Military Review

February 18 was born Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan

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110 years ago, 18 February 1906 of the year, Babajanyan Amazasp Khachaturovich, Soviet military leader, Hero of the Soviet Union (26 April 1944 of the year), Chief Marshal of the Armored Forces (29 April 1975 of the year), was born. Among the famous Armenian tankers, this combat officer rightfully occupies a special place. A boy from an ordinary peasant family managed to become a marshal of the Soviet Union, and was also twice elected a deputy to the USSR Supreme Soviet.


Hamazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan was born 18 in February 1906 of the year in the small village of Chardakhly in the Elizavetpol province, today it is the Shamkhor region of Azerbaijan. Hamazasp was born into a simple Armenian peasant family, in which there were 8 children (he was the third son). His father Khachatur was an ordinary mountain shepherd, the family lived a poor life, with difficulty making ends meet, but the father took care that his son received primary education. The future Soviet marshal graduated from 5 primary school classes, after which he helped his father with the housework and hogwash, after all, the family had many children. In 1915, he and his family moved to Tiflis, where he studied at an Armenian school for some time, but without completing it, he returned to Chardakhlu, where he was engaged in farming until 1925, already dreaming of a military career. Surprisingly, 2 marshal, 12 generals and 7 Heroes of the Soviet Union were born in this Armenian village, the air in this mountainous region was somehow special, favored for military service and combat achievements.

In 1924, Amazasp Babadzhanyan decided to join the Komsomol and very soon became the first secretary of the rural Komsomol cell. In September, 1925, at the age of 19, he was drafted into the army, and he began his service in the ranks of the Red Army, leaving for the Komsomol conscription. Wearing a military uniform, he began training at the A. Myasnikyan Armenian Joint Military School in Yerevan, and then in September 1926 was transferred to the Transcaucasian Military Infantry School in Tiflis (today Tbilisi). After completing training in September 1929, he was sent to serve in the 7 Caucasian Rifle Regiment, where he served from platoon commander to company commander. At this time, he took part in battles with local gangs and the suppression of anti-Soviet demonstrations, the future marshal was wounded in one of the battles.

February 18 was born Amazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan


Until October 1938, Amazasp Babadzhanyan continued to serve in various positions in units of the Transcaucasian Military District, until he was transferred to the Leningrad Military District as assistant to the commander of the 2 machine gun regiment. As part of the formations of the Leningrad Military District, he took part in the Soviet-Finnish war. During one of the 18 fights in February 1940, the future marshal received another wound. After recovering and returning to service in December 1940, he was appointed Deputy Commander of the 493 Infantry Regiment, in January 1941 - Assistant Commander of the 751 Infantry Regiment, and in April of the same year, just before the war to the position of assistant chief of the first division of the operational department of the 19 Army headquarters.

This army completed its formation in May 1941, it was formed from units and formations of the North Caucasus Military District. Three weeks before the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the army began to transfer to Ukraine in the region of Cherkasy. Already after the start of the war, due to the heavy defeat of the troops of the Western Front, the army urgently began to redeploy to the Moscow sector, deploying Vitebsk, Rudnya, Smolensk at the turn. Here, Hamazasp Khachaturovich Babajanyan received his baptism on the fronts of the Great Patriotic War. Already in August 1941, Babadzhanyan was appointed commander of the 395 Infantry Regiment of the 127 Infantry Division, which September 18 was the 2 Guards. Together with this regiment he participated in the Smolensk battle and the Yelninskaya offensive operation. After their completion, as part of the operational group commanded by General A. N. Ermakov, he participated in defensive and offensive battles in the Glukhov region, as well as in the Oryol-Bryansk defensive operation, and fought at Kursk and Tim.

Amazasp Babajanyan became a guard, while still an infantryman. In the victorious offensive operation of the Soviet troops near Yelnya, he commanded the 395th rifle regiment, in these battles he showed himself to be a prudent, prudent and at the same time decisive commander. Three months after these battles, he, as the best regiment commander, was sent to further study at the MV Frunze Military Academy. However, he did not have to study at the academy for a long time. Already in the spring of 1942, Babajanyan received an order to form the 3rd mechanized brigade in the city of Kalinin. The creation of a new compound in the city recently liberated by Soviet troops took almost six months; a new compound was formed in the autumn of 1943. The mechanized brigade included tank regiment, three motorized rifle battalions, artillery division, reconnaissance, anti-aircraft machine-gun and engineering companies.



It is worth noting that the infantry officer Babadzhanyan was able to become a real tank commander in a fairly short time. At the same time, up to July 1942, as he later confessed personally, he had never been in a tank. Previously, during his service in the infantry, he had to interact with tanks, but he had not climbed into the armor of combat vehicles before and had not looked into the tank hatches. But in the end, in the Upper Volga land, Hamazasp Babajanyan tied up with heavy armored vehicles, as it turned out, the rest of his life.

The formation of the 3 of the mechanized corps, which was joined by the newly formed brigade of Colonel Babajanyan, was completed in Kalinin 18 on September 1942 of the year. This corps became part of the 22 Army of the Kalinin Front, and in November-January it took part in battles with the Rzhev-Vyazma group of Germans. His baptism of fire in the post of commander of the brigade Babajanyan took 26 on November 1943 of the year during offensive battles that were fought north-west of Rzhev. In January, the 1943 of the 3 th mechanized corps led defensive battles, and in early February was transferred to the Ostashkov area, where it was included in the 1 Tank Army, in which he acted on various fronts until the end of World War II.

Truly a tanker commander Hamazasp Babajanyan could feel himself in the battle of Kursk, where his brigade could distinguish itself. Already on July 6, a corps in full force joined the battle with units of the German 4 tank army, which launched an offensive in the Oboyan direction. The stubborn defense and active counter-attacks of the corps formation, including the 3-I mechanized brigade commanded by Colonel Babadzhanyan, in close cooperation with other formations of the Voronezh Front, was able to stop the advance of a large German group and force the enemy to go on the defensive.



In October, the 1943 of the year, the 3-I mechanized brigade was transformed into the 20-th Guards, after which it managed to take part in the Zhytomyr-Berdichev, Korsun-Shevchenko, Proskurov-Chernivtsi and Lviv-Sandomir offensive operations. During the fighting in Ukraine, the unit freed more than 60 settlements from the enemy, was able to reach the Dniester and successfully crossed the river. By order of the Supreme Commander for the liberation of the cities of Chertkov and Zaleshchiki, the brigade was given the name “Zalashchitskaya”. And 26 on April 1944 of the year for personal courage and skillful leadership of the fighting of the 20 units of the Guards Mechanized Brigade, as well as successfully forcing the Golden Star with the XNUM medal among the first parts of the Dniester River. .

The officer especially remembered the battles for the Sandomierz bridgehead in Poland. On the bridgehead of his, jumped out of a burning fighting vehicle, a fragment of a projectile stuck into his throat. At the time, the brigade commander had even lost his speech. However, in the Great Patriotic War, Babajanyan was lucky to say. His tank burned many times, shuddered by German shells, spread caterpillars on snow and grass, but the tanker had only two injuries: shrapnel in the throat and received in the Battle of Kursk when three weeks he had to drag heavy gypsum leg, moving with crutches.

August 25 1944 Hamazasp Babajanyan was appointed commander of the 11 Guards Tank Corps. This corps took part in the Vistula-Oder and Berlin offensive operations of the Red Army. For the liberation of the cities of Tomaszow, Lodz, Kutno, Lenchitsa and Gostyn from the Germans and the valor and courage displayed during these battles, his corps was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, and for mastering the cities of Tczew, Wejherowo and Puck with the Order of Suvorov of 2 degree The corps under the command of Babajanian took part in the battle for Berlin, after which he was given the honorary title “Berlin”. For excellent leadership of the corps and competent conduct of offensive operations to break through the German defense and defeat the enemy’s resistance centers, as well as the dedication and courage shown by this, Hamazasp Babajanyan was awarded the Suvorov Orders of the 1 and 2 degrees.



For all the time of service, Amazasp Babajanyan was awarded the Golden Star of the Hero of the Soviet Union, four Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Orders of Suvorov 1 and 2. degree, two orders of the Red Star, as well as numerous medals, including foreign awards. In May, 1 was awarded the second Gold Star medal for the successful fighting and leadership of the troops during the storming of Berlin, but instead received the 1 degree of the Order of Suvorov instead of becoming twice a Hero of the Soviet Union.

After the end of World War II, Amazasp Khachaturovich Babadzhanyan commanded various mechanized armies, troops of the Odessa Military District, served as head of the Military Academy of Armored Forces, was head of the tank forces of the Soviet Army. From 1975, he wore a high military rank - Chief Marshal of Armored Forces. It was Babajanyan who adopted the main battle tank T-72, which was unrivaled in reliability. This combat vehicle to this day is widely used throughout the world, is in service with the armies of Russia and Armenia and many other states. Eyewitnesses told how Marshal Babadzhanyan, as grim and dusty as tank driver mechanics, readily went into all the details in the process of testing the tank. It seemed that for this purpose, it was not at all bogatyr of man’s build with big marshal stars on his shoulder straps, life and tanks were simply inseparable.

The chief marshal of the armored forces, Amazasp Khachaturovich Babadzhanyan, died 1 on November 1977, at the P.V. Mandryki hospital, he was 71 the year. Marshal was buried in Moscow at the Novodevichy cemetery. During his lifetime, he became an honorary citizen of the cities of Yelnya (Smolensk region), Zalishchyk (Ternopil region, Ukraine) and Gdynia (Poland). In Moscow and Odessa, on the houses in which he had to work, memorial plaques were installed in his honor. The square in the North-Western Administrative District of Moscow, a street in Yerevan and a secondary school in Echmiadzin (Armenia) were named after the marshal in 1978.

Based on materials from open sources.
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik 18 February 2016 07: 41
    +8
    During the years of World War II, troops under the command of A. Kh. Babadzhanyan were mentioned 15 times in the orders of the Supreme Commander of the USSR I.V. Stalin. ..Thank..
  2. Russia
    Russia 18 February 2016 07: 57
    +9
    A boy from an ordinary peasant family managed to become a marshal of the Soviet Union, and was also twice elected a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

    Liberators tell me about an overseas "democratic" country with "equal opportunities" for the common man!

    Amazaspu Khachaturovich bowed low. soldier
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 08: 49
      -4
      Eisenhower for example. From the simplest family. German from Texas. He went from a soldier to a president.
      Moreover, he was not repressed, such as many of his peer officers in the USSR.
      I did not sit in the camp. Like Rokosovsky.
      He was not deposed as Zhukov or Khrushchev. One of America’s greatest politicians.
      So, comrade communism.
      1. Pig
        Pig 18 February 2016 09: 27
        +4
        Eisenhower became a prezik only because he was "the winner of Hitler" ... advertising in America is in the first place;) for example, another war hero - MacArthur was muzzled and thrown into a pension (just like Zhukov), although he said "correct" Russophobic and anti-Soviet things ... but as they say did not fit into the political process ...
        and in general, warriors are not an indicator ... in the army the chance to advance (especially during the war) is always higher ...
        1. Cap.Morgan
          Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 10: 28
          +1
          The fact that Eisenhower was from a simple family and had no connections in the army. There is a caste system. Hereditary officers.
          But after the revolution a lot of vacancies appeared in our country, all the more so much attention was paid to the construction of the armed forces.
          1. Pig
            Pig 18 February 2016 11: 21
            0
            there are many such examples ...
            all the more so in the states until a certain point the regular army didn’t appear at all after the Civil War wasn’t numerous before the WWII ... there was more of a militia in use where officers could be completely random people
            The USA army was very different from the armies of the Old World with their noble officer corps. Anyone there could go to the army, become an officer and higher, so it’s not clear what kind of caste system you’re talking about.
            1. Cap.Morgan
              Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 12: 21
              0
              Well, it was not like an army. It was. After all, the Americans fought wars with Spain, for example, with the Indians - an analogue of our Caucasus, Mexico. There was a civil war. Of course, the scope was not the same as in Europe. And the focus was on the fleet.
              As for caste, I had in mind that for a career, contacts were needed in the military or business circles. Eisenhower had no such connections.
              1. Pig
                Pig 18 February 2016 12: 53
                -1
                "" Well, there was no army. "
                well, it never happened ... the REGULAR army was considered an "instrument of tyranny";) and numbered no more than 15000 people ... and in all the wars you listed, the main load was borne by the territorial militia of the states - in the same war with Mexico - the Texas militia + volunteers from out of state + small number of regular units
                the creation of a strong army and navy began in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the rise to power of "expansionists" like Theodore Roosevelt
    2. Karlos
      Karlos 18 February 2016 09: 30
      +3
      Paul Robert Ignatius (Ignatosyan) in 1967, Minister of the US Navy, a destroyer is being built in his honor. By the way, there are Armenian admirals in Brazil and Chile. The question is different: how 2 marshals, 12 gen.and 7 heroes of the USSR, by the way all Armenians, came out of one village
  3. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 08: 57
    +3
    Babajanyan, by the way, wrote an interesting book, memoirs, with beautiful photos of tanks. I remember reading in my childhood.
  4. Dim Bes
    Dim Bes 18 February 2016 10: 43
    +2
    Tell us what he said and did when they told him (or showed) the first dynamic protection of tanks.
    1. kapitan281271
      kapitan281271 18 February 2016 15: 59
      0
      He was waiting, and who will remember that we created a DZ a decade earlier than the rest, thanks to him, were thrown back, and then were forced to catch up, although this in some way cannot cancel the huge merits in defeating the Führer.
  5. xtur
    xtur 18 February 2016 11: 14
    +2
    It would be worth adding that the small homeland of Babajanyan gave the USSR three marshals (Marshal Baghramyan, Marshal of the armored forces Babajanyan and Air Marshal Khudyakov, if I remember correctly), it was a unique village, and for this our partners Azerbaijanis destroyed it during the collapse of the USSR

    And yes - Babajanyan was killed by unknown / unidentified persons, which means that he was eliminated by some very influential forces.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 12: 23
      0
      Killed? Wow. I didn’t know. The Caucasian mafia was already ....
      1. xtur
        xtur 18 February 2016 16: 11
        0
        > Killed? Wow. I didn't know. Caucasian mafia was already then

        Caucasian mafia in Moscow, in Soviet times? By the way - Armenia is not the Caucasus, namely the Armenian Highlands, even in the USSR, Armenia was one of the republics of Transcaucasia.

        In general, the fact that he was killed at all is not pedaled, in Soviet times, his biographies did not report this.
  6. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 18 February 2016 11: 23
    +2
    And I first found out about Babadzhanyan from the memoirs of Popel Nikolai Kirillovich ...
    Yes, there were people in our time ...
  7. qwert
    qwert 18 February 2016 12: 14
    0
    I read "Tanks and Tank Troops" with Babadzhanyan. A valuable book.

    Quote: Cap.Morgan
    Eisenhower for example. From the simplest family. German from Texas. He went from a soldier to a president.


    “Do you know that all the 43’s presidents of the USA were brought to the top of power by European royal genealogies? 34 of these were the genetic descendants of one man, Charlemagne, King of the Franks. 19 - the direct descendants of King Edward III of England. In fact, the presidential candidate with the highest percentage of European royal genes (...) each time won the American election. “Do you know that all the 43 presidents of the United States were brought to the top of power by European royal genealogies? 34 of these were the genetic descendants of one man, Charlemagne, King of the Franks. 19 - the direct descendants of King Edward III of England. In fact, the presidential candidate with the highest percentage of European royal genes (...) each time won the American election. And only one president dropped out of the general family tree - the eighth US President Martin Van Buren - who had Dutch roots. For those who are familiar with the Illuminati, or secret communities of the ruling elite’s families, of course, it’s neither news nor surprise that almost all American presidents, including George W. Bush and Sr., Bill Clinton, Jimmy Carter and even US President Barack Obama are distant Relatives of Elizabeth, Queen of England.

    Here you have a village boy named Ike, who has become a general and president. With long roots of royal blood and the most active of the Moson clans.
    1. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan 18 February 2016 18: 12
      +1
      Well, sorry. It's actually a joke.
      In every person on Earth, you can find the genes of some outstanding, great, or simply famous person. Moreover, the birth rate, including in aristocratic families, was high. The eldest son inherited his father, and a dozen of his brothers and sisters traveled around the world in search of a better life. Well, kings are not uncommon.
      In each European country 3-4 dynasties, Tudors, Valois, Bourbons, Stuarts, Habsburgs were replaced, and the Germans could not be counted))))
  8. Karlos
    Karlos 18 February 2016 14: 00
    +2
    By the way, among the Armenians there was also an admiral, Hero of the Sovestky Soez Isaakov (Isahakyan), as well as Marshal Engineer Agayants. And also: I wanted to know more about Admiral Serebryakov (Artsatagortsyan), about Nakhimov, Ushakov, etc. a lot, but nothing about him. By the way, it was he who founded the city of Novorossiysk.
  9. Xent
    Xent 18 February 2016 19: 16
    +1
    Quote: Karlos
    Paul Robert Ignatius (Ignatosyan) in 1967, Minister of the US Navy, a destroyer is being built in his honor. By the way, there are Armenian admirals in Brazil and Chile. The question is different: how 2 marshals, 12 gen.and 7 heroes of the USSR, by the way all Armenians, came out of one village

    My dears, if you look at the full list, you will see that somewhere around 150 colonels and hundreds of officers of a lower rank, and many more under Tsarist Rus.
    About the Armenian marshals ... 5 only in the USSR, Baghramyan, Babajanyan, Isakov, Khudyakov (Khamperyants) and Aghayan ... but in the armies of other countries too. It’s just that in these countries other names were beaten instead of the marshal, for example, in Iran - the sardar. In general, the numbers in all the armies of the world from China to America have served; some continue to serve about 1500 marshals and generals ...
  10. Andrey NM
    Andrey NM 18 February 2016 19: 19
    +1
    Interestingly, in Ukraine he is still an honorary citizen and a memorial plaque in place? These "horses" could do anything in the "fight against the past."
  11. iouris
    iouris 19 February 2016 11: 12
    +1
    It is no coincidence that some Americans are sure that the USSR won because the marshals left the peasants.
    I wonder how the social elevators worked (although this concept itself was born in our time).