There was no nail - the horseshoe was gone.
There was no horseshoe - the horse limped.
The horse limped - the commander was killed.
The cavalry is broken - the army is running.
The enemy enters the city, not sparing the captives,
Because there was no nail in the smithy.
(S. MARSHAK, "Nail and Horseshoe")
In the army, the "nails" are artillery shells, and no matter how much they bury the artillery, it remains the "god of war." Evidence of this - all the wars and armed conflicts of our time. And because the shells should be enough to confront the likely opponent.
And in the shell industry this “nail” is TNITI. The state put it aside as useless and ruined, the state should return to life, because an urgent need has arisen. Without the most drastic measures, the institute will not survive the winter. But God forbid, these measures will be market. Not the case!
That's why I decided on this open letter. What if they publish it. Yes, read it Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin or Sergei Kuzhugetovich Shoigu, or both together. I don’t even dream of Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, although his question concerns most of all. We are talking about as much as the security of the country, the fate of those who managed to become famous tanks "Armata", the shell industry and the unique shell institute TNITI, which is living out its last days.
I have just returned from the meeting of shareholders of TNITI, where the question of the early resignation of the director was decided. When he reported to the team, he asked: what does he think about the prospects of the once powerful shell institute and production, designed to provide plants for the industry with new technologies, machines and non-standard equipment?
Surprisingly nothing intelligible said! But after, in order to get out of the crisis, I suggested reducing the number of workers, of which there was absolutely nothing left, and to rent out the last production space, I was no longer willing to ask, and I signed up for the dismissal. Naive! In conditions when several people who have the lion's share of shares decide everything, voting is a fiction. The director remained to complete the last act of our tragedy, stretching for twenty-five years.
But is this our only tragedy? I'll start "from the stove." Is everything okay with the project called “Armat”? I am not a tanker and I am not going to blaspheme a tank, perhaps, indeed, the best in the world. But in his gear case, as they say, he ate the dog. Thirty-six years engaged in the technology of mechanical processing of artillery shells and I know in detail what the mass production of ammunition.
However, in order. In accordance with the plans, before the 2020 of the year it is planned to adopt the Armata 2300 tanks, not counting the vehicles on its platform. Uralvagonzavod intends to manufacture 500 units per year. "Armata" is equipped with a 125-mm cannon with new BPS (armor-piercing-sifting projectiles) "Vacuum-1" is much longer than the existing ones. In addition, it was stated that this is a temporary solution and on the approach of the 152-mm gun, the shells of which “will burn the meter of steel”. And thus the tank for many years will become out of reach for competitors. Hearing this, I perk up, imagining how much work we have to do. They say that a shell institute will finally be in demand. It was not there.
Rosatom was entrusted with the development and production of new shells. Their tests, apparently, have already been conducted at the test site of the Nizhny Tagil Metal Testing Institute. At first, I wondered why NIMI, the developer of Soviet artillery shells, with whom TNITI as a technological institute was used to working in pairs, does not participate. But then I remembered that the 152-mm "body" is the smallest in which a tactical nuclear charge is placed, and stopped perplexing.
Does Rosatom do or make a normal projectile? In the end, he can always invite developers from the same THEM. But what next?
Who and where they will produce, if the shell production is destroyed almost to the ground? For "Armat", passed on Red Square 9 in May, they can be made "on the knee", and for the whole "Armada"? Not to mention the fact that Rosatom has never engaged in the mass production of ammunition, and this is not such a simple matter as it may seem to laymans.
I am afraid that the shells made by the corporation will come out truly "golden." But isn't that the secret meaning of the transfer of a giant order to Kiriyenko? Everywhere and everywhere defense orders are considered the most profitable. And here it is also so “lucky”: the shell industry in the deepest crisis, barely breathes.
The production of artillery shells in my memory has already turned out to be in a similar position, according to the reforms of Nikita Khrushchev, who defeated the domestic artillery, and at the same time our industry. Is it possible to explain how we can destroy and take away? In the 1966 year, when a shell institute was organized in Tula, we had to start from scratch.
And by 1990, it was a truly unique institute with its machine-tool production with a capacity of up to 150 machine tools per year, as well as electroplating, paintwork, assembly lines, control devices. In short, non-standard equipment throughout the production cycle of ammunition - from billet to finish. 3500 workers, a branch of the Polytechnic Institute. Prepared their engineering and scientific personnel. Forty candidates of technical sciences exclusively from their employees.
And today we must begin with this. At the former shell plants a lot of free space, but the equipment is worn to the limit. In the 1985 year, we were going to completely replace it by the year 2000. You can imagine what his age is today, if not scrapped, sold, or taken apart for parts.
Maybe someone thinks to buy abroad? And the sanctions? Machines for slug production neither America nor Europe will not sell! Look at what machine tool plant put "Gildemeister" in Ulyanovsk - ECOLINE for someone, maybe good, but the "body" of the shells can not do them. Besides, judging by the fact that 1000 machines will make 200 workers, this is a screwdriver assembly.
How to convey to those on whom the defense capability and security of the state depend, that, before it is too late, it is necessary to restore TNITI at least in the former Soviet dimensions? Buy equipment for it, cherish it. There is no other way!
Dear Dmitry Olegovich Rogozin has visited Tula more than once and has never looked into TNITI. Would he consider it a labor to visit a long-suffering defense institute in his next visit? And you can also come specially, otherwise the poor fellow will not live - and there will be nothing to watch.
Honorly, he can’t do anything of what he did before — three hundred people, of whom nearly a hundred workers, not an army. We are talking about walls, factory buildings and traditions! If Moscow wants to revive shell production in Russia, it is impossible to do without a technological institute with a powerful machine-tool production.
Why not start the revival of the industry with TNITI? In Tula, you can still find specialists - “Tula has forged weapons for centuries!” But is it not possible to start in the same bare place? Someone will say: why not? The more money you spend, the more you can put in your pocket. And if the state? It was not for nothing that Tula was chosen as the location of the leading institute of the ammunition industry. There are no problems with specialists, because there is a polytechnic institute, which is closely connected with the defense industry. And before the machine-tool plants, which ordered equipment for the industry, located mainly in the Urals and Siberia, are within reach. In addition to the slugging machines, many others were needed - artillery shells do not consist of the same "hulls". By the way, we were engaged not only with shells, but with “melee combat”, and NURSs, and aerial bombs, and mines, a lot of things ...
In the meantime, we didn’t set up our own plant, we went to Leningrad for the shell machines, and then to Krasnodar, where we organized the production of the KM-816 and KM-817 machines developed by our designers. But what to say, ordering equipment for my plants, I traveled all over the European part of the Union: Kiev, Kharkov, Melitopol, Minsk, Vitebsk, Krasnodar, Leningrad, Ryazan, Moscow, Klin, Yegoryevsk, Saratov, Kuibyshev, Penza, Voronezh, Zhytomyr ... All The geography of the deceased machine tool industry at a glance! Some do not, and those are far away!
Dear A.A. Kallistov writes: “... in the USA, when modernizing the ammunition industry, in order to increase the efficiency of its operation on the basis of state-owned factories and enterprises (not operated by private firms), six head technology centers were established to develop, manufacture and improve the production technology of certain groups of ammunition and their components ”(“ Problem issues of innovative development of the industry of ammunition and special chemistry ”,“ Armament and economy ”, №1, 2013).
But after all, this is TNITI as it became at the peak of its development by the year 1991! Survived, Ph.D. and academician, who has worked all his life in the industry, is forced to refer to the United States, which in our time was trudging behind the back of the USSR, Germany and almost the whole of Europe ...
Kallistov continues: “In Soviet times, one of the most important components of the ammunition industry was its own machine-tool construction and design on this basis of technological chains of factories producing ammunition that satisfied modern progressive technologies and with the least labor costs allowed to produce the necessary amount of ammunition ... Unfortunately, our own machine tool industry in the ammunition industry in our country does not exist (and how much nkostroeniya and in the whole country - South), but because of the virtual absence of orders for the production of ammunition and their meager amounts involved in their production of frames required
there are no qualifications, as a rule. ” And where will they come from, if “only MGTU im. Bauman has a full-fledged department, training ammunition "?
Will graduates of this department go, for example, to the Upper Tour? And maybe they will go to Tula. Tula Technical University has not trained for a long time its personnel. Although it could.
The need to re-establish TNITI in its previous form, I argued in my speech at the meeting of shareholders. In addition to the director, there were two main shareholders on the presidium, representatives of Russian Technologies (or Rostec - I was already confused!) And the Magistral shopping center, which occupies most of our administrative building. It is clear that the merchant shells to the bulb. But after all, Rostec can not be relied on! Did the representative understand what I was talking about? Judging by the fact that he offered us to go to Vladikavkaz to deal with ferroalloys, it is unlikely. People asked: it turns out, do not need a shell institute? Presidium hesitated, it turned out - not needed. I had to make a statement: I need it more than ever!
Okay, I, Candidate of Technical Sciences, who has worked in the industry for thirty-six years, is the author of a number of inventions on the ammunition theme, among which, by the way, is the original technology of mechanical processing of the “shells” of the very 152-mm artillery shells that millions will need for “Armat” , for him not authority. Maybe he will listen to the full member RARAN A.A. Kallistovu? Or is his opinion not interested in Rostec?
I remember how in the nineties, in the euphoria of perestroika, which gave such evil fruits, TNITI wanted to reorient to completely alien products. Then the old, still Soviet, director invited the governor, led the workshops, said that he was an institute, what a unique phenomenon. There was still something to show.
But Starodubtsev can be explained - according to the Soviet skill, Vasily Aleksandrovich got used to listening, will it be possible to interpret officials from Rostec?
It would seem that everything is simple: 25 took care of TNITI enclosures for years until they were in demand. And this day has finally come. And what, again prefer to start from scratch, in Rosatom or somewhere else? Only not where the walls and traditions have survived!
State money is not a pity? If you revive the ammunition industry, the main expenditures are capital. It is foolish to restore the Institute of Technology with the production of sludge machines elsewhere. How many of our specialists, without waiting, ran up to Tula enterprises! There will be work, money will come - many will return. Yes, take me though ...
Rereading the lines, I find myself looking at it, do I not look funny? Some of my former colleagues perceived my attempts to reach the very top. Well, Tula Lefty was also funny, crying on his deathbed: “Tell the sovereign that the guns are not cleaned with a brick!” Well, they didn’t clean it!
Is it afraid to look ridiculous if the case is public?