Military Review

RKS: Kasatka radar will significantly improve Russia's “cosmic vision”

46
The highly-detailed radar system (VRLC) of the new generation Kasatka-R, developed by NII TP JSC (part of Russian Space Systems JSC, RCS), will allow you to view objects on the Earth the size of a football in any weather. press office RKS.




The VLCK Kasatka-R is being created to be included in the target observation equipment of the Obzor-R space complex being developed by JSC RCC Progress (Samara). Its launch is scheduled for 2019 year to form a new Russian satellite constellation of radar remote sensing of the Earth (RSD). This space radar is created on the basis of a broadband polarimetric digital active phased array (AFAR). In the on-board equipment, the original methods of multichannel radar imaging of the Earth with the use of state-of-the-art Digital Beam Forming (DBF) technologies are applied, ”the release says.

According to the press service, “the use of Obzor-R spacecraft with the Kasatka-R radar will expand the modern possibilities for observing the surface of the planet.”

It is noted that "the capabilities of the radar allow around the clock and regardless of weather conditions to conduct radar surveys of the planet's surface in the X-band in the interests of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Agriculture, the Federal Registration Service, other ministries and departments, as well as regions of Russia.

Chief Designer of NII TP Victor Riman:
“There are no such radars in orbit yet, although work in this direction is actively carried out in Europe, Canada, Japan, South Korea and the USA. The use of digital beam-forming technology allows obtaining frames of large-sized radar images of the earth's surface with high spatial resolution up to 0,3-1,0 m. At the same time, the adaptive properties of the radar are significantly improved due to the greater flexibility in controlling the parameters of the radar survey. This will give new qualities to the "cosmic vision" of Russia. "


It is reported that in "NII TP" "have already completed the prototyping of key devices VRKLK" Kasatka-R "and started their manufacture."
Photos used:
http://russianspacesystems.ru
46 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. Scoun
    Scoun 15 July 2016 12: 02
    -1
    Well, so that people do not start to signal an error / scratch.
    Aperture (Latin apertura - hole) in optics is a characteristic of an optical device that describes its ability to collect light and withstand diffraction blurring of image details.

    What is "aperture"?
    iconsumption.ru ›note / 743
    And one way to do this is to control the lens aperture (or aperture) ...

    Synthetic Aperture Space Radar Kasatka-R, developed by NII TP
    Read more: http://vpk-news.ru/news/31454

    Oh. Have you already removed this line from the article? laughing
    1. vkl.47
      vkl.47 15 July 2016 12: 13
      +9
      getting ready for the 2018 World Cup laughing we will follow the soccer ball
      1. cniza
        cniza 15 July 2016 12: 18
        +4
        Quote: vkl.47
        getting ready for the 2018 World Cup laughing we will follow the soccer ball


        And the main thing is the process of their manufacture, so that, so to speak, everyone is registered and the place of everyone’s position is tracked.
        1. Elephant
          Elephant 15 July 2016 15: 40
          0
          Do not have time for our 2018 World Cup. They write - the launch is scheduled for 2019. And then, it’s only so far in the plans ...
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. bastard
        bastard 15 July 2016 19: 22
        +1
        Quote: vkl.47
        getting ready for the 2018 FIFA World Cup we will follow the soccer ball

        Eprst! I will probably be able to write an article and collect the most common spelling errors. Type of spelling: -tya / -tya; -zhi / -shi; -cha / -sha; th and so forth. Already wrote about
        It’s useless.
        Comrades, sometimes look in the spelling dictionary of the Russian language! It seems like everything is with education, but the eye hurts.
    2. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K 15 July 2016 14: 00
      +4
      Quote: Scoun
      Well, so that people do not start to signal an error / scratch.
      Aperture (Latin apertura - hole) in optics is a characteristic of an optical device that describes its ability to collect light and withstand diffraction blurring of image details.

      What is "aperture"?
      iconsumption.ru ›note / 743
      And one way to do this is to control the lens aperture (or aperture) ...

      Synthetic Aperture Space Radar Kasatka-R, developed by NII TP
      Read more: http://vpk-news.ru/news/31454

      Oh. Have you already removed this line from the article? laughing

      What confused you then? Own ignorance of modern radar technology?
      Wikipedia:
      Aperture radar synthesis (PCA) is a method that allows you to obtain radar images of the earth's surface and the objects located on it, regardless of weather conditions and the level of natural light of the area with detail comparable to aerial photographs.
      1. Scoun
        Scoun 15 July 2016 15: 24
        +1
        Quote: Алексей_К
        What confused you then? Own ignorance of modern radar technology?

        Well yes. I wrote in plain text.
        Quote: Scoun
        Well, so that people do not start to signal an error / scratch.

        Because I myself thought at first that there was a blot in the sentence

        Quote: Scoun
        Synthetic aperture space radar "Kasatka-R",

        Then I checked myself and it turned out that I was an ignoramus in this matter and that if someone else thought like me ... in general, I could understand that everything was fine and therefore posted the links. Then what is incomprehensible? )))
        By the way, this phrase was cut out of the article while I was writing a comment. Looks like someone thought the same)))
      2. Skifotavr
        Skifotavr 15 July 2016 21: 49
        0
        Quote: Алексей_К
        Quote: Scoun
        Well, so that people do not start to signal an error / scratch.
        Aperture (Latin apertura - hole) in optics is a characteristic of an optical device that describes its ability to collect light and withstand diffraction blurring of image details.

        What is "aperture"?
        iconsumption.ru ›note / 743
        And one way to do this is to control the lens aperture (or aperture) ...

        Synthetic Aperture Space Radar Kasatka-R, developed by NII TP
        Read more: http://vpk-news.ru/news/31454

        Oh. Have you already removed this line from the article? laughing

        What confused you then? Own ignorance of modern radar technology?
        Wikipedia:
        Aperture radar synthesis (PCA) is a method that allows you to obtain radar images of the earth's surface and the objects located on it, regardless of weather conditions and the level of natural light of the area with detail comparable to aerial photographs.

        Synthetic aperture radars have been around for a long time and are used in aviation and spacecraft. If you do not go into technical and physical details, then increasing the range and detail of such radars is due to the high speed of the carrier of these radars.
    3. Starover_Z
      Starover_Z 15 July 2016 21: 10
      0
      "The use of the Obzor-R spacecraft with the Kasatka-R radar will expand modern capabilities for observing the planet's surface"

      And what will citizen O'Bam and the State Department say to that ?!
    4. Absurdidat
      Absurdidat 15 July 2016 21: 24
      +1
      Aperture is the working surface, refracting, reflecting, collecting, polarizing. Light is a radio wave in the first place, the corpuscular model is of little use in most areas. So that’s all right — the aperture of a parabolic antenna, refractor telescope, catadioptric, parabolic mirror in the Newton’s telescope — all this is true. Aperture AFAR - the size of the active part of the antenna sheet.
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 15 July 2016 12: 03
    +5
    I guess that this technique will work not only in favor of the Ministry of Agriculture. laughing
    1. i80186
      i80186 15 July 2016 12: 19
      +3
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      I guess that this technique will work not only in favor of the Ministry of Agriculture. laughing

      No, that you. Here is a typical example of high technology in agriculture. wink
      1. Skifotavr
        Skifotavr 15 July 2016 21: 59
        0
        Quote: i80186
        Quote: Mountain Shooter
        I guess that this technique will work not only in favor of the Ministry of Agriculture. laughing

        No, that you. Here is a typical example of high technology in agriculture. wink

        No matter how the tractor itself is stolen ... laughing
    2. Skifotavr
      Skifotavr 15 July 2016 21: 56
      0
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      I guess that this technique will work not only in favor of the Ministry of Agriculture. laughing

      I agree. The simple thing is interesting - whether this spacecraft will be used simultaneously by civilians and the military, or whether they will launch their own and more powerful for the military.
  3. NEXUS
    NEXUS 15 July 2016 12: 03
    +2
    Good deal ... The problem of target designation and reconnaissance will be partially solved.
  4. guzik007
    guzik007 15 July 2016 12: 13
    -1
    Another not very successful name. The killer whale is a predator of the sea and, first of all, relies not on the eyes, but on the ear. But the eagles there, or all kinds of kites from a height of 3-5 km can really see a mouse with grass.: =)
    1. Berkut24
      Berkut24 15 July 2016 12: 48
      +2
      But do not care what they called? If only it worked as it should. These names are only for civil rotozei, for the military there is such a name from the numbers and letters that you can break your head.
    2. KCA
      KCA 15 July 2016 13: 17
      +1
      proper names assigned to Russian and earlier Soviet equipment and weapons have always pleased with kindness and unpredictability :-)
    3. Parsec
      Parsec 15 July 2016 13: 58
      +2
      Killer whale is a swallow.
      Killer whale is a marine predator.
  5. Banishing liberoids
    Banishing liberoids 15 July 2016 12: 15
    0
    And what they don’t want to launch into orbit before, they would experience it in action, reveal all the "childhood diseases" so that there would be fewer problems in the future.
    1. Leto
      Leto 15 July 2016 12: 20
      0
      Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
      And what they don’t want to launch into orbit before, they would experience it in action, reveal all the "childhood diseases" so that there would be fewer problems in the future.

      In such cases, haste is harmful, this is not an airplane, which can heal "childhood diseases" on the ground, this is a one-time and terribly expensive thing.
    2. Simple
      Simple 15 July 2016 15: 40
      +2
      Quote: Exorcist Liberoids
      And they don’t want to launch into orbit earlier?

      1. Since 2009, JSC NII TP has operated the Kasatka-R radar for the Obzor-R spacecraft
      there are difficulties with AFAR, or rather with MRP and with Digital Beam Forming equipment - DBF
      2. The CC "Obzor-R" itself (JSC "RCC" Progress "(Samara) is not ready. Its launch is scheduled for 2019

      there’s nothing to run on, and why not.
      Now they are intensely testing components at the new automated complex stand in the anechoic chamber of the enterprise.
      + Software torment for DBF
  6. Muvka
    Muvka 15 July 2016 12: 29
    0
    And here is the space electronics pulling up.
    http://www.sdelanounas.ru/blogs/80440/
    Now, in my opinion, we are moving at an accelerated pace towards import substitution in this industry.
  7. Bramb
    Bramb 15 July 2016 12: 54
    -2
    I don `t understand.
    Even 30 years ago we were assured that from space you can read the license plate: "They are a little better, ours are a little worse." And now "we can see the soccer ball." Something is wrong here.
    There are specialists who can explain this?
    1. Professor
      Professor 15 July 2016 13: 12
      0
      Quote: Bramb
      Even 30 years ago we were assured that from space you can read the license plate: "They are a little better, ours are a little worse." And now "we can see the soccer ball." Something is wrong here.

      Everything is so here. Lied earlier. OBS that even stars on shoulder straps could be distinguished. Also a lie.
      1. Parsec
        Parsec 15 July 2016 14: 15
        +2
        Quote: Professor
        Everything is so here. Lied earlier. OBS that even stars on shoulder straps could be distinguished.


        No, they didn’t lie.

        It was about the number of a police car, which is applied to the roof for interaction with helicopters.
        The size of that number, executed in white over black, is 3 feet per foot, and the line width is 3 inches. It is seen. The former compatriot who launched this half-year into circulation did not go into details; it turned out that he almost did not lie.
        They found a magazine in the concerned departments, something like Popular Mechanics, laughed, but did not go to the scientific community with refutations.
        Stars on shoulder straps, yes, complete nonsense.
        1. Professor
          Professor 15 July 2016 14: 21
          -1
          Quote: Parsec
          It was about the number of a police car, which is applied to the roof for interaction with helicopters.
          The size of that number, executed in white over black, is 3 feet per foot, and the line width is 3 inches. It is seen. The former compatriot who launched this half-year into circulation did not go into details; it turned out that he almost did not lie.
          They found a magazine in the concerned departments, something like Popular Mechanics, laughed, but did not go to the scientific community with refutations.

          And why not the number on the roof of the bus? By the way, can you look at the satellite photo of the number on the roof of a police car? That's it. Bullshit. fellow
          1. Senior manager
            Senior manager 15 July 2016 20: 52
            0
            Profesor, God's gift and fried eggs are two different things. We are talking about the locator, and compared with the optics locator.
            1. Professor
              Professor 16 July 2016 06: 34
              -1
              Quote: St. Propulsion
              Profesor, God's gift and fried eggs are two different things. We are talking about the locator, and compared with the optics locator.

              Convinced. Give the resolution of both satellites, or rather satellite images from both, and we will compare them.
              Professor. hi
    2. Simple
      Simple 15 July 2016 15: 53
      +4
      Quote: Bramb
      Even 30 years ago we were assured that from space you can read the license plate: "They are a little better, ours are a little worse." And now "we can see the soccer ball." Something is wrong here.

      1. But they didn’t lie about optics, but lied, a little
      theoretically, only one spy satellite is able to view the bar of a license plate on a car in the form of several white pixels. But to read the issue, not to mention epaulettes and newspapers, is simply physically impossible
      The Hubble Space Telescope from an altitude of 700 km could capture the Earth with a resolution of up to 10-15 cm, under ideal conditions, if it were allowed by technical capabilities. Accordingly, KH-11 at the lower point of its orbit can give a resolution of up to 5 cm. But, again, this is in ideal conditions, in the absence of cloudiness, smog, fog and just dust above the subject. In addition, the higher the resolution, and the closer the satellite to the Earth’s surface, the narrower the capture range of its survey and the less opportunity to look around.


      on google map No satellite imagery resolution higher than 50 cm per pixel. Until recently, commercial distribution of more detailed satellite imagery was banned in the United States. Therefore, if you find pictures in any city where you can see people walking and other details - this is aerial photography, you can publish it.

      2. And "Kasatka-R" is a radar (radar spacecraft) with SAR, and even with DBF
      1. Absurdidat
        Absurdidat 15 July 2016 21: 29
        0
        Not so much smog, dust and fog as siing. Adaptation here is very limited in capabilities, in contrast to observations from the Earth for CO.
  8. silver_roman
    silver_roman 15 July 2016 13: 06
    0
    Interesting, but what will she eat? will they put the reactor again? And what is the interesting service life?
    It is clear that infa is secret.
    There was a satellite constellation in the USSR to track the AUG of the adversary. But dear, this thing.
    1. Simple
      Simple 15 July 2016 18: 50
      +3
      Quote: silver_roman
      put the reactor again?

      he doesn’t need a reactor (consumption up to 4 kW), and he won’t fit in (weight up to 2000kg)
      "powered" will be from solar panels (Legend flew too low)

  9. desyatka
    desyatka 15 July 2016 13: 39
    +1
    Quote: Bramb
    I don `t understand.
    Even 30 years ago we were assured that from space you can read the license plate: "They are a little better, ours are a little worse." And now "we can see the soccer ball." Something is wrong here.
    There are specialists who can explain this?

    it was about military satellites - spies, and this is civilian.
    1. Simple
      Simple 15 July 2016 18: 36
      +3
      Quote: desyatka
      and this is civilian.

      There is nothing more military than "civilian" wink
      Data from the Obzor-R satellite will be used in the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia, the Ministry of Agriculture, Rosreestr, cadastre and cartography and for other ministries and departments of Russia with the aim of solving the following main tasks: mapping, monitoring of natural and man-made emergencies, identifying potentially dangerous geological processes, objects and phenomena in the construction areas, ensuring environmental management tasks, Search

      Highly detailed frame mode 1 (Resolution, m) 2х470 (Span, km) 20 (Bandwidth, km) Polarization-Single (optional - H / H, V / V, H / V, V / H)
      for Rosreestra nafign definitely not needed
  10. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 15 July 2016 14: 25
    0
    allows to receive frames of radar images of the Earth’s surface of large sizes with high spatial resolution up to 0,3-1,0 m.

    I personally liked the article. Back in the 80s, we argued with the Americans how many stars on shoulder straps can be seen from space. So they argued that we have a number of lieutenant generals (two stars along the pursuit - an ensign) more than lieutenants. From memory, 0.3 meters is an agreed resolution for everyone, but this applies to "Clear Sky", and space is not that concept, there are no rules! (radio and optics are different concepts, although the meaning is fundamentally the same).
  11. PKTRL
    PKTRL 15 July 2016 17: 01
    +1
    Quote: silver_roman
    Interesting, but what will she eat? will they put the reactor again? And what is the interesting service life?
    It is clear that infa is secret.
    There was a satellite constellation in the USSR to track the AUG of the adversary. But dear, this thing.


    ICRC "Legend" was called .. wink
  12. Mentat
    Mentat 15 July 2016 18: 20
    0
    Quote: Bramb
    I don `t understand.
    Even 30 years ago we were assured that from space you can read the license plate: "They are a little better, ours are a little worse." And now "we can see the soccer ball." Something is wrong here.
    There are specialists who can explain this?

    We are talking about different methods of observation: radar and optics.
  13. Mentat
    Mentat 15 July 2016 18: 35
    0
    Quote: Just
    Also, higher resolution, and the closer the satellite is to the Earth’s surface, the narrower the capture range of his shooting and less opportunity to look around.

    This is why this statement? Technically not true. Are there any nuances of implementation in satellite equipment?
    1. Absurdidat
      Absurdidat 15 July 2016 21: 32
      0
      No match. Pull the base of the pyramids onto the ball, one pyramid is acute-angled, the other lower.
    2. Simple
      Simple 16 July 2016 00: 52
      0
      ?
      Smartphone, camera, zoom, distance to the subject.
      Or
      Optics, magnification, distance to the target.
      Or now you can see (before 22.06) the passage of the ISS. Through the eyes.
      It can’t be caught in optics (the capture band is small, speed. Great)
      Etc
  14. SAA
    SAA 15 July 2016 23: 16
    0
    Wangyu that the first complex will be placed on the moon. And it will be a double victory.
  15. Mentat
    Mentat 17 July 2016 01: 08
    0
    Quote: Absurdidat
    No match. Pull the base of the pyramids onto the ball, one pyramid is acute-angled, the other lower.

    In this wording does not match. Because it means: in order to permit object in the picture increased, it is necessary to increase the focal length of the lens (this will be "narrower shooting capture band"). However, for this one can not only increase the FR, but simply increase the resolution of the recording matrix. The unambiguous dependence indicated in the statement does not exist, this is a special case, and not some rule.
  16. berezin1987
    berezin1987 17 July 2016 23: 52
    0
    It is necessary to create powerful satellites with radar to detect AUG and transmit target designation to them.
  17. rudicchelli
    rudicchelli 11 September 2017 22: 33
    0
    Very happy with this good news ...
    I am glad that money is going in the right direction, space, science, defense and technology ..
    As recently as four years ago, he participated in negotiations with the EADS regarding the payload.
    Khimki NPO named after S.A. Lavochkina became the winner of the tender of the Ministry of Defense for the creation of the latest satellite electronic surveillance system of five spacecraft.
    http://www.khimki.org/news/npo-imeni-lavochkina-v
    yigralo-tender-na-sputniki-shpiony-stoimostyu-70-
    milliardov-rubley


    The basis of the commercial offer from EADS - Astrium was taken the system and to this day, which has no analogues in the world, has been successfully implemented and has been operating since 2007.
    The peculiarity of the German system, in its combination of two satellites ... Tandem, which allows you to scan a 3D surface profile in real time ... in Tandem mode, accuracy is 4 times higher for static objects and when determining the speed of objects is 15 times more accurate than single satellite ...
    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/TanDEM-X

    PS but unfortunately, after the banderlogs were furious, cooperation on the project was stopped ..
  18. rudicchelli
    rudicchelli 11 September 2017 22: 37
    0
    You can watch the video here.