Military Review

Still, the party was the guiding force of military construction

35
Throughout the entire period of existence of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party was the leading and guiding force of Soviet society, the core of the country's political system, which was also reflected in the Constitution of our state.


The central party body was the Central Committee elected at the party congresses. In the period between congresses of the party, the Central Committee supervised the work of local party organs, selected and placed leading cadres and, most importantly, through these cadres directed the work of state and public organizations.

The political system that existed in the Soviet Union can be treated differently, but the most important role of the Central Committee in all the victories and troubles of our people throughout almost the entire twentieth century remains indisputable.

Still, the party was the guiding force of military construction

Defense Minister Dmitry Ustinov and Director of the Ship Repair Plant
"Nerpa" Valentin Murko. 1983 year.


The role of the Party Central Committee in the construction of the domestic fleet It should be considered as one of the components of its activity to strengthen the country's defense capability, develop and improve its Armed forces.

URGENTLY DECLINED THE MISSED

The growth of threats to the existence of our Fatherland after the end of the Second World War due to the growing scale of the Cold War and the intensity of armaments of the capitalist powers in the hope of achieving military superiority grew steadily. All this necessitated a sharp increase in our attention to the creation of forces and means capable of withstanding the military threat and ensuring reliable defense and defense of the country.

In fact, during this period there was a revolution in military affairs, and this is a multilateral process that embraced both opposing social systems. Moreover, the USSR and its allies in the beginning of the revolutionary military-technical process were in the role of catch-up.

In order to quickly eliminate the emerging backlog in the creation of modern weapons, which was caused by the enormous losses and destruction that the country suffered during the war, the party’s Central Committee decided to create a special unit in the structure of its apparatus - the Defense Industry Division. The task of the department was, taking control of the work of the defense industries, to promote the rapid creation of modern types of weapons, equipment and their development by the Armed Forces. Naturally, the creation of modern naval technology was one of the tasks facing the department workers. Directly the work of the department was supervised by one of the secretaries of the Central Committee of the CPSU - initially it was L. Brezhnev, then F.R. Kozlov, and since 1966, led the activities of the department D.F. Ustinov.

In the period of 1958 – 1968, being an instructor of a department, and then an inspector of the Central Committee of the CPSU, I know the work of the department for direct participation in it. I will not dwell on the presentation of the forms and methods of the work done, I can say that it was held in close contact with the teams of design and research organizations, manufacturing enterprises, the apparatus of state organizations managing the military-industrial complex of the country, as well as representatives of the general customer of military equipment - The USSR Ministry of Defense, first of all, certain types of Armed Forces, including the Navy.

The most well-trained defense workers with practical experience and knowledge were attracted to work in the Department of Defense Industry of the Central Committee of the CPSU throughout the entire period of its existence up to 1991. And I must say that they successfully coped with their work, because the result of the activities of the military-industrial complex of the country was the achievement by the beginning of the 70s of a certain parity in armament issues with the United States and the NATO bloc countries. This gave grounds for signing, after lengthy negotiations between the USSR and the United States, the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and the Interim Agreement on the Restriction of Strategic Offensive Arms (SALT-1), held in 1971 year. The forces included in this agreement included the naval forces, which required great efforts to ensure the fulfillment of the decision made by the shipbuilders, their contractors and sailors and assistance in forthcoming work from the CPSU Central Committee, and above all the employees of the Defense Industry Department. .

PROFESSIONAL HIGHER TEST

Recalling the employees of the department dealing with military shipbuilding, I would like to mention Polushkina FF, Vashantseva V.I., Luzhina N.M., Koksanova I.V., Skurikhina A.D. and a number of others. All of them were specialists of high level of knowledge, the greatest working capacity, who gave all their strength to the solution of the tasks set.

And in this regard, I cannot again mention the name of Dmitry Fedorovich Ustinov, whom I had known for about 30 years, and the last 16 years of his life served as an assistant first as secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, and then as USSR Minister of Defense.

His whole life was associated with the strengthening of the economic power and defense of the Soviet Union. He was the main head of rocket production in our country, the conquest of space, the creation of an air defense system, an atomic rocket-carrying Navy. He knew how to listen and hear the opinions of eminent scientists and ordinary workers, general designers and simple engineers, military commanders and soldiers, knew and loved to learn, learn new things, feel free to ask questions if something remained incomprehensible or not sufficiently explained to him.

In my memory, there was a well-preserved case when, when visiting the Baltic Shipbuilding Plant in Leningrad, Dmitry Fedorovich spent almost two hours talking in the ship shaft processing workshop with an outstanding specialist turner, twice Hero of Socialist Labor A.V. Chuyev. Despite the fact that it was already long after midnight, they still could not part: one told about the complexity and nature of the work on processing shafts, and the other absorbed the lessons and features of working skills.

Any question df Ustinov was engaged not amateurishly, but with a great desire and desire to penetrate into its essence, to see the prospect of implementation and the possibility of using and applying one or another new type of weapon or system, to feel what place they can take in ensuring the country's defense, strengthen its combat readiness and power. . When discussing any problems, he did not tolerate talkers who judged superficially on the topics under consideration, admitting a dispute - an active, demonstrative dispute, and did not hesitate if the arguments of the opposite side that were really correct and even contradictory to his original thoughts were accepted.

Dmitry Fedorovich considered the greatest evil in a man to be lies, deception and servility. He could openly and honestly say that you did not know the answer to some question that followed unexpectedly on his part that he was not acquainted with him or did not have time to figure it out. What was always followed by a calm indication: “Well, go find out, figure it out, find out everything you need, and then come and make a decision.” After all, on the basis of the reports or communications made, Ustinov had to make the most responsible decision, whether on technical, military, economic or social problems. And the cost of mistakes when making such a decision was incredibly high.

LOSS OF IDEAL CONVENIENCE

On the example of D.F. Ustinov I wanted to show the role, style and methods of leadership of the Central Committee of the CPSU in matters of strengthening the country's defense, including the development of our Navy. Often, when he was in the Northern and Baltic fleets, in the Far East and the Black Sea, he was deeply and thoroughly acquainted with the problems and issues of concern to seamen. The result of his stay in the fleets was the adoption of measures to replenish them with new ships, develop the ship repair base and coastal infrastructure, including not only the issues of the ships basing, but also improving the living conditions of sailors' families, building schools, shops, cultural objects.

The subject of constant attention df. Ustinova was the work of design offices, research institutes, production teams of the military-industrial complex of the country. Practically, this was done by methods of monitoring the implementation of the decisions taken and the development of specific measures for the development and implementation of the tasks facing the organizations of the military-industrial complex at meetings and meetings with the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee. This was preceded, as a rule, by the study of questions by employees of the Defense Industry Department with the subsequent submission of proposals for solving the problems and issues under consideration.

Often, after discussions, issues that required consideration and approval by higher authorities were prepared under the guidance of D.F. Ustinova for a report at meetings of the Secretariat of the Central Committee or the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

This procedure and methods of work of the Central Committee of the CPSU also dealt with shipbuilding issues. The course of design, the search for the best methods of building ships, acquaintance and study of unusual methods of navigation of sea and river ships, as well as work on the creation of ship mechanisms, weapons for various purposes, ship equipment - such is the amount of activity that is far from complete, which was the subject of interest and practical achievements results of the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee D.F. Ustinov. And it must be emphasized that such questions remained extremely important, to which he showed great interest, and when he became Minister of Defense of the USSR, being at the same time a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the CPSU.

It should be noted that the creative and active focus and dedication in the work of the Department of Defense Industry of the Central Committee of the CPSU in strengthening the Armed Forces of the Soviet state, established by D.F. Ustinov, was successfully continued by his successors as secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, Ya.P. Ryabov, G.V. Romanovs, and then L.N. Zaykov.

In conclusion I want to say that while the Soviet political system was headed by people loyal to the communist idea, it remained stable. The loss of deep conviction that the Communist ideals of the new generation of Communist Party leaders Gorbachev, Shevardnadze, Yakovlev, Yeltsin and others, who grew up in stable post-war conditions and made a political career in 60 – 70's, but did not acquire the ideological conviction of their predecessors, led to a distortion of the principle formation of the party and state apparatus, the substitution of values ​​of public and private life, and ultimately to the collapse of the Communist Party as the leading and guiding force state and the change of the socio-political system of the Soviet Union, which led to the collapse of the state - the USSR and the life tragedy of millions of people.
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  1. Simpsonian
    Simpsonian 17 July 2016 01: 03
    +11
    The khrushch which destroyed half of everything so that then it was necessary to make up for everything was non-partisan?
    1. Lyubopyatov
      Lyubopyatov 17 July 2016 02: 42
      +2
      Khrushchev was a Trotskyist, and secondly, an opportunist careerist.
      You did not know that he was a Trotskyist? In addition, he was a secret Ukrainian by last name, as they say, Perelmuter. Almost Kravchuk, who was a secret Bandera.
      1. creak
        creak 17 July 2016 10: 15
        +6
        Quote: Lyubopyatov
        In addition, he was a secret Ukrainian by last name,


        And also, they say that his handbook was the Koran in Ukrainian ... laughing
        1. Andrey Zh
          Andrey Zh 21 July 2016 11: 51
          +1
          No, probably, the Torah in Ukrainian !!! More precisely ...
        2. The comment was deleted.
      2. Beefeater
        Beefeater 17 July 2016 11: 32
        0
        Quote: Lyubopyatov
        Khrushchev was a Trotskyist, and secondly, an opportunist careerist.
        You did not know that he was a Trotskyist? In addition, he was a secret Ukrainian by last name, as they say, Perelmuter. Almost Kravchuk, who was a secret Bandera.

        The fact that he was a Trotskyist you read in his party card? But after all, the party is a single organism, which means that the whole party is Trotsky’s. Figase.
        1. tatra
          tatra 17 July 2016 11: 38
          +2
          Quote: Beefeater
          But the party is a single organism, which means that the whole party is Trotsky’s

          The enemies of the communists always have a deadly "logic". And if the communist General Vlasov betrayed the party of communists, the USSR and the Soviet people, then all the communists in the Great Patriotic War were traitors?
          Yes ?
          1. tasha
            tasha 17 July 2016 11: 56
            +4
            Why is the murderous "logic" of the enemies of the Communists worse than the "logic" of the friends of the Communists? To you about Khrushchev - so it turns out that he immediately and not a communist at all. Gorbachev is also not a communist. Yakovlev is certainly not a communist. What kind of party is this that keeps in its ranks the traitor-traitors, wreckers, and even promotes them to the main posts, instead of real communists?

            It is possible to relate differently to the political system that existed in the Soviet Union, but the most important role of the Central Committee in all the victories and troubles of our people remains undeniable

            It is well written. Only the current supposedly "communists" attribute all the victories to the party, and someone else is sure to be to blame for the troubles - the Trotskyists, opportunistic careerists, avant-garde artists, pest doctors, Mendelist Morganists, dudes, underground guilds and rootless cosmopolitans of all stripes .. ...
            1. tatra
              tatra 17 July 2016 12: 04
              0
              Yes, the Communists and their supporters have normal logic.
              Here the communist General Vlasov betrayed his party, the USSR and the Soviet people, the communists executed him for this, and the enemies of the communists "liberated" by Gorbachev praise Vlasov as a "fighter against communism," and the blame for the fact that Gorbachev and Yeltsin betrayed the communists in the same way , The USSR and the Soviet people, the enemies of the communists, blame all Soviet communists.
              This is the logic of normal people and those who, for a quarter of a century, meanly, cowardly, blame themselves for having done first with the USSR, and then with the former republics of the USSR, against the Communists and their supporters, which themselves prove that they captured the USSR with criminals goals.
              1. tasha
                tasha 17 July 2016 12: 43
                +4
                Calm down. Nobody blames anyone. On the contrary, this is a problem of the most ardent supporters of the Communist Party. A little bit: "we were basely betrayed, we are not to blame, it is not us, give us power and we will show ...".

                The normal logic is that if, under the strict guidance of the Communist Party, the state lasted only 70 years and collapsed miserably, then the problem lies in the leadership and, in principle, the organization of the system.

                And our task is not to try to revive the corpse, but to develop our country now so that it has all the advantages of the socialist system, but there are no shortcomings, as a result of which the USSR collapsed.

                Now, for example, in the Communist Party there are about 160 000 members. So let's, for starters, go outside with a broom. Take a look at the entrance ... And more than once in April - but at least once a week. Is free. And it will be clear - here are the Communists. They work for the country.

                See what is going on around garbage containers? So appoint duty officers from the party. Let them clean. And write-it does the Communist Party. Weak?
                1. tatra
                  tatra 17 July 2016 12: 52
                  -2
                  Well, why did you write this?
                  All this "but we have nothing to do with it, it's all the communists are to blame", "The USSR collapsed by itself, because it has rotted, and we have nothing to do with it", and the like, we, supporters of the communists, hear and read from you, enemies of the communists for a quarter of a century.
                  And with all this you persistently prove that you captured the USSR with criminal purposes.
                  Now, if the communists and their supporters needed a country to create a much better state in terms of development and quality of life of the people, they have always been proud and proud of the October Revolution, and you and your seizure of the USSR and what you divided it into your "independence-independence ", you cowardly blame the communists.
                  1. tasha
                    tasha 17 July 2016 12: 59
                    0
                    Your comment has been read.
                    1. tatra
                      tatra 17 July 2016 13: 18
                      0
                      But you have nothing to object to.
                      When people do something with good goals, they never, to justify this, slander others, or blame others.
                      They just don't need to.
                2. thorns
                  thorns 17 July 2016 22: 37
                  +2
                  Calm down. Nobody blames anyone. On the contrary, this is a problem of the most ardent supporters of the Communist Party. A little bit: "we were basely betrayed, we are not to blame, it is not us, give us power and we will show ...".

                  The normal logic is that if, under the strict guidance of the Communist Party, the state lasted only 70 years and collapsed miserably, then the problem lies in the leadership and, in principle, the organization of the system.

                  And our task is not to try to revive the corpse, but to develop our country now so that it has all the advantages of the socialist system, but there are no shortcomings, as a result of which the USSR collapsed
                  Quote: tasha
                  Calm down. Nobody blames anyone. On the contrary, this is a problem of the most ardent supporters of the Communist Party. A little bit: "we were basely betrayed, we are not to blame, it is not us, give us power and we will show ...".

                  The normal logic is that if, under the strict guidance of the Communist Party, the state lasted only 70 years and collapsed miserably, then the problem lies in the leadership and, in principle, the organization of the system.

                  And our task is not to try to revive the corpse, but to develop our country now so that it has all the advantages of the socialist system, but there are no shortcomings, as a result of which the USSR collapsed.

                  Now, for example, in the Communist Party there are about 160 000 members. So let's, for starters, go outside with a broom. Take a look at the entrance ... And more than once in April - but at least once a week. Is free. And it will be clear - here are the Communists. They work for the country.

                  See what is going on around garbage containers? So appoint duty officers from the party. Let them clean. And write-it does the Communist Party. Weak?
          2. Andrey Zh
            Andrey Zh 21 July 2016 11: 53
            0
            ... being a party member and a communist is not the same thing!
          3. The comment was deleted.
    2. siberalt
      siberalt 17 July 2016 16: 33
      +1
      The party is just a structure inscribed in the state management system. The main thing was a clear ideology. hi Now it is a bureaucratic "United Russia", but unprincipled.
  2. stas
    stas 17 July 2016 01: 32
    +8
    Being a communist and being a member of the CPSU is not the same thing.
    The EP leadership is mainly former communists, when they were honest.
    Where the loot there are such communists.
    1. Cruel beaver
      Cruel beaver 17 July 2016 02: 59
      +5
      "Being a communist and being a member of the CPSU are not the same thing ...."
      Well said, right!
  3. Cruel beaver
    Cruel beaver 17 July 2016 03: 02
    +11
    To the admins: Do not put, please ukrovsky flag next to my nickname. Do not disgrace ...
    I'm not dill. I am RUSSIAN! I was born in the USSR! And I can’t calmly look at the image of the Bandera symbol!
    And I think that many in our southeast think so ...
    1. captain
      captain 17 July 2016 10: 54
      +2
      Eh, Russia was not lucky in the Kulikovo Field, if there were a CPSU then ... And in 1812 our country was not lucky, then the Communists were apparently deep underground ... But in the Neva battle they were clearly not enough ... Children and grandchildren of all our general secretaries therefore, they live in the wild West, in order to bring people to a brighter future at the right time, but so far underground. I repeat, children and grandchildren of all the general secretaries. Apparently the pope sent them there to make a revolution.
      1. tatra
        tatra 17 July 2016 11: 15
        -6
        Quote: captain
        would the CPSU then ..

        Yes, if the CPSU had existed after 1991, the enemies of the CPSU, starting with the "recovered" members of the CPSU, would not have plundered what the communists and their supporters in the USSR had created, the peoples of the republics of the USSR would not have been robbed by the enemies of the communists, they would not have arranged it " the great philanthropists "in their deceitful and slanderous anti-Soviet propaganda are the enemies of the communists, the multimillion-dollar genocide on the territory of the USSR.
    2. URAL72
      URAL72 15 December 2016 23: 30
      +1
      Beaver!
      Himself from there. Now in Donetsk. I completely agree.
  4. strannik1985
    strannik1985 17 July 2016 07: 14
    +5
    Hmm ... is it good or nothing about the dead?
    Thanks to Ustinov, we had dances with a tambourine around the surface of the Navy (4 non-aircraft cruisers, project 1143.5 with reduced capabilities and finally the normal project 1143.7, which, alas, was never completed, although the Cuban missile crisis and R&D "Warrant" clearly spoke of the need for carrier-based aircraft with horizontal take-off and landing aircraft, the same was requested by the Navy and the SME), VTOL program, 0,5 billion rubles for ekranoplanes until 1985, "goldfish" pr.705.
    His protégé, Ogarkov ousted Margelov and disbanded 106 VDD just before the troops were sent to Afghanistan, produced a bunch of infantry fighting vehicles without delivery vehicles (after the formation of the airborne assault brigades, regiments, second-wave battalions, their total number with the airborne forces was about 150 thousand people).
    1. Simpsonian
      Simpsonian 17 July 2016 20: 51
      0
      The Navy requested this until 1976, when there was significant progress on supersonic Yak. Prior to this, Ustinov was pomped that the steam catapult for conventional AV is so difficult. The ekranoplanes, even in the amount of only 5-7 pieces, with their practical ceiling of 3-4,5 thousand meters and a range of over 1500, enabled the Navy to quickly project forces from the Caspian Sea to the Persian Gulf and the Indian Ocean, where conventional Fleet forces could go for weeks. This is against the background of the fact that from 1967 to 1974 the message on the Suez Canal was generally blocked.
      Nobody scolded the "goldfish" in the Navy.
      1. Simpsonian
        Simpsonian 17 July 2016 20: 54
        0
        For Ustinov, in general, there was only one mistake (TAVKRs), which rather quickly became non-critical, this was generally a positive value, and the USSR could be said to rest on it.
      2. Simpsonian
        Simpsonian 17 July 2016 21: 09
        +2
        The Persian Gulf seemed to be nearby for the USSR, but for its Navy further than Antarctica. And before Socotra, there were no bases in the Indian Ocean.
  5. Boris55
    Boris55 17 July 2016 08: 44
    +5
    Quote: Light Turunov
    Throughout the entire period of existence of the Soviet Union, the Communist Party was the leading and guiding force of Soviet society, the core of the country's political system, which was also reflected in the Constitution of our state.

    First of all. There were several constitutions in our state, and speaking of the governing and guiding ones, it would be necessary to clarify that such a position of the party was enshrined only in the Brezhnev Constitution of the 1977 of the year in Art. 6.
    "The leading and guiding force of Soviet society, the core of its political system, state and public organizations is the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. The CPSU exists for the people and serves the people ..."

    Secondly. In Stalin's famous toast in honor of the victory over fascism - "For the Russian people", not a single word was said about the role of the party.

    Thirdly. What happened to the USSR after one party usurped all power in their hands, when political decisions in the life of the country became predominant over economic ones - we are all witnesses to this ...
    1. Beefeater
      Beefeater 17 July 2016 11: 37
      +1
      The constitution in the USSR did not matter at all. Don’t you remember that the elections were held for pro forma? The role was played by the position of the party organs in a particular issue. Everything was decided by the Central Committee and the post of Chairman of the Presidium was decorative.
  6. Boris55
    Boris55 17 July 2016 09: 26
    0
    Quote: Light Turunov
    In conclusion, I want to say that while the Soviet political system was headed by people loyal to the communist idea, it remained stable.

    What this "stability" has led to - today we all feel on ourselves every day. But under Stalin, when the Soviet government was at the forefront, there was no stability, there was a dynamic of development thanks to which they carried out industrialization and defeated fascism.

    From Stalin's speech "For the Russian people"
    "... Some other people could say: you did not live up to our hopes, we will install another government, which make peace with Germany and provide us with peace. It could happen, keep in mind."

    What kind of people did Comrade Stalin mention? Is it not about those Trotskyists with party tickets in their pockets who are ready for their own good to serve anyone who killed Stalin and made peace with the West?
  7. andrewkor
    andrewkor 17 July 2016 09: 48
    0
    "Vasily Ivanovich, you are for the Bolsheviks, or for the Communists7" is a question for all time!
  8. midshipman
    midshipman 17 July 2016 09: 59
    +4
    Only Vasily Ivanovich was asked a question not about the Communists and Bolsheviks, but about the Internationale: "For the second or for the third?" The answer, dear readers of "VO", you remember. I have the honor.
    1. Boris55
      Boris55 17 July 2016 10: 07
      -2
      Quote: midshipman
      Only Vasily Ivanovich was asked a question not about the Communists and Bolsheviks, but about the Internationale: "For the second or for the third?" The answer, dear readers of "VO", you remember. I have the honor.

      Two questions were asked. you are both right. But what is the difference between the Bolsheviks and the Communists, and why then the people shared them - this question is interesting ...

      1. PHANTOM-AS
        PHANTOM-AS 17 July 2016 10: 39
        +3
        My friend NVV said that the ideal of a communist for him was the hero of the feature film "Communist".
        Although you didn’t have a party card, Vitya, you were a real communist!

        Eternal memory to you, Vitya! soldier

        1. PHANTOM-AS
          PHANTOM-AS 17 July 2016 12: 07
          +1
          Who put Vitya "-"? answer !!!
          Why are you kicking dead? You kick me, try it!
          And minus this is yours ...., you glue on your forehead am
          It’s a pity I can’t say everything that I think and I can’t reach you, it’s a pity!
  9. iouris
    iouris 17 July 2016 12: 00
    +2
    Soviet society existed in a hostile environment under the threat of external aggression and therefore had a rigid structure that corresponded to the tasks of survival and development. The core of the political system was the CPSU. Private ownership of the means of production, subsoil, land was prohibited, therefore its unity was preserved. In the absence of exploiting classes, the CPSU expressed the fundamental interests of Soviet society. In the conditions of the unity of society, military construction was aimed at protecting public property from seizure only from the outside. This goal stemmed from the program goal of the CPSU.
    In the 1970s, the formation of family clans in the USSR that controlled enterprises and sectors of the economy intensified. After 1991, especially after 1998, the material and technical base of socialism went into private ownership for subsequent destruction. The counter-revolution that began after the XNUMXth Congress of the CPSU ended. The formation of a comprador economy that serves the interests of TNCs has begun. There are practically no TNCs in the Russian Federation. More precisely, the only real TNC is Gazprom. It turns out that the core of the political system of the Russian Federation is CJSC Gazprom. Gazprom is trying to survive in a monopolistic competition. The tasks of military construction also follow from this.
  10. Igor V
    Igor V 17 July 2016 15: 11
    +1
    D.F.Ustinov was one of the youngest people's commissars during the war. In our Victory there is a considerable share of his work. The reasons for the defeats are for some reason discussed, but the reasons for the victories are not. One of the reasons for our victories is that Dmitry Fedorovich was the People's Commissar for Armaments.
  11. stas
    stas 17 July 2016 20: 11
    0
    As a result of the lack of control on the part of the people, the snickering top of the CPSU, which in fact was only called Communists, betrayed everything. Humpbacked, Shevarnadze, Yakovlev, Kravchuk, Shushkevich, EBN and etc.

    How Vlasov betrayed his army.

    The contemporary elite of Russia is also uncontrolled; sometimes shows with questions and answers get tired.
    The people are in ecstasy, some of them are ready to tear anyone like a Tuzik heating pad who dares to criticize the main thing.
  12. thorns
    thorns 17 July 2016 22: 58
    +1
    “In conclusion, I would like to say that while the Soviet political system was headed by people devoted to the communist idea, it remained stable. The loss of deep conviction in the correctness of communist ideals by the new generation of leaders of the CPSU, Gorbachev, Shevardnadze, Yakovlev, Yeltsin and others, who grew up in stable post-war conditions and made the political a career in the 60s and 70s, but who did not acquire the ideological conviction of their predecessors, led to a distortion of the principle of the formation of the party and state apparatus, the substitution of the values ​​of public and private life, and ultimately to the collapse of the Communist Party as the leading and guiding force of the Soviet state and the change in the socio-political system of the Soviet Union, which led to the collapse of the state - the USSR and the life tragedy of millions of people

    Author tsekist. The same security officer as Zyuganov. Let me remind you that the party has not decided the food program. The planning system itself from a single center is crippled. How much grain was lost on the elevators? 20-25%. You can talk a lot about the low quality of civilian production. The party organized the Victory in the Second World War. But failed to ensure economic development.