"FATHERLAND OF THOUGHT AND IMAGINATION"
Dangers for our people around - nemeryannom. Our inclusion in the world economic and, above all, in the American financial system and, as a result, deindustrialization and the decline of agriculture; at the same time and due to the fact - the drop in the combat capability of the army, personnel decline in all sectors. All this is so. But still, it seems to me, these difficulties and dangers are superficial. These are great dangers, but they are external to the people's organism. If you take up the cause of the whole world, any ruins can be raked and in their place you can build what you need - from factories and farms to the army and schools.
To rebuild after the devastation of our people had to. My mother-in-law remembers: the end of 44 was returned by the girl with her parents to Zaporozhye, liberated from the Germans, from Chelyabinsk, where the blast furnace from Zaporozhstal was taken out, where her father worked as a master. Returned - on the ruins. Five years later, the family moved to a comfortable apartment. This is despite the fact that the industry was restored first, and then housing was built. So, external destruction is not such a problem when people act together and they are shown the right path.
It seems to me that our people have a more serious - less visible - danger.
This danger is the traditional Westernism of the intelligentsia.
Our intellectual estate, which we called intellectuals, very easily turns into the fifth column of the West. This is something like an autoimmune disease - when the body does not recognize at all or falsely recognizes danger. Westernism of the intelligentsia is a disease of the national spirit. And it can play its destructive role. Yes, playing already ...
On the Internet there is a website predatel.ru, where the statements of the liberal-creative public on current events are collected. Here Novodvorskaya soloist: "Today, every decent Russian should wish to defeat his Fatherland ... We are completely on the side of Ukraine, we are in solidarity with her new democratic government and are confident that the Russian aggression will meet with proper armed resistance." For older people, remembering history The CPSU, here is a noticeable reminiscence from the Bolshevik proclamations of a hundred years ago: they also wanted to defeat their government (note: after all, the government, and Novodvorskaya - right away to the Fatherland, so as not to be a trifle). This is not surprising: in the Bolshevik psychology and ideology the intellectuals were very strong Westernist, because their ideologues were intellectuals.
“It was not so shameful about 68,” Leonid Gozman sings along with Novodvorskaya. Well, yes, 68 year, the introduction of troops in Czechoslovakia. Every intellectual is bound to be ashamed. And what is it to be ashamed of? That our country has defended the zone of its interests, conquered by blood, by the way. And how should I do the right thing? Probably surrender it to a geopolitical opponent. NATO surrender. What happened after twenty years.
“The tank is burning at the intersection of streets, / It's good that this tank is burning,” wrote the bard Gorodnitsky about these events. Let's think about it: the poet rejoices that the tank of HIS country is on fire. This, it must be understood, to the taste of those who advocated "For our and your freedom!".
After more than forty years, this seemingly innocent and even sublime slogan transformed into Stanislav Belkovsky’s bloodthirsty fantasies: “The Fifth Fleet of the United States is delivering a tactical nuclear strike. This is done in two seconds. The Black Sea Fleet is disappearing, and at that moment everyone’s brains are in place. ” There is no tank here, everything is on fire. And let them burn with a blue flame - if only the evil empire burned, - this is how the Russian intellectual argues.
Are they lured? Are they purchased wholesale and retail? Right! Western, mainly American intelligence services have always lured any anti-Soviet, anti-Russian and anti-state parties; did it systematically and skillfully. So skillfully that it causes unwitting respect for their professionalism.
But do not be complacent with such a simple explanation!
The trouble is that the views, the way of thinking of this liberal-creative-anti-Russian get-together - is widespread. He penetrated the capillary mass.
Defending an interest for money hostile to your country is, of course, bad. But it is much worse. Much worse when they do it disinterestedly. What is called for love. And there are also very many of them - which are for love. I have a good friend - not a politician at all, but a teacher of foreign languages, not even a Jew. So here it is, always so ardently defending the position of America and in general the West, as if it is composed of the State Department for salary. At the same time, she has no particular interest in politics, let alone knowledge, - she just habitually repeats the ideas generally accepted in her circle. Habitual from time immemorial. So familiar that there is no reason to reconsider or change their mind.
It is in this that I see a much greater danger than in the inveterate cries of Novodvorskaya.
This is one of the most important reasons why the USSR was destroyed, and the West managed to export the general crisis of capitalism to the former socialist countries, first of all, to the USSR, turning these countries into their semi-colonies. This operation succeeded a quarter of a century ago with marvelous ease, which surprised, they say, even the CIA, precisely because of the traditional Westernism of a very significant part of the intelligentsia. For our intelligentsia, the West has always been and remains, to this day, "the fatherland of thought and imagination," as some enthusiastic author of the 18th century said about France. And the intelligentsia is a class that creates meanings or, in any case, translates them. Therefore, what is in the head of the intelligentsia is in the head and in the society. True: the intelligentsia is not in itself, it is always in the service of someone — the feudal prince, the bourgeois money bag, the dictatorship of the proletariat, or the Western special services. So the question interests me: how is it that our intelligentsia is massively pro-Western?
“HOLOPES OF ANOTHER THOUGHT”
In pre-Petrovskaya Rus, there was no professional corporation of intellectuals. Our intelligentsia is the creation of Petrovo: the king wanted to create an educated, mainly technically, estate for his transformative needs. By sending the young plants to study the nautical and other sciences, generally making the young nobility learn the positive and useful sciences, he carried out his intention. By the way, this year you can celebrate the 300 anniversary of the tsar's decree on compulsory education for noblemen.
It was in those days that the Russian educated man learned to look at a European as a beacon of wisdom. A foreigner is a teacher. By definition. The matter was aggravated by the fact that the nobles were brought up in large numbers by governors and teachers, who in many “rushed etre ouchitel” who came to Russia, as stated in “Dubrovsky”. Often in their own country, they were horsemen and confectioners; however, there were, especially after the French Revolution, useful, knowledgeable people.
The story repeated itself at the beginning of the 90 of the twentieth century: “lights” came to us again. How they heeded! Someone noticed that a landmark discovery was made much later: it turns out, and in English one can also say nonsense. In general, the “Frenchman from Bordeaux” is our eternal theme and historical curse. The Frenchman has different nationalities and professions, always the same: he is a teacher and an authority.
It can be said: this is because our science and, in general, enlightenment is borrowed. Yes, historically it is. But this does not explain anything. In the end, at the level of the individual human life, any knowledge, any education is borrowed. Everybody learned something from someone. But then he came out on his own way, began to think with his head, went further than the teacher and excelled him in knowledge and experience. The usual thing! The same can and should be in the life of the collective personality - the people. Already in the XIX century, not to mention the twentieth century, we stood on an equal footing with the century, nevertheless feeling ourselves miserable and second-rate. We somehow always underestimated our own thought, even the very capacity for our own thought: what, they say, to think about it when the Germans still invented everything or come up with it in the near future?
A Russian educated person both in the 17th and 19th centuries thought about Russian reality in a foreign language - not so much in the language as such, French or German, but in the language of another's thought. Our thinkers usually tried to throw on the Russian reality a conceptual grid formed in relation to a completely different life and a different reality. The result was a completely incongruous picture that did not correspond to reality. It turned out that our Russian reality is completely wrong, because it does not fit into the framework of a model that is shaped for a completely different reality.
This was well said by V.O. Klyuchevsky in the remarkable article “Eugene Onegin and his ancestors”: “When it was time to seriously think about the environment, they began to think about it in a foreign language, translating the native Russian concepts to foreign speeches, with the proviso that at least it’s not the same thing, but it looks like something of the same kind. When all Russian concepts with such a reservation and with more or less philological success were shifted to foreign utterances, a circle of ideas was obtained in the head of the translator that did not correspond to either Russian or foreign phenomena. The Russian thinker not only did not achieve an understanding of his native reality, but also lost the very ability to understand it. He couldn’t look straight and simple for anything; he couldn’t call his real name, present it in its present form, and couldn’t present it as it was, just because he couldn’t name it properly. In the sum of such notions, the Russian everyday order was such a reckless nonsense, a set of such glaring absurdities that the most impressionable of this kind of people who wanted to work for their fatherland, penetrated "disgust for our Russian life." Kluchevsky called his compatriots "slaves of someone else's thoughts", and in essence he was very right. And the teachings of Adam Smith, and Marxism - all these teachings are not that they are wrong in themselves, but describe our reality very little. All this is a kind of “adapted” philosophy and political economy - as is the case of “adapted” premises, and not built specifically for this purpose. As a result, intellectuals began to feel that a non-foreign doctrine was unfit, and our Russian life was somewhat crooked and second-rate, since does not meet advanced teaching. Only now, the idea that Russia is a special civilization is beginning to penetrate and master the educated people and, accordingly, to describe it requires a very special, original conceptual apparatus. But this work is mainly a matter of the future. Do not lose this rush.
This is the historical sin of the Russian educated class - in ideological worship. With marvelous ease, we always thrust into the role of the spiritual colony of the West. And from spiritual dependence it is easy to move on to physical dependence. Such a disposition of a significant part of the intelligentsia makes it easy prey for foreign propaganda, foreign intelligence services and the geopolitical enemy in general.
After the war, in 1947, however, an attempt was made — very useful in substance — to overcome this unfortunate trait. The initiator was the physicist P.L. Kapitsa, who wrote a letter to Stalin about how little we value our thought and how much - overseas. According to K. Simonov, Stalin said at a meeting with writers: “If we take our average intelligentsia, scientific intelligentsia, professors ... they have an unjustified admiration for foreign culture. Everyone feels still underage, not one hundred percent, they are used to thinking of themselves as eternal students ... Why are we worse? What's the matter? It happens like this: a person does a great thing and does not understand this himself ... ... We must fight with the spirit of self-deprecation ... "
But, unfortunately, the then agitprop, acting with the grace of an elephant in a china shop, turned the necessary initiative of a scientist into a ridiculous orgy. The result, if there was, was only negative.
What is the reason for this situation? I think in Oblomovism, in mental laziness. Too lazy to think with one’s mind over one’s life and one’s affairs, but one wants to write off one’s neighbor as a bad student control.
NEDADY WITH OWN HEAD
Another feature of our intelligentsia that makes it easy prey for foreign intelligence services and simply anti-Russian propaganda is its principled statelessness. Our typical intellectual does not understand the meaning of the state, does not love him, does not appreciate him and would be happy to overthrow him. Well, or somehow do without it. He does not value the state in general, or in particular, much less the historical Russian state. Well, he could put up with some imaginary ideal state, but for nothing with a real state with its bureaucracy, cruelty, stupidity and other imperfections. Immediately, a “tear of a child”, a “bloody gebnya”, hated officials who want to stay away are dragged into the light. Our intellectual does not see in the state "the embodiment of the spirit of the people", as Hegel or the "positive-legal image of the Motherland," as Ivan Ilyin believed.
The intellectual always opposes himself to the state. In the typical intellectual consciousness there are always white and fluffy WE and nasty THEY. Under the Soviet regime, THEY were district-regional committees, before the revolution this role was played by the tsarist autocracy, today they are officials, but it is always something disgusting, hostile and completely alien, like aliens, from somewhere who have taken and seized good and innocent us, always staying in good and truth. The idea that the nasty THEY are the same WE, only more nimble and energetic, causes irritation and nervous denial in a normal intellectual. THEY - this is stupidity, geba, total idiocy.
Our bureaucracy and, in general, state work are, in fact, very far from ideal, and there is plenty of nonsense there. But where does the mind come from, if our typical intellectual of state work avoids it, despises it and carefully avoids it, like a heap of filth?
This is also a historical tradition. Our mental class, created by the state, in principle, should faithfully serve its needs. And how could it be otherwise? For some time this was the case: educated and knowledgeable people went hand in hand with power, helping it; Neither Lomonosov, nor Fonvizin were intellectuals in that specific sense — the obligatory front — which this word acquired later.
The first intellectual — in the very, special, Nashi, sense — was Radishchev, who, instead of helping and efficiently advising the authorities, cursed her, this very power, energetically. That was the beginning of the third century of the continuing disruption of the Russian state in its mental class.
For some reason, it is customary to be proud of this fact, but in general this is one of the tragic absurdities of our life. It’s something like a person’s having a headache. Guilt, of course, mutual. Klyuchevsky in his notes, not intended for publication, put it simply and obscenely about this: “The struggle of the Russian autocracy against the Russian intelligentsia is the struggle of the lecherous old man with his choices [...] who knew how to give birth to them, but did not know how to bring them up. (Klyuchevsky, VO, Aphorisms. Historical Portraits and Etudes. M. Thought, 1993, p. 58).
This is very true: on the merits, the intelligentsia was created by the STATE twice: under Peter and under Stalin. And both Russian intelligentsia hit the front instead of constructive cooperation with the authorities. To frontier at least mentally, keep the fig in your pocket, just silently despise all this fuss, feel contempt for the “zaputintsam” - this is the intellectual comme il faut from Radishchev to Navalny.
What is the reason for this tradition? It seems to me that she is still in the same oblomov region. On the one hand, there is the “pigeon purity of the soul”, peculiar to Illya Ilyich, and an aspiration for the ideal. On the other hand, laziness and inability to find a way to live productively and act in the face of real, not perfect reality. Hence the radical revolutionism, the total rejection of the existing order. In general, radical revolutionaries, who totally reject the existing world order, are usually people who have little in life and certainly cannot find a place in reality. “Finding a place” is not in the sense of “adapting”, but rather “being realized”, “becoming useful”. Because to find your place you need energy, a grasp, not a bookish knowledge of this very reality, real, not fictional people. And this is just not. So there is nothing left to deny. Just as the writers of scientific projects, who deny all the existing foundations of science, are most likely ignoramuses.
In general, radical denial is very often a manifestation of oblomovism and worthlessness. To maintain mental equilibrium and preserve mental homeostasis, such a person needs the horrors of our repressive state, nasty officials, Putin, who usurped power, all this justifies the lack of success and the general worthlessness of existence.
Such a feeling of life, called the nihilism by the invented Turgenev, is very typical of the Russian intelligentsia.
There are a lot of people of such mental and mental makeup. They are diligent listeners of Echo of Moscow, as before some Freedom, often teachers of something humanitarian, who often speak English and restrainedly proud that they don’t watch the central TV channels, because there is dirty bogus lies. They are noble, well-read and nervously demanding the introduction of true democracy and the rule of law right next Monday.
Western intelligence agencies do not even need to buy these people: just caressing them and scolding Putin — they are ready. In August, 91 was the one who “defended democracy”, and before that they went to rallies, demanding the abolition of the 6 article of the Constitution and any other abolitions and freedoms. Some of those long-standing over the past decades have learned something and understood something, but the shift of new nihilists has grown. The genotype of our intelligentsia does not change so easily.
And today it can be really dangerous.