Do not allow the new Chernobyl

The stubbornness of the current Kiev authorities threatens the security of Ukraine’s nuclear facilities

The plans of companies from the United States to conclude an agreement with Ukraine on the supply of fuel cells for nuclear power plants caused concern at the Moscow Center of the World Association of Operators of Nuclear Power Plants. Representatives of the Public Chamber, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Natural Resources, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Defense, Rostekhnadzor, Rosatom, the Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences gathered at the State Duma for a meeting of the expert council of the Industry DG Committee to discuss all possible risks of the two countries.

For the sake of objectivity, members of foreign environmental organizations were invited to the meeting, but they did not come. “I learned with great chagrin that the representatives of the network of international ecological structures did not honor us with their presence. This is Greenpeace and the World Wildlife Fund. And it seems to me that this is not accidental, because the participants of the expert council in their speeches can touch upon issues affecting the junction of political, economic interests and security issues, ”said Vladimir Gutenev, first deputy chairman of the State Duma’s Industry Committee.

Our country's concerns about the plans of the United States and Ukraine in the nuclear field are due to several reasons. First of all, by the fact that there is a negative experience of attempts by American specialists to infiltrate NPP facilities built by Russian companies.

Do not allow the new ChernobylSo, in 1993, due to political circumstances, a tender for the completion of the Temelin nuclear power plant in the Czech Republic, which was initially created using Russian technology, was won by the American company Westinghouse Electric. “She also received the right to supply nuclear fuel. During the operation, serious technical problems arose, including massive depressurization of fuel assemblies (FA). During this time, 67 unpressurized fuel assemblies were detected. If I tell you that 163 TVS is located in the reactor core, you can imagine the scale of the problem, ”said Vasily Konstantinov, senior vice president of TVEL OJSC.

Do not allow the new Chernobyl

In 2005, the station operator, the Czech company CEZ, announced a tender for the supply of nuclear fuel, and TVEL won the tender. Moreover, to speed up the replacement of all American fuels, CEZ made an unprecedented decision to completely unload American fuel assemblies and replace the fuel with Russian fuel. In order to present the level of danger that arises when installing foreign fuel assemblies at NPPs of Russian design, Konstantinov spoke about the risks arising from poor-quality operation of reactors. The first level is minor mechanical damage during the planned loading and unloading of fuel. They manifest themselves most quickly, leading to problems during refueling operations of nuclear fuel. At the second stage, the depressurization of fuel assemblies with the release of activity into the coolant occurs. The result can manifest itself in a wide time range - from one month to three years.

“The third stage is the forms of changes or bending of fuel assemblies in the active zone. It is the most dangerous and appears on the horizon five to six years of operation. Dangerous because with the loss of the form of fuel assemblies, emergency protection rods cannot fall into the core or their fall is difficult. Actually, this can lead to a serious accident, ”the vice president of TVEL OJSC believes. According to him, the situation at the Temelin NPP was brought to the second level of the above qualification and only urgent measures by the Czech operator to replace the fuel helped stop the development of an emergency situation.

This is not the only case of a side effect from the use of American nuclear fuel at nuclear power plants of Russian design. There was a precedent in Ukraine, which has the largest fleet of our reactors: four stations, 15 power units. Nuclear power plays a strategic role in the country's economy, providing almost half of all power generation.

“Since 2004, all Ukrainian power units have been transferred by us to the operation of new fuel - TVS-A type cassettes. In 2010, TVEL and the Ukrainian national nuclear power generating company (NAEC) Energoatom have signed a long-term contract that is valid until the end of the life of the power units, that is, up to about 2042 of the year. Despite this, Westinghouse and NAEK signed an agreement for the supply of American fuel TVS-W. The agreement provided for the maintenance of three power units for five years. That is a total of 15 overloads, ”said Vasily Konstantinov.

He noted that American fuel did not have the necessary reference and did not have a corresponding license. In addition, there was no rationale for the safe operation of Russian and American fuel assemblies in mixed cores. “The decision to sign the contract was made on the basis of a separate decree of the President of Ukraine. In accordance with this contract, in 2010 – 2011, three reloading batches of American fuel assemblies were installed at two power units of the South Ukrainian Nuclear Power Plant (SU NPP). In the summer of 2012, information appeared on the identified TVS-W defects. In particular, they found damage to 35 lattices of American fuel assemblies. They contained both minor jams and the absence of structural fragments. A number of technical questions about Westinghouse fuel arose during the planned repair of South Ukraine NPP in 2013, ”said Konstantinov.

He drew attention to the fact that the Ukrainians were silent on the repeated appeals of the Russian side. Even the chief designer of the WWR-1000 reactor facility OKB Gidropress did not receive official information about the operation of American fuel in mixed cores. And most importantly - there was no data on the impact on Russian fuel. “At the same time, we can assume that, unlike us, Westinghouse specialists had the opportunity to study information on the operation of Russian fuel. In connection with the identified defects in Westinghouse fuel, the national nuclear regulator of Ukraine decided to ban the loading of fresh American fuel and the expansion of its operation outside the third block of the South Ukrainian NPP, ”added the Vice President of TVEL.

Specialists from South Ukraine NPP came out of a difficult situation thanks to their Russian colleagues. TVEL urgently manufactured unscheduled batches of fuel assemblies to replace all American fuel. Today it is unloaded from the second block and remains only on the third. 66 cassettes are operated there, 26 of them is the fourth year. They will be unloaded at the end of this year.

“Today in Ukraine there are problems with the reloading operations of nuclear fuel. But the main difficulty is that in case of abnormal behavior of American fuel at Ukrainian NPPs, serious reputational risks arise for the Russian nuclear industry. We understand this perfectly well, because first of all they will say: our reactors are to blame for everything. Already today there are attempts to shift the responsibility on us. For example, in June, 2013, Westinghouse Vice President Michael Kest commented on the causes of American fuel defects at the South Ukrainian station and stated that his company's assemblies were damaged only because TVEL fuel significantly bends and collides with other assemblies inside the reactor. At the same time, Russian nuclear fuel without problems has been operated in Ukraine for many years, and for some reason, problems of nuclear power plants began to arise only after American cassettes were loaded to it, ”Konstantinov was surprised.

Note that similar problems with the use of nuclear fuel from Westinghouse more than once occurred in other countries. In particular, at the Slovenian station Krško and Finnish Loviisa, as a result of which these countries were forced to refuse the services of an American manufacturer. After the well-known political events, the head of the Ukrainian supervisory authority, which is responsible for the safe operation of the nuclear power industry, was dismissed. And immediately the national operator of the nuclear power plant extended the fuel contract from Westinghouse to 2020. “As you remember, it was before 2015. At the same time, the new head of the Ukrainian regulator agreed conceptually on the decision to continue the operation of the refined design of the American fuel cassettes. His predecessor banned the loading of fresh fuel into the reactors, and the current one is planning to cooperate with the Americans. Many facts and coincidences speak of the politically motivated decisions of Ukraine regarding this cooperation, ”said Vasily Konstantinov.

The economic calculations are ruthless. The losses of NAEC Energoatom from recent accidents at South Ukraine NPP due to American fuel amounted to about 175 million dollars. The current deal with Westinghouse is estimated at about 100 million. It is not known where the current Ukraine intends to get that kind of money, because American fuel is 30 percent more expensive than Russian.

Nuclear power plants hostage to politics

Contracts with Westinghouse are fraught with other problems. “Two years ago, TVEL began a program to move to zero level of nuclear fuel failure. It involves Russian, Bulgarian, Czech NPP operators, as well as specialists from Ukraine. The program applies to Russian fuel, which will be loaded into Western reactors. According to the results of its implementation, we plan to achieve the level of operation of reactors only with hermetic fuel assemblies. At the same time, the use of American fuel in Ukraine may affect the target results of the program, ”said Konstantinov.

Vladimir Gutenev formulated the second problem: “If suddenly, instead of Russian assemblies, America comes to Ukraine, where will they put spent nuclear fuel (SNF)?”. There is no clarity on this issue. The representative of the Ministry of Environment Tatyana Zeynalova said that currently the procedure for importing Russian SNF from Ukraine is in force. In accordance with the 1998 contracts of the year, each import is determined by a separate agreement. There are 418 government decrees, according to which the import of SNF into the Russian Federation should be accompanied by the deduction of a part of funds for the rehabilitation of radiation-contaminated areas. “In addition, there is a strict ban on the import into the Russian Federation of spent nuclear fuel from foreign countries. There is only the return of the fuel that we put there. Return is carried out on temporary storage or on processing. But with Ukraine, I want to note, there is an agreement for temporary storage and processing with subsequent return of fuel to its territory, ”explained Zeynalova.

According to Konstantinov, the Americans do not use a closed fuel cycle, that is, they never take their SNF back. Since the import of alien nuclear fuel into Russia is prohibited, Ukraine is trying to resolve the issue with the help of the Americans. For this, the American-British consortium of firms Holtec and BNFL has been trying to build a repository for SNF there for several years.

By the way, a large repository of nuclear waste (how Ukraine was seen and seen by its Western friends) began to be created under President Yushchenko when he let Westinghouse into his office. This is confirmed by the fact that the consortium Holtec - BNFL has not fulfilled its obligations to build a centralized storage facility for spent nuclear fuel for the needs of Ukrainian NPPs. It is known that about two thousand tons of this waste is still in the so-called wet storage created back in 1986 year. “When they complete its construction, this is a question for the Kiev authorities. In any case, the American fuel will remain in Ukraine. And where are the security guarantees? This is the threat of terrorism, dirty bombs, in general, not only the Ukrainian problem, ”explained Konstantinov.

A significant problem remains the responsibility for the safe operation of American fuel assemblies at Ukrainian NPPs with Russian design. By the way, the wind rose over South Ukraine NPP is not aimed at Russia, but towards Poland, in the Krakow region. The IAEA has a fundamental principle, according to which the responsibility for the operation of nuclear power plants should be borne by the country in whose territory the power facility is located. Vladimir Gutenev is trying to sensitize his Ukrainian colleagues with the help of German Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. “It has great potential for influencing the current Kiev authorities, in principle, it can recommend it within the framework of the IAEA to conduct a detailed assessment of the risks associated with trying to use American fuel. If Russian experts are talking about this with great concern, then we should heed this, ”said the deputy.

As proof, he cited the following statistics: for seven thousand hours of work, the dynamics of an automatic stop due to the critical state of nuclear power plants in 2012 in the world was 0,46, and in Russia - 0,21. In 2013, this coefficient in the world was 0,49, we have 0,28. “The figures indicate a multiple excess of the performance of Russian nuclear power plants in reliability over the world, are eloquent proof that the opinion of our experts on the issue of safety of Ukrainian nuclear power plants must be heard,” Gutenev said.

Volodymyr Potsyapun, Chairman of the Subcommittee on Legislative Support of the Use of Atomic Energy, considers it unlikely that Ukrainian colleagues will be able to influence the authorities and incline them to make an informed decision. “We are one people, especially nuclear scientists. We are one upbringing and education. If it comes to the fact that someone will force them to use dangerous technologies or materials, then people should write memoranda and leave. But once I made a mistake. Journalists asked me if Ukraine would stop supplying water through the North-Crimean Canal. I said that if they are adequate, they will not give up the money, but they refused, ”Pocapun regretted.

Councilor of the Public Chamber Iosif Diskin suggested contacting academician Evgeny Velikhov with a request to hold urgent expert consultations with colleagues from Europe in the field of operating nuclear power plants. He intends to send an appeal to the countries of Central and Eastern Europe so that later there will be no empty talk about who was warned and who was not. “We have to beat the bells. I am convinced that not everyone in Europe is satisfied with American self-will over Ukraine. I would recommend to arrange for the relevant hearings at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and bring our utmost concern to what is happening there. For this, perhaps, we should ask for an emergency meeting of the relevant relevant committee of the Council of Europe, ”suggested Iosif Diskin.
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  1. Stypor23
    27 June 2014 14: 27
    It sounds terrible, but the consequences would be a thousand times worse if this catastrophe happened in 10 years.
    1. +9
      27 June 2014 14: 29
      and that the saddest and most dangerous thing is that when their station breaks dill, they will blame the FSB and Russia for the terrorist attack with the full support of sponsors from Europe and the USA
      1. Stypor23
        27 June 2014 14: 33
        + when this station is the subject of blackmail and knocking out money, starting with Kravchuk and picked up by followers, it becomes uncomfortable.
        1. +11
          27 June 2014 14: 52
          A gift for maydanutyh.
          1. Stypor23
            27 June 2014 15: 10
            Absolutely right
    2. +2
      27 June 2014 16: 18
      Due to its stupidity and greed, the Kiev junta can easily provide Europe and us with a radioactive round dance.
      1. +1
        27 June 2014 23: 58
        They don’t have time, I believe, in the autumn they will not be tongue
      2. +1
        27 June 2014 23: 58
        They don’t have time, I believe, in the autumn they will not be good
    3. The comment was deleted.
  2. +1
    27 June 2014 14: 28
    A time bomb for Russia and Belarus from the State Department, urgent need for anti-nuclear measures ...
    1. +5
      27 June 2014 14: 54
      With these downs, they will bring many more "fateful decisions" to life.
      1. +1
        27 June 2014 15: 58
        So after all, the article clearly says - "... if THEY are adequate ..." Comments are superfluous, they do not smell of adequacy.
    2. 0
      27 June 2014 17: 53
      Do not tear. Everything is quiet and calm.
  3. +2
    27 June 2014 14: 29
    You can’t allow stupid children to play with matches from which the whole world can suffer.
    1. Arkhara
      27 June 2014 15: 35
      Quote: A1L9E4K9S

      You can’t allow stupid children to play with matches from which the whole world can suffer.

      I do not think that the management of nuclear power plants is directly subordinate to politicians. These are not chocolates to print.
  4. +12
    27 June 2014 14: 30
    I read it on the internet!
    Dobronravov, atu them, atu !!!
    Maidan activist Valentina Bardakova and her husband were hung with "pretzels" in Tallinn Russian actors

    A company of Russian filmmakers beat Ukrainian activist Valentina Bardakova and her husband in Tallinn, Pavel Gintov, a friend of the activist, wrote about this on the eve of a social network. Bardakova, returning to the hotel with her husband, saw a company sitting in a summer cafe, in which were actor Fedor Dobronravov and director, chairman of the State Duma Committee on Culture, Stanislav Govorukhin.
    Bardakova decided to ask the filmmaker why he signed a letter from cultural figures in support of Vladimir Putin’s policy towards Ukraine.
    As a result, according to the activist, a skirmish ensued, during which Russian cultural figures declared that "Crimea has always been Russian", "Americans are stupid", and their interlocutors are "fascists" and "nonentities." Then the actor Dobronravov took her husband by the throat, and two more people from the company began to beat him.
    The woman tried to help her companion, as a result, her finger was broken.
    As it became known, two patrol cars arrived at the scene. Three people were detained, a criminal case was opened on the fact of what happened.

    As these MayDowns already got, the next time they will know how to pester people on the streets. Dobronravov separate respect and respect !!! By the way, he is a former paratrooper and will not endure for a long time.

    I agree with Dobronravov! Do not go to us!
    I especially liked one expression!
    Ukrainians poke a stick of a sleeping bear in a den, and then I run with full pants of shit and scream that they are being raped!
    1. +2
      27 June 2014 20: 23
      Quote: Baron Wrangel
      Then actor Dobronravov took her husband by the throat,

      well done! The man is normal, I liked the "liquidation". wassat
  5. 0
    27 June 2014 14: 32
    Yes .. the last dialogue in the life of some:
    - And not a banter?
    - Yes, it should not ...
  6. 0
    27 June 2014 14: 36
    Yes, of course, the United States will push their own. What can happen later, they do not care, Ukraine is far from them.
  7. -2
    27 June 2014 14: 39
    It is necessary to build a nuclear power plant in Cuba and warn the Americans that in the event of a nuclear incident at a nuclear power plant in Ukraine involving mattresses, "suddenly" there will be a nuclear apocalypse in Cuba and the territory of the United States will turn into a nuclear desert.
    1. Stypor23
      27 June 2014 15: 12
      It is not needed, the Cubans shout what the Gulf of Mexico is forcing and in the oil industry hammering so that a vigorous bomb is not needed.
    2. +1
      27 June 2014 15: 18
      And what about the Cubans? A wonderful island, Russians are well treated, rum is tasty and cheap, and you have to make a "nuclear desert". Use regular means! Or sell Iran a wagon of the necessary technical documentation and in a couple of years they will do everything without us ...
    3. +1
      27 June 2014 16: 43
      Come on, did you think of Cubans?
  8. +3
    27 June 2014 14: 51
    Put them boron rods and put out the hell reactors. As they said at one time, matches for children are not toys.
  9. +1
    27 June 2014 14: 55
    Fyodor Dobronravov did the right thing. The rabid should always be treated like this. And with the nuclear industry of Ukraine, no matter how a trash from the current ukrov government happened. They will provoke an accident and the blame for this will be shifted to Russia amid the hooting of amers. And they will demand "compensation" from us. Here are the temporary puppets! For them, "the worse the better."
    1. 0
      28 June 2014 00: 19
      The IAEA has a fundamental principle according to which the responsibility for the operation of nuclear power plants should be borne by the country in whose territory the power facility is located.
  10. evilrussian
    27 June 2014 14: 55
    With the current situation in Ukraine, one must be wary of sabotage at nuclear facilities.
  11. 0
    27 June 2014 15: 21
    This time, my pacifism finally surrenders. It's time to send the Ka-29 squadron in full combat body kit and destroy everyone who pushes such decisions.
    1. +1
      27 June 2014 21: 09
      Arseny! You are not an age strategist. Go far! Just do not use atomic weapons!
  12. 0
    27 June 2014 15: 37
    The states cannot directly use nuclear weapons against Russia, this is a war.
    And the supply of non-standard fuel elements is the same, only with a time delay. And what will happen to Ukraine and its population over the Drum.
    It is not clear why Poland and Moldova are silent.
    Because if this happens at the Zaporizhzhya NPP, this is one case.
    But if you look at the map where the Khmelnitsky, Rivne and South Ukrainian NPPs are located, it can already be tickled.
  13. Everest2014
    27 June 2014 17: 04
    One of the key factors of the EU is the closure of nuclear power plants, which, in its opinion, are dangerous, so that the new Europeans will extract light from dung. In order not to think that I am making it up, here's a googling: "The EU will give 1 billion euros to Bulgaria, Lithuania and Slovakia for the closure of 3 nuclear power plants."
  14. +1
    27 June 2014 17: 12
    The most terrible thing that can happen in Ukraine and at our side is the loss of the so-called. the leadership of the country that controls the nuclear power plant. If the Americans intervene there and violate the technology - a big "drum" and terrible consequences. fellow
  15. +3
    27 June 2014 17: 25
    article +, the right warning for everyone near Ukraine’s nuclear industry. They will receive a couple of thermal explosions like Fukushima or worse, they will perform Chernobyl-2 with emissions of these Amer TVELs and radioactive contamination all around. The picture will be gloomy 100%.
  16. 0
    27 June 2014 18: 34
    It is necessary to bring the danger of this threat to every resident of Western Europe, so that they realize. That's when their skin is combed in anticipation of radiation, they will look at their new Svidomo friends more soberly ...
  17. 0
    27 June 2014 18: 52
    The current authorities ukrov believe that after them, at least a flood. It is understandable how long this country will last? And so even the grandmother cut down.
  18. 0
    27 June 2014 18: 52
    The last thing Ukraine will end up with is a repeat of Chernobyl. Now warn all these "figures" that this will end with a life sentence. I was on Block 1986 in 4. God forbid repetition.
  19. +1
    27 June 2014 19: 09
    To supply nuclear fuel to ukram !? And what will they pay for it, perhaps with dung. The most effective thing in this case is to remind you that in the event of an accident, the supplier of "non-original" components will be responsible. Let them shut down the nuclear power plant, as they did in the Baltics. Ukraine tse Geyropa do not hai lads jo ..
  20. The comment was deleted.
  21. 0
    27 June 2014 20: 06
    The problem of safe operation of nuclear power plants is quite serious and directly affects the interests of European states. Therefore, we can expect their more active participation in the discussion and in developing a joint position on the abnormal operating modes of Ukrainian nuclear power plants. Given the fact that the Ukrainian government does not demonstrate an adequate approach in management of industrial facilities, one should not exclude the need for power capture of nuclear power plants with their forced decommissioning as a last resort.
  22. +1
    27 June 2014 22: 12
    The dill patriot should refuse Russian fuel, so what if it is dark and cold? The patriot must jump, and not be humiliated using unpatriotic energy sources.
  23. vasilysan
    27 June 2014 23: 47
    Please support the sites of New Russia

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  24. +1
    27 June 2014 23: 58
    Shale gas production, accidents at nuclear power plants and chemical plants - the United States has a lot of choices ... Maybe it’s time to clearly explain that playing with one goal will not work?
  25. 0
    28 June 2014 01: 11
    In fact, Ukram is all the same, the main thing is not from Russia, nuclear engineers understand the people, but politicians are sick and tired (a quarter of the brain by 10x), they think that nuclear fuel should be replaced with everything that is changed in the kitchen faucet.
  26. 0
    28 June 2014 04: 39
    Anyone from the members of the forum are aware of whether there are agreements on vigorous fuel with neighbors in the Asia-Pacific region? For I have had occasion to transport "vigorous" trains. We call them affectionately "Fukushimami".
  27. 0
    30 June 2014 06: 32
    Quote: Thought Giant
    Due to its stupidity and greed, the Kiev junta can easily provide Europe and us with a radioactive round dance.

    most likely the words "PSAKI" "radioactive carousel !!!!

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