Military Review

Nikolai Nikiforov: “The model for managing the Internet infrastructure should be multilateral

5
Sao Paulo (Brazil), April 23 2014 of the year. - The Russian delegation led by the Minister of Communications and Mass Media Nikolai Nikiforov took part in the global conference on the management of the Internet infrastructure NETmundial-2014. The event was opened by the President of the Federative Republic of Brazil, Dilma Rousseff. The head of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of Russia voiced the position of the Russian Federation and proposed the creation or authorization within the framework of the United Nations (UN) a separate structure for the development of international legal norms on the management of Internet infrastructure.


Now the Internet is regulated by the international non-profit organization Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICAAN) created with the participation of the US government in terms of domain names, IP addresses and other mechanisms. However, in the 2013-2014 years of the global public, previously unknown facts became known about the working methods of the intelligence structures of a number of countries, about the practice of mass collection and storage of personal data of citizens. All this revealed the vulnerability of the global network and demonstrated that the privacy of each user can be under the scrutiny of a certain circle of people.

In this regard, the head of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media of Russia stated the need for the equal participation of all states in managing the Internet infrastructure and preventing the situation of massive violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

The following is the speech of the Minister of Communications and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation Nikolai Nikiforov on NETmundial-2014, which was held in Sao Paulo (Brazil).

"Ladies and gentlemen!

Let me express my gratitude to the Government of the Federative Republic of Brazil for organizing the event.

I also want to greet all the participants of today's meeting. It is devoted to an exceptionally important topic - the discussion of the issue of improving the current model of managing the Internet infrastructure, which, in our opinion, is experiencing a serious crisis.

I note that this issue can be effectively addressed only with close international cooperation and with the leading role of states.

It is obvious that today the world community needs immediate, coordinated and effective actions aimed at improving the current model of managing the Internet infrastructure.

I would like to note that the state considers civil society as an important partner and ally in building a balanced, safe and respecting human rights Internet ecosystem. In recent years, many forms and methods of such cooperation have been tested and have yielded good results.
We share the view that the Internet infrastructure management model should be multistakeholder. This understanding was reflected in a joint statement by the G8 heads of state in Deauville in 2011.

However, in our opinion, it is necessary to clearly define the roles of all stakeholders in this process, including states. After all, states are subjects of international law, they are the guarantor of the rights and freedoms of their citizens, play a major role in matters of economics, security and stability of the Internet information infrastructure, take measures to prevent, detect and prevent illegal actions in the global network.

The participation of states in the sphere of their authority in the decision-making process on the management of Internet infrastructure will solve the following problems:

- the use of the Internet for the purpose of mass violation of human rights and fundamental freedoms, which contradicts both national law and international law, and also undermines people's trust in the global network;

- the lack of balance between ensuring security on the Internet and respecting human rights;

- the lack of a single center for the development of intergovernmental policies and international standards for the proper management of the Internet infrastructure.

The Russian Federation proceeds from the understanding that the Internet must remain open, a transnational resource endowed with a fair and truly international infrastructure management mechanism capable of generating confidence, confidence and equal opportunities for economic development.

I don’t deny that we are concerned about the low level of coordination of international, regional and national efforts to manage the Internet infrastructure.

Some issues of Internet infrastructure management are divided between different organizations and their solution is poorly coordinated. For example, the Internet Governance Governance Forum (IGF) is not the responsible authority for formulating and adopting a global policy on Internet infrastructure management. And in its format can not be endowed with such powers. ICANN does not have an internationally agreed mandate to support its activities, its functions are to manage only the critical resources of the Internet.

In addition, ICANN is not an international governmental organization with a global representation of countries, which does not automatically comply with the principle of equality of states in relation to the management of Internet infrastructure.

In our opinion, to solve these tasks, a separate international structure can be created (defined) within the UN, designed to develop and encourage international law norms and other standards in the field of Internet infrastructure management, and ensure coordination and interconnection of relevant Internet standards. international structures, institutions, organizations and other forums. Or, such functions may be vested with the ITU (International Telecommunication Union) as a core international organization.
The Russian Federation is ready to discuss within the framework of the meeting various ideas and suggestions that may in the future help the international community to create a truly safe, open and effective model of managing the Internet infrastructure based on internationally agreed norms and other standards.

I note that the Russian contribution to the organizers of the Global Meeting reflected the legal, political, institutional and technical issues that citizens of our countries, our public face, and also made specific proposals for creating a new Internet infrastructure management model that meets the interests of most states.

In the final documents of the Global Meeting, it is necessary to emphasize the role of states in the process of managing Internet infrastructure, to confirm the rights of states to determine and conduct public policy, including international, on managing Internet infrastructure, ensure the security of the national segment of the Internet, and regulate activities operating organizations that provide access to the Internet or pass Internet traffic.

Without the inclusion of these basic, fundamental principles, the document will have no added value.

At this stage, we do not see opportunities to reach a consensus between different approaches to the issue of Internet infrastructure management. This was shown by the draft final documents circulated by the organizers of the event, in which many provisions actually contradict each other. In this regard, as a compromise, we propose to formalize the results of the meeting in the form of a report by its chairman.

In conclusion, I would like to stress once again that we will continue to pursue a policy of strengthening international cooperation in the field of Internet infrastructure management. I have no doubt that it will always be constructive. And the contribution of Russia in this area is significant. ”
Originator:
http://minsvyaz.ru/ru/
5 comments
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  1. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx April 24 2014 05: 53
    +5
    Americans will never let the first level domain servers steer.
    The only way is to create an alternative Internet. I do not think that this is an impossible task, especially if a group of sufficiently developed countries is interested in this. However, Russia and China will be enough.
    1. Civil
      Civil April 24 2014 06: 16
      -3
      1. Registration on the Internet for passports.
      2. Popular biologers equate to the media.
      3. Restrict access to Western sites, strictly to government-approved lists, the rest on request through the ATS.
      4. The ban on foreigners visiting websites Runet.
      5. Criminal liability for all actions on the Internet, especially for defamation and insulting civil servants.

      Everything is strictly according to the numerous requests of Russian citizens, as well as for security purposes, counteraction to the propaganda of homosexuality, the spread of extremism.
      And all the critics and mis-masters in the sunny Arctic without the right to correspondence.
      2 points have already been completed.
      1. rereture
        rereture April 24 2014 09: 16
        -1
        I am a citizen of the Russian Federation and I am against such barbarism.

        Firstly, this is a violation of the privacy of citizens.
        Secondly, the destruction of the IT sphere in the Russian Federation will lead to a massive leak of IT specialists from the country. Durov is already an example.
        Thirdly, sooner or later, they will find ways to bypass such a firewall and mass use, for example, I2p, that is, the "shadow Internet".
        Fourth, this will lead to mass protests among young people.

        All the points you described will lead to the degradation of the IT sphere, mass protests, and possibly revolution.

        In my opinion, it is necessary to cancel all prohibitions on the Internet that concern the dissemination of information, that is, all anti-piracy laws. Repeal laws on extremism and inciting religious or international hatred on the Internet (and not only). This will turn Runet into a safe haven, which will give an impetus to an even stronger development of the IT sector.
        It is also necessary to teach children the search and filtering of information on the Internet.
        1. Civil
          Civil April 24 2014 12: 31
          -2
          This is done for your own safety and at the request of many. Are you against the current government, respected and the people who elected the State Duma, which in turn approved the government?
          In the future, it’s not bad to prohibit the departure of citizens abroad without good reason. It is dangerous for those staying here.
          1. rereture
            rereture April 24 2014 13: 32
            0
            This is done for your own safety and at the request of many.

            What kind of security? What are you talking about? Is silence for all those who disagree - is it security?
            Is security a fear of one’s state?
            By popular demand?
            Announce the list please.

            I am sure that there will be more supporters of such measures than defenders.
            For example, over 100 thousand people voted for the abolition of anti-piracy law in a month.

            Prohibit everything - the prohibition will break, but you need to instill a culture of use, search, evaluation of information.
            1. Civil
              Civil April 24 2014 14: 12
              0
              And what, repealed anti-piracy law? Here is the fact, until these online voting ballots shut down, frolic on health, but to be quiet against the authorities will not work further. And loudly, the appropriate laws have been adopted. Something like this, you can minus how much will fit, but this will not affect the situation.
              1. rereture
                rereture April 24 2014 16: 15
                0
                That's what it did not help, just proves that the state with us, alas, is not for people, but for those in power.
                And when taking such measures, as you suggest, there will be an explosion of social discontent.
                The ban of such vents as the Internet will lead those who are not satisfied with power to the streets. And mostly young people will come out. and there will be a maidan, do you need it?
    2. lozh76
      lozh76 April 24 2014 06: 53
      0
      In Russia, they are more interested in protecting the rights of snickering media tycoons !!! (although you are right about the alternative)
    3. Tra-ta-ta
      Tra-ta-ta April 24 2014 07: 05
      0
      The only way is to create an alternative Internet.
      I agree. Ato, after the last revelations, it’s scary to travel abroad ..!
  2. mig31
    mig31 April 24 2014 06: 16
    +1
    That's just it is not worth relying on the United Nations, the pocket structure of mattress covers, let's get away from dependence
    1. Very old
      Very old April 24 2014 08: 57
      0
      It’s necessary, it’s necessary to get rid of dependence (what is to be done for the payment system)
      And on dollar addiction, both on nicotine and drugs

      A nod of N. Nikiforov towards the UN seems to be a purely diplomatic curtsy
      This talking room has become obsolete, but so far there is no alternative to it.

      Here sv68 effectively says below on the tape - while Big Bill reigns, we remain dependent
  3. sv68
    sv68 April 24 2014 07: 26
    +1
    First you need to create and install as your only own OS; only after that you can talk about the alternative Internet
  4. GRAY
    GRAY April 24 2014 08: 29
    +1
    "3. Restrict access to Western sites, strictly in the lists approved by the government, the rest on request through the Department of Internal Affairs."
    Great Russian firewall?
    - No, thanks.
    Yes, and with a freebie squeezed on any.
    1. Civil
      Civil April 24 2014 12: 32
      -1
      Quote: GRAY
      "3. Restrict access to Western sites, strictly in the lists approved by the government, the rest on request through the Department of Internal Affairs."
      Great Russian firewall?
      - No, thanks.
      Yes, and with a freebie squeezed on any.

      This is for your own health, you will pay more attention to family and health.
      1. rereture
        rereture April 24 2014 13: 54
        0
        Sorry, but not the state in which the State Duma is all clinical, decide how much, to whom and when I will devote my time.
        1. Civil
          Civil April 24 2014 14: 13
          0
          Quote: rereture
          Sorry, but not the state in which the State Duma is all clinical, decide how much, to whom and when I will devote my time.

          Are you against the Russian state? While no borders are open ...
          1. rereture
            rereture April 24 2014 16: 32
            0
            Not against the state, but against the dio.tiz.m. allegedly elected representatives of people sitting in the State Duma, who are trying to adopt not the most popular laws, as they say, quietly when the president’s rating is high.

            And we are not going to close any borders, on the contrary, they were even more open for migrants.

            And you, probably, the fermented patriot? Their souls, so that strangers are afraid?

            If a society is healthy, it is not susceptible to propaganda, if everything is fine in the country, people do not need bans. If suddenly everyone begins to prohibit (as you propose the Internet), or vice versa, everything is resolved before everything (drugs for example), this means the state is coming to an end.
  5. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 24 2014 09: 21
    0
    It is imperative to get out of the control of the West. We must create our own domestic structures.