Military Review

North vs South: the myth of the war for the freedom of slaves

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North vs South: the myth of the war for the freedom of slaves

Highlights in stories United States is the war of the North and South 1861 — 1865's, the Civil War. In Russia, little is known about this event, for the majority it was "a war for the abolition of slavery in the South, for the freedom of black slaves, a battle with the damned slave owners." This message can be found both in textbooks on the history of New and Newest times for secondary schools, and in high school textbooks.


The fact is that this statement is contrary to reality. It is time for him to go to the area of ​​jokes and historical myths. The reason for the secession (secession of any part of the state) of the Confederate States of America (CSA) was the election of Abraham Lincoln as president. The southern clans considered him a protege of the bourgeoisie of the North and an illegal president.

In addition, it cannot be assumed that this was a war of only “capitalist” states against “slave-owning”, four “slave-owning” states remained on the side of the North: Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri and Maryland. It should be noted that Lincoln was not an ardent fighter against slavery, he said: “My most important task in this struggle is to save the Union, and not to save or destroy slavery. If I could save the Union without freeing a single slave, I would do it, and if I had to free all slaves to save it, I would also do it. ” Lincoln did not advocate for the social and political equality of whites and blacks. In his opinion, the blacks could not be given the right to vote, be allowed to jury in courts, hold any public office, allow mixed marriages with them, because between the two races there are huge physical differences that do not allow "living together on the basis of social and political equality. "

In the North, there were many supporters of slavery: from the poor, who feared competition from hundreds of thousands of blacks who received freedom to lose their jobs, to some manufacturers (who used black labor in tobacco and cotton factories), bankers who received good interest from the slave trade and investment in it capitals.

General Robert Lee, who led the southerner's army, was an opponent of slavery and had no slaves. And in the family of General Grant (the most famous of the commanders of the North) slaves were before the abolition of slavery. As a part of the army of the South, entire units, which consisted of blacks, fought, and they ceased to be slaves. And slavery in the South itself tended to decline, becoming economically unprofitable, it, apparently, would have been gradually abolished, but without the horrors of war and Reconstruction (when the southern states were simply occupied and plundered as conquered territories).

The main causes of the war lay in the field of economics

In the North, in the period preceding the war, a powerful industry and banking sector were created. Open slave trade and slavery did not bring such fabulous profits as the exploitation of thousands and thousands of "free" people in terrible conditions. The northern clans needed millions of new workers for their enterprises. And slaves in agriculture could replace thousands of agricultural machinery, increasing profitability. It is clear that to implement their global plans, the northern clans needed power over all the States.

Before the start of the war, the States in terms of industrial output broke into fourth place, brutally exploiting “white slaves” - Poles, Germans, Irish, Swedes, etc. But the owners of the country looked to the future, they needed first place. The discovery of the richest gold deposits in California in the 1848 year allowed, from 1850 to 1886, to produce more than one-third of the global production of this precious metal (up to 1840, almost all of the gold came from Russia). This was one of the factors that allowed the construction of a huge network of railways. To prepare the country for the battle for leadership on the planet, it was necessary to resolve the issue with the South.

Southern planters were content with what they had. For agriculture was enough and slave labor. In the south, tobacco, sugarcane, cotton, and rice were grown. Raw materials from the South went to the North. In addition, the dispute went around the issue of tax on imported goods: the North wanted to make them as high as possible to protect its industry with protectionist duties, and the South wanted to trade with other countries freely.

Thus, there was a clash between the old slave-owning elite, which was satisfied with the established order, and the northern bourgeoisie, which saw the horizons of a “democracy” of a new type, where a change in the form of exploitation would bring even more profit. Nobody thought about “good” for blacks.


Preparing for a fight


The famous war of the North and the South became the battle of two elites, and the so-called. “Citizens” —the white and liberated black poor, farmers, etc. — have become common “cannon fodder.” And for the majority of southerners (slave owners among them there was a small minority, so the planters were less than 0,5% of the population) it was a war for trampled independence, they considered themselves to be a nation in danger, loss of freedom.

Preparations for the war went on for quite a long time - a “public opinion” was being prepared. And I must say, this process was so successful that until now the opinion about the war “for the freedom of blacks” prevails in the mass consciousness. Back in 1822, a colony of “free colored people” was founded in Africa under the auspices of the American Colonization Society (an organization created in 1816) and other private American groups in Africa - in 1824, it was called Liberia. After that, a loud campaign "against oppression" began. She was not only in the press of the North, but also among the black slaves in the South. Negros for a long time did not give in to provocation, the majority did not want to go to Africa. But in the end, a wave of senseless Negro uprisings and riots swept across the South, they were brutally suppressed. Born so-called. "Lynch courts", at the slightest suspicion, Negroes were burned, hung up, shot.

A large information campaign was held on the occasion of an attempt to capture an arsenal at Harpers-Ferry by John Brown in 1859. It was an abolitionist - supporter of the abolition of slavery. Inspired by the images of the Old Testament, where the prophets and warriors did not retreat before the massacres "in the name of the Lord", this religious fanatic fought in Kansas (there the outbreak of the Civil War occurred in 1854-1858 years). There he became famous for the Potawatomi Creek massacre. 24 May 1856 of the Year Brown and his people knocked on the doors of the settlement houses under the guise of lost travelers, and when they were opened, they broke into houses, threw men into the street and literally chopped them into pieces. Brown wanted to organize a general Negro rebellion. October 16 1859, he tried to seize the government’s arsenal in Harpers Ferry (in modern West Virginia), but the diversion failed. Brown hanged. They made a hero out of a fanatic and a murderer.

The organizers of the information campaign could be content - the war could be started under “humane” slogans. The information war was won before the onset of the hot war. That is why the South during the fight remained in isolation, could not get loans. The Russian Empire even sent two Russian squadrons to New York and San Francisco during the civil war of 1861-1865 to provide moral support to the Northern States and show the world St. Petersburg’s readiness to defend US independence in the event of possible armed intervention by the European powers (to example, Britain). In New York stood the squadron of Admiral Popov, and in San Francisco - Admiral Lisowski.

War and its results

Southerners skillfully maneuvered, inflicting a series of sensitive defeats northerners. General fame won General Robert Lee. But the advantage in human, financial, military-industrial resources was on the side of the North - they could mobilize more people, put out more guns. General Northerners Ulysses Grant did not at all consider human losses. In the North, they introduced universal military service, seized all the efficient men, those who could not pay something in 300 dollars. Forced recruitment, raids. All the white poor thrown "cannon fodder." As a result, the North was able to bring its army almost to 3 million people against a million southerners. Many adventurers, adventurers, winners, revolutionaries and romantics who fought for "freedom" came to the USA. In the army of the North, barrage detachments were used, they had to drive the retreating soldiers back, if the fleet refused, they were shot, only the wounded were allowed to pass.

As a result, the northerners won the war of attrition. Won the North, this has already been said, and on the diplomatic front. After the war on the 13 th amendment of the Constitution (she banned slavery), the negros received "freedom". They were simply thrown out of the barracks, huts, from the land of their owners-planters, deprived of even the few property that they had. The lucky ones were able to settle in with the servants of their former owners. At the same time, a law was passed in the States that prohibited vagrancy. Thousands of people could not return to their former life and move around the country, looking for work. Northerners planned to transfer the mass of blacks to mines, mines, factories, construction of railways. But in the end, a significant part of the Negroes found a “third way” - a wild revelry of “black crime” began in the States, aggravated by the defeat of the southerners, the South was the de facto occupied territory, with all the ensuing consequences. In addition, many southerners died in battles, were placed in camps and could not protect their families.

In response, the whites created the Ku Klux Klan, the people's squads, again a wave of "Lynch ships." Mutual hatred and slaughter created an atmosphere of a fully managed society, where the masters of the North held their own activities to transform the States.
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40 comments
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  1. Lech e-mine
    Lech e-mine 2 January 2012 08: 13
    +10
    Negroes threw a tasty bone in the form of promises. (Freedom - how sweet it sounds).
    1. esaul
      esaul 2 January 2012 10: 10
      +13
      Lyokha e-mine! And this bone was waved by blacks in front of the nose until the beginning of the 50 of the past, the 20 of the century, when the last atavisms of segregation were abolished! Back in the years of the Second World War There was this division on a racial basis in the US Army and Navy! And this despite the constant bleating about equality and democracy!
      1. wall
        wall 2 January 2012 19: 27
        +8
        I agree. Note! The heyday of democracy, the recognition by blacks of all rights, falls precisely at the beginning of the Cold War. Blacks could easily join the socialist parties, of which there were quite a lot in the USA then. And this is a revolutionary situation on its own territory. The United States could not do this!
    2. Nick
      Nick 2 January 2012 20: 37
      +7
      How many years have passed, even centuries, and the technology of organizing all sorts of mess by the Americans successfully works today.
    3. Denis
      Denis 3 January 2012 07: 47
      +5
      Quote: Leha e-mine
      Freedom - how sweet it sounds

      only she needs to be able to use it, a sad example of that South Africa which freed blacks turn into garbage
  2. dred
    dred 2 January 2012 09: 45
    +5
    Democracy is her mother.
    1. mark021105
      mark021105 3 January 2012 17: 16
      +3
      Shit ... that brought to the handle and our POWER ...
  3. saratt
    saratt 2 January 2012 09: 50
    +2
    well, people of a different race were used there. in Russia serfdom was abolished only in 1864, and if you really look at the same slavery, only the masters and slaves were of the same faith and belonged to the same people
    1. shtirliz
      shtirliz 4 January 2012 01: 13
      0
      not only in 1864, but in 1861
  4. Order
    Order 2 January 2012 11: 55
    +8
    I recommend the book by Alexander Bushkov "Unknown War. The Secret History of the United States", a very informative and fascinating essay. The book is full of many little-known facts and essentially turns upside down the entire history of the US Civil War, and is written in a lively and fascinating language inherent in the author ...
    1. Farkash
      Farkash 2 January 2012 13: 21
      +9
      I subscribe to the recommendation, the book is really interesting, one story about the "cleaning machine" for raw cotton is worth a lot. For so many years, gentlemen "historians" have soared our brains with stories about the "noble liberation war of the progressive North," and the truth, unfortunately, is only now beginning to be revealed. Money and money again - this is the whole raison d'être of the United States and the reason for all the wars that America has fought.
  5. ward
    ward 2 January 2012 12: 03
    +3
    From blacks and Mongols, children do not start. From sabaks and cats please. This is about racial fables ... Democracy is different in that if you are not with us then we will ... well, in short, it’s clear. Just like the Greeks who invented it.
  6. rumpeljschtizhen
    rumpeljschtizhen 2 January 2012 12: 39
    +6
    I watched a cool film about the Ku Klux Klan 1911 release of black and white .. much to explain ............. this organization is different than we usually imagine
    article interesting to the author +
  7. Chuck-norris
    Chuck-norris 2 January 2012 12: 54
    +6
    The whole history of the USA is a lie.
  8. PSih2097
    PSih2097 2 January 2012 13: 24
    -3
    In Russia, little is known about this event, for the majority it was "a war for the abolition of slavery in the South, for the freedom of black slaves, the battle with the damned slave owners."

    I don’t know why there’s such an opinion that we know nothing or know little about the war of "north and south", for me it is enough to read westerns, watch films and TV series to form my own opinion about the war ...
    1. Andrey77
      Andrey77 2 January 2012 14: 33
      0
      Name the movie without a Negro? Without "political correctness"? Even one dwarf in "Snow White" is black!
    2. ivachum
      ivachum 2 January 2012 15: 34
      +5
      Here's the answer .... Judging about the war of the North and the South by Westerns is the same as judging the 2nd world game Call of Duty ...
  9. rumpeljschtizhen
    rumpeljschtizhen 2 January 2012 14: 04
    +2
    note so far in the United States is not an unequivocal opinion about that war ....... and the Confederate flag ..... many
  10. guessed
    guessed 2 January 2012 15: 11
    +5
    Pindos always fought for the grandmother. And then too. The southern states were the main source of foreign exchange earnings, exporting a huge amount of cotton fabrics and cotton.
    And the fact that the slaves were freed .... Lincoln Byd is not at all a fool. And he was able to get out in relations with England and France, not allowing them to openly oppose the North. With slaves the same story. All the economic power of the south rested on slaves. Having freed the slaves, Lincoln deprived the South of the economy, and the north received a decent number of volunteers in their army.
    The fate of the Confederates was a foregone conclusion ... and even the talents of General Lee could not be saved.
  11. Odesit
    Odesit 2 January 2012 15: 37
    +4
    The entire history of the United States is a war for sales markets and the promotion of the interests of monopolies, which actually order the external and internal course of the state. All the wars that the states waged were financially motivated. At the same time, all this chaos is camouflaged in the toga of "the struggle for democracy and human rights" (in this case, blacks), although they deeply do not care about the rights of the "liberated".
    Very sorry. that the British crown with its vaunted fleet and trained army could not (or did not want to) disperse the gang of demagogues - masons (founding fathers) and allowed the existence of the United States. .
    The correct article !!!
    1. Evgeny B.
      Evgeny B. 5 January 2012 06: 26
      0
      Quote:
      "It is a pity that the British crown, with its vaunted fleet and well-trained army, could not (or did not want) to disperse a gang of demagogues - Freemasons (founding fathers) and allowed the existence of the United States."

      So the founding fathers are all the same derivatives from the British, if you look in depth. If you look well, then behind the scenes of all world events, British ears stick out. And next to them are the paisas.
    2. Galina
      Galina 5 January 2012 06: 31
      +1
      Quote:
      "It is a pity that the British crown, with its vaunted fleet and well-trained army, could not (or did not want) to disperse a gang of demagogues - Freemasons (founding fathers) and allowed the existence of the United States."

      So the founding fathers are all the same derivatives from the British, if you look in depth. If you look well, then behind the scenes of all world events, British ears stick out. And next to them are the paisas.
  12. serge
    serge 2 January 2012 15: 56
    +5
    However, the Negroes were promised democracy. And now they are trying to throw us.
  13. Evgeny B.
    Evgeny B. 2 January 2012 16: 45
    +6
    At one time, Europe threw into America most of the human ballast accumulated in it. She sighed for a while, thinking that she could manage somehow in America, but this did not work. Now this ballast is trying to control everyone. Their worldview and values ​​speak for themselves, this is their genetic code, the code of those who were originally sent there. So there is nothing to be surprised if they are not put in place — will there still be !?
  14. bandabas
    bandabas 2 January 2012 16: 55
    +2
    By the way. The first commissars then appeared in the northerners-historical fact.
  15. ballian
    ballian 2 January 2012 18: 27
    0
    It's funny to read how the vile slave owners and separatist rebels were turned into innocent victims. And the anti-slavery fighters were "fanatic" and "organizers of the information campaign."
    I do not understand what "myths" the author is talking about here. Where did he unearth these myths at all? In Soviet textbooks, maybe? ;))))
    The Northerners HAD NOT ATTENTED to initially abolish slavery in the OWNER states, and interfere in their internal orders, the new victorious president Lincoln merely proclaimed that the NEW States formed on the lands developed in the West would not be slaveholding (which meant for the southern states the prospect of becoming a minority in Congress and the impossibility of expanding the slave economy in new lands)
    And slavery in the USA was completely abolished altogether after the war itself - in the 1865 year (exactly the same way as the northerners in the rebellious states, the northerners decided to abolish only one and a half years after the war began)
    It was originally a war against the separatist rebels, the issue of slavery was in the background - it was the Southerners who did not want to make any compromises on this issue.
    1. Flexsus
      Flexsus 15 January 2013 11: 33
      0
      Did you read this in the school textbook? wassat
  16. sterx20072
    sterx20072 2 January 2012 21: 08
    +2
    There was a miniseries with Patrick Swayze like "Grays and Blues". There is such an episode - Swayze - a southerner comes north to a friend. At that factory: the workers are dirty, but hungry but free. "They can leave at any moment," the owners say. Swayze replies - "It's hard to leave if there is nothing to live." At the same time, they show the whipping of a Negro on the plantation. A village of slaves from decent huts, the slaves themselves in good clothes - in general, the slaves lived better than the white hard workers.
    1. Unasov
      Unasov April 20 2019 17: 02
      0
      You have to look. But. And if in the series the workers were clean and wearing glasses? In general, freedom and racket is beautiful. The most unfortunate dogs are also cropped and in suits run, but neutered.
  17. LiRoy
    LiRoy 2 January 2012 21: 47
    +4
    Civil war was the only way to unite the fragile United States, despite the deaths of 600 thousand people. Lincoln did everything to provoke the Southern states to declare secession. And so it is clear that this was a war for unification, and not for the mythical freedom of slaves. The fact that the labor of slaves in agriculture is ineffective can be argued, since after the war, slavery in the southern states persisted for quite a long time, since the free labor of whites after the war on plantations was very ineffective. By the beginning of the war, there were many warehouses with weapons on the territory of the CSA, as well as the most trained army units of the union who went over to their side together with brilliant chiefs (Lee, Jackson "Stone Wall", Stewart, Johnston), but as it was once again proved to be the winner war is not an army, but a state (the totality of economic, military, social, human potential). The myth of the war for the freedom of slaves was deliberately launched in order to defame the CSA in the eyes of the world community and accuse those who tried to help them in supporting slavery.
  18. ballian
    ballian 3 January 2012 01: 51
    -2
    Yeah "did it all" - what exactly is "all" ?? - Lincoln and the northern states did their best not to provoke the southerners to secede, despite the endless conflicts since 1820 on the issue of slavery in the "new territories", the northern states never even raised the issue of abolishing slavery in the southern slave states, Even after the start of the war, they did not touch on the issue of slavery in them for a year and a half. In fact, the abolition of slavery was the result of that "point of no return" into which the southerners drove themselves.
    PS Here Samsonov writes about 0% of planters - slave owners - of course there were so many large slave owners there, but he does not slyly say that every fourth white family owned slaves in the south, they fought (and even those who had no slaves) not for vague "trampled independence and loss of freedom", but for the freedom to use their slaves and simply because they could not imagine that "dirty niggas" could be equal to them - it was along the line of slavery that the country was split, just the victory of the president of the enemy of slavery (for the first time in history USA) infuriated them - that's why they fought with enthusiasm.
    1. Galina
      Galina 5 January 2012 06: 39
      -1
      Are you a nigga?
      Your comments are strange, and you reduce everything to some commonplace things at the level of emotions.
  19. Denis
    Denis 3 January 2012 07: 52
    +2
    there was an ordinary war for power and money, it is now served as a struggle against slavery
  20. Mr. Truth
    Mr. Truth 3 January 2012 13: 42
    +1
    The blacks won.
  21. LiRoy
    LiRoy 3 January 2012 14: 02
    +1
    The American Civil War is the largest military conflict in the world in the second half of the 19th century. The invention of barbed wire, the trench warfare during the siege of Petersberg and the use of new types of weapons already demonstrated that the classic military action had come to an end. Winfield Scott's Anaconda economic disruption plan is being successfully applied by the United States to achieve its own goals. I would like to see more articles about this war.
    1. bandabas
      bandabas 4 January 2012 16: 29
      +1
      As for new weapons. I did not know about the thorn. but the first armadillos + mitralles were massively used then.
      1. LiRoy
        LiRoy 4 January 2012 16: 37
        +1
        The battleship "Virginia" of the Confederates, and the battleship "Monitor" of the Union. Threatening monsters.
  22. Strabo
    Strabo 3 January 2012 16: 28
    +1
    All of the Torah I (taken from the Torah) history is a solid myth. It's time to rewrite it all over again. All without exception, but this requires courage. Studied for too long on these myths.
  23. Alexander Petrovich
    Alexander Petrovich 4 January 2012 00: 51
    +1
    Here you have a fairy tale about a white bull ..
  24. Prometey
    Prometey 10 January 2012 10: 53
    +1
    I agree 100% - the war between the North and the South was a squabble between two or more Jewish-Masonic groups, which had already seized power in the country. But against this background, the seemingly retrograde South, willing or not, opposed the merciless colonization of Western lands, which was proclaimed by the "humanist" Lincoln, when he simply promised everyone 160 acres of land in the West. True, the Indians who lived there interfered with this. The victory of the North hastened the process of "civilization" of the Wild West, which became an act of genocide in the United States against the indigenous population of North America. These were the consequences of the American Civil War, including the devastation of the southern states.
  25. Denis
    Denis 10 January 2012 11: 31
    0
    and niggaz, at least they’ve been freed, because there was a tramp, but they didn’t count people for a long, long time
  26. lightforcer
    lightforcer 22 January 2012 11: 28
    -1
    Author Samsonov Alexander

    It was necessary to begin with this.
  27. Flexsus
    Flexsus 15 January 2013 12: 05
    0
    The weakening of the United States is carried out for all six OSU priorities:

    6-th (military) retraction of the country in new military conflicts and retention in the old, reduction of the military budget;
    5-th (weapons of genocide) GMOs, consequences of the disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, the transformation of the United States into a victim of "natural disasters"
    4-th (economic) daily increase in state and domestic debts;
    3rd (factual - technology and religions belong to it) on this priority, the United States is sitting tightly. In the field of technology, the crowd is dominated by advanced technologies like Apple and the like; in religious life, there is no understanding of the above officially recognized confessions; The media create an active "information" noise "curtain", which practically does not allow you to see reality as it really is;
    2nd (chronological) the main source of historical knowledge for the "crowd" is the production of Hollywood;
    (here we propose to get acquainted independently with the following materials: "Myths about the Civil War in the USA")
    The first (ideological) priority "the crowd" for the most part does not realize at all, does not understand it with the exception of a small group of initiates who are the conductors of the "biblical global project" in the United States.
  28. VFS
    VFS 5 March 2015 08: 33
    0
    For some reason, Russia began to help the North. For all that, he is so kind of himself, judging by the text. I’m not sure that everything is so simple and that tsarist Russia was very stupid and only thought about England.