Military Review

Recall Iwo Jima

44
70 years ago, on the night of 25 on 26 in March of 1945, the last defenders of Iwo Jima, led by General Tadamity Kuribayashi and Rear Admiral Rinosuke Itimaru, went on the last counterattack on US troops. They no longer hoped for victory, but wanted only to die with honor, taking as many enemies with them as possible. The first paragraph of the plan was completed almost completely, and the second - only partly: 262 of the Japanese and 53 of the American were killed in the night battle, 18 of the Japanese were captured.
So ended the 37-day battle for a small volcanic islet with an area of ​​just 23 square kilometer, which Americans got at the price of great blood. 6812 American soldiers and officers are buried on Iwo Jima, 21835 injured and contused. The victims among the Japanese are not calculated with such precision, but, based on the number of the garrison and the number of survivors, there were more than 20 thousands, including Korean workers who were involved in the construction of fortifications.

Next is a selection of photographs taken by American war correspondents during the fighting on the island and after their completion. Among them there are both widely known and quite rare frames.



Aerial view of Iwo Jim times of war. In the lower right corner is the extinct Suribati volcano. For this key height were particularly fierce battles. In the center - a Japanese airfield with two crossed runways.



"Tennessee" - one of the American battleships, carrying out fire support of the landing on Iwo Jima.



First shot: the marines land on the landing barges.



Landing area. American ships are clearly visible fleet and barges off the coast.



Attack of floating LVT-2 armored personnel carriers.



The marines lay down in a wounded amphibian.





There are no shelters on the beach.



Did not reach Suribati.



The first frontier is the ridge of the sand ridge.







Bridgehead.



Advanced medical center. The soldier on the front stretcher no longer needs donated blood.



Another one did not survive.



Removing soldiers tokens from corpses.





Shore trimmed.



Unloading something in boxes. Judging by the weight, not ammunition.



In the hope of the mercy of the Most High.



Former airfield.





Killed the Japanese.





Work howitzers and MLRS.



Sappers undermine the bunker.



Trophies



Sherman with a twinkle.



Blown up on a land mine.



At the destroyed DOT with 100-millimeter cannon. On the left is Joe Rosenthal, military photojournalist for the Associated Press agency.



Remains of Japanese fortification.



Laz in one of the numerous tunnels, which was dug through the mountain of Suribati and the stone tank - a false target.



The friend and foe of man: the service dog of the marines sniffs Japanese soldiers hiding under the ground.



A dug-in tank, which was used as a stationary firing point and another reinforced concrete capon opened with the ship's artillery with a heavy cannon.



Wrecked tank "Chi-Ha."



Wounded "Sherman" with improvised additional armor.



Keeper of memory.





Fifth Marine Division.
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  1. Gans1234
    Gans1234 28 March 2015 05: 29
    +12
    One of the few worthy battles of the American army in World War II
    1. Firstvanguard
      Firstvanguard 28 March 2015 06: 07
      +4
      What is worthy of it? Throwing meat on the enemy?
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 28 March 2015 10: 53
        +6
        Quote: Firstvanguard
        Throwing meat on the enemy?

        Somehow strange judge - the Japanese perished times in 3 more. hi
        1. SHILO
          SHILO 28 March 2015 13: 13
          +1
          Quote: Ingvar 72
          Somehow strange judge - the Japanese perished times in 3 more.


          Despite the fact that they were "buried" up to the very eyebrows!
          Hello Igor! hi
          I liked the photo "Trophies" ... Amerovian soldiers with Japanese flags ... good On the knees! wink laughing
          1. Ingvar 72
            Ingvar 72 28 March 2015 13: 58
            0
            Hi Kostya! wink
            Quote: SHILO
            Despite the fact that they were "buried" up to the very eyebrows!
            Well, the "digging" did not help them much, concrete pillboxes do not save much against the main caliber of battleships. There, in the pictures, you can see in what condition they got to the pendos. The garrison fought hard, honor and praise, but there was no chance AT ALL.
            Quote: SHILO
            On the knees!

            Cool!
            P.S. How's it going?
        2. Firstvanguard
          Firstvanguard 28 March 2015 20: 30
          +3
          Somehow strange judge - the Japanese perished times in 3 more.

          After being thrown with meat, the beating began, hence the loss of the Japanese wild. When the garrisons of the islands, deprived of aviation and, in general, any support from the outside, systematically and unhurriedly ironed out from the air and with the main calibers of battleships, and then “heroically” landed on the “lunar surface”, what could be the ratio of losses?
          Juggling with numbers, a favorite technique of mystifiers of all stripes, the most terrible lie is part of the truth. Now, if you look at these figures in dynamics, then a different picture is obtained. hi
    2. Alexey M
      Alexey M 28 March 2015 12: 02
      +15
      With complete transcendence in the air, at sea, in naval artillery. The art preparation was carried out for 3 days plus constant support of aviation and naval artillery. Only on the first day 30000 people landed, with a garrison of less than 15000 and not 20000 as it is written here.
      So Iwo Jima can be compared with our Brest. And there and there, with complete encirclement, the troops resisted to the last, by the way, the last Japanese soldier on Iwo Jima surrendered in 1951.
      And the Americans stupidly threw meat because the generals didn’t give a damn about their soldiers. They could have shot and bombed all the firing points but didn’t save the BK.
      This was one of not many battles where the amers really had to fight.
      1. Sergey-8848
        Sergey-8848 28 March 2015 13: 48
        +6
        The stubborn defense of the Japanese is the result of heavy losses on both sides. The surrender of fortifications is not to go out with a white flag, but when the last soldier has run out of ammunition.
        So the analogy with Brest is quite appropriate. The morale of the defenders was never broken, there was nothing to fight.
      2. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 28 March 2015 14: 00
        -18%
        Quote: Alexey M
        So Iwo Jima can be compared with our Brest.

        Or by storm of Koenigsberg. Here (as in Brest) they really took meat.
        1. Nagaibak
          Nagaibak 28 March 2015 15: 00
          +17
          Ingvar 72 "Or by storming Koenigsberg. There (as in Brest) they really took meat."
          It seems to me that you confused something or meant something else ...))) What kind of "meat" are you talking about? About ours or German? And who flunked whom? Here is from Wiki.
          “As a result of the operation, the main forces of the East Prussian grouping of the Germans were defeated. Only the Zemland grouping remained, which was liquidated on 25 April.
          According to Soviet data, 93 853 German troops were captured, about 42 thousand were killed, more than two thousand guns, 1652 mortars and 128 aircraft were captured [3]. According to the historian Gennady Kretinin, of the total mass of prisoners, about 25-30 thousand were civilians, who also found themselves in prison camps for prisoners of war, so he gives a figure of 70,5 thousand prisoners of German military personnel, which is confirmed by documents and reports [1].
          The end of the assault was marked by a salute of the highest category - in Moscow, 324 guns fired 24 artillery volleys, the medal “For the Capture of Königsberg” was established, 98 military units were called “Königsberg” [4].
          According to Soviet data, the losses of the troops of the 3rd Belorussian Front from April 1 to April 10, 1945, which were actively fighting during this period during the assault on Koenigsberg - 3700 people were killed. According to the historian Gennady Kretinin, the operation was prepared and carried out "not by number, but by skill" [1]. "
          It sounds blasphemous, but our losses were acceptable during the assault on such a fortified city, the figure of 3700 dead of our soldiers and 42000 Germans speak for themselves. Given that ours were advancing ....
          1. Firstvanguard
            Firstvanguard 28 March 2015 20: 33
            +3
            Thank you comrade! drinks
            Outstripped good
  2. tlauicol
    tlauicol 28 March 2015 06: 05
    +4
    in the fourth photo the scales of a tiny island are clearly visible
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 18: 50
      0
      Che for nonsense? In the fourth photo, only a small part of the island with a volcano ... and the first photo is proof of this!
  3. Support
    Support 28 March 2015 06: 58
    +21
    The only thing - the soldiers on both sides behaved with dignity. Both Americans and Japanese. Americans later became pennindos. And then there were soldiers. I think they deserve a decent memory. They fulfilled their duty ......
  4. wanderer987
    wanderer987 28 March 2015 07: 33
    +14
    The scale of the landing operation is huge, although the Americans took Iwo Jima but were essentially defeated with so many dead and equipment, the Japanese garrison shot judging by photographs of them almost point-blank; Americans essentially threw them with their corpses, landing on a sandy beach with equipment is apparently very difficult The insufficiency and quality of art preparation affected. The Japanese, for their part, being in the blockade, did everything possible to defend the island, the stubbornness and dedication with which they defended themselves worthy of respect !!!
  5. igordok
    igordok 28 March 2015 08: 04
    +7
    Photos are taken skillfully. And somehow they did not come across before.
  6. saag
    saag 28 March 2015 08: 09
    +2
    "... after passing the island of Iwo Jima headed for the empire" from the flight log of "Enola Gay"
  7. Doctor Evil
    Doctor Evil 28 March 2015 08: 13
    +6
    Clint Eastwood's "Flags of Our Fathers" movie very well captures the moment of landing on the beach with a carnage on the beach. "Letters from Iwo Jima" - a view from the Japanese side.
  8. family tree
    family tree 28 March 2015 09: 21
    +7
    M7 112mm with an enchanting spread of shells, but popular, damn it what
    Installation on emche, called, for some reason, T34 belay
    In general, "Calyoppa" Beautiful-voiced yes
  9. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat 28 March 2015 09: 49
    -16%
    I do not see the "paralysis" of the Americans. The task, albeit with difficulty, was completed, especially since there were tens of thousands of Japanese who were destroyed. "To fill up with corpses" - it rather refers to our military leaders, who did not reckon with losses.
    1. ivan.ru
      ivan.ru 28 March 2015 11: 23
      +10
      here I grabbed a little from the site. Iwo Jima was extremely expensive for Yushashka.
      http://arsenal-info.ru/b/book/3994169660/244

      The landing on Iwo Jima became one of the largest landing operations in the Pacific War. To capture the island, 110000 soldiers were assembled under the command of Lieutenant General Holland Smith. The invasion fleet commanded by Admiral R.E. Spruence, totaled more than 1000 ships. Long before landing, a small island (5 by 2,5 miles) became the target of raids by American bombers. Day after day for many weeks, base and aircraft carriers, including the B-29, threshed Iwo Jima. By February 15, 7300 tons of bombs were dropped on the island. In addition, a mass of explosives and steel hit the island from naval guns.
      Despite the daily bombing, the defenses were almost unaffected, both airfields were operational, and the construction of the third continued. When the landing began, the Iwo Jima garrison consisted of 20000 soldiers, and these Japanese were determined to fight to the last. an armada of 1000 ships headed for a small island, carrying 110000 landing troops.
      By nightfall, there were already 40000 marines on the shore. They began to advance towards the southern airfield, but found that Iwo Jima was turned into a real gathering of bunkers, pillboxes and traps. 50 yards of advance required such casualties from the Marine Corps that Tarava was a picnic compared to this.
      But the loss of the destroyers was negligible compared to the casualties of the Marine Corps. By March 26, the Marine Corps had lost 21000 people, including 4900 dead. By this time, the island was captured, but Iwo Jima cost “leather collars” extremely expensive. For comparison, recall that on Tarava, losses amounted to 8,6%, while on Iwo Jima they reached 32,6%. Japanese losses at Iwo Jima were close to 100 percent. When the cleansing of the island was completed, the entire garrison was destroyed. Only 200 people were taken prisoners, all the rest died.
      Now the American "Super Fortress" began flying from the island. Tokyo soon became the target of incendiary bombing raids that turned the Japanese capital into a huge ashes. On the one hand, the allies gained an important base, on the other, they eliminated the flanking threat of Okinawa. It was possible to calmly start Operation Iceberg.
      if so the Germans fought with them in Europe, then by the year 45 amers would not have remained there
      1. YohanPalych
        YohanPalych 28 March 2015 12: 32
        +4
        Quote: ivan.ru
        here I grabbed a little from the site.


        Thanks for the work done. Extremely interesting! hi
      2. family tree
        family tree 28 March 2015 15: 45
        0
        ivan.ru RU
        Here, such garbage, they used to be able to shoot, now there are only a few shooters from them, and at the expense of fighting, I rustled, like, starting with their civilian, neither tactics, nor strategy, on the First World War, in general, the epic file. Ours, through Gobi and Khingan, like a knife in butter, and these ... I would call Romanians, only Romanians will be offended, after all, in the training, on the modernized half a hundred, Abramsam was piled
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. murriou
      murriou 30 September 2015 10: 52
      0
      It is immediately evident, ahem, especially gifted individuals who taught their native history from perestroika "revelations" :-)
  10. igordok
    igordok 28 March 2015 10: 45
    +7
    Printed photo from Iwo Jima and its predecessor. For 15 years.

  11. kit-kat
    kit-kat 28 March 2015 11: 19
    0
    Great stuff. Thank. American cemeteries amaze me. So much space is taken up.
  12. 0255
    0255 28 March 2015 11: 22
    +4
    The Americans had a hard time in the Pacific, they fought in difficult conditions. The American studio HBO shot a good series - "The Pacific", about the war with the Japanese, without Hollywood pathos - I recommend watching good
  13. ivan.ru
    ivan.ru 28 March 2015 11: 29
    +1
    Quote: Tlauicol
    in the fourth photo the scales of a tiny island are clearly visible

    and what strategic significance did this piece of land have?
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 28 March 2015 13: 45
      +2
      Quote: ivan.ru
      and what strategic significance did this piece of land have?

      Japanese airbase. Unsinkable aircraft carrier.
    2. Nagaibak
      Nagaibak 28 March 2015 14: 49
      +3
      ivan.ru "and what strategic importance did this piece of land have?"
      From this island, Japan was reaching for US bombers. Hence the uncompromising struggle of the warring parties. The Japanese understood that their Vaterland would be in danger of bombing. And America really wanted to get to Japan.))))
    3. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 18: 56
      0
      Enormous, but unfortunately, you probably have to chew for a long time so that you understand, if you didn’t understand at once simple!
  14. ivan.ru
    ivan.ru 28 March 2015 11: 35
    -4
    Quote: 0255
    The Americans had a hard time in the Pacific, they fought in difficult conditions. The American studio HBO shot a good series - "The Pacific", about the war with the Japanese, without Hollywood pathos - I recommend watching good

    in difficult conditions, our soldiers fought near Moscow and in Stalingrad. and there was a walk in heavenly conditions. Well, there killed a few amers, so the war, 40 percent of losses - from friendly fire. and the goals are simply ridiculous, what sense did it even have, that war in the Pacific?
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 19: 00
      +1
      Yes, you look at the photo ... this is not a decree for you, these are not today's Americans ... who are nowhere without diapers ... there are marines in the sand with the blood of friends gnawed their teeth ... just before one person said "it was then they are steel"...
    2. The comment was deleted.
  15. The comment was deleted.
  16. Leader
    Leader 28 March 2015 11: 58
    -3
    Meaningless sacrifices on both sides for a piece of land in the middle of the ocean ...
    Singing the exploits of American soldiers on Iwo Jima, official Washington disguises its own stupidity.
    With so much superiority - and such losses?
    But what's the point of owning this island?
    The soldiers, of course, died heroically ... But for what?
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 28 March 2015 16: 34
      +4
      We have already answered above for the possibility of basing bomber aircraft on the island, which in turn could fly from here to Japan and carry out bombing of Japanese cities, which could not have been achieved without taking the island.
    2. Aleksandr72
      Aleksandr72 28 March 2015 17: 35
      +4
      The meaning for the Americans was that their B-29 bombers became much closer to fly to Tokyo and other Japanese cities and, accordingly, bombers could take a full bomb load due to a reduced supply of fuel on board and, accordingly, fill up Japanese cities with lighters, arranging giant crematoria in them - the allied style of conducting total air warfare - the Douai doctrine in action. For the Japanese, Iwo Jima was considered an imperial land, i.e. already part of Japan and, accordingly, for this small part of their country, the Japanese fought fiercely. They didn't stand a chance though. A surprisingly good American film "Letters from Iwo Jima" was shot about this.
  17. Chukcha
    Chukcha 28 March 2015 12: 12
    +6
    In 2006, Clint Eastwood's film Letters from Iwo Jima was released.
    I recommend to view.
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 28 March 2015 13: 44
      +3
      Quote: Chukcha
      I recommend to view.

      This is a dilogy. "Flags of Our Fathers" - a look at the battle for Iwo Jima from the American side and "Letters from Iwo Jima" - the same but from the Japanese side.
      Clint Eastwood is one of the best directors in Hollywood ...
  18. Grandfather Sadomazay
    Grandfather Sadomazay 28 March 2015 13: 19
    0
    Open "Wikipedia" in Russian and read why it was necessary to capture it, Ivozdim this. It turns out there are reasons.
  19. nnz226
    nnz226 28 March 2015 14: 55
    +8
    Yeah .... With such fire support (battleships, aviation, cruisers, destroyers - you can bend your finger a dozen) and such losses ?! The lousy "vaunted" by Hollywood, the US Marine Corps turns out ... You can recall the landing on Malaya Zemlya in 1943 (the Germans of the 1943 model, more abruptly warriors than the Japanese of 1945) under the command of Caesar Kunikov: a detachment (auxiliary!) Of 276 people , on MO-4 (the most terrible caliber = 45 mm, and not from 127 to 406 mm for amers) lands ashore and overnight captures a bridgehead up to 2-3 km deep and 5 km along the front! Feel the difference between the Soviet marines, and their pathetic counterparts from the United States (Americans - just - squalor!)
    1. wanderer987
      wanderer987 28 March 2015 15: 31
      +5
      There is nothing to add to your words, since childhood I dreamed of visiting "Malaya Zemlya", the dream came true when I became an adult, the impression of what I saw with my own eyes was enormous from understanding how difficult this landing operation was.
    2. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 19: 08
      0
      Calm down ... fewer replicas! Everyone here understands the coolness of our black pea jackets, but do not forget that the attacks of our marines with wild shouts often led to the surrender of the Nazis! The difference between the Japanese soldier and the German is that the first was a fanatic who was eager to die for Japan and the emperor, and to take as many enemies as possible ... the German was not so fanatical, I would even say not fanatical, and of the two options, as a percentage, ninety chose prisoners, of course there were scumbags among the Fritz, but among yapov were practically 100%, hence the loss in such amers !!!!
      1. family tree
        family tree 29 March 2015 20: 27
        +1
        Quote: igorka357
        but among Yapes, they were almost 100%, hence the amer’s losses !!!!

        They themselves did not take them prisoner, fry, shoot. Kwantung, nefigovo so gave up. No problem, at the expense of the samurai spirit, in Siberia, Japanese prisoners are still remembered as far as I know. what
  20. cerbuk6155
    cerbuk6155 28 March 2015 15: 38
    +2
    Japanese soldiers are real fighters. Most fought and died with the complete superiority of the enemy. And when the last Japanese soldier laid down his arms — and who begged him, I hope many know. That's who needs to erect a monument during his lifetime and praise as the greatest soldier of Japan. soldier
  21. serge siberian
    serge siberian 28 March 2015 16: 03
    0
    the Japanese people are generally belligerent people. but with what stubbornness they are fighting, it's awesome. but all one is not a couple to us. (although we are not without a freak).
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood 28 March 2015 16: 39
      0
      But here, China, about the possible confrontation of Japan with which they like to write articles at VO, really has no chance.
    2. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 20: 06
      0
      Listen to the land .. urgently update the Russian language .. and then the Japanese, and already beat out the eye !!!
  22. MAG
    MAG 28 March 2015 16: 54
    +3
    I am always surprised by the comments that the Americans are fighting badly, that their soldiers are not. Just read the books of ordinary soldiers and you will understand that one war for ALL soldiers is hunger, cold, fatigue, death. About the fact that the Americans hammer with everything that is, it's not bad, it's bad when everything is there, but they don't use it. Read Eugene Sledge "With the Old Guard", something may become clear to yourself.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 19: 19
      0
      I dare to object to you, dear .... war is not only hunger, cold, fatigue and death, war is also courage, exploits, self-sacrifice, love of the motherland, fighting brotherhood ... I think I should not list further! So ... what it's me ..)) if before the Americans had the courage and courage and honor, now it has disappeared from their soldier ... where are the exploits of the current Amer warriors .. yes there are none, where there are cases of mass heroism .. yes there are none ... And with us ... the Russians, that in the Great Patriotic War the companies rose and went into the last battle, that in modern conflicts ... I hope to bring inappropriately Immer .. hi !
      1. sharp-lad
        sharp-lad 28 March 2015 22: 17
        0
        Heroism on the battlefield is not good! If it came to heroism, then either their own miscalculated, or the enemy was better prepared. No doubt - Glory to the Heroes !!!, but life is better.
        1. igorka357
          igorka357 29 March 2015 09: 24
          +1
          With such thoughts, I will be sorry for you ... in battle!
  23. zubkoff46
    zubkoff46 28 March 2015 18: 03
    +2
    I have never seen these photos. The number of American watercraft and equipment is amazing, and this is far from its main bases. From the photo, we can conclude that a well-organized medical service on the battlefield.
    1. igorka357
      igorka357 28 March 2015 19: 21
      +1
      You should read more, however, about the war in the Pacific, and not judge by photo ... your opinion will change dramatically!
  24. dobr5919
    dobr5919 28 March 2015 21: 56
    +1
    By the way, according to the results of Iwo Jima, we really feared an invasion of the Japanese islands, suggesting losses comparable to those of the USSR in the Second World War. Now they say that the defeat of the Kwantung Army didn’t mean anything.
  25. bbss
    bbss 28 March 2015 22: 45
    +1
    Port Arthur the Japanese took at the cost of huge losses. General Feet laid 110 thousand soldiers, including his two sons. Russian losses were much smaller. Oh, if not rotten tsarism!
    1. murriou
      murriou 30 September 2015 10: 58
      0
      For reference: in Port Arthur, the Russian army suffered general losses MORE than the Japanese.

      For the dead - yes, the Japanese put more. When the assault on fortified positions was normal, it could be up to 3-4 times, the Japanese met in a little more than double - well done, I think so.
      For the prisoners and for those who died from illnesses, the Russian losses are catastrophically large, and this gives a general result in favor of the Japanese.
    2. murriou
      murriou 30 September 2015 11: 04
      0
      By the way, you give the figure of Japanese losses of 110 thousand - do you know what it is? This is the TOP estimate of TOTAL losses. And the army and navy. And the dead, and the wounded, and the sick, and whom else only.

      Despite the fact that the figure of 94 thousand for the same indicator is given in more reliable sources, I'm not talking about the estimates of the Japanese themselves - there begins from 70 thousand, and those killed, incl. - up to 15 thousand
    3. murriou
      murriou 30 September 2015 11: 05
      0
      here, for some reason, when sending a new comment, the previous one is swallowed?

      I’ll bring it all over again.
      1. You repeat either an illiterate nonsense, or a deliberate lie, comparing the GENERAL losses of the Japanese, moreover, fairly high, with the losses of the Russian army ONLY killed and only killed IN BATTLE - not counting those who died from wounds after the battle, etc.

      2. In reality, if we take the corresponding figures from both sides, the total losses of the Russian side are much higher. First of all, due to the catastrophically large losses of prisoners, but we also have much more deaths from diseases.

      3. Large combat losses during the assault on fortified positions is normal. A 3-4-fold ratio is considered normal, while in the Japanese it is about twofold or less. Well done, but on our part there are sheer omissions and delays.

      4. And yet, almost the entire Russian naval fleet there was killed in Port Arthur (the few that erupted during the battle in the Yellow Sea were destroyed a bit later or interned, that is, also lost to Russia until the end of the war) - with a ridiculously small loss to the Japanese fleet. This should also be taken into account in the list of losses.
    4. murriou
      murriou 30 September 2015 11: 20
      0
      I apologize for a whole bunch of messages. First time here. When I posted a comment, I saw only the last one, the previous ones remained invisible to me - there was a feeling of "swallowing". I would delete unnecessary ones, but there is no such possibility, or I did not learn how to use it :-(