Military Review

High school under threat! "Internationalization" of education entails serious problems

38
In the modern world, the position of a particular state in the global economy, culture, and, accordingly, in politics, is largely determined by how effectively the educational system functions. In recent decades, human capital has become the most valuable resource, the disposal of which “by mind” guarantees the country economic prosperity and comprehensive strengthening of positions at the world level. It is well aware of the leadership of all developed countries of the world, considering the field of education as strategically important for the development and strengthening of the potential of the state.


Bologna process and Russia

The educational reforms initiated in the Russian Federation at the end of the 1990s were formally focused on raising the level, quality and relevance of Russian education on a global scale, thus contributing to raising the country's prestige in international politics. Ideologists of the reform of Russian education emphasized that the need to modernize the activities of domestic higher and secondary educational institutions was caused by the need for Russia’s fuller integration into the world community, including in the field of education. It was during this period that the idea of ​​the world educational space as a kind of “service market” spread, in which specific states and educational institutions freely compete with each other, attracting students, teachers, and scientists with more favorable study and work conditions, higher quality teaching and research. Naturally, the Russian state was given the task of increasing the competitiveness of the system of domestic higher and secondary education on a global scale. Prospective success of the Russian Federation in economics, science and technology, culture and art was associated with the solution of this task. However, the reality turned out to be much farther from the bright prospects that the advocates of reforming the education system drew.

High school under threat! "Internationalization" of education entails serious problems


Back in 2012, the State Duma of the Russian Federation adopted the Federal Law “On Education”, which enshrines the further integration of the Russian education system into the world educational space. As you know, from the beginning of the 2000's. Russian higher education is being reformed in accordance with the principles of the Bologna process. The Bologna process, as a matter of fact, sets the task of integrating the educational systems of individual European states into a single educational space. At the heart of the desire to integrate the education systems of Europe, there were initially two goals: ensuring the further construction of a “united Europe” and increasing the competitiveness of European education systems compared to the United States and Japan. That is, the adjustment of European universities to the principles of the Bologna process was carried out not only to improve the education system itself, but also to strengthen the political and economic positions of the European Union. It is known that the only worthy rivals of the EU countries in economic and cultural terms are currently the USA and a number of the most developed countries in East Asia (Japan, South Korea, and more recently, China). In the Russian Federation, the implementation of the Bologna process program in the field of education initially set itself the following tasks: to improve the overall quality of educational services provided, to orient the higher and secondary vocational education to practice, to increase the mobility of students, researchers and teachers, to unify the qualifications and degrees awarded, so that they can be freely quoted abroad, form a credit system for education (On the model of European countries).

Internationalization of education

The desire to increase the mobility of students and teachers was caused by the ongoing processes of globalization. Economic globalization provides for employment opportunities in foreign and transnational corporations. Accordingly, not only the labor market is internationalized, but also the educational services market. In the Middle Ages, roving students moved across Europe, and today “mobile” students, graduate students and teachers can easily change one country of study or work to another, entering into contracts and moving from university to university. Another thing is that Russian higher educational institutions do not yet have attractiveness for the majority of foreign students and, especially, teachers. This unattractiveness is explained more likely not by the low quality of the education provided, but by the insufficient financing of educational institutions, the lack of a developed material and technical base, and the unsatisfactory organization of the social sphere. Therefore, more prosperous and promising students - not only from developed countries, but also from “third world” countries, do not go to Russia, but prefer to receive education in the USA or Western European countries, even if there is higher prices for educational services. It is doubtful that the reforms of Russian education will lead to a sudden and sharp increase in its popularity among students from other states. Moreover, in the form in which they are carried out. The internationalization of education leads to the loss of the rich national traditions of higher education, which, although it did not fit into the framework of “European standards”, has been preparing excellent, highly qualified specialists for over a century. However, to please “integration into the global educational space”, today there is a gradual destruction of the existing methods and mechanisms of education, which took shape over seven decades of existence of the Soviet Union and go back to the pre-revolutionary era.


Most foreign students arrive in Russia from third world countries.

According to supporters of the reform of Russian education, “integration into the global educational space” should be followed by improving the quality of Russian education, ensuring its accessibility to wide sections of the population, and increasing the openness of the Russian education system, and occupying worthy positions in the global educational market. As is known, first of all, in accordance with the principles of the Bologna system, the transition to a two-tier model of higher education was carried out in Russian higher educational institutions. Officially, this step was explained by the need to recognize Russian higher education diplomas in European countries. Since there is a two-tier system of higher education in European states, Russian specialist diplomas raised numerous questions among staff of personnel services and educational institutions, that is, they directly hampered Russian applicants and job seekers. After all, European personnel services focused on working with bachelors or masters could not always make the right conclusion about how to use a particular specialist, where to send him to work - to a position requiring the qualification of a bachelor or master. Now there is a bachelor’s and master’s degree in universities, whereas previously there was only a specialty and institutions of higher professional education graduated from the category of specialists. In 2013, the updated Federal Law “On Education” entered into force, according to which a three-tier model of higher education was officially entrenched in Russia - bachelor’s, master’s and postgraduate training of highly qualified personnel. At the same time, the traditional for Russia academic degrees of the candidate and the doctor of science are still preserved, although the standards of the Bologna system do not provide for the existence of the degree of candidate of science and, accordingly, Russian candidates may have difficulty recognizing their degree abroad. But the correspondence of diplomas and degrees is far from the only and, unfortunately, not the main problem facing the national education system. Modernization changes in the life of Russian higher education have led to the emergence of a number of serious problems and contradictions, which, as the educational reform continues to deepen, only grow and give rise to new problems.

Reduction of professors - a blow to universities

First, we are talking about the reduction of higher education institutions. For some reason, this reduction in administrative circles is called optimization, an increase in the efficiency of universities, although it is obvious even to a non-professional that it is impossible to improve the efficiency of universities, dismissing the most qualified part of the teaching staff - professors. On the contrary, the dismissal of professors will inevitably be followed by a decline in the overall quality of teaching. If teachers without a scientific degree or candidates of science are considered to be more high-quality specialists than doctors of science, then what is this about? Why then do the whole hierarchy of academic degrees and titles? It seems that the real reason for this “optimization” due to the reduction of professorial rates and the number of professors in universities is the notorious saving of money. It is easier to dismiss three professors, for the salary of one of them, leaving three assistant professors or senior teachers, who, in addition, will take on the teaching load for two more laid-off ones, than paying a high salary to professors. But after all, the educational institution itself suffers from the implementation of such a model. Suffer students who do not receive high-quality knowledge and will not be able, subsequently, to find a job in their specialty or to fully perform their duties in the workplace. Of course, no one speaks openly about reductions in universities. Employees of higher educational institutions simply “do not spend” on competitions, after which they refuse to enter into a contract with “teachers who have not passed the competition”. There are many ways to refuse to extend the contract - and one of them is connected with the notorious “internationalization of education”. This is a mandatory requirement to have publications in foreign languages ​​in foreign journals. At first glance, this is a necessary thing, because publications in foreign journals raise the rating of Russian education on a global scale. Sort of. But in fact? Why should a professor or an associate professor (conventionally) of the Uryupinsky Institute for the Freedom of Engineering have publications in British or French journals? Is it possible that without graduate publications in English or French, its graduates will not be able to build fences in their native Uryupinsk?


Who will prepare school teachers for rural areas in the event of the closure of provincial pedagogical universities?

The task of the Russian state in the first place should not be the internationalization of education, but the provision of the country's basic needs for specialists - doctors, engineers, teachers, accountants, lawyers, and so on. For this, in the Soviet times, an extensive system of higher educational institutions was created, which trained skilled workers for various branches of the economy, science and culture. In the 1990s, despite the economic difficulties experienced by the Russian state, higher education was in a much better position than it is now. The number of educational institutions, the number of students grew. Even if not all of the graduates of high schools received the opportunity of employment in their specialty, but they acquired certain knowledge and skills. On the other hand, a huge number of Russian citizens were employed in the education system - and this concerns not only the faculty of universities, but also numerous service personnel, including junior-level technical specialists. After all, chemical, physical, technical faculties, medical institutes are difficult to imagine without technical workers, laboratory assistants. Under the conditions of modern “optimization”, all of them are sent “to the street”. Of course, someone will be lucky to get a job in their specialty, but after all, most of the dismissed will most likely leave the education system. And then what? Deprofessionalization? Regular salespeople, taxi drivers, handymen with higher education diplomas and even Ph.D. degrees who compete with people from former Soviet republics?

In fact, the reduction of universities in the interests of improving their "efficiency" is a very dangerous undertaking. Far from all Russian universities need international recognition - at least, simply because of the specifics of the staff they prepare. The province has a large number of pedagogical, medical, agricultural, technical higher educational institutions that train specialists for specific areas of the economy. In these universities, there is also a faculty who cope with their responsibilities for the training of teachers of provincial schools, doctors, agronomists, engineers, veterinarians, and so on. Does it make sense to load teachers with additional responsibilities and require them to comply with international standards? Indeed, in the event of the dismissal of these teachers, there will be no one to train teaching, medical, engineering and technical personnel for the province. Accordingly, we will see reductions in the number of schools, clinics and hospitals, and the aggravation of the outflow of labor resources from the province, since more or less active and young teachers will not move to other areas of activity, but rather leave small cities and rush to the capital. Another companion to reduce universities will be the increase in unemployment, including the number of unemployed high-skilled professionals, such as university professors. In the context of the constant statements of the top leaders of the Russian state about the need for infrastructure development in rural areas, increasing the birth rate and improving the quality of human life in modern Russia, aimed at weakening the higher education system in the provinces, the events look, to say the least, strange. In fact, they are wrecking, aimed at undermining the economy and, consequently, the national security of the Russian state.

As the academician, professor, doctor of pedagogical sciences Sergey Komkov notes, “In 2014, the crisis in the system of higher professional education continued. We are witnessing its actual destruction today. The so-called ratings of the leading universities of the country and the definition of "performance criteria" of their activities, invented by the Ministry of Education and Science and Rosobrnadzor, led to a massive closure of regional universities that trained industry professionals at the regional level. All this happened against the background of the ongoing process of destruction of the system of primary and secondary vocational education. (Komkov S. “We were all taught a little bit” // http://www.regnum.ru/news/society/1881456.html).

University becomes a “slave to the market”

The second most important problem that the so-called Russian higher education system poses for the Russian "Modernization" is the subordination of universities to the interests of the market. In the public consciousness, with the help of the media and some representatives of the faculty of Russian universities, the idea of ​​the education system as a “market of services” is fixed, although in reality the education system is not a “market”, but an important state institution that should be regulated and controlled by the state, not by market laws. A number of specialties may have little demand on the labor market, especially at the international level, but this does not mean that they should stop training specialists. There are basic professions that are the core of the culture of the state - for example, the profession of a librarian or a museum worker, low-paid and, by and large, low-profile. But to abandon libraries and museums is to abandon your culture and storiesTherefore, the preservation of the state itself requires the preservation of relevant specialties in universities, even if they are exclusively subsidized, not fully staffed, and do not show any serious success on a global scale. A number of specialties should be prepared by the state, despite their “popularity” and demand in the international labor market. First of all, these include employees of social infrastructure, industry, agriculture. Of course, there is nothing wrong with the fact that universities are oriented today to the training of specialists demanded by the economy. But it is the task of the state to organize control over universities with the aim of preventing their complete subordination to commercial interests, turning universities into preparatory institutions for specific corporations.

Olga Chetverikova, associate professor of MGIMO, asserts that “the current reformation is due to the struggle to ensure the competitiveness of universities, the battle for finances. If an educational institution wants to receive the appropriate funding, it must adjust to these new requirements. And as a result, the purpose of training is not the formation of a developed, educated person, but the training of narrow specialists who are able, in a timely manner, like managers, to respond to a particular reality, need and, accordingly, to be integrated into the management system that we have: corporate or state . Basically, of course, the reformation is aimed at the corporate governance system, to the extent that departments are created, funded by separate business structures, which for four years prepare the people they need. And such a person would hardly be able to choose activities in a different area, since he was used to thinking in a certain way ”(O. Chetverikova. The transition of theological schools to the Bologna system is a serious blow to theological education // http://www.blagogon.ru/) .

For the higher education system, following the labor market environment is quite ungrateful. After all, 4-6 years get higher education in Russia. This is quite a long time, during which the demand for certain professions may fall or even disappear altogether. Accordingly, entering the market demand specialty, 17-year-old applicants have no idea whether he will be employed in several years, when in 22-23, he comes to the personnel department of a corporation or institution. The high dynamism inherent in both the economy and the culture of modern society leads to rapid changes in the scale of priorities, including in the field of higher education. Therefore, in this case, it makes sense not so much the concentration of higher education institutions on the market demand specialties, as the reduction of the term of training in a number of areas. Where professional responsibilities require specific skills that can be learned in an 2-3 year of study, it makes no sense to keep a student in high school for five or six years. During this time, the profession may lose its popularity, and the student will lose the years of his life to acquire a specialty not in demand in the labor market. Short-term and long-term courses, colleges with two-year and three-year studies are the best way out of the situation, allowing you to respond quickly enough to changes in the labor market and build up an educational policy in accordance with them. Adaptation of the fundamental faculties to the needs of the labor market only negatively affects the quality of education, the motivation of students. Moreover, it leaves those specialties in a losing position that cannot exist without funding and organizational support from the state, and this is practically all areas of the humanitarian profile, plus a considerable part of the natural science and exact disciplines.
The problem of “brain drain” is closely related to the “internationalization” of education. As is known, over the past two decades, hundreds of thousands of young and promising specialists with high qualifications in various fields have left Russia. Physicists, biologists, chemists, doctors, unclaimed at home, were necessary in the United States of America, the countries of Western and Eastern Europe, in China. They were attracted, first of all, by more profitable salaries, as well as working conditions, significantly different from Russian ones. Now that the state has transferred education to the Bologna model, eliminating, thereby, the differences between domestic and European levels of higher education, the task of further emigration of Russian specialists abroad has actually become easier. If before many of them had concerns about the relevance of Russian higher education diplomas or degrees in other states, now the diplomas are reduced to a single model. It means that the process of finding a job and studying in foreign corporations, educational institutions, research organizations has become much easier.

Strange as it may seem, but for some reason, the “higher efficiency” of Russian education is promoted by a general decline in the quality of knowledge of graduates of Russian universities. The implications of the introduction of the Unified State Examination of the Russian higher education are being cleared up right now - a large number of applicants have passed to universities, who could hardly have passed the entrance exams prior to the introduction of the Unified State Exam. But when they get to higher educational institutions, students face overloaded and tired teachers, with the administration, which focuses on organizing events, sports competitions and student participation in public events. At the same time, it becomes difficult to deduct students for academic failure, since the number of students and the number of defenders of diplomas also affects the teacher's rating. The staff of higher educational institutions say that the representatives of the administration during the session simply force them to affix satisfactory marks to almost all students, regardless of their real progress and level of knowledge.

Without education - nowhere

Another extremely serious problem is the loss of the educational functions of national education in the process of its modernization. For a long time, it was educational institutions that assumed a significant part of the functions of educating the younger generations, sharing educational functions with official youth organizations. After the dissolution of the Komsomol, the Russian state was never able to form a viable youth organization whose activities would cover a significant part of the Russian youth. All attempts to create youth structures focused on supporting the government’s course ended in failure. “Walking Together”, “Ours”, “Young Russia” could not unite and, even more so, engage in any systematic activity any significant number of young people - both in the capital and in provincial cities and rural areas.


only a qualified teacher will raise real children from the children

Accordingly, in the absence of a developed youth policy of the state, the only institution capable of performing educational functions (we will not consider the armed forces now - this is purely about the civilian segment of society) left educational institutions - schools, colleges and lyceums, institutes, universities, academies. However, in the institutions of higher professional education, the educational component gradually disappeared, which was the result of the adoption of pragmatic principles as the main guideline for the development of Russian higher education. In modern Russia, higher education is oriented towards the training of specialists who possess certain knowledge and skills and are in demand in the domestic and world labor markets. Up to the present, at a certain level, Russian universities have coped with this task, but for the sake of pragmatic interests, little attention has been paid to the implementation of the educational functions of the Russian education. The majority of Russian students “fell out” from the educational influence of the state, which immediately affected the value system, behavior and ideology of many young people and girls. After all, the lack of educational policy towards young people inevitably entails the spread of social deviations among young people, which can take an asocial form in the form of alcoholism, drug addiction and substance abuse, gambling, and an active antisocial form, manifested in the commission of crimes, in joining aggressive youth subcultures or radical and extremist organizations. The sensational history of the Moscow student Vari Karaulova is one of the most typical examples of the negative consequences of the loss of educational institutions by higher education institutions. Modern teachers are important that the student more or less tolerably studied, and what are his values, what he is interested in and does, the teaching staff is of the least interest today.

In the national classical educational tradition, the main goal was not only vocational training of the student, but also the formation of a “whole person”, a comprehensively developed person who, in addition to certain knowledge, would also have relevant moral and ethical qualities. This model was the basis of the educational policy of the Soviet state. The education of the student was regarded as an equally important function of education than his training. “Become people” of youth were helped by higher and secondary educational institutions, whose teaching staff was, in fact, educators of the younger generations. Thus, in contrast to the pragmatically oriented western education system, Russian education has always been distinguished by a humanistic orientation. The humanistic paradigm determined the development of the higher education system in the Soviet period and it was she who laid the foundation for the organization of the educational process to study not only professional, but also general developing disciplines, first of all - philosophy and national history. In 1990-s. the humanitarian component in higher education was even more strengthened - now even the future “techies” studied not only philosophy, but also sociology, psychology, other social and humanitarian subjects (depending on the specifics of a particular university). Today, the educational functions of universities are practically not implemented, and what university administrations call educational work is rather its profanation, performed for reporting and creating a positive image of a higher education institution. After all, various student organizations formed on the initiative of university administrations have no influence on the bulk of students, but are small groups of careerists who use them as an initial step towards the subsequent ascent of the career ladder in the education system or youth policy. Educational functions of educational institutions, by and large, are preserved only in educational institutions of law enforcement agencies.

The internationalization of education, carried out in the interests of Russia's integration into the “world educational space”, will inevitably entail further pragmatization of the higher education system. Meanwhile, the adoption of a pragmatic paradigm as a defining vector for the development of the higher education system poses a direct danger to the security of the country in terms of the “brain drain”, which has already been mentioned above. After all, the pragmatic paradigm directs students to search for the most highly paid jobs, orients them to the acquisition of specific knowledge that will be claimed by the future employer, but within its framework it is impossible to inculcate patriotic values, to educate a worthy citizen of their country.

A pragmatist who will be offered a lot of salary abroad for performing the same functions without hesitating to agree. After all, he has no limiters. On the other hand, it is difficult to imagine the assertion of pragmatism as the philosophy of educational institutions where the “basic intelligentsia” is prepared, that is, teachers, doctors, cultural workers. For this segment of the Russian system of higher education and the reduction of teaching staff, and the commercialization of universities, and their subordination to the needs of the market can be considered as annihilating, since it is possible to prepare a full-fledged doctor or teacher if he passes through the appropriate upbringing, is formed as an individual, then there is - learns not only professional knowledge, but also a certain model of behavior, ideas about morality, morality, about permissible and unacceptable acts. In the process of educating future specialists, an important role is played by special “teacher-student” relations, which are less and less common in the modern system of higher professional education.

The problems discussed are only a small part of the difficulties that Russia has already begun to face in the process of modernizing education. Of course, it will not be possible to avoid innovative changes in the higher education system of the Russian Federation, but, on the other hand, the state should control the process of modernization of education and direct it, guided by genuine state interests, and not the interests of transnational corporations, which are the main buyers of brainwashing on the world’s intellectual the market. Without a developed system of higher education, modern Russia cannot exist, but a developed higher school is not always a copy of Western experience and an attempt to keep up with another civilization. A developed higher school is the fundamental nature of education, professionalism, high moral qualities, patriotism and the preservation of Russian university traditions.

Photos used: http://www.centerasia.ru/, http://health.ej.by/.
Author:
38 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. RESEARCHER
    RESEARCHER 30 June 2015 06: 20 New
    15
    I am against the internationalization of education. Higher education for that and higher, that it should receive no more than 15 - 20 percent of the population. Otherwise, it turns into a service that professors are forced to render to any idiot.
    Obviously unacceptable criteria were imposed on us to evaluate the effectiveness of educational institutions.
    The internationalization of education destroyed everything of value that was accumulated in Russia both during the tsarist period and during the years of Soviet rule.
    1. Slobber
      Slobber 30 June 2015 07: 48 New
      -4
      15 - 20 percent of the country's population

      Nekhai, let the collective farmers plow, they are from education-only confusion in my head.
      1. anip
        anip 30 June 2015 08: 45 New
        +1
        Quote: razgildyay
        Nekhai, let the collective farmers plow, they are from education-only confusion in my head.

        Sure, let it go. And before the heap and the workers of 8 classes + a pheasant, and then by selection. For nefig.
      2. andrei.yandex
        andrei.yandex 30 June 2015 09: 09 New
        +4
        The less educated the society, the easier it is for them to control power. But we must not forget the easier it is for the external enemy to take advantage of the situation in their favor to raise them to protest against the government. So the government, turning the people into an uneducated society, thereby solving their management problems, does not understand that the two-edged sword.
        1. forester
          forester 30 June 2015 10: 11 New
          +2
          Quote: andrei.yandex
          The less educated the society, the easier it is to rule it. But we must not forget the easier it is for the external enemy to take advantage of the situation in their favor to raise them to protest against the government. So the government, turning the people into an uneducated society, thereby solving their management problems, does not understand that the two-edged sword.

          That is why the Western education system was imposed on us - the herd is easier to manage and the Soviet system not only taught but also formed a personality - the current one, knowing letters and numbers, preoccupied with the basic needs of the herd
          1. andrei.yandex
            andrei.yandex 30 June 2015 11: 08 New
            0
            I agree, but apparently there was a gap in education. After all, the USSR was destroyed from the inside, and the people did not immediately understand. So you need Soviet education + more knowledge, that is, to fill in the gaps so that this does not happen again.
        2. RU-Officer
          RU-Officer 30 June 2015 11: 03 New
          +1
          It really depends on what kind of power, dear "andrei.yandex". Nobody noticed that for quite a long time we have been "hammered" into our heads that the government can only be anti-people? what The idea that no matter who you choose, it will still be the wrong ones - has already become a cliché. negative Skipping long explanations, we can summarize: only an educated society will be able to build its own model of the state and economic system, in which there is a place for EVERYONE, and not for the "ruling elite" (be not remembered by nightfall, infection stop ).
          I also really liked the material:
          In fact, the reduction of universities in the interest of increasing their “efficiency” is a very dangerous undertaking. Not all Russian universities need international recognition - at least, simply because of the specifics of the personnel they are training.

          The article is approved! good + + + + +
      3. nvn_co
        nvn_co 30 June 2015 09: 55 New
        +2
        Many collective farmers have become great people !!! And the whole world bows to some of them, to their merits. Their thirst for knowledge, hard work, dedication (of these collective farmers) not only fed millions of citizens, but also carried a person into space, helps to heal people, create something new and great. Only because they were hardworking and persistent, they got into these 15 - 20%. Many, as you put it, "collective farmers" to many "urban" ones, such as those with higher educations, "bought in installments" will give a head start, and not a small one.
        The phrase was written by you: "NCome on, let the collective farmers plow, they are from education-only confusion in my head."- is offensive. You can even say:" A blooper with wet socks on the wall, if only the stain remains and the whole room stinks, and why, you don't know ... "And even in sarcasm you need to choose the right words! And the education system needs to be returned to the Soviet , a better system has not yet been invented.
        1. Slobber
          Slobber 30 June 2015 10: 31 New
          0
          This is a mockery of the Researcher. Do not lose the thread of the conversation.
          1. nvn_co
            nvn_co 1 July 2015 12: 29 New
            0
            Even if the researcher, in your or my opinion, is not right, he still did the job. And it may not be small, it does not matter whether it is paid or not, customized or not. Any work needs to be judged. Alexander Sergeevich, although he was a rowdy, a drunkard and to some extent a sloven, he was a great Russian poet. And in his sarcasms he ridiculed what he didn’t like, but without offending, or even hinting at the “possibly-presumptive” insult of representatives of certain societies.
            That's why I pointed out: "And even in sarcasm, you need to choose the right words!". And behind the thread of your conversation, I did not even track to lose it.
      4. washi
        washi 30 June 2015 14: 35 New
        +2
        Quote: razgildyay
        15 - 20 percent of the country's population

        Nekhai, let the collective farmers plow, they are from education-only confusion in my head.

        In Soviet times, the most literate received directions from enterprises and from the same collective farms. They studied, received a scholarship from enterprises, and then worked out. The man was educated. Plant competent specialist.
        Why now there are so many universities, and for the state. score? The country lacks vocational schools. There is no one to work with. The order to introduce the same rules as in the 30s. Or excel at school, at work, or pay.
        I don’t understand why these reforms were needed if the Soviet education was considered the best in the world.
        Now many countries are rebuilding or preserving education along the Soviet model, and ours are westward. They at least listened to Zadornov.
        1. rosarioagro
          rosarioagro 30 June 2015 15: 56 New
          +1
          Quote: Vasya
          Now many countries are rebuilding or preserving education along the Soviet model, and ours are westward.

          Well, we’ll come to what we left from :-)
    2. Darkness
      Darkness 30 June 2015 12: 17 New
      +2
      Judging by the pluses, a lot of alternatively gifted people think that they will fall into these 10-15 percent.
      1. 406ppm2gv
        406ppm2gv 30 June 2015 16: 28 New
        +2
        Judging by the pluses, a lot of alternatively gifted people think that they will fall into these 10-15 percent.- And better, when a student comes to the session, gives an offset, in which lies a certain amount of money. at the end of the session, the student gets an mark with grades in it. who needs such an education? or like a joke on an exam
        "satisfactory" - what subject do you hand over;
        "good" - what color is the textbook on the subject;
        "ex" - the name of the teacher taking the exam;
        1. TOR2
          TOR2 30 June 2015 19: 28 New
          +1
          In the presence of a cum system, knowledge is simply not needed.
  2. Tatar 174
    Tatar 174 30 June 2015 06: 26 New
    10
    The current education system in Russia is training specialists for the West and the USA. But they do not want to understand this in the government of the country. Education in Russia should be for Russia, as it was in the USSR!
  3. pravednik
    pravednik 30 June 2015 06: 48 New
    +4
    And in Russia, since the 90s, were there any smart ministers at all? They constantly look in the ass to the west, not understanding Russian reality. And in general, why do we, ordinary Russians, need this toothless thought, if it cannot even achieve the resignation of the Minister of Education, who has already ruined everything that can be done (I mean Russian education). Or even this thought, do not care about the people, Russia how they send their offspring to study in the West (it’s not in vain and they set a salary for themselves so that their children do not feel destitute)
    1. kalibr
      kalibr 30 June 2015 06: 54 New
      +5
      Why do singers and athletes go there?
      1. anip
        anip 30 June 2015 08: 46 New
        +2
        Quote: kalibr
        Why do singers and athletes go there?

        We do not sow and do not plow, we just jump and dance.
      2. 406ppm2gv
        406ppm2gv 30 June 2015 16: 33 New
        +2
        kalibr RU Today, 06: 54 ↑
        Why do singers and athletes go there?
        - they are chosen mainly in "EDRo" to show which party is multilateral, and not just crooks and thieves.
    2. anip
      anip 30 June 2015 08: 47 New
      0
      Quote: pravednik
      And in Russia, since the 90s, were there any smart ministers at all?

      What about the presidents?
    3. Darkness
      Darkness 30 June 2015 12: 20 New
      +1
      Primakov, for example.
  4. Will
    Will 30 June 2015 07: 22 New
    +4
    Education simply has to be available to everyone who is ready / willing to study, but such dependence on the market, which is created in market relations, "athletes" / "soldiers" / "empty" consumers "may produce, but diversified personalities will become a deficit "We are losing something, we are finding something ..." Where will the United States begin to look for its professorship, if the market for talents is only turning towards trade and wars?
    1. Astrey
      Astrey 30 June 2015 09: 20 New
      +1
      Quote: Will
      diversified personalities will become a deficit


      Such personalities are always rare. "Development" must correspond to the world level. Otherwise, they are not personalities, but dreamers.

      VO set too ambivalent. On the one hand, HEIs are the leading part of society responsible for the transfer of values, and on the other hand, they are the usual business entity providing information on obtaining educational services.

      And so we fight - educators with businessmen. Victory is obvious, without a state approach to HE, we should not be a society, but a group of individuals.
  5. BMW
    BMW 30 June 2015 07: 27 New
    +2
    The entire education system is part of the state, and our state is now fully corporate. If you look, who were the ministers and prime ministers. Or were the heads of corporations, or top management, or became them after. The Russian Federation is now firmly embedded in the global corporate system, and senior officials now feed on corporations. You don’t have to go far for an example, the price of gas is for Ukraine. And neither any state or public interest can interrupt corporate interests. Hence the conclusion that state interests are more important than corporate interests, that is, their own pockets. In this vein, we must understand all the processes taking place in the state, including education.
    Higher school in the province has now fallen to the level of the Soviet vocational school, or at best a technical school.
    Example - Kamchatka State University began to graduate with a diploma in high school for 4 years on the basis of 9 classes. In a word vocational school.
  6. andrei.yandex
    andrei.yandex 30 June 2015 07: 34 New
    +4
    Professional opinion:
    1. Nitarius
      Nitarius 30 June 2015 09: 22 New
      +1
      You need to shoot ALL such a MINISTER system! for that!
  7. lockout
    lockout 30 June 2015 08: 05 New
    +2
    The purpose of such international education is to pump out promising personnel from countries that are unable to create attractive living conditions for citizens. Because "compliance with international standards" is a parameter that facilitates the sale abroad, for example, of some electrical equipment. It's the same with people. I also ended up in another country like that, although I don't regret it.
  8. ramzes1776
    ramzes1776 30 June 2015 08: 26 New
    +3
    Now with a diploma in high school comparable with a diploma of graduation from school. Soon, probably without a diploma in high school in plumbing will not be taken. On Rublevka for a long time so)
    1. anip
      anip 30 June 2015 08: 48 New
      +1
      Quote: ramzes1776
      On Rublevka for a long time so)

      Not only there. Already 20 years so throughout the country.
  9. andrei.yandex
    andrei.yandex 30 June 2015 09: 03 New
    0
    Article "Education is not for everyone, or Who destroys the unity of the educational process": http://communitarian.ru/publikacii/obrazovanie/obrazovanie_ne_dlya_vseh_ili_kto_
    razrushaet_edinstvo_obrazovatelnogo_processa_28062015 /
  10. RiverVV
    RiverVV 30 June 2015 09: 29 New
    +4
    Correct, suitable article. The technological engineer (for me) now has the main problem - the low qualification of workers. This applies to both the technological service and the mechanics. Apparatchiks notice defects only when acid begins to pour on their heads. Welders work horribly. I have already forgotten about the hallmarks. Locksmith I recently had to learn to count to five. He was going to cut the line with the Kipov air and stop the crawling plant. Well, let's say apparatchiks and the Union did not train. The profession is tied to a specific place of work and cannot be taught at vocational schools. But I guarantee: there were no such locksmiths before.

    And with higher education - with her as everywhere else.
    1. forester
      forester 30 June 2015 10: 33 New
      +1
      Quote: RiverVV
      Correct, suitable article. The technological engineer (for me) now has the main problem - the low qualification of workers. This applies to both the technological service and the mechanics. Apparatchiks notice defects only when acid begins to pour on their heads. Welders work horribly. I have already forgotten about the hallmarks. Locksmith I recently had to learn to count to five. He was going to cut the line with the Kipov air and stop the crawling plant. Well, let's say apparatchiks and the Union did not train. The profession is tied to a specific place of work and cannot be taught at vocational schools. But I guarantee: there were no such locksmiths before.

      And with higher education - with her as everywhere else.

      FACT - the current locksmith can’t insert a hacksaw. But the situation with most graduates of universities is the level of highly specialized knowledge which is lower than a graduate of the Soviet vocational school - they come to lead the basis of higher education - primary education, and in my opinion it is being systematically destroyed
  11. den3080
    den3080 30 June 2015 10: 50 New
    +1
    Quote: Lockout
    The purpose of such international education is to pump out promising personnel from countries that are unable to create attractive living conditions for citizens. Because "compliance with international standards" is a parameter that facilitates the sale abroad, for example, of some electrical equipment. It's the same with people. I also ended up in another country like that, although I don't regret it.

    What kind of thing? You probably have studied in Finland and you do not regret it. Well, fine. International education is primarily an opportunity to see the world, experience a different culture, learn foreign languages, make friends in other countries. Is it bad?
    Finnish school education is generally considered the best in the world !! Notice in the UK, USA, France or elsewhere.
    Moreover, all education in Finland is free - school, secondary, higher.
    I know how to learn in Finnish, English, Russian schools.

    What can I say?
    Scribe, what's the difference. And here's the thing: Finns and English teach children to be human, teach life, sport, relationships in society, basic everyday culture, in addition to arithmetic, etc. Any Finnish hard worker in a cafe at a gas station will take not only food and a fork, but also a knife, a napkin and wipe his hands with a disinfectant gel, which is located right at the beginning of the dispenser counter. They taught at school, and at home it was like that.
    In Finnish schools, a couple of sports days are practiced a month, all day, it will be either swimming or skiing or other sports, competitions. This is in addition to another 2-3 physical education lessons in a regular school week. At breaks, all children are required !!! walk on the street, in schools (in the building) walk in socks, without shoes. Crafts from labor lessons bring useful for home - stool, scoop, bookshelf, cookies !!! etc. Something similar, and we did in the distant, distant Soviet times ...

    Russian schools now make robots out of children who cram mathematics, physics, chemistry, and the like, and they don’t get connected with real life! And they don’t know how to drive a nail, saw off a board, cook food, they don’t know what birds fly outside the window, except for sparrows, pigeons and ravens, they don’t know what to eat with a fork and knife, and you still don’t forget a napkin, don’t pull up on the horizontal bar can, not to mention skiing, swimming and other sports (in bulk, and not in paid sections).

    And you don’t need much money for this, you need the right brains from the gentlemen who determine the paths of Russian education. The rest is worth mere pennies.

    Eekhma ...
  12. Neputin
    Neputin 30 June 2015 10: 58 New
    +1
    Higher education provides a person's ability to think independently and make decisions in a non-standard situation. The Unified State Exam does not develop these abilities - the main thing is to put a tick in the right place there. Students do not know how to think, and it is very difficult to teach this after school "training on the exam" as fox terriers on a fox. I myself am teaching in honey. University. Example: I ask the 5th year students (!). Did medical banks put it ?. - Yes, they did. Why do they stick? - Students have a stupor. The question is elementary, based on the 6-7 grade of secondary school. Conclusion: the existing system of secondary education kills the ability to think. The higher will be finished soon. Let's have some fun then!
  13. Alcoholic
    Alcoholic 30 June 2015 13: 52 New
    +1
    As I read such articles, I think: what exactly is hindering and hindering the return of the learning process to the classic "Soviet" rails earlier?
    Well, not the childhood illnesses of our prime minister ...
    wassat
  14. fivanec
    fivanec 30 June 2015 14: 59 New
    +1
    The article is not a plus, but a hundred pluses !!
  15. 406ppm2gv
    406ppm2gv 30 June 2015 16: 42 New
    +1
    at one of the KVNs MGIMOshniki were not afraid to say the phrase "dumb is easier to manage" (about our existing education).
  16. tank64rus
    tank64rus 30 June 2015 19: 01 New
    +1
    What is happening in higher education is "Serdyukovism" carried out by the Ministry of Education under the leadership of liberals feeding from abroad.
  17. TOR2
    TOR2 30 June 2015 19: 53 New
    +1
    As in many similar comments, the people unanimously begin to scold the Bologna system. If you look at things soberly, you can any system and Bologna and the Soviet. Abroad, this system does not interfere with the training of competent engineers. My opinion is that I got a bachelor's degree - go work, and only with work experience - to a magistracy.
    A pragmatist who will be offered a large salary abroad at times for performing the same functions without hesitation to agree. After all, he has no limiters.

    And why do not pragmatists come to us a respected author? Who at times receives a large salary?
    The education system is just a mirror of our society, and if everything is not in order in society, then this will inevitably affect education.
    The first step in the education of a future specialist is career guidance, but with us this is not important to say the least.
    1. SPLV
      SPLV 30 June 2015 22: 21 New
      +2
      Quote: TOR2
      My opinion is that I got a bachelor's degree - go work, and only with work experience - to a magistracy.

      Yes and no. On the one hand, after production it is quite difficult to start studying again, if only because after the salary the scholarship does not satisfy the needs. But on the other hand, I had a chance to talk with a graduate of a German university - there is no production worker, respectively, and no designer, since he does not understand the production process.
      So the construction of an adequate education system is a difficult and slow business, a lot of things need to be foreseen and thought out. For example, the place of technical schools in the system - now a technician (paramedic) - is often an undergraduate. And how does he differ from "just a high school graduate" then? Systematization is a useful thing, but the Ministry of Education and Science should start with enemas first. Maybe enlightenment will come in the heads.
  18. Alekspel
    Alekspel 30 June 2015 20: 25 New
    +3
    The direction of the degradation of Russian education is absolutely clear and its goal is clear: to make out of the population a herd of stupid robots capable of working in production, but unable to comprehend what is happening around them. Capitalism - gentlemen! For what they fought for, that's why ... Top management is trained abroad - these are the children of the current oligarchs and their entourage. Average managers are trained here, these also graduate from the paid faculties of prestigious universities by pull. Well, the rest, which will study according to Lebanon's patterns and will serve machines and units that were not invented by us. Such a model is the goal and Livanov, despite the wave of criticism from the people, stubbornly continues to plant and promote it. This is Serdyukov in education. When the results of his activities become irreversible, they will “leave” in disgrace, but Shoigu will be alone with us.
  19. Hope1960
    Hope1960 30 June 2015 21: 51 New
    +1
    The adoption of the Bologna system was in the 90s, when we wanted to please the West, so that we were accepted for our own. Now it has become clear that we are losing the ability to launch ships into space, heal, teach, play football-hockey, pilot airplanes ........ How grateful I am to my "provincial" secondary school in the city of Borisoglebsk (Voronezh region) for an excellent education !!! Girls from the countryside studied with me at the pedagogical institute, who now (almost all!) Are pulling on Russian education !!! Who will replace us if now, when enrolling a child in the 1st grade, parents take into account the level of drug addiction in school? !!!!!
  20. Servla
    Servla 30 June 2015 23: 01 New
    0
    We had one professor at our University ... A magnificent specialist and person ... Honored Worker of the Russian Federation. One of the creators of electric drives on the aircraft ... In general, before leaving the University, he said the following thing (constantly jarring when I remember) - "I can't see this anymore. I look into their eyes and see emptiness there."
    With that he left ...