The armored cruiser "Rurik II" and the battleships "Glory" and "Tsesarevich" on the roadstead in Kronstadt.
So, having recently turned to Wikipedia, I was surprised to see the story about the so-called “Fiume incident” that was already there, fictional from beginning to end. On the TOPWAR pages, my material, exposing this duck of pseudo-patriots, has already been published. And there were links to archival materials. But ... as often happens: links in one place, and those who write to Wikipedia in another. Therefore, in order to prevent the reader of the site from becoming fraught with lies and further, I consider it necessary to give the floor to the authors of this story here, with references to their names - the country should know its “heroes” and ... the original text of documents from the report of Admiral Mankovsky, who commanded the Russian ships Fiume, and copies of the pages of the logbook of the battleship Tsesavrevich, its flagship. All the originals of these documents are in the archive of the Navy of St. Petersburg, and access to them is free. Well, it’s still necessary to start from Wikipedia - this is, so to speak, the “source”! We read ...
The Fiume incident is a conflict between the formations of the Austro-Hungarian (squadron) and the Russian (part of the detachment) imperial fleets.
In 1910, part of the Baltic ships fleet as part of the battleship "Tsesarevich", the cruisers "Rurik" and "Bogatyr" under the command of Rear Admiral N.S. Mankovsky, when entering the port of Fiume on the Adriatic Sea (now Rijeka), did not receive an answer to the salute produced, either from the shore or from the short-lived Austro-Hungarian squadron of Vice Admiral Montecuccoli. An obligatory ritual when calling warships at a foreign port or when meeting two squadrons belonging to the fleets of different countries was the exchange of the so-called salute of nations, consisting of 21 volleys; for its implementation on ships there were special salute guns. N.S. Mankovsky went to the Austro-Hungarian admiral for explanations about the violation of naval etiquette, but was not accepted by him (later an apology was given to the Russian admiral explaining what happened was an oversight). Admiral Mankovsky said that he would not release the squadron of Admiral Montecuccoli without receiving the required salute. Conscious of the significant superiority of the Austro-Hungarian squadron, three Russian ships were preparing to fight with two dozen Austrians, supported by a powerful fortress.
On the morning of September 2, 1910, at eight o'clock, when the flags were raised on the Russian ships, the salute was made. The “Tsesarevich”, “The Bogatyr” and “Rurik” teams were lined up in front, the orchestras played the Austrian anthem; in response, an anthem from the admiral ship of the Austro-Hungarian squadron was struck by the Russian anthem “God Save the Tsar!” - the Fiume incident was settled.
Khramchikhin A. "Proud St. Andrew's flag" // Russian life. - 2008. - No. 21.
Polyakov S.P. "Admiral" // Russian House. - 22 February 2009.
Now let us turn to a document containing not only information, but also the spirit of that era: the report of the head of the Baltic detachment, Admiral Mankovsky, from 3 of September 1910, No. XXUMX to the naval minister - RGA Navy. 1926 Foundation, 417 inventory, 1 case, 4002 pages - 194. The original is typed on a typewriter with all the delights of the then Russian language - yatyami, fity, etc. So I had to "translate" it into plain text, written according to the norms of the modern Russian language, but the changes were made to a minimum. So, read ...
"Report of Rear Admiral Mankovsky", p. 1.
I am grateful to Your Excellency about the circumstances of the swimming of the detachment entrusted to me in August of this month:
On the 1st of August, a detachment of the battleship Tsesarevich, Glory, the armored cruiser Rurik and the Bogatyr cruiser was on its way from Portsmouth to Algeria. Due to the malfunctioning of the boilers on the "Glory" the turn was 8 nodes. At 7 hours of the evening, when the Troop was in 35 miles from Gibraltar, "Glory" stalled the cars. The commander and the flagship mechanic, at the request of my arrival to the “Tsesarevich” with a report, during which it turned out that “Glory” cannot go alone at all. Therefore, I ordered the “Tsesarevich” to take her in tow, which was fulfilled by 1:00 am with complete calm and a small wave. The tug was filed as follows: “Glory” corroded the 3 bows of the rope, the end of which was taken by her 2 6-inch steel pearls, which were tied to the bollards in the “Tsarevich” in the battery deck. The course during towing was 7 nodes with 45 revolutions, which without a tug would give the “Tsarevich” 9 nodes.
The next day at 6 o'clock in the morning, the detachment entered Gibraltar Bay, from where English squadrons made up the battleships: Exmouth, Swiftsure, Triumpf u Russel, and the cruisers Lancacter and Bachante. Made a salute in 17 shots and received a response from "Exmouth", which was the flag of the full Admiral.
At 7 o'clock in the morning the Squad anchored on the roads of Gibraltar outside the pier. In 8 hours exchanged with the fortress salute in the 21 shot. Now, after anchoring the ship, the Russian Consul Mr. Porral and the English officer arrived with congratulations. In 10 hours along with the Commanders and the Flag - Captain, accompanied by the Consul, I made visits to the Commander and Port Commander. Upon my arrival and departure from the shore, I was saluted by the fortress, and an honor guard with a banner and music was lined up in front of the Commander's house. The commander of the port and the commander of the troops made me return visits in the first part of the day.
In the hours of the day at 2, the port tugboats entered the Glory into the harbor, where they put it in the northern part on the barrels with the bow and stern. In the morning, a commission of engineer-detachment mechanics, appointed by me under the chairmanship of Bogatyr Commander Captain First Rank PETROV, worked on Glory to determine the damage to the boilers and the Glory mechanisms. The preliminary work of the commission was completed only in the evening before the departure of the squad.
After visiting “Glory” and wishing the staff to join the Squad as soon as possible, at 7 hours of the evening I anchored with the “Tsarevich”, “Rurik” and “The Bogatyr” and went to Algeria 12 with a nodal course in the water line.
4 August at 8 one o'clock in the morning The detachment approached Algeria and, after exchanging a salute at 21, a shot with the fortress entered the harbor under the guidance of the deported pilots. Owing to the advance notice of the Consul from Algeria, the detachment's vessels were provided with places, and the tackle was put into the harbor without delay as follows: “Tsesarevich” - at the breezel in the middle of the harbor, “Rurik” was moored to the city, and “Bogatyr” to the opposite city of the pier. At 10 hours, accompanied by Vice Consul Delacroix, along with the Commanders and the Flag - Captain, I went to make visits to the Commander of the Port Counter - Admiral Mallet, Commander-in-Chief, General Baillond, and local civil authorities. Visits were given on the same day.
During the stay in Algeria, all vessels replenished their reserves of coal and water.
On August 8, the 2 of the German battleship Kurfurst Freidrih Welhelm and Weissnburg, the first under the flag of the German Counter Admiral von Koch, entered the harbor. These battleships, bought from Germany and Turkey, went to the Dardanelles for surrender to the Turkish Government, and they had a number of officers and teams - the Turks. In addition to these ships, the 2 coalition of the destroyer, built in Elbing at the Schihau plant for Turkey, marched under the German commercial flag went to Algeria.
10 August in 8 o'clock in the morning The detachment left the harbor of Algeria and began to destroy the deviation, after which, at 1 o'clock 10 minutes of the day, lined up in the wake column and gave 12 nodes a run. In 2 hour. 55 minutes, the man overboard teaching was performed. The first boat was launched from the “Tsarevich” in 3 minutes, and after 5 minutes, the boats “Rurik” and “Bogatyr” were simultaneously lowered. The boats were demanded for the "Tsesarevich", where the mail arrived in the morning. In 3 hours 30 minutes The squad gave the same move.
On the 2nd of August in 5, the hours of the evening passed to Bizerte. For experience, he made a wireless telegram to the Port Commander, to which he received a reply. At 9 one o'clock in the evening headed for the W - th tip of Sicily.
On August 2, 12-th of August, the beam of Palermo passed, and on 6, in the evening, they entered the Strait of Messina. As far as they managed to notice because of the darkness that had come soon, the houses, both in Messina and Reggio, were not rebuilt, and many ruins are visible, but new, consisting of one-story buildings of the same appearance, appeared around the old cities.
13 Augustus entered the Adriatic Sea about half a day, and 15 Augustus 2 hours 15 minutes of the night I anchored in Fiume road. At 7, the Consuls Saloratti and harbor - master arrived at o'clock in the morning, proposed to put the 2 Squad on the barrels, and the third to stand on its own anchor in line with the others, which was done that hour after 8 in the morning; "Rurik" had to become a depth of 35 sazhen. On the same day, I exchanged visits with the Governors of the land and sea, the Mayor and the Commander of the troops. I received return visits at the same time.
16-17 - August the ships were painted. 16 - th arrived on the detachment 15 deputation of the small name of the Prince of Montenegrin regiment composed of: its commander Colonel VEIL, Captain LEBEDEV and sergeant major GRISHAK. Put it on the cruiser "Rurik". On the same day, I and the officers visited the Whitehead plant and examined it with the kind assistance of its directors and accompanied by our mine inspector, Captain PSHENETSKOGO.
Bogatyr cruiser in 1910
17 - On August 8th, the cruiser "Bogatyr" accepted 200 tons of Cardiff coal, as there was a fear that he had not enough reserves before the secondary return to Fiim.
18 - on the morning of 7, according to the instructions received, I sent the flag to the harbor at the place indicated by the coastal authorities - Captain in civilian dress and lifeboats to meet the train with HIS IMPERATOR HIGHLY Grand Duke Nicholas NIOLAEVICH with the world, and to do this, he would be able to do this, and could not do this, not one way. by train from Russia, quite incognito to go to Montenegro on the squad.
In 7 hour. 20 minutes train approached the waterfront. Their IMPERATOR HISNITY Grand Duke NIKOLAI NIKOLAEVICH, Grand Duchess ANASTASIA NIKOLAEVNA, THEIR HIGHERNESS Prince Prince SERGEY GEORGIEVICH and Princess ELENA GEORGIEVNA, and the same time, there is also, there is any way that the real key that the real estate value of one person to change their name to), their color, as well as the value in the line’s white space, the value and distance the value of the value in the value of 10 In the retinue of THEIR IMPERATIVE HIGHLIGHTS arrived: General PARENSOV, Colonels ROSTOVTSEV and Count NIROD, Headquarters - Captain Baron WOLF, military doctor MALAMA and 6 man of female and male servants. These persons were placed on all ships of the detachment.
In 9, the hour.35 minutes were raised on the battleship "Tsarevich" the pennant of the Grand Duke, and their flag was transferred to the "Rurik". In 10 hours, for the carriage of all baggage, it anchored and went to destination in the port of Antiquaria at a speed of 12 nodes. In 12 hours of the night, this speed was increased to 14 nodes. At 2 at one o'clock in the morning, on the 19 of Augustus near Katsza Island, I was joined by the cruiser “Admiral Makarov”, who was scheduled to rendezvous on this island.
19 August in 8 hours of the morning on the orders of HIS IMPERIAL HIGHESTNESS replaced the pennant with the flag of the Grand Duke, to which all ships made a salute. At II o'clock 25 minutes, while referring to the shores of Montenegro, when setting up the right gangway on the “Tsesarevich” the sailor fell overboard, despite the fact that he was overboard with the end. Acting according to the regulations, the detachment stopped the cars in a cannon, the lifeboats were lowered and after 8 minutes the fallen was picked up by the whaleboat from the Bogatyr and brought to the Tsarevich. At II o'clock 55 minutes The squad picked up the boats and moved on. In 12 hour. Minutes of the day 55 entered the bay of Antiviri, where the Montenegrin Royal Yacht and Greek ships: battleships, “Kydra” and “Psara” and the destroyers “Uelos” and “Nike” were located. Having exchanged fixed salutes with the fortress and the Greek military ships, all of a sudden they anchored.
At 1 o'clock 30 minutes to “Tsarevich” arrived Korolevich Danilo, to whom HIS IMPERIAL HIGHNESS of the Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich sent the order of St. Andrew the First-Called, granted by STATE EMPHERENT, to HIS IMPERIAL HIGHLANDS. At 1 o'clock 50 minutes, all the Highest Persons with their retinues left on a steam boat to the coast to the Palace of Korolevich Danilo, from where they later went by car to Cetinje. At 1 o'clock 55 minutes with a salute at 21 a shot from all ships of the Squad lowered the flag of the Grand Duke and transferred his flag from Rurik to Tsesarevich.
At 4, one o'clock in the afternoon handed over temporary command to the Captain I rank I Captain Lyubimov I, and with the rest of the Commanders and Headquarters we drove away to Cetinje. There, too, by train, and then by Skutariisky oucher, and then GG. officers, 8 people from each ship, and shipboard midshipmen 6 people sent to the celebrations from all 4-x vessels of the Detachment, and a joint company with a choir of music composed of people from the ships of the "Tsarevich", "Rurik" and "Bogatyr ".
The armored cruiser “Rurik” in Toulon in 1910
In Cetinje, I, the commanders, and part of my headquarters were placed in separate rooms in the building of the War Ministry and in the Grand Hotel. The rest of G.G. officers received rooms for 2-4 people in the new building of the Ministry "Vladin Dom". The team is placed in the same place, by 8-12 people in the room. At all times during their stay in Cetinje, we had the following recollections: I, the Commanders and my headquarters — at the Hofmarshals table in the Royal Palace. The rest of G.G. officers at the Grandt Hotel, and the team in an Italian restaurant, rented at this time by the Government.
On 20, August, I, the Commanders and my Headquarters had the good fortune to introduce myself to HIS GREATNESS the King of Montenegro, NICHOLAS I, who granted us the order. Then made the necessary visits.
21 Augustus parade was held in the large hall of the “Vladin Doma”, during which Grand Prince NIKOLAY NIKOLAEVICH in the presence of the entire Royal Family, retinues and the Diplomatic Corps handed over to HIS GREATNESS to the King of MONTENEUR of Name on the EMPEROR OF THE EMPLOYER the Marshal of Marshal Our company and the company of the Montenegrins, and the choirs of the musicians of both companies participated in the parade. After the parade, a solemn laying of the new cathedral in the open air took place in the presence of the Supreme People and the masses of the people. After the laying of the Cathedral, all The officers were invited to the Palace, where HIS MAJESTY personally handed them medals in memory of the 50 summer anniversary of his Principle.
22 of August all the officers were invited to the palace to the royal dinner table. In the evening, a ball was held in the large hall of the “Vladina Doma”, which was attended by the King and Queen of Montenegro and all the highest personalities. On the same day, it was offered to me and the officers personally by HIS GREATNESS of the King to use the car, carriages and riding horses to ride around the neighborhood.
23-th in 8 am at the Cathedral of the relics of St. Peter and combat companion Admiral Senyavin, on the initiative of the detachment of officers and with the consent of the Grand Duke Nicholas was served by local clergy concelebrated 4-x arrived with a group of priests, thanksgiving service for the health Russian and Montenegrin Tsar's Houses and a brief memorial service for Admiral SENYAVIN and all Montenegrins and Russians killed in battle who fought for the independence of Montenegro 100 years ago. HIS GREATNESS and KINGDAYS of the Grand Duke Nikolay Nikolayevich were present at the service. In 9 hours in the military field outside the city in front of the barracks, in the presence of the King and all the Highest Specials, a parade of Montenegrin troops took place, which Prince Nikolay Nikolayevich received. After the parade, the commanders and officers, and the retinue of the Grand Duke, and our team were invited to the barracks, where snacks and champagne were served. Toasts were proclaimed, testifying to the friendly feelings of the peoples of Russian and Montenegrin. The ovations were enthusiastic on both sides and ended with the fact that our officers, at the “hurray” clicks, carried the hands of Korolevich PETRA to the Palace. In the Palace the officers were met by HIS GREATNESS, who graciously expressed their pleasure to them and offered them champagne.
In 12 hours in honor of the Russian officers held a ceremonial breakfast at the Grandt Hotel on behalf of the War Minister and the garrison. At 2 hours of the day, officers and midshipmen, escorted by the Minister of War, garrison officers and crowds of people with “live” and “hurray” clicks, drove away to Antiwari. Later, the Qarden party took place in the Royal Palace of Danilo, to which I, Commanders, Headquarters and officers were invited. In the evening we had dinner at the Hofmarshals' table at the Palace of Korolevich Danilo.
On August 24, at 7, our free company came back to Antivari in the morning as it had arrived. With the passage of the company past the Palace in the window stood HIS MAJESTY the King, and deigned to say goodbye to the team. At 10 in the morning I, the Commanders and my Headquarters bowed to HIS GREATNESS, and at 2 an hour. The 35 minutes of the day departed by car to Antiwari, where they arrived through 3 ½ / hour by sunset.
(to be continued)