In general, the situation when “tomorrow is war, and we, as always, are not ready” for us, Russians, is habitual and normal. Well, so happened from time immemorial.
But just two years ago, we were faced with the problem of the mass migration of Russians to Russia. I note that faced once again. Were in our stories already mass resettlements of our compatriots from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Kirghizia. It is the turn of Ukraine. And here began to draw problems and difficulties for which we, as always, were not ready.
Actually, we, ordinary Russians, were ready. And met, and helped, and the whole world, and who how could individually. There was such a thing, and there was nothing to reproach myself with. But our bodies, as it were softer to say, were as always. In one place.
Yes, one can say that the state as a whole was not ready for those dances that the Kiev junta and the fascist accomplices began to dance. However. Since I continue to communicate with the Russians, who lived earlier in Ukraine, and now they are trying to arrange their lives here, here I have come up with some analysis of what comes to pass who wants to become a citizen of our country. And the conclusions, I confess, not very.
To begin, perhaps, with the fact that until 2015 in the Law on Citizenship there was no concept of "Russian" at all, just as our state didn’t actually care about all Russians who remained abroad after the collapse of the USSR.
Everyone survived as best he could. According to the law of the jungle. Although I agree that the times were still those in terms of survival. Themselves to survive, what can we say about those who for one night became a citizen of another state.
About Belovezhskaya treachery, which marked the beginning of all this disgrace, said so much that there is nothing to add. And the Russians became Ukrainians, Belarusians (not the worst option), Estonians and other citizens.
And everyone who did not want to live where Belovezhsky prefixed him, was chosen at his own peril and risk.
But under the pressure of circumstances, namely, under the shells and missiles of the Ukrainian army and the efforts of terbats and simply fascists, in 2014, a stream rushed towards us. And not just a flow, but a flow. And with this it was necessary to do something urgently.
And in April of 2015, the following article appeared in the “Citizenship Law”:
Art. 14, part of 2.1.
"Foreign citizens and stateless persons who permanently reside legally in the Russian Federation, recognized as native Russian speakers in accordance with Article 33.1 of this Federal Law, have the right to apply for citizenship of the Russian Federation in a simplified manner ..."
Simplified order is the real hope of becoming a citizen before you die of old age or hunger. With hunger, of course, bust, but we go further. And then we have an article 33.1.
"Foreign citizens ... by the results of the interview ... can be recognized as native Russian speakers, that is, people who speak Russian and use it daily in family, social and cultural spheres, if these individuals or their relatives live in a direct ascending line or previously resided in the territory of the Russian Federation or in the territory belonging to the Russian Empire or the USSR, within the borders of the Russian Federation ”.
The fact that the state of Russia, on the outskirts of which millions of Russians were born and lived, was slightly circumcised when the USSR was created to the borders of the RSFSR, nobody cares.
But it gives rise to many collisions.
No, if you, like Depardieu or Jones, for example, have a pair of suitcases with green or multi-colored bills, then there will be no problem with citizenship. Proven. And you sneeze on the fact that in Russian you know a maximum of five words. Citizenship will be.
And if not?
In this case, everything is much sadder.
I must say that all the rotation in the FMS environment look quite logical and justified. Although they require not weak investments of this very money. Starting from transfers to state fees. Here you can also add the passage of a full medical examination, but once again I repeat, it all looks quite logical.
But there is one thing that completely kills all these logical and understandable beginnings. And, I would say that this thing is the main obstacle to the return of Russians to their homeland. And the name of this phenomenon is REGISTRATION.
I mean not the primary one, which is necessary for obtaining RWP. This is just garbage, which I myself did twice run away from Ukraine. There is nothing difficult in it, especially since any management company does it quickly and clearly. What-what, but not a single Criminal Code will refuse to listen a bit of money. Therefore, half an hour - and "temporary building" in the pocket of the applicants.
You can start a campaign for citizenship. More precisely, for RAH. Hospitals, notaries, drug-onco-AIDS centers, translators, again notaries. But, if it is good to rest with a horn and score on everything, then in a month the desired paper, indicating that this person has received the right of temporary residence in Russia, will be ready.
Exhale? Yeah, right now ...
Just further, the fun begins. Citizenship application. Even under the simplified scheme it is still that hemorrhoids. Starting with the exam in Russian. No one cares at all how well the applicant knows. People are smart, they are well aware that the Russian who came from the same Ukraine speaks his native language perfectly. So this exam for ours from there is a complete profanation.
However, this profanation costs 15 thousands per head. But this is serious. Yes, the law has a lot of points to avoid this unpleasant procedure. But before that, in accordance with the letter of the law, you must have that very REGISTRATION. And no longer temporary, no.
The applicant must be registered at the place of residence. And the employees of the FMS do not shy away in some regions and checks. To find out whether the specified persons live at this address or not. Fair, yes. Accounting is required.
In general, a magnificent structure was drawn from the light hand of the former head of the fighters against migrants, Mr. Romodanovsky. That's just not quite clear against whom she is friends. It turns out that the "refugees" who arrived in good jeeps with Donetsk and Lugansk numbers, immediately bought their apartments and registered in them - these are ours, Russians. Returning home ...
And at the exit, more precisely, at the entrance, beloved and desired returnees, that they had already somehow forgotten, forgiven all the scandals. I note that the lion's share of the fights at the local level was initiated by them. What leads to certain thoughts on the topic, and whether they were so desirable. But it's not about them, not about Depardieu and other "Russians".
It is about those who are really not able to secure a normal life right away, because they do not have a suitcase with money. But able to be useful to the country. Workers of all stripes: shipbuilders, aircraft manufacturers, nuclear power engineers, engines. Everything that Ukraine could have been proud of before.
Instead of simply taking these people for ourselves, our state simply plunges them into a corrupt extortionate pool. The "left" registrations, bribes to the FMS (and do not say that they do not take, they grab for a sweet soul, schemes are established and debugged) everywhere.
And here, in fact, I turn to the main part. That is, from criticism to quite normal reasoning on the topic "And how it should be, ideally."
Having talked with those who came to Russia for permanent residence, I came to the following conclusions. Everything, by the way, is quite simple.
In each city (regional center, at least) such remnants of the Soviet past, such as hostels, remained. And people still live there. More expensive than in apartments, not so comfortable, but live.
Why should the FMS in particular and the state (of which the FMS is a part) not organize such a migration center in every city-participant of the resettlement program? Settle in a hostel and populate there people who come to Russia without having a suitcase of money or relatives. By the way, many of my current interlocutors there, abroad, are often stopped by the absence of relatives able to give temporary shelter and provide this damned registration.
How many, it turns out, hares are killed with one shot? Arriving job seekers do not have to worry about where to live and how to obtain registration. FMS does not have to ride around the city, checking the validity of the documents submitted, all at your side. And, most importantly, the flow of money, which usually flows into the hands of businessmen from regbusiness, is drying up.
A person received citizenship, became a full member of society, found a job - and you can change the living conditions. Rent an apartment, attend to a mortgage and so on.
That would be motherly. And so more stepmother turns out.
The thought, from my point of view, is not bad. However, when did our state do something for citizens to the detriment of themselves? I am referring to the citizens who live in the hostels. And which should be resettled in a good way. Well this will have to give them either apartments on preferential terms, or a preferential mortgage for those who pull. And not 12-13% per annum, such as at Sberbank, namely, preferential and acceptable. Half as much. This is, in theory, the state needs ... Whether it is necessary - that is the question.
And it turns out that having arrived in the arms of a new homeland, a person is forced to pass circles that are quite comparable with hellish ones. Find a home. With registration. Find a job. Collect, arrange to defend everything with documents. We do not forget to issue a patent for work. It is necessary. Also 4 thousands to give.
What is the most strange and insulting - people pass all this. And because the bridges have already been burned behind their backs, and because they really believe that the future will be brighter than yesterday.
And should it be?
Once again, I emphasize that the whole rich ragie-off type of Depardieu, Yanukovych Jr., Azarov I do not care three times and tenfold. Benefit from them is zero full. As well as from the fighter so characteristic tan. These people will be Russian only on a passport, and even then, because it is profitable. Political PR, nothing more.
But for real Russian offensively. On both sides of the border. For some, because they often come to nowhere, huddle around with relatives, acquaintances and half-acquaintances at times, and first look for a job, so that there is something to live and take shape, and then everything else. And for others, because then later reproaches go to our address. Fair quite often.
Barbarism? Barbarism, dear, as is barbarism. At the state level.
There will be those who will argue that in other places it is still worse. And should we even be concerned with these places? What, tell me, is there a difference, how is this the case in Germany (an unfortunate example, even an Arab live there completely for himself), France, Israel? In Russia, for the Russians it should be civilized and comfortable.
There is something to think about, is not it?
Reflections on the topic: do we really need "foreign Russians"?
- Roman Skomorokhov