Military Review

Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects. 3 part

82



Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects

Part of 3. Camouflage armies of the world


Modern camouflage Germany


Of all the western countries, Germany has the greatest experience in creating its own camouflage colors. Actually, the first camouflage of the Germans appeared in the First World War. In 1930 in Germany, the Splitter camouflage (“Fragment”) appeared in several modifications, which was actively used during the WWII - however, the fabric of this color was used mainly for sewing raincoats, tents and special equipment like parachute jump suits. At the same time, Germany can be considered the birthplace of camouflage field uniforms - it was there that from 1943 the full camouflage form was adopted for supplying field SS units. In texture and colors, it was similar to the modern Russian Partizan.

After the end of WWII, several variants of camouflage uniforms were developed in the Federal Republic of Germany; however, until the 1980s, none of them had been in a serious enough time supply. At the same time, the camouflage “Rain” (Rain) was developed in the GDR, which was used to paint field uniforms for servicemen of both the GDR army and a number of other armies of the Warsaw Pact (in particular, the army of Poland and Czechoslovakia). This camouflage was created by the experience of 1930's camouflage, but in the full sense it was not camouflage, representing a gray-olive background with a lot of short vertical brown stripes, creating a sort of picture of raining rain.

Only at the end of the 1970-s in Germany was developed a successful version of camouflage - Flektarn.

Flektarn (Flektarn)

This camouflage was developed in 1970-ies, first demonstrated at the joint Franco-German exercises in 1976. However, it was only accepted for supply in the 1989 year.

The designers of Flektharn combined the incompatible: they managed to solve the contradiction between the deforming and imitation function, combining small (imitation function) spots into large groups of spots (deforming function).


Fig. 1. German Flektarn

On the one hand, the developers of Flekterna used the experience of 1940-ies - some elements of Flektarn resemble German camouflage of the time. On the other hand, Flektarn was a significant step forward in the development of camouflage, because For some reason, no one had guessed before such a simple solution of combining functions to Flektharn.

For some time (before the appearance of the Multikam), the Flektarn was considered the most effective of the existing camouflages, and even now it is included in the unofficial top of camouflage textures. At the same time, it is considered that Flektarn is most effective in Western European conditions, and in conditions of Eastern European coniferous forests and birch groves its effectiveness (especially in the imitation function) decreases.

Flektarn exists in several colors, in particular, desert and tropical (the latter is called "Tropetarn").

It consists of the supply of the Bundeswehr. In addition to Germany, it is very common in Ukraine, both in the Armed Forces of Ukraine and in “volunteer units”. Ukrainians believe that wearing Flektarna underlines their Europeanness, which is why they often wear it with Bundeswehr badges (which does not always delight the Germans).

Modern camouflage France


France, "distinguished" in World War II with a quick exit from an active war, almost immediately after WWII faced the need to wage many colonial wars. For this reason, she had to think about increasing the effectiveness of her armed forces, and, in particular, about taking on camouflage field uniforms for supplies.

Lizard

The first post-war French camouflage, Lizard, was created in the 1950s. Initially, servicemen of special units were equipped with them, but then it became all-army.

Modern camouflage: the principles of creation, species, prospects. 3 part

Fig. 2. One of the early modifications of Lizard

There are allegations that Lizard was created taking into account the experience of German camouflage builders, however, I leave this question to the reader (in my IMHO, from the German camouflage of WWII times in Lizard, somehow not enough).

On the basis of the Lizard, all camouflage tiger-colored camouflages, ranging from the famous Philippine Tiger Stripes to the Russian Tiger, were developed.

Lizard is still on the supply of the Armed Forces of a significant number of countries, from Portugal and Greece to Senegal, in France itself it was removed from the supply, giving way to CCE. The official Turkish camouflage is also a kind of Lizard.

CCE (Camouflage Centrale Europe)

Created in 90's. At first glance, the CCE is a French copy of Woodland. However, there are several differences.


Fig. 3. SSE

First, in the CCE, the background spots are not green (as in Woodland), but gray. Secondly, the spots themselves are larger than in Woodland. And thirdly, the spots are “flattened” compared to Woodland in the horizontal plane, because the French have taken into account the rule “when moving, the horizontal spots retain their masking properties”.

By the way, the concept of "Central Europe" in the name of camouflage is not about longitude, but about latitude. This refers not to “Central Europe” in the sense of Germany to Bulgaria, but “Central Europe” as a zone of deciduous forests (that is, not southern and not northern Europe).

Officially consists of the supply in the Armed Forces and the Foreign Legion of France, the world is spread a little.

It has a “desert” version called DDP.

Modern camouflage Italy


The Italian army has its own traditions of camouflage use. According to some reports, camouflage uniforms appeared on supplies in the Italian Armed Forces as early as the 1920s.

Currently, the Italian army wears Vegetata colors.

Vegetata

Camouflage is designed in 2000-x, on supply consists of 2007 g.


Fig. 4. Vegeta

The basis for the development was Woodland, whose spots the Italians gave a more "broken", close to the pixel shape. Therefore, Vegetat is sometimes mistakenly referred to as “digital woodland”, although in reality it is “not digital and not woodland”.

Modern camouflage of China


Given that China is an industrial factory of the planet, in the nomenclature of Chinese camouflage to 2007. Damn leg break. The Chinese produced and produce a huge amount of both commercial camouflage and camouflage for their own army.

Nevertheless, it is possible to distinguish several camouflages, which are characteristic of PLA.

For a long time, the Chinese wore their version of Woodland, more similar to the Soviet "Ameba". Interestingly, for the marines, one of the colors used in this camouflage was blue.


Fig. 5. One of the many Chinese options for reworking Woodland using blue. Consisted on supply

The spots themselves were slightly modified compared to the original Woodland.

Tibetan Flektarn

One of the interesting Chinese developments was camouflage, called "Tibetan Flektarn." According to the drawing, it is almost identical to the German Flektarnu, but it has a different color palette.


Fig. 6. Tibetan Flektarn

This camouflage shows a very high efficiency in the highlands, where gray-brown gamma dominates. Due to this, it is produced in many countries, including in the Russian Federation, however, it is not officially included in the supply anywhere. At the same time, PLA soldiers in Tibet actively wear it.

Only in 2007 did the Chinese introduce uniform camouflage for their armed forces.

Type 07

When developing camouflage for the PLA, several basic principles were taken into account.


Fig. 7. Camouflage "Type 07"

The principle of universality was implemented by choosing the background color of gray - which is common both in nature and in urban areas. The shape of the spots in the form of pixels was characteristic of all the camouflages of that time - as already mentioned, pixel spots better “behave” when the object is moving. The deforming function is realized due to the dominance of the background over the area (i.e., the foreground spots are made fairly narrow), the simulation function is due to the selection and combination of colors.

The 07 type exists in several color versions. For example, traditionally for the Marine Corps of the PLA, elements of blue are used.


Fig. 8. Field uniform of military personnel of various arms of the PLA. Camouflage Type 07 in various color modifications

The 07 type is officially composed on the supply of PLA, in the rest of the world it is not widely distributed.

Modern camouflage Denmark


When developing modern camouflage, the Danes did not bother too much, but adapted the German Flektarn to their own conditions.

Danish Flektarn


Fig. 9. Danish Flektarn Danish (above) and Russian (below) production

The Danes reduced the number of colors to three, and the colors themselves made more faded - instead of light green they used gray, instead of dark green they used olive green, and brown excluded. Camouflage was ideal for the northern forests of Denmark and ... Russia.

Danish Flektarn - this is the case when the camouflage is officially on the supply in one country, and the most widespread in another - and specifically in the Russian Federation. Although he is not a member of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, he, nevertheless, is very common here and is produced by several manufacturers.

Modern camouflage Sweden


Modern Swedish camouflage designed in 1990.

M90

When developing camouflage, the Swedes used the old German developments: the shape of the M90 spots is very similar to the shape of the Splitttr 1940-s spots.


Fig. 10. Swedish M90

The deforming function is achieved by color contrast (as in GLC) and also by the fact that the combination of the faces of polygons contribute to the formation of a kind of 3D effect; imitation - selection of shades.
It consists of supplies in the armed forces of Sweden. It has a "desert" option.

Modern Norway camouflage


It differs from Swedish by a slightly smaller number of colors and “roundness” of spots.


Fig. 11. Norwegian camouflage

In comparison with the Swedish, the color range is also slightly changed in the direction of clarification.

Modern camouflage Switzerland


Switzerland last actively fought (as a state) even with Karl of Burgundy, and therefore it has little real experience in database, and national pride is higher than Mont Blanc. Therefore, the most non-military Europe in Europe could not do without its own camouflage.

Alpenflage (Alpenflage)

The Swiss so admire the beauty of the mountains in the spring, when alpine meadows begin to bloom all the flora that could not but reflect this fact on the form of their soldiers.


Fig. 12. Alpenflage

Actually, if the Chinese are the only ones who use blue in camouflage, then the Swiss are the only ones who use red. The red elements of the picture just symbolize the red spring flowers, with which the Alps are covered in the corresponding period. In addition to Switzerland, this camouflage is not common anywhere.

Modern camouflage Japan


If you don’t really go into details, the Japanese wear the Flektarna hybrid (there are black spots from it) with HRV-93 compressed vertically.


Fig. 13. Japanese camouflage

Such camouflage is common in Japan, sometimes found in Taiwan.

Modern camouflage of Ukraine


For modern Ukraine, a situation is typical in which the number of various militarized formations is so large that it inevitably creates a situation of “uniform number XXUMX” (which they have stolen, we also wear).

Officially, the Soviet “Bhutan” is on the supply of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, but the dominance of the psychological paradigm “ala ne yak u moskaliv” makes the Ukrainian warriors of various gangs and calibers wear something else.
Considering that to whom the war is - and to whom the mother is native, many enterprises left over from the Ukrainian military-industrial complex, with the appearance of the need for proper Ukrainian camouflage, actively began the development and promotion of his own, actually Ukrainian camouflage.

Despite the many developments, of interest is probably only one of the Ukrainian camouflage, which has the poetic name "Toad".

Toad

This camouflage was developed under the dominant Ukrainian landscape - forest-steppe with sparse deciduous groves.


Fig. 14. Ukrainian Toad

Interestingly, the deforming function is achieved due to the color contrast (as in GLC), and the imitative function is achieved both by the shape and size of the spots imitating foliage, and by the selection of shades. It is also interesting that the Toad is the only camouflage that uses a bright lime color.
Apparently, the Toad developers wanted to some extent repeat the successful Multicam scheme (as evidenced by the shape of the background spots and the presence of diffuse transitions), but they didn’t really make it. The secret of Multicam lies in the fact that it has clearly delineated foreground spots, which, in combination with indistinctly demarcated background spots, creates the illusion of volume. Toad developers in this regard are similar to adherents of a cargo cult who try to imitate something external, not understanding the essence of the internal - the foreground spots in the Toad are not only low-contrast to the rear, they also have pronounced diffuse transitions (which 3D- Effect).

However, for the Ukrainian conditions Toad is quite satisfactory. In any case, similar to English Pencott to the point of confusion.


Fig. 15. The Toad Winner aims past the photographer.

Nowadays, Ukrainians mostly wear Cartoons, German Flektarn and wear remains of Bhutan; Also common is Form No. 8. The toad, although objectively and somewhat superior to Flektarn, is not officially part of the supply.

Modern camouflage Eastern Europe


The camouflage of Poland, the Czech Republic and several other Eastern European countries differ in name, but in fact they represent approximately one scheme with minor differences in the grouping of spots and the selection of shades.

All these camouflages have a common ancestor, created in the USSR on the subject of "Ameba".

Amoeba

The general sense of camouflage "Amoeba" - roughly equal in size to black, dark green and brown amoebae spots on a light background.


Fig. 16. Polish version of Amoeba - wz93 "Panther"

The Czech version of Ameba, vz95, looks more like Woodland, to which color inversion is applied.


Fig. 17. Czech version of Ameba - vz95

Amoeba species consist of the supply of the Armed Forces of some Eastern European countries.

Also, these countries are trying to develop their camouflage, but at the present time, none of them is in supply.

Modern Baltic camouflage.


Lithuania


Fig. 17. Lithuanian Armed Forces

As you can see, the Lithuanian camouflage is a kind of a hybrid of KZS and HRV-93.

Latvia

Latvian camouflage even has its own name - Latpat. However, the colors of this camouflage are brazenly borrowed by the developers from the Chinese, and not from Type-07.


Fig. 18. Latpat

I do not know where the Latvian developers found Tibet on the Baltic shores, and also why they interpret the pixel scheme so strangely, but the camouflage they have here is ...

Estonia

Estonian soldiers wear two camouflage patterns, one of which is Bhutan, in which the brown color is replaced by green, and the other is a slightly modified Kadpat (with slightly larger spots).


Fig. 19. Estonian military in Bhutan


Fig. 20. Estonian military in a modified Kadpat

Summing up An overview of the main modern camouflage, you can say the following.

1. We can distinguish the 3 generation of modern camouflage:
a. Camouflage with large patches of rounded shapes - 1-th generation (1970-e - 1990-e).
b. Camouflage with pixel spots, grouped in groups - 2-th generation (1990-e - 2005).
c. Camouflage with elements of 3D effect - 3-th generation (2005 - NV).

2. The more the country is fighting, the more it has a range of camouflage.

3. There is no “better” camouflage — everyone is good for certain conditions, however, the next-generation camouflage has obvious advantages over previous-generation camouflage.

4. All attempts to develop a universal camouflage have not yet been crowned with sane success (except that Cartoons can be considered as such).

If we talk about the creation of some "perfect" camouflage, then, in my opinion, it should look like this:

1. Background - blurred spots of medium size and dull colors with smooth color transitions (diffuse or gradient).

2. Foreground spots are pixel, with pronounced borders, of darker shades than the background.

3. The shape and size of the foreground spots should imitate elements of the landscape in which camouflage is to be used.

4. The location of the foreground spots should be oriented preferably horizontally; it is desirable to use the 3D principle according to the scheme implemented in Cryptek and Raster.
Author:
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  1. Dimon19661
    Dimon19661 25 February 2016 07: 24
    11
    Thanks for the series of interesting articles.
    1. igordok
      igordok 25 February 2016 09: 37
      +3
      Many thanks! But I want information on the history of camouflage. In articles on VO there is always some new, previously unknown information.
  2. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 25 February 2016 08: 00
    +7
    Sumptuously. Great appreciation to the author for the work done. In Europe, probably only the Austrian army remained loyal to khaki, with the exception of special forces.
    1. PKK
      PKK 25 February 2016 15: 13
      +3
      Today, it’s very important, as a specialist in camouflage colors, poked his nose with a fabric dealer of various types. He said that you don’t have the most important disguise that I’m looking for. The seller was shocked. , you can save your life and the life of homies. Thanks to the author. I searched for Rastr, and the merchant had A-Dachshunds, but I just wanted Rastr.
  3. black
    black 25 February 2016 08: 29
    +4
    A lot of work has been done by the author. Thank.
    1. lukke
      lukke 25 February 2016 16: 15
      +1
      here's more from VO http://topwar.ru/12964-maskhalat-berezka-i-ego-proshloe.html
  4. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 25 February 2016 08: 33
    +3
    The Swiss - tear out the eye - was always interested in the masking properties of it. thanks for the cycle !!!!
    1. Doctor Evil
      Doctor Evil 25 February 2016 08: 45
      +6
      The Swiss that the author in the picture is the brightest. There is a more faded option. Autumn in the middle lane, quite normal. I have a comrade cloak in Alpenflask 1966 uses LEIBERMUSTER. Satisfied.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. saygon66
      saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 10
      +1
      - Switzerland, sample ()
  5. solovey
    solovey 25 February 2016 08: 36
    +3
    BUTAN and FLORA excellent camouflage wink
    1. almost demobil
      almost demobil 25 February 2016 19: 08
      +2
      Quote: solovey
      BUTAN and FLORA excellent camouflage

      Unlike the pixel that is now in our army. In my opinion, extremely unsuccessful camouflage. From afar, it's just dark green. No.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. saygon66
      saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 15
      +1
      - "Bhutan" is a mess! Especially brown!
  6. Mik13
    Mik13 25 February 2016 08: 41
    30
    Here is the best pattern!
    1. Avantageur
      Avantageur 25 February 2016 11: 35
      +3
      Quote: Mik13
      Here is the best pattern!

      Stylized under a tolerant € Europe ...


  7. avt
    avt 25 February 2016 09: 43
    +3
    Cool loop good I’ll digest two days and re-read all at once. laughing
  8. Sargord A.
    Sargord A. 25 February 2016 09: 58
    0
    "Gray wolf" where? And awesome Chinese camouflages for the Marine Corps, as well as some unknown in red colors
    1. Lanista
      25 February 2016 10: 34
      +8
      If you mean what is in the photo, then this is an urban version of the Russian modification of Woodland, which is called "Forest". Urban camouflages are special (like desert or night ones), so they are not covered in this article. An article about general camouflages, not special ones.
      1. marshes
        marshes 25 February 2016 11: 12
        +1
        Quote: Lanista
        Lanista

        Maybe the dear will be able to give the name of the lump, perhaps a mas.halat. Not long ago we appeared, maybe China or Croatia.
        1. Lanista
          25 February 2016 11: 24
          +4
          The name of this camouflage is "Partizan". Produced by a bunch of Russian manufacturers.
          I myself wore one in 2008, bought it in Mozdok.
          I can't say the name of a specific product, because the manufacturer can trick the name as he pleases. The drawing itself, I repeat, is called "Partisan", it is considered in the first part of the material.
          1. marshes
            marshes 25 February 2016 11: 28
            +2
            Thank you. And will there be a review of the CIS countries? If yes, I’m waiting.
            1. Lanista
              25 February 2016 11: 30
              +3
              In the CIS countries - I'll try.
              1. Uncle VasyaSayapin
                Uncle VasyaSayapin 25 February 2016 16: 37
                +2
                Is a "slide" considered camouflage?
  9. Forest
    Forest 25 February 2016 10: 54
    +2
    Always wondered why the Chinese Marines have a blue-and-blue camouflage?
    1. Lanista
      25 February 2016 11: 29
      10
      There is an assumption that for the PLA, which is currently not participating in active hostilities, the appearance of soldiers ON PARADS, and not on the battlefield, is of greater relevance. You must admit that it looks very nice at the parade when the military branches have their camouflage (or other differences in uniform), and the Chinese traditionally love and are able to organize parades.
      1. Forest
        Forest 25 February 2016 20: 57
        +1
        That is yes. But as I look at the teachings - I can’t calmly see such disguised people in bright greenery, especially a sniper.
  10. Vik66
    Vik66 25 February 2016 12: 55
    +6
    I will join the respected "swamp" - very interesting in terms of CIS camouflages!
  11. Kerch
    Kerch 25 February 2016 14: 32
    +2
    The French have everything elegantly, even the name of the camouflage is "Lizard")) As if chocolate or wine)
    1. Jackking
      Jackking 25 February 2016 19: 19
      +1
      Lizard in English is a lizard. What does it mean in French?
      1. Lanista
        25 February 2016 19: 43
        +2
        Idem.
  12. k_ply
    k_ply 25 February 2016 14: 42
    +3
    It seems Belgian forgotten.
    1. Lanista
      25 February 2016 14: 58
      13
      Damn, I repent. Really forgot about the Belgians, and their camouflage is interesting.
      In general, the Belgian camouflage is similar in design to the French CCE (that is, they took Woodland, flattened it vertically and changed colors), only the color scheme is very original, you will not confuse it with anything.
    2. Lanista
      25 February 2016 15: 04
      +1
      Belgium on the background of technology.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 25 February 2016 20: 54
        +4
        -Old Belgian drawing:
      2. The comment was deleted.
  13. wedwa
    wedwa 25 February 2016 15: 00
    +3
    LATPAT is not bad in winter in European conditions, but, of course, it was mainly developed for the color scheme of desert territories. In 2006, it was assumed that the main military conflicts would be there.
    1. igordok
      igordok 25 February 2016 16: 07
      +1
      For this winter, the most suitable. sad
  14. wedwa
    wedwa 25 February 2016 15: 01
    +3
    With the crisis of 2008, funding for the Latvian army declined and for a while they refused to camouflage for local conditions. But last year a new green MultiLATPAT color was presented. Camouflage was developed in collaboration with the Swedish company SAAB Baracuda.

    http://rus.delfi.lv/news/daily/latvia/foto-latvijskaya-armiya-poluchit-novuyu-fo
    rmu.d? id = 46868465

    https://www.flickr.com/photos/latvijas_armija/sets/72157661967090509/
    1. Lanista
      25 February 2016 15: 07
      +5
      MultiLATPAT - it turned out pretty well, but still not for Multikam (there is no 3D effect). But, I repeat, it turned out pretty well, approximately at the level of a good Flektarn.

      By the way, there is a persistent rumor that real, ethnic Latvians have an eye apparatus (with "rods" and "cones") designed in such a way that they see more shades of colors than representatives of other nations, but they see worse than others in low light. That is why Latvians are good snipers (they see camouflage colors not in "merging" with the terrain, but separately, which allows them to isolate the target), but with the onset of dusk they become essentially helpless.
  15. lukke
    lukke 25 February 2016 15: 02
    +2
    The Chinese are not the pioneers of use, incl. "blue" in camouflage. In the United States, it is used in the Navy and Coast Guard. The cartoon, of course, is coolly promoted, but not a standard and I agree with the author - for each area - its own. There is one more fad - in nature there is no absolutely black color and if it is used in a lump it is already a minus. Israel still uses the one-color, but somewhere I saw that their new uniform would be camouflage. In general, the variety in camouflage today in three countries: the USA, Russia and China (although, according to the author's logic, China should not have this since China is not at war))) we will write off the monkey's manner of copying everything or preparing for a serious global challenge) ...
    Unfortunately I have not read the previous articles (((
    1. lukke
      lukke 25 February 2016 16: 47
      +3
      read. In the second block, Lanista tells about the USMC marpat, but not completely - first, the marpat usmc desert (desert) appeared, and then woodland (forest). The Marines generally have strict requirements for clothing and footwear, one of the principles is that the manufacturer is exclusively a US country, and the manufacturers and suppliers of the Corps will fit on the fingers of one hand). On the camouflage patterns that "deserts", that "forests", if you look closely, you can see the inscription "usmc" and the emblem of the Corps, on the shoes too. The FROG inscription says that the material is non-combustible, plus anti-mosquito treatment for several dozen washes). generally take care of the person)
  16. Lanista
    25 February 2016 15: 17
    +8
    By the way, do you want a really working tip on perfect camouflage?
    The deforming function is implemented at 500% if you have a tunic of one camouflage, and pants - of another. And unloading - of the third. It is desirable that these camouflage patterns do not even match the pattern. Really works, verified.
    1. lukke
      lukke 25 February 2016 15: 40
      +4
      The deforming function is realized at 500% if you have a tunic of one camouflage, and pants - of another. And unloading - of the third
      Yes, we are dressed according to this principle our entire army). About a tunic and pants - not always, more often in different colors, a headdress (or a helmet, its cover) and pants with a jacket, and the rest to the point))) from the category of masquerade, plus some do not forget about the brown officer bag in the appendage and gas mask bag from tarpaulin
    2. marshes
      marshes 25 February 2016 16: 39
      +2
      Quote: Lanista
      By the way, do you want a really working tip on perfect camouflage?

      By the way, it doesn’t merge well with the urban area, a gray denim jacket and dark blue shabby jeans. smile
  17. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 25 February 2016 15: 20
    11
    But we don’t have camouflage ... crying
    There we run, crawl in the dust-sand, green as frogs.
    And sometimes we even jump love :
    1. lukke
      lukke 25 February 2016 15: 41
      +3
      But we don’t have camouflage.
      it's temporary - update soon
    2. marshes
      marshes 25 February 2016 17: 25
      +3
      Quote: voyaka uh
      And we don’t have camouflage

      your brown shoes are not bad, in the style of ANTIFA smile And so on the mind in figs black shoes in a country with a "warm climate".
      Berets, fungi on helmets you have a unit of Galani, I'm sorry I may have misspelled, wear. A good thing, our note. smile
      1. lukke
        lukke 25 February 2016 17: 49
        +4
        helmets
        this canoe has a patent and purpose - it distorts the soldier’s head as a target for aiming
        1. marshes
          marshes 25 February 2016 18: 02
          +2
          Quote: lukke
          this canoe has a patent and purpose - it distorts the soldier’s head as a target for aiming

          And the thing is, in the last article, Lanista, I apologize if not so, raised it. Take a mask that has been in the army before, there is a hood not in size, just under the helmet. It is not clear how to fix it.
          1. Kondor13
            Kondor13 25 February 2016 21: 48
            +2
            The gum is circular from above, under it you can still insert branches, the current with branches on the bushes does not move very well, and if for an ambush it’s normal, and the gum of the current is painted, well, that wasn’t white, I took a meter 3 for the gum tape her by hand
            1. marshes
              marshes 25 February 2016 22: 03
              0
              Quote: Kondor13
              The gum is circular from above, under it you can still insert branches, the current with branches through the bushes does not move very well,

              I have a silver sheet, a dressing gown was there in the fabric special type of fasteners smile for all branches were.
              A netted mask. In Tajikistan, outposts attacked 12 outposts, but there were defenders of this, we were far beyond 14 outposts, and I don’t know what 13 or 11 did not come to the rescue. Although I would have called from the detachment, it’s strange but they defeated the Slavs, they didn’t go to the Kazakhs, even Vshshniki lost 22 people, then the Tajiks played a point. Damn, I do not like Tajiks and trains with them, my beloved dog lost her nose and got sick with cancer, they sprinkle everything with bleach.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. saygon66
        saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 30
        +2
        - Brown boots are worn by paratroopers ... A girl not from "Caracal" will be?
    3. dzvero
      dzvero 25 February 2016 20: 11
      +3
      Do you have natural green sand or paint it by hand first? belay
    4. Ahmed
      Ahmed 26 February 2016 18: 10
      +1
      Quote: voyaka uh
      But we don’t have camouflage ...


      There is wink

      Those who need it have always been. drinks

      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 28 February 2016 18: 30
        +2
        Caracal has the usual green form. Although they hang out
        near the Egyptian border, there is a desert. Generally - hellish climate
        in the daytime - inconceivable heat, at night - cold winds; dust, scorpions.
        I would not give my daughter to Caracal stop .

        I never saw the light form that you presented in the photo
        1. Ahmed
          Ahmed 29 February 2016 23: 11
          +2
          Quote: voyaka uh
          I never saw the light form that you presented in the photo

          This is not a uniform, but a good old camouflage net (asva'a sieves from which mitznefet are sewn), camouflage suits are also sewn from it (probably already 30 years ago), on the one hand "desert", and if turned inside out - "forest".
      2. SSeT
        SSeT 6 March 2016 10: 27
        +1
        Oh! krasapetochki what!
  18. cyberhanter
    cyberhanter 25 February 2016 17: 22
    +2
    Mistakes again
    Flektarn exists in several colors, in particular, desert and tropical (the latter is called "Tropetarn").

    In the German army, it exists in two forms - desert and green. Everything that is osalnoe is either adaptation (Japanese analogue, Danish analogue, etc.), or commecre variants, such as snowy, etc.
    In 14 in Afghanistan, they began to notice another species, a grayer version of the desert, I do not remember the name exactly, but it is not worth supplying
    About Danish Flecktarn
    The Danes reduced the number of colors to three, and the colors themselves made more faded
    . There is an opinion, but I can’t confirm it, that they did not reduce the number of colors, they took one of the earlier versions of flektarn, different from the current five-color
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 26 February 2016 16: 22
      +2
      - Development of ESR "Nine" ... An interesting enterprise, by the way ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  19. SokolfromRussia
    SokolfromRussia 25 February 2016 20: 24
    +2
    About the former Yugoslavia did not write anything ...
    Here are from my stocks. Bosnian Serbs.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 06
      0
      - But the shirt on the bottom right, and the jacket too, strongly "wave" at the samples worn by the Cubans in Angola ... Is the shirt not of Korean production?
      1. SokolfromRussia
        SokolfromRussia 26 February 2016 08: 49
        0
        All production of Republika Srpska in 1990-e and brought directly from there.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  20. SokolfromRussia
    SokolfromRussia 25 February 2016 20: 24
    +4
    But camouflage from the Serbian Krajina.
  21. SokolfromRussia
    SokolfromRussia 25 February 2016 20: 26
    +3
    Yugoslav camouflage M93. Used in wars in Croatia, Bosnia and Kosovo. It is still used by the Serbian army.
  22. SIT
    SIT 25 February 2016 20: 34
    +2
    Illustration of the work of Chinese Tibet in the autumn deciduous forest.
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 26 February 2016 16: 30
      0
      - "Unloading" Dutch ...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  23. The comment was deleted.
  24. SIT
    SIT 25 February 2016 20: 35
    +1
    Well, a photo that shows that there are no universal camouflages. The same Tibet on the background of green needles and fallen foliage at the same time.
    1. marshes
      marshes 25 February 2016 20: 41
      0
      Quote: SIT
      the same Tibet on the background of green needles and fallen foliage at the same time.

      Damn, that it was a photo above so the arrow will be shot. smile
      For your region, the Carpathians, it will not be bad that the Croats are scribbling. By the way, they are not bad armor plates and helmets. smile
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. SIT
        SIT 25 February 2016 20: 52
        +3
        Tibet works very well in a pure deciduous forest in the fall.
        1. marshes
          marshes 25 February 2016 20: 59
          0
          Quote: SIT
          Tibet works very well in a pure deciduous forest in the fall.

          Damn I see, and for three hundred meters I’ll see, not a Tungu sniper. In the forest above Lanista I described Partizan. My tiger clump doesn’t. But in general, scraps of fabric do not work badly. I have been to Ukrainian forests, even where Morshin. The thing is that Croats do.
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. saygon66
          saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 24
          +2
          - And not only ... It’s not bad at hiding in the fields in the Kaliningrad region ... They checked it!
          - Here's a check:
          1. Lanista
            25 February 2016 22: 34
            +1
            This is a Rhodesian camouflage, very rare in our latitudes. Where did you get this, colleague?
            1. saygon66
              saygon66 26 February 2016 00: 26
              +2
              - There is such a site: bidorby or samilitaria ... But there are no guarantees of quality ... This instance is scary to take in hands ...
            2. The comment was deleted.
  25. saygon66
    saygon66 25 February 2016 20: 49
    +1
    -Swedish "Barracuda" ... Original ...
    1. saygon66
      saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 03
      0
      - The first French camouflage 1914g
    2. saygon66
      saygon66 25 February 2016 21: 03
      +5
      - The first French camouflage 1914g
  26. Rich-ksy
    Rich-ksy 25 February 2016 22: 12
    +1
    "Chinese Tibet" in terms, excellent at the top, lower only in autumn. Verified personally.
  27. Rich-ksy
    Rich-ksy 25 February 2016 22: 14
    +1
    Hills. sorry for the mistake
  28. artgrad
    artgrad 26 February 2016 01: 25
    -6
    Sensible camouflage among the Chinese for all kinds of land and among Ukrainians, the toad is excellent even despite the author’s stupid snobbery! It’s disgusting to read! Any psychologist will say that when everything around is bad and evil, then it's not about others, gentlemen, neighbors ...
    1. Lanista
      26 February 2016 10: 34
      +7
      Ukrainians have an excellent toad even despite the author’s stupid snobbery! It’s disgusting to read! Any psychologist will say that when everything around is bad and evil, then it's not about others, gentlemen, neighbors ...


      Yes, yes, we are surrounded by continuous kind, honest, hardworking, a little naive, morally flawless people; what’s there with people - practically elves (or angels - to taste)! Well, two years ago, some angels, for example, overthrew a legally elected president, and then burned a bunch of people in a certain coastal city, after which two rather big regions were straightened with artifact directly with a peaceful people. Indeed, where are the bad and the evil? Well this is a continuous infliction of good and mercy!
      And yet some elves with an impeccable reputation are so afraid of us, such aggressive and with psychological problems, that they invite angels to protect them - those who destroyed the entire industrial infrastructure of these very elves. Angels, of course, are happy to fly to their "protection", it's a pity that we are not going to attack. But what to take from us - we are orcs, insidious that horror: we can attack, but we do not attack - treachery in its purest form!
      Oh yes, there are also some more angels. Heavenly whiteness and purity of the creature, they even have a white circle on the flag and, in an angelic way, the immutable truth about God is written. “There is no God but God,” it seems. The main angels still help them - not directly, but through the lands of good elves who buy ambrosia, nectar and other goodness of the air from the angels.
      And only we sit like that in our Mordor, evil snobs with psychological problems, and for some reason we treat all these elves and angels badly. We are evil, evil.

      As for the Toad, I said: for Ukraine, camouflage is not bad, but the Cartoons are better.
      As for you, colleague: do not strive to be a greater Ukrainian than the Ukrainians themselves. It does not color you.
  29. Voice of the Mind
    Voice of the Mind 26 February 2016 01: 40
    +1
    Thanks for the article. Clearly and encyclopedic.
    Waiting for camouflage technology. aircraft and ships
  30. pooop
    pooop 27 February 2016 15: 11
    +3
    please do the hotel part about snipers, I’m very interested in how things are with camouflage.
  31. RuslanNN
    RuslanNN 3 March 2016 15: 22
    +3
    In Dagestan in the mountains in the summer, our figure is super, only in alpine meadows, where the grass, the sleeping bag left barely found later. And above on the rocks, it practically does not work. Therefore, for each area, a good drawing is good. Cartoons are more universal, but averaged than lumps, calculated specifically for a particular area.
  32. Navy7981
    Navy7981 8 March 2016 21: 00
    +2
    Thanks to the author.
  33. Pineapple1974
    Pineapple1974 11 March 2016 22: 54
    0
    Several very interesting types of camouflage are currently being actively introduced in parts of the special forces, airborne forces and marines of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. These are the "Predator" (special forces units) and "Varan" (79 airmobile brigade). The developer and manufacturer of the "Predator" is SPN Kombat. They have very good reviews of all camouflages on their website. Much more professional than this article. Here's a sample of the Predator. Works much better than Multicam both in the fields and indoors. Tested repeatedly. I always have an advantage of about half a second until the enemy can focus on me.
  34. The comment was deleted.
  35. Pineapple1974
    Pineapple1974 11 March 2016 22: 56
    0
    Predator skin
  36. Lanista
    29 March 2016 11: 57
    0
    They have very good reviews of all camouflage on the site. Much more professional than this article.

    I read that site. As for "all" camouflages, I am plagued by vague doubts that these people do not even know half of the camouflages from my material. They REALLY compare the outdated Soviet colors ("Bhutan" and sample 57) with their new designs. It's funny.
  37. Lens
    Lens April 17 2016 19: 17
    0
    The author barely disclosed the topic of Ukrainian camouflages. In addition to the "monitor lizard" and "predator", there were also pixels for the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the National Guard and border guards.
  38. Nikitos86
    Nikitos86 4 May 2016 20: 09
    0
    Not a lot of the topic. Anyone has patterns mabuty. I will be grateful.