Military Review

Korean War through the lens of a military photojournalist (history in 19 photos)

51
Korean War through the lens of a military photojournalist (history in 19 photos)

"When it seemed that the machine gunner [Corporal Leonard Hayworth] had lost all hope, an experienced colleague with smoked cheekbones and a white-toothed smile crawled up to him ... sitting shoulder to shoulder with a young colleague, he quietly told him how they still manage to keep the defense ... Chumzy the veteran spoke until a faint smile appeared on the corporal’s face. Tears still flowed and left marks on his dirty face under the helmet, where rain could not wash them away, but the old marine seemed not to notice. [Korea, September 1950 of the Year] from the book "This is War!", P. 26


Few people have lived such a long, diverse, and interesting life as David Douglas Duncan. And of course, none of the photographers can boast such a long and vibrant career as this native of Missouri, who today is one of the most outstanding photojournalists of the 20 century.

Duncan was born on January 23 of 1916, and in 30 began making photo stories for newspapers. He joined the Marine Corps after Pearl Harbor, took the most unforgettable images of World War II, and 20 years later in Vietnam, documented civil unrest and wars in Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East, capturing the unspeakable beauty of the world, starting with the Western Ireland and ending with the deserts of South America, was friends and photographed by Picasso and Cartier-Bresson, and finally created the greatest portfolio of photographs since the Korean War.


Captain of the Marine Corps Francis Fenton thought about his fate and the fate of his people after he received a report that there was almost no ammunition left in his company.


The driver, wounded after the explosion on the mine of his ambulance jeep, cries on the sidelines after he realized that his friend was dead


US infantrymen run past dead Korean soldier, September 1950

Duncan currently lives in his home in southern France. LIFE.com magazine interviewed him by phone, asking him to tell him about his memories of this conflict, about how he was able to "show what a person is experiencing when his country decides to go to war."

For example, as for his photo (the second one in the presented gallery), in which the captain of the marines was shot after another attack by North Korean troops near the Naktongan river, when the ammunition ended and reinforcements were not expected, Duncan wrote in his classic book 1951, “This is war!”: “Fenton was wet through, raindrops running down his unshaven chin, the reports were worse than the other. His exhausted infantrymen had only a few cartridges in their cartridge belts. If the Reds would start another attack, only bayonets and butts would go. ”

But there was no attack. The infantrymen held a slushy, funnel-covered, blood-irrigated hill. “Because of the rain, radio communication was impossible that day,” Duncan shared, his memories were still bright, although more than six decades had passed, “and Fenton had to shout out most of his orders, and when the shout was no longer working, he sent couriers. God, he was cool! He never lost his head. "


“Corporal Leonard Hayworth ... shows his extreme disappointment, because he crawled from his position only to learn that the ammunition was over. But fortunately, at the last moment, the stocks were delivered and the soldiers took their positions. ” From Duncan's book “This is war!”


Wounded infantryman carried on a stretcher, mastered from a machine gun


A column of US marines marching down a narrow mountain path called the Nightmare Trail, retreating after the battle of Chosinoye Reservoir, Korea, 1950 year

Other photos resurrect the same unforgettable memories in his memory. Duncan tells history some of his classic photographs in a voice that is both firmly and a little excited, excited by his own memories, the memory again brings him back to the horror and heroism he witnessed, the fact that he was there, inside the war, writing it all down.

“I telegraphed to the editors of LIFE magazine in August 1950 from Tokyo,” Duncan says, “I told them that I was going back to Korea to try to get what I called with two words a“ dumb story ”, this story is the basis of my future book . Soon after, I covered the battle near the Naktongan River, I took a photo (the third one of this gallery) of soldiers running by the dead of a dead enemy soldier, their outfit was completely saturated with mud and slurry, and God knows what else. In the end, I put this photo on the cover of my book “This is war!”, Published a year later. ”


Infantrymen returning from the Chosin reservoir


Marines march along a mountain road called the "Nightmare Trail" during the retreat after the Battle of the Chosin Reservoir


The infantryman, tired from cold weather to the bones, during the retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir, winter 1950

In the hellish summer heat and in the harsh winter frosts, Duncan walked with the marines, documenting the agonizing life they led. But such is the life and fate of all soldiers in all military conflicts around the world.

“During the retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir, it was minus the 40 degrees,” Duncan recalls one particularly awful battle of the winter of the 1950 year. - And the chilling wind! This wind blew from Manchuria and brought the temperature on sensations to 50-60 degrees below zero. It was so damn cold that my film became fragile, it just broke like a cracker. But I charged and discharged the camera under my clothes and kept some of the films there, and therefore I was able to make quite decent shots. ” (especially 7, 8 and 9 photos)


A tired and exhausted soldier shrank from the bitter cold during his retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir


A shocked soldier grabs a jar of food. Retreat from Chosin, December 1950 of the year


Fighting for Seoul, Korea, 1950 year

The two-week battle at Chocín, after which a UN contingent of 30000 soldiers was able to escape the Chinese soldiers surrounding 60000, is considered a decisive battle for one simple reason: superior allied forces were able to break through the enemy’s forces surrounding them, inflicting heavy casualties on them.

Remembering the unspeakable violence and constant deprivation (without heat in winter, without investment from the summer heat, constant hunger) of those years, Duncan notes the positive qualities of the Korean allies of the Americans.


“This,” Duncan says of the photograph taken during the fighting for Seoul, “is my best picture of the ordeal of the civilian population in Korea - a family running down the stairs, a father holding a child, shooting Tanks. "These tanks fired from the North Koreans right along the street!"


The infantryman sleeps in his jeep, while the puppy squeals plaintively at his ear. Retreat from Chosin, December 1950 of the year


American soldiers walk past the bodies of fallen comrades during the retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir

“The first thing that comes to mind right now is when you look at these pictures again,” says Duncan. - Never, not a single American soldier looked back to look at what South Koreans are doing behind their backs. Infantrymen in Korea have never been afraid of "friendly fire" or artillery shelling, which was waged by the South Koreans, our allies. A completely different picture was later in Vietnam, when we fought together with the South Vietnamese. In contrast, Koreans could be trusted. ”


Soldiers on a halt after overcoming the “Nightmare Trail” mountain road during a retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir, December 1950


Marines follow a truck loaded with dead bodies during a retreat from the Chosinsky reservoir


Press photographer of the magazine LIFE David Duncan in Korea

The Korean War lasted about three years, from 25 on June 1950 of the year when North Korea attacked South, and to 27 of July 1953 of the year when UN Command, the North Korean army and the Chinese volunteers signed an armistice agreement. However, the South Korean president refused to sign this document, and this technically means that the war between North Korea and South Korea has not yet ended.

We appreciate the feat of Duncan and all military photojournalists, who, despite all the hardships and deprivations, forever capture moments of wars.

These moments help to understand what soldiers have to go through, what shocks to experience and what price to pay for it. This is war!

Materials used:
www.thebrigade.com
www.wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org
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  1. Приговор
    Приговор 18 January 2016 06: 44 New
    +6
    The history of the murders and wars of the hegemonic country throughout the world has been going on for more than a century. It's time to put an end to this. In the name of the rest of humanity.
    1. kit-kat
      kit-kat 18 January 2016 07: 42 New
      +4
      but does humanity deserve the future?
      1. jjj
        jjj 18 January 2016 13: 07 New
        10
        Great shots. The Americans in Korea are like two drops like the Germans near Moscow. The same expression on the eyes.
        There, under the picture, where the type of tanks are firing on the streets from the North Korean side, just American tanks are depicted on civilians
        1. St Petrov
          St Petrov 18 January 2016 18: 56 New
          +5
          like after pictures with tired and skinny American soldiers ... there was respect for them

          I know about napalms to villages and more, but they really conquered countries, more than one generation of Americans felt the simple and hard work of a warrior on their hump

          And now there are a lot of them, warrior. They shout, stand in lines for free food - but in the event of a boil she can smell everything that has passed and will pass again.

          Whatever ghouls I did not consider them - but they shed their blood not a little, and another's - even more. They fight a lot, not always successfully - but they carry out orders. And now I’ll think 10 times before writing a joke about Coca-Cola without which they refuse to fight

          That's what a competent photographer and the harsh conditions of a DB theater mean.

  2. qwert
    qwert 18 January 2016 07: 09 New
    +1
    Even the Americans are some goners ...
    1. WUA 518
      WUA 518 18 January 2016 07: 28 New
      17
      Quote: qwert
      Even the Americans are some goners ...

      About twenty days in the boiler, without supply, in winter the temperature is about -40, you won’t especially eat!
      1. blizart
        blizart 18 January 2016 10: 43 New
        10
        Allow once again to use the knowledge of members of the forum and specifically WUA 518 (3). In a large photo album of the Great Patriotic War (which I lost in my wanderings) edited by Chuikov, it seems in the section of the Battle of Stalingrad, there was a wonderful photo. Illustration of combat experience, so to speak. In the foreground, a young fighter in an overcoat, out of size, clutching his head in shoulders from fear, passes over the barbed wire, holding a trilinear like a club. In the background, he is covered by an unremarkable peasant, a nose with potatoes, boots like Oleg Popov's. But here is the look! So focused, wondering, the gait is both relaxed and firm. Looking closely, you note the fitted padded jacket, neat windings and the position of the PCA on the chest. In short, despite some comic image you understand an experienced warrior. The real one is not cinematic. So wonderful was the moment that did not go out of my head for many years. Annoyance takes due to the fact that he lost this album. Can anyone have this photo?
        1. blizart
          blizart 18 January 2016 12: 32 New
          13
          Yes, human memory is unreliable. I still found it myself, after a three-hour search, it seems this photo. It doesn’t match my description at all, my imagination worked in the absence of a photograph. Nevertheless, here he is the laborer of war.
          1. WUA 518
            WUA 518 18 January 2016 12: 55 New
            +4
            Quote: blizart
            I still found it myself, after a three-hour search,

            I also found, here is the link. By the way, a photo album is sold on the Internet. http://www.istmira.com/knigi-vtoraya-mirovaya-vojna/11/11/page/40/11/page/1/11/p

            age/2/11/page/3/11/page/4/11/page/5/11/page/6/11/page/7/11/page/8/11/page/9/11/p

            age/10/11/page/11/11/page/13/11/page/15/11/page/16/11/page/17/11/page/18/11/page

            /19/11/page/20/11/page/21/11/page/22/11/page/23/11/page/24/11/page/25/11/page/26

            /11/page/27/11/page/28/11/page/29/11/page/30/11/page/31/11/page/32/11/page/33/11

            /page/34/11/page/35/11/page/36/11/page/37/11/page/38/11/page/39/11/page/40/11/pa

            ge/1/11/page/2/11/page/3/11/page/4/11/page/5/11/page/6/11/page/7/11/page/8/11/pa

            ge/9/11/page/10/11/page/11/11/page/13/11/page/15/11/page/16/11/page/17/11/page/1

            8/11/page/19/11/page/20/11/page/21/11/page/22/11/page/23/11/page/24/11/page/25/1

            1/page/26/11/page/27/11/page/28/11/page/1/Velikaya-otechestvennaya-voyna-fotoalj

            bom.html
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              1. WUA 518
                WUA 518 18 January 2016 13: 09 New
                +4
                Quote: blizart
                Yes this is that album, my companion

                If you are planning to download more accurately, five links are infected with a virus.
        2. kumaxa
          kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 36 New
          0
          WAR !!! in the old chronicles looked. a lot of men who are taken home by many bearded from Berlin. the faces of grandfathers are wrinkled like a tarpaulin boot; it is understandable that the war is not young.
      2. kumaxa
        kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 28 New
        0
        and who said it would be easy. this is not SAIPAN not MARSHALOV ISLAND this is the FAR EAST. and not a bunch of hungry half-mad from the bombardment of japs.
  3. Shiva83483
    Shiva83483 18 January 2016 08: 16 New
    +6
    But why did they want shramamut and lysipine juice with bananas? Let Paulus be asked how it cooked in the boiler ..
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 24 New
      0
      Well, Vlasov identity could be asked.
  4. Leader
    Leader 18 January 2016 08: 38 New
    10
    What is the article about? How did the imperialist soldiers who brazenly invaded Korea defend “shit democracy” and carry “freedom” tight? So they need it!
    And this journalist - for money tried. And his photographs are about “poor American soldiers”, about their hardships. It’s cold to them, you see ... So let them sit at home!
    And why did this photographer not show the killed and mutilated inhabitants of Korea? According to some reports, about 3 million people died!
    Sorry, few aggressors died!
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 18 January 2016 16: 06 New
      +2
      Quote: Leader
      What is the article about? How did the imperialist soldiers who brazenly invaded Korea defend “shit democracy” and carry “freedom” tight? So they need it!

      Ummm ... actually, imperialist invasion of Korea It began when the Communists advancing in South Korea pressed American and South Korean forces in the Busan area to the sea.
      1. Allax
        Allax 18 January 2016 20: 12 New
        +1
        Class! Amer's invasion of Korea began after the Communists pressed American and South Korean forces to the sea!
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 19 January 2016 10: 44 New
          0
          Quote: Allax
          Class! Amer's invasion of Korea began after the Communists pressed American and South Korean forces to the sea!

          Exactly. American limited contingentsent on behalf of and on behalf of the UN after the start of the North Korean offensive to the aid of the South Caucasus, he was unable to delay the KPA attack - he was simply dared and thrown back to Busan. So, during the Daejeon operation, 24 pd sent from Japan to help the South Koreans was defeated, and its commander was captured.
          I had to arrange mobilization and conduct full-fledged army operations, such as landing in Incheon.
      2. kumaxa
        kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 18 New
        0
        not everything is so simple. The North Koreans worked ahead of schedule. If they had, the South Koreans + Yankee and the United Nations climbed first, then it’s as if the story was spinning and the tail was pressed to the Yukoryaks. yukoryakav states pumped in full. and drove to the northerners. hit comm. the cold war got hot. in 10 years this will happen again and almost there.
  5. George 275
    George 275 18 January 2016 08: 49 New
    +6
    Where de our photos of the second world marriage of Soviet people should be shown and written through what went the price of protecting my homeland and not the invaders where they do not belong.
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 09 New
      0
      well! Dear. On this site, I would say a sea of ​​various publications about our grandfathers-defenders. Just come often. and this article is about Americans. although I didn’t learn something new from this article
  6. igordok
    igordok 18 January 2016 08: 53 New
    +9
    I liked the MES Hospital series. It is clear that it was shot by the Americans and with a comedic bias, but the nightmare of the Korean War was visible in it.
    1. McLuha-MacLeod
      McLuha-MacLeod 18 January 2016 11: 52 New
      +2
      You haven’t seen porn yet based on Mesh!
    2. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 05 New
      0
      there the episode is the doctor helps the wounded partisan but he dies. the cores let him go but the dock returns and helps him bury his comrade.
  7. infantryman2020
    infantryman2020 18 January 2016 09: 33 New
    +4
    Quote: qwert
    Even the Americans are some goners ...


    Well, at least these 30 thousand in the boiler did not give up.
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 03 New
      0
      and if the supplies were surrendered, the wounded were transported by helicopters to them and they were evacuated as well. Even the shilka was not there.
  8. tacet
    tacet 18 January 2016 09: 34 New
    +3
    Photos of the retreating vividly reminded other shots of the beginning of 1943.
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 06: 00 New
      0
      Yes, especially the current ardena in 1944 and the same winter! Yankees don't like winter.
  9. nivander
    nivander 18 January 2016 09: 47 New
    12
    Is it war too?
    1. k174oun7
      k174oun7 18 January 2016 12: 43 New
      +7
      Typical Fascist behavior of the Yankee warrior: against the defenseless are white eagles, and in the presented photos they look like Germans near Stalingrad
      1. castle
        castle 18 January 2016 13: 23 New
        -7
        Did the great leader send the picture?
        If anything is to be shown, then it is also necessary to show the mountains of Korean civilian victims who were killed by the communist Koreans and Chinese, under the guidance of a "friend forever," the great Mao, with the help of Soviet "advisers" who were directly involved in the battles. And why were they killed? Because they did not feed the Chinese army. Saboteurs, they say! Aides of the imperialists! And they themselves had nothing to eat. Kimov’s army and the Chinese have already stolen everything. But still feed, and then to the wall. And then the brothers from the USSR arrived in time. And again the war. Panas are fighting, and at lackeys forelocks are cracking.
        Incidentally, in war, as in war. Everyone commits crimes, but the crimes of the UN and the USA in the Korean War are lost, against the background of what crimes the KIM-MAO thugs committed under the pretext of introducing into the people the ideas of the great Stalin about the happy future of all peoples. Although they put on Stalin. They wanted their own.
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    3. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 32 New
      0
      By the way, in the 38th parallel, there is a very similar episode. Someone who watched the film drowned. Then the eldest and leaned towards the red ones.
  10. elenagromova
    elenagromova 18 January 2016 09: 59 New
    +3
    Photos look interesting, the journalist did his job, but the war from the United States was unrighteous.
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 29 New
      0
      Yankees are like us. for their own, they used to tear themselves and the whole world before. we still today, but the Yankees are gone.
  11. made13
    made13 18 January 2016 10: 00 New
    -17
    The "star" shows programs about battles in the Korean war - the authors declare interventionists as UN troops, although Americans have no relation to the UN. So the story is written.
    1. tacet
      tacet 18 January 2016 10: 12 New
      15
      Here you are wrong. US troops had the UN mandate as a “peacekeeping contingent." On June 25, a UN Security Council was convened in New York, with the Korean issue on its agenda. The original resolution proposed by the Americans was adopted with nine votes in the absence of "against." The representative of Yugoslavia abstained, and the Soviet ambassador Jacob Malik boycotted the vote. According to other sources, the USSR did not participate in the vote on the Korean problem, since by that moment it had recalled its delegation. So the United States pushed through its resolution. In addition to the US troops in the contingent were (as usual) and their satellites (Canada, Australia, Great Britain and other countries. A total of 15 states sent their military contingents to Korea).
      1. kumaxa
        kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 37 New
        0
        and a bit later the whole et clique pressed into Vietnam and everything repeated. and again we had to rake ent.
  12. datur
    datur 18 January 2016 10: 51 New
    +1
    and by holiv they won all !!!!!!!
    wink
  13. Idiot
    Idiot 18 January 2016 11: 23 New
    +4
    In the photo there are tanks with white American stars and a comment about poor civilians on which tanks "from the North Koreans" shot along the streets, at the poor fellow.
    1. goblin xnumx
      goblin xnumx 18 January 2016 13: 52 New
      0
      rather, a wrong translation, there is still- "a UN contingent of 30000 soldiers was able to escape from 60000 Chinese soldiers surrounding them, it is considered a decisive battle for one simple reason: the superior allied forces were able to break through the enemy troops surrounding them,"
      1. kumaxa
        kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 42 New
        0
        it’s interesting in terms of technology and armament, the Yankees and others removing the United Nations were equipped with better anti-tank weapons of the superbase and they fired so that they jumped away. By the way, the Yankees in Koryakia also tested helicopters.
  14. Free wind
    Free wind 18 January 2016 14: 14 New
    +1
    A meaningless war, millions of victims, and the sense of O. Well, at least they did not use atomic weapons, although American generals demanded that they be used. There was even a training bombing with a fake atomic bomb. In fairness, the North Koreans started the war all the same. led by kim.
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 27 New
      0
      the provocation was as always. and Asians, the people are hot.
  15. Balagan
    Balagan 18 January 2016 16: 00 New
    +2
    Something did not understand a photograph with a running family. Are American tanks firing from the North Koreans?
    1. kumaxa
      kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 22 New
      0
      like that! beat your strangers afraid of something.
  16. Motop4uk
    Motop4uk 18 January 2016 17: 00 New
    +3
    1. I have not seen a single feature film about the Korean War with winter "landscapes."
    2. American soldiers are more like Germans near Stalingrad.
    1. Kombrig
      Kombrig 18 January 2016 18: 48 New
      0
      Quote: MOTOP4uk
      . I have not seen a single feature film about the Korean War with winter "landscapes."


      "38th parallel" hi
      1. kumaxa
        kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 24 New
        0
        there is a moment in the winter when the Koryak from the Yankees flew from the vats. they didn’t help them stop selling bazookas.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 19 January 2016 11: 18 New
      0
      Quote: MOTOP4uk
      2. American soldiers are more like Germans near Stalingrad.

      All lesions look the same. (with)
  17. Koshak
    Koshak 18 January 2016 17: 28 New
    0
    Once again, brave boys: nobody called you anywhere and doesn’t call you, all claims to tour operators. crying
  18. IrOqUoIs
    IrOqUoIs 18 January 2016 20: 31 New
    0
    Why the hell did you need the Yankees then - there, and now everywhere? Go home, not praise yourself. They are not worth it.
  19. kumaxa
    kumaxa 22 January 2016 05: 21 New
    0
    It’s not that we know how to fight well, but that we are fighting even worse. In 1944, the entich warrior Fritz-boys bent and pulled so shyly that the Allied command begged I.V. STALIN to start the operation if I’m not mistaken BAGRATION a month earlier. at the cost of the lives of our grandfathers, enti uriuki escaped from the boshes. I won’t print any more and so this attack in the ardennes was studied more than once and watched on TV in the Chinese they poured out a vigorous throw bamboo. Here they are the Chinese and broke it from the heart. Sow the day to bark at the vats and can.