me to theirs. By the end of the day, six divisions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and one of the National Guard ripped off an article from VO or found out where to get it.
        In truth, it’s also stuck that the author is ANONYMOUS, but he is, is there talent, and if he hears and puts his soul into his work? We will win all WE observers.
  5. Serg65
    Serg65 9 December 2016 07: 53
    +9
    George cavaliers the beauty and pride of not only the Imperial Army but also the Red (Soviet) Army!
    The most famous of them is Nedorubov K.I.

    Budenny S.M.

    priest Pukhov G.

    Gruslanov V.N.

    Book V.I.

    Khizhnyak I.L.

    Trubnikov K.P.

    Father and son Vanachi from Abkhazia

    Unknown hero
    1. igordok
      igordok 9 December 2016 12: 28
      +4
      Quote: Serg65
      Unknown hero

      Known - Guard Private F.G. Vadyukhin-Order of the Red Star, Order of Glory, two medals "For Courage" and St. George's Cross for the German War.
      It’s a pity that the rest of your photos didn’t go through. So that they pass, you need to play a little shaman, edit.
      1. Serg65
        Serg65 9 December 2016 13: 38
        +4
        Quote: igordok
        Known - Guard Private F.G. Vadyukhin-Order of the Red Star, Order of Glory, two medals "For Courage" and St. George's Cross for the German War.

        Unfortunately for me it was unknown, thank you very much!
        Quote: igordok
        It’s a pity that the rest of your photos didn’t go through

        So it’s kind of gone ?!
        1. igordok
          igordok 9 December 2016 14: 30
          0
          Quote: Serg65
          So it’s kind of gone ?!

          I see only the last photo.
  6. Million
    Million 9 December 2016 08: 17
    +3
    Good holiday! If only the heroes were real
    1. veteran66
      veteran66 9 December 2016 09: 11
      +4
      Quote: Million
      If only the heroes were real

      This is the best comment, otherwise the seichks "stars" are handed out to the left and to the right, the award has been completely devalued.
  7. infantry76
    infantry76 9 December 2016 10: 18
    +2
    GREAT HONOR AND GLORY TO RUSSIAN HEROES OF THE FATHERLAND!
  8. infantry76
    infantry76 9 December 2016 10: 23
    +4
    To the authors of the article.
    Little problem. The article refers to the Order of St. George, Colonel General Makarov Sergey Afanasevich (he was awarded the Order of St. George IV degree), and in the photo is the order book and the award of another Makarov, Nikolai Egorovich, who was then the chief of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces.
  9. midshipman
    midshipman 9 December 2016 14: 43
    +4
    Today the liberation of Tikhvin from the Nazis. Glory to you Heroes defenders of the fatherland, Happy holiday and congratulations to the residents of Tikhvin. About this victory over the Nazis, I published in "Youth" the story "The Wanderings and the Return of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God." The story was published with the consent and approval of the hegumen of the Tikhvin monastery. In "VO" there is a fragment of it. I have the honor.