Military Review

The tragedy on the Khodynka field

79

120 years ago, 30 May 1896, in Moscow during the festival on the occasion of the accession of Nicholas II on the Khodynka field there was a crush, called Khodynsk catastrophe. The exact number of victims is unknown. According to one version, 1389 people died on the field, about 1500 were injured. Public opinion blamed the Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, who was the organizer of the event, he received the nickname "Prince Khodynsky." “Punished” only a few minor officials, including the Moscow Chief of Police A. Vlasovsky with an assistant — they were dismissed.


Nikolai Alexandrovich Romanov, the eldest son of Emperor Alexander III, was born on May 6 1868 in Petersburg. He received a home education: he was given lectures at the gymnasium course, then the law faculty and the Academy of the General Staff. Nicholas was fluent in three languages ​​- English, German and French. The political views of the future emperor were influenced by the traditionalist, the chief prosecutor of the Senate, K. Pobedonostsev. But in the future his policy will be controversial - from conservatism to liberal modernization. From the 13 years, Nikolai kept a diary and carefully filled it up to the very death, not having missed almost a single day in the records.

For more than a year (with interruptions) the prince was in military practice in the army. Later, he served to the rank of colonel. Nikolai remained in this military rank until the end of his life - after the death of his father, no one could assign him a general's rank. To supplement education, Alexander sent an heir to a world tour: Greece, Egypt, India, China, Japan and other countries. In Japan, he was assassinated, almost killed.

However, the education and training of the heir were still far from completion, there was no experience in management when Alexander III died. It was believed that the prince still had a lot of time under the “wing” of the king, since Alexander was in his prime and had good health. Therefore, the untimely death of the 49-year-old sovereign shook the whole country and his son, becoming for him a complete surprise. On the day of the death of his parent, Nikolai wrote in his diary: “October 20. Thursday. My God, my God, what a day. The Lord recalled to our beloved, dear, beloved Pope. My head is spinning, I don’t want to believe - a terrible reality seems so implausible ... Lord, help us on these difficult days! Poor dear Mom! ... I felt like I was killed ... " Thus, 20 in October 1894. Nikolai Alexandrovich actually became the new king of the Romanov dynasty. However, the coronation celebrations on the occasion of long mourning were postponed, they took place only a year and a half later, in the spring of 1896.

Preparation of celebrations and their beginning

The decision on his own coronation was taken by Nicholas 8 March 1895 of the year. The main celebrations decided to hold the tradition in Moscow from 6 to 26 in May 1896. Since the time of the accession of the Grand Duke Dmitry Ivanovich, the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin has remained a permanent place of this holy ritual, even after the transfer of the capital to St. Petersburg. Moscow Governor-General, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich, the minister of the imperial court, Count I. I. Vorontsov-Dashkov, were responsible for the celebrations. The Chief Marshal was Count K. I. Palen, the supreme master of ceremonies, Prince A. S. Dolgorukov. A coronation unit was formed as part of the 82 battalions, 36 squadrons, 9 hundreds and 26 batteries - under the command of Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, during which a special headquarters was formed headed by Lieutenant General N. I. Bobrikov.

These May weeks became the central event of not only Russian, but also European life. The most eminent guests arrived in the ancient capital of Russia: the entire European elite, from the titled nobility to official and other representatives of the countries. The number of representatives of the East grew, there were representatives from the Eastern Patriarchies. For the first time, representatives of the Vatican and the Anglican Church were present at the celebrations. In Paris, Berlin and Sophia, friendly greetings and toasts were heard in honor of Russia and its young emperor. In Berlin, they even organized a brilliant military parade, accompanied by the Russian anthem, and Emperor Wilhelm, who had the gift of a speaker, delivered a sensational speech.

Every day, trains brought thousands of people from all over the vast empire. Delegations came from Central Asia, from the Caucasus, the Far East, from Cossack troops, etc. There were a lot of representatives from the northern capital. A separate “detachment” consisted of journalists, reporters, photographers, even artists, as well as representatives of various “liberal professions” who gathered not only from all over Russia, but from the whole world. The upcoming celebrations required the efforts of many representatives of various professions: carpenters, excavators, painters, plasterers, electricians, engineers, janitors, firefighters and police, etc., worked tirelessly. Moscow restaurants, taverns and theaters these days were filled to capacity. Tverskoy Boulevard was so crowded that, according to eyewitnesses, “one had to wait hours to go from one side to the other. Hundreds of magnificent carriages, carriages, landau, and other chains dragged along the boulevards. ” The main street of Moscow was transformed - Tverskaya, prepared for the majestic procession of the imperial motorcade. She was decorated with all sorts of decorative structures. Along the way, masts, arches, obelisks, columns, pavilions were erected. Everywhere flags were hoisted, houses were decorated with beautiful fabrics and carpets, enveloped in garlands of greenery and flowers, in which hundreds and thousands of light bulbs were installed. On the Red Square, stands were built for guests.

The work on the Khodynsky field, where 18 (30) was celebrated in May, was marked by a public holiday with the distribution of royal souvenirs and food. The celebration was to follow the same scenario as the coronation of Alexander III in 1883. Then about 200 thousand people came to the holiday, fed them all and presented them with gifts. Khodynskoe field was large (about 1 square kilometer), but there was a ravine next to it, and on the field itself there were many ravines and pits, which hastily covered with boards and sprinkled with sand. Having previously served as a training ground for the troops of the Moscow garrison, the Khodynskoye field has not yet been used for folk festivals. Along its perimeter were temporary "theaters", variety shows, booths, and shops. They dug into the ground smooth poles for the dodgers, they hung up prizes: from beautiful boots to Tula samovars. Among the buildings were 20 wooden barracks filled with barrels of alcohol for the free distribution of vodka and beer and 150 stalls for the distribution of royal gifts. Gift bags for those times (and even now) were rich: commemorative faience cups with a portrait of the king, a bun, gingerbread, sausage, a bag of sweets, a bright calico with a portrait of the imperial couple. In addition, it was planned to scatter small coins with a commemorative inscription in a crowd.

Sovereign Nikolai with his wife and retinue left the capital even on May 5 and May 6 arrived at the Smolensk railway station in Moscow. According to the old tradition, for three days, before entering Moscow, the sovereign spent in the Petrovsky Palace in Petrovsky Park. 7 May in Petrovsky Palace was a solemn reception of the emir of Bukhara and Khiva Khan. 8 May, the widow Empress Maria Feodorovna arrived at Smolensky Railway Station, whom the royal couple met when there was a huge crowd of people. In the evening of the same day, a serenade was performed at the Petrovsky Palace, performed by 1200 people, among whom were the choirs of the Imperial Russian Opera, a student of the conservatory, members of the Russian choral society, etc.



Emperor Nicholas (on a white horse), accompanied by a retinue, marches in front of the stands from the Triumphal Gate on Tverskaya Street on the day of the ceremonial entry into Moscow

9 (21) May held a solemn royal entry to the Kremlin. From Petrovsky Park past the Triumphal Gate, the Passionate Monastery, along the whole of Tverskaya Street, the royal train was to follow the Kremlin. These few kilometers in the morning were filled with people. Petrovsky Park acquired the appearance of a huge camp, where groups of people who had come from all over Moscow from overnight came to sleep under each tree. By 12 hours all the lanes leading to Tverskaya, were tightened by ropes and dammed people. The troops were standing in rows along the street. It was a brilliant spectacle: the mass of the people, the troops, the beautiful crews, the generals, the foreign nobility and the envoys, all in full uniforms or suits, many beautiful ladies of high society in elegant clothes.

In 12 hours, nine gun volleys announced the start of the ceremony. Grand Prince Vladimir Alexandrovich and his retinue left the Kremlin to meet the tsar. At half-past two, the cannon and the bell-ringing of all Moscow churches were informed that the ceremonial entry had begun. And only about five o'clock the head platoon of horse gendarmes appeared, and behind them the convoy of His Majesty, etc. We drove in the gilded carriages of senators, followed by "various people", passed fast walkers, arapes, cavalier guardians, representatives of the peoples of Central Asia on beautiful riding horses. Again the horse guards and only then on the white Arabian horse the king. He drove slowly, bowed to the people, was agitated and pale. When the king proceeded through the Spassky Gate to the Kremlin, the people began to disperse. In 9 hours lit the illumination. For that time it was a fairy tale, the people enthusiastically walked among the city shining with millions of lights.

The tragedy on the Khodynka field

Illumination in the Kremlin on the occasion of the holiday

Day of the Sacred Wedding and Anointing of the Kingdom

14 (26) May was the day of the sacred coronation. From early morning all the central streets of Moscow were filled with people. Around 9 hour. 30 min. the march began, the horse-guards, courtiers, state dignitaries, representatives of townships, cities, zemstvos, nobility, merchants, professors of Moscow University descended. Finally, with the deafening cries of “Hurray” of the hundred-thousandth masses and the sounds of “God Save the Tsar” performed by the court orchestra, the king and queen appeared. They followed to the Assumption Cathedral of the Moscow Kremlin.

In an instant, there was silence. In the 10 clock began the sacred rite, the solemn rite of the wedding and anointing of the kingdom, which was performed by the first member of the Holy Synod of the Metropolitan of St. Petersburg Palladium with the participation of the Metropolitan of Kiev Ioanniky and the Metropolitan of Moscow Sergius. Also at the ceremony was attended by many Russian and Greek bishops. In a loud, clear voice, the Tsar pronounced the symbol of faith, after which he laid upon himself a large, and on the Tsarina, Alexandra Feodorovna, a small crown. Then the full imperial title was read, a salute boomed and congratulations began. The king, who had knelt and uttered a corresponding prayer, was anointed and communed.

The ceremony of Nicholas II in the main details repeated the established tradition, although each king could make some change. Thus, Alexander I and Nikolay I did not wear the “dalmatic” - the ancient clothing of the Byzantine basileus. And Nicholas II did not appear in the uniform of a colonel, but in a majestic ermine mantle. Nikolai appeared at the beginning of his reign and manifested itself in the renewal of the old Moscow customs. In particular, in St. Petersburg and abroad began to build churches in the Moscow style, after more than half a century of recess, the royal family pompously celebrated Easter holidays in Moscow, etc.

The sacred rite, in fact, was conducted by all the people. “Everything that happened in the Assumption Cathedral,” the chronicle reported, “exactly the rumors of the heart, spread throughout this vast crowd and, like a beating pulse, were reflected in its most remote ranks. Here the Sovereign on his knees prays, uttering the saints, the great, filled with such a deep meaning of the word established prayer. Everyone stands in the cathedral, one Sovereign on his knees. There is also a crowd in the squares, but how everything is quiet at once, what a reverent silence is all around, what a prayerful expression of faces! But the Emperor stood up. The metropolitan falls to his knees, behind him all the clergy, the whole church, and behind the church all the people covering the Kremlin squares and even standing behind the Kremlin. Now those wanderers with knapsacks down and all on their knees. Only one King stands before his throne, in all the greatness of his dignity, among a people praying fervently for him. ”

Finally, the people greeted with enthusiastic shouts of “Hurray!” The king, who went to the Kremlin Palace and bowed to all those present from the Red Porch. The holiday on this day ended with a traditional dinner in the Palace of Facets, the walls of which, under Alexander III, were painted anew and cleaned up the look that was under Moscow Russia. Unfortunately, in three days the celebrations that began so magnificently ended in tragedy.


Imperial couple at the foot of the Red Porch of the Faceted Chamber on the day of the coronation

Solemn procession to the Assumption Cathedral

The emperor emerges from the south gate of the Assumption Cathedral on the Cathedral Square after the completion of the coronation ceremony


The solemn procession of Nicholas (under a canopy) after the completion of the coronation ceremony

Khodyn catastrophe

The beginning of folk festivals was scheduled for 10 in the morning on May 18 (30). The program of the festival included: distribution to all comers of royal gifts prepared in the amount of 400 thousand; 11-12 watches were supposed to begin musical and theatrical performances (scenes from “Ruslan and Lyudmila”, “The Horse-Gorbunka”, “Ermak Timofeyevich” and circus programs of trained animals were to be shown on the stage); At 14 hours, a “highest exit” was expected on the imperial pavilion’s balcony.

Both the supposed gifts, and spectacles unprecedented for ordinary people, as well as the desire to see the “living king” with my own eyes and at least once in my life took part in such a wonderful action, made huge masses of people head for Khodinka. So, the workshop Vasily Krasnov expressed the common motive of people: “It was just silly to wait for the morning to go by ten o'clock when the distribution of gifts and mugs“ for memory ”was appointed. So many people that nothing will be left when I come tomorrow. And will I live to another coronation? ... It seemed shameful to remain without a “memory” of such a celebration for me, a native Muscovite: what kind of bags are I in the field? The circles, they say, are very beautiful and "eternal" ... ".

In addition, due to the carelessness of the authorities, the place for the festivities was chosen extremely poorly. Khodynsky field, dotted with deep moats, pits, trenches, entirely parapet and abandoned wells, was convenient for military exercises, and not for a holiday with thousands of crowds. And before the holiday did not take emergency measures to improve the field, limiting the cosmetic arrangement. The weather was excellent and the “prudent” Moscow people decided to spend the night on the Khodynka field in order to be the first to go on a holiday. The night was moonless, and people all arrived, and, not seeing the road, even then they began to fall into the pits and ravines. There was a terrible crush.

A well-known reporter, correspondent of the Russkiye Vedomosti newspaper, V. A. Gilyarovsky, who was the only journalist to spend the night on the field, recalled: “Above a million crowd, steam began to rise, looking like a swamp mist ... The crush was terrible. With many she did badly, some fainted without being able to get out or even fall: deprived of feelings, with eyes closed, compressed, as in a vice, they swayed along with the mass. A tall, fine-looking old man, who was standing next to me, had not breathed for a long time: he choked in silence, died without a sound, and his cold corpse shook with us. Next to me someone vomited. He could not even lower his head ... ".

By the morning at least half a million people had accumulated between the city border and the canteens. A thin chain of several hundred Cossacks and policemen sent “to maintain order,” felt that she could not cope with the situation. The rumor that the bartenders were handing out gifts to “their own” finally got the situation out of control. People rushed to the barracks. Someone died in a crush, others fell into the pits under collapsed decking, still others suffered fights for gifts, etc. According to official statistics, 2690 people were injured in this “unfortunate incident”, of whom 1389 died. The true number of people who suffered various injuries, bruises, injuries is not known. Already in the morning, all the fire brigades of Moscow were engaged in the liquidation of the horrible incident, the wagon train behind the wagon train transporting the dead and wounded. The sight of the victims was terrified by the policemen, firefighters and doctors who had come across.

A difficult question arose before Nicholas: to stop celebrations according to the set scenario or stop the fun and turn a sad, commemorative celebration into a celebration on the occasion of the tragedy. “The crowd that spent the night on the Khodynka field was waiting for the start of the distribution of lunch and mugs,” Nikolai noted in his diary, “I pushed to the buildings, and then there was a crush, and, terribly, about a thousand and three hundred were trampled. I found out about it at ten and a half hours ... The disgusting impression left by this news. " However, the “disgusting impression” did not make Nikolay stop the holiday, which was attended by many guests from all over the world, and large sums were spent.

Pretended nothing special happened. The bodies cleaned up, everything was disguised and smoothed out. The holiday over the corpses, according to Gilyarovsky, went on as usual. A lot of musicians performed a concert conducted by famous conductor Safonov. In 14 hour. 5 min. the imperial couple appeared on the balcony of the royal pavilion. On the roof of a specially constructed building, an imperial standard soared, a salute burst out. In front of the balcony were foot and equestrian troops. Then, in the Petrovsky Palace, before which deputations from peasants and Warsaw nobles were adopted, a dinner was held for the Moscow nobility and volost elders. Nikolai spoke high words about the welfare of the people. In the evening, the emperor and the empress went to a pre-planned ball at the French ambassador, Count Montebello, who with his wife enjoyed a great location near the high society. Many expected that dinner would take place without the imperial couple, and Nikolay was advised not to come here. However, Nicholas did not agree, saying that, although the catastrophe is the greatest misfortune, it should not darken the holiday. At the same time, part of the guests, who did not get into the embassy, ​​admired the grand performance at the Bolshoi Theater.

A day later, an equally magnificent and grand ball was held, which was given by the uncle of the young tsar, Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich and his wife, the elder sister of the Empress Elizaveta Fyodorovna. The continuous holidays in Moscow ended on May 26 with the publication of the Highest Manifesto of Nicholas II, which contained assurances that the king was inseparable from the people and his readiness to serve for the good of the beloved Fatherland.

Nevertheless, in Russia and abroad, despite the beauty and luxury of the celebrations, some unpleasant aftertaste remained. Neither the king nor his relatives observed even the appearance of decency. For example, the Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, the tsar's uncle, arranged on the day of the funeral of the Khodynka victims at the Vagankovo ​​cemetery in his shooting gallery near him, “shooting pigeons” for the distinguished guests. On this occasion, Pierre Alheim noted: “... at the time when all the people wept, a motley motorcade of old Europe passed by. Europe is perfumed, decaying, obsolete Europe ... and soon shots crack. "

The imperial family made donations in favor of the victims in the amount of 90 thousand rubles (despite the fact that they spent about 100 million rubles on the coronation), port wines and wine were sent to hospitals for the wounded (apparently from remnants of feasts), the sovereign visited hospitals and attended memorial service, but the autocracy's reputation was undermined. Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich was nicknamed "Prince Khodynsky" (he died from a revolutionary bomb in 1905 year), and Nikolai - "Bloody" (he and his family were executed in 1918 year).

The Khodyn catastrophe has acquired a symbolic meaning, it has become a kind of warning for Nikolai. From that moment on, a chain of catastrophes began that had the Khodynka bloody tinge, which eventually led to the geopolitical catastrophe of 1917, when the empire collapsed, the autocracy and the Russian civilization were on the verge of death. Nicholas II could not begin the process of modernization of the empire, its fundamental reform "from above". The coronation showed a deep division of society into a pro-Western “elite”, for which the affairs and relations with Europe were closer than the people's sufferings and problems, and the common people. Taking into account the remaining contradictions and problems, this led to the 1917 disaster, when the degraded elite died or fled (an insignificant part of the military, managerial and scientific and technical personnel took part in the creation of the Soviet project), and the people under the leadership of the Bolsheviks created saved civilization and Russian superethnos from occupation and death.

During the Khodynsk catastrophe, the inability of Nikolai Aleksandrovich, who in general was not a stupid person, was clearly manifested in a sensitive and sensitive reaction to the changing situation and to correct his own actions and the actions of the authorities in the right direction. All this eventually led the empire to disaster, as it was impossible to live as before. The 1896 coronation celebrations that began for health and ended in repose symbolically stretched out for Russia for two decades. Nikolai ascended the throne to a young and full of energy man, in a relatively quiet time, met with the hopes and sympathies of broad sections of the population. And he ended the reign with a virtually destroyed empire, an army bleeding and with a people turned away from the king.


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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 30 May 2016 06: 11
    +7
    Terribly began the accession of Nicholas to the throne.
    There was no mourning for the dead? The article does not say. It is not accepted that it was for ordinary people?

    An amazing phrase about the king’s home education.
    1. strannik595
      strannik595 30 May 2016 09: 08
      +2
      when the degraded elite died or fled, and the people created a new project under the leadership of the Bolshevikswho saved civilization and the Russian superethnos from occupation and death.

      JUSTICE FOR:
      the crowd is the crowd .... What was at the funeral of the creator and the Brilliant Leader of the NEW PROJECT?
      Biologist I.B. Zbarsky, who for many years dealt with embalming the body of Lenin, wrote in his memoirs Under the Mausoleum that on the day of farewell to Stalin a crowd sucked him and his wife and squeezed him out onto Trubnaya Square. He managed to get out with his wife alive. He wrote that not only people were killed in this stampede, but also horses on which police officers were sitting.

      Of course, we do not have accurate information today about how many people died in a crazy crowd. About this at that time it was forbidden to even talk. And only after a few years, already in the years of the exposure of the personality cult, did the evidence of participants in those events begin to appear. But no one seriously studied this issue.

      Here is what the famous poet Yevgeny Yevtushenko, who later shot the film “The Death of Stalin”, told about this: “I wore all these years in my memory that I was there, inside this crowd, this monstrous crush. This crowd is gigantic, many-sided ... As a result, she had one common face - the face of a monster. This can be seen even now - when thousands of people gathered together, perhaps cute each separately, become a monster, uncontrollable, cruel, when people have twisted faces ... I remember this, and it was an apocalyptic sight ...
      1. qwert
        qwert 30 May 2016 09: 58
        +17
        Quote: strannik595
        And only after a few years, already in the years of the exposure of the personality cult, did the evidence of participants in those events begin to appear. But no one seriously studied this issue.

        This is where the dog fumbled. Yes, and Yevtushegnko, if you remember, was always distinguished by Disedent's views. Such was the "Russian intelligentsia" who was offended and dissatisfied with everything. One could also remember Solzhenitsyn. on this occasion. He, too, has memories of tens of hundreds of thousands of millions of people crushed by the crowd at Stalin's funeral.
        And by the way, it is worth noting comparing these two events. Since they decided to compare them. At Stalin's funeral, gifts were not handed out. People went to say goodbye to the Leader. So, do not interfere with one another
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 30 May 2016 10: 04
          +6
          The instincts of the crowd are the same - at celebrations, at funerals. You don’t have to go far - just visit another football match.
        2. strannik595
          strannik595 30 May 2016 10: 44
          +1
          . At Stalin's funeral, gifts were not handed out. People went to say goodbye to the Leader. So, do not interfere with one another
          ........
          The Tsar’s mood deteriorated all morning, right up to lunch, but this is not a reason to declare mourning
          .......... that there, that here, the crowd came to see the Tsar (I saw Lenin !!! belay ), the mass of the people as children and appropriate behavior ........ Stalin, too, did not suffer from gastritis regarding the victims of the people, judging by the all-night party libations
          PS: ......
          "Russian intelligentsia" always offended and discontented
          biologist I.B. Zbarsky you also recorded in the dissidents? There even horses died in the crowd, if you carefully read
          1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 30 May 2016 22: 18
        +4
        But in general it is strange that there have been so many years of publicity and democracy, and the number of deaths at the funeral of Stalin has not yet been made public. Was it really not as much as the Khrushchevites wanted?
      3. Petr petrov
        Petr petrov 31 May 2016 06: 56
        +4
        It would seem, where does Stalin ...... ?????
        But no, it is necessary to kick Stalin here too ........ am
    2. Hon
      Hon 30 May 2016 09: 31
      +13
      Quote: Reptiloid
      Terribly began the accession of Nicholas to the throne.
      There was no mourning for the dead? The article does not say. It is not accepted that it was for ordinary people?

      An amazing phrase about the king’s home education.

      The Tsar’s mood deteriorated all morning, right up to lunch, but this is not a reason to declare mourning

      Entry in the diary of Nicholas II: “So far, everything has gone, thank God, like clockwork, and today a great sin happened. The crowd, spending the night on the Khodynsky field, waiting for the start of the distribution of lunch and a mug *, pushed to the buildings and there was a terrible crush, and, terribly add, about 1300 people were trampled !! I found out about this at 10 1/2 hours before the report by Vannovsky; disgusting impression left of this news. At 12 1/2 they had breakfast and then Alix and I went to Khodynka to attend this sad “public holiday”. Actually there was nothing there; they looked from the pavilion at the huge crowd surrounding the stage, on which music all the time played the anthem and “Glory”. We moved to Petrovsky, where they took several deputations at the gate and then entered the courtyard. Here, dinner was served under four tents for all volost foremen. I had to give them a speech, and then the assembled leaders of the courtyard. Going around the tables, we left for the Kremlin. We had lunch with Mom at 8 o’clock. We went to the ball to Montebello **. It was very nicely arranged, but the heat was unbearable. After dinner we left at 2 o’clock. ”
      1. Simpsonian
        Simpsonian 30 May 2016 11: 47
        +2
        Quote: Hon
        "... right up until lunchtime"

        Well, where is it written there? It is written - "spoiled".
        1. Hon
          Hon 30 May 2016 12: 24
          -1
          Quote: Simpsonian
          disgusting impression left of this news.
        2. Hon
          Hon 30 May 2016 12: 30
          +5
          But having lunch with my mother, the mood apparently improved, the king drove off to the ball to the French ambassador. You see, the Count of Montebello ordered for the ball to bring one hundred thousand roses from France. If the ball was moved, the roses would have wilted. Although the impression of the ball was spoiled by the heat
          1. MrK
            MrK 30 May 2016 14: 40
            +9
            From the same book.
            A logical question arises: why on earth is a Japanese policeman (therefore, a man not random, but selected for serious service with truly Japanese care) suddenly for no reason tried to slap a noble foreign guest with a saber on the head?
            Between Russia and Japan in those days there was not even the slightest friction. The Japanese are a hospitable and balanced people ... Was he crazy, or what? Sun baked his head or delirium trepidation? So - nothing like that. Want to know what happened there?
            Yes, it’s just that Tsarevich Nikolai and his companion, Prince George of Greece, who succumbed fairly, wandered into the Shinto temple and there, giggling idioticly, began to beat with canes on the temple bells sacred for Shinto.
            Talks started, people were indignant, so the policeman could not stand it ...
            And this is not a "sin of youth." This is the whole of Nikolai, who, by reason and inclinations, sinfully fit in half for the role of colonel or head of department, but was completely incapable of managing Russia more or less intelligently.
          2. Simpsonian
            Simpsonian 31 May 2016 09: 27
            -2
            gle it is written what has improved? ... the rest is your fabrication
          3. The comment was deleted.
      2. MrK
        MrK 30 May 2016 14: 33
        +4
        Quote: Hon
        The Tsar’s mood deteriorated all morning, right up to lunch, but this is not a reason to declare mourning

        Thank you.
        From the book of Alexander Kurlandchik on Proza.ru.
        Word to the witness, Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich: “My brothers could not restrain their indignation, and we all unanimously demanded the immediate resignation of Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich (Moscow Governor) and the end of the coronation celebrations.
        “Remember, Nicky,” he began, looking directly into Nicholas II’s eyes, “the blood of these five thousand men, women and children will remain an indelible spot on your reign.” You cannot resurrect the dead, but you can take care of their families.

        Do not give your enemies a reason to say that the young king is dancing when his dead loyal subjects are taken to the dead.
        But ... in the evening, Emperor Nicholas II was present at the big ball. The radiant smile on the face of Grand Duke Sergei made the foreigners speculate that the Romanovs lost their minds ... ”

        So Nicholas began his reign. And he finished ... According to the words of one of the prominent and convinced monarchists, "he abdicated the throne as if he had surrendered."
      3. Aleksander
        Aleksander 30 May 2016 18: 18
        +1
        Quote: Hon
        The Tsar’s mood deteriorated all morning, right up to lunch, but this is not a reason to declare mourning

        AND WHO THEN declared mourning for such events? This is the 19 century, not the 21 century. And not everything could be canceled: the Emperor became a hostage to the diplomatic protocol, given many invited to celebrations and arrived foreign ambassadors.
        After May 18, all celebrations were canceled or shortened. For each family of the deceased, 1000 rubles were allocated, orphans were assigned to shelters, the funeral was held at the expense of the treasury. A monument to the victims of the Khodynka tragedy was erected at the Vagankovskoye cemetery, with the date of the tragedy marked on it: "May 18, 1896".

        The emperor, along with Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, visited the wounded in Moscow hospitals and attended the memorial service for the dead.

        Any other emperor of that time IMPOSSIBLE to imagine committing such acts is unrealistic by definition.

        It was not his fault and he did what he could ....

        At Stalin's funeral, there were also hundreds of dead. And who took care of them and provided assistance, attended the funeral of the deceased, erected a monument, visited the hospital from the commissary? Yes NO ONE!.
        1. Stas57
          Stas57 30 May 2016 18: 56
          +4
          Quote: Aleksander
          At Stalin's funeral, there were also hundreds of dead.

          in the sense of "the same"? there are more than 1300 corpses and 1300 injured on the walker.
          For 9 March, slightly less than a hundred.
          the scales are different
          tragedies of the second type are not uncommon-
          Luzhniki 82, Glasgow 71, Sokolniki 75, Minsk metro 99.
          tragedies of such proportions as Khodynka are still isolated
          1. Aleksander
            Aleksander 30 May 2016 19: 38
            0
            Quote: Stas57
            in the sense of "the same"? there are more than 1300 corpses and 1300 crippled ones on the walker

            Yes, everyone was counted, everyone was adequately buried and given medical assistance, they did NOT HIDE anything.
            Data on the number of deaths at the funeral of Stalin-remained a secret and not even a word was spoken officially! There is evidence that only the dead over 2 thousand people.
            1. Stas57
              Stas57 30 May 2016 21: 13
              +1
              Quote: Aleksander

              Yes, everyone was counted, everyone was adequately buried and given medical assistance, they did NOT HIDE anything.
              Data on the number of deaths at the funeral of Stalin-remained a secret and not even a word was spoken officially! There is evidence that only the dead over 2 thousand people.

              2 THOUSAND? few
              in Stalin's time, everything is decided to measure billions of millions ...
              however, what does Stalin have to do with Khodynka, did he forbid mourning for the victims of the coronation?
              or did he regret the roses at the ball?
              1. Aleksander
                Aleksander 30 May 2016 22: 24
                -3
                Quote: Stas57
                2 THOUSAND? Malov, the Stalinist era decided to measure everything in billions of millions ... however, what does Stalin have to do with Khodynka, did he forbid mourning for the victims of the coronation? Or did he regret the roses at the ball?


                There are no other numbers; this is a Soviet secret. And the fact that this is a secret is vile.
                The attitude is direct: In the Republic of Ingushetia, the victims were buried, the wounded were helped, all at public expense, in the USSR, as if they were not these 2 thousand crushed people in the world ...
                1. Stas57
                  Stas57 31 May 2016 00: 15
                  +1
                  Quote: Aleksander
                  There are no other numbers; this is a Soviet secret. And the fact that this is a secret is vile.

                  I suspect this is no longer a secret, just do not care for everyone, or are there not millions of victims?
  2. fvandaku
    fvandaku 30 May 2016 06: 45
    +7
    It all started earlier. with the strange death of Alexander 3. And away we go.
  3. bober1982
    bober1982 30 May 2016 07: 09
    +4
    Khodynka was primarily a reflection of the stupidity, darkness and atrocities of the crowd, which could not cope with itself, having gathered for the first time in such a multitude.
    This is the assessment of Vasily Krasnov, the author of "Notes not trampled to death"
    Better not to say.
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 30 May 2016 07: 28
      +10
      What’s dullness here? If the moonless night, yes pits, yes ditches?
      This is not stupidity --- it is reverence for the king-anointed of God. People came to see him before night. And how to get to this time of day? Just on foot? They probably walked from afar. They gathered to sleep on the ground. Who would do it now in order to see the president?
      When someone is hurt by the crowd, he thinks the crowd is to blame.
      And all the holidays always had stewards and rehearsals.
    2. baudolino
      baudolino 30 May 2016 08: 53
      +10
      These "walkers" are repeated regularly around the world. And to anticipate and prevent all the consequences of the stupidity of the crowd, you need to be an experienced specialist with the appropriate means. Neither is usually enough.
      But the reaction mechanism to the tragedy is an exam on the maturity of power.
      1. reservist
        reservist 30 May 2016 14: 27
        +5
        Quote: baudolino
        These "walkers" are repeated regularly around the world.

        filmed on April 5, 1989 during the semifinal match of the FA Cup
    3. qwert
      qwert 30 May 2016 10: 03
      +3
      Quote: bober1982
      Khodynka was primarily a reflection stupidity, darkness and atrocities of the crowd, which did not cope with itself, for the first time gathered in such a multitude.

      Here it is related to the Russian people since the time of Nicholas II. Well, well ... If we take the words of Vasily Krasnov for faith, then the greater will be the merit of Stalin, who from this crowd could create the Great People who glorified themselves with fantastic achievements, high spirituality and morality.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 30 May 2016 10: 18
        -3
        About the fact that Stalin glorified himself with fantastic achievements - I completely agree with you (in a short time he created the army, industry, the great Victory in the Great Patriotic War) As for high spirituality and morality - this was not, and could not be. What subsequent events demonstrated (collapse of the Union, general chaos, including in matters of morality) Yes, this morality could not have existed in the Soviet man, it was not from the works of Marx and Lenin to draw it.
    4. Stas57
      Stas57 30 May 2016 10: 42
      +4
      Quote: bober1982
      the mate was primarily abouta reflection of the dullness, darkness, and brutality of a mob that has not coped with itself,first gathered in such a multitude.
      This is the assessment of Vasily Krasnov, the author of "Notes not trampled to death"
      Better not to say.

      this is some kind of nonsense or a torn out context.
      A crowd of clever nuclear physicists and bright songwriter poets will be repaired by the same instincts.
      You need to work with the crowd, separate it into sectors, divide it into squares, have plans, organization, etc.
      Now every district police officer knows about it, then, in general, there was no experience of thousands of marches, football matches and rock concerts. And so that the crowd regulates itself ...
      This tragedy, which the tsar could not influence in any way, but they do not blame him for this, and they do not blame him for mourning, they did not often announce them, they blame him for the ball, for detachment, and for not being able to work as a statesman.

      the author clearly said and I agree-

      During the Khodynka catastrophe, the inability of Nikolai Aleksandrovich, a generally intelligent person, to subtly and sensitively react to a changing situation and correct his own actions and actions of the authorities in the right direction was clearly manifested. All this ultimately led the empire to disaster, since it was no longer possible to live in the old way

      A good family man, not a stupid person, but unfortunately as a king .... well, we know how it ended.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 30 May 2016 11: 09
        +2
        At the time of the coronation, the country was rotten: the people, the aristocracy, the army, the gendarmerie, the intelligentsia, the czar’s relatives. And no one, and no one’s reaction to the changing situation could save. Khodynka is a kind of collapse of the entire 300-year imperial period of Russia.
      2. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 30 May 2016 12: 00
        +2
        Quote: Stas57
        Now every district police officer knows about it, then, in general, there was no experience of thousands of marches, football matches and rock concerts. And so that the crowd regulates itself ...

        Hmm ...
        The holiday was supposed to follow the same scenario as the coronation of Alexander III in 1883. Then about 200 thousand people came to the holiday, they all were fed and presented with gifts.

        In addition, the matter was not only in the crowd. The place itself was chosen and arranged extremely unsuccessfully.
        The unsuccessful arrangement of buffets for the distribution of mugs and refreshments, of course, increased the number of victims. They are built like this: steps a hundred from the highway, towards the Vagankovskoye cemetery, their chain stretches, at times torn by more or less long intervals. Dozens of buffets are connected by one roof, having a one and a half-arched narrowing passage in the middle, since it was supposed to let people on a walk from Moscow through these passageways, handing each of the walking knots with refreshments. Parallel to the buffets, from Moscow, that is, where people were expected from, the first ditch stretches from the highway, with steep edges and an arshin shaft, the ditch, turning up against the first buffets into a wide one, is planted up to 30, the ditch is a former quarry where sand was taken and clay. The moat, in places about two fathoms in places, has steep, steep banks and is riddled with a mass of sometimes very deep holes. It stretches for more than half a mile, just along the sideboards, and in front of the sideboards it has a platform with a width of 20 to 30 steps. Apparently, it was supposed to establish a people on it for delivering knots to him and for admission into the field. However, it didn’t turn out that way: the people gained mass, and its thousandth part did not fit on the site.

        Few managed to occupy a narrow, smooth strip near the pantry tents themselves, while the rest overflowed a huge 30-farther moat, which seemed to be a living, swaying sea, as well as the bank of a moat and a high ramp closest to Moscow. By three o'clock everyone was standing in the places they occupied, more and more constrained by the flowing masses of the people. By five o’clock the gathering of the people had reached an extreme degree, - I believe that at least several hundred thousand people. The mass was held down. It was impossible to move a hand, it was impossible to move. Pressed in a ditch to both high shores were not able to move. The moat was crowded, and the heads of the people, merged into a continuous mass, did not represent a flat surface, but deepened and rose, according to the bottom of the moat dotted with holes. The crush was scary.

        At the first tents they shouted “they were distributing”, and a huge crowd surged to the left, to those buffets where they were handed out. Terrible, heart-rending groans and screams drew in the air ... Crowding behind the crowd threw thousands of people into the moat, those who stood in the pits were trampled ... Several dozens of Cossacks and sentries guarding the cupboards were crushed and stamped into the field, and those who made their way earlier into the field from the opposite side we climbed behind the knots, not letting people in from outside, and the pushing crowd pressed people to the cupboards and crushed.
        © Gilyarovsky
        1. Stas57
          Stas57 30 May 2016 12: 40
          0
          One way or another, no one organized the crowd at the scientific level. Managing the crowd. Predictions.
          No one was engaged, this applies to the place.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 30 May 2016 12: 54
            +2
            When Ukraine shouts Glory to Ukraine, and the crowd in response - in ecstasy, shouts to the Heroes of Glory, this is the organization of the crowd at a scientific level. And you say no one is engaged.
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. reservist
          reservist 30 May 2016 14: 22
          +5
          Vagankovskoye cemetery, mass grave of those killed in a crush on the Khodynsky field.
      3. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 30 May 2016 17: 51
        0
        It is likely that after the death of Stalin they began to effectively divide the crowd. I know that already in 1957, grandfather instructed and controlled cadets on this subject, and they lived with their grandmother in Leningrad at the time of Stalin's death. Fidel arrived with Khrushchev in an open car. They met them with small children in their arms!
        Gagarin was also met in Leningrad!
        and about the victims it was not said.
  4. V.ic
    V.ic 30 May 2016 07: 17
    +2
    Emperor Nicholas (on a white horse), accompanied by a retinue walking in front of the stands from the Triumphal Gate on Tverskaya Street on the day of the ceremonial entrance to Moscow (photo caption)

    Mighty Russian language! It turns out you can walk through the horse ...
  5. user3970
    user3970 30 May 2016 07: 17
    -3
    With the death of Ivan the Terrible, the Rurik branch was interrupted on the throne. With the death of Peter 1, who left no heirs, the branch of the Romanovs was interrupted. All subsequent Romanovs on the throne are impostors. And if you recall the Time of Troubles and how the Romanovs "ascended" to the throne ... which English merchants "helped" them to occupy by paying the militia of Minin and Pozharsky in exchange for duty-free import of British goods to Russia.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 30 May 2016 08: 03
      0
      Calling all the Romanovs (after Peter I), impostors is of course an excess, reigned legally.
      Another thing is that Peter I, by his Decree of 1722, essentially resolved the dispute in the struggle for power to use the guard, and the principle of succession to seniority was interrupted for Russia.
  6. Hubun
    Hubun 30 May 2016 08: 14
    +2
    The people never forgave him "Khodynka"
    1. 1rl141
      1rl141 30 May 2016 11: 01
      +4
      Quote: Hubun
      The people never forgave him "Khodynka"

      And on January 9th.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 30 May 2016 17: 56
        0
        I didn’t try to find a very informative article on this topic on 2015 on this topic in 2014 or XNUMX --- it doesn’t work out. Something about the name of Gapon.
  7. 0895055116
    0895055116 30 May 2016 08: 28
    -5
    Generally speaking, after the death of Alexander III, it was not NIKOLAI (the future BLOODY) who should have entered the Throne, but his ELDER brother, Tsarevich George, as they say - a brilliant naval officer, who died, according to the OFFICIAL version, from "fleeting consumption" ??? And, according to UNOFFICIAL data, the deceased after he was BEATED by "brother" Nikolasha, the cause of the fight is not known. As you know - WHERE YOU BEGIN, THERE WILL FINISH!
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 30 May 2016 08: 35
      +3
      George Alexandrovich was the younger brother of Nicholas, and no one beat him that you are foolish.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 30 May 2016 08: 51
      0
      They did not cook Nicholas as kings, therefore there was home education!
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 30 May 2016 09: 01
        +5
        What was this home education of Nicholas II given to you? All Russian tsars had a "home education"
        1. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 30 May 2016 09: 41
          +1
          I specifically look at this topic, so as not to be unfounded. For times have changed. In the XNUMXth century, many important events took place around the world and in Russia. It seems to me that at the turn of the century there was not enough home education.
          And Nicholas II the second time God warned, again at the cost of human sacrifice.
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 30 May 2016 09: 44
            0
            There is nothing to watch, believe me, about the fact that in the XNUMXth century many important events took place around the world - who will argue.
        2. Galleon
          Galleon 30 May 2016 13: 09
          +4
          Nicholas The first exception - he was a military engineer.
        3. Monarchist
          Monarchist 30 May 2016 17: 05
          +1
          His Majesty Alexander 3, also had a home education and his father: Their Majesty Alexander 2 also had a home education, but were respected by the people, and as Alexander 3 used to say "Europe will wait until the Russian Tsar catches fish!" what did the people call him "Borka-drunk? What did he turn Russia into! Mikhal Sergeevich also graduated from the university and what a fluff he was, but he ruined the State! It's not about education. Food, that Nikolai adored his Alex. To please her, he continued festivities.Nicky the honest henpecked
          1. gladcu2
            gladcu2 31 May 2016 15: 42
            +2
            Monarchist

            Good to have you here. And the article is just about the monarchy.

            I will now make you a few lines a communist saying only positive things about the monarchy. What I tell you will not go against your ideas. Just follow the logic.


            Come on.


            Religion is spiritual authority manifesting itself through moral control. Will there be no objections? Do not kill all these, etc. need to control?

            Monarch, this secular power is realized through the imposition of morality of one person on his subordinates. Will there be objections? I hope I do not have to prove the obvious.

            Why hodinka?

            Because the church gives its blessing, the right to the monarch to transmit his morality, to spread it among the people.

            Monarch, the king lost control of the transfer of his morality. Capitalism, the economic system has distorted this morality and, as a result, the fall of power. In other words, the current monarch could not organize a system that conveyed his point of view on subordinates.

            Attention, Monarchist. The key.

            Lenin, first of all, as a person with knowledge of the structure of society. Like a philosopher. This knowledge is already thousands of years old. From time to time they come and rebuild the state.
            Lenin takes control of the country. He creates a communist ideology. Ideology is a forced moral change. Communist ideology is a change in morality, a rejection of the personal in favor of the state. Notice there is not a word about capitalism. Result,. Lenin and Stalin restored the country. They had to destroy the church. To maintain maximum power. When the country recovered. Stalin returned the rights of the church.

            Do you understand, Monarchist?


            I hope I planted an intrigue into your consciousness.
      2. 1rl141
        1rl141 30 May 2016 10: 50
        -2
        Quote: Reptiloid
        They did not cook Nicholas as kings, therefore there was home education!

        Brother Nicholas, who was crippled during a sea cruise, was being prepared for tsars. And it is assumed that Nikolai was involved in his death. In a quarrel, it seems, he pushed his brother and he fell into the hold. From a great height. It was not for nothing that Nikolai had the nickname "bloody".
        Retribution overtook in the house of Ipatiev.
        1. reservist
          reservist 30 May 2016 11: 39
          0
          Quote: 1rl141
          Brother Nicholas, who died during a sea cruise, was being prepared for tsars. And it is assumed that Nikolai was involved in his death. In a quarrel, it seems, he pushed his brother and he fell into the hold. From a great height. It was not for nothing that Nikolai had the nickname "bloody".

          Which of the brothers are we talking about?
          Alexander died as a baby, Mikhail in 1918, only George remains ... and who then lived in Abastumani?
          photo of 1899 ...
          1. 1rl141
            1rl141 30 May 2016 11: 57
            0
            Quote: reservist
            Which of the brothers are we talking about?


            It was George who prepared it. I read to Kasvinov, he claims that George was given the best education and training, and Alexander 3, wanted to see George as the king in moral and business qualities.
            1. reservist
              reservist 30 May 2016 12: 29
              +3
              but only now tuberculosis ordered the fate of the heir to the throne in a completely different way ...
              1. 1rl141
                1rl141 30 May 2016 13: 00
                +1
                Quote: reservist
                but only now tuberculosis ordered the fate of the heir to the throne in a completely different way ...


                Tuberculosis - this was the official version. According to the same Kasvinov, another version is that George died from injuries sustained as a result of the fall. Why did the cruiser on which they traveled quickly turned around and went to the Russian shores of the Black Sea. And then George died in Abastumani.
                1. reservist
                  reservist 30 May 2016 14: 04
                  +4
                  the cruiser "Memory of Azov" with Nikolai reached Japan in 1891
                  Alexander III died in 1894, Nicholas became emperor, George - heir, because at that time Nikolai had no children
                  George dies in 1899

                  if between the brothers there was a fight during a trip to Japan (which began in 1890), then from that moment George lived for almost 9 years ...
        2. Monarchist
          Monarchist 30 May 2016 17: 10
          +1
          .. it seems that he pushed his brother and he fell into the hold "You saw it yourself or" heard from one woman "
          1. 1rl141
            1rl141 30 May 2016 22: 49
            +2
            Quote: Monarchist
            .. it seems that he pushed his brother and he fell into the hold "You saw it yourself or" heard from one woman "


            "A weak winter monsoon was blowing, there was almost no rolling, pots of flowers were not even tied on the tables of the mess. The ships worked as machines with oblique sails. Both Georgias (Russian and Greek) lived in aft cabins on common officer's rights. The heir is a different matter. ”Nikolai occupied the admiral's salon on the frigate, where he invited three officers to the table, according to the sequence, every day, including - according to the schedule! - his brother also went to have dinner ... Drunk, they played demonic games on the deck. There was a Greek prince, who had nowhere to do with his strength and rudeness. ”But once over the masts of a frigate sailing in the ocean, the shadow of the ballerina Kshesinskaya suddenly curled on soft pointe shoes - the vindictive Niki did not forgive his brother for his success with Malechka! George stood at this time with his back to the open Nikolay shoved Georges away from himself with terrible anger - and he flew right into the hold. From the depths of the ship was heard a juicy slap of the body, which sounded so distinctly as if on an iron counter. they whipped a piece of raw meat ... Consumption, recently healed, after falling into the hold gave a bright flash. In Bombay, a council of doctors was convened - Russian and colonial, who together decided that the humid air of the tropics would only accelerate the development of tuberculosis. Alexander III ordered by telegraph from Gatchina: "GEORGE TO RETURN IMMEDIATELY." The New Year was celebrated without a Christmas tree - instead of it they built something barbaric from bamboo sticks. The brave cruiser Admiral Kornilov flew into the Bombay raid, returning from Vladivostok to the Baltic, to take Grand Duke George back to his homeland. Nikolai politely interrupted the crocodile hunt - for the sake of saying goodbye to his brother, whom he himself had killed!

            “It's over with me,” said Georges, coughing up blood ...

            Nikolay continued his fascinating journey. He even got frankly. A gray "troika" with a vest, a bowler hat on his head, and a cane in his hand. At the same time, he reminded of a storage clerk from Syzran or Tambov - so he went out in the evening to Dvoryanskaya, driving the merchant daughters into awe ... When riding, the trouser legs were pulled up high, exposing soft lilac underpants. This is too much for the Indian climate! But the British, natural gentlemen, did not notice the Tsarevich's pants ... "
          2. 1rl141
            1rl141 30 May 2016 22: 53
            +3
            And here is another one from the grandmother ...

            “Nicholas will not be on the throne, but Michael. The mother's sympathies were also focused on the youngest son, in this connection, Alexander III constantly grumbled at his wife that she had ruined the Romanov breed, many thought that Nicholas II was frivolous and insensitive. This situation is not could not affect the psychological education of young Nicholas, perhaps even then there was a breakdown in the personality of the future emperor.

            In the family of Alexander III, in addition to Nicholas and Mikhail, there was also the eldest son - George, who died in 1899. For many years George suffered from tuberculosis, and after 19 years, Nicholas II, sitting on logs, in the house of the merchant Ipatiev, in Yekaterinburg, the Lord says, he punished me for George, it’s my fault in the death of my brother. If I had not pushed him in a fit of anger, God would not have been angry with me - and there would have been no revolution in Russia.

            Thus, perhaps, Nicholas II did not give a full account of the events and wanted to get away from reality. In the fall, 1890, Nicholas II, with his brothers, was sent by his father on a trip. During a trip between George and Nikolai, a quarrel occurred, as a result of which George fell into the hold of the ship.

            This led to an exacerbation of recently healed consumption. George was sent to the high-mountainous Abastuman for treatment. He died terribly - he was found dead in a dirty flowing ditch, which gave rise to another mystery of the house of the Romanovs. "


            That's what we touch in small conversations, like ours here, there will definitely be a certain Iplan who will definitely say "Have you seen it yourself?"
  8. user3970
    user3970 30 May 2016 10: 24
    0
    Nicholas 2 called himself the anointed of God. Having signed the renunciation, he thereby renounced the ministry that God had made him play the role. And there is no 100% evidence that the family of Colonel Romanov was shot according to the official version. No wonder the ROC rests on canonization with all its limbs. Both the KGB archives and the Vatican have documentary evidence of this.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 30 May 2016 10: 31
      +1
      According to an unofficial version, the Tsar’s Family was ritually stabbed, the execution was only an imitation to hide the ritual nature of the murder.
      1. vanavatny
        vanavatny 30 May 2016 11: 07
        +7
        need to do something with ren tv ... stop
      2. kirgudu
        kirgudu 30 May 2016 11: 22
        +2
        I already saw you somewhere.
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 30 May 2016 11: 24
          0
          Me? or mister "vanyavatny"?
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 30 May 2016 18: 07
      0
      And in the same year, the Austro-Hungarian monarchy collapsed. There was also an article about the behavior of the last emperor, as it was written, he struggled with all his might and had positive words about him. Similar fates. I can’t find the article. At least sit down and flip through it.
  9. kagorta
    kagorta 30 May 2016 11: 10
    +8
    The weakling was the king. After this tragedy, banquets were not canceled and blood balls could not be arranged.
    Lunch menu of May 19 for example:
    Turtle
    Salt fish
    Beef fillet with roots
    Cold from hazel grouse and goose liver
    Roast - turkey and young chickens
    Cauliflower and Pods
    Hot pineapple with fruit
    Ice cream
    Dessert
    And the people went to die due to criminal negligence because of this:
    "Royal hotel":
    commemorative coronation enameled mug with the monograms of Their Majesties, height 102 mm; pound (400 g.) saute from grained flour, made by the “Supplier of the court of His Imperial Majesty” baker D. I. Filippov; half a pound of sausage; Vyazemsky gingerbread with the emblem of 1/3 pound; a bag with 3/4 pounds of sweets (300 g. approximately) (6 caramel spools, 12 walnut spools, 12 plain nut spools, 6 pine nut spools, 18 Alexander cones spools, 6 wine berry spools, 3 raisin spools, 9 prune spools ); a paper bag for sweets with images of Nicholas II and Alexandra Fedorovna.
    The entire souvenir (except the saiga) was tied in a bright calico shawl made at the Prokhorovskaya manufactory, which printed on one side a view of the Kremlin and the Moscow River, on the other hand portraits of the imperial couple.
    In total, 400 “royal gifts,” as well as 000 buckets of beer and 30 buckets of honey, were prepared for free distribution.
  10. kirgudu
    kirgudu 30 May 2016 11: 20
    +4
    For some reason, they danced at a banquet!
    Sobsno how to start stupidly, and end up stupidly.
  11. King, just king
    King, just king 30 May 2016 11: 27
    +3
    A "dry" version is presented. Gilyarovsky, although mentioned in the text, is just a quote. If you need a version of an eyewitness and participant in the events, read Gilyarovsky.
  12. brn521
    brn521 30 May 2016 12: 19
    +4
    The crowd has no nationality. This is the most primitive social structure in which the total intelligence does not even match the level of a baby. Therefore, one of the tasks of the power-holding structures is to prevent the formation of such a phenomenon. Who is interested in the theory - the key word is "crowd psychology".
  13. nnz226
    nnz226 30 May 2016 12: 27
    +3
    And this ... (hereinafter only obscene expressions) the church was counted among the saints! Although the doctor and servants who were shot along with this degenerate family have more reason to be counted as saints!
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 30 May 2016 12: 34
      +1
      The family doctor, as you called, Dr. Botkin is a saint.
    2. Uncle
      Uncle 30 May 2016 12: 51
      +1
      Quote: nnz226
      And this ... (hereinafter only obscene expressions) the church was counted among the saints!

      And in your Ukraine the streets are called by the names of Bandera and Shukhevych, and nothing is normal.
    3. Aleksander
      Aleksander 30 May 2016 18: 39
      +2
      Quote: nnz226
      And this ... (hereinafter only obscene expressions) the church was counted among the saints!

      Save mats for Lenin and other Bolshevik animals who were killed by famine, terror, dispossession, war against their citizens and other crimes tens of millions of Russian people.
      Under the Emperor, this was not the case.
      1. Petr petrov
        Petr petrov 31 May 2016 07: 08
        +2
        Can the facts state ........ and not carry nonsense !!!!!!
  14. Uncle
    Uncle 30 May 2016 12: 48
    +2
    Everything happened, and under the Soviets too:
    In March 1982, in Tashkent, a metal beam fell on Brezhnev and the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan Sharaf Rashidov. During a visit by Brezhnev to the aircraft factory, thousands of workers, dreaming of seeing the leader, climbed the forests that surrounded the aircraft under construction. When Brezhnev passed under one of the cars, the people began to move through the forests, and the beams collapsed under uneven weight. People on an inclined slope to the party leadership. The corner of the metal structure Brezhnev was torn to the ear, his whole head was in blood. In addition, the general secretary had a badly bruised collarbone. This was the last adventure of Leonid Brezhnev. After him, he lived another seven and a half months.
  15. Crimea26
    Crimea26 30 May 2016 13: 59
    +4
    No one says the king was down. But as the king of the Empire - a complete nerd, narcissistic and spineless.
  16. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 30 May 2016 16: 09
    +2
    Good article ......... one more page of history is a little more fully open .... Thank you. and Thanks to the forum users for comments - I read with pleasure. as always, we complement the article with joint efforts.
  17. Faust
    Faust 30 May 2016 16: 42
    +3
    What happened at Khodynka is blamed on the highest persons - they say the Tsar is to blame for everything (and Putin). And no one wants to understand the mechanism of such provocations. I advise you to read the article http://ruskline.ru/analitika/2014/05/05/neizvestnaya_hodynka
    1. Petr petrov
      Petr petrov 31 May 2016 07: 09
      +2
      Here is a comparison .... with the king !!!!!!
  18. Old warrior
    Old warrior 30 May 2016 16: 43
    +2
    What a coronation, such is the kingdom.
  19. Old Horseradish
    Old Horseradish 8 October 2016 15: 39
    0
    When the Tsar was Russia, the Slavs were all together! And now, in only one Donbass, tens of thousands of dead Russians. And can you still recall the fratricidal civil war, where 6 million Slavs destroyed each other for the sake of delirium from the hairy Marx and Engels ?! So it would be better to keep quiet about the Tsar! And now, Fedor Emelianenko has made a remark about the fighting in Grozny, and how are they watering Emelianenko now? Maybe it's time to turn on the brains ?! Who is our boss?
  20. gm9019
    gm9019 9 December 2016 12: 53
    0
    Quote: 1rl141
    It was George who prepared it. I read to Kasvinov, he claims that George was given the best education and training, and Alexander 3, wanted to see George as the king in moral and business qualities.

    also read about the same. Alexander 3 felt and understood that Nikolay should not be at the helm of the Empire, and this gave rise to elementary envy for his brother - a more integral person, more educated and more successful. So the most banal envy happened, hence the brawl on the trip, and the injury of George ..