Military Review

Contrary to the USA: China offers the EU its free trade zone

Contrary to the USA: China offers the EU its free trade zone

Euro-Chinese trade is not inferior to either Kimerike or Euro-Atlantic, but there is a serious argument in the hands of the White House - investment.

The visit of PRC Chairman Xi Jinping to the UK has revived European-Chinese contacts. A week later, Angela Merkel, and then Francois Hollande, came to the Celestial Empire. “China has become the key word in recent European diplomacy,” the Xinhua news agency proudly reports. For contracts signed in London for a total amount of € 60 billion, Berlin is responsible only for € 19 billion. Germany is concerned about structural changes in the Chinese economy. The PRC is moving from a mass-export model to a “consumer” one, relying on high-tech production and high social and environmental standards. Paris has pledged to monitor the execution of exhaust emission reduction tasks every five years.

The Financial Times registers a drop in the export of German cars on 5% in the most important sales market for them. Rising labor costs are a key problem for German industrialists. The Chinese authorities intend to withdraw 2 thousand Volkswagen vehicles due to environmental inconsistencies. By accepting the challenges, the FRG is trying to turn the momentary changes to its advantage. Beijing will use the German Industry 4.0 model to modernize and restructure industry. An agreement was reached on closer cooperation between the financial centers in Frankfurt and Shanghai.

The Chinese skillfully use the advantages of each of the EU members. In finance, the bet is made on London City, which will serve as a "springboard" for the yuan to enter the world market as another reserve currency. The PRC relies on British assistance to participate in the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD). The United Kingdom is the first of the “strongest” countries in Europe to join the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB), which already includes 15 EU countries. In trade, there is a noticeable momentum: in 12 years, China has risen from 9 to 6 in the role of the largest market in English exports. Chancellor of the Treasury, George Osborne, sets an ambitious goal: by 2025, China should become the second after the United States. China expert Sebastian Heilmann predicts a “strategic shift” in European-Chinese relations, where “London intercepts advantage from Berlin”.

The Celestial Empire places itself above the intra-European competition and is ready to approach the complex as much as possible, but also individually if necessary. No wonder Xi Jinping persuades the UK to maintain membership in the European Union. In September, the European Commission (EC) signed a declaration of intent on the “EU-ChinaConnectivityPlatform”, designed to coordinate Chinese (“One Belt, One Road”) and European (Trans-EuropeanTransportNetworkpolicy) infrastructure initiatives. On September 29, the Chinese government expressed its desire to participate in strategic investment projects in the EU proposed by the EC Chairman Jean-Claude Juncker.

На рынке капиталов, в отличие от товарного (товарооборот ежедневно равен €1 млрд), есть пространство для маневра. По статистике ЕК, лишь 2−3% всех европейских капиталовложений за рубежом направляются в Китай, еще меньше китайских прямых иностранных инвестиций (ПИИ) достигают Европы. Заключение полноценного соглашения по ПИИ — «сердцевина» совместной концепции «EU-China 2020 StrategicAgendaforCooperation». При всей масштабности общих проектов брюссельские эксперты все же не забывают о лидерстве. Euobserver предлагает ЕС навязать Китаю свои нормы в доступе к рынку, транспарентности и либерализации инвестиций, чтобы не жить «в мире, где правят китайские стандарты». Бывший президент Комиссии Романо Проди считает, что Брюссель должен откликнуться на предложения по «Новому шелковому пути», чтобы не оказаться на периферии проектов, осуществляемых по правилам «Срединного государства».

The source of disagreement can be not only "high" European standards, but also a geopolitical alignment, which is influenced by the so-called. "Atlantic solidarity". Two recent examples. October 31 The European Union supported the entry of US Navy ships into the waters of the South China Sea, regarding the action as “the exercise of the right to freedom of navigation”. And the second point: Brussels is not averse to the Gosdep method of direct communication with Hong Kong and Taiwan, bypassing Beijing. The European Commission set up investment negotiations with them. October 16, according to China Daily, the Chinese diplomatic mission to the EU “demanded respect for adherence to the one-China principle”. British sinologist Kerry Brown believes that political discrepancies are not dangerous, "the priority of the Chinese leadership is still economic growth." However, the Chinese themselves are increasingly thinking in strategic categories. Yang Xue Tong, dean of the leading Chinese University of Tsinghua, is convinced that without military alliances, China cannot become a leading world power. Compared with the Pentagon, whose number of allies reaches 60, China has the only alliance with Pakistan.

The United States hopes that “Atlantic solidarity” will continue not only in political matters. Their strategy is as follows: to prevent the economic ties of the EU and the PRC between themselves become closer than each of them with America. According to statistics from the United States Trade Representation (USTR) and the European Commission, the turnover between the EU and the US in goods (€ 517 billion) and services (€ 375 billion) is about € 900 billion. € 540 billion accounted for the goods. Sino-European business cooperation without FDI (€ 510 billion) is estimated at € 150 billion. For China, the EU is the main trading partner in the world. Mathematical facts prove that Euro-Chinese trade is not inferior to either Chimerica or Euro-Atlantic. True, in the hands of the White House there is an undeniable "trump card" - investment. While the Eurasian capital exchange does not exceed 519 billion, huge flows are circulating between the Old and the New World - € 150 trillion (!) In 3,2.

World SocialistWebSite пишет, что США используют договоры о зоне свободной торговли (ЗСТ) с Европой (TTIP) и Азией (TPP) для «изоляции Китая». Последний «под растущим экономическим и военным нажимом США решительно повернулся в сторону Европы». Кого же выберет Европейский Союз? Newsweek выражает американские тревоги: «Если США и Европа не договорятся по торговому пакту, то выиграет Китай», получающий право «устанавливать свои коммерческие правила». Даунинг-стрит лоббируют ЗСТ с китайцами, раздражая Овальный Кабинет. Барак Обама обвиняет британцев в политике «постоянных одолжений» китайским властям. Присоединение Лондона к АБИИ расценивается как вызов Всемирному банку. Утешение для «янки» все же есть. Меркель избегает фритрейдерства с Поднебесной, дав понять, что «такое соглашение интенсифицирует конфликт с правительством США». «Торговая война» Пекина и Вашингтона разворачивается не только в Европе, но и на просторах Азии. Проводив канцлера ФРГ, 2 ноября китайский премьер поспешил в Сеул, чтобы принять участие в трехстороннем саммите с коллегами из Японии и Южной Кореи.
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  1. venaya
    venaya 7 November 2015 06: 57 New
    China places itself above intra-European competition
    US uses Free Trade Area Agreements (FTAs) with Europe (TTIP) and Asia (TPP) to “isolate China”

    We would have such agility, which the Chinese arranged. The Americans released the Chinese gin, now let them try to shove it back.
  2. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 7 November 2015 07: 14 New
    Китай-хитрая "бестия" и умная. Как показывает ход китайской истории, Китай всегда стремился не военным путем поработить окружающие его государства , а подчинить экономически. И это не от того, что китайцы "мирный" народ, наоборот, китайцы, как и все азиаты, крайне жестоки и агрессивны, но они еще и умны и как и все азиаты умеют контролировать свои чувства и эмоции и всегда поступают с точки зрения прагматизма и выгоды для себя. Потому они в своей истории старались торговлей укрепить связи с соседями, сделать их экономически зависимыми от себя и затем уже подчинить политически. Какой смысл воевать с соседом, разрушать его экономику, а потом держать на его территории окупационную армию для борьбы с обозленным народом *как делает СЩА), когда гораздо проще и выгоднее, вести торговлю и постепенно захватить рынок соседа и купив его знать управлять этой страной.
    1. Oleg14774
      Oleg14774 7 November 2015 16: 51 New
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      As the course of Chinese history shows, China has always sought, not by military means, to enslave the states surrounding it

      As the course of Chinese history showed, they were first under the yoke of Japan, then England. China snatched lyuley from Vietnam and from all and sundry. Therefore, you, dear, took this tirade from the rewritten history of China by the Jesuits.
      Yes, China has impaired pride, which many countries have bent over and they want to recoup. Talking with one Chinese, he once said: You Russians have always been a great power. You only bent over the past 25 years. But getting up from your knees after and proudly raising your head after 25 years of humiliation is much easier than after centuries of humiliation. Moreover, you Russians really have something to be proud of from their history! From myself I will add the Great Russian History!
      1. yuriy55
        yuriy55 7 November 2015 18: 42 New
        Chinese history goes back in time. They have monuments and attractions. It is amazing how, after decades of opium persecution, the population has found the strength to revive the nation. And to praise the other, to admire his wisdom, they (the Chinese) will, for a reason, seem naive and narrow-minded. Although this, as life shows, is only the outer shell. We can only guess about their true intentions ... Such is the Asian nature.

        I like the way they, having secured support and friendly relations with Russia, are slowly slipping around both the States and Europe in economic terms.
      2. Monster_Fat
        Monster_Fat 8 November 2015 06: 06 New
        Yours, dear, it seems, the history of China begins only from the 1800s, AD ...
  3. Grbear
    Grbear 7 November 2015 07: 18 New
    С одной стороны хорошо, что китайцы раскалывают транс-атлантику. Это нож для юсеров (стервятник давно готовит Европу "на покушать"). Но с другой, пока Россия дерется со всеми подряд, Китай расширяет свое финансовое присутствие в Европе. Повод для размышлений what .

    It’s bad that Putin doesn’t have someone like LavroShoigu in the government. hi
    1. yuriy55
      yuriy55 7 November 2015 18: 47 New
      It’s bad that Putin doesn’t have someone like LavroShoigu in the government.

      They are - the Government, you wanted to say in the economy?

      In order for good seedlings to appear, weeds must be torn out with roots, cultivated and fertilized with soil ... hi
  4. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 7 November 2015 07: 18 New
    The Chinese skillfully use the advantages of each member of the European Union.

    What I sincerely wish for our country.
  5. Federal
    Federal 7 November 2015 07: 50 New
    Cheapness and 100% copying of analogues of world brands, this is the way to the most profitable production. What did the Chinese themselves create or invent? I think that few will give convincing and evidence-based examples of their inventions.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 7 November 2015 14: 35 New
      Quote: Federal
      What did the Chinese themselves create or invent? I think that few will give convincing and evidence-based examples of their inventions.

      Federal! Go to the wiki or academician, or rather just hit the search engine: inventions made in China and you will be shocked. In the meantime, just a glance: gunpowder, rockets, porcelain, paper, silk, tea, a compass.
  6. cniza
    cniza 7 November 2015 12: 47 New
    Quote: rotmistr60
    The Chinese skillfully use the advantages of each member of the European Union.

    What I sincerely wish for our country.

    While we are lagging behind or not really want, we need another government - a government of professionals.
  7. MAKK75
    MAKK75 7 November 2015 14: 57 New
    Hah, is China an independent country? Nothing of the kind, the US will never repay the debts to them, and they themselves are a mean country under a western cap.
  8. sieras
    sieras 7 November 2015 15: 28 New
    Yeah, free trade. they will buy 1 copy in Europe and sell back 1 cheap fakes.