Military Review

Day of the Air Defense Forces (AD) of Russia

89
On the second Sunday of April, according to the established tradition, the Day of Air Defense Forces is celebrated in Russia. Officially, the holiday in the Russian Federation appeared on the basis of 549 Presidential Decree No. 31 of 2006 in May.


Day of the Air Defense Forces (AD) of Russia


In the calendar of domestic military holidays there is another date associated with air defense. However, it is necessary to distinguish between these two holidays, since in the second case we are talking about military air defense, and the holiday is celebrated in December.

History the appearance of air defense forces is directly related to the appearance of air fleet. As soon as airplanes, balloons and airships began to be used for reconnaissance and attack of targets from the air, the need for effective counteraction of this kind of military activity immediately appeared. And the first units, which can be safely attributed to the prototype of air defense, appeared more than a hundred years ago, actively developing during the First World War.

The first anti-aircraft guns (tools for hitting air targets) began to appear in Germany, Italy, France. By 1915, the Russian Empire began to use such tools. We are talking primarily about anti-aircraft guns 8-K (Tarnovsky-Lender) caliber 76,2 mm, and it is about their combat use. The first training firing at air targets in Russia was carried out in the last decade of the XIX century. Tarnovsky-Lender guns were often mounted on trucks and used for air defense of large cities, including Moscow.



The air defense forces received full development during the years of World War II. The results of the actions of the air defense forces are difficult to overestimate. During the entire wartime, the Soviet air defense forces destroyed huge enemy forces, and anti-aircraft guns were used not only to attack air targets, often used in ground confrontations. The statistics speak for themselves: more than 7,5 thousand enemy planes, more than 1 thousand tanks1,5 thousand guns.

In the composition of the anti-aircraft military units served a considerable number of the fair sex. They shot down enemy aircraft over Kiev, Minsk, Leningrad and Stalingrad, in the Kursk Bulge area and on the approaches (on the approach) to Moscow. The 75 girls served in the 1077 anti-aircraft artillery regiment that defended Stalingrad. Preserved memories of Soviet anti-aircraft gunners. From the memoirs of M.Yu. Ziganshina:

I got to the front as part of the first echelon. He arrived in Stalingrad. She served in the anti-aircraft artillery regiment. It was my responsibility to determine the height of the enemy aircraft, their course. According to my data, anti-aircraft gunners opened fire on the planes (...) We stood to death. I especially remember one of the fights. In one hour, our artillery shot down 16 of enemy aircraft. I was wounded in Stalingrad, and there I was awarded the medal "For Courage". There were many such effective battles. In one of them, the regiment destroyed 14 aircraft, a lot of enemy manpower.


In Stalingrad (Volgograd), the feat of servicemen representing air defense forces is immortalized, including in the form of the name of the Zenitchik street.

The feat of female anti-aircraft gunners dedicated his ballad to Robert Rozhdestvensky. Vladimir Leontyev's channel on YouTube publishes the reading of Robert Rozhdestvensky's poem Elena Ustimenko (a graduate of the acting skills department of the Novosibirsk Theater Institute):



Only after 30 years after the end of World War II did the Air Defense Forces appear on the calendar of Soviet military holidays. The corresponding decree was signed by the Presidium of the USSR Supreme Council 20 February 1975. And 11 was chosen as the holiday date of April. Five years later, the Air Defense Forces Day was designated 2 Sunday Sunday, and it was in this form that the holiday was documented in the Russian Federation, which actually demonstrates the link between generations and the preservation of military traditions in our country.

And after the end of the Great Patriotic War, the need for the development of air defense troops was extremely acute. Thanks to outstanding domestic designers, new air defense systems began to emerge, which, while improving, stood on the defense of the air borders of Russia. Stand today.

And now it is the Russian C-300 anti-aircraft missiles of various modifications, the Triumph C-400, and other SAM systems that are widely known in the world. It is well known that the C-400 “Triumph” air defense system is located not only in the territory of the Russian Federation, but also at the Hmeimim airbase in the Syrian Arab Republic. This is an excellent counterargument for those who, in their thoughts, continue to carry out plans to carry out provocations against the Russian airbase, with which Russian military aircraft and helicopters are raised to help the Syrian army in the fight against international terrorism.



The plans of the Ministry of Defense - getting already through 3-4, the latest anti-aircraft missile systems C-500, interest in the characteristics of which, for obvious reasons, is high now, and not only in Russia itself.

Radio technical units of the air defense forces are equipped with radar complexes and stations of the “Radioluch”, “Sopka”, “Sky” and “Nebo-M” type.



"Military Review" congratulates all military personnel and veterans of air defense troops on the holiday!
Photos used:
http://stat.mil.ru
89 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy April 10 2016 06: 18
    +16
    April 10 is the day of air defense troops. April 12 is the birthday of the anti-aircraft defense party, well, cosmonautics day.
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana April 10 2016 07: 26
      +14
      Happy holiday to all those who are related to the air defense forces of our country!
      I wish you success in military work and excellent combat skills! The best and most reliable military equipment for you!
      And also health, happiness, prosperity to you and your families! love
      1. Altona
        Altona April 10 2016 09: 15
        +6
        Quote: Tatiana
        Happy holiday to all those who are related to the air defense forces of our country!

        --------------------------
        Thank you very much, heartfelt! So that not one enemy will fly! drinks
      2. Bongo
        Bongo April 10 2016 10: 04
        +16
        Quote: Tatiana
        Happy holiday to all those who are related to the air defense forces of our country!

        Thank you, of course, only you have a launcher with American MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missiles in the photo.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets April 10 2016 11: 33
          +8
          Quote: Bongo
          Thank you, of course, only you have a launcher with American MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missiles in the photo.

          Sergei! Happy Holidays! And a woman can be forgiven for a small mistake. Here and SM-90 is enough from our legendary S-75. And my 1530 SRP good luck and new equipment. And let them shoot only at firing ranges, and not in real conditions.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo April 10 2016 13: 17
            +3
            Quote: Amurets
            Sergei! Happy Holidays! And a woman can forgive a small mistake.

            Thanks Nikolay! And you too with the holiday!
            Quote: Amurets
            And my 1530 ZRP good luck and new equipment. And let them shoot only at the ranges, and not in real conditions.

            Quote: Amurets
            And my 1530 ZRP good luck and new equipment. And let them shoot only at the ranges, and not in real conditions.

            It seems that the regiment will soon switch to new equipment wink
            1. The comment was deleted.
            2. Tatyana
              Tatyana April 10 2016 13: 43
              +5
              Bongo
              Quote: Tatiana
              Happy holiday to all those who are related to the air defense forces of our country!
              Thank you, of course, only you have a launcher with American MIM-23 Hawk anti-aircraft missiles in the photo.

              Amurets
              a woman can forgive a small mistake

              Sorry, dear, relatives, beloved Sergey and Nikolai, as well as all those who noticed this error in the picture! I really don't understand weapons! I relied on the Internet and chose a picture on the Internet for the CONGRATULATION “Happy Air Defense Day!”, And she ended up with a foreign catch! It turns out that this also happens on the Internet! belay
              But I really very sincerely congratulate you all involved in the air defense forces of the Russian Federation on this holiday! drinks
              1. The comment was deleted.
              2. The comment was deleted.
              3. Amurets
                Amurets April 10 2016 14: 37
                +1
                Quote: Tatiana
                But I really very sincerely congratulate you all involved in the air defense forces of the Russian Federation on the occasion of

                Thank you very much.
                1. TT62
                  TT62 April 12 2016 20: 53
                  0
                  Happy Amur! I know many since the 1530th, with some I served at 53km.
            3. Amurets
              Amurets April 10 2016 14: 39
              +3
              Quote: Bongo
              It seems that the regiment will soon switch to new equipment

              I am glad! Good luck and happiness to the peasants! This service is not easy, I passed it myself.
          2. The comment was deleted.
      3. unsinkable
        unsinkable April 10 2016 19: 06
        +2
        Quote: Tatiana
        Happy holiday to all those who are related to the air defense forces of our country!

        Thank you. Accept all air defense warriors as a token of gratitude. love love love
    2. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 April 10 2016 07: 52
      +12
      First there were anti-aircraft guns, and then:
      With the advent of jet aircraft, it became necessary to create anti-aircraft missile systems for counteraction, including for ground forces. In the fall of 1958, Marshal Rodion Malinovsky signed an order to create air defense forces as a separate structure.

      Congratulations on the holiday of the air defense troops! "We don't fly ourselves, and we won't give it to others!"
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt April 10 2016 10: 05
        +7
        Quote: Tatiana
        The best and most reliable military equipment for you!
        stop On the postcard there is an American "Hawk"))) And so everything is correct and I join drinks !
    3. northern
      northern April 10 2016 12: 35
      +5
      The most "harmful" troops in the world, they themselves do not know how to fly, and do not give others :-)
      Happy holiday, defenders!
      1. AUL
        AUL April 10 2016 13: 58
        +3
        I congratulate all air defense workers on the occasion! Clear skies above your head, and alarms - just training!
        He himself served in the 6th Red Banner Leningrad Air Defense Army, the "Gabarit" system.
        1. Throw
          Throw April 10 2016 21: 37
          +1
          they don’t know how to fly

          Do guys with air defense know about it? laughing

          and others are not given

          Not "other", but a stranger bully

          Doesn’t)

          And all a Happy Holiday!
          Officers of the C-300 especially drinks

  2. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 April 10 2016 06: 19
    +20
    All who are related to air defense with a HOLIDAY !!!
    Thanks for the clear sky!
    1. OlegV
      OlegV April 10 2016 08: 09
      +10
      I join in the congratulations and best wishes.

      Urgent began with this kind of troops (aviation Kubinka)

      I wish all of you who have a relationship of health, long and happy years, and families, relatives and friends.

      Happy holiday !!!! Hooray.
      1. SRC P-15
        SRC P-15 April 10 2016 08: 43
        +16
        When I was in my service, the equipment was not at the level that it is now. But we fulfilled our tasks and the adversary was afraid of us. I'm talking about the S-125. It was this complex that shot down the US invisible plane in Yugoslavia. Therefore, I am proud to have served at such a complex. Everyone related to air defense Happy Holiday: Air Defense Day!
        Here is my old P-15 radar:
        1. Monos
          Monos April 10 2016 08: 56
          +9
          There should be no garbage in the sky! Happy holiday heavenly wipers!

          282 ZRP.
        2. PValery53
          PValery53 April 10 2016 13: 28
          +5
          My P-15S stood on a higher rack in stationary mode. In Kap.Yar in 1972 they shot "excellent" at the corner reflector. Happy Holiday of the Air Defense Forces of Russia!
          1. SRC P-15
            SRC P-15 April 10 2016 15: 52
            +3
            Quote: PValery53
            My P-15S in a stationary mode stood on a higher rack.

            On the "stationary" near my P-15, 20 meters away was "Unzha" 30 meters high. With her, the "local people" were not afraid of us. But at the training ground in Ashuluk in 1974, I had to do without "Unzhi". I completed all the targets, despite active and passive interference, but in the central cockpit, at the start of the rocket, the high-voltage switch was cut out and the rocket went into milk. But due to the fact that the target was one for two divisions, the other division destroyed it, so the task was considered completed. Upon arrival at the division, after quarantine, I was given a vacation.
            Happy Holiday Once Again! drinks
          2. PValery53
            PValery53 April 10 2016 21: 26
            +1
            The stand is called a mast, and I served in 1973-75, and went to Kap. Yar in 1974.
  3. An60
    An60 April 10 2016 06: 19
    +14
    "We don't fly ourselves, and we don't give it to others!" (Joke). Happy Holidays !!!
    1. Andrey Yuryevich
      Andrey Yuryevich April 10 2016 06: 31
      +13
      so that the favorite question of the Air Defense Forces: "still there?" - answered " request no ...! "Happy Holidays !!!
    2. igorka357
      igorka357 April 10 2016 07: 31
      +5
      That's right, this is our humorous motto!
  4. MOTHER
    MOTHER April 10 2016 06: 21
    +19
    Well, guys for air defense! drinks
    1. horoh
      horoh April 10 2016 06: 30
      +11
      I join 1993-1995gg drinks
      1. avva2012
        avva2012 April 11 2016 03: 20
        +1
        I join: 1985-87. Happy Holidays and clear skies above your head!
    2. burda83
      burda83 April 10 2016 21: 34
      +1
      ALL WITH HOLIDAY !!!!!!!!!!
  5. gg.na
    gg.na April 10 2016 06: 30
    +17
    Happy holiday drinks all who have served and are serving soldier today in the air defense forces!
  6. The comment was deleted.
  7. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn April 10 2016 06: 32
    +17
    All holding the sky on their shoulders с
    Holiday - Anti-Air Day
    Russian defense! Worthy of continuation
    glorious traditions and clear skies !!!
  8. alex67
    alex67 April 10 2016 06: 38
    +15
    Enemy aviation will not be allowed into our sky
    Air Defense Forces.
    They will repel the attack with one blow,
    Instruments are set up, radars are set up.

    We wish them good health and friendly team,
    And love, of course, and excellent service.
    So that the enemy couldn’t get into his native sky,
    Air defense troops, we dedicate greetings!
    © http://pozdravok.ru/pozdravleniya/prazdniki/den-pvo/2.htm
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. gla172
    gla172 April 10 2016 06: 44
    +19
    ...best regards....
  11. s.melioxin
    s.melioxin April 10 2016 06: 51
    +10
    On Air Defense Day
    I congratulate you, dear friend!
    Standing on guard over the sky
    And keep everything in control!
    So let it be in your life -
    Hold your fate in your hands!
    Let courage be with you!
    May the Motherland value you!
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. testerman
    testerman April 10 2016 06: 51
    +9
    I join in the congratulations. I wish you all the best!!!!!
  14. Taygerus
    Taygerus April 10 2016 06: 52
    +12
    Congratulations on the Air Defense Day,
    I wish you a bright and calm life,
    May fortune always smile
    May God give you happiness, peace and goodness!
  15. Armored optimist
    Armored optimist April 10 2016 06: 54
    +12
    I envy those who serve in the air defense now. So many new and interesting vehicles!
  16. Masya masya
    Masya masya April 10 2016 06: 59
    +14
    May the world not destroy the charge above the earth
    And the birds soar in the clouds.
    Day and night, the keys to the sky
    Must be in good hands.
    Happy Holidays! love
  17. engineer
    engineer April 10 2016 07: 00
    +11
    Air Defense Forces Day was determined back in 1975 by decree of the Presidium of the USSR. And in 2006 only confirmed. This was associated with the downing of Powers. He himself served in the air defense of the country on the S-125 and then on the CP d-100. All with a holiday and no more than two missiles for one target
  18. valent45
    valent45 April 10 2016 07: 05
    +8
    Glory to the air defense of Russia! drinks
    1. avt
      avt April 10 2016 08: 46
      +7
      Quote: valent45
      Glory to the air defense of Russia!

      drinks Glory and air defense - of Russia and Vova of Russia. All involved and not involved in the holiday troops do not give impunity to fly! Drink Vodka One! wassat Wait, Execute, Cancel!
      1. Aleksey_K
        Aleksey_K April 10 2016 10: 39
        +8
        Quote: avt
        Wait, Execute, Cancel!

        There was such a humorous reading of the reduction of air defense in the 60 years. And this was due to the fact that the enemy was sneaking up on the border provocatively and at the last moment turned away, thus holding the air defense troops in constant tension. Happy holiday!
        1. unsinkable
          unsinkable April 10 2016 18: 58
          +4
          Quote: Алексей_К
          playful reading

          Two soldiers from the construction battalion replace the excavator, and a soldier from the air defense replaces at least someone! 1972-1974, Ashuluk training ground. CONGRATULATIONS !!! good drinks
      2. UNFAMILIAR
        UNFAMILIAR April 10 2016 21: 15
        +1
        Quote: avt
        All involved and not involved in the holiday troops do not give impunity to fly! Drink Vodka One! wassat WaitExecuteCancel!

        And also "it brought me to serve in the Military Organization", Happy holiday everyone!
  19. Amurets
    Amurets April 10 2016 07: 10
    +10
    Happy holiday! Air defense-collars! Especially those who served and are serving in parts of the Komsomolskaya air defense brigade. Let the sky always be clear, and the training anxieties
  20. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 10 2016 07: 13
    +9
    With all my heart I congratulate everyone on the feast of the Air Defense Forces!
    Air Defense Forces guard the clear sky over Russia !! Gratitude and respect!
  21. parusnik
    parusnik April 10 2016 07: 17
    +15
    Two soldiers from a construction battalion,
    Replace the excavator.
    And one of the air defense,
    Replaces at least someone!
    So they said, the 8th Air Defense Army 1985-1987 ..
    Happy Holiday! drinks
  22. gla172
    gla172 April 10 2016 07: 20
    +16
    ...__________---). Once upon a time ...
    1. Stanislas
      Stanislas April 10 2016 19: 00
      +2
      Quote: gla172
      and so it was
      Antenna Post smile
  23. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov April 10 2016 07: 28
    +13
    I join in the congratulations! YOU ARE OWNERS OF KEYS TO SKY! FROM PEACEFUL OUR SKY!
  24. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 10 2016 07: 35
    +10
    All air defense workers with a holiday and wishes for more new technology.
  25. shubin
    shubin April 10 2016 07: 36
    +15
    1979-1981, C-75. Happy holiday, colleagues!
  26. Stinger
    Stinger April 10 2016 07: 37
    +8
    Congratulations to all air defense personnel. Especially those who served in the 84th ZBDR 6 OA of air defense and set the heat for partners in Vietnam.
  27. 2014ya.ru
    2014ya.ru April 10 2016 07: 38
    +7
    He served in TURKVO as a P-15 radar operator from 1981-1983. Happy holiday to everyone who participated !!!
    1. The Cat Ik
      The Cat Ik April 10 2016 07: 45
      +5
      Sand dust .. :-) You can’t get on an armored personnel carrier, a frying pan. I am the infantry :-)
    2. 2014ya.ru
      2014ya.ru April 10 2016 07: 48
      +2
      I live in Perm, why is the German flag ?!
      1. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich April 10 2016 08: 05
        +9
        Quote: 2014ya.ru
        I live in Perm, why is the German flag ?!

        because Romanian ...)))))))))))))))
  28. igorka357
    igorka357 April 10 2016 07: 40
    +10
    Eh, vc 36996 ZDN 2nd ZRB KO MANPADS .. out of ten IVTs I dropped nine, with the help of my own "Needle"! Today the air defense troops are more relevant than ever, with the holiday of all those involved!
  29. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter April 10 2016 07: 41
    +10
    It's great that our air defense is a formidable force, and an obvious threat to everyone who flies in the wrong place. Happy holiday!
  30. The Cat Ik
    The Cat Ik April 10 2016 07: 42
    +11
    Happy Brothers!
  31. Papapg
    Papapg April 10 2016 07: 45
    +16
    http://topwar.ru/uploads/images/2016/753/xkgy888.jpg

    Tzm PR 11БМ, but simply a tzemk, and missiles loaded and children were taken to school, and much more. Officers, warrant officers, soldiers, sergeants, as well as members of your families, especially children whose childhood was spent at air defense points - all with a Holiday! health, well-being, and most importantly good luck! Thank you for your efforts!
  32. Spartanez300
    Spartanez300 April 10 2016 07: 52
    +7
    Congratulations to the guardians of the sky !!!
  33. Andrey NM
    Andrey NM April 10 2016 08: 07
    +9
    In almost such a car, only on the basis of ZIL-157, in the distant 60s my mom and I took my dad (health to him) from the railway station of Ulyanovsk, and to the point. It was my first car, because I was less than a month old.
    Dear Pvoshniki! On behalf of the occasioners, I congratulate you on the holiday! Heaven - pure, and anxiety - only training!
  34. Million
    Million April 10 2016 08: 29
    +9
    Where without air defense! Happy holiday!)
  35. Black Colonel
    Black Colonel April 10 2016 08: 31
    +9
    MPR, Choyr, 1981-82, 70th ZRBr. Happy Air Defense Day, served!
  36. gergi
    gergi April 10 2016 08: 38
    +9
    Pvoshniki happy holiday I congratulate you. Do not drink much, not too much. For a clear sky!
  37. gjkrjdybr50
    gjkrjdybr50 April 10 2016 08: 39
    +11
    Everyone involved, with a professional holiday, with the Day of Air Defense Forces of the country!

    Clear skies, happy people
    So it was, it is, and we hope it will be!
    And we are not afraid of you,
    While the country has air defense troops!

    The country was defended during the war,
    And in peacetime you are very needed
    So that the children grow up, the fields are spike
    And what would the native land flourish!

    Happiness to you friends! In RTV air defense 34 years of calendar, 39,5 service in air defense.
  38. Lekov L
    Lekov L April 10 2016 09: 32
    +9
    Long live our "Semi-Military Organization"!
    Happy holiday to all of you Comrades!
    Soldiers and sergeants! Ensigns and officers! Generals and engineers! Members of their families! All who are on the start and on the manual.
    RTVshniki, Rakekchiki, Pilots, Techies! Happy National Air Defense!
    Rocketman, cameraman and pilot.
    We - air defense three blood brothers ...
    We stand on guard of solar heights
    Always faithful sworn holy.
    soldier
    1. Amurets
      Amurets April 10 2016 10: 08
      +8
      Quote: Lekov L
      Long live our "Semi-Military Organization"!

      Happy Holidays!
  39. parafoiler
    parafoiler April 10 2016 10: 10
    +8
    I congratulate everyone with whom I shared the air defense service on the Air Defense Forces Day! Activity, health, optimism to everyone!
  40. Tanya
    Tanya April 10 2016 10: 24
    +18
    Congratulations to everyone involved in this holiday! Everyone who served serves, and also creates equipment for the air defense forces! Health to you and your loved ones!
    I would also like to recall that day one extraordinary anti-aircraft gunner, a blessed memory to him ...
  41. Ze Kot
    Ze Kot April 10 2016 11: 04
    +6
    Who is from the Kola Union?
    1. 1rl141
      1rl141 April 10 2016 11: 45
      +7
      Of course there is. Kildin Island, Severomorsk, Olenegorsk.
      1. Ze Kot
        Ze Kot April 10 2016 22: 32
        0
        Greetings to a colleague! Gadzhievo wink
  42. From Samara
    From Samara April 10 2016 11: 06
    +8
    1985-87 Moscow Air Defense District, Noginsk, military unit 92576 (Voskresenskoe village) have fellow soldiers?
  43. Drozd-den
    Drozd-den April 10 2016 11: 29
    +7
    Everyone with whom he shared the air defense service at 145 RTB since 1994-2011.
    HAPPY Air Defense Troops!
  44. Locksmith
    Locksmith April 10 2016 11: 57
    +4
    Happy colleagues! S75,81-83, VUS119.
    1. semen777
      semen777 April 10 2016 16: 17
      +5
      FORWARD, military unit 25512,9 ZRDN. Happy holiday!
  45. loginovich
    loginovich April 10 2016 12: 03
    +6
    I join in the congratulations.
    calculation number
  46. Proud.
    Proud. April 10 2016 13: 14
    +5
    Happy Holiday! 1984-1986. S-75. VUS-034.
  47. Bramb
    Bramb April 10 2016 14: 10
    +7
    Well, so that others do not fly here!
  48. Ale.xey
    Ale.xey April 10 2016 14: 16
    +6
    96 air defense missile brigade 8 air defense missile defense 16zrdn "Jungle" .83-90 with a holiday, lads!
  49. 76rtbr
    76rtbr April 10 2016 14: 16
    +4
    76 rtbr, hub. cr. Vyatskoye on the Amur, 73 km, all happy holiday !!
    1. Andrfire
      Andrfire April 10 2016 14: 37
      +4
      military unit 03059 43/45 RTB 1985-87 Ermakovskoe - Kyzyl
      Happy holiday !!
  50. dvg1959
    dvg1959 April 10 2016 15: 19
    +3
    I join in the congratulations of the Author.
    I also wish the warriors and veterans of the air defense forces good health, long life, success in military labor and excellent performance in combat training.