Namely, to its definition of a chimera:
“Chimera is a form of coexistence of two or several incompatible (having different complementarity) ethnic groups of different superethnic systems in the passionary theory of ethnogenesis, in which their originality disappears.”
In Ukraine in the twentieth century, two different ethnic groups clashed — the South Russian (Little Russian) member of the Russian superethnos and the Galician, which was already a chimera due to the long interaction of the Hutsul, Magyar, Austrian and Polish cultures (and corresponding ethnic groups).
From the thirteenth century, Galicia was cut off from the rest of the Russian lands, and gradually fell under the transforming influence of the invaders, assimilated. Ethnically, this was expressed in a mixture of different peoples inhabiting this territory, culturally - in the penetration and dominance of Polish and Magyar culture, in religion - in replacing Orthodoxy with Greek Catholicism and uniatism, in linguistic - in the strongest influence of other language groups on the formation of local dialect.
“Kedi Mi came the map of Narokovac, Becoming my own Doshikovac” is the “Ukrainian folk song” of that region, an excellent example of a cross between the Magyar and Polish words, among which only Ukrainian come across.
As for the attempts of the inhabitants of Galicia to associate themselves with the Zaporizhzhya Cossacks, it is worth remembering two simple facts. First, the Zaporozhian Cossack could be a person of any nationality, but necessarily and exclusively Orthodox (and the inhabitants of Galicia are predominantly Greek Catholics or Uniates). Secondly, the historical facts of the participation of residents of Galicia in the national liberation struggle of 1648-54 were not fixed. Even single.
It should be noted that for a long time Lviv remained the center of Russophilism and the bastion of Orthodoxy (in it for centuries there existed Russophile philosophical studios that resisted polishing). But the Lviv pogrom in the summer of 1941, almost annihilated the bearers of this ethno-sociocultural tradition.
And here are two of these alien, and about seven hundred years have not had a common stories communities were artificially and largely forcibly fused together in the middle of the last century. What could not fail to produce a chimera.
“The people who grew up in the contact zone do not belong to any of the contacting superethnos, each of which is distinguished by original ethnic traditions and mentality. In the chimera, however, a haphazard combination of incompatible behavioral traits prevails, in place of a single mentality comes complete chaos of tastes, attitudes and ideas prevailing in society. ”
This we can clearly see in Ukraine. For example, such a chimeric and absurd phenomenon as the Russian-speaking Ukrainian nationalist with the Russian surname, while honoring Bandera and hating Russia and Russians.
Or embroidery with jeans and scarf. Or “supporter of independence”, which is not against external management by the EU or the US (anyone, but not Russia!). Or a “patriot” in an “I love London” T-shirt waving an EU flag.
Or carriers of surzhik, on 70-80% consisting of Russian words, but at the same time advocating the prohibition or restriction of the rights of the Russian language. Or a completely Russian-speaking person who does not speak Ukrainian, but opposes the second Russian state.
Or a person who claims that millions of Donbass residents are “genetic slaves”, while “Asian hordes” live in Russia, but at the same time sincerely wondering why they call him a Nazi.
This also includes the neurotic perception of history. The carrier of the chimeric consciousness hates Prince Rurik for his Varangian origin, Prince Vladimir for the baptism of Russia, then it was bad under the Mongols and the Poles, and Khmelnitsky, a scoundrel, broke the European integrators, then it was "damned" 250 years under the Russian Empire, he hates the "scoop" fiercely, and at the same time claims that he loves the history of his country. So when was his perception good? In the fictional time of the theoretically possible, but not the past.
“In such a chimeric environment, antisystem ideologies flourish. Chimeras of the anti-system arising in the depths are, as a rule, the initiators of bloody conflicts, or the chimera is made a victim of neighboring ethnic groups. A chimera can exist in the body of a healthy ethnic group like a cancer tumor, exist at its expense and without performing any constructive work. At the same time, it can be relatively harmless (passive) or it becomes a breeding ground for aggressive antisystems. ”
What we see in Ukraine. After the last relapse in the forties of the last century, when dozens (if not hundreds) of thousands of people died from the Bandera ideology, for several decades this destructive ideology parasitized unnoticed on Soviet society, which had immunity against it (since too many people remembered that for nastiness actually).
And after Ukraine gained independence and a change in the direction of development, the Bandera ideology flourished with unbridled color, meeting no resistance from the official authorities and feeding on money from the oligarchs, which now results in thousands of civilian casualties.
What is the antisystema of modern Ukrainian "Svidomo" ideology? First, it is a secondary nature, the desire to blindly imitate the West and to fulfill any of its requirements and orders. Secondly, this is the absence of a sane and holistic positive program. The only thing that keeps her supporters together is a rabid, fierce, irrational hatred of Russia and the Russians. And beyond that is emptiness.
At the same time, both liberals and a significant part of nationalists perceive the state as an enemy. Liberals seek to make the state as weak as possible, serving the private interests of big business. And even those nationalists who want to see the state strong, motivate it only by the need for repression against the Russians and other "aliens." None of them have a scientific-production, project or social component (and even the fight against corruption in them results in the fight against the state). Moreover, in the ideology of the nationalists, there is often a ridiculous opposition of the state and “NaZii”, and “NaZii” is clearly preferred.
And the dominance of the abstract (according to Anderson, the nation is a fictional community) over the real and practical is always destructive.
Only within the framework of the chimera can such schizophrenic characters, such as Irina Fahrion, who can be dying and killing, not only appear, but also become successful, authoritative and significant.
Also, only within the framework of a chimeric anti-system, a cult of death similar to the Ukrainian one can arise, when national symbols make famines and victims, glorify defeats and failures (Mazepa, Petliura, Bandera - all obvious losers), senselessly lost “heroes Kruty” and “heavenly hundreds” are extolled. And to obvious achievements such as the participation of Ukraine in the victory over Nazism or the flight of man into space — negative perception is being formed by centralized propaganda. Well, the negative attitude towards Lenin - the person who essentially created the Ukrainian statehood and actively pursued a policy of Ukrainization - speaks for itself.
There is a good news: Chimeras don't last long. And this means that the torment of people caught in its field of influence will be short-lived. Chimeric ethnic groups usually disintegrate, after which they either die out or belong to more viable and creative ethnic groups.