According to the chronology of wars, posted on the website "Military история Russia ", it is known that for the period from the 9th to the beginning of the 21st century, our country took part in more than 70 wars and other various local armed conflicts.
Other sources indicate that Russia fought much more often, for example, the well-known Russian general Kuropatkin in his memorandum to the tsar in 1900 wrote: “that in previous 200 years, Russia was at war for 128 years and had 72 of the world. From 128 years of war - 5 years fell on defensive wars and 123 on aggressive ones. "
I.A. Ilyin "About Russia": "Solov'ev counts from 1240 to 1462 (for 222) two hundred wars and invasions. From the fourteenth century to the twentieth (for 525 years) Sukhotin counts 329 years of war. Russia has won two thirds of its life . "
Alexander III, "Peacemaker", said that Russia for its 1000 summer history, did not fight, only with him. This is not entirely true, even under the rule of this sovereign, they fought:
Clashes with Afghanistan 1885 in the Kushka region.
Thus, according to the chronology of wars, only the Old Russian state for the period from 862 to 1054. took part in five different major campaigns and wars:
Byzantine campaigns - IX-X century.
Hiking Svyatoslav - IX.
Campaigns of Vladimir Svyatoslavovich and Yaroslav the Wise X-XI century.
Fight against nomads - X-XI century.
The rout of the Khazar Khaganate - 985
During the period of fragmentation, the Russian principalities also continued to fight; it is known that from 1054 to 1547. Russian princes took part in 16-ti various major military campaigns, battles, defensive and offensive wars.
Battle of the Nemiga River 1067
Battle of Stugna 1093
Bitka on the river Kalka 1223
Neva battle 1240
Battle of 1242
Hiking to Batuia Russia 1237-1257
Battle on the river Irpin 1321
Kulikovo battle 1380
The overthrow of the Golden Horde yoke 1439-1480.
Border War 1487-1494
The Russian-Swedish war 1495-1497
Russian-Livonian-Lithuanian War 1500-1503
Russian-Lithuanian War 1507-1508
Russian-Lithuanian War 1512-1522
The conquest of Central Asia, the beginning of the XVI century.-1839
Starodubskaya war 1534-1537's.
During the Russian centralized state in the period from 1547 and until the formation of the Russian Empire, up to 1721g. Russia participated in 6-ti major wars, the figure seems small at first glance, but it was the most difficult period in the history of the Russian state since the Mongol invasion.
It is during this period from 1598 to 1613. in the so-called “time of troubles”, the Russian state fought for its independence, the wars of this period were extremely protracted and bloody.
The Russian-Swedish war 1554-1557
Livonian War 1558-1583
Crimean campaign on Moscow 1571
Molodinsk battle 1572
Time of Troubles 1598-1613
Great Northern War 1700-1721
However, Russia waged the greatest number of wars at the time when the Russian Empire became, when a lot of neighboring territories and peoples joined the country, in connection with which Russia constantly entered into conflicts with its numerous and militant neighbors.
In total for this imperial period, our country took part in almost 30-ti various major wars, military campaigns and other armed conflicts, one of the wars was worldwide (World War I), the same number includes the suppression of various armed insurrections and uprisings.
Separately, this list contains the well-known Caucasian War, which with breaks and truces passes from one century to another.
Persian War 1722-1723
Swedish War 1788-1790
Turkish war 1736-1739's.
The Second Turkish War 1787-1791
War of the Polish Succession 1733-1735
In the Soviet period, Russia took part in the 12 wars, one of which was worldwide (World War II) and various other armed conflicts.
Modern Russia already managed to take part in the 3 wars on the threshold of the 21 century.
Who more often than other countries and peoples were our opponents on the battlefield?
In the 17-18 centuries, Russia fought most of all with Sweden, with this country Russia converged on the battlefields almost 8 times, the last war ended in 1809, when, after losing its province of Finland, the Swedes no longer fought against Russia.
The next country that fought most against Russia was Turkey. In the period from 18 to 19, Russian troops fought against the Turkish army in almost 7 wars, mostly always successfully. And only one war ended unsuccessfully, this is Prut's campaign of Peter I.
Last time, 8 times Russia fought against Turkey already at the beginning of the 20 century, the first world war in the southern Caucasus.
Quite a lot Russia fought against Poland.
From history it is known that, beginning almost from the 16 century, Russia and Poland fought against each other in several different wars and other armed conflicts with some interruptions.
What is interesting is that if in the 16 century the Russians fought the liberation war against the Poles, then in the 19 century the Poles were already fighting against the tsarist government for their independence, this is when they launched two major armed uprisings, which was not easily suppressed by the Russian army.
The Poles also had quite decent successes in the fight against Russia, this is when in 1920. “Red Bonaparte” overestimated its capabilities and underestimated the enemy, as a result, Soviet Russia received a shameful defeat.
The last time Russia and Poland confronted each other in 1939g. during the "liberation campaign" of the Red Army. As a result of the campaign, all the conquests of the Poles according to the 1920 results of the year were eliminated.
The most formidable opponent of the Russian army on the battlefields was, of course, the German (Prussian) army. With the Germans, the Russians fought on a large scale three times.
But if in the 18 century during the seven-year war, even not very gifted Russian military leaders crushed the Prusaks, in the 20 century, the Russian and Germans fought to die in two world wars, in which the fate of all humanity was really decided.
There were other respectable opponents of Russia and Russia converged with France four times on the battlefields, the most famous of which were three wars, it was 1805 -1807.g. war, famous for the shame of Austerlitz, Patriotic 1812 of the year, but of course Crimea Eastern war.
Four times Japan fought against us, in 1904-1905gg. they managed to defeat the tsarist army, and at the sea they even won a brilliant victory, but the Japanese could not successfully fight against the Red Army in the future.
If in the border conflict at Lake Hassan, samurai and the Red Army fought as equals, then at Khalkhin Gol and further in Manchuria in 1945. they suffered utter defeat. Japanese diplomats still do not leave efforts to smooth the shame of their army with a kind of peace treaty in exchange for the lost islands.
The neighbors of the Japanese - the Chinese, too, were our opponents; from history there are three armed conflicts between Russia and this country; this is when Russian troops participated in the suppression of the so-called “boxing uprising” in 1900, in 1929. the armed conflict in the Khabarovsk region, during which Blucher’s troops forced the entire Chinese grouping of troops to flee, but of course the events in Damansky and at Zhalanashkol.
There were other opponents of Russia, for example, against a small country like Hungary, the Russians fought four times, two of them in 1848 and in 1956. suppressed rebellion.
And in the period from 1914 to 1916. they fought already on the margins of the First World War and once the Hungarians came to Russia themselves as invaders as part of the German Wehrmacht.
More than three times Russia fought with Lithuania, mostly in the 16 century.
Twice the Finns fought against us, in the winter war 1940. and in the second world.
Once the British (the Crimean War), the Austrians (in the First World War), the Romanians and the Italians (in the Second World War) fought against our country. These countries were officially at war with Russia.
There were also numerous secret wars, the rendering of fraternal international assistance in Spain, China, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Angola, Korea, etc.
There is no America anywhere on this list, the eternal enemy of Russia in the 20 century, and this is not surprising, since this country has been in hot wars, that is, Russia has never officially fought, except once, when the Americans took part in the intervention and civil war. Of Russia in 1919-1920gg. in the Far East.
For the last time, Russia fought in 2008 against Georgia and God forbid that this war be the last for our country.
PS In this topic, I propose to lay out the facts about the feats of arms of our warriors. Well, about the "exploits" of foreign soldiers write the same here.